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HEAVY FIRE LOSSES
INSURANCE COMPANIES HAVE BEEN HARD HIT THIS YEAR. FARMERS BECOMING ACTIVE Replanting of Cotton and Corn Or der of Day in Mississippi. Shoe Eyelet Scratch Causes Woman's Death. According to special agents of_the fixe insurance companies operating in Mississippi, the loss Tatio for the current year will be the heaviest on record, if the present monthly aver age is maintained. Since the 1st of January the fire companies 'have been suffering disaster after disaster* and some companies report that premiums Received form hardly 50 per cent of the losses they have ^stained. The total volume of fire insurance busi ness written inMississippi in 1906 was $^49,702,064, of which the premiums cbijehted amounted to $2,605,912.93, and the losses incurred were $2,025, 556.13. A considerable increase in volume of business was shown during the year 1907, according to figures compil 6d by the insurance commissioner, the volume of business written or renewed being $176,977,912.28, which the premiums received were $2,809,278.06. The losses incurred were $1,5005,143.69. It will thus be seen that the loss ratio was consiler ably smaller than that of the previous year, but the insurance co^ÿoanies say that what they made in 1907, as compared with 1906, has been more thân wiped out since the 1st of Jan uary, 1908. on the ple are Firming Under Good Headway. The recent three weeks' rainfall amounted to nearly eight inches ac cording to an average report prepared by the Mississippi department of the weather bureau, and the unusual pre cipitation undoubtedly caused much damage to farming interests. How ever, the season is early, and it is possibly for the farmers to recoup losses by redoubling their energies. The farmers have renewed their ac tivities, and work in the fields is once Æofè under 31 of way. Asks $35,400 Back Taxes. Recently in the supreme court of Gie United States it was decided that the Y. & M. V. railwroad was liable tp the oity of Vicksburg for back tares. City Attorney Anderson has hand ed a bill to the Y. & M. V. railroad, the judgment with interest amounting to $35,400 which is to be paid to the Vicksburg eity treasury within the next few weeks. Complies With City Ordinances. At the meeting of the Board of Aldermen of Natchez, Superintendent Galvinni, of the Yazoo and Missis sippi Valley, appeared and stated that every engine on his line -enter ing the city is equipped with a spark arrester. The Board recently adopt ed an ordinance requiring that all engines be equipped with spark resters. to ment 000 ar Shops Work Longer. The Illinois Central railroad shops at Water Valley announced that^un til further notice the shops would work nine hours a day and six days in the week. The people look upon this as meaning that business along all lines will be better than it has been for some time. The shops have been working eight hours, and in some cases four or five days a week. Bank of Magee Closes Doors. The Bank of Magee csosed its doors and its affairs will probably be liqui dated. The bank 'has a capital of $20,000 and a surplus of $10,000. Its deposits amounted to about $70, 000. The recent failure of a bank at Mendenhall and the shortage of Sheriff Clements caused a shrinkage in the deposits of the bank. Board of Trade Visit. Nashville's Board of Trade, 100 strong, will visit Meridian durin 0 the latter part of June for a glance at the commercial situation in Meri dian, in particular, and in Missis sippi in general, leave Nashville June 15, in a special train, for a tour of the state, with Meridian as the objective point. Arrested and Placed in Jail. Will Crosby, a negro prisoner, was placed in jail by Corney Reeves of Copiah county. Crosby is wanted at Hazlehurst for killing his wife and a man named Jim Johnson. a in ry rr The board will ing Co. Mistrial in Case of H. M. Wheeler. A mistrial as entered in the case of H. M. Wheeler, charged with the murder of Oscar Woolridge, and the jury discharged at Hernando, Miss. Wheeler had been admitted to bail prior to the trial on account of his physical condition. The crime with which Wheeler is charged is the murder of Oscar Wool ridge on Sept. 29, 1906. The trial was bitterly contested. tion the to I his Every now and then an apparent epidemic of cattle stealing breaks out in one part of the state or another, and one seems to have developed cently almost under the dome of the capitol. The thefts that have been discovered have been traced to gro butchers, but the work has been in most instances so cleverly done as to baffle the owners, as well as of filed eral as the officers when they go after directors evidence upon which to convict the doit thieves. re ne Topographical Survey. An