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The Port Gibson reveille. [volume] (Port Gibson, Miss.) 1890-current, January 03, 1907, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86090233/1907-01-03/ed-1/seq-6/

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Devoted to th* In<1 nitrial. Commercial and Arrioaltnral Derelon.
nt«nt of the Wonderful Heionreei of the State. .. ItYm.If
lntermt from all Quarten.
•jr H. K BLAKISLEI, Jackson, Hies.
There was a lively scrimmage in
just before the holidays over
the proposition to make a specific ap
propriation to extend the market for
oar ootton and goods manufactured
from it in foreign fields. The resolu
tion passed by the Southern Stataa
Commissionen of Agricultural at
Jacksonville waa read and mads a
part of the record and the discussion
contend upon the ootton portion of
the bill ander consideration. The op
position was led by Mr. Sullivan of
Massachusetts who defeated it with
amendments in eluding specific appro
priations for boots, shoes, onions, cab
bage and miscellaneous articles. Mr.
Livingston of Georgia was in the fore
front of the champions of ootton and
given able backing by Messrs.
Livingston, Thomas of North Caroli
na, Richardson of Alabama and oth
Ths vote in the bouse was very
sloce, 86 to 77, and it is still hoped
that the appropriation may be re- ;
placed whan the measure reaches the
senate and be concurred in by the
bouse. Letters from Wsahington hold
out hope for thk. In the meantime
It would be well for all interested in
this measure, and every man who k
interested in cotton should be, to write
(he oongressman from your dktriet
and the senators urging upon them
unusual effort to have this measure
made a law. More than 65 per cent,
of our raw cotton k exported and
$400,000,000 in foreign gold received
for it in return. It U larger than the
combined exports of all other agricul
tural producta in the United States
h k the export that throws the bal
anee on the right side of the export
ledger and makes oars a creditor na
tion and absolutely safeguards the
financial institutions of the country
against monetary panics. Every man
in the nation should be interested in
the extension of the field for its use
and when congressmen from other sec
tion« are made to realize thk there
seema to be every reason why they
should readily aid onr own congress
man to secure the recognition at the
hands of our government that it so
richly deserves.
W. M. Bamberg, special agent of
the United States Department of Ag
riculture, recently stated that the boll
weevil was sure to cross the Missis
sippi river during the coming year
into the cotton fields of M'ssissippi,
and that it was time that cur people
were beginning to arrangt for its re
ception. He said: "With these facts
before us, it behooves our cotton grow
«rs to adopt a method of planting and
cultivating cotton which provides con
ditions unfavorable to the cotton wee
vil, for this is the only means by
which that insect can be combatted.
It cannot be poisoned or stamped out.
This has been demonstrated. Plant
ing early maturing seed and at the
proper distances in the drill and be
tween rows, and cultivating shallow
and frequently is the only means of
making a crop #ieti the weevil roach
es us. It will not do to await the in
vasion of the weevil before commenc
ing thk work. It should be commenc
ed at once, for by so doing th«* ad
vent of the cotton weevil will not be
followed by devastated field«, the
abolition of credit and its consequent
paralyzation of business.
The ruling prices for eggs and
chickens should prove an incentive for
numbers to go into tbe poultry busi
ness for a livelihood. There is no
doubt but that a few hens are a most
profitable investment for every fam
ily, but those who profess to know,
say that one hundred dozen hens can
not be handled as profitable as one
dozen. Some actual experiences along
this line would make interesting read
ing for this department. It would
prove a pleasure to give such general
publicity. Let's near from some of
those who have made a success of the
poultry business.
In boring for water at Yazoo City
a vein of soft eoal eighteen feet in
thickness was encountered at a depth
of 85 feet. The coal will be given
a thorough test and if found of value
arrangements for mining it will be
promptly mads. A supply of coal
would be of inestimable worth to that
good ta.vi, affording cheap fuel fo r
manufacturing plants, -a matter oi
great importance in tbe industrial de
velopment of our Mississippi cities.
