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FOR GREATER MISSISSIPPI
Devoted to th* In<1 nitrial. Commercial and Arrioaltnral Derelon. nt«nt of the Wonderful Heionreei of the State. .. ItYm.If lntermt from all Quarten. •jr H. K BLAKISLEI, Jackson, Hies. There was a lively scrimmage in just before the holidays over eongr the proposition to make a specific ap propriation to extend the market for oar ootton and goods manufactured from it in foreign fields. The resolu tion passed by the Southern Stataa Commissionen of Agricultural at Jacksonville waa read and mads a part of the record and the discussion contend upon the ootton portion of the bill ander consideration. The op position was led by Mr. Sullivan of Massachusetts who defeated it with amendments in eluding specific appro priations for boots, shoes, onions, cab bage and miscellaneous articles. Mr. Livingston of Georgia was in the fore front of the champions of ootton and given able backing by Messrs. Livingston, Thomas of North Caroli na, Richardson of Alabama and oth Ths vote in the bouse was very sloce, 86 to 77, and it is still hoped that the appropriation may be re- ; placed whan the measure reaches the senate and be concurred in by the bouse. Letters from Wsahington hold out hope for thk. In the meantime It would be well for all interested in this measure, and every man who k interested in cotton should be, to write (he oongressman from your dktriet and the senators urging upon them unusual effort to have this measure made a law. More than 65 per cent, of our raw cotton k exported and $400,000,000 in foreign gold received for it in return. It U larger than the combined exports of all other agricul tural producta in the United States h k the export that throws the bal anee on the right side of the export ledger and makes oars a creditor na tion and absolutely safeguards the financial institutions of the country against monetary panics. Every man in the nation should be interested in the extension of the field for its use and when congressmen from other sec tion« are made to realize thk there seema to be every reason why they should readily aid onr own congress man to secure the recognition at the hands of our government that it so richly deserves. W. M. Bamberg, special agent of the United States Department of Ag riculture, recently stated that the boll weevil was sure to cross the Missis sippi river during the coming year into the cotton fields of M'ssissippi, and that it was time that cur people were beginning to arrangt for its re ception. He said: "With these facts before us, it behooves our cotton grow «rs to adopt a method of planting and cultivating cotton which provides con ditions unfavorable to the cotton wee vil, for this is the only means by which that insect can be combatted. It cannot be poisoned or stamped out. This has been demonstrated. Plant ing early maturing seed and at the proper distances in the drill and be tween rows, and cultivating shallow and frequently is the only means of making a crop #ieti the weevil roach es us. It will not do to await the in vasion of the weevil before commenc ing thk work. It should be commenc ed at once, for by so doing th«* ad vent of the cotton weevil will not be followed by devastated field«, the abolition of credit and its consequent paralyzation of business. a 11 The ruling prices for eggs and chickens should prove an incentive for numbers to go into tbe poultry busi ness for a livelihood. There is no doubt but that a few hens are a most profitable investment for every fam ily, but those who profess to know, say that one hundred dozen hens can not be handled as profitable as one dozen. Some actual experiences along this line would make interesting read ing for this department. It would prove a pleasure to give such general publicity. Let's near from some of those who have made a success of the poultry business. In boring for water at Yazoo City a vein of soft eoal eighteen feet in thickness was encountered at a depth of 85 feet. The coal will be given a thorough test and if found of value arrangements for mining it will be promptly mads. A supply of coal would be of inestimable worth to that good ta.vi, affording cheap fuel fo r manufacturing plants, -a matter oi great importance in tbe industrial de velopment of our Mississippi cities. Let us hope that it will prove of suffi oient age to supply tbe demand for factory fuel. in Mississippi is honored by having one »f her native sons as president of the Southern railway, one of th* greatest fystems in the Union. W. W. Finle^ first began his railroad work on the read running from New Orleans to Jackson, now a part of the Illinois Central system. He began in 1875 amd has steadily ascended the ladder to one of the most important positions in the whole country. at to an The Ripley Sentinel lifts the pro verbial rag in the line of sweet pota toes. Editor Anderson received five from one hiU that weighed twenty pound«, only