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EVER OUR COMMONWEALTH.
Jku Oht Man Mlsalnw Alt Out lan mussing. Tom Ijimg, an old man, living near ImohI.I» h.,., i^ff hnmr Fri.lav ffmngmlal« HIM, lert Home fTliiay «vemng at 5 o clock to meet uta wife, who was coining from Carmichael, and . , . " , ._ X »..,1 ' ■ «... not been heard from, roul play is expected. Beirchiug parties have «,„„ a~u„rînff (lu. wnnJ* ■MMOMnag Uie .SS « nuifl of Fort (ubson from a new va Ifci Weik's News ta Short Paragraphs for Our Readers. ! TOSTIHSUR »T MERIDIAN REMOVED. »liifi. d To Have Water worin— A Sid Ueath .1 udlclary Appoint tree (its —Tlie Lamar Portrait—Negro Iteg ' latrotlon Increasing. 4i Now Oil Mill at Brookstllle. T>r. Matt Clay, -of Brookeville, re jiort# that tfao citizen* of that place, a Je w daya ago, r .i«ed $15,009 to build an oil miff. Thi* ia understood to 'fee jmrely a local enterprise. Fired » National'Salute. At tho hour of the gnuboat Têeke Tinrg'a launching the Warren Light Artilkiry, of Virkaburg on Batnrday fired a nati mal aalnte from the semmit «if Cantlo HiH, which w»b occupied dur ing tho war by a powerful Confc-derate battery. 0 Cotton Ilringsa Faney Price. A gentlemuii of Port Gibson sold hi* «Top of 177 bale* of cotton at that place Saturday at 13 cent* per poaud net, feeing equivalent to 14 cent* at a port rket. Thi* cotton wa* grown within riety, ami produced something over a bale to tho acre. Livery Stubte si-id Content* Burnt*«!. The livery stable of Capt. John B. Gatlin, at Magnolia, was destroyed by Jiro Saturday uight at 2 o'clock. Eight fttoraes, two anrreya, four buggies, one itearse, one hack, harne**, Raddles, ftnidlcs, offlca furniture, book* and aoeouuts were all destroyed, entailing • lose of about $2000, with no insur ance, known. fire did not t*]>ri ad. The origin of tho fire is ttn Tlie wind was still and the A)8u«!(len Death. Leon Frey, than whom no man in Canton, Mis*., was more more univer •mlly popular, died Saturday night very suddenly from congestion of the lungs. He had a similar attack a week before, and it was thought be could not live, bnt he recover» 1 and seemed to be en tirely restored. He was on tbe street at 7 o'clock Saturday night, and died mt 11. Mr. Frey has lived in* Canton Tor twenty-fivj years, and Canton had so better citizen. Negro Registration Increasing. Col. J. L. Power, of Jackson, is compiling figures to show the relative registration of the whites and blaoks of tbe State. Statistics from most of the counties have been received and they show a largo increase in registra tion of tho negroes. In some coun ties the registration of the negroes amonnts to half that of the whites. In others it runs from 25 to 30 per cent, mud almott without exception every county shows a big increase. * Jutlirlary Appointments. Judge S. II. Terrall, circuit judge of the Second judicial circuit, who has recently been appointed for the long term, to succeed Chief Justice Cooper, Friday tendered his resignation, to take effect on May 1, 1897. The gov ernor at once appointed Hon. T. A. Woods, seuutor from Clarke and Jas per, to succeed him. Senator Woods i* one of tho nblext lawyers of the distriot, and the appointment is o highly proper one in every respect. The* L imar Portrait. Judge Edward May«?, on behalf of Mrs. M. D. V. Leonard, of Washing Ion, presented the State a magnificent portrait of Justice L. Q. C. Lamar. Mrs. Helen D. Bell, State librarin at Jackson has g ven the same a promi nent place on the library walls. Ac -rompanying the picture was a letter from Senator Walthall, who was com missioned by Mrs. Leonard nnd .her •on, Wra. D. Leonard, to present the «sme, but ho delegated the doty to Judgo Mayes. Oxford Moves Forward. Tbo board of Aldermen of Oxford at a meeting held Batnrday night ««arded contracts for the system of waterworks for Oxford as follows; 'Kenders Si Porter of Louisville, Ky., *et contracts fur laying four and one half miles of main and patting in Kydrants, their bid being $11,577; Bourbon copper and brass workers of Giacinna i furnish the hydrants and •waives; Chicago Iron Bridge Co., get contract for tho stand pipe at $4,163. ktupt. A. A. Tucker, of tho Memphis Artesian Water Co., has saved Oxford neveiwl hitudro dollars by having charge of tho surveys and being advisory cn giwer to the board. The entire sys tem will bo completed in ninety days aud will cost less than $25,000. The Postmaster of Bleridlan Removed Postuftice Inspector Samuel Fry, of Now Orleans, u-uoked Meridian Friday timing and upon receipt of a tele gram from the department at Washiug toa, proceeded at once to remove Poat naster I. R. McElroy and place the «office in the hadds of the bondsmen. A meeting of the resident bondsmen lieht, and Capt. W. W. George, jirefthh tit of the Frst National bank Hc'ected by them to toke charge of the office. The books and accounts of l'os master M iElroy were at once «shocked up and Capt. George at onco «entered npou a discharge of the duties of the office. There is no shortage in tin ensh of tbo office and MoElroy is not yet informed of the causa of his The »^action of Capt George sill g^ve very general satisfac tion su I it is thought that ho will bo regularly Appointed to the postmaster jàiip. H MS A CONFERENCE ADJOURNS. Changes of Ministers for the Ensuing Year. The annual Mississippi Conference of the M. E. Church South adjourned at Port