Newspaper Page Text
A POWDER MAGAZINE,
MAKING EXPLOSIVES FOR UNCLE SAM'S NAVY. Largs Sized Crains now Used. A Visit to the Big Government Storehouse Among the N«»/ Jersey Hills. v one follows the road that leads from the town of Dover, N. J., muong the craggy and rock-seamed bllto of Morris Oouitty, he to surprised on approaching what scouts to be the «summit of this desolate assemblage to find Mo-elf confronted by a heavy IJtrte bearing the legend, "U. S. Naval ldw-der Magazine-No Smoking. From the top of the hill, says tin* Washington Star, floats the -Stars and Stripes, and below Its frowning crest cl ust cm a group of loug, low, yellow brick buildings, within whose walls la concentrated a force mighty enough to shake oven those "eternal hills" to their foundations. For miles on either «hie, taking in the double Hue of lof'y ME« and the valley that Mn between, »crotches the government preserve, without a sign of fife to di-si urib the fcohnim grandeur of the «JJItude save where tine brigUt-bucd banner boats above the IMfte group of buildings in the heart of the wilderness. At first thought Chore to «omethiug fl niONt ImRorousfiy Incongruous In the 1dm of connecting this »Impregnable and -almost Inaccessible fatatnma with the uavy. But when one Cooks through the yellow brick' buildings on the hili Ktde his aiteuV.on to attracted io an Interesting nnd lloCe-knowu part of tue vsenemo of national defense, trait of preparing and storing -the force which makes our great Booting fort resses effective. Though much has been written about the navy and naval service of »'he United State« within the i*ast fow months, the manner in which the new up »• % -navy is supplied with powder seem» to have escaped nttemCou. Tt to nn important subject, too, as a brief calculation wM enable the reader I» determine to bto own satisfaction. The bai-tfesibijw Indiana and Oregoi, the motot powerful iu the navy, carry four Ul-lnch, eight 8dnch And four fl inch guns. To fire a single charge from one oc' -the 13-Inch guns requires ocO pouutto of powder, not counting that Contained in the Shell Itself to explode it. Accordingly, every time the four chief guns of the IndlAtm's armament speak together more than a ton of powder to turned into noiblitg uea». Up-to-date powder to chiefly of two kinds, the smokek*!» and the brown prisiua tic, though the bLick to »til used for Iguli-ing. It has two advuttt nges over the oCd-fashloued kind. One to in the Ingredients, the other lu II» form. The goal Which rhe maker sets al ways before him iu preparing powder for any gun to to Obtain the maximum of proputoiou power without such ox p.oMive lorce ns to wreck rhe gun it «e v > The action of rhe pq wdvr n ow ttsed in all rué larger guns of t he shows tbe ntoetvwt*»- -w, ^ . ,'he probt chi. v The second tmpoCtant Improvenwiu yio dcrn poWdcr Is in it« form. Itfanr l»rt«-)ns have the klea that a.I poW*er 1» lu the form of small graiu», wddc ftoiiK' Cthera, whose memory r AU?hcs back to the civil war, r croit -ne "cauaou" powder of that day,which win« in the form of «muH cubes, much like lozenges. ro either of the»« classes the powJet of the present .day to the most sur liririug in appearance. Ms regular «hope to I but of a hexagon, with a Miinil hole nmning through the center. The size varie«, of course, with the bore of t -e guu for which It to intend ed, but for the largest calibers the hex-1 ne. »us are tin inch high and n trifle over tin In.»- In diameter. The little Lote in the center to important, foi#ft ».ruses the Mock t» burn more evenly aa« with greater ehwt, since the !!.'• tun work from bora the Interior and exterior surface. The smokeless pow der routes Hi Hie form of flat «trips, Feces of tape, or hi little cylinders, tutit look for all the wo rid like maca roni. In one respect alone to the Mack I powitff <U|»erior to brown, In the grata'reg ease will) which it Is ignited, on this account, In making up the heavy charges a 'tier of black hexagons Is placed first, for tbe percussion cap to act upon, and to make certain the discharge by Igniting the other. The essential ingredient* in rhe mak ing of gunjA>wder, of course, remain the «atti« now as fomeriy, the differ ence being found to the chemical treat ment of ft during the ''mixing" proc roses, widen are, of course, carried on according to rarcfUily guarded formu la.». Iu the mill the earliest course of ihe powder de-uiined for Lurie Sam's Mg gum is tumki rhe same «a that of the boiler known kinds, Che chief differ ence being, as noted, lus treatment un der the chemltit's hands. Ft is rolled in ïhe same way, but In the press room tts tmwtment to changed ami it is *hai>ed into hexagonal blocks before drociUbtid 1-ntitrad of minute grain*. After The glaring and «Imaiiug proc-ss to ovtsr, the jiawder to taken »way :o the packing txxMn, «nd here the really f-nteraating part in ttte career of the govcrntnen, powder begin*. The nix fcided