Let us hope that it will prove of suffi
oient age to supply tbe demand for
factory fuel.
Mississippi is honored by having one
»f her native sons as president of the
Southern railway, one of th* greatest
fystems in the Union. W. W. Finle^
first began his railroad work on the
read running from New Orleans to
Jackson, now a part of the Illinois
Central system. He began in 1875
amd has steadily ascended the ladder
to one of the most important positions
in the whole country.
The Ripley Sentinel lifts the pro
verbial rag in the line of sweet pota
toes. Editor Anderson received five
from one hiU that weighed twenty
pound«, only requiring three hills ta
weigh a bushel. Estimating the pos
sible yield from an aere of potatoes
fike this would be thus: AHowing one
hiU for three feet each way there
wofhl be 4,900 hills to the acre and
tyree hills to the bitah«l the
yiwould of course be 1,053 buso
Some uneasiness has been caused *
ootton planten about the proposition
of English spinners to purchase largi
tracta of land in the South for th*
purpose of raking cotton for theii
mills. The writer believes that oui i
people should have no fears from suci '
an attempt. It is hardly probabl«
that any great success will attend and
an effort, and even if it does
it will be under the supervision of ac
experienced ootton grower and work
with the regular cotton labor. It ii
much more likely that these gentlemen
will be bronght to the belief that it
will be better to remove their mills tc
the South winch is the logical plac<
foT the manufacture of ootton. Thej to
are experienced in handling the milb
and would be more successful in run
ning them than our home people wh(
have not had the training necessary
te make it successful in the face oi :
such keen competition. We welcomi
the English capitalist in either capac
ity of grower or manufacturer.
re- ;
Ths establishment of an agricul
tural school in every congressional dii '
trict of the state would be an excel !
lent move. Labor conditions demanc
a change in the method of handling
onr farms and to insure intelligent
farming we must have schools when
it is taught handy to all. By such a j j k
metbod the drudgery and unpleasant g|
features of farm life can be éliminât- j
ed and the farm made more inviting |
Then onr young men will not be st
eager to leave the farm for the pro
fessions and homes in the cities anc |
towns This k a subject worthy ol
thought by all our people and
that will be thought about a groa'
deal in the future. 1
is om
The improvement in stock is a gooc
omen for the future of Mississippi
Recently a number of gentlemen ai. ,
Crystal Springs pooled and paid $3, ►
000 for an imported Oldenburg Ger
man coach stallion and will use bin j
in the betterment of the stock in that
section. Thk is a long step forward
and a most commendable one. Ou. r
great state is bound to show progrès« ...
in the development of stock and stock }°.
raising. Local conditions are as fa
vorable as anywhere in the Unitec
States and it should be made the Blu, |
Incalculable damage has been dom the
our state by the wild reports that ar*
greatly exaggerate 1 nd almost with
out foundation concerning the tionbl*
in Kemper county between the white* not
and blacks. One of the raetropo'i
tan papers even went so far as t<
print an account of a riot in thaï
vicinity which occurred ten or twelv* of
years ago under a present date line
Such as this does the South mor<
harm in a day than all of our good
people can correct in years. Strang*
that our own papers will allow such
Grass region of the South.
to appear in their columns.
. *
<*ri'ction of an up-to-date public school
building and it will be in readiness foi
the opening next fall. Considerabl*
Centreville has sold bonds for th*
I I . B
money will also be expended m un
proving the streets and side walks.
Centreville is progressing along all
lines and is one of the liveliest littlv
Cotton remains a fair price despit*
the manipulation of speculators that
endeavored to hammer the price oc
the report made by the government
census bureau. The world needs more I
than twelve and a half million bales j
and not a pound should be sold foi
less than ten cents. *
Returning military officials and
others comment unfavorably on tbe
broadcast regarding the situation at
Scooba. Tbe condition there are re
ported qaite and apprehension of
further trouble is passed. The rail
road officials say there were no fresh
The Postal Commission will sabrait
a report to Congress recommending
the reorganization of the postoffice
cities in tbe state.
outbreak today.
