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— - .I . r -I h r 1 n 4* AJ y -rrr VOL. XV-NEW SERIES. PORT GIBSON, MISS., FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 8, 1890. NUMBER 19. T7"lcl«3'b'uxgr, ^Mississippi, -WHOLESALE AND EETAIL DEALER IN--— Foreign and Domestic Drugs lira FAUT! riOl NfTI T» GALLOIS, White lead, ladled aud raw IHmeed oil. lard oil, neatsfout oil, turpentine aud sll kinds of lubricating oil*. Window glass all sizes cut to order. 20 'Barrets Tulip. ~>0 Barrets Lamp Black 8 k it ; r Wx <9 C. S. 1MA.S02ST, DinjLggist. PORT GIBSON, MISS. Opposite S. Bernheimer 4 Sons. Best Door to Evans Bros. -KEEKS OK BAKU A VSEKU Itltll OK — Inn. Flint Mem Wit tales, Stationery, Sirin Satis, Etc., Etc. The Best Brands ofOigara and Tobaoco Always on Hand. CHAS. D. WHARTON, DEALER 1IV Staple - and - Fancy - Groceries And General Merchandise. MiNNlNHlppi. Port C4il>Non, ügent for tire "^7". X-». IDoirgrlsis Slroe ftedua A Sowevby » (Unnwri Ui HA8TINGSC DRUG HTOKE. ) At tho Old Stand in tho Person Building, ] )enl«*t H in PORT GIBS0B. MISS Pure Drugs, Medicine?, Patent Medicine?, Oil?, l'aiuts, Window OI«*s Books and Stationery, TOILET AND FANCY AUT1CLKN. I'HYSICIlWr PRESCHIITIONS CAREFULLY COMPOUNDED. t. W. PERSON. Cashier. J. H. GORDON, I're«uUiit. PORT HIBSON BANK, JPoxt O-lloson, IL/flSS. 350,000. Capital Stock, DIRECTORS: J. MoT. MARTIN N. 8. WALKER W. P. RICHARDSON, P. M. HARDIN«. LEE KJGUAUD80N Ja, RYKON IL LEVY. C. D. WHARTON, i. II. GORDON, E. H. DRAKE, il. W. WHEELERS, H. HCHILLIO, CORRESPONDENTS: VICKSBURG: IMU Trust end Hanking Company NEW ORLEANS: Utiiou National llank. NEW YORK: Hanover National Hank. Will do a general banking business. Will pay interest on saviogs depos its. Will negotiate loans on real estate for any amounts. Special attention given to collections, payment of taxes,or any business entrusted to our care. EVANS BROS. Grocery, Grain, Produce and Provision Halers. Fancy and Staple Groceries IN ANY QUANTITY, at LOWEST MARKET PRICES. \Ve Also Carry ■A LINK OF Crockery end Glass Ware, Wood end Willow Ware, Hardware 4 c. -HIGHEST MARKET PRICE P>^lID lor COUNTRY PRODUCE. -Tbs Public i* Respectfully Invited to Visit Our Soda Water jA.pparatus, [my as :3m] And a Share of Their Patronage is BoUcHed. BARBER SHOP, H. WASSEM, Propriety, »fff«*. f*. rt Uibson, Hair Cutting and Shaving done with neatness and dispatch. DK. R.G. WHARTON Offers Ilia tirofesMomil services to the people of I'oit tjiUaon aud vicinity. Of* tice next door to Ida residence. Fort Giiison Feb. 16. 1888. nr DR. X». A. SMITH. Resilient Dentist, Offt-r* his nrofesslonal services to the public. Office over Goep*Tn. Port Gibbon. Jhii, 6. 1888. 11/ H ALL'S Lone Star Flow«, (lenmne Avery Plow«, Mount'« Tro» Blue ' low». Had'« LEt RICHARDSON A CO. hen Giottuü Plow*. EVON M. BARBER, Attorney at Law, • PORT OIB80.V, MISHI-SIPFI Will prartic* in tb« court« of Clafhnrti« and adjoining eountica : also in tbe Hu prune and Federal ( * wirte at Jackson. Htwcial attention Office up «taira ov to th« rolU-ctwffl of claim«, er Vawin'i barber »bop. E IL 8TILR8. C. A. FRENCH. Stiles & French, A TTORXEYS-A T-LA TT, Office in the Person Building Opposite Ryan's Shop. U «KDEBSOK. «'Has. lk sa bon DRS. ANDERSON i Le BARON. PH Y SI CI A NS A ND SURGEONS Respectfully offer their profeaaional tervices to the citizen» of Port Gibson and vicinity, Port liibaon, June 20, '90. [Aen] Th« Ideal and the Real Indian. The American Indian of to-day in thus discussed by Elaine Goodale, who is a teacher at one of the Indian reser vations : The ideal Indian is tall, finely formed, athletic and graceful. He walk- with the free step befitting a son of the forest, lives royally on choice game and wild fruits, quaffs the s|iarkling spring, and fills his lungs with deep draughts of pure air. Ilia strength seems some times almost superhuman, and his en duranee is amazing. We turn from this picture to look with incredulous pity upon the actual Indian of to-day, witfi his narrow chest and stooping shoulders, puny arras and delicate hands, sitting over a red-hot stove in an unventuated cabin, and swallowing unlimited strung coffee. He can not cut half a curd of wood on a cold day without exhaustion, and if he plows a dozen fiirrows in the spring the chances are tliat the red stream gushes from his lips and warns of almost cer tain death. When the ambassador the eastern school comes to the agency for children, how few an- able to i#iss the physician's examination nianv of* the most promising youth die rs many ot the most promising youtn