block* are pocked In fiat w pod eu cases, lined with Tin. Where -the aides lit on 'a small, svlgbnly raised band of rubber runis aboUt the edge of the ease, mak!,ng <t pmriBotaUy ailr ami water Tight when tt 1* Closed. Those castare shipped off to one of the pow der 'Staitlwaw, «ay, the one among the Dover mouutaina. When It is -possible «0 do «O, Lue powder to usually shipped by I*>ar, but to reach the DoreT rn-aga »me requires part of «he journej- to be made by rail. The fine that carries The i»owder up nattong the hills i* a curious VMo railroad, grades as steep as high wav, Wn'iCh carries little exetfrt government freight, and where there to no danger of oLItoion**—for the road boatirts ottly one engine and very few car*. The Dover magartne 'has 'been In existence for six or «even years, present toctatkro wo« «cleoted patt.y beoante the government already owuod the land and couM not put It to any other icxfflltafele use, fettt dhdefl.v he of tm Ii kW i W - »NoOtthg to tte-r« J which b:w ose of a country l ta oau»e d«ia*ku*tittafl to rhe raw —I M opera ttou g f * powder dwpot than tcto many ue1ghibo<n», aud ft fa prad&cady etfala that tlhj» region wfM never be (bull* up. Aft the magazine, -wthieh, by the way, to made up of a number of «mail mag-i rlnen eoatewd «Cod* (the ttXdUte a MnU iLtata-nce »spart, the powder to unloaded and the case« carefully ovehauled and Inspected, to aee Thlrt their con tent« hove escaped Injury. Tiieu they are stored anvuy again in the nun bered oaaea, 500 pound« In a «we. In time the government will have a great plant for mounting ammunition In connection with this a ration, but at present Iflie powder I» simply «Tored here and re-sbiiiped to various point« aa ft to needed. to the tin* and to the in the an of of up »• Rebuilding Noses. Iu this era of reconstruction through which Now York Is passing even noses come lu for their share of remodelling aud rebuiKliug. So mauy people are aflldtal wdth a disfiguring disease which eats away the boucs of the uxwe aud face that "pintade surgery" has f*fit called upon to find weans to re store broken or decayed noses to their original beauty, or even to improve ou than. Di-. Robert Weir was among the Unit to dtooorer a practical solu Clou. He experimented -wltti some «Me cca« lu transplanting bones of living fowls to the human face. One of his earlier opera: ions wa* conducted In a ►tufty Harlem flat. U-to ptfi enl was wretched on the table under ether; her face was laid open aud «trexmiug Wood; but the duck, not receiving due attention, had vachpod unnoWced from the maBÉnat "Now, dodtor," «aid Dr. Wetir to a dignified participant, "obl'ge me by half-kllHing Tltait bird and ict me have aboutt three Riches -from Its breast-bone for tlids girl's -nose." Ami-id the (grewsJonie sunoundi-igs »here were ten minute« of Vigorous ex ercise In catching the bird and reduc ing -it to a state of lnsemdbi'llty. Sauce then he has dispensed with live birds and baa turned his attention to guita jxavha, rubber, silver and gold for nose bridges. All these failed lunaiise «Cectrical action was genetaled requir ing further operations. Final)', pare ohunimnu was resorted to with satis factory reaUlts. Now the nose boue 4s made of that metal. . It has a tftom hook at 'the upper end by which tt to secured to the base of the forehead, while tiho other end is held out from the face by two short legs termianting In sharp .<pikew wbr?b are anchored In the bone. There to no mvesaiity for ugly acatra, because Hie operation to carried on entirely be neath the skin. A long incision Is made un 1er the upper Up above the teeth, so that the wlwte flap of the face can be turned luck like a mask or an old glove. Then when the metal frame work is secured the skin to drawu down again, and the nose tissue to shaped Into a Grecian. Roman or png nose us deaired. a fl to a II» Bereu yean ago Dr. Weir got bis first it- Ideas front French publications, but has rince made many inodlfleatiioiw 1-, ' 'tthei- promiueitt <af sum as vt. Atme, OK ver. a.ied Dr. KUlglst. Thèoperation to comparatively rimj^e.*aud ad Imre succeeded In tvstoring noses, which, A they are not of service in distinguish ing l«d odont from good, are at lernst by iHia-uttfUl in looking natural.—Now York Tribune. Th« Growth of th« Body. Up to a certain period in life the body grows; the process continues gen evuLLy up to the twentieth year, and even beyond. When the growth erases, it is not that new material cease« to be added to the body, for th'.