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— * n * r -g~ î w VOL. XV-NEW SERIES. PORT GIBSON, MISS., FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 25, 1890. NUMBER 17. K T7'iclrs'b-cixg', 2wd&sslselppl* -WtlOLRHALK AND RKTAFL DIALES IN-— Foreign and Domestic Druers c ■IXED PAI1T8 PBOI PUTS TO OULOI8, White lead, boiled and raw linseed oil, lard oil, ncatsfoot oil, turpentine mil all kinds of lubricating oils. Window glass ail sizes cut to order. 20 7iarrets Tu tty. GO Turrets Lamp Tlach wim < i ; O. S. MASON, Druggist. POUT GIBSON, MISS. Opposite S. Bernheimer A Sons. Next Door to Exaes Bros. -XE1PS ON BAND A FBKSR SUFFL» OF Fitest Maas:. Toilet Articles, Moser;, Sides Seels, Etc., Etc, its, The Best Brands of Cigars and Tobacco Always on Hand. HAS. D. WHARTON, 1 -DEALER irv Staple - and - Fancy - Groceries 1 And General Merchandise. MiHNioNlppi. I'ort (til)Non, gent for tire 7". Du JDo*u.grla,s Slxoe e4us & Soworfey* (Nneceasora to HASTINGS' DRUG STORE.) At the Old Stand in the Person Building, - Denier« in PORT GIBSON, MISS lure Drugs, Medicines, Patent Medicine?, Oil? ■ Paints, Window Glass, Books aud Stationery, TOILET AND FANCY AUTICLEH. PHYSICIANS' PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY COMPOUNDED. J. W. PERSON, Cmuhier. L H. GORDON, President. PO RT HIBSON BANK, ZE^ort O-iTosoxi, 2sÆls&. 350 , 000 . Capital Stock, DIRECTORS: tÿ GORDON, *■« DRAKE, W. P. RICHARDHON, BYRON II. LEVY, J. McC. MARTIN N. H. WALKER T. M. HARDING, LEE ItlCIlAUDHOS Ju.. * C. D. WHARTON, O. W. WREELESA, 8. HCUILLIG, CORRESPONDENTS: VICKHBURG: Delta Trost and Banking Company - NEW ORLEANS: Union National Bank. NEW YORK: »er National Bank. V ill do A general bankiug business. Will pay interest on savings depoa ita. Will negotiate loans on real estate for any amounts. Special attention Hfheii to collections, payment of taxes,or any busiuesa entrusted to our care. EVANS BROS., »eery, Crain, Produce and Provision Dealers. Fancy and Staple Groceries IANY QUANTITY, at LOWEST MARKET PRICES. We Also Carry -A LINK OF Crockery and Glass Ware, Wood and Willow Ware, Hardware Ac. ——HIGHEST MARKET TRICE Sf-A-ID for COUNTRY PRODUCE. -The Public is Respectfully Invited to Visit Oar I 2nT e-w Seda ater Apparatus, And a Sharp of Tbeir Patron*;;« is Solicited. [my23:9m] dD . RBER SHOP, H. WASSEM, Proprietor, rt CHbnon, .TiiSk, [air Cutting and Shaving done with mess and diapatch. EL R.G. WHARTON pra Ida nroffasioiial service* to the jpla of Pint GiIhmmi and vicinity. OG I next door to Ira tcaideore. 'out G iHiMiN Fell. 16, 1888. ftf R. Im. A. SMITH. Resident Dentist, rt « Ills niofcaatonal services to Hie llic. Office over Goepel's kiuT Gibson. Jmi, 6. 18*8. IU ALL'S lent Rm f n»«. Umuinr Aveiy Phi«-, Blosal'« Tra- Bias I'lows, Hair« Orounil Plows. LEk RIOIIAKDaON ACO, EVON M. BARBER, Attorney at Law, PORT GIBSON, MISSISSIPPI WiU practice in tbe coarts of Claiborne and adjoining counties : also in tbe Hnpreme and Federal Courta at Jackson. Special attention Office up stairs ov to the collection of claims, er W m'a barber shop. E II. STILES. C. A. FRENCH. Stiles & French, A TTORNEY8-A T-LA If, Office in the Person Building Opposite Ryan's Shop. U AMDEBSO*. caaa. lb aaaoa ORS. ANDERSON h Le BARON, PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS Respectfully offer tbetr profe*sional service« to the citizens of Port Gikann aud vicinity. Port Gibson. June a), 'HO. (Ami The History of Mississippi. Our townsman, Mr. Martin, kindly permits the Reveille to publish the fo' lowing letter, which deals with a mat ter of general interest. We suggest that those of our older citizens, who may have knowledge of facts bearing on tho early history of the county, should write at once to Gen. Lowry or Maj. McCardle. Such co-operation would bring to light many interesting bits of history, and greatly assist these gentlemen in this patriotic work. Jackson, Miss., July 14, 1890. Hon. J. MoC. Marlin, Port Gibson, My Phar Sir:—I t may be known to you that Col. Wm. H. McCardle and myself are engaged in preparing the "History of Mississippi from its set tlement by thcFreuch to tha death of Jefferson Davis.'