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A QLOOMY PICTURE.
Mr. A. C. Wharton (Jive* Timely Able Men Warning. Quoted. Mr. Editor : Though one could wish to share in the optimistic views of Mr. A. T. Montgomery, as set forth in the Reveille last week, the facts unfor tunately render this impossible. It he intimates, that is, true, aa throughout the upland districts of Mississippi, a physical revolution is in progress which is bringing about great changes in the surface of the country ; but so far from being a . v blessing as he (strangely enough) Imagines, these changes are most disastrous, and are yearly reducing to hopeless sterility thousands of acres once rich aud productive. Un pleasant as this sounds, it is but the truth ; and being true, it should be acknowledged and faced. If our people fully realized that theconse of their own recklessness quences (in many cases) beyond reme dy, possiby they might be more careful of the great trust committed are to them. Instead of undertaking to show in language of my own how lit tle ground there is for Mr. Mont gomery'» rosy prediction, I wish merely to quote from one or two trained observers whose interpreta tion of acknowledged facts differs widely from his, and as most read ers will agree, the correct one. In 1890 or '91 W. J. McGee, an eminent geoligist, then in the ser vice of the U. S. Geological Survey, spent some time in Mississippi studying the Lafayette formation, and aqueous deposit finely devel oped in this state. He was greatly impressed by witnessing the extent of the ruin that has come upon our fields by reason of storm wash, re peatedly alluding to It in his report. So far from agreeing with Mr. Montgomery that the dislocation of the surface is a trivial matter which will soon be remedied by the oper ation of natural forces, he consid ered it an evil of portentous signifi cance, again and again describing it by the word "appalling". On page 373 of the Geological Report for 1891, he depicts the process by which so large an area in our state has been hopelessly blighted. The hills, no longer protected by the forest foliage, no longer bound by the forest root, were at tacked by rain-born rivnlets and gullied and channelled in all direc tions ; each streamlet reached a hundred arms Into the bills, each arm grasped with its hundred fin gers a hundred shreds of soil ; as each bit of soil was torn away, the slope was steepened and the theft of the next storm was thereby fa cilitated. Thus, storm by storm and year by year, the formerly fer tile fields were invaded by gullies, gorges, ravines, 'gulfs', ever in creasing in width and depth until whole hillsides were carved away, until the soil of a thousand years' growth melted into the streams, until the fair acres of antebellum days were converted by the hundred into 'bad lands' as desolate and for bidding as those of the Dakotas. Over ten thousand square miles the traveller is never out of sight of glaring sand-wastes where once were fields ; . . . . his way lies sometimes in, sometimes between, gullies .... sometimes shadowed by sub-tropical foliage, but often exposed to the blaze of the sun re flected from barren earth. Here the road winds through a gorge so steep that the sunlight scarcely en ters ; there it traverses a narrow crest of crumbling clay at the verge of a chasm fifty, perhaps a hundred feet in vertical depth, into which he might be plunged by a single misstep. When the shower comes . ... he sees the waters accumulate as viscid torrents of red or brown mud ; sees the myriad miniature pinnacles and defiles of the hillside transformed by the beating of the rain-drops and the rushing of the rill »0 completely that when the sun shines again he would cot rec ognize its features. Such is the modern erosion whose baleful marks He deep in much of the erstwhile fair land of the coastal plain. It will be noticed that this dark picture is relieved by no word of encouragement. The writer, in deed, seems to consider the situa tion hopeless, for * elsewhere he says : trogressive ravine .... gradually eating its way into the uplands ; the 'gulf' is a magnified 'break' with precipitous walls, so deep and broad that men may not stay its progress, but stands appalled by its depth and the rapidity with which it is csrried into the highlands by successve storms. If *, The 'break' is a small re î t Of