« Is JQ ceasing. y being effected to supply the |£ncc of those con»?; tueuis of the frame which are continually bring used up, but the balance between the food when aud assimilated aud rhe waste of the body to equalized, and after growth has erased this balance—with tho exception of fatty dopo«ilRj-4s, during health, maintained with but Kiltie variafiou during tbe years of Mfe's prime. When old age comes on— that to, after the sixtieth year-4be bal ance inclines the o»tiher way; the waste now exceeds the reparative nutriment which h to in the power of the system to receive and (£al»otlate, and the t is sue« o.l diminii-h In bulk, the stature even becoming lees. Growth, or in crease of size of the body as a whole, or of any part of h, to dependent as n beMthy luot-eo flret on a proper mivautw of nervous eseJtariou, and eecond'ly on a due supply of healthy blood. Voinig iieople .require nutri ment, uot only to sustain the waiting procès»« <ut respiration and of tho in. », or change or movement, but they require also »uffleicut to supply the growing tlswura of their eUtire body wwh the various element» which go to penfetit their canipoWHikm. If tthes« element« are mot supplied, develop ment Is either arrested er, the ten dency to growth ooUtltmiug, the bo:to« am rkwucs generally tengthen wfch out actiui-ring their bealvby subsca.ice. —Now York Lodger. go ent vet aud the very I a.« iu»4 by any dompiu«, of face, aud gofd, been and pire ness. nt we or ture, en Bullets Deflected by Electricity. At a recent rifle meeting In Switzer land It was discovered, according to a Geneva journal's report, Thgt the stoel j.vkctcd bUHIOts of the marikumen were bwerved from their course by the in fluence of telegraph and telephone wiires running Along aide the »trage. Experiments -were then made at Than by placing four steed cables parallel with the range, and about forty yards dildtant from It, and sending a current of 8,000 voflts through them. The ef fect, It 1# raid, wa* to turn the buHots so far from the course that the devki vfou amounted to twenty-four parte on a range of 260 yards. The bull ns on being taken from Th* targets were found to be magnetized. Next, ont an urt/flery rang# of 3,000 yards, the el.tc ftro-magnetic Influence wa# generated 200 yard* in fronft of the targets ami forty yante no on* side. The projec tiles were -swerved 14 degrees from a straight fine. ing by tbe the by sary wo« shea The "ptrite" fi-cteh to a new Iuven il ctg lu sponging cOdth aud «11 wool drees uwttcnte'te. I)t effronwLGy stortnkt tf.om so tlhey «re not affedted in GOSSIP FOR THE FAIR SEX. SOME ITEMS OF INTEREST ON THE FASHIONS. Practical Philanthropy. Trlmmad Skirts Th« lhaatr« Hat Problam. Har Lug* gaga. PRACTICAL PHILANTHROPY. Iiady Henry Somerset's Interest In Che sufferings of the Armenians Is Of a very practical aort. Haring learuc*! that Che refugees In Bulgaria were in dfrrtro-s, «he has sent a woman doctor nnd two trained nurses from Louden to «re for those who are »lek. A ref uge Is to be built and the work carried on under Che auspices of the World's Woman's Christlau Temperance Union. TRIMMED SKIRTS. The farfbiou for trimmed skin« seems to be gaining favor very rapidly, and the dretfemuker* asaure'you with great confidence That they have come to stay. One of Worth's latest gems in cloth is trimmed round the skirt to the knee with ewo-lnoh bias bands of velvet in a contracting color, and an inch and a half »pace between each one. Other skirts are trimmed downward from tho top to the knee With rows of braid or vdvet set around so that They are a little lower in front than at the back. For tho«e who ore not tall enough to bear this mode of decoration the bauds are put in the seams from the waint h»if way down or up from the bottom, and a pretty effect to made, with braid in two widths, the wider in the centre, making Three rows on each seam, fin ished with a long trefoil at the end. THE THEATRE HAT PROBLEM. It to expected thaJ butterfly bonnets W?N txf.rv I The prol/tm of theatre bats. Although most women remove their baits 1n Theatres nowadays, many of them would like to be spared the troub le. Now, we have a spreading butter fly on top of the head, whose gauzy wings are transparent, and which takes up so little space titan the effect on the person behind to that of*no bonnet nt all, WbKe the wearer feels that her lrttad to properly dressed without the trouble of removing a bonnet. The butterflies are fastened ou with stick pins, which, In their turn, are often butterflies, too. llsvi Adresser» threaten lo Introduce butterfly chignons, nut tiny may not do it. Few women in these days remember -When the chignon was worn, and to those that do remem ber It, the thought of a revival of the hideous style of coiffure Is not Invit ing.—New York Advertiser. nER LUGGAGE. A woman who «pends her summers abroad Says that (this last year she took with her only two satcbeLs by way of baggage. * tfbe carried in these another gown, An extra waitot and several.changes of umlcrelothiug. Ad«t. the extra wa >-•• town to have" .auuUered, or eouKl buy anything rc<i ulred nearly as cheaiAy, that «he dhl not need the supply on hand. Thu*, although »he was laughed at by the friends In her iwrty for her lightt luggage, and although rite had never gone before without a trunk, .