Gibson, Bunday night, with a memorial service and the fending of the appointments. Members of the con ference occupied the various cknrohes during Sunday. Bishop Hendrix preached at 11 «'dock in the Method ist Church to a congregation that filled the chnrch, and after tko sermon ordained a* deacons T. M. Crossley, Eugene Laagsford, John A. Moore, H. N. Gatlin und J» P. McKeown, and as «Iders Henry W. Vaahoon, A. T. Bell aud W. M. Buflivsn. Dr. C. G. An drews preachod at 8 «'clock, and at night Memortnl services were con ducted, in which Revs. D. Merchant, T. B. West, Thos. Price and N. M. Clark were lovingly remembered by their brother clergymen. At the con clusion of (he service the appointments were read as follows; At'POINTMRNTfl. VI«»k*hutK ItlKtrU-» -J. M. »'««*, preultl lui* «•Iller: Vlcksbarg, Frawfoni »treet, J. K. Watkins; p.nitti Vl.kabnrjr. John A. Moore; -»««Itlne l■•«*rk. J. V. Penn; Angnllla, K E. Langford; MayeravUle. VV. T. tirliUn; WaiTOB. U. A. Uni«*«*; Batartla, C. O. Evans; Konti« Warren, W. W. Ilnrst: Ed ward*. J. O. Calloway; Bolton, K. Selby; Utica. J. W. Cruder; U«K*ky Springs and Ilertnuuville. A. 1». Miller; Harrlston, W. M. Steven»; Port Gibson, H. M. Ellla. Nat,he* DWrlct-W. L. C. Hunnlcntt. near presiding «*ider; Katrtiex, Jefferaou street, T. It. Potman: W«**l«*y Chapel, J. It. Or , n)|niI . I*. UnU-e; Fayette. u, Uayuer; Barlow. E. F. Edgar; Itoxte, and R A. Breland; Amite, M. J. Miller: Gloster, «... i M. M. Block: Ceutfwtlt*. M. H. Moore, J. play , ^ «j'n<*ker. Junior preacher; Wilkinson, O. M. Hull: Wnodvllie, B. F. Lewis; Percy Greek, E. T. Breland: Mead ville, R. S. Unie; ageut for Edward MeUehee College. J. N. Tueker. Seashore I>i*trlet-G. A. Powell, presid ing eitler; Mos* Point Station, Inuian W. Cooper: Auierieu*. to be »upplted by W. T. Itoall; Baeatnwpa, G. W. Huff; Ocean Springs and Heran ton, H. D. How«dl; Van eleave, to be supplied by L. It. Roberta; Gulfport Mission, T. W. Brown; Whitting ton. G It. Elli*; Bay St. Louis nnd Log town. W. G. Forsyth; Lumbetfon, W. II. va- jiuntley; Colnmbla and Mission. It. B. Tre v il lion and G. P. MeK««on; Hattiesburg, .1 L. Peebles; Galloway. A. P. Cox, supply; Biloxi. C. F. Emery. Enterprise District—L. t'ar'ey. pre*i«Ung «■bier; Enterprise nnd Ktonewall. Khubutft. J T. Nicholson ; Matthervlllo, AV. W. Moore; Energy Mission. J. C. Kill*; Pa claita, W. J. F<*ntuB«m; Waynesboro und State Line, H. E Partridge; Wayne, to ba supplied by I». C. Farmer; Leakville, J. M. Cowan; Vosbitrg. It. B. Downer; Heidel berg. C. I» Cecil; Elllsvllle and Laurel, J M. Keen: Eastabuehie. H. B. Vauderburg; Williamsburg. W. J. Dawson; Fuller. Mt*a dor and Mt. Carmel. J. W. Brown; Wlu ehester. It. !.. Phillip*. Meridian District— C. G. Andrew*, presid ing elder: Meridian Central, 8. W. Feath erston; W«**r End, N. B. Harmon; East End. G. II. Galloway; So««h Side and Pop lar Spring*, if. <J. Hawkins; Cbunkey, ft. A. Sibley, jr.: Rose Hill. D. C. Langford; Vlunvllle. It. II. Barr; Lauderdale. H. W. Van Hook; Porterville, II. Mellard; Toom 8iil«a. to be supplied by J. .1. Golden ; Lln wood Mission, J. II. Holland (one to be supplied); De Kalb. G. H. Thompson: Dale ville,- A. T. Bell; Neshoba and mission, I». Scarborough tone lo be supplied by J. C. I tong) transferred to the Louisville con fiTenee. L. T. Cole. Brandon D»atrtct-W. W. Simmon*, pra. siding elder; Brandon. R. F. Witt; Carth age, H. P. Lewi»; Walnut Grove. P. P Howae. Hillsboro. M. A. Thurman; Decatur; P. D. Hardin; Newton and Hickory. I». P. Bradford: Lake. Ira It. Kobertaon; M«irton. W. L. LI afield; Clarksburg, to I«* supplied by C. C. Griffin; Steen'* Creek. It. Bradley; SMhdi. W. W. Cammack (one to be sup pied) Raleigh. L. J. Jone»; Trenton, J. H. Foreman; Forest, W. M. Sullivan; Moa iron«'. M. !.. White (one to Ik* supplied.) Ja«ksoi) District-H. I». Xoraworthy. pre s 1«Iing elder; Jackson fFirst Chnrch) H. M. Dubose : Capitol street. It. J. Jones; Fannin, T, H. King; Terry. T. J Norawortbyj Madison, J. D Cry mes; Canton. T. L. Mel lon; Sharon, F. M. Williams; Camden, J. E. Riddle; Ileuton. P. L. Norton; Tranquil, W. A. Terry; Silver Creek and Bee Lake, T. B. Cottrell; Lake City and Lodi. It. K. Rutledge: Vazoo City. L. S. Cammack nnd J S. Parker (junior preacher); professor «if Mills# ps College: conference missionary secretary. T. L. Mellon. Br «Untren District— K. II. Monnger. pro viding elder; Brookbnven, B. F. Jones; «la sey ville, C. McDonald; Ailams. B. II. Rawls; Magnolia and Oayka, J. A. B. Jonc# (J W. Sanilell. supernumerary); China Grove. W. VV. Morse; Wbitestown, J. T. Abney; McComb City, J. M. Mors«*; Sum mit nnd Toplsnw. V. V. Boone; Bogue Chitto, W. G. Wesson. W. M. Burton; North Wesson. H. C. Brown; Providence. J W. Tlnrun; Hazleburst. T. VV. Adam*; Martinsville, to be supplied by II. A. Gat lin; Gallman. VV. VI. William*; Crystal Spring*. VV. B. Whitworth Female College; C. W. Chrluler, professor; J. VV'. MeLaurin. agent of the Américain Bible Society. for (its re a 'fee hi* net, port a B. by one and ttn the in en had is of and In has long to gov A. Jas the o DOINGS OF CONGRESS. Reading of the Me^sage Occupies the Kntirr First Day. SENATE. Washinston, D?c. 7—The itnlted .Stales senate began the second session of the fifty-fourth congress with crowd ed galleries and with that accompani ment of activity and of greeting that usually attends the re-assembling of congress. Hut the upper