requiring three hills ta weigh a bushel. Estimating the pos sible yield from an aere of potatoes fike this would be thus: AHowing one hiU for three feet each way there wofhl be 4,900 hills to the acre and tyree hills to the bitah«l the yiwould of course be 1,053 buso «is. in over Some uneasiness has been caused * ootton planten about the proposition of English spinners to purchase largi tracta of land in the South for th* purpose of raking cotton for theii mills. The writer believes that oui i people should have no fears from suci ' an attempt. It is hardly probabl« that any great success will attend and an effort, and even if it does it will be under the supervision of ac experienced ootton grower and work with the regular cotton labor. It ii much more likely that these gentlemen will be bronght to the belief that it will be better to remove their mills tc the South winch is the logical plac< foT the manufacture of ootton. Thej to are experienced in handling the milb and would be more successful in run ning them than our home people wh( have not had the training necessary te make it successful in the face oi : such keen competition. We welcomi the English capitalist in either capac ity of grower or manufacturer. ap for at a of op of with cab Mr. and oth re- ; the the in k the in so suoceew £ - Ths establishment of an agricul tural school in every congressional dii ' trict of the state would be an excel ! lent move. Labor conditions demanc a change in the method of handling onr farms and to insure intelligent . farming we must have schools when it is taught handy to all. By such a j j k metbod the drudgery and unpleasant g| features of farm life can be éliminât- j ed and the farm made more inviting | Then onr young men will not be st eager to leave the farm for the pro fessions and homes in the cities anc | towns This k a subject worthy ol thought by all our people and that will be thought about a groa' deal in the future. 1 is om The improvement in stock is a gooc omen for the future of Mississippi Recently a number of gentlemen ai. , Crystal Springs pooled and paid $3, ► 000 for an imported Oldenburg Ger .0 Î man coach stallion and will use bin j in the betterment of the stock in that section. Thk is a long step forward and a most commendable one. Ou. r great state is bound to show progrès« ... in the development of stock and stock }°. raising. Local conditions are as fa vorable as anywhere in the Unitec States and it should be made the Blu, | Incalculable damage has been dom the our state by the wild reports that ar* greatly exaggerate 1 nd almost with out foundation concerning the tionbl* in Kemper county between the white* not and blacks. One of the raetropo'i tan papers even went so far as t< print an account of a riot in thaï vicinity which occurred ten or twelv* of years ago under a present date line Such as this does the South mor< harm in a day than all of our good people can correct in years. Strang* that our own papers will allow such of Grass region of the South. to appear in their columns. . * <*ri'ction of an up-to-date public school building and it will be in readiness foi the opening next fall. Considerabl* of in ad be the Centreville has sold bonds for th* I I . B money will also be expended m un proving the streets and side walks. Centreville is progressing along all lines and is one of the liveliest littlv Cotton remains a fair price despit* the manipulation of speculators that endeavored to hammer the price oc the report made by the government census bureau. The world needs more I than twelve and a half million bales j and not a pound should be sold foi less than ten cents. * I Returning military officials and others comment unfavorably on tbe broadcast regarding the situation at Scooba. Tbe condition there are re ported qaite and apprehension of further trouble is passed. The rail road officials say there were no fresh The Postal Commission will sabrait a report to Congress recommending the reorganization of the postoffice of cities in tbe state. and for no one of the outbreak today. Yazoo City is spending $25,000 iu ths construction of a city hall, an ad minsstration building for the city offi cials. This will be quite an addi- ; tion to tbe number of handsome struc tures in the new Yazo that has sprung up since the great fire of two years since. in be r oi department. Street disorders were fomented in be Brigade, Servia, by enemies of the present dynasty. r Fancy poultry raising is a growing industry in our state. Those engaged in the business are finding it profitable and others are encouraged to go and to at ! do likewise. The snow annually held jjj at Aberdeen has proven a great stim ulus to fanciers and it grows in extent and patronage from year to year, There is money in it for those who know bow to get it out and this num ber is increasing very fast. ed in Greenwood has granted a franchise to home people for the construction of an electric street railway. An expert engineer has gone over the ground and made an estimate of the cost. The cit izens of that Delta city are very en thusiastic and it would not at be sur prising to see a railway in operation before many more moons. Albert Williams convict iu the Mis sissippi Penitentiary, was kîllèd by a fallow convict CONDITIONS EXAGGERATED REPORTS SENT OUT FROM KEM PER COUNTY GREATLY COL ORED. * i ' And Same Number Wounded As Re ii olson's Murderer*, it tc Meridian, Miss.