* In order to make it what it should bo we are compelled t appeal to our friends iu tho various counties to furnish us with material that will be literally invaluable iu our proposed work. It is our desire to rescuo from obliviou the names and memory of as noble a race of men and women as liavo ever adorned the an nals of auy country. For this purpose wc ask that you furnish us the names of tho early settlors of yout county— the meu who founded settlement what was then a wilderness. I beg that you give me also the names of the towns, railroads aud streams iu the county. Awaiting your reply for which I now thank you, I am > Etc, in Very Truly Yours, Robert Lowry. Tbs Lecture os Etching. For tha Reveille]. The managors of the Summer Lec tures may well feel gratified with the success of their first entertainment, which was held at the hospitable resi dence of Mr. J. W. Pcrsou. I feel no hesitaucy in pronouncing it a success in every way. At about a quarter past 8 o'clock the large hall was filled with an appreciative, intelligent ami atten tive audieuec; who listened with ea ger interest to tho lecture. Mr. Noll had selected tor his subject, "The Art of Etchiug," which ho handled in a most charming innuucr; giving first a brief history of tho art, by tracing its name hick to its Greek origin, he proved most conclusively that it is im possible to make au etching with pen ami ink <>u pnm-r, <>r with needle and 'bread on elot.% then lie gave the mo dus operandi by which nu etchiug is produced,—describing the preparation of the plate, the biting process, dry poiut, etc. Lastly by way of illustra ting what he had said, ho exhibited n number of etchings aud due engrav ings. 1 feel that I voice the sentiment of the entire audience wlieu I say that Mr. Noll deserves a vote of thanks for having afforded so much pleasure, as well as iustruction ; I am sure that no «ne who heard the lecture will fail now to a| 4 *reciate more fully this de lightful brauch of art. To Jlr. and Mrs. Pcrsou and their charming daughters, too mauy thanks cannot be given, tor the delightful manner iu which they eutertained the guest 8. The managers hope that every one will help to make their undertaking a success. They are certain there arc many in P. G. who can afford both pleasure and instruction by lecturing or reading; others who have large halls can help by throwing opeu thcic bouses to them, with the assurance that their hospitality will be appreciated. # • • The County School Book Adoptions. The teachers and school officers have adopted, in the past, the most popular and meritorious school books publish ed. The books in use are, with raro except ions, standard and improved,and are in satisfactory use in the schools. The pupils are supplied with them,and they are paid for. Obviously they ought to be retained. First, because, according to the verdict of the teach« ers, thoy are the best, and second, be cause it will involve the least expendi ture. According to the state superintend ent's report there aro 272,682 educablc children in the state. If each child has only one dollar's worth of books, there arc now in the bauds of pupils $272,682 worth of school books. To change all these books would be to cause our citizens to throw away over a quarter of a million dollars' worth of good books already paid for, and theu to require them to expend another quarter of a million to replace them with others. Any intelligent person cau readily see that this large expen diture can be saved by simply adopt ing the books in use. This would doubtless be done spou taueously and unanimously, but for tho Interference of agents of publish ing houses who are seeking to have their books adopted to displace those iu use. As an excuse for this action thev Lave adroitly set in inotiou tho charge that certain publishers have organized a trust, hoping that the scutiment a gain8t these combinations will kelp them to foist their hooks on the peo plo. The special object of these at tacks seems to be the American Book Company, for the reason we presume that this company publishes a large number of the books now in use in the Mississippi schools. As the result of an investigation in quarters whoro the facts are known, we have found that the American Book Company is a duly incorporated aud straightforward business enter prise, is uot a trust or trustee foj; oth er parties, but owns outright its plants and copy-rights, amt publishes its own books. It ran never have a mo Cl e it nopoly, because there are over one hundred and sixty firms and corpora, tious engaged in the same busincss Thoro has never boen a trust, save where it is possible to secure a mo nopoly. Let it be remembered then that all this talk comes from interested agents. I>et the school committee* pay no attention to them, nor take any stock in the petty prejudices they seek to a rouse. Should they succeed tho peo ple would be tho losers.. The books in use should not bo ehanged uuless for the weightier reas ons, and in no case at the instigation or through the intervention of rival book agents.