arrangement has been made through the efforts of Major T. G. Dabney, Chief Engineer with the United States Geological Survey, and an agreement entered into between the United States Department and the Tallahatchie Drainage Commis sion, by which the Geological Sur vey is to cover the whole territory comprising the drainage district with a thorough system of topographical ork and maps to represent the results of the • field operations. The field work is to be done under the direction of Van H. Manning, of Holly Springs. Typographer of the United States Geological Survey, who is now at Tunica assembling the field parties, seven in number. There are to be distributed throughout the dis trict, and to rush that work imme diately and vigorously. It. is expect ed to be completed this season. Favorable Health Indication. Th life insurance companies at the close of business in 1906, had business outstanding amounting to $96,822,085, incurred losses of $1, 296,717.47, and collect^ premiums amounting to $3,347,290.42. At the close of the year 1907 they had busi ness outstanding amounting to $10l, 363,797.55, incurred losses during the year amounting to $1,213,814.71, and collected premiums amounting to $3, 465,240.38. Thns it is 6een that while the volume of business increased con siderably, there was a very small in crease in the losses incurred, which might be taken to indicate a decided improvement in the state of public health, among persons who are carrying life insurance. or a disinclination to die The Condition at Purvis. A letter from the chairman of the finance committee at Purvis states that the community is slowly recov ering from the disastrous results of the recent tornado. "We have com-1 menced rebuilding and repairing, says Chairman Davis, "but our peo ple are, for the most part, poor and are badly in need of aid for this work. " n ! Quarterly Report Filed. The quarterly report of the Gulf port and Mississippi Coast Traction Company has been filed with the Railroad Commission. It shows ceipts for the quarter ending March 31 of $4/,634.63, a decrease from the same period last year of $98.53; and operating expenses of $36,904.15, increase of $2,807.46. University New Buildings. The Building Committee of the Board of Trustees of the University of Mississippi has been examining plans and specifications for the biuldings to be constructed year. They have had twelve plans submitted to them from points. rc an new this has various Vicksburg Not Satisfied. The Vicksburg business bodies nave telegraphed the Misissippi senators to put up a stiff fight for an appro priation of $150,000 for an enlarge ment of the public building here. The house budget provided for only $15 000 . ' of ing to the Iowa Veterans at Vicksburg. Three regiments of veterans from Iowa and Wisconsin held a two days' reunion at Vicksburg last week. General Stephen D. Lee will welcome them on behalf of the Confederate Veterans. This city is gaily deco rated for the event. a his and of Eyelet Scratch Cause Death. Mrs. F . L. Rolle, ur Greenville, died from blood poisoning and lock jaw. This a little sore on brought about by her ankle caused by the schatch of an eyelet of her shoe. On this sore was applied an acid to heal it, and this caused the trojjfcle. was Odd Fellows Elect Officers. The Grand Lodge of the I. 0. 0. F., in session at Meridian, closed its vention after selecting Columbus as the place of meeting next year and electing as Grand Master/ P, W. Maer of Columbus. con Declared Bankrupt. United States Clerk Moseley has arranged the papers in the involunta ry bankruptcy matter of W. R. Cas ton, of McComb City, who has been declared bankrupt by a number of creditors. State's Cotton Sold. The sale of the state's cotton took place last week, the entire lot of 1, 138 bales bringing 11 1-8 cents, hav ing been purchased by W. C. Crarg & Co. About 450 bales were staple, the balance benders. The entire lot stored in waa a compress. Bustillo'g Release. Puerto Cortez.—General Ogyell Bustillo, Minister of Honduras, who took refuge with the Mexican lega tion at Gautemala May 14, has been released. It appears that although the legation was surrounded by Ca brera's soldiers, the diplomatic corps went in a body and escorted Bustillo to the palace demanding of Cabrera his release which was conceded. D. J. Haire, of Gulfport, a con tractor of that city and a member of the Haire Construction Company, filed with Roy Chin, clerk of the Fed eral District Court, a voluntary pe tition in bankruptcy. Hnire gires his liabilities as $7,649.75 and his assets as $3,846.17. at D* uuto Oth as they would do uuto you, but the doit first." Some are still following! David's advice. J David Harum said: n 1 FOB GBEATEB MISSISSIPPI U4 A|rtto!t«nU «£• lmniM •« Ik* Mat*. DmM to Ml« D*Wi«ÿKMl «f Ittai mt UtorMt •F *• * iLAllSlH, Jadiea, Ml««. The prosperity of a country, the safety of its homes, the happines of its citizens, is determined by the enactment of wise and wholesome laws and their strict enforcement. Mississippi has upon her statute books laws that are just and equit able, proposed, considered and en acted by men who are in close sym pathy with the masses of the people. If there be any exceptions to this rule, they are few and far between^ and can be remedied by proper ef fort. These laws should be strictly and impartially enforced. The wel fare of the country demands it. If there is a bad one on the books, re peal it in the proper manner and not by non-enforcement. This mus.L be made the banner state for law and order in the Union. Such aj^ end can only be accomplished by the en actment of just and equitable laws and their strict and impartial en- 1 forcement. The infraction of a slightly impor-1 tant law leads to graver offenses, Citizens who wink one eye at a small offense will sooner or later be call ed upon to go blind when a more se rious crime has been committed. Ken tucky is experiencing this right now. A movement to illegally right a wrong has developed into a reign of anarchy and lawlessness. Tire sympathy of the world was with the night risers to begin with, but now stands appalled at the barborous acts perpetrated and the reckless iisre gard for law aiid authority evidenc ed. White cap organizations in Mis sissippi were formed to correct cer tain evils, more by persuasion and Influence than by the perpetration numbered in of crime, and often their ranks many good and true men.|l°w The commission of a slight offense against the law without punishment encouraged more .serious ones; law-l^d less characters crept into the ranks and the general result has been "cru elty, arson, murder. There is not a man in Mississippi who does not know of these consequences. ! consequences. The causes that justified the old recönstruction Ku-Klux cannot prop erly be pleaded in the cases men tioned. This is a case of neigkboi I against neighbor, friend a-ainst I friend, son against father or brother against brother. In the former, it was the white people of the South | against an arorgant race arbitrarily given authority over them and en couraged to deeds of lawlessness by unreliable and mercenary parties. The night riders began as an organ ization to protect tobacco growers against the merciless tobacco trust. The result was satisfactory for a time, but with the admission of law less characters into their ranks and emboldened by immunity from pun ishment, has resulted in a body that has taken upon itself the correction . I of all grievances, real and imaginary and does not hesitate to commit crime to carry out its purpose, pro ducing a reign of terror that is ran« ing hundreds of law-abiding citizens to desert their homes and flee to places of safety. In rmftiy instances the savings o* a lifetime of toil and I deprivation has been swept away in a night, the farmer not only losing, his barn and outhouses, but his hor*; and not infrequently his life * God forbid that the good old state of Mississippi shall ever experience such. The few instances of such a Character which have happened with in her bounds sould prove object les sons to guide our people clear of such breakers in the future. Ten Tears •go a party nf good men in county attempted to correct an error ? in a young man of the neighborhood and the horrible outcome of that ei-l-" pediation should prove a warning!^ against a repetition of the act. Two good citizens dead and a dozen fam ilies heartbroken. The sad scenes io f and around the Federal court build ing at Jackson only a rliort while ago when hundreds of good citizensTf Franklin county were before that au- ? gust tribunal for something that was ' begun for a purpose that seeme-Wto them just and right, but before it was ended human life had been sac rificed and dozens of homes were darkened with a cloud of sorrow. The reign of terror in a portion of Law- L renee for a time early this year and L" the murder of a good man and warn ing of others, as well as a number of other isolated instances that might be named, should prove the guide boards to steer our people clear of such dangerous ground in the fu More than More than thirty of the seventy eight counties L-ve inaugurated movements for the establishment of agricultural high schools according to the provisions of the recent law on that very important subject^Cop ies of the law ran be had by drop ping a postal to the Department of Agriculture and Commerce. If county is not in line, right the time to begin that end. your now is an agitation to Atlanta, Ga.