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LABOR STATDTE VOID.
Supreme Court Holds New York Law . ' to It Unconstitutional. PROHIMTS OVERTIME l'r 31 enters f tha lllrhe.t Ja4L . etary U Ik atloa lo Sot Co laclda U tk Opinio m llaad. Dow a. Washington, April II. la declaring the law of New York stale prescribing Cer, houra aa a day's work and sixty Kftr a week's work to be unconsti tutional. Justice Prcklmm of the Unit 4 Btate supreme court, who handed down the duclsloii, hid', that It it act mert-ly Axing the number of houra w, Ich ahall contltut a legil day'a work, but an absolute prohlbl tloa of the employer permitting under any circumstance mora than ten houra to be dona In hi establishment. 11a continued! The employe may de alra to earn tha extra money whh h would arise from hi working more than the prescribed time, hut thl lt ute fortM tha employer from permit tint ttV employe to ram It. It nec easertly Interfere with tha right of contract between employer and em 'loye. concerning tha number of houra Vvhich tha latter may labor In the I V'T of tha employer. Tha general I I Vv maka a contract In relation to 1j2fca la part f the liberty of ruiivt1ual protected by tha four h amendment to the Federal con- atltutlon. "Under that provision no state can deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The right to purchase or to II tabor la part of tha liberty protected by thin amendment unlet there, arn clrrutn sUncea rhl h exclude the right." The Justice referred to the exrep Itena coming under tha hrnd of the po lice power of the elate, and after con lljerlng that point at length. Con cluded that the prevent caai did nut fall within police power. The question whether thl art I ', valid aa a labor law, pure and simple, ' ald he, may be dismissed In a few 1 word. There I no reasonable around 'for Interfrrrlng with the liberty of ' person of the right of free contrart by determining the hour of labor In the occupation of a baker, Maker are In no siim ward of the utate. Viewed In the light of a purely Lilxir law with no reference whatever to the question of health, we think thitt a law like the one before u Involves tha safety, nor the morals, nor the welfare of the pub lic Interest. "it Is a question nf which of two power or right sliull prevail the power of the state to legislate or the right of the Individual l liberty of tron and freedom of contract. The Jre assertion thut the aubjei t re to the public he-ilth d"es not n-r-e.irlly reinliT the enactment Vail I The act must have a more direct rela tion as a means to mi end and thu en I Itself must be appropriate and legit -Imnte before un ai t cm be hel l to be valid which Interferes with the gn eml right of n lndlvldll.il to be fte Pi his perxon nml hl po. r to contra, t In relation to Ms own labor We thl-ik the limit of the poll, v power has been rincliel and p.l-'ed Pi II I ruse." lie quote.: the tilMtl s tit show th.lt the trade of a baker i not an c-pc-rl.-tlly unhealthy one .ml sail iio-n could not be prevented from taming a lion for their f.iitil'les . comlu l ed: "It seems to ns that the real o! J. et and purpose was slrtily to reiri- le the hours of labor between the nial r imd bin i-tnploves, nil l 1'ig iii-ii ml Juils Pi a prival-' hultie s not dan gerous In any degree to morals or In any real nn l substnntl.il di give to the heultli nf the employe. I'nhr such i lrc'jm"tiini i s the free dom of master and cmploe to con trail with each other ill relation to their emploment and defining t same, r.intiot ! prohibited or Inter ferred with v llhnut h.Ullng the fed eral rontlt"! Ion " Just lit' I! -lines nnd Harlan both de livered .!!'