our own locality he says in |mrt : "Within three miles north of Port Gibson, on the Rocky Springs road, the local relief reach es 150 feet, and appalling 'gulfs' invade the uplands. Again : "North of it [Bayou Pierre] the land lies high .... and the surface is more broken than ev 11 er by a rapidly-growing autogenetic sculpture running back into the di vides in appalling gulfs and breaks; the roads are the most serpentine imaginable, meandering in laby rinthine ^alleys and following sin uous divides, and the modern ero sion is literally taking the country; the road is encroached upon from both sides, and the old fields are denuded by the acre, leaving mazes of pinnacles divided by a complex network of runnels glariug red to ward the sun and sky in strong contrast to the rich verdure of the hillsides never deforested; the plan tation mansions and 'quarters' are undermined, and whole villages, the home of wealth and luxu l>eing swept away at the once ry, are rate of acres for each year.'' This is a gloomy picture, even when due allowance has been made rhetorical heightening, a ; fur Mime but its essential accuracy will be who observes disputed by no man what is g< »itig on around him. Nor is it ouly the cleared lands that are In a brief men being thus ruined, tion of Water Valley Mr. McGee "Immense gullies have un says : dermiued half the town and com pletely ruined scores of farms. . . . These gulleys are enormous ; they have taken a fifth of the land with in a quarter of a century, and are growing with ever-increasing rapid ity ; already they have gone be yound the abandoned fields in which they started, and arb invading > I THE WOODLANDS. As for the feasibility of reclaim ing these blasted acres—in the opin ion of local optimists not only feas ible but among the certainties when ever the "wave of immigration, long predicted, shall "strike us,"— let another eminent geoligist be In some remarks on the > > heard. wornout lands of the United States, Professor N. S. Shaler of Harvard These depauperated dis i I says : tricts lie ... . mainly in the hilly portions of the socalled Southern States, especially in Virginia, the Carolinas, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi. There is scarcely a county in these states where it is not possible to find a number of where the true soil has not acres been allowed to wash away, leaving exposed either bare rock or infer tile subsoil. Where subsoil as well as the truly fertile layer has been swept away [as is the case on hun dreds of Claiborne county farms] the fields may be regarded as lost to the uses of man, as much so, in deed, as if it had been sunk beneath the sea, for it will in most instances require thousands of years before the surface cau be restored to its original estate. I repeat that our people ought to know the truth in this matter, and not be deluded into the belief that another generation, or laborers from other countries, will be able to re pair the damage wrought by our almost criminal abuse of the soil. It is perhaps not an exaggerated es timate that the productive capacity of the Mississippi uplands—which constitute the greater part of the state—has already been reduced far more than one half ; and it is pain ful to imagine the spectacle that our hill counties will offer a century from now if our present barbarous methods of agriculture are persisted In. Man, puny as he appears, is able to inflict upon Nature wounds that all her forces cannot repair ; and though we, in the short span of our lives, may evade the penalty, it will surely be exacted of those who are to follow us. There are parts of Asia Minor, (I quote from Dr. Geo. Marsh), of Northern Africa, of Greece, and even of Alpine Europe, where the operation of causes set in RCtion by men, has brought the face of the earth to a desolation almost as complete as that of the moon ; and though .... they are known to have been covered with luxuriant woods, verdant pastures, and fer tile meadows, they are now too far deteriorated to be reclaimable by . , . The earth is fast becorn 9 9 » > I f 1 l man. . ing an unfit home for.its noblest in habitant, and another era of equal human crime and human improvi dence, and of like duration . . . , would reduce it to such a condition of impoverished productiveness, of shattered surface, of climatic ex cess, as to threaten the depravation, barbarism