—The eleventh anni versary Conference of the National Good Citizenship League convened at Wesley Memorial church, this city. The convention is being attended by delegates from all parts of the try. Many short addresses made in general discussion on Dr. White's paper, as well as others on the subjects "How Rest to Promote the Study and Advancement of Good Government" and "Problem of the J Twentieth Century City." coun were ture. Mississippians as a rule are God fearing and law-abiding. They do not willfully infract the laws of ^he land and will not do it unless mis led by shrewd and unscrupulous par ties. They love their homes and are obedient to command of constituted authority. It must ever remain thus. The few disorders of recent years are but isolated instances and should not be confounded with such afafirs as noted in Kentucky, Illi nois and other states. The rural home is the hope of our state, and any movement that will jeopardize its safety must be nipped in the bud. It is a duty that every citizen owe* to his home, his family, his govern ment and his God. Make Mississippi the banner state for law and order in the Union ; where the humble home of the man with forty acres is as 1 safe as the millionaire in the city; where the rural school fits the young for the battles of life and church fa eilities are accorded all. The writer is not unnecessarily alarmed at the prospects for lawless ness and would not convey any such impression. Our good state has been exceptionally free from such in th* past, and this is written for the pur pose of emphasizing the importance of having it conitnue so. A word now may be worth a whole -book at some time in the future, petuity of our record for law and order must be provided for, and the God-fearing and home-loving peopl# °f Mississippi will see .that it is done. While the strenuous call is being made for a reduction in the cotton acreage to prevent a big crop and a The per price next fall, and the farmers "re being urged to plant more large My the necessities that can be rais at home, it is pleasant to learn J u5t what some people are actually doing with other crops besides cot ton and corn - Dur Mississippi lands are capable of producing most liber ally of almost any crop grown in this COUntry ' and the follUvV1Ug fram the Laurel Chronicle is worthy of repro duction as an actual experience in the I P ine ^ woods: I P ine ^ woods: I J * M. Lindsey, a live truck grow er near Laure1 ' has done what man Y it another truck prrowpr * a " do > lf he | wllL Last week Mr - Lindsey shipped a car load of lettuce and this week he sent forward 427 bushels of select, picked Irish potatoes, the product of three and one-half acres. These ship ments were to Cleveland, Ohio. Dar ing this season, Mr. Lindsey will ship by flve more cars of P° tatoes and five a cars of other truek - Here is a field of actm ty and money making. Five hundred more progressive truck grow en? llke J - M * L*" dse y» located on and intelligently tilling the lands con Dguous to Laurel, would make this . I section blossom as the rose and our fast growing city hum with business any... ****&• Jones county soil ^»not he excelled for fertility." mat Edltor Noble sa ^ with re * 7 ard to th ' e P° ssl bihties 0.f the soil m Jones count y as a PP b cable to the I ' arger part of the state - U can be done and should be done, but who will do it? South Mississippi needs more than one hundred thousand "°° d whlte farmers to take her lands a " d , , makcprod " ee ° f ~ tbe "" t . n,eed . 8 - f We d " *. w "> "" de ; a "C ble . ■"■n'£ r »bon and the n«tb«* 18 ^ « S»uth " 18S,S8 'J P ' bad , tl,e 1 . «"-■'»"dred. th0 " 8and wh * te . faml ! lc8 tkat ia ï e *" ne Texas m ? d f f a P t0 te lj ? ow . ° S 'T! ■ a S-? c . u1 ' ei-l-" *' ' 10rtlc " , '" re and stock raising * 7 Et.*«ri>tMm* peo th ' y ar ? i „*!" ? ,uf, W6 ' ^ ,S - f T , , a ' len ' , °'> »f n '"«»; a l people m the past, • ,1. lesls ' a ' ur ' a be gm mUSt ^ follo " d ? Iir .i , , . - ' 8 ' h °" 18 ' c f. nty dcpart - LutiL*T 't u^e ^ nT ° Ur fu°^ 8 111 Tndn^u ^r belreves that , , ^ Swfv* the .f ,ate w,th a bl * s î ate L "td , * "f. 8 ° n '° * I', 0 " L" ,h s " are we up ener The corn clubs, agricul annually. The states tfhat have drawn upos us for thous ands of our best people had these. Make agricultural pursuits attrac tive and it will tend to keep Missis sippians in Mississippi, setting the immigration problem. The Progress at Eupora proposes a fair for Webster county to hold its initial meeting this fall. While it is possibly too late to work up a com plete fair, the farmers could make a good one-dày exhibition and the premiums could be off f ed by the business and professional men. This plan has worked splendidly in a number-of places and has always suited in a permanent fair assicia* tion. re Don't forget that Mississippi has always been an! will continue to be the best state in the Union for the men with moderate pian must be protected in his rights in the future as in the past. This is the heritage to hand down to children. means. Every OUT Only what we have wrought into our characters during life can we take away v\th us.''