. ntlng opinions and Justl-e White and lay concurred In Judg 'nrlnn'i views TtL' la. Involved In tlie case Is sc MoT 11( of the New York state latnr lai prescribing the hours of labor In ti i rles In the state. Ixh hner Is a bakr In the city of t'tlca and found guilty of ernilttlng an employe to work In bis bakery more than sixty heurs In a week and fined t'. The Judgment was attlrmed by the New York appellate court. The opinion dealt entirely with the constitutional question Involved. MADE A NIGHT ATTACK. Ruttl'n Wr Panie Stricken and Left Eight Dead en the Field. Toklo. April 1 The following of ficial teport waa Usued from the head quarter of the Japanese armies In Manchuria: "un the night of April 15 five squad ron of the enemy cavalry entered Han Yenchlng. on the Kaknman Onghu.t road. Our forea made ft night attai-k and repulse.) the enemy northward. Tha enemy wa pnle stricken and left eight dead on the lb-Id. Our ose wera two men killed. "Frequent collision between cavalry are. reported at varlrtua place. Cher- w'dV there ha been no material change In The altuatlon. Violent Break In Price. New York. April IS A violent hreik In price of Northern Securltle In curb atock Tuesday awakened fear of forthcoming disappointment of many speculative hope built on plan for dissolution of company. They finally rallied 10 polnM- Rtir a Chairman. rhlladelphla. April li t'nlted States Senator Penrose hna announco.1 that ha will retire a Republican atate chairman April !. the day the Itepub llcan Ute convention maet at Harrta-aurf MOORE ARRESTED. Charied With Att.mpt to Murder At aiitant Attorney Martin. Austin. April II. Quite a eenaatloa wa created Tuesday by tha filing ol a complaint In Juatlca J. D. Moore" j court charging District Attorney War ren W. Moore with an attempt ta mur der Assistant District Attorney II aw ard Martin. Tha offense la allsged ta have been committed last Haturday night at the Drlsklll hotel, where Moor Is charged with having assaulted Mar tin with a deadly weapon. Tha aaaault grew out of the trial of Moore for th alliged crime of accepting a bribe, on which charge he waa acquitted Martin waa the state leading coun sel. Moor waa arrested and furnished bond for hla appearance on April Zl A complaint waa also filed against Moore for carrying a ptatol. DIES ON STAND. Ttttifis ta a Conversation Purportarf ta Have Had With Wortham. Austin. April II The feature ot the Klrby-Vandervoort trial Tueda morning wa tha teatlmimy of Martin Iles of Kountaa. Ila testified a to a conversation which he had with V It. Wortham at Dallas In March, 1)01 when the latter said that Judge D. A. McKull had made the statement to Wortham that he (Mrriill) had receiv ed a sum of money from John II. Kir by for procuring the dismissal of th anti-trust casea. Judge Calhoun concluuded Ms tes timony. He declared that Mclwll had come to see him regarding Mcl'Ul.'t appointment a district attorney In the event an Indictment wa returned agilnst Moore and he waa convicted. A number of character wltnese were Introduced to show that lYank P. Glover's reputatl nowa bad. The defense attempted to Introduce a num ber of wltnesnes to show that KIrby' general reputation was good, when state's attorney made the ntlmlsMon that Klrby and Vandervnot' general reputation was rood up to the alleced commission of the nfreme The Mate however, would oof that M" Ir reputa tion was good nt the pr..nt time I'pon this ai1ml-lon by t' e . "at., xut court rulsd that It would 1 Uee consumption of lime to e i-i Ine anv character wltne.ej for Ki-I.y and V'anderviHirt Mr. .McFall. w idow of JioU- Mi I VI wa presi nt In court This Is the flrwt time that the woman bns been In attendance. Insurance Ta Bill Signed. Austin. April 11 Governor Iainhm signed the Insurance tax bill. A ther were only nliout ten senators present Tuesday morning senate hell no sen. Inn. STRAWBERRY SHIPMENTS. 6vn Solid Carload Wa Pint Day' Record of Smith County. Tyler. Tex. April 1 Seven solid car was the record for the first day ot shipments of the Smith county straw berry crop for lnj. Three left T)e r two I.lnd.ile and two Swan It Is es tlmated that during the twenty day eenxon over TOO cars will leave thl county, with an estimated valuation of ISO. too. As the south Texas cmr was ruined by exccx-lve rains. Smith county stand alone In rcpreentlnK much of Texas In th Industry tlili )enr Fred M Grove of Fort Wnrht ha filed xult In the Smith county district court agslnM the Cotton licit rallwav seeking IIO.ono damages, nlleKlng that while In the employ of defendant com pany he wa on Jan 9 la"t. nt Athena caiixht betwetn two draw heads and In jured so that It became necessary te amputate un arm