-.he came to an importante conclusion. "1 always learn something iu each Euro pean Journey," she remarks now. ''Last summer I learned better than ever to Bhe never once wore go alxnrt wtiit-h two sateferia again. "Next summer I intend to take but one."—Pittsburg Dispatch. es at or EMBOSSED VELVET. Etnlxiesed velvet la one of the novri ttea of tin* season, and will be worn for very handsome trained gowns and for elaborate wraps. It is a quite differ ent »tuff from tbe old-fashioned stiff and ugly embossed velvet, whose pat terns were usually large, unnatural palm leaves and queer geometrical de signs. The new ones have moire or satin grounds lu a 2 the delkxito velvet de sign being iu black, rhe embossed vel vet design being in one or more colors, aud In a flue graceful trail of vines and blossom«. A whlre moire, deCJrately traced over with the emboswed velvet, in wood browns ami greens, is charming, as is pompadour bouquets, in colors, and then striited with narrow bars of em bossed claret coCored velvet. Moire grounds in aH tbe »lindes of the ultra-fashionable gray are em bossed with black velvet figure« and plalded taffeta silks are spla»hed with broken lines of embossed Mack velvet very effectively. FANS OLD AND NEW. Bince «he very first fan wa« used—a palm leaf pocsibiy—to excite a current of odr by Ube agitation of a broad sur face, almost every substance of beauty aud diurafelKlty 1ms been used In the manufacture of fans. Carved wood, Ivory and Torftoteeshril, carved and cftdbed, fretted or hrtard with «liver or gofd, or incrudfed with jewels, have ail been utlttzed in the eketcPon of «ticks and frames. Sb.ks and satins, feathers, gauze and cfeicken skin have been stretched upon them, and further beautified l>y the pointing and bespanglement of the Em pire period, and lace of cobweb fine ness. En passant, we may as well ex plain. lert oar readers are wondering nt the size of the Chicken« who are to furnVh enough material for a fan, tha* we «Hude to a special fciud of vellum or parriimeot, extremely fine in tex ture, and sometimes semi-transparent, which to TechnkafiLy known as "chick en slrin." of of of of GIRLS IN THE C50AL PITS. Miss OUve Logau gives au interest ing account of The agitation Instituted by a wealthy Eng.tebwoman, Miss Mutter, opposing Hgtoterton ngain-rt tbe Interests of poor gkLa who work at the moutilw of coal pita. Borne prudish people claimed that the coutume worn by these gtrta, which to octualy neces sary in Their work, was Humoral. A measure probib:ting it had been intro duced, had passed the Commons and wo« about to pass tbe House of Lords, shea Iffioi hails« tt^uMoisd ere herstUf with the facts In the «se, d, terra hied to prevent It. She took a delegation of pit wome: from Northumberland to London a: her own expense, hired a large hall in the Strand and «lied a mass-meeting. The girl«, dressed la their working clothes, sat beside the speakers, who In turn told the ptopîe what a cruel thing It would be to deprive these poor girt* of their Inherited occupation, as sometime« whole families were depen dent upon their Inborn. The wora*>n were urged with loud cheers to with the cnwwde. The girls were take:i to the House of Ixwde, and when the t'tled mom bent saw the modest-looking women dressed In a respectable cos t nine of serge trousers reaching to their feet, and flannri blouses hanging below their knee«, und heard the ward ship« that would rratrtt from the sup pression of -their labor, they threw out the bill. M:*s Logan says she nerer aaceria.n «1 the name« of those who so nearly succeeded in having the bill made a law, but was told they belonged to that elass referred to by Mrs. Browning ns "Good Christians, who sit still in easy chains, and damn the general world for standing up."—New York Tribune. go ou FIVE REVOLUTIONARY WIDOWS. Esther Damon, of the Uamldt of Ply mouth Unkin, Wluttoor county, Vt., 13 miles from the city of RUliaud, to said to be tbe ouly pensioner of the Rezo luriouary war no«w living In New Eng land. She was born in Plymouth Aug. 1, 1811. On Sept. C, 1835, Ehe was «Mt. ned to Noah Damon, who had been a volunteer from Massachusetts. He wo« granted a pension shortly before his death. Hi« widow bus had a pen sion of 980 a year «nee 1842. Esther Danton keeps herself inform ed of the condition of the I tot of pen lionet« of the Itevv/.