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The Port Gibson reveille. [volume] (Port Gibson, Miss.) 1890-current, March 25, 1897, Image 2

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86090233/1897-03-25/ed-1/seq-2/

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A POWDER MAGAZINE,
MAKING EXPLOSIVES FOR UNCLE
SAM'S NAVY.
Largs Sized Crains now Used. A Visit to
the Big Government Storehouse Among
the N«»/ Jersey Hills.
v one follows the road that leads
from the town of Dover, N. J.,
muong the craggy and rock-seamed
bllto of Morris Oouitty, he to surprised
on approaching what scouts to be the
«summit of this desolate assemblage
to find Mo-elf confronted by a heavy
IJtrte bearing the legend, "U. S. Naval
ldw-der Magazine-No Smoking.
From the top of the hill, says tin*
Washington Star, floats the -Stars and
Stripes, and below Its frowning crest
cl ust cm a group of loug, low, yellow
brick buildings, within whose walls
la concentrated a force mighty enough
to shake oven those "eternal hills" to
their foundations. For miles on either
«hie, taking in the double Hue of lof'y
ME« and the valley that Mn between,
»crotches the government preserve,
without a sign of fife to di-si urib the
fcohnim grandeur of the «JJItude save
where tine brigUt-bucd banner boats
above the IMfte group of buildings in
the heart of the wilderness.
At first thought Chore to «omethiug
fl niONt ImRorousfiy Incongruous In the
1dm of connecting this »Impregnable
and -almost Inaccessible fatatnma with
the uavy. But when one Cooks through
the yellow brick' buildings on the hili
Ktde his aiteuV.on to attracted io an
Interesting nnd lloCe-knowu part of
tue vsenemo of national defense, trait
of preparing and storing -the force
which makes our great Booting fort
resses effective.
Though much has been written
about the navy and naval service of
»'he United State« within the i*ast fow
months, the manner in which the new
up
»•
%
-navy is supplied with powder seem»
to have escaped nttemCou.
Tt to nn important subject, too, as a
brief calculation wM enable the reader
I» determine to bto own satisfaction.
The bai-tfesibijw Indiana and Oregoi,
the motot powerful iu the navy, carry
four Ul-lnch, eight 8dnch And four fl
inch guns. To fire a single charge
from one oc' -the 13-Inch guns requires
ocO pouutto of powder, not counting
that Contained in the Shell Itself to
explode it. Accordingly, every time
the four chief guns of the IndlAtm's
armament speak together more than a
ton of powder to turned into noiblitg
uea».
Up-to-date powder to chiefly of two
kinds, the smokek*!» and the brown
prisiua tic, though the bLick to »til
used for Iguli-ing. It has two advuttt
nges over the oCd-fashloued kind. One
to in the Ingredients, the other lu II»
form.
The goal Which rhe maker sets al
ways before him iu preparing powder
for any gun to to Obtain the maximum
of proputoiou power without such ox
p.oMive lorce ns to wreck rhe gun it
«e v > The action of rhe pq wdvr n ow
ttsed in all rué larger guns of t he
shows tbe ntoetvwt*»- -w, ^
. ,'he probt chi.
v
The second tmpoCtant Improvenwiu
yio dcrn poWdcr Is in it« form.
Itfanr l»rt«-)ns have the klea that a.I
poW*er 1» lu the form of small graiu»,
wddc ftoiiK' Cthera, whose memory
r AU?hcs back to the civil war, r croit
-ne "cauaou" powder of that day,which
win« in the form of «muH cubes, much
like lozenges.
ro either of the»« classes the powJet
of the present .day to the most sur
liririug in appearance. Ms regular
«hope to I but of a hexagon, with a
Miinil hole nmning through the center.
The size varie«, of course, with the
bore of t -e guu for which It to intend
ed, but for the largest calibers the hex-1
ne. »us are tin inch high and n trifle
over tin In.»- In diameter. The little
Lote in the center to important, foi#ft
».ruses the Mock t» burn more evenly
aa« with greater ehwt, since the !!.'•
tun work from bora the Interior and
exterior surface. The smokeless pow
der routes Hi Hie form of flat «trips,
Feces of tape, or hi little cylinders,
tutit look for all the wo rid like maca
roni. In one respect alone to the Mack I
powitff <U|»erior to brown, In the
grata'reg ease will) which it Is ignited,
on this account, In making up the
heavy charges a 'tier of black hexagons
Is placed first, for tbe percussion cap
to act upon, and to make certain the
discharge by Igniting the other.
The essential ingredient* in rhe mak
ing of gunjA>wder, of course, remain
the «atti« now as fomeriy, the differ
ence being found to the chemical treat
ment of ft during the ''mixing" proc
roses, widen are, of course, carried on
according to rarcfUily guarded formu
la.».
Iu the mill the earliest course of ihe
powder de-uiined for Lurie Sam's Mg
gum is tumki rhe same «a that of the
boiler known kinds, Che chief differ
ence being, as noted, lus treatment un
der the chemltit's hands. Ft is rolled
in ïhe same way, but In the press room
tts tmwtment to changed ami it is
*hai>ed into hexagonal blocks before
drociUbtid 1-ntitrad of minute grain*.