— Abridged ftvm Brandon Republican. Poorly Paid Clergymen. Very fewr preachers over suecced in making money. When they do the religion generally oozes out as the dol lars como in, and they end by giving up ministerial work altogether. Meth odist preachers, particularly, are poor, and next to them in poverty are Bap tists. Tho majority of Methodist preachers in this country receive less than $600 a year, while the constant demands for charity greatly diminish their incomes. . Presbyterian clergy men are better paid, while church of Eugland ministers, both here and in Great Britain, roll iu wealth by com parison. Bishops of the Methodist church south havo $3,600 salary. Those of the church north have a little more, but none of them lays by anything. Bishop Warren, of the church north, is rich, having married tho widow of a ranchman iu Denver. But bishop Hendrix of the Methodist church south enjoys the distinction of being the richest bishop iu America, having in herited a fortune which by carctul management he has greatly increased. He has the reputation of being benev olcut. All the other southern Metho dist bishops are poor.— St. Louie Globe Democrat. Over-Exercise Causes Heart Disease. In all physical exercise it is the heart that is most directly affected, and it is on that organ that the con sequences of muscular exertion are most telling. The tendency, when exercise is persisted in, is for the heart to increase in size, and in ev ery athlete it becomes much larger than in the ordinary man. Consid er then what the result must be when the tyro begins to take vio lent exercise with ut long-contin ued previous training suitable to adapt the heart to its changed con ditions. Organic weakness is sure to ensue, and the ultimate result, if the severe exercise is continued, is likely to prove disastrous Patton, chief surgeon of the Sol diers' Home, at Dayton, said the other day that, of the 5,000 soldiers in the Dayton Home, "fully 80 per cent are suffering from heart disease in one form or auother, due to the forced physical exertion of their campaigns." And he made the pre diction that as large a percentage of the athletes of to-day will be found twenty-five years from now to be the victims of heart disease, result ing from the muscular strains that they undergo. As for tho likelihood of exercise to prolong life, it may be said that according to the statistics of M. de Solaiville there are more people liv ing in France to-day who have pass ed the age of sixty than there are in England,the home of athletic sports. And there is probably no nation in Europe more averse to muscular cultivation for its own sake than the French. Great athletes die young, and a list of Oxford rowing men published a few years ago snowed that a comparatively small per centage of them lived out the allot ted lifetime. Dr. Jastrow has de monstrated that men of thought live on an average three and a half years longer than men in the ordinary vocations of life, and nearly eight years longer than men of action; among whom are included the athletes. And it is a noteworthy fact that women, who until recent years have taken no physical exer cise at all, die at a more advanced age than men. But doubtless their superiority in regard to tenure of life will come to an end if they fol low the advice of Dr. Richardson, who, in a lecture before the Ladies' Sanitary Association ot London, is reported to have "declared it essen tial, as a matter of principle, that ight hours a day should be devot cTto exercise."— N. Y. Star. Dr. Cl e The longest bridge in the world, according to the Zeitschrift for Trans, portwesen is tbe Lion Bridge in Chi no. This spans an arm of tbe Yel low Sea, which reaches far into the interior near the city of Sangang.and has a length of 435 railos. It was built by order of the Emperor Kieug Long, who abdicated the throne in 1796 on account of old Age. The roadway lies 75 feet above tbe aea level, and is guarded by iron ratlings, the structure being carried by 3Ui) stone arches. It takes its name from the fact a that a huge stone lion, twen ty-one feet long, is placed upon each pier, the lions being cut from single nieces of marble. The Chinese call it the "Wonder of the World.'' Tbe evils resulting from habitait coatirent-aa are many and serious ; bnt tbe use of harsh, drastic purgatives is quite as dangerous. In Ayer's Pilla, however, the patient has a mild but effective aperient, superior to all others es pecially for family use. Satan. Bat, bringing np the rear of this bright boat, A Spirit of a different aspect wared Hi« wing«, like tbnnder-cloada