and perhaps even the extinction of the Species." A. C, WHARTON. Sunday School Institute. Mr. N. A. Mott, Secretary of the Sunday School Board, announces that the annual Sunday School In*' stitute for the Mississippi Confer ence, M. K. Church, South, will be held at Columbia, Miss., beginning Monday evening, May 7th, at 8 o'clock, and closing Wednesday evening, May 9th, at 9:30 o'clock. The institute will be in charge of Prof, and Mrs. H. M. Hamill, who have been so successful in ihe past in drawing a large attendance at every institute held by the Sunday School Board. Prof. Hamill is su perintendent of the teacher training department of the M. E. Church, South, with headquarters at Nash ville, Tenu., and he is without a peer as a trainer of Sunday School workers. His wife also is one of the foremost primary workers In America. Board expects to make this one of the greatest of their series of insti tutes, and propose to spare no pains to make it profitable to every Sun day School worker who attends. Reduced rates on the certificate plan have been secured on all the railroads. The Sunday School The Breath of Life. It's a significant fact that the strongest animal of its size, the go rilla, has the largest lungs. Pow erful lungs means powerful crea tures. How to keep the breathing organs right should be man'schief est study. Like thousands of oth ers. Mrs. Ora A. Btephens, of Port Williams, O., has learned how to do this. She writes : ties of Dr. King's New Discovery stopped my cough of two years and 1 cured me of what my friends thought consumption. O, it's grand for throat and lung troubles. Guaranteed by J. A. Shreve, Drug gist. Price 50c and $1.00. Trial bottles free. Three bot t i * » McCaleb*Guion. In Austin, Texas, Feb'y, 1906, at the residence of the bride's par ents, Lieut. David Courtland Mc Caleb, U. S. A., to Miss Jane Guion, daughter of Justice John I. Guion of the Texas Supreme Court, and grand-daughter of Gov. John I. Guion of Mississippi. Lieut. McCaleb is the son of the late David McCaleb of Claiborne County, Mississippi, who at differ ent periods was editor of the Vicks burg Herald, Galveston News and the Dallas Herald. He is a veteran of the Spanish-American War and of the Philippines and is now under Col. Chas. S. Riche, U. S. A., in the engineering corps of the Gov ernment. > • t Letter to J. A. Shreve. Pott Gibson, Miss. Dear Sir: Messrs. Leacbman * Edelin, Grafton. W. Va . had been selling a paint, which they thought well of ; and this had occurred. They had sold a customer 18 gallons of it to paint his bouse. A few years later, they 'Old the same man Devoe lead and zinc the same number of gallons to paint the same house lie had ^ g*ll«ns left The point of the tale is : 11 gallons De voe paints an l8-^,allon house. Do you want to sell it ? Of course, that isn't all. Why does II gallons Devoe go as far as 18 gallons of other paint? Because it is all paint, all true, no sham, aud lull meas ure Do you want to sell it ? But that isn't all. Deyoe lasts longer. No, no ; you haven't got to wait ten years to find that out Ten thousand people know it We've g<*t their names. Our agents know them ; they think a heap of Devoe. There's no difficulty in showing your townspeople what to expect ot Dev e. $10 will paint a $1$ house; aud the paint'll last twice as long Do you want to sell it ? Yours truly, F. W Devoe & Co., New York. ; 33 The population of the state peni tentiary is rapidly reaching the i,6oomark, and next month will see more than that number wear ing stripes. If the present rate of increase is maintained the high water mark will be touched next week, but the rate of increase for the last two months will not be maintained during this month. For the first two months of this year there have been brought into the state penitentiary 117 prisoners from the different parishes, a rec ord for these two months. The penitentiary population is steadily growing, due in part to the in creased population of the state, with its natural increase in crime, and also to the large reduction in the mortality among the convicts and to the lang sentences imposed. —Jackson Special to Picayune. Invaluable for Rheumatism. I have been suffering for the past few years with a severe attack of rheumatism and found that Bal lard's Suow Liniment was the only thing that gave me satisfaction and tended to alleviate my pains — March 25, '02 ; John C. Degnan, Kinsman, Ills. Sold by Pope Drug > , Have you priced goods at Til Bros'., over at Russum ? Try it once. You may find an agreeable surprise. « » « » DAVID BOCK S a ft The Most Coods for the Least Monev Always a Little Cheaper than the Other Fellow « ft » Department Store ! S » ■ a « « : ft HAVE just returned from New York, where I spent Three Weeks in selecting the Best Goods for the Least Money. 