branch of con gress never puts aside its dignity and the meeting developed no demonstra tion or dramatic Incidents. The read of at Ac .her the to ing of the president's message was the feature of the preceding« and beyond this, no attempt was made to enter upon the but ness of the sts«i n. Many foreign representatives occupied the diplomatic gallery, to whom the mes sage has special interest and signif icance, owing to the part they had ta ken In the conspicuous foreign events to which the president referred. Sir Julian Pauncefole. tho British ambas sador, and tha Turkish m'nlsier were present. The Spanish minister was not in attendance during the day, but two secretar ev of the Spanish legation ful ly noted tho references to the Cuban conflict. The diplomatic gallery was emptied as soon as the references to the foreign questions had been read. Aa the result there was scant atten dance after the reading had proceeded beyond the first ha'f hour. The read ing consumed about one hour and fifty minutes and a! Its conclusion the sen ate adjourned. of one in of and get cn sys HOUSE. While the saene* attending the open ing of the house today were both bril liant and Interesting In the ciowds that thronged the galUrles and the conspic uous personages preamt, the proceed ings themselves weto dull and spiritless, being distinctively routine. The house met, the chaplain Invoked the divine b es Ing m the wor*-cf the sesdoo, the roll was called, a committee was ap pointed to wait cn the president and the latter's annual communication read. The reading c nsumed about two hours. It was Mr. farewell menage, and there was much curiosity as to his views, on Cuba es pecially. but there wa* no demonstra t on either of approval or disapproval throughout Its reading. The holiday natur» of the day was sadltned by the announcement of the death of èx-Speak Crisp, which Mr. Turner, of Ge r g a, f rmilly made to his associates Out of respect to the memory of the dis tinguished Georgian the h. use, of. er resolutions, tm of the of of in is his bo Claveland'a . r adopting epp opriat* n ediaic y t fljo unu d _ France 1ms kept 200,000 tons of coal stored at Toulon since 1893 to be ready la case war should break out. : HESTER'S COTTON STATEMENT. ✓ Cotton In Sight Since Sept. 1, 4,949, 443 Bales. Secretary Hester's weekly New Or leans cotton exchange statement, is sued before the close of business Fri day, showed an increase in the move ment into sight compared with the seven days ending the same date last year in round figures of 69,000 bales, s decrease under the Bame days ywar befere last of 167,000 and a decreaue from the same days in 1893 of 13,000. For the four daya of Decem ber thq totals show a loss from last year of 1,000 bales, a loss front the year before last of 124,000 and for 1893 of 37,000. i\>r the ninety-five daya of the sea eon that have elapsed the aggregate is ahead of the ninety-five days of last year 1,165,000 bales, behind the same days year before last 877,000 and ahead of the same time in 1893 by 886,000. The amount brought into sight during the past week has been 388,419 bales, against 329,613 for theBeven days end ing this date last year; 555,773 year before last, and 401,801 for the same time in 1893; and for the four days of December it has been 199, 423, againBt 200,868 last year, 323, 801 year before last and 236,283 game time in 1893. These make the total for the ninety five days from Hept. 1 to date 4,949, 484 bales, against 3,784,956 last year, 5,326,129 year before last and 4,063, 942 same time in 1893. The movement since Bept. 1 shows receipts at all United Htates ports 3,808,330 bales, against 2,603,400 last year, 3,599,781 year before last, and 3,099,252 Same time in 1893; overland across the Mississippi, Ohio and Poto mac rivers to Northern mills and Caua da 370,331 bales, ngainst 423,465 last year, 640,645 year before last and 401,416 same time in 1883; interior stocks in excess of Bept. 1, 415,017, bales, against 480,484 last year, 422,117 year before last and 350,298 same time in 1893; Southern mill takings, 302,366 bales, against 289,661 last year, £73,586 year before lost and 242,996 same time in 1893. Foreign exports for the w«ek have been 168,787 bales, against 200,456 last year, making tho total thus far for the season 2,444,666, agaim>t 1,350,135 last year, or an increase of 894,075. Northern mill takings daring the past seven days s'low an increase of 10, 238 bales, us compared with the cor responding period last year, and the total takings since Bept. 1 hove increas ed 19,537. The total takings of Ameri can mills, north and south and Canada, thus far for the season have been 1, 100,781 bales, against 1,071,076 latt year. These include 791,048 bales by northern spinners, against 771,475. Htocks at the seaboard and the twenty-nine leading southern interior centres have increased during the week 104,892 bales, against increase during the corresponding period last season 27,976 und are now 270,252 lurger than at this date in 1895. Including stocks left over at ports and interior towns from the last crop and the number of baits brought into sight thus far for the new crop, the supply to data is 5,287,997 bales, against 4,094.523 for the same period last year. It must be remembered that the weekly, monthly aud seasou's compari sons in Secretary Hester's reports are made np to corresponding date last