PI IGHT OP PUGILIST. NEUTRALITY OBSERVANCE. Franc Will Tal Evry Precaution to See It I Not Violated. P.irK April IS The Fieri li gov-emm-i,t has t.ik'n every precaution tr secure "observance of neutrality ol French Indo. China, and to this end Instruction have bii-n sent to M I lean, govt timr general of In.lo-C'hln i. attain i ailing hi" attention to regula tions concerning observance of neu trality Isstn d at outset of the w ar These are Identical with neutrality rules In force during the SpanUh Amerlean war. Encyclical of Pop. Home, Ap"H IS The pope addressee! an encyclical to nil the members ot the floman Catholic episcopacy throughout the world on the manner of teaching the Christian doctrine. Unknown Steamer Anchored. Manila. April IX Two unknown steamers anchored In Iaiffnyan bay. Is land of I.uxon, about 130 tulles north of Manila bay. NEWS IN BRIEF. Commercial club ha been organlxd at Haskell, I. T. Pulgarlan band attacked a monas tery and fifteen of them were killed 8cventv-flve women, charged with vagrancy, were arrested at Marshall Tct. N II .m. ffl.m A 1-V ...ffl Winnebago Indian are dying by th core. J. If. and L. I, F-jrncaux of palla are shipping to Liverpool 400 Here ford rattle. Four miles east of Choteau. I. T.. In Grand river, James and Frank Vann boys, drowned. Itoston National League Has. h.il club bas been sold to Frank H. Dunr for over $ 300. 000. W. J. U of Weatherford. okla made a shipment of 141.360 eggs 401 cases, valued at IK.fio. Several hundred Finnish Socialist near Ited ImIkc. Mont., concemplaii establishing a colony In Cul u A bald cikIk ineiisuring five feet four Inches from tip to tip was kilted near Watauga, Tex., by I,. W Hryan ol Denton. A young negm man was Jailed at Marlln. Tex., charged with criminal aaaault on a girl of hi own racs clever yean old. Terry McCovern Suffering From Mental Nervouen. Ktamfoid. Corn.. April II. Terry McGovern, tha pugilist. who waa brought to tha Stamford Hall eanlta rlum Sunday night escaped from a keeper Mnnday afternoon while tak ing a walk on the ground of tba Insti tution. The keeper followed McCovern, but waa unable to overtake him. Word waaeent Immediately to the aaiiltarlum and a hunt waa made for McOovern. but without aucresa. Aside from no tifying the police, i watch waa kept at tha railroad atatlenln the belief that McOovern would board a train for Nw York. The fact that McOovern eaeaped from the aanltartum waa not made public until an hour and a baJf after he had disappeared, aa It waa thought be would be found. McGovern. according to the aanlta rlum physician, suffering from ner vousness, mental and physical exhaus tion, and It was expected ha would stay here for several month. It was stated by tha police that a man answering McOovern' description hoard'd a train bound for Htamfor at fprlngdalo on the New Canaan branch of the New York, New Haven and Hartford rallroud. and that ha came back hrre and later boarded a train for New York. la at Home. New York. April 1 Terry McOov ern. who escaped from a aanltarlum at Stamford. Contk. I at hla noma In Brooklyn, whrhe he I being cared for by hi wlf He will ba kept there about a week, when he will return to the aanltarlum. Immediately after hi escape he boarded a freight train and came directly to thla city. RED BOOK CHAPTERS. Considerable Matter of Interett Have Been Ad4d to Document. Washington. April II Additional chapters of the "red book" for 1901. made public nt the state department Tuesday. Include several edited and expurgated note between tht govern ment and Morocco, The Netherlands. Nicaragua, Costa Hlca and San Sal vador. CorresiMHidence with Morocco refer entirely to tha Perdlcarl Inci dent. The department I cautiously re fraining from making public any In teresting representation of American representatives at Tangier regarding tha political situation In that country. Following Is the official paraphrase nf the famous "Perdlcarl alive or Ita sull dead." sent by Secretary Hay last June, which made the Moroccan gov ernment produce Perdlcarl when even the presence of warship had not not availed: "Mr. Hay state this government want ivrdlcarla alive or lUsult dead. Further than