—Gov. Vardaman «nd the state militia have returned to Jackson. The governor annoonced that he wild exhaust every means to capture and punish the alleged mur deren of a negro named Nicholson, He offers nwarda of $250 for the ar : net of Earnest Bryan, Hal Byrd and TWELYE PEOPLE KILLED suit of the Trouble. $250 Re ward is Offered for capture of Nich £ an Kerr, who are suspected of hav g something to do with Nicholson's murder. Of&cial returns place the dead at twelve and the injured at the ttam ber. ' Q iXL Fridge issued order to the ! „üiitia to be in readiness for another emergency call, because of rumors have reached him. Th# body of one more negro was found ^ the woods near Scooba, but a j j k „ believed he had been dead sever g| da y 3 j Tha people of Scooba are indiginant | £ eiagxeratea report! sent out, and claim that they have been the incoming trains to pro | vent whit4J from the oatgide coming and pouting further 1 trouble. We, in Scooba undersrtd the ait bat ion better than outsiders possibly fean," a prominent citizens is reported having said, "and if anybody is be killed we know who it is, we II , ► no ' w th * mnocent negroes from ths and our anxiety, is "rom outsiders coming in and esnsing .0 Î j further trouble, ^om Si m P®° n > father of the r ho started the trouble at Wabalok was arrested at DeKalb and brought ... . „ . }°. this The °[ ° L Bnen iS Wid to be at large, although the atate is made that he was captured | and 1 y nched in - the of Kemper county. The sheriff was severely con demned by the governor for leaving the county during the trouble, and is feaid have been negligent in leaving l>art of the work to a deputy. Governor Vardaman said he did not think there was any danger of (further trouble whatever over the feeling against the negroes in Kemper bounty. He referred to the wounding of Conductor Cooper "by a lot of drunken niggers'' as an atrocious crime ; that the whole trouble will be thoroughly invested and that he will "have more to say." Up to date the number of known dead is six, John O'Brien, deputy sher ed iff, and five negroes. There are two white men and one negro wounded, former being Conductor J. H. j ed the Cooper, of the Mobile and Ohio rail road, and Deputy Sheriff Oliver East lan(] It wa8 also rep orted, but un confirmed, that a negro woman and child were burned to death in a house occupied by Dob Bird. The most authentic story of the trou fro«m its origin with the assault on Conductor Cooper, to the present time, was related at the citizens meet in S Capt. F. D. Carr, Sunday drunken negroes on the train began to create a row and Con dnetor Cooper tried to stop the fuss * Q d one of the negroes cut Cooper up seriously and made his escape at Wa faalak. John O'Brien, an officer, at tempted to arrest Tom Simpson, the hogro who had cut the conductor, and ßimpson shot and killed O'Brien. A, crowd of citizens then proceeded to | capture Simpson, who was helped by other negroes to' make his escape. The following negroes were killed. Bob Simpson, brother of the murderer, and Isham McNeis and Calvin Nick elson. Chas. Neal, a negro, was so- and riously wounded.. It was thought for some time that the negroes were organizing to pro ceed against the whites, but if such was the case they soon became dis organized after the military compa nies appeared in the scene. Citizens from all over this section of tbe state went on a special train to the scene of the disturbance. When they ar rived at Wahalak not a negro was to Tbe of tbe ff and be seen or heard. At Crawford on Monday, a negro named Moae Longstreet, was in the ton r «' i Allowance for Mrs. Gorgas. Tuscaloosa, Ma. —Mrs. Amelia Gor gas, for twenty-three years Librarian Life at the State University, and widow of General Joslab Gorges, a president of jjj e institution, has been given a re- < tiring allowance by the Carnegie Foundation for Education. Mrs. Gor gas is 80 years of v.ge. of The town of Arioa, Chili, was par- j has tially destroyed by an earthquake. j A committee of t he Chicago Bar As sociation reported that Judge Chet lain of the Superior Court had en gaged in transactions that "impair ed his usefulness as a judge. Members of an anti-Jewish society invaded the Zionist congress at Buc harest, causing a riot in which many Jews were injured. cago that Severe snow atprms were reported j fat in London and other parts of f!ng-| when I land. way, and Archer, a brakemn, told the negro to move, and the negro stated that he nor no other railroad man could