After The glaring and «Imaiiug proc-ss
to ovtsr, the jiawder to taken »way :o
the packing txxMn, «nd here the really
f-nteraating part in ttte career of the
govcrntnen, powder begin*. The nix
fcided block* are pocked In fiat w pod eu
cases, lined with Tin. Where -the aides
lit on 'a small, svlgbnly raised band of
rubber runis aboUt the edge of the
ease, mak!,ng <t pmriBotaUy ailr ami
water Tight when tt 1* Closed. Those
castare shipped off to one of the pow
der 'Staitlwaw, «ay, the one among the
Dover mouutaina. When It is -possible
«0 do «O, Lue powder to usually shipped
by I*>ar, but to reach the DoreT rn-aga
»me requires part of «he journej- to be
made by rail. The fine that carries
The i»owder up nattong the hills i* a
curious VMo railroad,
grades as steep as
high wav, Wn'iCh carries little exetfrt
government freight, and where there
to no danger of oLItoion**—for the road
boatirts ottly one engine and very few
car*.
The Dover magartne 'has 'been In
existence for six or «even years,
present toctatkro wo« «cleoted patt.y
beoante the government already owuod
the land and couM not put It to any
other icxfflltafele use, fettt dhdefl.v he
of tm Ii kW i W - »NoOtthg to tte-r« J
which b:w
ose of a country
l ta
oau»e
d«ia*ku*tittafl to rhe raw —I M opera
ttou g f * powder dwpot than tcto many
ue1ghibo<n», aud ft fa prad&cady etfala
that tlhj» region wfM never be (bull* up.
Aft the magazine, -wthieh, by the way,
to made up of a number of «mail mag-i
rlnen eoatewd «Cod* (the ttXdUte a MnU
iLtata-nce »spart, the powder to unloaded
and the case« carefully ovehauled
and Inspected, to aee Thlrt their con
tent« hove escaped Injury. Tiieu they
are stored anvuy again in the nun
bered oaaea, 500 pound« In a «we. In
time the government will have a great
plant for mounting ammunition In
connection with this a ration, but at
present Iflie powder I» simply «Tored
here and re-sbiiiped to various point«
aa ft to needed.
to
the
tin*
and
to
the
in
the
an
of
of
up
»•
Rebuilding Noses.
Iu this era of reconstruction through
which Now York Is passing even noses
come lu for their share of remodelling
aud rebuiKliug. So mauy people are
aflldtal wdth a disfiguring disease
which eats away the boucs of the uxwe
aud face that "pintade surgery" has
f*fit called upon to find weans to re
store broken or decayed noses to their
original beauty, or even to improve ou
than. Di-. Robert Weir was among
the Unit to dtooorer a practical solu
Clou. He experimented -wltti some «Me
cca« lu transplanting bones of living
fowls to the human face. One of his
earlier opera: ions wa* conducted In a
►tufty Harlem flat. U-to ptfi enl was
wretched on the table under ether; her
face was laid open aud «trexmiug
Wood; but the duck, not receiving due
attention, had vachpod unnoWced from
the maBÉnat "Now, dodtor," «aid Dr.
Wetir to a dignified participant, "obl'ge
me by half-kllHing Tltait bird and ict
me have aboutt three Riches -from Its
breast-bone for tlids girl's -nose."
Ami-id the (grewsJonie sunoundi-igs
»here were ten minute« of Vigorous ex
ercise In catching the bird and reduc
ing -it to a state of lnsemdbi'llty. Sauce
then he has dispensed with live birds
and baa turned his attention to guita
jxavha, rubber, silver and gold for nose
bridges. All these failed lunaiise
«Cectrical action was genetaled requir
ing further operations. Final)', pare
ohunimnu was resorted to with satis
factory reaUlts. Now the nose boue 4s
made of that metal. .
It has a tftom hook at 'the upper end
by which tt to secured to the base of
the forehead, while tiho other end is
held out from the face by two short
legs termianting In sharp .<pikew wbr?b
are anchored In the bone. There to no
mvesaiity for ugly acatra, because Hie
operation to carried on entirely be
neath the skin. A long incision Is made
un 1er the upper Up above the teeth,
so that the wlwte flap of the face
can be turned luck like a mask or an
old glove. Then when the metal frame
work is secured the skin to drawu
down again, and the nose tissue to
shaped Into a Grecian. Roman or png
nose us deaired.
a
fl
to
a
II»
Bereu yean ago Dr. Weir got bis first
it- Ideas front French publications, but
has rince made many inodlfleatiioiw
1-, ' 'tthei- promiueitt
<af
sum as vt. Atme, OK
ver. a.ied Dr. KUlglst. Thèoperation
to comparatively rimj^e.*aud ad Imre
succeeded In tvstoring noses, which, A
they are not of service in distinguish
ing l«d odont from good, are at lernst by
iHia-uttfUl in looking natural.—Now
York Tribune.
Th« Growth of th« Body.