t at school or u|*m their return home ! People learn with surprise of the great sickness and mortality among Iu aians on reservations to-day. "Why is it?" they ask ; "whv is not the average Indian healthy ? We supposed him to he. above all things, a vigorous animal." The Indians themselves answer the question with^t stem and sad arraign ment of our civilization, at least so far as it has affected their lives. "Before the white man came." exclaims tlie old man, wrapped in his blanket like a shriveled inumtnv. gesticulating with his skinny hands; "before tlie white mau cauic, we were strong—we were alive! We lived in tents, we moved constantly from place to place. We ate good meat of buffalo and juicy venison, we drank pure water. Our young men never coughed, the blood never sprang from their lips ; our girls had not these great swellings on their necks and these pale faces. The these things. He brought us the flesh liscased cattle, hail bacon, tlie coffee that takes away our strength. We sit in the white man's houses and cat these things, and we die like tlie dogs! There are no okl men and women now-a-days : tlie very children are dying!" Tlie dreadful thing abou this charge is its truth. The physicians who have lived among the Indians and studied their phvsique and the conditions under which they live, sill tell you substan tially tho same story—there were no traces of scrofula and consumption, the f*arful scourges of to-day, among tlie Indians of the olden time. The transi tion period of civilization—the change; from airy' teepes to close cabins, from warm clothing of skins to shoddy blan kets and sleazy calico, from wholesome food to diseased meat and ill-made bread, the excessive use of c<iffee and other evils incident tot!ii< lieriod ; among some tribes strong drink—these have ruined tlie pristine vigor of tlie aborig inal man ! white man brought us of Suggested by President Johnson. When the constitutional convention assembled at Jackson, August 12, lHdô, president Johnson sent Gov. Sharker a telegram expressing his gratification that the convention had been organized without difficulty, and giving this ad vice as to its action : "If you could expend the elective franchise to all persons of color who ean read the constitution of the United States in English and write their names, and to all persons of color who own real estate valued at not less than $250 and ray taxes thereon, you would complete ly disarm the adversary and set an ex ample the other states would follow." So it will be seen that president Johnson, in 1865, recommended the suffrage plans which are freely discuss ed now—-education and property. Then were only to apply to negroes, who not had conferred upon them the right of the elective franchise Now it is proposed by some to adopt an educa tion or property qualification for the voter, while others favor a combination of both. The suggestion of President Johnson were not adopted, and the convention of 1867 declared that no property or educational qualifications shall ever be required for electors, and that this latter provision should not be amended before the year 188.5. The limitation having expired, there will be nothing to hamper the action of the convention to meet Aug. 12th.— Clarion-ledger. they had Boys and Tobacco. Investigation has shown that 50 per ceut of the boys in the Minne apolis schools smoke tobacco, and the majority of the smokers are among the boya of the poorer classes. The boys that smok^ are tlie worst stu dents. A growing person e moot use tobacco without paying the pen alty in arrested physical and mental development To many adults, to bacco in any form is a poison. To the person that has uot attained h s growth, the effect of tobacco is nlwayB injurious, and all the more more (lau gerous because of its insidious effects. — Exchange. Have we aov truly great men at the prJkent day? Son» doubt it, and a»k to be «howu tbe modem Waahlngtoa, Franklin, or Webster. However thi* may be, of one thing we are eure, there never wu a greater blood purifier than Ayer'» Baraapariila. Meilen C<de, the London currespon dent of the Cira y une, writing about A Fearful New Weapon. the peace conference tliat lately met in that city, says : Tho great practical problem Ix f.re English speaking method w hereby i English speaking men is to devise some method whereby all differences between the various English-speaking communi ties may be submitted to the arbitra ment of law and common sense, instead of being left to he dealt with by politi cians. If we keep the English-speak