make him move. Then Archer knocked the negro down. The negro accompanied by others of his race, returned Monday night, armed, and when the special train arrived from Wahalak be saw a railroad man whom he took to be Archer and fired at him, killing Conductor Harrison. After be ing shot Conductor Harrison killed the negro. The other negroes made their escape. Citizens while looking for other ne groes involved in the shooting went on Thomas Walker's place, four mil« west of Brooksville and were search ing the barn. A negro lived on the place told them that they nor no other white man could search the barn, and went to the house to get a gun. He was shot and killed. Two other negroes involved are still at large. Phone messages from Craw ford state that everything is quiet in town. Following the wounding of Cooper a posse was organized Monday night to search for Tom Simpson, his col ored assailant. They went to Weha lak and from there into the surround country, finding one negro dead and indications that another had been roughly handled. Twenty-four hours later Deputy Sheriff Alexander and eight other men including Capt. Carr, renewed the search for Simpson. They were una ble to find him and, in their rounds, rode up to the house of Calvin Nich olson, a well-to-do negro farmer. Be sides Nicholson, there were two other men, two women and soven children in the house. Part of Sheriff Alexan der's posse began firing into the house without provocation, killing Nicholson before Alexander could restrain them. The other occupants of the house es caped before the rioters set it on fire and burned it to the ground. It was in this trouble that Oliver Eastland was slightly wounded in two places by weapons in the hands of members of the posse. Before daybreak two other negro houses are known to have been burned and it was intimated that more are dead than have been account, ed for. Deputy Sheriff Alexander's life has been repeatedly threatened since his arrival here by the rougher element. District Attorney Currie said last night that he wished to apprehend Daniel Kerr, Hal Byrd and Earnest Bryan, who were members of Sheriff Alexander's posse, and who have dis appeared, Re to mur ar and Re hav the the the was but sent been pro ait is we ths is iS is Los Angeles,— Col. H. B. Maxson, vice-president of the National Irriga did tion Congress and secretary of the of Board of Education of Reno, Nev., the who has been spending the past few weeks in the state of Sonora, Mexico, has arrived here with a graphic, story of of the massacre of Mexicans and whites which occured at the town of be Lancho late Saturday afternoon, According to the statement of Mexson whose train stopped an hour at Lan cho. While there rumors were receiv ed that the Yaquis were on the war path and that the few people in the neighborhood of the station and rail H. j roads were in danger. The station mas Yaquis on the Warpath. ter, a man named ^Thompson, belittled the matter, and said he and his wife would remained at their post. The train bearing Col. Maxson and party had not left the station more than an hour when the Yaquis descend ed on the party of Mexicans and at tacked the little party of Mexicans and Americans and butchered four. Sta tion Agent Thompson and wife es caped by boarding a work train which pulled in at that time. The train ap peared after four of the people had been killed and Thompson and his wife had defended themselves back of the barricaded doors of the depot. As the work train appeared the In dians withdrew, The train bringing Col. Maxson and A, party continued to a station aboat | fifteen miles farther along the line and then as the sign of the uprising became more alarming the party de cided tc return. back toward Lancho, and when it arrived, the station had been burned and four bodies lay along the tracks, The train started Not many miles along the road the scene was duplicated. Four more dead bodies of Mexicans and Ameri diseovered along the tracks cans were Tbe little band at this station had been able to repulse the attack of the Yaquis with tbe loss of but four of their number. The remaining members of the company refused to leave on tbe train but said they could stand ff the Indians until the next day, when the rurales would reach the spot and justic would be meted out to the ed murderers if captured. Demurrers filed by Andrew Hamil ton in suits brought by the New York at 1 m , MB Life to compel an accounting for $574,250 were sustained by the New York courts. < Ths Paris courts held Mme. Anna Gould jointly responsible for certain of the Castellane jewelry debts. The Canadian Minister of Labor j has drawn up a bill providing for the j settlement of strikes and lockings. Autopsy Over Dead Turkey. Chicago.