above «orne oneat Wboae barren beach with freqnent wrecks is pared; HI« brow was like the deep when tempest-tossed Fierce and anfatbomable thoughts engraved Eternal wrath on bis Immortal face, And where be gazed a gloom pervaded «pace. — Byron. The Wind and Stream. A brook came stealing from lie ground ; Yon acarcoly saw its silvery gleam Among the herbs that hnng around The borders of the winding stream, The pretty stream, the placid stream, The softly-gliding, bashful stream. A breeze came wandering from the sky, Light as the whispers of a dream ; He put the o'erhanging grasses by, And softly stooped to kiss the stream, Tho pretty stream, the flattered stream. The shy, yet unreluctant stream. The water, as the wind passed o'er, Shot upward many a glancing beam. Dimpled and quivered more and more, And tripped along a livelier stream, The flattered stream, the simpering stream, The fond, delighted, silly stream. Away the airy wanderer flow To where the fields with blossoms teem ; To sparkling springs and rivers bine. And left alone that little stream, The flattered stream, the cheated stream, The sad, forsaken, louely stream. That careless wind came never back ; He wanders yet the fiplds, I deem, But, on its melancholy track. Complaining went that little stream, The cheated stream, the hopeless stream. The ever-murmuring, mourning stream. — Bryant. Letter From Kentncky—Chattanooga Reunion. Dear Reveille : Ever since returning to Kentucky I have been figuratively lying outside the breastworks with my car to the ground iu tho confident expectation of receiving ray country's cal! ; but either the country is very unappreciative and slow about articulating, or the listen er's auditory apparatus has slipped a few cogs, for, would you believe it, not a whisper has reached me yet. Let this be urged in extenuation of this letter, then : nobody knows but that I may present myself to the tin* terrified democracy of Claiborne, some day, as a fit subject for the legislature or coroner and ranger, especially ran ger, and It is very necessary that the people's memory should be jogged occasionally, even if it be by my own sharp stick. Under the circumstances there can be no couccit or immodesty in thrusting these lines upon you, and if the capital "1" creeps in to an un usual extent, the dear people will please remember that the use is in a Pickwickian sense, and for no more uuworthy motives than thoso Attribut ed to the average prospective legis lator. N. B.—Tills is a joke, I think : I cannot stop to point out my witticisms as I go along ; if you do not under stand tiieni send me a stamped envel ope and I'll mail you a diagram. You have doubtless read more or less complete reports of the great Con federate re-union at Chattanooga on July 3rd, 4th and 6th, which is the forcruuner of aunual celebrations in tended to continue until the stock of veterans becomes exhausted. Mr. Ley burn and I reachod the city in time to witness the bost of the program on the 4th,—tho 6th bciug devoted to vis iting battle-fields aud other points of interest outside the city. Such a gath ering of the remains of the Confeder ate forces was never beforo held. The entire south poured out a flood of representatives that filled this Gateway to the Gulf. Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and even Illinois, Ohio and Indiana, shared in the glories of tho day. While the procession, which was intended to include all the veterans, numbered probably no more than two thousand, the city itself was one com pact mass of humanity, variously esti mated at from twenty-six to thirty-five thousand. The decorations were very elaborate. Market street, in particu lar, bocame conspicuous for its exten sive and magnificent drapings. In it all one searched in vain for a glimpse of the CONQUERED BANNER. In no quiet retreat, in no half-hid don street, in no private lawn— nowhere did tho Stars and Bars catch tho sum mer brocze. National colors every where. Not an emblem but the Stars and Stripes. Ex-rebcls of the deepest dye qnickonod step and marched as proudly to national airs tinder tri-col ored bunting as they ever did to the strains of immortal Dixie.. Hands that twenty-five years ago, though maimed and bleeding, found strength to tear that banner from its fastenings and ram it into tho hostile cannon's mouth, now bore it through the streets in stately pride. The absence of the Confederate flag has occasioned most favorable comment at the north, and thus has achieved its probable object. Chattanooga is a Yankee to\vn, with usually a govern mont controlled by is ; the