year, year beforo and in 1893. Com parisons to close of corresponding weeks are misleading, as totals to close of this week last year would take in ninety-seven days of the season, year before last ninety-eight, and in 1893 ninety-nine days, against only niuety five days this year. Net overlaml for this week this year, 53,131; fed this week last year, 50, 874; for this week year before last, 89.440; for this week same time in 1893, 57,486; thus far for month this year, 17,(815; thus far for month lost year, 29,025 ; thus far for month year before last, 67,245; thus far for month same time in 1893, 66,702. Brought iuto Bight this week, 388, 419; same seven days last year, 329, 613; same seven days year before last, 555,773; same seven days in 1893, 401,801; four days of December this year, 199,423; four days of December last year, 200,868; fonr days of December year before last, 323,801; fonr days of Decem ber in 1893, 236,280. Increase in amount of crop brought into sight to date over last year 1,104, 879, decrease in amount of crop brought into sight to date under year beforo last 376,681, increase in amount crop brought in eight to date over same time in 1893, 885,506, increase in sup ply since September 1, over last year 1,193,474, increase in foreign exports since September 1, over last year 894,075. Northern spinners' takings this week 84,440, Northern spinners' takings same seven days last year 74,202. Increase in American spinners' tak ings since September 1, over last year 29,708, increase in American stocks over last year 270,252. Alleged Train Robber» In Custody. Jeff Taget, aged 22 years, and Al bert Ellis, 21 years, have been arrest ed by the local police at their homes in Kansas City, Mo., for supposed con nection with the Chicago & Alton train robbery, October 23rd. The men are scene-shifters at a local theatre in Kan City and bear hard characters. The men were placed in the sweat-box Wednesday afternoon and Paget ad mitted having planned to rob the Mis souri Pacific passenger at Leeds, with Oscar Bridges, leader of the electric ;> robberies. The authorities be lieve that tbo prisoners will give infor mation which will lead to tho arrest of two other members of .the gang. Pa get and Elb» »re believed to have been the ringleaders of the Alton robbery. . Italian Bailors Butchered. News has been received by Signor Cecchi, the Italian consul at Zanzibar, that tho captains of the Italian war ships Vollurno and Btaffeta and other officers have been killed by the Somalis at Mogadoxo, on the coast, and one hundred men have been wounded. No details bave been received aa to the trouble which led to tho fatalities. Magadoxo ia a town of about 4,000 in habitants on the Somali coast, within the Italian protectorate. (Canned fiom flrat page. • careful c(isl.!erallon of the coegre**. INTERSTATE COMM'jdU'K. The iutastntc commerce »ommladoi. ha*, during Hil last year, suppled ahwndaut evi dence of Is n»«-fulness and tM. Importance committed to Its charge- I'sh is of the lie tre.iisiprtatlon I* a universal u«>c<*»»lty. an«l tho hu«**tt«»a of Just and reasonable charges heretofore has tjeeome of luipori V.ix* maltly to shlppCs and carrier». bn< »Inn to tue vaat Multitude of pr«Mln«s*rs ami eonsauier*. Th*> Jnatlee and equity of the principle* «•«»brslled In the existing law passed for the f»«rpo«e of regulating the*« charge* are ««very where «oureded and there appear* ta be no question that the policy thus entered upon has a permanent place In onr tegiakttlon. Aa the present atalute* *t«t«-s when enacted was In the nature of the ca*«, more or lea* tentattte ami expe rimental It wa* hardly expected (o supply a romplrtr ami adequate ayatem. While Its wholesome cffecls are manlf«*«H anil have l«een amply juHtlflnl. It la erbleiit Unit all desired reforms In transportation method* have not been fully accomplished. In view of the judicial interpretation which sonic provisions of the statute have rccetv«*d and the defects «U*.-|o*«*<i tiy the efforts made for Its enforcement. It* revision and amend ment appear to Ik* essential to the end that It may more effectually rem-h the evil» «leslghed to be correcte«l. I ho|«e the recom uieiiilation of the «•ommission upon this subject will 1>e pn»mptly and favorably con sidered by the congres#. THE TARIFF QUESTION. I desire to recur to the stafeni«*«!»* else where niaile concerning the government'a rei'lpt* and expenditures, for the pnrpoM of «enturiiig on some sugg«*stiods touch lug onr presat tariff law aud Its operation. This »tatule took effect on the k**th «toy of August, ItBG; whatever may be lis slmrl «'outlugs as ff complete measure of tariff reform. It must b«* concotled tliat It has o|K-n«-il the way to a fre«*r ami greater ex change of commodities betwtsen us an«l other countries, ami thus furnished a wide market for our prodwts ami manufactures. The only entire fiscal year «luring which this law has been In for«e eii«l«*«| on (he .mil« of June, 1«W. In that y«*ar our Im ports increased over tlnis«* of tlK* previous rear more thau yrt.fifln.0fl0, while the value of the domestic products we exporte«! mid which found markets abroad was nearly 97.000,000 more than during ■»be preceding year. THE SUBSIDIZED RAILROADS. The secretary of the Interior call* of tention to the public Interest involved in an adjustment of the obligation* of the Pa cific railroad to the government. I deem