—Dr. Whalen, of the Chi cago health department has begun an investigation following the discovery that a turkey intended to grace a Christmas dinner table was in the last stages of consumption. J. Winwood had purchased a live turkey on Christmas eve from Chas. Kiohr, a butcher. The gobbler was j fat and apparently in good health but when killed several shot spots were I found on the heart and liver. his MISSISSIPPI STATE HAPPENINGS ITEMS OF INTEREST FROM ALL SECTIONS. AN EPITOME OF THE NEWS Culled From Important Happenings Throughout the 8t&te During the Past Week and Reviewed in Brief for Onr Readers. Mauler's Address. Secretary Fred Muller, of the Mis sissippi Immigration League, k send ing oat the following address to the various boards of trade, commercial bodies, railroads, manufacturing en terprises, etc., in the state: Dear Sir: If you have not been in attendance at the conference in Jack son on the 17th and 18th of Decem ber, 1906, you have no doubt learned from the newspaper reports of the permanent organization of the Mis sissippi State Immigration League. Briefly stated the purpose of the league are : ■ - To stimulate immigration of a se lect character in the state of Missis sippi. To secure through legislative en actment the creation and financial maintenance of a state immigration department with a commissioner of undisputable ability and thorough knowledge at the helm. To secure modification of existing federal immigration laws, should con ditions warrant. To secure non-discrimination of the Trans-Atlantic steamship companies iu the landing of immigrants. To co-operate with similar southern organizations and state departments. To disseminate reliable information bearing upon the agricultural, indus trial and commercial opportunities of Mississippi. To assist in efforts to hold district, county and state fairs at intervals. To co-operate with those urging the necessity for good roads. To refute slanderous reports pub lished to discredit the state in the eyes of prospective settlers. The plan of organization was care fully prepared and received the unan imous endorsement of all the dele gates in attendance. The league was ordered incorporated under the laws of the state of Mississippi. The dues were fixed at three dollars ! ! ... i per year payable in advance, to en able every citizen of the state to be- j come an active worker and supporter. The platform is comprehensive and with a view to stimulate in an effec tive way the productive energy of the state. The officers have been chosen eye to their fitness for the work on hand. Your individual assistance and co operation as a progressive citizen is earnestly solicited. The necessity for the very work we have mapped out for the Miissb sippi State Immigration League o« doubt has suggested itself to you in an your own surroundings and therefore we make free to solicit your member The allege^ cotton -seed trust form ed by the oil mills of the state is hold ing its own in the fi,«rht with the farm ers. Thus for no mills have been eom peUed to close down on account of seed shortage, and the remainder of the crop is being freely offered. ship. Cotton Seed Trust. Prices remain unchanged, seed be ing quoted at $12 and $13 per ton, and the advances predicted by the farmers' organizations have failed to materialize, while the holding move ment is apparently an utter failure. MSI managers claim that they are paying all seed is worth ; that the qual ity of seed has shown little or no im provement, and few mills in the state will manufacture prime oil this sea son, o»wing to bad condition of seed. 'Nearly all the mills in the state are running at full capacity with day and night shifts, and the remainder of the crop will be worked up by the mid dle of March or the first of April. A few mills, however, may be able to protract their ruus until the latter part of April or the first of May. Relatives Were the Victims. Rufus Sullivan and his brother-in law, Fendren, living one and a half miles out af Weathersby had a diffi culty over family matters the other night. Fendren was cut dangerous ly, but Sullivan, unharmed, disappear ed and has been found. ♦ One Convict Kills Another. Henry Prewitt, a negro convict, killed another convict named Albert Williams, at Sunflower Farm. Reports of the affair was received at the office of the Board of Control and the sergeant states that the kill ing was a cold-blooded deliberate mur der. Williams being knocked in the head with a stick of wood while asleep and the assassion then hammered the dead man's skull to a jelly. Cannon Crackers in Coat. A pr *':age of cannon crackers which r ■ ning son of W. S. Welborn, near I. el, was carrying in the breast j ket of his coat exploded, se riously injuring the boy. Wife Attacks Husband. Dave Courtney's wife in a crazy spell, struck her husband over the eye with a hatchet and then tried to cut his throat, but a boy pulled her off. no Courtney is in a dangerous condition, in ly ed Fired Into Train. An unknown party fired into th* westbound passenger train on the Alabama & Vicksburg road, and sev eral passengers bad a narrow escape from death. The train had just left the plant of the