ing world at fteace it (hies not matter very much that we fail to secure the i disarmament of continental armies. If, on the other hand, we «annot establish a permanent su agree to bow, we may as well spare o irselves the trouble of perorating ek> qoentiv upon the coming advent of the Uni tea States of Europe, So far as the continental nations are concerned, I feel more dis upon the Gerrard gun, w oftjried at the h a permanent supreme tribunal to whose decision all the English-speaking states posed to rely hich is to be uarters of the London v, than upon all the resolutions of the Westminister confer ence. When war means certain death to all who fight, war will end, and every improvement in weapons brings us nearer to general disarmament. If all be true that is claimed for the Gerrard gun, it wfll advance us a long way to ward tlie millennium ; for it will in six months make all the rifles and cannon into old iron, abolish gunpowder and revolutionize war. M. Gerrard, a French inventor, has produced a gun which shoots by con densed carbonic acid gas. You pull a trigger, one drop of the condensed gas euters the chamlier of the gun. It is instantly reconverted into gas. and the pressure drives out the bullet with a velocity coutinually accelerated until it leaves the muzzle. M. Gerranl claims that vou can fire, without stopping to reload, 800 bullets, one after the other, with the carbonic acid condensed in a small cylinder twelve inches long. Tliere is no flash, no report no smoke, n > recoil, and no heat Invisible death can be rained out upon the enemy at 1300 yards' range, without any sign be ing afforded him of the position Irom whence the bullets come. The gas necessary to propel the 900 bullets costa oik* penny. It is perfectly safe against accidental explosion, and is proof against fire and water. If the experiments justify the claims of the inventor, gun powder will join the bow string and the catapult. Aned at the headou Scottish tm Friaa Moltke on Beer. At home and abroad Count Von Moltke has long been quoted as the thor of tlie sentiment. "Beer is Germa ny's Worst Enemy." A temperance publication in Dresden recently asked tho field marshal to give its readers a little lecture from this text. His an au swer was : "I never said beer wa« Germany's, worst enemv. On the contrary. I have alwavs wished that a good light heer could be given to our people for less money than they now pav. The price at or even 2 l cents (for about half pint) is too high. In South Germany they drink the less expensive cider. A ith us in North Germany, unfortunately, only schnaps is cheap. I drink neither beer nor brandy, but regard the abolishing of the use of spir ituous liquors as neither possible nor de sirable. Especially are they necessary where quick, exhausting work is done; for instanoe, on the battlefield, where the strength of the men must be occa sionally stimulated, if only for a short time. Dangerous to the country is alone the abuse of alcohol that unfortunately prevails among us. A healthy man under ordinary circumstances neeus no such tonic, and the use of it for chil dren is absolutely sinful. The same is true of savages, who are the same as children. My desire is that coffee, tea and light beer become cheaper and brandy become dearer.— Ex. a Infection in Chewing Gum. The practice of chewing gum has become very widespread. It is not a very elegant habit ; to many it is posi tively repulsivè. and there are sources of danger, too, that should not be over looked. A case in point was related to few days ago. Diphtheria broke out in a family in East Des Moines. Atter the child had recovered, the clothinjg and all the exposed articles fully disinfected, the parents, with the convalescent .child, visited some rela tive« in the country. The indispensa ble chewing gum, like Satan went also —in the mouth of the little child. Prompted by generosity it allowed its county cousins—two children—to chew the gum previously chewed by the vis iting child In three or four days with out anv other known source of infection than the chewing gum the two children were silmultaneously stricken down with diphtheria in a most serious form. — Exchange. UR ;i The tales which the owners of the Maryland and Delaware and New' Jer sey peach orchards tell are quite pathet I nstead of 5O,000 to 100,000 bas kets of peaches a day, there is hardly a single basket. California is the only source of supply excepting a small quan tity from Georgia. New Jersey may scrape out 500 or 600 baskets, and this will he all. The cold spell in March did the businees. 