Up to a certain period in life the
body grows; the process continues gen
evuLLy up to the twentieth year, and
even beyond. When the growth erases,
it is not that new material cease« to
be added to the body, for th'.« Is JQ
ceasing. y being effected to supply the
|£ncc of those con»?; tueuis of the frame
which are continually bring used up,
but the balance between the food
when aud assimilated aud rhe waste
of the body to equalized, and after
growth has erased this balance—with
tho exception of fatty dopo«ilRj-4s,
during health, maintained with but
Kiltie variafiou during tbe years of
Mfe's prime. When old age comes on—
that to, after the sixtieth year-4be bal
ance inclines the o»tiher way; the waste
now exceeds the reparative nutriment
which h to in the power of the system
to receive and (£al»otlate, and the t is
sue« o.l diminii-h In bulk, the stature
even becoming lees. Growth, or in
crease of size of the body as a whole,
or of any part of h, to dependent as n
beMthy luot-eo flret on a proper
mivautw of nervous eseJtariou, and
eecond'ly on a due supply of healthy
blood. Voinig iieople .require nutri
ment, uot only to sustain the waiting
procès»« <ut respiration and of tho
in. », or change or movement, but they
require also »uffleicut to supply the
growing tlswura of their eUtire body
wwh the various element» which go to
penfetit their canipoWHikm. If tthes«
element« are mot supplied, develop
ment Is either arrested er, the ten
dency to growth ooUtltmiug, the bo:to«
am rkwucs generally tengthen wfch
out actiui-ring their bealvby subsca.ice.
—Now York Lodger.
go
ent
vet
aud
the
very
I
a.« iu»4 by any dompiu«,
of
face,
aud
gofd,
been
and
pire
ness.
nt
we
or
ture,
en
Bullets Deflected by Electricity.
At a recent rifle meeting In Switzer
land It was discovered, according to a
Geneva journal's report, Thgt the stoel
j.vkctcd bUHIOts of the marikumen were
bwerved from their course by the in
fluence of telegraph and telephone
wiires running Along aide the »trage.
Experiments -were then made at Than
by placing four steed cables parallel
with the range, and about forty yards
dildtant from It, and sending a current
of 8,000 voflts through them. The ef
fect, It 1# raid, wa* to turn the buHots
so far from the course that the devki
vfou amounted to twenty-four parte
on a range of 260 yards. The bull ns
on being taken from Th* targets were
found to be magnetized. Next, ont an
urt/flery rang# of 3,000 yards, the el.tc
ftro-magnetic Influence wa# generated
200 yard* in fronft of the targets ami
forty yante no on* side. The projec
tiles were -swerved 14 degrees from a
straight fine.
ing
by
tbe
the
by
sary
wo«
shea
The "ptrite" fi-cteh to a new Iuven
il ctg lu sponging cOdth aud «11 wool
drees uwttcnte'te. I)t effronwLGy stortnkt
tf.om so tlhey «re not affedted in
GOSSIP FOR THE FAIR SEX.
SOME ITEMS OF INTEREST ON THE
FASHIONS.
Practical Philanthropy. Trlmmad Skirts
Th« lhaatr« Hat Problam. Har Lug*
gaga.
PRACTICAL PHILANTHROPY.
Iiady Henry Somerset's Interest In
Che sufferings of the Armenians Is Of
a very practical aort. Haring learuc*!
that Che refugees In Bulgaria were in
dfrrtro-s, «he has sent a woman doctor
nnd two trained nurses from Louden
to «re for those who are »lek. A ref
uge Is to be built and the work carried
on under Che auspices of the World's
Woman's Christlau Temperance Union.
TRIMMED SKIRTS.
The farfbiou for trimmed skin« seems
to be gaining favor very rapidly, and
the dretfemuker* asaure'you with great
confidence That they have come to stay.
One of Worth's latest gems in cloth is
trimmed round the skirt to the knee
with ewo-lnoh bias bands of velvet in
a contracting color, and an inch and a
half »pace between each one. Other
skirts are trimmed downward from tho
top to the knee With rows of braid or
vdvet set around so that They are a
little lower in front than at the back.
For tho«e who ore not tall enough to
bear this mode of decoration the bauds
are put in the seams from the waint
h»if way down or up from the bottom,
and a pretty effect to made, with braid
in two widths, the wider in the centre,
making Three rows on each seam, fin
ished with a long trefoil at the end.
THE THEATRE HAT PROBLEM.
It to expected thaJ butterfly bonnets
W?N txf.rv I The prol/tm of theatre bats.
Although most women remove their
baits 1n Theatres nowadays, many of
them would like to be spared the troub
le. Now, we have a spreading butter
fly on top of the head, whose gauzy
wings are transparent, and which takes
up so little space titan the effect on the
person behind to that of*no bonnet nt
all, WbKe the wearer feels that her
lrttad to properly dressed without the
trouble of removing a bonnet. The
butterflies are fastened ou with stick
pins, which, In their turn, are often
butterflies, too. llsvi Adresser» threaten
lo Introduce butterfly chignons, nut
tiny may not do it. Few women in
these days remember -When the chignon
was worn, and to those that do remem
ber It, the thought of a revival of the
hideous style of coiffure Is not Invit
ing.—New York Advertiser.
nER LUGGAGE.
A woman who «pends her summers
abroad Says that (this last year she took
with her only two satcbeLs by way of
baggage. *
tfbe carried in these another gown,
An extra waitot and several.changes of
umlcrelothiug.
Ad«t.
the extra wa
>-••
town to have" .auuUered, or
eouKl buy anything rc<i ulred nearly as
cheaiAy, that «he dhl not need the
supply on hand.