Yazoo City is spending $25,000 iu
ths construction of a city hall, an ad
minsstration building for the city offi
cials. This will be quite an addi- ;
tion to tbe number of handsome struc
tures in the new Yazo that has sprung
up since the great fire of two years
Street disorders were fomented in be
Brigade, Servia, by enemies of the
present dynasty.
Fancy poultry raising is a growing
industry in our state. Those engaged
in the business are finding it profitable
and others are encouraged to go and
do likewise. The snow annually held jjj
at Aberdeen has proven a great stim
ulus to fanciers and it grows in extent
and patronage from year to year,
There is money in it for those who
know bow to get it out and this num
ber is increasing very fast.
Greenwood has granted a franchise
to home people for the construction of
an electric street railway. An expert
engineer has gone over the ground and
made an estimate of the cost. The cit
izens of that Delta city are very en
thusiastic and it would not at be sur
prising to see a railway in operation
before many more moons.
Albert Williams convict iu the Mis
sissippi Penitentiary, was kîllèd by a
fallow convict
And Same Number Wounded As Re
ii olson's Murderer*,
tc Meridian, Miss.—Gov. Vardaman
«nd the state militia have returned
to Jackson. The governor annoonced
that he wild exhaust every means to
capture and punish the alleged mur
deren of a negro named Nicholson,
He offers nwarda of $250 for the ar
: net of Earnest Bryan, Hal Byrd and
suit of the Trouble. $250 Re
ward is Offered for capture of Nich
£ an Kerr, who are suspected of hav
g something to do with Nicholson's
murder. Of&cial returns place the
dead at twelve and the injured at the
ttam ber.
' Q iXL Fridge issued order to the
! „üiitia to be in readiness for another
emergency call, because of rumors
have reached him.
Th# body of one more negro was
found ^ the woods near Scooba, but
a j j k „ believed he had been dead sever
g| da y 3
j Tha people of Scooba are indiginant
| £ eiagxeratea report! sent
out, and claim that they have been
the incoming trains to pro
| vent whit4J from the oatgide
coming and pouting further
We, in Scooba undersrtd the ait
bat ion better than outsiders possibly
fean," a prominent citizens is reported
having said, "and if anybody is
be killed we know who it is, we
► no ' w th * mnocent negroes from ths
and our anxiety, is
"rom outsiders coming in and esnsing
further trouble,
^om Si m P®° n > father of the
r ho started the trouble at Wabalok
was arrested at DeKalb and brought
... . „ .
}°. this The °[ ° L Bnen iS
Wid to be at large, although the atate
is made that he was captured
| and 1 y nched in - the of Kemper
county. The sheriff was severely con
demned by the governor for leaving
the county during the trouble, and is
feaid have been negligent in leaving
l>art of the work to a deputy.
Governor Vardaman said he did
not think there was any danger of
(further trouble whatever over the
feeling against the negroes in Kemper
bounty. He referred to the wounding
of Conductor Cooper "by a lot of
drunken niggers'' as an atrocious
crime ; that the whole trouble will be
thoroughly invested and that he will
"have more to say."
Up to date the number of known
dead is six, John O'Brien, deputy sher ed
iff, and five negroes. There are two
white men and one negro wounded,
former being Conductor J. H. j
Cooper, of the Mobile and Ohio rail
road, and Deputy Sheriff Oliver East
lan(] It wa8 also rep orted, but un
confirmed, that a negro woman and
child were burned to death in a house
occupied by Dob Bird.