1C. Ah eoon as you discover any falling ot tbe hair or graynee« alwaye uae Hall'» Hair Renewer to tons up the secretion« «od prevent baldueea or greynea». STRUGGLE OF THE RACKS. Which Will Gain Mastery is Afrioa, Black or White ? South Africa is the only country where, in a temperate rlimUte admir ably suited to both, the European and the negro are engaged in a struggle for mastery mid for occupatiou of the land, uot by force of arms, but by the silent proc-css of nut lirai selection. The conflict is going on, and the result is uot so certaiu as those who bcloug to the superior race could w iah it to bo. lu the West Indies the negro has won, but there the climate was agaiust the Kuro|>catM. In the southern states of America the same battle I« going on, but there 60,000,000 of Europeans surrouud 7, 000,000,of negroes, aud yet even under these conditions the question is full of difficulty. In south Africa, says the Fortnightly Review, half a million of Europeans live in the midst of 3,000,00) black folks, who are backed up by a great reservoir of barbarism, from which re lu forcements in the shape of laborers are constantly beluga pushed down to the south to share the means of sub sistence with the black, white and brown races already on the soil. The natives, under tho peace kept by the Europeau*, increase, apart from the immigration mentioned above, ac cording to the evidence of statistics far more rapidly than does the white population. They drift into and fill up the coun try in a silent way that can only lie compared to the flowing of the tide. Fifty years ago Natal and tho territory now known as the Trausvaa! Republic were wildernesses, depopulated by the Zulus, who had destroyed mau, wo man aud child in their rnthlcss forays. Now there arc 400,000 natives in Natal, and at least a million in the Transvaal, outnumbering the whites by ten to one. In Cape Colour the struggle is better maintained, but even there the increase ot the black and the brown races is very marked. Something About Friendship. The talk of making frieuds is a mis use of language. Friends are found, not made. • They are a discovery, not a creation, says the London Saturday Review. Auv friendship worth the uamc is a predestined and foreordain ed affair. It Is not a matter of ration *1 choice but rather of magnetism and temperament. We make pleasant ac quaintances by exercising self-control, generosity and courtesy ; but a friend is found, not made. Friendship is un changing and eternal in its very es sence. It can bear friction, annoyance or pain and yet spring up agaiu with even new vitality. Such friendship is a gift of the gods and it is not com monly found, l'oople talk lightly aud carelessly enough of their frieuds, when they do not know the meaning of the word, when they are not them selves the stuff that frieuds are made of, and kuow not the strength and de votion and sacrifice that the word com prebends. To exchange calls ; to be member» of the same church; or to have views in common regarding the Wagner operas aud Ibson dramas, is by no means friendship. There are plenty of people, fitted out with sub stantial qualities and pleasing attrib utes, who till well the place of acquain tances. Of friends, in any genuine sense, one cau inevitably have but few. Kveu one is quite enough to make lifo beautiful aud redeem H from materi alism. And even one is more than, perhaps, the majority of people possess. That life is rich which holds oue perfect friendship, iu which mu tual sympathy is almost mutual clair voyance, and in which sacrifice would bo a personal luxury, if done for the good of one another. Trust and ten derness arc the two factors ot this finest and most sweet of social rela tions. Its strength Is tho ouc great stimulus of life; it is inspiration. We can do for our frionds that which we could not ilo for ourselves; we cau rise with him, or for him, to heights otherwise unknown. Nutt for Criminal Lawyers. Prisoner was being tried for murder; evidence against him purely circum stantial ; part of it a hat found near the scene of the crime; sworn to as the prisoner's. Counsel for the de feusr, of course, made much of the commonness of the hat. "You gentle men, no doubt each of voo, possess such a hat, of the most ordinary make and shape. Beware how you condemn a follow creature to a shameful death," and so ou. So tbe man was acquitted. Just as ho was Icaviug the dock, with the most touching humility and sim plicity, he pulled his hair and said : "If you please, my lord, may I 'ave my 'at ?"