Thu*, although »he was laughed at
by the friends In her iwrty for her
lightt luggage, and although rite had
never gone before without a trunk, .-.he
came to an importante conclusion. "1
always learn something iu each Euro
pean Journey," she remarks now. ''Last
summer I learned better than ever to
Bhe never once wore
go alxnrt wtiit-h two sateferia again.
"Next summer I intend to take but
one."—Pittsburg Dispatch.
es
at
or
EMBOSSED VELVET.
Etnlxiesed velvet la one of the novri
ttea of tin* season, and will be worn for
very handsome trained gowns and for
elaborate wraps. It is a quite differ
ent »tuff from tbe old-fashioned stiff
and ugly embossed velvet, whose pat
terns were usually large, unnatural
palm leaves and queer geometrical de
signs.
The new ones have moire or satin
grounds lu a 2 the delkxito velvet de
sign being iu black, rhe embossed vel
vet design being in one or more colors,
aud In a flue graceful trail of vines and
blossom«.
A whlre moire, deCJrately traced over
with the emboswed velvet, in wood
browns ami greens, is charming, as is
pompadour bouquets, in colors, and
then striited with narrow bars of em
bossed claret coCored velvet.
Moire grounds in aH tbe »lindes of
the ultra-fashionable gray are em
bossed with black velvet figure« and
plalded taffeta silks are spla»hed with
broken lines of embossed Mack velvet
very effectively.
FANS OLD AND NEW.
Bince «he very first fan wa« used—a
palm leaf pocsibiy—to excite a current
of odr by Ube agitation of a broad sur
face, almost every substance of beauty
aud diurafelKlty 1ms been used In the
manufacture of fans. Carved wood,
Ivory and Torftoteeshril, carved and
cftdbed, fretted or hrtard with «liver or
gofd, or incrudfed with jewels, have ail
been utlttzed in the eketcPon of «ticks
and frames.
Sb.ks and satins, feathers, gauze and
cfeicken skin have been stretched upon
them, and further beautified l>y the
pointing and bespanglement of the Em
pire period, and lace of cobweb fine
ness. En passant, we may as well ex
plain. lert oar readers are wondering
nt the size of the Chicken« who are to
furnVh enough material for a fan, tha*
we «Hude to a special fciud of vellum
or parriimeot, extremely fine in tex
ture, and sometimes semi-transparent,
which to TechnkafiLy known as "chick
en slrin."
of
of
of
of
GIRLS IN THE C50AL PITS.
Miss OUve Logau gives au interest
ing account of The agitation Instituted
by a wealthy Eng.tebwoman, Miss
Mutter, opposing Hgtoterton ngain-rt
tbe Interests of poor gkLa who work at
the moutilw of coal pita. Borne prudish
people claimed that the coutume worn
by these gtrta, which to octualy neces
sary in Their work, was Humoral. A
measure probib:ting it had been intro
duced, had passed the Commons and
wo« about to pass tbe House of Lords,
shea Iffioi hails« tt^uMoisd
ere
herstUf with the facts In the «se, d,
terra hied to prevent It.
She took a delegation of pit wome:
from Northumberland to London a:
her own expense, hired a large hall in
the Strand and «lied a mass-meeting.
The girl«, dressed la their working
clothes, sat beside the speakers, who
In turn told the ptopîe what a cruel
thing It would be to deprive these poor
girt* of their Inherited occupation, as
sometime« whole families were depen
dent upon their Inborn. The wora*>n
were urged with loud cheers to
with the cnwwde. The girls were take:i
to the House of Ixwde, and when the
t'tled mom bent saw the modest-looking
women dressed In a respectable cos
t nine of serge trousers reaching to
their feet, and flannri blouses hanging
below their knee«, und heard the ward
ship« that would rratrtt from the sup
pression of -their labor, they threw out
the bill.
M:*s Logan says she nerer aaceria.n
«1 the name« of those who so nearly
succeeded in having the bill made a
law, but was told they belonged to that
elass referred to by Mrs. Browning ns
"Good Christians, who sit still in easy
chains, and damn the general world for
standing up."—New York Tribune.
go ou
FIVE REVOLUTIONARY WIDOWS.
Esther Damon, of the Uamldt of Ply
mouth Unkin, Wluttoor county, Vt., 13
miles from the city of RUliaud, to said
to be tbe ouly pensioner of the Rezo
luriouary war no«w living In New Eng
land. She was born in Plymouth Aug.
1, 1811. On Sept. C, 1835, Ehe was «Mt.
ned to Noah Damon, who had been a
volunteer from Massachusetts. He
wo« granted a pension shortly before
his death. Hi« widow bus had a pen
sion of 980 a year «nee 1842.
Esther Danton keeps herself inform
ed of the condition of the I tot of pen
lionet« of the Itevv/.-Utiion. She says:
"I am one of the last five widows of
the Revolutionary war who receive
pemfkms from the Government." An
other is Nancy Jones, former widow of
James Darling, who entered the ser
vice from North Oaroiina. She now
lives In Joncwboro, Tenu., and 1s in her
riuety-foun-h year. Rebecca Mayo,
widow of Stephen Mayo, who served
from Virginia, 1s another. She row
lives at Newberry, Va. She to In her
eighty-fourth year.