The most authentic story of the trou
fro«m its origin with the assault
on Conductor Cooper, to the present
time, was related at the citizens meet
in S Capt. F. D. Carr,
Sunday drunken negroes on the
train began to create a row and Con
dnetor Cooper tried to stop the fuss
* Q d one of the negroes cut Cooper up
seriously and made his escape at Wa
faalak. John O'Brien, an officer, at
tempted to arrest Tom Simpson, the
hogro who had cut the conductor, and
ßimpson shot and killed O'Brien. A,
crowd of citizens then proceeded to |
capture Simpson, who was helped by
other negroes to' make his escape. The
following negroes were killed. Bob
Simpson, brother of the murderer,
and Isham McNeis and Calvin Nick
elson. Chas. Neal, a negro, was so- and
riously wounded..
It was thought for some time that
the negroes were organizing to pro
ceed against the whites, but if such
was the case they soon became dis
organized after the military compa
nies appeared in the scene. Citizens
from all over this section of tbe state
went on a special train to the scene
of the disturbance. When they ar
rived at Wahalak not a negro was to
be seen or heard.
At Crawford on Monday, a negro
named Moae Longstreet, was in the
r «' i
Allowance for Mrs. Gorgas.
Tuscaloosa, Ma. —Mrs. Amelia Gor
gas, for twenty-three years Librarian Life
at the State University, and widow of
General Joslab Gorges, a president of
jjj e institution, has been given a re- <
tiring allowance by the Carnegie
Foundation for Education. Mrs. Gor
gas is 80 years of v.ge.
The town of Arioa, Chili, was par- j has
tially destroyed by an earthquake. j
A committee of t he Chicago Bar As
sociation reported that Judge Chet
lain of the Superior Court had en
gaged in transactions that "impair
ed his usefulness as a judge.
Members of an anti-Jewish society
invaded the Zionist congress at Buc
harest, causing a riot in which many
Jews were injured.
Severe snow atprms were reported j fat
in London and other parts of f!ng-| when
way, and Archer, a brakemn, told the
negro to move, and the negro stated
that he nor no other railroad man
could make him move. Then Archer
knocked the negro down. The negro
accompanied by others of his race,
returned Monday night, armed, and
when the special train arrived from
Wahalak be saw a railroad man whom
he took to be Archer and fired at him,
killing Conductor Harrison. After be
ing shot Conductor Harrison killed
the negro. The other negroes made
their escape.
Citizens while looking for other ne
groes involved in the shooting went
on Thomas Walker's place, four mil«
west of Brooksville and were search
ing the barn. A negro lived on the
place told them that they nor no other
white man could search the barn, and
went to the house to get a gun. He
was shot and killed.
Two other negroes involved are still
at large. Phone messages from Craw
ford state that everything is quiet in
Following the wounding of Cooper
a posse was organized Monday night
to search for Tom Simpson, his col
ored assailant. They went to Weha
lak and from there into the surround
country, finding one negro dead and
indications that another had been
roughly handled.
Twenty-four hours later Deputy
Sheriff Alexander and eight other men
including Capt. Carr, renewed the
search for Simpson. They were una
ble to find him and, in their rounds,
rode up to the house of Calvin Nich
olson, a well-to-do negro farmer. Be
sides Nicholson, there were two other
men, two women and soven children
in the house. Part of Sheriff Alexan
der's posse began firing into the house
without provocation, killing Nicholson
before Alexander could restrain them.
The other occupants of the house es
caped before the rioters set it on fire
and burned it to the ground. It was
in this trouble that Oliver Eastland
was slightly wounded in two places
by weapons in the hands of members
of the posse. Before daybreak two
other negro houses are known to have
been burned and it was intimated that
more are dead than have been account,
ed for.
Deputy Sheriff Alexander's life has
been repeatedly threatened since his
arrival here by the rougher element.
District Attorney Currie said last
night that he wished to apprehend
Daniel Kerr, Hal Byrd and Earnest
Bryan, who were members of Sheriff
Alexander's posse, and who have dis
Los Angeles,— Col. H. B. Maxson,
vice-president of the National Irriga
did tion Congress and secretary of the
of Board of Education of Reno, Nev.,
the who has been spending the past few
weeks in the state of Sonora, Mexico,
has arrived here with a graphic, story
of of the massacre of Mexicans and
whites which occured at the town of
be Lancho late Saturday afternoon,
According to the statement of Mexson
whose train stopped an hour at Lan
cho. While there rumors were receiv
ed that the Yaquis were on the war
path and that the few people in the
neighborhood of the station and rail
H. j roads were in danger. The station mas
Yaquis on the Warpath.
ter, a man named ^Thompson, belittled
the matter, and said he and his wife
would remained at their post.