— Cornhill Magazine. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. Chrietiana at the Danoe. Bishop Vincent, of the Methodist Kpiecopnl church,received a letter (Vom a young woman prominent in society recently upon the subject of daucing. In her letter the said she had been re ceived into the Methodist church, yet she was foud of danciug, and, more over, was coustnntly brought iuto cou tact witli those who did dance. She could not forego tiie pleasure of dau cing, siio wrote, uuiess bishop Vincent instructed her to do so. The letter which he wrote in reply treated the vexed subject in a thor ough and comprehensive manner. His quotation of authorities is apt and do the point. The letter has received some publicity, aud parts of it are here reproduced. The bishop says : "The great lion-faced orator. Daniel Webster, when asked why be did not dance, replied; *1 have not brains e nough.' Thackeray, tho great novel ist, has writteu : 'When a man cou fesscs himself tond of dancing I set him down as a fool.' A. ('. Coxe,Epis copal bishop of New York, has said: 'Ala* I that women professing to fol low Christ and godliness should not rally for the honor of their sex and drive these shameful dances from so f■ nil Hamilton has written: is to of ciel y 'The thing is of its very nature uu ciemi, and cannot be washed. The very pose of the parties suggests ini purity."' Bishop Vincent also quotes one of the most fair-iniuded of Congregation al pastors in New England, who says: "Fashionable dances as now carried on are revolting to every feeling of del icacy and propriety, and are fraught with the greatest danger to millions." In his owu opinion aud ot his own. knowledge bishop Viuccut says : "It is not the rattle one hears in tlie neighborhood of a snake that he ob jects to. A child might play with it. The dance is tlie rattle, but thednuger is iu the fangs and the poison. Its as sociations and tendencies must eoinc into the count. Now, in the dance tliere must be at some point a peril,or so many wise and good people would uot have written, taught and preached against it. It has been said ; 'To the pure all tilings arc pure,' lint alas, who are the pure, and how many such are there! Let those dance who will; the humble, earnest, consistent Christian who desires to consecrate his or her every word and act to Christ will deem it wrong and inconsistent to dance." — N. Y. Tribune. A Home Thrust. Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, in the Au gust Forum, puts the seal of condem nation on low-neckcd dresses, saying that decent women have ucver dressed •o indeceutlv in our ceoturv as they do in fashiouable life to-day. Wc should like to throw dowu the gaunt let to tlie women of America. "De fend these immoralities ! Speak up for yourselves, it you can P 1 do uot believe fhat two reputable women in the land would dare publicly to de fend the styles of undress which uow disgrace our sex. The time has come for such a protest against this abomi nation as will sinite womeu to tho dust for shame. Enter auv fashiouable drawing-room aud look for yourselves Think of it, you high-born ladies— think of it. A lady representing one of tho "best" families iu the state, her self a queenly, home-loving matron, the mother of grown sous aud daugh ters, wears her dress—but my pon shrinks from writing what this high bred lady docs. There is no life of concealed dishon or, uo intrigue, no shoddy birthright, no fast and loose views of duty. The woman is otherwise immaculate. How explain this ethical enigma? Are our ladies morally iusane, or mentally ? Do they know what they arc doiug? And if not, why not? How shall we characterize the too-low corsage, with nothing for a slecvo ? The lower bod ice with no sleeve at all? Nudity cov ered by trauspareucy ? Aud what is known as the V-baek? They arc be low excuse, as they are beyond ex planation. The Vitality of the Snail. The snail is blessed with very great powers of vitality. A case is recorded of an Egyptian desert snail which came to life upon being immersed in warm water after it had passed four years glued to a card iu tho British Museum. Some sperimeus iu tho collection ot a naturalist revived after they had ap parently been dead tor fifteen years, and snails frozen for weeks to gether in solid blocks of ieo have re covered on being thawed out. The eggs of this creature are as hard to destroy as himself. Tboy seem per fectly indifferent to freezing, aud have been known to prove productive «fier having been shriveled up in nn oven to the semblance of grains of sand.