Mary Snead to the widow of Bow
doln Snead, who was in service to the
credit of the Old Dominion. She is in
her eighty -second year, and live« at
I'arkelcy, Va. Nancy Weakbennore Is
the widow of Robert Glascock, wno
served to tbe credit of Virginia. She to
in her eigbty-aevcmh year, and lives
at Llndback, Tenu.
BeriUcs the five widows there are
three* daughters enjoying pena.oua
through special acts of Congress for
their relief. Susannah Chadwick is the
daughter of El lira Chadwick, who
served to the credit of New York. She
to in her rigbty-eecond year, and lives
nt Emporium, Pa. Sarah C. Huribnrt
is the daughter of Elijah Weeks, woo,
likç Noah Damon, served in the later
to ~ W '' P
four *1
^^
a
" Tl. Jiflfc
re yvara of ago.
wHI soon be
Her borne to at Lehnt bum Valley. Pa.
Anna M. Slaughter to the daughter of
Philip Slaughter, who served to tbe
credit of the Old Dominion. She Is In
her eighty-seventh year, and lives at
Mk-hed'a Station, Vp.
EWolter Damon is physically well pre
served and recalls/iivcn 1 ta readily and
correctly. She
keeps abreast of tl|4time«.—New York
Times. I
to
and
be
two
ana
are
a daily paper and
FASHION* NOTES.
Furs In gray tonla are very popular.
Great masses of;flowers will be seen
on all tbe spring hat«.
Unique bonbon boxes are In the form
of prim Quaker maidens.
Tbe nowest thing In wedding vrile
to tulle with a ruble of rose point nil
around the edge.
Belts of Mae satin are «ometum*
gathered at interrhs up and down and
the »pitches cover«! with Jet sequins.
Violets, and errttj poarible shade of
-these mode«* flowns, are to be worn
more than ever dfring the coming sea
son.
Boleros of htce and wide draped
belts fastened wltfli rhinetitone buckles
are features of yveddlng gowns this
wttttm.
Muffs grow more fanciful day by day.
The fur ones eveu are ruffled and var
ious heads add ta the unique style of
the plaines* hand-warmers.
Embroidery on the various textiles
manufactured fori gowns ha« become a
flue art. Necesaar Ily tt greatly increas
es tbe cot* of the : inMbed garment.
The cuOJt ablet outlines the figure
at the shlea, Um f . closely in the back,
trad to loose in f ont, is the favorite
«tyle, and bid« fu ir to be for omuv
mouths to come.
A bunch of flo veto attached to the
ends of sash rib ons, either together
or singly, to one oj yjie novriaiew seen in
this srafton s baR dresses, and the ef
fect to good. Of i-ourw, U must be so
placed that it will not be crushed when
the wearer sits.
Nature to edtirc ty out of the race In
the question of oc lor in imdr, since she
never provides at y new fadbioos, ami
new tints in hair brought out by some
presumably hium .esta preparation ore
one of tbe tatuuK attractions the hair
dresser lias to oll er.
Imitating marqj "try 1« a new kind
! eh to being done by
A and the Princess
je mach to make it
ltd of painting which
t, and la a very per
rutNtter of pearl.
of work in art w
women hi Mug,*
of WV.es ha» do
popular. It as a k
admit* of a podto
f«ft hUrtAtwo of
OJoee fitting Jacket* of for, with a
abort basque and rtotnt oxter are one
of the flee ing i ksklons of the day.
They fasten on th a-jlde. and i-pe sleeve«
are of brov^-vw^^ if Ü 1 ® fUT
brown, or bl a <* M Ä to Persian lamb,
and the belt to a firUdiant jewelled band
of narrow Ruwfis 11 ff»Fn.
Velvet ribbon, in blatdt as wOU a»
colore, to modi employed for dress
u-nntulng hi Parte. R»»« « of ribbon In
different wiv*h* are sewn ou rhe «k1«s,
rlceven are »alpe' "ttth it, aud bodice«»
whi- h, and a very novel
combiiMktuouItu a ,ttie ecru doth trim
med WVilli
ere t
; rotor ed velvet rib*
bvn.
a:
in
a
UK IN OLD MEXICO.
Seme of Its Featurss Bristly Set Forth In ■
String of Paragraphs.
The ladles never flirt.
American apples are retailed for tl
a dozen.
The women have not yet adopted the
bicycle.
Boluiers wear a Vncu uniform when
on fatigue duty.
Good household servants arc pail
from |4 to |8 a month.
You clap your hands to stop the
street car or call a waiter.
Men arrested for drunkenness are
made to sweep the streets.
The devout Cathode always raise«
Ms hat while puling a church.
There are free band concerts id all
the cities at least once a week.
You can hire the finest cob on the
ntr«A for two sliver dollars an hour.
It til quite the proper thing to take a
ITtle mip after the midday meal.
The peons wear sandals made of sole
leather, and prefer them to shoes.
Ohuivli bells are rung ns fast and
sharp a* fire bells In the United States.
You may listen for a year and never
bear an angry word spoken In Spanish.
Tt never gets cold enough to kill tbe
grftfs or leaves on tbe hurdler trees.
The bananas that are considered best
by many ore only about two inches
long.
The largest business house« are
closed for an hour and a half in tbe
middle of the day.
Turkeys are driven to market
through the main streets of tbe cities,
just like sheep.
Even the peon's wife has a piece
of drawn work to cover her husband's
dinner basket.