—Humboldt. i i _ NEGROES IN SCHOOL. Illinois Supreme Court at Last De cides Alton Case. Alton, 111.—After twelve years of litigation the Illinois Supreme Court has issued a writ of mandamus against the mayor and members of the city Council of Alton in the long fought school case. The writ requires the officials to permit Ambrose and Minnie JJibb, negroes, to attend the Washington or any other convenient school. The suit was filed by Scott Bibb, the fa ther of the two students, who have since outgrown their grade school. Ambros is 20 years old and Jtinnie eighteen. Only four members of the city council then in office are still serving. The negroes say they will take advantage of the writ to attend the high school, having carried on their studies under private direction until they are qualified to enter. The writ specifies the Bibbs and is not believed to apply to any other ne groes, but others are expected to make a fight. Negress Loses Her Suit. Boston.—The jury in the breach of promise case of Annie L. Manley, a negress, against Prof. Phillipe Bel knap Marcou, formerly a Hardvard professor, after deliberating an hour and a half found for the defendant and refused damages to the plaintiff, who claimed 25,000 for alleged breach of promise of marriage. There were some sharp interchanges between Judge Bond, who presided, and ex Judge Dewey, counsel for the plain tiff. Woman's Suffragists. Londton.—Prime Minister Asquith took a step in the direction of encour aging the claims of women for en franchisement. He said he was not himself an advocate of woman's suf frage, but he had an open mind on the subject, and if an amendment was introduced to the projected re form bill favoring woman suffrage on democratic lines, the government would not oppose it. Will Wed Senator's Daughter. Rome.—It is reported here that ar aide of the Duke of the Abruzzi has just returned from America, where he reached an agreement with Senator Stephen B. Elkins, regarding the mar riage ofJthe Senator's daughter, Kat herine Elkins, to the Duke. Negotia tions are stîîî progressing, however, to decide whether the marriage is to occur here or in the United States. Big Fire in Memphis. Memphis, Ten n.—The warehouse and grain elevator of Jones & Rol gers, and the building occupied a§ a warehouse by the Orgill Brothers & Co., hardware concern, were destroy ed by a fire over which mastery was gained only after several hours bat tling by the entire fire department of the city. The loss is estimated at $325,000. The cause of the fire could not be ascertained. <>■ <>■ Victim of Rabies Made Easy. New York.—To ease the last hour of a victim of rabies, William Marsh, a wealthy inventor and manufacturer of Brooklyn, who was told that he had hydrophobia and would live a few days only, the physicians put him un der the influence of opiates. Between Mr. Marsh bade farewell paroxysms, to his family and arranged his busi ness affairs. Union Farm Kennels Burn. Montgomery, Ala.—News here that the Union Farm Kennels, at Suspension, have been destroyed by fire and that several fine dogs and horses perished. Other property was destroyed. Tonopaugh, the great win ner of many field trials, was saved from the fire. The kennels were owned by C. J. Tway. To Prevent Land Princes. Guthrie, Okla.—The graduated land tax bill, which by excessive taxation seeks to prevent the owning of more than 640 acres of land by one person in Oklahoma, was finally passe! and sent to the governor. The income tax bill and the inherent tax bill are io the governor's hands also. cornea - 8 , Catholic Knights Raise Rates. Kansas City, Mo.—The Catholic Knights of America have advanced the insurance rates of the order 25 per cent. The organization is a mem ber of the National Fraternal con gress, and the increase follows ad vice from the congress that_ former rates were not sufficient to handle the expenses for the order. Some parrots talk a great deal, but intelligent people do not go to them for information.—Albert Waterhouse. To Combat Fruit Fly. San Francisco.