-Utiion. She says: "I am one of the last five widows of the Revolutionary war who receive pemfkms from the Government." An other is Nancy Jones, former widow of James Darling, who entered the ser vice from North Oaroiina. She now lives In Joncwboro, Tenu., and 1s in her riuety-foun-h year. Rebecca Mayo, widow of Stephen Mayo, who served from Virginia, 1s another. She row lives at Newberry, Va. She to In her eighty-fourth year. Mary Snead to the widow of Bow doln Snead, who was in service to the credit of the Old Dominion. She is in her eighty -second year, and live« at I'arkelcy, Va. Nancy Weakbennore Is the widow of Robert Glascock, wno served to tbe credit of Virginia. She to in her eigbty-aevcmh year, and lives at Llndback, Tenu. BeriUcs the five widows there are three* daughters enjoying pena.oua through special acts of Congress for their relief. Susannah Chadwick is the daughter of El lira Chadwick, who served to the credit of New York. She to in her rigbty-eecond year, and lives nt Emporium, Pa. Sarah C. Huribnrt is the daughter of Elijah Weeks, woo, likç Noah Damon, served in the later to ~ W '' P four *1 ^^ a " Tl. Jiflfc re yvara of ago. wHI soon be Her borne to at Lehnt bum Valley. Pa. Anna M. Slaughter to the daughter of Philip Slaughter, who served to tbe credit of the Old Dominion. She Is In her eighty-seventh year, and lives at Mk-hed'a Station, Vp. EWolter Damon is physically well pre served and recalls/iivcn 1 ta readily and correctly. She keeps abreast of tl|4time«.—New York Times. I to and be two ana are a daily paper and FASHION* NOTES. Furs In gray tonla are very popular. Great masses of;flowers will be seen on all tbe spring hat«. Unique bonbon boxes are In the form of prim Quaker maidens. Tbe nowest thing In wedding vrile to tulle with a ruble of rose point nil around the edge. Belts of Mae satin are «ometum* gathered at interrhs up and down and the »pitches cover«! with Jet sequins. Violets, and errttj poarible shade of -these mode«* flowns, are to be worn more than ever dfring the coming sea son. Boleros of htce and wide draped belts fastened wltfli rhinetitone buckles are features of yveddlng gowns this wttttm. Muffs grow more fanciful day by day. The fur ones eveu are ruffled and var ious heads add ta the unique style of the plaines* hand-warmers. Embroidery on the various textiles manufactured fori gowns ha« become a flue art. Necesaar Ily tt greatly increas es tbe cot* of the : inMbed garment. The cuOJt ablet outlines the figure at the shlea, Um f . closely in the back, trad to loose in f ont, is the favorite «tyle, and bid« fu ir to be for omuv mouths to come. A bunch of flo veto attached to the ends of sash rib ons, either together or singly, to one oj yjie novriaiew seen in this srafton s baR dresses, and the ef fect to good. Of i-ourw, U must be so placed that it will not be crushed when the wearer sits. Nature to edtirc ty out of the race In the question of oc lor in imdr, since she never provides at y new fadbioos, ami new tints in hair brought out by some presumably hium .esta preparation ore one of tbe tatuuK attractions the hair dresser lias to oll er. Imitating marqj "try 1« a new kind ! eh to being done by A and the Princess je mach to make it ltd of painting which t, and la a very per rutNtter of pearl. of work in art w women hi Mug,* of WV.es ha» do popular. It as a k admit* of a podto f«ft hUrtAtwo of OJoee fitting Jacket* of for, with a abort basque and rtotnt oxter are one of the flee ing i ksklons of the day. They fasten on th a-jlde. and i-pe sleeve« are of brov^-vw^^ if Ü 1 ® fUT brown, or bl a <* M Ä to Persian lamb, and the belt to a firUdiant jewelled band of narrow Ruwfis 11 ff»Fn. Velvet ribbon, in blatdt as wOU a» colore, to modi employed for dress u-nntulng hi Parte. R»»« « of ribbon In different wiv*h* are sewn ou rhe «k1«s, rlceven are »alpe' "ttth it, aud bodice«» whi- h, and a very novel combiiMktuouItu a ,ttie ecru doth trim med WVilli ere t ; rotor ed velvet rib* bvn. a: in a UK IN OLD MEXICO. Seme of Its Featurss Bristly Set Forth In ■ String of Paragraphs. The ladles never flirt. American apples are retailed for tl a dozen. The women have not yet adopted the bicycle. Boluiers wear a Vncu uniform when on fatigue duty. Good household servants arc pail from |4 to |8 a month. You clap your hands to stop the street car or call a waiter. Men arrested for drunkenness are made to sweep the streets. The devout Cathode always raise« Ms hat while puling a church. There are free band concerts id all the cities at least once a week. You can hire the finest cob on the ntr«A for two sliver dollars an hour. It til quite the proper thing to take a ITtle mip after the midday meal. The peons wear sandals made of sole leather, and prefer them to shoes. Ohuivli bells are rung ns fast and sharp a* fire bells In the United States. You may listen for a year and never bear an angry word spoken In Spanish. Tt never gets cold enough to kill tbe grftfs or leaves on tbe hurdler trees. The bananas that are considered best by many ore only about two inches long. The largest business house« are closed for an hour and a half in tbe middle of the day. Turkeys are driven to market through the main streets of tbe cities, just like sheep. Even the peon's wife has a piece of drawn work to cover her husband's dinner basket. The departing lady kisses her lady friehd on both cheeks at the door or on the Street ear. The Federal telegraph has recently inaugurated a night service, and ti-u words can be «ent for ten ceuts. Nobody chews tobacco, but nearly everybody smoke« cigare.