The departing lady kisses her lady
friehd on both cheeks at the door or on
the Street ear.
The Federal telegraph has recently
inaugurated a night service, and ti-u
words can be «ent for ten ceuts.
Nobody chews tobacco, but nearly
everybody smoke« cigare.*es, including
most of the women of the lower olassos.
White paper is one of this fhiugs
that are expensive. Ordinary news
paper costs about 10 cents isrlver) a
pound.
One of tbe favorite sweets for chil
dren is sugar cane. It Is sold In pieces
about 18 Inches long for 1 centavo
each.
You can buy all 'the beautiful flowers
you can carry borne in a -feasiiel
basket lor an American half do-iiar.
Babies und children all wear h.i'f
socks, and are happy with bare 1er»
wuen ->oruhern visitor» «require over
coats.
The weather is not subject to com
ment unless it 1« bad. It Is as a rule
so fine that It furutohes no variety of
conversation.
The stamp Daw te-'very thoroughly
enforced. Every form of commercial
paper, from check to contract, eoa
tnou tes to the revenue.
The hiss Is used almost as univers
ally among the French, not only to at
tract some one's attention, hUt to de
note approval.
The street car mules make better time
^^ rM n an y outer country In the worth.
a full - «W«ttUMUUU4
Horses with till Is (wore than twelve
to eighteen Inches long are rare et
ceptions, its the tails of fashionable
coach horses are Invariably docked.
Everybody »bakes hands at meeting
and parriug, even though the vtoft may
be ou tbe sttect corner and lasts July
two minutes.
Banks are capitalized for immense
sums ami have very strict regulations,
ana failures among These institutions
are practically unknown.
Tbe politeness the common people
show each other and their affection for
their children are a never-ending
soiiree of pleasure to foreigners.
r-very one is required by law to keep
a bowl of water in the entry way of
hto house for ahe convenience of dogs,
so that they wiU uot go mad from
thirst
The waiter will give you a complete
change of plate, knife and fork with
every separate order of meat or vege
tables, aud the style is to eat but one
thing at a time.
Very few horses are used except in
carriages. The HttCe nudes pull and
Big two
immense loads.
carry
wheeled carts are used almost exclu
sively for all kinds of drayage.
There is an excellent Federal tele
graph system, and nothing can bapocu
in the whole republic of any lmpoit
wfealtever thak Fretrideut Diaz
«nee
does not know of it almost immediate
iy.
A gentleman would almost feel dis
graced to be seen carrying a two
pound package or bis Hatched on the
puUic street. Servants attJ carriers
are so cheap that such work Is always
left to them.
Fires are almoirt unknown. Cooking
Is done witfh a little chare-owl in wtoves
made of masonry, and as the houses
universally built of stone and
bricks, anJ have no chimney«, there Is
llttie ohauce for conflagrations.
Gentlemen rarely drive, and Mexican
ladies never do. If they do not have
their own carriage and cooChman they
tire cobs, a here are very few nga,
even in the City of Mexico, that can
be hired wKbout a driver.
Asfide from fresh fruits, whkflt are
always served abundantly, desert to
almost unknown on t*»e average home
or hotel taMe. A dtdee, or simple »weet
of some kind, is served at «he end of
the mead, but It rarely consist* -of more
Than a very small portion of preserved
frott or a Itttflc tarit about the size of
a dollar.
Everybody buys a lottery ticket once
a week, -ven the peons gather up ten
cents for a fraction of a ticket, and
many peopte claim that as it I« the
only real Cuxury or pleasure they can
Afford they should not be deprived of
tt. Many families give the servait
money for the lottery ticket when site
goes ont to do the marketing, and
some firms even keep a lottery account,
setting aside so much each month lor
tite purchase of tickets.—'Modern
Mexico.
to
a
arc
In
Not on the Map
In a certain New England town there
once lived a wealthy but diliterate nun,
wfeo owned mauy tailing vessels and
foil!owed their routxe over tbe vxi*
by the aid of an eaonaou* aiaa. A
neighbor who stopped on one occasion
«o «*« him on a matter of butane«»,
was ushered h*o the library, where
he found the tot ip owner, with his «pec
—cles astride hie note, pouring over
the aaCas, which was spread open on
the table before him.
"I'm glad you've come In," safe) he,
rifting to grasp his guest's band cor
«Hally, "for there's « VI title point you
may be able to help me about. I've,
just had a letter from one of my cap.
tains, and he tells me that lie's been
In a fearful storm and didn't know
but the vessel would go to pieces.
"He's a well-educated man, and be
uses first-rate language," said the ship
owner, proudly; "11 just read you out
the passage from bis letter that pus
sies me. lie soya. The wares rose
like mountains, and the storm raged
about us, while nothing but the vivid
lightning broke the pitchy gloom, llut
although death seemed likely to be
our portion, we were saved; drir.rn
before tbe wind ami put into great
jeopardy, but still here I am, peu in
hand,'
"Now, wbat I warn to know is," said
the ship owner, as be refoCded the
sheet from which he had read the
precious extra-eft, and placed it care
fully In his -wallet, "what 1 want to
know is, Where Is Great Jeopardy? I
know it's somewhere on the Mediter
ranean, but I cant seem to find It on
this peSky map, anywhere!"—Youth's
Companion.