— Longmans Magazine. A Well Meant Warning. Not long ngo, I saw n young man come out of church with a nice young girl, and as soon as the side walk was reached, he rolled a cig arette, struck a match, and com placently puffed his noxious smoko to the disgust of those walking be hind. If I were that young lady never would ] walk with that young man until he had learned that it shows a lack of good breeding to smoke in the company of it young lady. The other day I saw a young gen tleman call for a young lady to take her driving. He assisted her into the buggy and then deliberately crawled over her lap to his seat. I saw a young man and a young lady walking on the street the other night He held her arm in that de moralising grip called the "clutch, and so near were they to each other that the Siamese twins would have blushed to have been seen in such close propinquity. I mental ly thanked God that that girl was not my sister. Girls, beware of tho "clutch." It is too familiar, breeds contempt, and the young muu loses resnect lor you. Much of the ill M manners that young mon of this day display re sults from the want of a dignified and womanly stand on thu part of young women. If I see a young niun squeezing or pinching a young lady's arm while talkiuj' to her, or touching or putting his hands on lier, I feel sorrv for tliat girl. She lias her standard and the young man is up to it, but thank find it is not my standard. If I were a young woman I would enforce re spect from,every man. He should not bring the to his level and thus be able to (must with his associates of the liberties lie has taken. How many foul, blighting things do young men say of young ladies with whom they are intimate. A true gentleman will never say anything (lorogratory to a young lady's char acter, nor will lie compromise her in any way. I fear tliere may ho some grounds, however small, for tlieso .damaging disparagements, and that the young lady has lowered her standard. I again urge that a young woman cau not be too modest, or too discreet. Young woman, raise your standard of virtuo and morality high.— Abridged from Copiah Signal Cor - renpoiïiewct. Raise More Grate. In an articlo under the heading "Cultivation of corn," printod in the May number of the Cuticator, Major J. H Dent says : had a visit troin an old exocrienced hau become "I Vermont tanner, who rich from fanning, and in looking at our farms and mode of cultiva tion he remarked that 'unless grass and stock were raised on our farms in a few years we would liavo no soil to cultivate, for no lands could last so constantly cultivated under the plow. To the above sound northern con ception Georgia's model farmer plies: "We see it taking place, and have resorted to terracing to save them ; but nothing will save them and maintain them like grass, clover and the small grain crops. , Let the cultivation of grain and grass and the raising of stock bo enlarged aud the |ilanting of cotton be curtailed."— N. O. Wcayune. > »> ro Care of the Feet. Above all things keep the feet thor oughly clean and well rubbed and ma nipulated. This will prevout lamo joints, aiid nearly always prevout corns. Twice a week they should be soaked in warm water, (lie toes being gently rubbed all tlie time, warm batii, rub thu toes with a weak solution of arnica, and where tliere is a tendency to buuiomi paint with io diuc. A bandage wet with alum wa ter and put on when retiring is excel lent for 8trcugt heuing tender IceLwhile Hand, soap or emery paper should be used to remove any rough scarf skin or cuticle, l'rofusc perspiration cau be checked by using a powder of chalk and starch, or by bathing iu hartHho:a and water. Keep the toes as straight as possible. Where there is a tenden cy to crook or overlap each other «t is well to place a thin spliut under them at night, tied closely, agaiust which they can lie held in place.— Lucy Lillie in Herald. After this Centenarians Rare. It is a significant fact that twelve of the largest and oldest Loudon life as surance qompanloa, v which had, of courue, issued jHilicies only to the most carefully selected, could produce from their lists but a single case of centena riauisni. The instances alleged of per sons reaching their 120th, or even their 118th year, etc„ may bo set dow n as without cxccptiou not authentic. The three to five years over a hundred which science Indicates as the natural term of human life, is fourni to lie tho period lieyoud which post-ecnlena rinns. even under "the beet conditions of attendance, uuriing, etc, fail to gc* — Boston Flcrali. •'