*es, including most of the women of the lower olassos. White paper is one of this fhiugs that are expensive. Ordinary news paper costs about 10 cents isrlver) a pound. One of tbe favorite sweets for chil dren is sugar cane. It Is sold In pieces about 18 Inches long for 1 centavo each. You can buy all 'the beautiful flowers you can carry borne in a -feasiiel basket lor an American half do-iiar. Babies und children all wear h.i'f socks, and are happy with bare 1er» wuen ->oruhern visitor» «require over coats. The weather is not subject to com ment unless it 1« bad. It Is as a rule so fine that It furutohes no variety of conversation. The stamp Daw te-'very thoroughly enforced. Every form of commercial paper, from check to contract, eoa tnou tes to the revenue. The hiss Is used almost as univers ally among the French, not only to at tract some one's attention, hUt to de note approval. The street car mules make better time ^^ rM n an y outer country In the worth. a full - «W«ttUMUUU4 Horses with till Is (wore than twelve to eighteen Inches long are rare et ceptions, its the tails of fashionable coach horses are Invariably docked. Everybody »bakes hands at meeting and parriug, even though the vtoft may be ou tbe sttect corner and lasts July two minutes. Banks are capitalized for immense sums ami have very strict regulations, ana failures among These institutions are practically unknown. Tbe politeness the common people show each other and their affection for their children are a never-ending soiiree of pleasure to foreigners. r-very one is required by law to keep a bowl of water in the entry way of hto house for ahe convenience of dogs, so that they wiU uot go mad from thirst The waiter will give you a complete change of plate, knife and fork with every separate order of meat or vege tables, aud the style is to eat but one thing at a time. Very few horses are used except in carriages. The HttCe nudes pull and Big two immense loads. carry wheeled carts are used almost exclu sively for all kinds of drayage. There is an excellent Federal tele graph system, and nothing can bapocu in the whole republic of any lmpoit wfealtever thak Fretrideut Diaz «nee does not know of it almost immediate iy. A gentleman would almost feel dis graced to be seen carrying a two pound package or bis Hatched on the puUic street. Servants attJ carriers are so cheap that such work Is always left to them. Fires are almoirt unknown. Cooking Is done witfh a little chare-owl in wtoves made of masonry, and as the houses universally built of stone and bricks, anJ have no chimney«, there Is llttie ohauce for conflagrations. Gentlemen rarely drive, and Mexican ladies never do. If they do not have their own carriage and cooChman they tire cobs, a here are very few nga, even in the City of Mexico, that can be hired wKbout a driver. Asfide from fresh fruits, whkflt are always served abundantly, desert to almost unknown on t*»e average home or hotel taMe. A dtdee, or simple »weet of some kind, is served at «he end of the mead, but It rarely consist* -of more Than a very small portion of preserved frott or a Itttflc tarit about the size of a dollar. Everybody buys a lottery ticket once a week, -ven the peons gather up ten cents for a fraction of a ticket, and many peopte claim that as it I« the only real Cuxury or pleasure they can Afford they should not be deprived of tt. Many families give the servait money for the lottery ticket when site goes ont to do the marketing, and some firms even keep a lottery account, setting aside so much each month lor tite purchase of tickets.—'Modern Mexico. to a arc In Not on the Map In a certain New England town there once lived a wealthy but diliterate nun, wfeo owned mauy tailing vessels and foil!owed their routxe over tbe vxi* by the aid of an eaonaou* aiaa. A neighbor who stopped on one occasion «o «*« him on a matter of butane«», was ushered h*o the library, where he found the tot ip owner, with his «pec —cles astride hie note, pouring over the aaCas, which was spread open on the table before him. "I'm glad you've come In," safe) he, rifting to grasp his guest's band cor «Hally, "for there's « VI title point you may be able to help me about. I've, just had a letter from one of my cap. tains, and he tells me that lie's been In a fearful storm and didn't know but the vessel would go to pieces. "He's a well-educated man, and be uses first-rate language," said the ship owner, proudly; "11 just read you out the passage from bis letter that pus sies me. lie soya. The wares rose like mountains, and the storm raged about us, while nothing but the vivid lightning broke the pitchy gloom, llut although death seemed likely to be our portion, we were saved; drir.rn before tbe wind ami put into great jeopardy, but still here I am, peu in hand,' "Now, wbat I warn to know is," said the ship owner, as be refoCded the sheet from which he had read the precious extra-eft, and placed it care fully In his -wallet, "what 1 want to know is, Where Is Great Jeopardy? I know it's somewhere on the Mediter ranean, but I cant seem to find It on this peSky map, anywhere!"