tl
the
the
are
all
a
on
a
CEMS HAVE DISEASES.
r
Some Precious Stones Los« Color, Some
Fad« and Di«, Others Chip and Crack.
Gems have d-Jseastes just as men and
women do, wfth this difference, that
The Infirmities of precious atone« cau
rarely be cured. Some gems deteriorate,
grow old, In other words, and grad
ually become iifeleM. Pearls are mort
subject to w* fate, and no means bave
been found to reiftore thorn to life.
Among infirmities to which precious
«tune« are liable to one common to all
colored »Tones, that of fading, or lostu«
color when long exposed to th« light.
The emerald, the sapphire, and the
ruby (suffer Che least, their colors being
as nearly permanent as colors can be,
yet experiments made a few years ago
In IMris and Berlin to determine the
deterioration of colorie»« gems through
exposure showed that even these auf
fured, a ruby which bad lain for two
years In a »hour window being per
cepfibl y.lpbicr in tint »than Its original
mate, which was kept in darkness.
The causes of the change are uot
very (fear, even to expert ebenda:«, but
1t to evident that the action of the llgnt
cu The coloring matter of the gem
effects a deterioration, riow but ex
ceedingly sure.
In the rase of tbe garnet and topas
the change to more rapid than in that
of rhe ruby and sapphire, but there
Is a curious difference in the result
in topaz and garnet, for wkHo rhe bit
ter grows lighter, the former appear»
f > become cloudy and dull In hue, los
ing much of the brightness character
fcrfle of a newly cut gem.
For ages tbe opal has had the un
enviable reputation of feeing the moot
unlucky of gern«, and it to bettered
thltt tbe^ jeweler-* tticmsrives were
snipentthlous and hard hicF^AfrbV
connected wfth It, rince to tbe polici
ers and setters It la one of the most
trouUeeume gen» on their list.
Mierwonlsts «ay that the prismatic
colors and fine of tbe opal are due to
myriads of minute crack« In the body
of ihe «Done, tbe edges of which rc
fleot the light at different angles ami
give The hue« so much admired. A
dfone fuH of cracks to liable to split in
two at any time, and disasters of thia
kind, especially in tbe process of grind
ing and polishing, have occurred so
often that every gem polishing house
has Its store of hard luck »torie« In
connection with the opal.
After the gem is «et and «oW th«
load is token off tbe mind of die man
ufacturer aud transferred to that of
the wearer. Opals that have success
fully passed tbe ordeals of grinding,
poOtoblug and setting do not often
crack afterward, but it Is beat not to
expose them to even moderate heat In
volved by the wearer sitting in front
of an open fire, for the opal to coto
posed principally of iHlclc arid, with
from five to thirteen per cent, of water,
a combiuHiaion which renders them
very treacherous objects. The !dea
that they bring disaster to the wearer
may be dismissed as »uperarft-ioo«.
Of dll precious stone«, however, th«
opal to most open to be diseased.—
New York Herald.
"
of
it!

go
to
are
the
in
kin
It
Pidgin English; *
The curious vernacular known as
pKlglu English to a strange mixture of
English, Chinese and Portuguese, and
to used by most of the natives at Hong
kong and other Chinese ports hi their
intercourse with foreigners. Its basis
consL»ts in turning tbe consonants "r"
into *i" and "v" Into 'fe," adding a
final "ev" or "ee" to moat words, and,
aboro aM, the constant use of tbe word
"pidgin," which means business in the
messt extended sense of the word. No*
long sine« a gentleman In Hongkong
wa* interrupted fey his «errant, a boy
of 14, who rutabed into the office in an
excited manner to inform bis master
that -tfto wife had presented him with
a daughter. He gracefully and deli
cately made tbe announcement 1n pid
gin English in these words: "MUtpt
Bmitlb bab got one plecee small cow
cbKo!"
Telegrams of Congratulation.
"Sending « ttfegram,'' say* a Phila
delphia telegraph man, "to «orira«
bird news for the ordinary man or
woman. '1 hey thin* Ms expensive, and
ou.y use the wires when they have to.
There's one exception, however, tnd a
triad of complimentary burine*« (bat
most peojiCe wotfjd never ex-pecc.
Whenever '.here'« a Tlabrew wedding,
thou to ,of any importance, we handle
«cure* of congratulation*, hundred«
sometime«, from all parts of The coun
try. They are sent wirh directions to
deliver at a certain hour, and we gen
erally »end them a! to the house or
The place where the rectpftSon 1« held
In one bunch. Its a good Thing for Tbe
company, for -the sendet« don't count
tae words, and L.e iUt«Lr triegrtro«
without any revision,
they run up to 100 or 150 words.'
Bomoämes
The school children of Sweden plant
about 000,000 trees every year.
to
THE JOKERS' BUDGET
JESTS AND YARNS BY FUNNY MEN
OF THE PRESS.
At tha Dantlat'a. Cot tha Bool. Train*
Ing tha Kid's Voioa. Tha Propar Thing,
Symptoms.
at rim nimsi'a.
Ilia band lay on her hair
Her face ao fair,
Upturned to hi*,
Bespoke tbe truth;
And he, with subtle care
Her thought did «hare.
A abriek-a whizz I
lie bad tbe tooth.
OOT THE BOOT.