Republicans, and, to say tha least, it would have been bad taste to flaunt the Stars and Bars in the faces of those who bear it such an implacable hatred that but a few years ago they were miming from it. Resjicct for the United States flag does not presnp pose lack of reverence for the Confed crate; but it is well to let the fallen banner rest, entwined with fadeless garlAids of heroic deeds and glorious memories ; its folds, bathed In the noblest blood of our dear Southland, are too sacred for the vulgar gaze. Chattanooga is evidently unaccus tomed to handling great crowds, Market street, where the procession formed, was allowed, early in tho day, to'become packod from end to end with carriages, wagons, and peoplo on foot, each armed with an umbrella, as a guard against the hot sun, instead of being kept clear from curb to curb to furnish the troops room to manoeuvre. As it was, when the head of the column finally moved, after delay of over two hours, a company of mounted policemen, riding in advance, could scarcely force open a path wide enough for the sweltering men to march through. In fact, so closely were spectators and troops miuglcd that but for the uniforms one could not have been distinguished from the other. Gen. Gordon, Gen. Kirby Smith. Gov. Taylor, Mr. Leyburn aud myself, and other distinguished geutlemcu, reviewed the procession from the in terscctiou of Market and a small side street. The first named gentleman were on horse-back, while Mr. Leyburn and I, through the inefficiency of the livcry stables and some strange over sight on the part of the authorities of the city, were compelled to perch up on the rim of the wheel of an ordinary delivery-wagon hitched at the curb stone. Enemies have tried to magnify into a coolness between Geu. Gordon and myself, the circumstance of his gettiug ahead of me at the livery sta ble aud my getting ahead of him at the barber-shop aud gettiug the first wipe on the clean towel, but you may be assured noth'mg of tho kind exists, I kuow the General felt badly about the towel, as its dampness afforded but small relief to his pcrspiriug bald head, but I have his word that he will heartily support me for legislator and ranger in case tho Uuterrified casts its wall-eye my way. The greatest on thusiasm prevailed among the old aol diers as brigade after brigade swept past and recoguizcd us. The cheering and yelling, and dipping of colors ; and waving of umbrellas, and tooting of horns, kept us bowing aud smiling until tho muscles of our neck assumed a painful rigidity and our smiles grad ually changed into petrified grins, The two generals and the governor experienced considerable difficulty in managing their prancing steeds and raising their bats at the same time, while the two gentlemeu performing on the unicyclos spent most of their time in mid-air, the horse attached to our wagon having a charming habit of wheeling the reviewers off every timo a band carao along. In this way we wheeled into lino ofteuer than any body else. The Rebel yell resounded every whero. Notwithstanding the absence of their ensign not a few of the old fellows in my viciuity gave unmistak able evidences of being still in the ranks. I heard one woman remark ing how sad it made her "to see them old rebels hobbling along there but a moment afterward she stiffened her backbone, threw back her head, and moved off majestically, exclaiming, «but I I a GLORY IN THKIR 8PUNK V* From the balcony of the Reed House, and out at the teat, the speewhos were made. Here, as in the flying of the national colors, moderation and good sense prevailed. It was pleasant to note the absence of slobbering over our northern frieuds, to which wc are, I think, too much addicted. While the speakers were careful to emphasize our being in the Union, our satisfac tion at being in, and our iutention of being in to stay, there was a dignified, manly commemoration of the glories of the Confederate arms, and a gen eral intimation that we have nothing to take back. Even body could un derstand that we havo done nothing of w hich we are ashamed, and that if our northern brothers cannot take ns with all oar just pride in the past, they «an do as Mrs. Leeks suggested if tho Dusantes did not like her arrangement of iho mouey imho «,n K »r-J,r-lbcy _ * _ * . f. cau "lump us." Certainly this is as it should be. Let's have no more slob bering and fawning over anybody. If investors want to come south and increase their wealth, they already understand, if they have any sense, that a cordial welcome awaits them. We have a land that will repay a thousand fold every cent