The train bearing Col. Maxson and
party had not left the station more
than an hour when the Yaquis descend
ed on the party of Mexicans and at
tacked the little party of Mexicans and
Americans and butchered four. Sta
tion Agent Thompson and wife es
caped by boarding a work train which
pulled in at that time. The train ap
peared after four of the people had
been killed and Thompson and his
wife had defended themselves back of
the barricaded doors of the depot.
As the work train appeared the In
dians withdrew,
The train bringing Col. Maxson and
A, party continued to a station aboat
| fifteen miles farther along the line
and then as the sign of the uprising
became more alarming the party de
cided tc return.
back toward Lancho, and when it
arrived, the station had been burned
and four bodies lay along the tracks,
The train started
Not many miles along the road the
scene was duplicated. Four more
dead bodies of Mexicans and Ameri
diseovered along the tracks
cans were
Tbe little band at this station had
been able to repulse the attack of the
Yaquis with tbe loss of but four of
their number. The remaining members
of the company refused to leave on
tbe train but said they could stand
ff the Indians until the next day,
when the rurales would reach the spot
and justic would be meted out to the
murderers if captured.
Demurrers filed by Andrew Hamil
ton in suits brought by the New York
1 m , MB
Life to compel an accounting for
$574,250 were sustained by the New
York courts.
Ths Paris courts held Mme. Anna
Gould jointly responsible for certain
of the Castellane jewelry debts.
The Canadian Minister of Labor
j has drawn up a bill providing for the
j settlement of strikes and lockings.
Autopsy Over Dead Turkey.
Chicago.—Dr. Whalen, of the Chi
cago health department has begun an
investigation following the discovery
that a turkey intended to grace a
Christmas dinner table was in the last
stages of consumption.
J. Winwood had purchased a live
turkey on Christmas eve from Chas.
Kiohr, a butcher. The gobbler was
j fat and apparently in good health but
when killed several shot spots were
I found on the heart and liver.
Culled From Important Happenings
Throughout the 8t&te During the
Past Week and Reviewed in Brief
for Onr Readers.
Mauler's Address.
Secretary Fred Muller, of the Mis
sissippi Immigration League, k send
ing oat the following address to the
various boards of trade, commercial
bodies, railroads, manufacturing en
terprises, etc., in the state:
Dear Sir: If you have not been in
attendance at the conference in Jack
son on the 17th and 18th of Decem
ber, 1906, you have no doubt learned
from the newspaper reports of the
permanent organization of the Mis
sissippi State Immigration League.
Briefly stated the purpose of the
league are : ■ -
To stimulate immigration of a se
lect character in the state of Missis
To secure through legislative en
actment the creation and financial
maintenance of a state immigration
department with a commissioner of
undisputable ability and thorough
knowledge at the helm.
To secure modification of existing
federal immigration laws, should con
ditions warrant.
To secure non-discrimination of the
Trans-Atlantic steamship companies
iu the landing of immigrants.
To co-operate with similar southern
organizations and state departments.
To disseminate reliable information
bearing upon the agricultural, indus
trial and commercial opportunities of
To assist in efforts to hold district,
county and state fairs at intervals.
To co-operate with those urging the
necessity for good roads.
To refute slanderous reports pub
lished to discredit the state in the
eyes of prospective settlers.
The plan of organization was care
fully prepared and received the unan
imous endorsement of all the dele
gates in attendance. The league was
ordered incorporated under the laws
of the state of Mississippi.
The dues were fixed at three dollars
per year payable in advance, to en
able every citizen of the state to be- j
come an active worker and supporter.