Jackson Brick Company, one mile from the Pearl river bridge, when the unknown party fired both barrels of a double barreled shotgun through one of the windows of the day coach. The window pane was shattered and a large hole torn in the woodwork of the opposite side of the coach. Conductor McElroy was in charge of the train, and immediately signaled the engineer to stop. A brief search was made, bat the party had escaped in the darkness. The matter was re ported to the detective bureau of the company, and an investigation will be made. A traveling man was sitting at the window through which the shots were fired, but happened to be leaning bc*k in his seat, and thus es caped instant death. in of of Surveyors at Work. A corps of surveyors oi the New Orlean£ & Great Northern road is at work in the northen sububs of Jack son mapping the route for the pro posed line from this city to Memphis. The party is under the direction ol Assistant Chief Engineer Hayden, and is composed of twelve surveyors and linemen. This morning the party wai engaged in the vicinity of the Jack son Fertilizer company's plant. There has been no denial, expressed or implied, to the report made public a few dayB since that the New Orleans & Great Northern has cquired the Del ta Southern and Webb branches oi the Southern Railway, and that tbesi two lines will be utilized in the con struction of the road from Jackson tc Memphis. The route of entry into Jackson fot the northern extension has been prac tically decided upon, and the survey now in progress is the final one. The party will move northward from her« to Yazoo City. ^ Young Mar. Killed. At Carmichael, George Butler shot and killed Luke Barefield. Both art prominent young married men. Bare field is reported to have been crazec by drink, and Butler, it is said, wai justified and was acting in self-de fense. Barefield went to Butler *i house and asked Butler for a drinl of liquor. Butler, seeing that Bare field was intoxicated, promised to tn to find him a drink in the bouse, bu' Barefield, not being satisfied, begai ! abusing Butler an-.l struck him witl ! brass knuckles, knocking him down Butler struck Barefield, and the latte: left vowing that he would kill Butle; later in day. Barefield returned witl a gun and began shooting into But 1er 's house. Butler picked up a shot gun, and going out iu front of thi house shot Barefield, who turned am walked to the gate, falling dead a i the gate. Barefield s father is treas urer of Choctaw county, Ala., and it othewise well-connected. Butler i j said to be entirely justified. Kills Himself. W. D. Howsee, a prominent mer c hant of Crenshaw was instantly kill ed . jjj e accidental discharge o'. a shotgun. The contents of one bar rel tore a hole almost through thi body, starting below the heart ant lodging under the right shoulder bladi Howsee borrowed a gun and wem hunting with several boys and whet he came downtown to open his store he brought the gun in one hand anc a water backet in the other. He si) the bucket down on his right side and was holding the gun in his left hand He had put the key in the lock anc was making an effort to get tbe dooi open when the gun slipped from hh hand, the butt striking heavily on th* iron door plate, discharging one bar rel and making a deep dent in th* cap of the cartridge of the other. Hi fell back and died immediately with out speaking a word to those whe rushed to his assistance. n U Two Killed in Dispute. News reached Columbia that two negroes, Atho Stipney and Willi* Johnson, were killed at Hub station by two other negroes. They were en gaged in a crap game, when Leon Johnson shot Atho Stipney in th* back. Columbus Dauieb, friend oi Stipney 's then shot Willis Johnson, a brother of Leon Johnson, who was trying to shoot him. Sevrai of the friends of Johnson then commenced shooting at Daniels, who ran off, and succeeded in making his escape. He surrendered to Sheriff Magee here and was placed in jail, to await an inves tigation. 9 Marshall Shot Negro. ♦ Marshall J. F. Brown, of Shubuta, attempted to arrest Juilius Trotter, colored of Waynesboro, under a charge of carrying concealed weapon* Trotter grabbed his pistol and at tempted to disarm him. When Brown got the pistol pointed towards the ne gro he fired and shot Trotter through tbe hand and grazed his head. Trot ter escaped. Governor on Scooba Trouble. no fear that there will be further mob violence. While here the governor stated thal in his opinions the reports concerning the trouble at Scooba hve been great ly exaggerated. He does not think that the total number of persons kill ed is over four*or five. i i * The ne groes had been alarmed nd the white persons had been anxious, but all is now quiet in the Seoob» neighbor hood, » * said the governor. "I have th* the sev one the was the the re the be the be es r r * PNTERE5T RSvR^ER ACID 8WEETENS LAND. When the land Is sour and grow* up with sorrel (which contains ox alle acid), lime Is