this, the lease possible complication with Mo rocco or other power are desired. Mr fJummerra I Instructed not to arrange for landing marines or seizing custom house without department's specific Instruction." The correspondence show The Netherlands government refused t grant the request of the Washington government that it b allowed to sta tion opn er of tha Fnlte.I Stat pub lie health and marine hospital service at rorts of embarkation In The Neth erland to make medical Inspection of all persons l-tendlng to emigrate to the I'nlted States. The reason assign ed for refusal Is -at experience has shown American medlcul officers thus stationed "will assume mora author ity" LIST OF INJURED. Fully Fifty Boy Were Hurt In the In dianapob Disaster. Indianapolis. April 1 1 In the crush of newsl'os on the stairway of the Ma-onli' l.inl ding anxious to obtain flee sent i lucks for the performance at the I'nhpie thiatir. during which four were killed, the revised list of Injured ehows no fewer than fifty were more or less In Jund Of this number twenty-five are seriously crushed and the death list may lie changed. Many bo s who were unconscious when laken from the mas of humanity Jam med and heaped In the stairway soon revived and were uhle to go to their homes without assistance. Many lit tle fellows soil newspaper extras on the catastrophe and other went to the theater $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ ft $ 0 $ ONE-YEAR LEASE. Secretary of the Interior Has Been Petitioned ta Do This. Iaw'ton. April 18 County commis sioner have axked by resolution the secretary of the Interior to lease the 4S0.O00-acre Indian pasture reserve to cattlemen one yetr Instead of three. The commissioner of Indian affairs failed to lease the land recently be cause all bids were too low. Minimum price of 15 cent per acre were fixeiL He wilt readvertlse for bid to award leases before July 1, when the present lease expire. It I expected that Wag goner A Iturnett will bid on the entire reservation. A one-year lease will not prevent opening of lands for ettle ment by next congress. AGAINST AMERICANS. United State Fishermen Will B Ex cluded From Newfoundland Water. St. Johns. April II The upper house of the colonial legislature pass ed Premier Ilond's bill excluding American fishermen from Newfound land wter. The bill provides that American fishing vessel found wlth'n three mile of the roast of Newfound land with bait, supplies or outfit pur chased at anv other port of the Island will tie selied and forfeited, together w ith their cariroes The task of prov ing the supplies were not purchased In Newfoundland will be made to de volve Upon the captain of the vessel The bill was amended so a to permit suspension of It operation at the dis cretion ot tha government. The gov ernor's assent to the Mil Is expected before the end of the week. Extra inrii W M 3 f?2.jA-le OF THE CELEBRATED aBmER CAM LM u h no There is a very special reason for this extraordinary sale. It is a rare opportunity, and one that should be taken advantage of. Nothing but the newest goods in all the newest shapes apd materials will be offered. Aost of you arc wearing these corsets novv-to you little need be said you are our strongest advocates. It was for the purpose of familiarizing every woman of this city with the many merits of American Lady Corsets that the manufacturers allowed us to make this offer: BEGINNING MONDAY APRIL 17 and Continuing for Ten Days We will accept as 25 cents on the purchase price of each corset one coupon that is to say, during the above dates, you can secure a $1.00 corset for 75 cents, a $1.50 corset for $1.25, $2.00 corsets for $1.75, etc. Remember the AA1ERICAN LADY CORSETS have never sold for less than $1.00 and that it is a rare oc casion when you can buy this corset at a reduced price. ITV1 Or Offer ol CD m This coupon will be received tx twenty fire cents cuh on each purchase of an AMERICAN LADY corset, for week advertised. Onlr one iCiH coopon tture 00 e Purchase price of each corset m For the benefit of those who have failed to receive one of the green coupons, we reprint same; cut out and bring to the store M' $ $ $ $ W$ $ 0 0 0 0