that is put iuto it, and we must lay all sentiment aside and meel all business men, from whatever quarter they come, in a busi w ay, and deal with them on business principles alone. To dispose of mines, establish factories, build railroads, and open up lands, do not requiro us rake up our soldiers' boues or sacrifice our self-respect, and lot's stop it. Neither side has any excuse for fumbling in tho folds of the rotten bloody-shirt. Our side was conquered twenty-five yoars ago ; tho flag went down with out a stain of dishonor, and, like the • woman at Cbattauooga, we all glory in the spunk of those who carried it. ïf this does not sit well on the im* perial stomach of any prospective in vestor, let him pass on to plaees whose history is more digestible. Even those miserable politicians at Washington who are striving to force on us that iniquitous force bill, should be dealt with charitably should they way. To prove to them and their agents that their methods and pres ence aro undesirable will doubtless be *«* easy Job, without giving them a taste of the w armth of those regions to which they are swiftly racing, The afternoou was spent by the crowd iu varions pleasant ways. Some visited the Cvclorama of the battles of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, but by far the larger number ascended the mountain itself, party had a glimpse of both. Wo were in to work the town to its full capaci ity. The dangerous-looking inclined plane railroad whisks one straight up the rugged heights, giving an ever widening and expanding prospect uu til the arrival at the summit spreads out the most magnificent pworama conceivable. Did you never happon upon sonic piece of nature's work whose very grandeur blunted the pow er of speech? Have you never real izod that all the wealth of all the lan guages from the foundation of tho world aro powerless to oxpross what at that moment you fool ? Well, that was my condition ; that's my condition yet, and if I were able to bring to bear all those languages I have spoken of, you wouldn't understand w'bat they meant, and tho splendor of Lookout's view would be lost after all. Lookout Mountain inn, costing anywhere from one-half to a million dollars, I should Judge, is now fully completed. From Its tower, Mr. Loyburu aud 1 had the satisfaction of gazing iuto eight states, including the state of matrimony, rep resonted by a bridal couple. Some ot tho states visible from the tower may have gotten away during our ascent of the long, tiresome stairs, but I am pretty sure you can see seven. In do ending tho mountain we took the real railroad, and wound down grad ually instead of letting go all holds and dropping, as the incliuc iovos to do. At night the Tennessee river and banks, near the encampment, were brilliantly illuminated, aud a fine dis of fireworks made. Our party was tired that *0 enjoyed this from » distance, on the cool gallery of tho Hotel Stanton. Here 1 enjoyed, also, bearing the rcmiaisccncos ot a gentlc ,n *u from Missouri, who was on Geu. 8. D. Lee's staff during tho war, and was present at the death of Gen. Al bert Sidney .Johnston. This gentle* man,whose name escapes me, surprised u ® with the statement that, to his per sonal knowledge, General grant was a oonkkdhkath ear ly in tho war, and made a strong effort to obtain command of a company forming for service under the southern Failing in this, tho subsequently great leader of the Federal forcoa, ac cepled the command with which he entered the Union army. I am sorry now I did not press this gentleman for further details, but I had not this letter in view then. Did you ever hear this before ? All the party on the gallery seemed surprised, so that if it is to be charged to my iguoranco there are lots of other fellows iu tho same box. Well, well, to what a length bave I drawu this letter! I am almost afraid to ofler to send aown a few notes on «oms our Our Nearly one-half of the total expendi tures of th« Federal government is for the support of th« pensioners of the government This is a tax of $1.2*> per month on avoir family offi»c per sons. How do the wage earners and fanners ]ike ^ 0 f ^tributm this beautiful bluorgrass country; but if any of your subscribers survive and kindly remain on your list, you may possibly hear from me again. Till theu, as the French would say, resci'cuir. J. M. A. Parla, Ky., July 16,1890. 3 this money to increase the income men equally able with themselves to earn tbeir own living; for no person pretends the pensioners ane all unable to earn a living.— Orleans Hew Delta. Children Cry for Pitcher's Cestoria.