said then to ''sweeten" the »oil by removing th* »öurnsoi, but what it really does li to assist In changing the acids of the toll into carbonate and oxalate o( lime, through chemical combinations, the sour soli becoming alkaline be tause the lime has united with the Iclds which existed before its pres ence. With the changes thus made follow others, but they may be rapid br alow, according to circumstances, lometlmea the benefits from lime not being apparent until the second ear, but on soils upon which lime as not been applied for years it Sever fella to give excellent results» and in proportion to the benefits de* lved It coats but little, la plentiful ud should be used more extensively. at ol oi tc : — LAND FOR ALFALFA. Jn the growing ot alfalfa the land must be plowed deep and harrowed fine. Manure and fertilizer should lie applied liberally In the spring and lime applied on the land In the fall. Bow the seed in the spring, using from ten to twenty pounds of seed. According to circumstances, sowing broadcast If the land is clear ot frasa and weeds. If not. It will be in advantage to drill the seed In rows, close together, and cultivât» •.he first year with wheel hoes. Once istabllshed, an alfalfa plot will last tor years, as the roots go down to great depths and secure moisture, tn this section farmers should sow a ,'ew rows by way of experiment In the iprlng, and keep the plants free of grass and weeds. Some alfalfa growers find the fall the best time to teed the land. *i DESTROYING WEEDS. There two ways of completely de itroylng weeds. One Is to let them lave the opportunity to grow, and iy frequently cultivating them, turn them under as fast as they mi '.heir appearance, the other beinjf to :rowd them out by growing some :rop that will not give the weeds a :hance to grow. No system of culti vation will kill all the weeds if a trop Is desired—such as corn—for .he grass and weeds will only be 'ept down so long as cultivation asts, especially as corn is usually 'laid by" at a time when the weeds ',re producing seeds, thus establish ing themselves for the succeeding rear. As a test of what supposed .'lean culture of corn may be simply ;ut down a row of stalks and a row if weeds will remain. As a single veed produces thousands of seeds the abor of destroying the weeds must )e repeated next season. ! |ke it i STRAW FOR STALLS. To derive the best results from straw when It is used for bedding ind manure it should be cut fine vith an ensilage cutter. While the vhole straw in the stalls answers the jurpose well, yet it does not possess he power- of absorbing tbe liquids intil it Is broken up. When passed .hrough the cutter it is Instantly nade fine, and it then almost equals Iry dirt. The same may be said of thredded cornstalks. It is of more idvantage to pass them through the •hredder than to throw them out to >e trampled, as they can also be tsed with cut straw in the stalls. When the fine materials and manure re thrown on the heap there will be io coarse pieces to rot. The whole aass will quickly decompose, and /ith less loss of the valuable constit leuts than when the straw and stalks ire uncut, while the labor of hand ing and spreading such mànure will re reduced to a minimum cost. FOREST PROPAGATION. In the last five years forest owners ave wantonly wasted millions of dol ars In timber destroyed. The forest ixperts at Washington frankly say hey do not expect a great many prl ate owners of smaller forests to care or their property as It actually hould be cared for. But they do ex iect corporations and States to look .fter their forest tracts more care ully than they havé^been doing. States can derive three per cent, in every forest reserve they estab Ish, says Alfred Gaskill,*of the For st Service at Washington, his even in planting forests. Jn Ifana has a new reserve of two thou and acres which is expected to pay. 'ennsylvania is systematically plant ng trees under State control. Cali ornia alone has a working forest irea of twenty million five hundred housand acres; Maryland Is begin ilng the study of forestry; Massa husetts has a State forestry associa lon dealing with speciflic problems n that State; New Hampshire is lolng forestry field work. Extensive xamlnations have been made by the forest Service in Alaska, and In 1903 he Legislature of Hawaii passed a <111 providing for an insular forest ervlce and creating a Board of Agri* ulture and Forestry. Last year there ras field work on eight forest tracts, rith a total area of one million sixty igbt thousand acres, in Minnesota, 'Jew Hampshire, West Virginia, Ala >ama and Texas.—Thomas R. Shipp. U The Reader. And Tommy's Ingenious Excuse. Teddy was in a hurr; r for his din ier and did not wash his face thor oughly. When asked if he called hat washing his »ace, he said: 'Of ourse I do. I did wash my face, but i didn't think It necesary to go into letalis." Wages in the machine factories oi «ermany advanced last year ten tq I teen per cent.