It to be nu Important duty to especially put thl* subject to the consMeratiou of the con gre»*. Op January 1, l«»7. with the amount already matured, more thau $111,500,000 of th«« principal subsidiary bonds Issued by the United State* In ai«t ««f the «onstructlon of the Union PaetAc«railway, Incluilng Its Kansas line, and more than J'l.OfiO.oOO ilk** botnls i**u«*d In aid of the Oiftrnl Pacific railroad eompany. will have fallen due anil be«*u paid, or must on that «'ay lit* paid by the government. Without any refer ence to the application of the sinking fmul now In the treasury, this will create such a default ou the part of tbesp compatit s to the government ns will give It the right to at ouue lustllule procewllug* to fore clow its mortgage lieu. Iu addition to this lu«lebte*luess. whl«U will be due January 1, 1X17. there will mature between tliat «late and January 1. Isirt. the remaining principal of such subsidiary bonds, which must also be met by the governuitut. Those amount to more than fïO.O'JO.tWO on account of the t'ulon Pacific lines, «ud ex «•«K*d sgl.OWM**) on account of Oentral Pa cific lines. The situation of these roa<ls and the condition of the Indebtedness to the government have bewi set forth lu reporta of various committee* to the present and ami prior congress. A* curly as 1SH7 they were thoroughly examined by a special com mission iipimlutc«! pursuant U» an act of congres». The cousideratlou requiring an adjustment of the gifteruuieut relations to the companies have been clearly presented aud the conclusion reached with practical uniformity; that if these relation* are not termiuiitrd they should Ik* revived upon a basis sccuriug their safe rout Inuit uce. Un der neition I or act of congress, passed March :t, 1SK7. the preablent Is ehargid with the iluty. In the event that any mortgage other incumbrance parumouut to the l ulled mate» on the properly of the Pa cific roads shall exist and be lawfully liable to be eu forced to direct the attention of the departments of treasury and of justice In the protection of the Interest of iho United mutes by redemption, or through judicial proceedings, including (oreclosurea of the government liens. In view of the fact that be « ongresa lias for a number of years almo»t conatantly hud ander emiBlderatlou various plan* for deallug with Hie condltous existing between these road* aud the governmeut. 1 have thus fur felt just Med In withholding ac tion under the statute nbove mentioned in the i-ase of the Union Pacifie t'ompauy. However, the situation ha* become espe cially nnd Immediately argent, so proceed lugs have been Instituted to forecloge a first mortgage up«»n those aided part* of the main Hues upon which the government hold a m» - oml and subordinate mortgag.* lien. In «-onsequetioc qf these proceeding* and increasing complication* Hddeil to the default occurlng on tho first day of Junuary. 1KU7, a condition will be presnted at that date, so far a* tht* eompauy 1» com-ermsl. that must emphasize the mandate of 1SS7, aud give to the executive duty under it* provisions a more Imperative aspect. TUert*fort% uni**# uonure«» snail otilVWIW direct or ahull have previously determined upon a different solution of the problem, there will hardly appear to exist »nx i*" for delaying beyond the date of «default ublle Uit«*re«ta and ««aie or ■< ! in »obarrve the . the government from the loss threatened liy further Inaction. DEFKNSB OF TUB WILSON YAW. Those who Insist that the cost to onr them from people of articles coming to abroad for their ueedful use should only be Increased through tnriff charges to an extent necessary to meet tho expense* of the government, a* well as ttio»e who claim that tnriff charge* may be laid upon ««ich article* beyond tht necessaries or govern ment revenue aud with the additional pur pose of *o Increasing tbelc price in our market as to give Auicrlcau manufacturers ami producer» better atid more profitable opportunities, must agree that our tar.ff laws arc only primarily Justified as I source of revenue to enable the govern ment to meet the necessary expenses of Its mnl:;tc*na:»f<\ CoiinlÉireû «* to It* *uin ,'icucy in till* nsp«ct,"lie present law c.m by no luriiu* fall under Just condemuatiou. During the only complete fiacul yt-ar of It# operation It has yielded yearly nearly *8 (KjO.UOO more revenue than waj» received from tariff dntle* In the preceding year. There was, nevertheless, a deficit between receipts and expenditure« of little mmo than FJ.VXW.flh« This, however, wa* not unexpected. The situation wras such In De cember laut, seven mouths before the close of the fiscal year, that the secretary of the treasury foretold a deficiency of $17, CK*VX**. The great and increasing appre hension and timidity In burtnes* circle» and the d»*pre*slon In all activities lut«» Veulng since that time re»ultlng from cause* perfectly well understood aud entirely dis connected with onr tariff law or Its opera tlon seriously checked the Import*. RW would otherwise luive received nnd readily account for the difference between this estimate of the secretory ami the actual deficiency a* well as for a continued de fielt. Indeed It must be confeaaed (hat he could hardly have had a more unfavorable period than the last two years for the ooll lecdlon of tariff revenue. We «aiiuot rea sonably hope that our recuperation ffotn thla buxine»» depresalou