1 am proud to say that I have been very fortu « ! 4 ft ft 1 M ft ^ nate at being on the right side, with ready casn to back it. » » We are receiving * * * « ■ - New Goods by tbs Car Loads » ( ? ft ; ^ 1 î* and opening Cases after cases of the Latest Styles of the very Best of Goods in Every Department. Also Ready- % to-Wear *j Garments for Ladies and Misses at ft •*ft ■ » ASTONISHINGLY LOW PRICES » » « 4 4R fi We are Too Busy to Describe Everything that we have. 4 « WE don't claim that our store is as large as some of the big & ^ Department Stores in large cities. But we assure you that j» Jj when you come to our store and look at our New Goods, it f tj will look to you like you are in one of the big City Department Stores. I also challenge any Catalogue house of any city to * compare prices/ I'll give you the , ft » < a * » 4 i m * Same yods for Less Money than You can Buy Elsewhere. I -ft i * If you are not ready to buy your Goods, come in anyhow and get acquainted with the New Styles and our Prices. ' I a - I « * - David Bock's Department Store ? When you trade in our Store do not fail to ask for your 4 e ! Profit-Sharing Coupons. : : » « ^444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444 A Room with a Bath t<> a hot-1 'Vhy I n't Did v ut evt*r 'hink is what you call for wht a you g you have one in your own home ? about this ? Ever know that y--u forts of a great city hotel in youi house? lights, telephones and, greatest room, are no 'longer confined to cities that has none of these conveniences is pretty f»r back in could h Ve aii the c -m Gis electric f ail, the mod rn hath In fact, Die place O the woods. When yon get a ittjw have a "corner on comfort" and y a can k ep i as i as you live. It only c*sts about $200, and er make an investment that will give you Such big returns in good solid service and convenience. and up-to-date bath 1 miti y 11 U will E. H. JOHNSON, Plumbing and Tin Work, PORT GIBSON, MISS P. O. Box 60, Tel. 24« The Big 2. Cotton and Corn Planters* and Fertilizer Distributors. AU Melal, do Chains—Does not get out of order, Does not drop seed when moved backwards. LULU Planet Jr. Cultivators ><n Horse Hoes. Hollow Steel Frames, best material and work All parts stamped "Planet Jr. n manship. Indispensable for success in Cotton. : ; SCHWARTZ & STEWART, Agents NATCHEZ, MISS. » 9 I : ] A A » I 9 I ♦ 9 9 PERMANENTLY CURES CON9UMRTION, QOUQH9. COLDS. BRONQHmm A9THMA, SORB THROAT, HOAR9BHK99 WMOORiNB OOUOM AND OROUR B DO NOT DELAY Until the drain on your *y*um produc** permanent disability. Tha human braathing machinery is a wonderful *y*t*m of tub** and c*U*. To ftavi food health it must b* kept in food order. A COLO is considered of no impor tance, yet if it wa* known by it'* proper name of 'Mthraat Inflammation, or "congestion of the lungs," its dangerous character would be appre ciated. When a cold makes its appearance use at once Ballard's Here« _ hound Syrue which will speedily overcome it. I WHOOPING COUOH and CROUP Require Prompt Action. SNOW 1 LINIMENT applied to the throat and cheet give* wonderful relief, while Ballard*» Horehound Syrup will rapidly stop the violent paroxysm» of coughing- IT IS THE ONLY COUÖH REMEDY THAT WILL POSITIVELY CURE WHOOPING COUOH AND CROUP. I CHILDREN tfcwal«*. Tex, writes:—*•! h&v* B«,llsw<S'g t It Use BEST medietae for creep, cou#bs aai ko 4 it it plasma« to take aad qaicfcly eure*. '* Mr*. Mewl Adern*. GoM HoreCouod Syrup and ftafl colds. My eklldree use 1 » Three Six«*, 15c, 50c, $L00 Keecry Settle «earaateed Ballard Snow Liniment Co* St Louis, Mo, A SAFE AND SUIE Tito Ckiidrea'« Vwvertto Sestetr SOLO AND RECOMMENDED BY POP« DRUG CO., Port Gibson,Mi** PANACENE DR. Pope's Wonderful Antiseptic it fin Ï Cum cm BRWSES, SPRAINS, NEURALGIA, BEAD. I ACHE. COLIC. INDIGESTION. PILES, SKIN ^ TROUBLES eerf relieve* «I! kind* oi Piliu «nd Ad«, Intern»! sr extern»!. r@ ©owe op monky Ktru«texo BOLD BY AJUL B11Ü GOXSTS Q SpSi s ■■ i A