—Youth's Companion. ■ tl the the are all a on a CEMS HAVE DISEASES. r Some Precious Stones Los« Color, Some Fad« and Di«, Others Chip and Crack. Gems have d-Jseastes just as men and women do, wfth this difference, that The Infirmities of precious atone« cau rarely be cured. Some gems deteriorate, grow old, In other words, and grad ually become iifeleM. Pearls are mort subject to w* fate, and no means bave been found to reiftore thorn to life. Among infirmities to which precious «tune« are liable to one common to all colored »Tones, that of fading, or lostu« color when long exposed to th« light. The emerald, the sapphire, and the ruby (suffer Che least, their colors being as nearly permanent as colors can be, yet experiments made a few years ago In IMris and Berlin to determine the deterioration of colorie»« gems through exposure showed that even these auf fured, a ruby which bad lain for two years In a »hour window being per cepfibl y.lpbicr in tint »than Its original mate, which was kept in darkness. The causes of the change are uot very (fear, even to expert ebenda:«, but 1t to evident that the action of the llgnt cu The coloring matter of the gem effects a deterioration, riow but ex ceedingly sure. In the rase of tbe garnet and topas the change to more rapid than in that of rhe ruby and sapphire, but there Is a curious difference in the result in topaz and garnet, for wkHo rhe bit ter grows lighter, the former appear» f > become cloudy and dull In hue, los ing much of the brightness character fcrfle of a newly cut gem. For ages tbe opal has had the un enviable reputation of feeing the moot unlucky of gern«, and it to bettered thltt tbe^ jeweler-* tticmsrives were snipentthlous and hard hicF^AfrbV connected wfth It, rince to tbe polici ers and setters It la one of the most trouUeeume gen» on their list. Mierwonlsts «ay that the prismatic colors and fine of tbe opal are due to myriads of minute crack« In the body of ihe «Done, tbe edges of which rc fleot the light at different angles ami give The hue« so much admired. A dfone fuH of cracks to liable to split in two at any time, and disasters of thia kind, especially in tbe process of grind ing and polishing, have occurred so often that every gem polishing house has Its store of hard luck »torie« In connection with the opal. After the gem is «et and «oW th« load is token off tbe mind of die man ufacturer aud transferred to that of the wearer. Opals that have success fully passed tbe ordeals of grinding, poOtoblug and setting do not often crack afterward, but it Is beat not to expose them to even moderate heat In volved by the wearer sitting in front of an open fire, for the opal to coto posed principally of iHlclc arid, with from five to thirteen per cent, of water, a combiuHiaion which renders them very treacherous objects. The !dea that they bring disaster to the wearer may be dismissed as »uperarft-ioo«. Of dll precious stone«, however, th« opal to most open to be diseased.— New York Herald. " of it! U« go to are the in kin It Pidgin English; * The curious vernacular known as pKlglu English to a strange mixture of English, Chinese and Portuguese, and to used by most of the natives at Hong kong and other Chinese ports hi their intercourse with foreigners. Its basis consL»ts in turning tbe consonants "r" into *i" and "v" Into 'fe," adding a final "ev" or "ee" to moat words, and, aboro aM, the constant use of tbe word "pidgin," which means business in the messt extended sense of the word. No* long sine« a gentleman In Hongkong wa* interrupted fey his «errant, a boy of 14, who rutabed into the office in an excited manner to inform bis master that -tfto wife had presented him with a daughter. He gracefully and deli cately made tbe announcement 1n pid gin English in these words: "MUtpt Bmitlb bab got one plecee small cow cbKo!" Telegrams of Congratulation. "Sending « ttfegram,'' say* a Phila delphia telegraph man, "to «orira« bird news for the ordinary man or woman. '1 hey thin* Ms expensive, and ou.y use the wires when they have to. There's one exception, however, tnd a triad of complimentary burine*« (bat most peojiCe wotfjd never ex-pecc. Whenever '.here'« a Tlabrew wedding, thou to ,of any importance, we handle «cure* of congratulation*, hundred« sometime«, from all parts of The coun try. They are sent wirh directions to deliver at a certain hour, and we gen erally »end them a! to the house or The place where the rectpftSon 1« held In one bunch. Its a good Thing for Tbe company, for -the sendet« don't count tae words, and L.e iUt«Lr triegrtro« without any revision, they run up to 100 or 150 words.' Bomoämes The school children of Sweden plant about 000,000 trees every year. to THE JOKERS' BUDGET JESTS AND YARNS BY FUNNY MEN OF THE PRESS. At tha Dantlat'a. Cot tha Bool. Train* Ing tha Kid's Voioa. Tha Propar Thing, Symptoms. at rim nimsi'a. Ilia band lay on her hair Her face ao fair, Upturned to hi*, Bespoke tbe truth; And he, with subtle care Her thought did «hare. A abriek-a whizz I lie bad tbe tooth. OOT THE BOOT. "Did tbe old gentleman give you hie band when you asked him for hi» daughter.