The platform is comprehensive and
with a view to stimulate in an effec
tive way the productive energy of the
The officers have been chosen
eye to their fitness for the work
on hand.
Your individual assistance and co
operation as a progressive citizen is
earnestly solicited.
The necessity for the very work
we have mapped out for the Miissb
sippi State Immigration League o«
doubt has suggested itself to you in
your own surroundings and therefore
we make free to solicit your member
The allege^ cotton -seed trust form
ed by the oil mills of the state is hold
ing its own in the fi,«rht with the farm
ers. Thus for no mills have been eom
peUed to close down on account of
seed shortage, and the remainder of
the crop is being freely offered.
Cotton Seed Trust.
Prices remain unchanged, seed be
ing quoted at $12 and $13 per ton,
and the advances predicted by the
farmers' organizations have failed to
materialize, while the holding move
ment is apparently an utter failure.
MSI managers claim that they are
paying all seed is worth ; that the qual
ity of seed has shown little or no im
provement, and few mills in the state
will manufacture prime oil this sea
son, o»wing to bad condition of seed.
'Nearly all the mills in the state are
running at full capacity with day and
night shifts, and the remainder of the
crop will be worked up by the mid
dle of March or the first of April. A
few mills, however, may be able to
protract their ruus until the latter
part of April or the first of May.
Relatives Were the Victims.
Rufus Sullivan and his brother-in
law, Fendren, living one and a half
miles out af Weathersby had a diffi
culty over family matters the other
night. Fendren was cut dangerous
ly, but Sullivan, unharmed, disappear
ed and has been found.

One Convict Kills Another.
Henry Prewitt, a negro convict,
killed another convict named Albert
Williams, at Sunflower Farm.
Reports of the affair was received
at the office of the Board of Control
and the sergeant states that the kill
ing was a cold-blooded deliberate mur
der. Williams being knocked in the
head with a stick of wood while asleep
and the assassion then hammered the
dead man's skull to a jelly.
Cannon Crackers in Coat.
A pr *':age of cannon crackers
which r ■ ning son of W. S. Welborn,
near I. el, was carrying in the
breast j ket of his coat exploded, se
riously injuring the boy.
Wife Attacks Husband.
Dave Courtney's wife in a crazy
spell, struck her husband over the eye
with a hatchet and then tried to cut
his throat, but a boy pulled her off. no
Courtney is in a dangerous condition,
Fired Into Train.
An unknown party fired into th*
westbound passenger train on the
Alabama & Vicksburg road, and sev
eral passengers bad a narrow escape
from death.
The train had just left the plant
of the Jackson Brick Company, one
mile from the Pearl river bridge,
when the unknown party fired both
barrels of a double barreled shotgun
through one of the windows of the
day coach. The window pane was
shattered and a large hole torn in the
woodwork of the opposite side of the
Conductor McElroy was in charge
of the train, and immediately signaled
the engineer to stop. A brief search
was made, bat the party had escaped
in the darkness. The matter was re
ported to the detective bureau of the
company, and an investigation will be
made. A traveling man was sitting
at the window through which the
shots were fired, but happened to be
leaning bc*k in his seat, and thus es
caped instant death.
Surveyors at Work.
A corps of surveyors oi the New
Orlean£ & Great Northern road is at
work in the northen sububs of Jack
son mapping the route for the pro
posed line from this city to Memphis.
The party is under the direction ol
Assistant Chief Engineer Hayden, and
is composed of twelve surveyors and
linemen. This morning the party wai
engaged in the vicinity of the Jack
son Fertilizer company's plant.
There has been no denial, expressed
or implied, to the report made public
a few dayB since that the New Orleans
& Great Northern has cquired the Del
ta Southern and Webb branches oi
the Southern Railway, and that tbesi
two lines will be utilized in the con
struction of the road from Jackson tc
The route of entry into Jackson fot
the northern extension has been prac
tically decided upon, and the survey
now in progress is the final one. The
party will move northward from her«
to Yazoo City. ^
Young Mar. Killed.