"Did tbe old gentleman give you hie
band when you asked him for hi»
daughter.- 1 "
"No, hi* foot"
TRAlXIftO TUX KID'* Volt*.
Brown—Jones doesn't forget hi* Alma
Mater.
Robinson—He doesn't, eh?
Brown—No, Indeed, ne'e trying ta
tcacli hit baby the college yelL
TUE PROPS■ T1IINO.
Smith: "Don't you think your pants
tre a little baggy?"
Jones: "Not all; this 1* the alack sea
son, you know."
srnrrom
"Yes, 1 think M»dge is thinking of
getting married again."
"Has she said ao?"
"No, but she told me yesterday that
her crepe veil made her heal ache. "
CORRBCr DX AO210.418.
Patient—"Doctor, I have very severe
pains in tho right foot, about the instep
and toes. What Is that a sign off
Wise Phyiiciiin—•'That's a sign of
rain."
JAMES WAS Eionr IE IT.
Mamma (to Tommy)—I am sorry you
and your sister quarrelled over that
orange, and that James bad to interfere.
Whose part did James take ?
Tommy—Whose part? lie took the
whole orange.
Aft EXPLANATION
Miss Prude (while out walking with
her younger sister thinks she is rudely
treated)—"Were you staring at me, sir?"
Strange Gen tie man—' 'Bless yon, no,
madam. I was admiring your liuto grand
daughter."
A NATURAL INFERENCE.
. First Lawyer: "1 believe those Jurymen
are loaded."
Second Lawyer: "I guess they ar«; the
judge just charged them."
WUT UE LOOKS POETICAL.
lie—Don't you think Scribbler'looks
Very poetical? •
She—Yes. especially tbe fringe around
tbe bottom of bis trousers:
A SUOOESTIOft.
The Victim.—There Is the description
of tbe property. Is there anything el»«
I can do?
The Detective.—Well— er -you might
make the reward payable In advance.
SOME EftCOUBAOEMEftT.
Il«r Papa—Has my daughter given you
any encouragement, sir?
Mr. Loveday—Well— er— she said yot
wer« an awfully generous parent
m,tu ffénife. _
" TWi y n?
of them guys in Sing Slug goin' cruy be
cause they can't git to work.
Wayworn Watson —A feller that will go
crazy wantin' work Is dead nutty to begin
with.
AUATBCR PltoVolRAPIlT.
Edwin (amateur photographer)—That's
it! Another plate spoiled.
Angelina—What spoiled it?
Edwin—The light of your eyes.
F. Ü— Engaged.
A SPLENDID DOG.
"I once posse««J a s; !eudld dog who
could always distinguish between a vaga
bond and a respectable person "
"Well, what's become of hint?"
"Oh. I was obliged to give him away.
U« bit me."
trSMOtOLS SRCRRTIYENRSS.
Tbe Young Wife—I am afraid Georg«
was intoxicated last night
The Sympathizing Friend—He didn't
go to b d with his sho s on, did be.'
"No; but be took them off and tucked
them under his pillow."
RR ADVKKTl-KD FOR FAIR.
Wife—Be sure to advertise for Fido in
the morning newspaper*.
Next day the wife read as follows in
tbe newspaper:
•Ten Dollars Reward.—Lost, a mangy
lapdog, with one eye and no tail. Too fat
to walk Respond» to the name of Fido.
Smells like a monkey house. If returned
stuffed, (bitty dollars reward."
Aft Aar CKMICISU.
"1 won 1er what the meaning of
that picture is ? Tbe youth an 1 the maideu
are in a tender attitude."
She—"Oh, don't you see? He has Just
asked her to marry him. and she is ac
cepting him. How sweet! What does
the artist call the picture.'"
He (looking about)—"Oh, I see. If«
written on a cord at the bottom. 'Sold.' "
A VAIN MARCH.
Tbe Cannibal Chief wa* clearly angry.
"Did you not inform me," ho demanded,
"that the new missionary was a nun of
innate delicacy r
Tbe minion cringed. * It was so state.1
in the invoic \ Sire," lie faltered.
The SAvage Nabob laid down bis nap
kin with a jar that spilled the gravy.boat
"Well, then," he blundered, "you hnd
It 1 I'm fond of imported delicacies 1"
1!
Light Reflected in a Bird's Ey«.
A taxidermist «X Northwood, N.
has been making experiments aa to
the effect of light reflected In a bird'»
eye. A glass, seven or eight Inches In
duunrter, bas been found most aer
v*eeab>. The antics of blue jays are
remarkable when the light strikes
tlMiu as they tot in the shadow of an
evergreen tree. They Jump to another
branch ami try to look Into «he light,
but they have to turn away, aa the
light dazzles them. Then they fly
•round Ube reflector, lost after prac
tice ou to able to keep the tight al
ways an them, and the birds uot in
frequently come
uuia's hand. A
«earth'd look when the light ttrikaa
him. — en It Jumps, and away It goes.
Hawk#, too, are uvuariy ntartied or
annoyed so tlwtt tiu-y ily off. Wood
peckers don't M-cat «o mind It nt «U.
Robbttw blink and «tare at « gjtss
for a while, then go around a stump
anti <t tip attain, aa If waiting for the
fight to play mg wWh them.
I
:hiu reach of A
rl grouse gives a
ft cost« Hi no' s $2,000,000 annually
to puuteb crmwmla.

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