- 1 " "No, hi* foot" TRAlXIftO TUX KID'* Volt*. Brown—Jones doesn't forget hi* Alma Mater. Robinson—He doesn't, eh? Brown—No, Indeed, ne'e trying ta tcacli hit baby the college yelL TUE PROPS■ T1IINO. Smith: "Don't you think your pants tre a little baggy?" Jones: "Not all; this 1* the alack sea son, you know." srnrrom "Yes, 1 think M»dge is thinking of getting married again." "Has she said ao?" "No, but she told me yesterday that her crepe veil made her heal ache. " CORRBCr DX AO210.418. Patient—"Doctor, I have very severe pains in tho right foot, about the instep and toes. What Is that a sign off Wise Phyiiciiin—•'That's a sign of rain." JAMES WAS Eionr IE IT. Mamma (to Tommy)—I am sorry you and your sister quarrelled over that orange, and that James bad to interfere. Whose part did James take ? Tommy—Whose part? lie took the whole orange. Aft EXPLANATION Miss Prude (while out walking with her younger sister thinks she is rudely treated)—"Were you staring at me, sir?" Strange Gen tie man—' 'Bless yon, no, madam. I was admiring your liuto grand daughter." A NATURAL INFERENCE. . First Lawyer: "1 believe those Jurymen are loaded." Second Lawyer: "I guess they ar«; the judge just charged them." WUT UE LOOKS POETICAL. lie—Don't you think Scribbler'looks Very poetical? • She—Yes. especially tbe fringe around tbe bottom of bis trousers: A SUOOESTIOft. The Victim.—There Is the description of tbe property. Is there anything el»« I can do? The Detective.—Well— er -you might make the reward payable In advance. SOME EftCOUBAOEMEftT. Il«r Papa—Has my daughter given you any encouragement, sir? Mr. Loveday—Well— er— she said yot wer« an awfully generous parent m,tu ffénife. _ " TWi y n? of them guys in Sing Slug goin' cruy be cause they can't git to work. Wayworn Watson —A feller that will go crazy wantin' work Is dead nutty to begin with. AUATBCR PltoVolRAPIlT. Edwin (amateur photographer)—That's it! Another plate spoiled. Angelina—What spoiled it? Edwin—The light of your eyes. F. Ü— Engaged. A SPLENDID DOG. "I once posse««J a s; !eudld dog who could always distinguish between a vaga bond and a respectable person " "Well, what's become of hint?" "Oh. I was obliged to give him away. U« bit me." trSMOtOLS SRCRRTIYENRSS. Tbe Young Wife—I am afraid Georg« was intoxicated last night The Sympathizing Friend—He didn't go to b d with his sho s on, did be.' "No; but be took them off and tucked them under his pillow." RR ADVKKTl-KD FOR FAIR. Wife—Be sure to advertise for Fido in the morning newspaper*. Next day the wife read as follows in tbe newspaper: •Ten Dollars Reward.—Lost, a mangy lapdog, with one eye and no tail. Too fat to walk Respond» to the name of Fido. Smells like a monkey house. If returned stuffed, (bitty dollars reward." Aft Aar CKMICISU. "1 won 1er what the meaning of that picture is ? Tbe youth an 1 the maideu are in a tender attitude." She—"Oh, don't you see? He has Just asked her to marry him. and she is ac cepting him. How sweet! What does the artist call the picture.'" He (looking about)—"Oh, I see. If« written on a cord at the bottom. 'Sold.' " A VAIN MARCH. Tbe Cannibal Chief wa* clearly angry. "Did you not inform me," ho demanded, "that the new missionary was a nun of innate delicacy r Tbe minion cringed. * It was so state.1 in the invoic \ Sire," lie faltered. The SAvage Nabob laid down bis nap kin with a jar that spilled the gravy.boat "Well, then," he blundered, "you hnd It 1 I'm fond of imported delicacies 1" 1! Light Reflected in a Bird's Ey«. A taxidermist «X Northwood, N. has been making experiments aa to the effect of light reflected In a bird'» eye. A glass, seven or eight Inches In duunrter, bas been found most aer v*eeab>. The antics of blue jays are remarkable when the light strikes tlMiu as they tot in the shadow of an evergreen tree. They Jump to another branch ami try to look Into «he light, but they have to turn away, aa the light dazzles them. Then they fly •round Ube reflector, lost after prac tice ou to able to keep the tight al ways an them, and the birds uot in frequently come uuia's hand. A «earth'd look when the light ttrikaa him. — en It Jumps, and away It goes. Hawk#, too, are uvuariy ntartied or annoyed so tlwtt tiu-y ily off. Wood peckers don't M-cat «o mind It nt «U. Robbttw blink and «tare at « gjtss for a while, then go around a stump anti <t tip attain, aa If waiting for the fight to play mg wWh them. I :hiu reach of A rl grouse gives a ft cost« Hi no' s $2,000,000 annually to puuteb crmwmla.