will be Mddfin, but It ha* already net in with a prombe of acceleration ami continuance. I bellev our present tariff law. If allowed^ f.ii» onportHnitv. will, ht Die near futore, yield revenue ' which with reaaouable or ccouo mical expenditure will o ver c o m e »» <l « d cleucy. In tbe meantime no deficits, whleh occurred or may occur. turb ua to meet auy *uch deficit we have in the trcaaury In addition to a go d re serve of cue hundred million», a »urpiua of more than on. hundreil aud twenty-eight S»Uon of dollar* nppll«W »o nf the «•xpenwH of tho gO\omoifni nuu which must, uulcsa expended tM ruuu* n n-nln a u»eler.M hoanl, or If not ex travagiintly wasted, must In any went be ocrvcr «i from the purporo of lta exaction from our people. Ac payment therefore of anv deficiency In tbe revenue from this fund ^ nothing more than It* proncr and uSttnite trae. The government ih îdGnà a m rplu*. fortunately In Its treas Srv ro the payment of exiK*n.ca not met t'lA P n* C onr governmeut to accnmulate government to «eWg mdrvldual living hi* Income and ombarrarefo* l»lm raWlth debTSr firawlng u ( K>n his accu sS.' .S«.« •« ms 1 «"«" jjmk J*"«;;.™ "gSÄ Ä datv Vf ev%«dlmi for ,he benefit of the pen* cr r ..7 •"î''""'"; dividual who U exported to manlfont We US up natural «Irai re to «void debt or accumu late a* much aa poealble ant) to live wit»» tbs Income derived from «»eh scrollin'^ tIona to the end that they majr t>e Incr» or at leant remalq milm|>iilred for V A r „. ture «N and enjoyment of bimactr jj io objecta of bta love and affection. «rh« ,, ;î iy aunrlve him. „ . . It la Imtpeaanrably better t«L hpj»r>«!irl:ite our anrplua to the pay mon 1 ; «>f jttatltinMe expense* than 1o allow It <o tieeome nn In vltatlou to recklea* ari'iWpriatlon* and i x travaasnt eapendltoVi*. i auppoee it will not be denied that tinder the prencuf !*W our people obtain the necettaaiiea of a com fortable existence at a cheaper rate thau formerly. Thla I» a matter of »npremo im portance, «lure It la the palpable duty *«r every Just government to make burden* of taxation n* Habt a* poaulble. The i* pie kbonld not l>e required to. rellnqnl-h till* privilege of cheaper living except under the «tree« of their government's ncee**lty made plainly manlfeat. WEAKNESS AND VICE« OF FINANCIAL METHODS. Till* reference to the condlton a* to the prospect* of our revenue* naturally mitf gent* an allusion to the weeklies* and vice* of our financial method*. They bat«« bceu fre<nicntly preHHcd upon the attention or congre«* in prevloii« executive coninmui catlon* and the Inevitable danger of Hielt continued tolemtiou pointed out. Without now repenting the««* detail*. I cannot r. - fra In from again earnestly preaentiiig the necessity of the pron.pt reform of a system op|K>Kcd to every Mil«* of round IInance and ab«.ivn by experience Jo be fraught with the gravest peril end l«*r plpxity. * Tbo. terrible tlvfl Which slitiok the foundation of «>nr govern meut more than thirty ymr* ago brought In It* traiu the d«*Htructiou of prop ity, ttie wastlug of our rouatry's subatame un<l the est rangement of brethren. Ihese ate now pust und forgotten. Even the •.mir«* sing lo** of life in the « > ib't « ntalliel D but a sacred tuemory, wbbdi fosters patr. ^rdTr''«^? who3dy U die". ' AnV ye*' there remain* with us t*«l»y lu full ««•r vice and activity, a* an In« ident of *bat tr« lueuilou* struggle, a feature of It* tiium elal necessities not only uusuited to our prem i.t «Irenmstn^a. tutt i.Mtrdfestly a (Ufltiirlihijf monade to bu«Iii«*** wcur.tj .i.iu mi t*vt*r priant «»out of uioiiftary «JNtr^d. Because we may lie cujoylng a i. iu[*orjry Thm'ifd miMu!!*!!« ïntT«foi«" ''a-roruy. nor len.i us to forget the amldeuu«**« <*f |M«t visitations. I am more convinced than ever that we can have no assured «oaueinl peace and safety until the government curreii v obllgatlan* ttiK'n which gold may b** dcnMii<l ed from th« 1 treasury are withdrawn iro*n circulation. This might be done a* has been heretofore recommended by their ex of^ntorost.''o^b^^h^^ nsUmipti.m w?th the proceeds of such bond*, even If «»»ly backs.'werr thnîreÂ"' Itb pSdJMrtemS | «he m'asury notes Issued In payment of « silver pui< ha «'j< uuder tin* «late of Jw 1 * imp,*. now paid In gold wh. U demanded, would not ereate mtu-h disturb ance ns they might from time t» Hm«* v.le u gold iV or .«'dUe^lî^^^^rndttiVüy ami prio i dently replaced by «live* coin. This plan fectlve aud dlre. t path to the nerd- t re form. In default of I Ma. Im* u step In the direction that currency *»o ligations redeaubh- In gold, wheuew-r *o r«steemed. should he « ancelt« d lustend < f lwdug rclwtited. Thi* operation would b * a «low remedy, but it would Improve pre, «•nt condition*. Bank* should redeem ibelr îuV «Ätlon 7o ^ deposited a* security f<>r it* redemption, ami the tax on their circulation should he SÏÏSàÜ Ä 1 ..f ('tilted state»* note* ttid th^ treasury u«a»** under the law nt 1*Ö0. I am of tha opinion that we have pla«-ed too much stress upon the danger of contracting: the «■urreucy. ami have calculated t«s* Ml.t* upon the gold that would In* milled to our circulation, if Invited I.» us by better and safer fliiaelal method*. It I« not so mue a a eoutraetlou of «timn.y that slioult le nvoldetl a* its nominal distribution. Hi,* I might be obviated, and auy fear of harm ful contraction at (he same time removed |,y allowing the organization