—George Compere, entomologist, arrived here on the liner China after a tour of India and the Far East in search of the natural enemies of the pests infest he orchards of California. His quest was successful and when he left Western Australia three months ago the parasite that tie found in In dia was reducing the ravages of the fruit to a noticeable degree. Entertained By Japs. Tokio —Rear Admiral Hemphill and the other officers of the visiting American squadron are being shown much attention by the Japanese offi cials. The various functions in their honor approximate in importance a public reception, squadron will remain in Japanese waters until June 3, in order to par ticipate in the memorial day exer cise at Yokohama. The American PUBLIC BUILDINGS APPROPRIATIONS FOR LOUISI ANA AND MISSISSIPPI CAMPAIGN PUBLICITY BILLS Post Offices Near Large Cities No Longer Called Stations. Cur rency Commission is to be Named. Washington.—The has Senate passed the omnibus public buildings bill with several amendments. Among the amendments were three which were inserted at the request of Sen ator Foster, one appropriating 350, 000 for a site and a public building at Franklin, La., and the other appro priating $55,000 for Crowley( and $40,000 for Gulfport. Body Buried 96 Years. The body of George Clinton, twice Vice-President of the United States and first governor of the Eç.pire State, of which he was the executive for 21 years, was exhumed at t'/^#Jd Congregational Cemetery and trans ferred to the United States Naval Hospital, where it now lies, awaiting removal to the old Clinton home at Kingston, N. Y. The body was^ound to be in a most remarkable state of preservation in spite of the fact that it had rested in the leaden coffin for 96 years. The chemicals in the soil had seemingly petrified most of the' upper portions of the body and heafrî, and even the cloth of the coat aid silk of the stockings seemed to be as strong and substantial as when new. Democracy Stands Solid. In a ^.statement Williams said Representative The Democracy is standing solid, with less division than it ever knew inJts ranks, still ten dering the full Democratic vote of the house to any thirty independent Republicans to pass or to consider at any rate, a bill for pre-election publication of campaign contribu tions; a bill to secure the liberty of the citizens by a modification of the powers exercised by inferior federal courts in conection with injunctions, a bill to safeguard the rights aq^l dig nity of the states against the same Sort of attacks ; a bill to put wood pulp and print paper on the free list, 1 and a bill for a model insurance law in the District of Columbia. < « >» of Columbia. I ! B. a & Wood Pulp Matter. The publishers are inclined to make much of the statements of the Inter national Paper Company showing that it is selling approximate!}' 300 tons of paper per day for $1.83 per hundred pounds to the Hearst Pub lishers of New York, Boston and Chi cago, on a ten-year contract begin- 1 ning in 1904, and also of thg state- j ment that within the last week the 1 Philadelphia Press as made a con- • tract for a year at a rate of $2.25 oer hundred pounds. Currency Commission. The appointment of a currency com mission, to be composed of nine ators and nine sen members of the House, is provided for in a bill which Senator Aldrich introduced in the Senate, and if this is passed by Con gress it will comprise all of the finan cial legislation that will be inactei at the present session. This course demonstrated beyond question that there is no hope of getting an agree ment between the Senate and House on an emergency measure. Branch Postoffices. The Postmaster General has issued an order that hereafter postal sta tions for the receipt and dispatch of mails that are located outside of the corporate limits of cities shall be known as branch postoffices, and shall be separately entered in the postal guide in alphabetical order in the list of postoffices. Conference on Meat Inspection. An important conference between officers of t«he Department of Agri culture and meat inspected from all parts of the United States will be held at Chicago this week. The primary object will be to secure, if possible, a more uniform enforcement of the new regulations governing in spection of meat under the law. Postoffice Bill Sent to Conference. The disagreement of the House of Representatives to the ocean mail sub vention to the postoffice bill was laid on the table and a further con ference was ordered, the Senate con ferences being instructed to insist upon the disputed amendments. Ship Subsidy Abandoned. Practically all hope ef a ship svA sidy was abandoned when the House by a vote of 145 to 156, rejected the conference report on the postoffice appropriation bill, containing a pro vision therefor and on which the The bill he all the principal fight was made, was sen«t back to the conference, and there now is little prospect that the House conferees will yield to the Senate. Fairbanks is Coy. Desperate efforts have been made by Secretary Taft's managers to break the ranks of the "allies," and