At Carmichael, George Butler shot
and killed Luke Barefield. Both art
prominent young married men. Bare
field is reported to have been crazec
by drink, and Butler, it is said, wai
justified and was acting in self-de
fense. Barefield went to Butler *i
house and asked Butler for a drinl
of liquor. Butler, seeing that Bare
field was intoxicated, promised to tn
to find him a drink in the bouse, bu'
Barefield, not being satisfied, begai
! abusing Butler an-.l struck him witl
! brass knuckles, knocking him down
Butler struck Barefield, and the latte:
left vowing that he would kill Butle;
later in day. Barefield returned witl
a gun and began shooting into But
1er 's house. Butler picked up a shot
gun, and going out iu front of thi
house shot Barefield, who turned am
walked to the gate, falling dead a
i the gate. Barefield s father is treas
urer of Choctaw county, Ala., and it
othewise well-connected. Butler i
said to be entirely justified.
Kills Himself.
W. D. Howsee, a prominent mer
c hant of Crenshaw was instantly kill
ed . jjj e accidental discharge o'.
a shotgun. The contents of one bar
rel tore a hole almost through thi
body, starting below the heart ant
lodging under the right shoulder bladi
Howsee borrowed a gun and wem
hunting with several boys and whet
he came downtown to open his store
he brought the gun in one hand anc
a water backet in the other. He si)
the bucket down on his right side and
was holding the gun in his left hand
He had put the key in the lock anc
was making an effort to get tbe dooi
open when the gun slipped from hh
hand, the butt striking heavily on th*
iron door plate, discharging one bar
rel and making a deep dent in th*
cap of the cartridge of the other. Hi
fell back and died immediately with
out speaking a word to those whe
rushed to his assistance.
Two Killed in Dispute.
News reached Columbia that two
negroes, Atho Stipney and Willi*
Johnson, were killed at Hub station
by two other negroes. They were en
gaged in a crap game, when Leon
Johnson shot Atho Stipney in th*
back. Columbus Dauieb, friend oi
Stipney 's then shot Willis Johnson, a
brother of Leon Johnson, who was
trying to shoot him. Sevrai of the
friends of Johnson then commenced
shooting at Daniels, who ran off, and
succeeded in making his escape. He
surrendered to Sheriff Magee here and
was placed in jail, to await an inves
tigation. 9
Marshall Shot Negro.
♦ Marshall J. F. Brown, of Shubuta,
attempted to arrest Juilius Trotter,
colored of Waynesboro, under a
charge of carrying concealed weapon*
Trotter grabbed his pistol and at
tempted to disarm him. When Brown
got the pistol pointed towards the ne
gro he fired and shot Trotter through
tbe hand and grazed his head. Trot
ter escaped.
Governor on Scooba Trouble.
no fear that there will be further mob
While here the governor stated thal
in his opinions the reports concerning
the trouble at Scooba hve been great
ly exaggerated. He does not think
that the total number of persons kill
ed is over four*or five.
i *
The ne
groes had been alarmed nd the white
persons had been anxious, but all is
now quiet in the Seoob» neighbor
» *
said the governor.
"I have
r *
When the land Is sour and grow*
up with sorrel (which contains ox
alle acid), lime Is said then to
''sweeten" the »oil by removing th*
»öurnsoi, but what it really does li
to assist In changing the acids of the
toll into carbonate and oxalate o(
lime, through chemical combinations,
the sour soli becoming alkaline be
tause the lime has united with the
Iclds which existed before its pres
ence. With the changes thus made
follow others, but they may be rapid
br alow, according to circumstances,
lometlmea the benefits from lime not
being apparent until the second
ear, but on soils upon which lime
as not been applied for years it
Sever fella to give excellent results»
and in proportion to the benefits de*
lved It coats but little, la plentiful
ud should be used more extensively.