of «mailler hunk*. an.I in less populous communities than are now |»*rmltted. ami also autlmr Ixlug existing bank* to «-stabllsU branch»# In small eommualtie* under proper restric tion*. The entire case may be presuted by the statement that the day of sensible sound financial methods will not <la«vn "l*ou n* until our government abandon» **>'' bunk ing business and the accumulation of fund* an.I confides It* monetary operation to the receipt of the money «•nutribiited by the people for Its supi>ort and to the ex|«*mil juré of such money for tin* people * le-ne flt. Our business lutercst* ah.l all sen* long for rest from feverUb agitai ion aud the Inauguration by the government ct aflnaclnl policy which will emourag - e„ terprtue and make wrtalu the rewaid« of l# Atf*T0 TRI ST» AND MONOPOLIES. And another Popic ln which «hr ole rightfully take a d«mn Interest may Is here briefly considered, f refer to the ex istence* of trust aud other huge aggra vations of capital, the object of which I* to secure the ntouopt>ly of aomc partlenlar branch of trsde. Industry or comme rae, ami It Is usually on the ground that though luereuse profit*, they also r*duce prices, and thus may benefit the public. It most be ramemberad. however, that a reduction of price* to the people is not one of the real object* of the organization», nor I* their tenden«*y uecessarTly lu lhat «itrcctlon. if It occurs In a partl«Uar c a*e. it 1» only because' It accorda with the pur pose* or-interest* of those tnat;aglug the scheme. «uch excasloonl result fall ntr short of compensating the palpable evil • barged to the account of trust* aud uaMp* olios Their tendency l* to crush out lud. vidual indcpemlence and to bind and pre vent the free use of bunian faculties and full development of h'itnnn «-haracter. Through them the farmer, the artbwn ami Sie small trader is In danger «f dtaloJge ment from the proud position of twins hi* ow n'maâtèr, W,Vt,hfu. of all that Ul« «*>UDtrv* pro*|«*rlty, In which I« has individual lot. and Interested lu all that effects the advantage* of business of wh.eh he la »'factor, to Ik* relegated In the levrt ivf a mrro appartenance to o j^r* «t mfl HUnc With little free will, with ... duty that of passive obeillei.ee, anil with lit tle hope of- opportunity of rising ". the seal" of rasp«.nslble ami hilp.ul cîfiéenshln To iha Instinctive lw nu'l* helpful citizenship. To the lnstlmilv«* lief that such t* the Inevitable trend <>f trust* and monopolies l* due the wPL-spread, the deep seated popular aversion In which they ara held and the not unreasonable Insistence that whatever may be their In cklentai economic »dyantag.-s their gci tra effect utiott fK-rsonal character prospect* and useful..«»* cannot be otherwise than fnjurlqu*. Though congres» hua attempted to deal with this matter by leglslatb.u. tho tuivi Diniert fpr Hint purjK hi* Clin» fir have prove*! Ineffmive, not tK-.ause or ni.y lack of dlaooaltou or attempt them but »Imply because the laws tin m «five* as Interpreted by the court* «Io not ra««-h the dimcultv. If »he •Innufli.ienelca of pxlKtlns law» con be wBfrtM by furthir leglslntloiflt should Ik* doaa. The bm Kfonfaurt. however, that an wrw legislation on this subject m«r fs» •*** of Its purpose been us«* of inherent oD*ts cle» and also be««use of the complex ebar ■crar of our governmental system which, whfle making the federal authority »upremw within Its sphere, ha* «-arefulty that sphete by mete* aud bound* which cannot he transgressed. The dcclson ofour hiflthfiit rfvnrt on tbii (funtioii render* It Ä éoffil whether the evil* of trust* and monopolies are adequately traatejl through federal action unless they seek di rectif* and purposely to Inclnde in their obl«*cts transportations or intercourse be tween State or between the United States and°foreign eonntrle*. It «Iocs not follow however, that the limit of the remedy that mav he apptle.l Is exhausted, even though It tuay he found that federal author ity be not bread enough to reirah ,, j— case There can be no doubt of the power of the several . 8t **'|* to act effectively In the premts«*. and there should be no reason to doubt their h ness to Judicial/ exercise such power concluding this communies (ion. '** words shall be an appeal to tiw congress for the most rigid eeo»nmy In '^e cxiK-ndl ture of the money it holds In tftwt for IM people. Tîie way to extravagance l»e»"r. hut a return to economy is v«jry dlfflcmit. When however, It is considered that those who bear the burdens of taxation have no guaranty of honest care save In the fidelity of their public servant» the «luty of all possible reirenehmeats Is plain ly maul fest when our differences are for gotten and onr contests for are no longer remembered. N' tblug In toe retrospect of our public service will he a a fortunate and comforting aa the recollec tion of official duty well performed, and the memory of a constant devotion to the Interests of T&SÇÎSÎlKSjk«T*' Executlce Mansion. '«• war 0. (imj ettt nev the an bnt G. i:i last opinion men. Tobacco seeds are so small that a thimbleful will furnish plants for an acre of ground. - One Dewd an.I the Other Dying, One man deal and another shot to . .