Jn the growing ot alfalfa the land
must be plowed deep and harrowed
fine. Manure and fertilizer should
lie applied liberally In the spring and
lime applied on the land In the fall.
Bow the seed in the spring, using
from ten to twenty pounds of seed.
According to circumstances, sowing
broadcast If the land is clear ot
frasa and weeds. If not. It will be
in advantage to drill the seed In
rows, close together, and cultivât»
•.he first year with wheel hoes. Once
istabllshed, an alfalfa plot will last
tor years, as the roots go down to
great depths and secure moisture,
tn this section farmers should sow a
,'ew rows by way of experiment In the
iprlng, and keep the plants free of
grass and weeds. Some alfalfa
growers find the fall the best time to
teed the land.
There two ways of completely de
itroylng weeds. One Is to let them
lave the opportunity to grow, and
iy frequently cultivating them, turn
them under as fast as they mi
'.heir appearance, the other beinjf to
:rowd them out by growing some
:rop that will not give the weeds a
:hance to grow. No system of culti
vation will kill all the weeds if a
trop Is desired—such as corn—for
.he grass and weeds will only be
'ept down so long as cultivation
asts, especially as corn is usually
'laid by" at a time when the weeds
',re producing seeds, thus establish
ing themselves for the succeeding
rear. As a test of what supposed
.'lean culture of corn may be simply
;ut down a row of stalks and a row
if weeds will remain. As a single
veed produces thousands of seeds the
abor of destroying the weeds must
)e repeated next season.
To derive the best results from
straw when It is used for bedding
ind manure it should be cut fine
vith an ensilage cutter. While the
vhole straw in the stalls answers the
jurpose well, yet it does not possess
he power- of absorbing tbe liquids
intil it Is broken up. When passed
.hrough the cutter it is Instantly
nade fine, and it then almost equals
Iry dirt. The same may be said of
thredded cornstalks. It is of more
idvantage to pass them through the
•hredder than to throw them out to
>e trampled, as they can also be
tsed with cut straw in the stalls.
When the fine materials and manure
re thrown on the heap there will be
io coarse pieces to rot. The whole
aass will quickly decompose, and
/ith less loss of the valuable constit
leuts than when the straw and stalks
ire uncut, while the labor of hand
ing and spreading such mànure will
re reduced to a minimum cost.
In the last five years forest owners
ave wantonly wasted millions of dol
ars In timber destroyed. The forest
ixperts at Washington frankly say
hey do not expect a great many prl
ate owners of smaller forests to care
or their property as It actually
hould be cared for. But they do ex
iect corporations and States to look
.fter their forest tracts more care
ully than they havé^been doing.
States can derive three per cent,
in every forest reserve they estab
Ish, says Alfred Gaskill,*of the For
st Service at Washington,
his even in planting forests. Jn
Ifana has a new reserve of two thou
and acres which is expected to pay.
'ennsylvania is systematically plant
ng trees under State control. Cali
ornia alone has a working forest
irea of twenty million five hundred
housand acres; Maryland Is begin
ilng the study of forestry; Massa
husetts has a State forestry associa
lon dealing with speciflic problems
n that State; New Hampshire is
lolng forestry field work. Extensive
xamlnations have been made by the
forest Service in Alaska, and In 1903
he Legislature of Hawaii passed a
<111 providing for an insular forest
ervlce and creating a Board of Agri*
ulture and Forestry. Last year there
ras field work on eight forest tracts,
rith a total area of one million sixty
igbt thousand acres, in Minnesota,
'Jew Hampshire, West Virginia, Ala
>ama and Texas.—Thomas R. Shipp.
U The Reader.
Tommy's Ingenious Excuse.
Teddy was in a hurr; r for his din
ier and did not wash his face thor
oughly. When asked if he called
hat washing his »ace, he said: 'Of
ourse I do. I did wash my face, but
i didn't think It necesary to go into
Wages in the machine factories oi
«ermany advanced last year ten tq
I teen per cent.

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