• _ ..w u # a hit of nbivfiil pieces was ine result oi aimoi piayiui pesant Comer, (la., Itv.'Silay. Tor e tim8 tlu . re bad been bad blood D «, wn* between Doc Bradbury ana William £,,j t l w( ,l|. Both are well-known citi* zens. They were apparently on friend ]« terms, ant! while they were in a . , p Tatadav Bradbnrv More at tuilier, i ties tny, Of OU DU ry, Jji g spirit of fun, took a pistol from Caldwell's pocket and placed it on a r ,, ,, ,, , ,, . . , showcase. Caldwell missed the pistol an j was angry when he found it. The result was a row. Caldwell was shot und instantly killed. Bradbury was | **">* ihrt * aa ' l 0*™"* « A Ounz of Sv« '•« tier* Hun Down. _. . r> . By the arrest of Ouarles Radinsky Pottsvillf, Pa., WeJn sltiy after* i noOB, the authorities say thoy have broken up a daring gang of swindlers »vo, ^ <rK "f r e "'; 1 k ' ,e obtained goods valued at many thous and* of dollars from merchants of New _ nva* t-t-.Lt. \ork, Boston, Chicago, Philadelphia, am j other cities. The ringleaders of •, . , . « h r.*o the gnng are said to have Usen ture« brothers, Abraham, Harry and Charles Yarowaky. The l*.t two named are also under arrest. Hie gang operate;! through stores establishod under os named name« in small towns, to which ffood» were »hipped on credit and sold V . elsewhere, I QtTITK ABOVEBOARD. Flllbnstcrlng to !>• Curried on Openly Ifereufter, If Permitted. Hie Cuban delegate at Jackson ville, Fla., Hat nr day received n request from General Antonin Macco for a largo enpply of arms and muni tions and, mediiine* to be sent to him immediately. The Dannikae end Three Friends will leave for Culm at once with tho »applies. No attempt bos i.ceu made at secrecy, and the United States marshal has been informed that the Three Friends will carry a cargo of munitions of war to Cuba. Mr. Bans, the owner, goes to Wash ington at once to inform the attorney general he has contracted to land a cargo on the coast of Cnlm and will demand that his vessel be escorted there by a United States warship. He insists that under the ruling of the United Htates supreme court in thtf Horua case the carriag«) of arms on an unarmed vessel is not violating the law. The Danntle-s will take on her cargo of arms at Eun Gallic. Tho Commo dore will leave Saturday for Cuba with nrms. Col. Emilio Nunez, of the Cuban junta, is now in Jacksonville, Fla., directing tho movements of the expedition. J, S. BIIASU£AB, JR. FRENCH & BRASHEAR, ATTORNEYS - AT - LAW PORT GIBSON, MISS. Will practice in conrtu of Claiborna and adjoining counties and in the supreme court at Jackson. 0. A. FBENCH. HOTEL - PIAZZA, WABHUtaTOR STBIRT, VICKSBURC, *:• R/II8S. Centrally Located, Convenient to Rxilroads, Aud Steamboat«» A NEW HOTEL. Elegantly furbished with all mod«« improvement«. T*bl® uoflurpiiiwl VINCENT PIAZZA, Proprietor. MISSISSIPPI Cotton Oil Co.'s PORT GIBSON MILL WILL PAY HIGHEST PRICE FOR COT TON SEED! Cotton Seed Meal and Hulls Always on Hand,. Convenient for Wagons. JNO. W, TODD, Manaeer. Fred P. Fox, Ass't Manager. J. W. I'utsox, Cashier E. B. Daaxs, Vice-Fret. G. W. W he elms, Pre« PORT GIBSON BANK PORT GIBSON, MISSISSIPPI. $ 50 , 000.00 Capital Stock Dibuctobs:— G. W. Wheelcss, J. McC. Martln.P. M. Harding, Les Hichardion, E. ft Drake,Wm. Uahn, C. T. Worthington, J. Vf. Feraon, B. Thrasher. CoBBJtspoHDxsTs—Hanover National Bank, New York; Delta Treat an® Banking Company, Vicksburg; Union National Bank, New Orleaaa. Will do a general banking business. Will pay interest on aanBgs dapoelU. Will negotiate loane on real estate fpr any amount. Special attention fiTSIs to collections, payment of taxes, or any other b usinera entrusted to our oar*. PORT GIBSON OIL WORKS, mtcq Mlbo r PORT GIBSON, Pays Highest Price for Cotton,Seed. Ws havs on hand for sale, at Unreal cash prices, in any quantity, Getto» tseaF Meal and Cotton Seed Hulls for feeding or fertilizing purpoeen. H. GOEPEL, Secy, and Mgr. UFE I Chas. D. Bloch, a a , j'aiE î a to at to a OoneraJ Insurance. !•«"*(>«•«• I full v »olimta naUouag*. Dr . IT A. SMITH, RESÊENT DENTIST - - MISS. PORT GIBSON. *. Ii. OOMOM. h. o, Mocxoxm. MOUKGER & COBBON LAWYERS, * TORT GIBSON, MISS. Practie« in all the <joo orne, Jefferson and Frank ged in the aupreme and federal court* at Jackson. Criminal, civil and chancery practice attended to promptly. Call and see no or writ* ni aboa yonr case. rta of cun| kiln ooantieal i % Gilani&BrIilii-HUin Academy. Port Ciheon. Miss. An Esdoviil Boarding School fo# Bora Next Scraion Regina Sept 18th, 189ft. FACULTY« W. C. Gfrnr. 1 *, a, a..Principal la I. Por.urr, a. s ft. 11 McKay. Rev. H. H. Browk«* - Bible History M. H. tiATTZiunzhu . ..Prep. D'pt'ml English, ClasniCftl ' aud Baainora Conrsea. RomtrLobly healthy loca tion in the hill country, town. R. R. Superior instruction and diaoi pline. Bonrd 'and tuition for H month« $155. For catulogna addr '* j . Am ia tan ta Prohibition Accewiiblo on the T. A M. V. Secretary C-H Acafomy, Port Gibaon« 311mm. E. S. & J. T. DRAKE, LAW VEXUh Port Gibson, - * Miss. Practice in all the Court» of Claiborne and Jefieraon Counties, and Fodeia and Snprema Court* at Jackson. Real Eatate for Bale BOOZE, Tho Tinner. v j M, il k in.'s of Work in Tin, Clipper ami Bho*t-Iron. K j QuMering a SpscJatty .-li.nsg .Mao paints Hoofs and Gatters, '. ' " ' f t J l i iR lIiitf r W * » Call and see his pat i c.t m Feed Cooker, for «••«•king cfitiu, etc., for stick. All *o'rk guarantee«! aud dona at 1-)»«»t rates. • . . • Cr.I. r • t.t '■VILLIAM BOOZE. II. G. M LAURIN, . ; ; Specical Agent S I Mutual Lifo Insurance Co^ —Headquarters— Port Gibson, IMisudmmlppft.