induce Vice President Fairbanks to join the procession with assurances of a back seat on the elephant. Up to the present time these overtures have been resisted by Mr. Fairbanks. He is still disinclined to abandon bis campaign for first place on the pres idential ticket. dell A. to will men the No Friction Over Railroad Suit. The White House has made public an official denial of the etory that serious differences arose between the president and Attorney-General Bon aparte over the question of bringing suit against the New York, New Ha ven & Hartford railroad, the story joing so far as to say that Mr. Bon aparte had threatened to resign. Ship in Distress. A message states that the Greek steamer Cycladus, bound from New Orleans to Genoa, loaded with cot ton and grain, foundered off the Bahama islands on May 13. The cap tain and 15 of the crew reached Nassau in a small boat. A boat with four passengers and six of the crew are still missing. Louisiana Gnards to Participate. It was annouced at the War De partment that the Louisiana Nati Si al Guard was expected to participate at the army maneuvers at Leon Springs, Tex., July 16-25. These ma neuvers will be performed by regular troops and the National Guard of Texas and Louisiana. Four companies are expected from Louisiana. Allowing Castro to Drift Along. Senator Cullom, of Foreign Rela tions Committee made it plain that public sentiment was not such as to warrant the Senate in taking any 3teps against Castro now but that eventually something would have to b* done. The state department will let the matter drift along until next , winter. Rivers and Harbors Convention. President Roosevelt assured a del egation of the National Rivers and Harbors Congress, headed by Rep resentative Ransdell, of Louisiana, that he would do everything in his power to bring about the success of their convention, which is to be held in Washington, Dec. 9, 10 and_ll, of this year. • To Advance Freight Rates. The Interstate Commerce Com mission has not approved any plan of the railroad companies to advance freight rates, and if tue corporations attempt to carry out their announc ed intention in that respect they may find themselves confronted with the penalties of thy Sherman Anti-trust Law. 1 President Signs Bills. President Roosevelt signed the bills providing for the participation of this country in the exposition to be held in Tokio in 1912; the legislative executive and judicial appropriation bills and a bill authorizing the exten sion of the street railways of Wash ington city to the new Union station. Reduce Southern Representation. By a strict party vote of 160 to I 125, a campaign contribution public ! ity bill, with an amendment provid ing for a reduction of representation in the House from the« Southern States, was passed. The Democrats voted against the bill because of the amendment. Begining Forest Conservation. Under suspension of the rules, the House passed a bill appropriating $100,000 to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to co-operate with states and with private owners of wood lands for the admission and conser vation of forests. Adjournment May Be Delayed. It is stated at the Capitol on ap parently good authority that Con gress would not adjourn earlier than Wednesday, May 27, and that there was a possibility of the session being prolonged until June 1. Slow to Act on Measures. Ineffectual efforts were made by Mr. Beveridge to pass the omnibus territories bill and i»y Mr. Newlanis to secure consideration of hi^resolu tion creating an inland waterways commission. Enlarge Homestead Entries. The conference report en the bill enlarging homestead entries in the arid regions from 160 to 320 acres was rejected, thereby finally defeat ing the bill. Visit 'of Fleet is Changed. It was announced at the Navy De partment that the visit of the Pacific fleet's armqred cruisers to Victoria, B. C., has been postponed perhaps in definitely. 1 j ; 1 • May Veto Bill. President may veto the publie buildings bill. He has asked for fi nancial data from Treasury. To Expel Congressman. Movement is on foot to expel Con gressman Lilley. Bill Pigeon-Holed Two Yean. Senator Beveridge gave notice that he will move to discharge the Com mittee on Agriculture from further consideration of his bill requiring packers to put the date of canning on all meat products. The bill has been pending before the Senate committee nearly twe years. Senator Beveridge says that the present system of can ning without the date is a menace to the entire nation. Red River Improvement. Representatives Watkins and Ran* dell called upon General Mackenzie, Chief of Engineers, and requested that the Mississippi River boats, C. A. Culberson and Howell be olde red to Shreveport for the Rei River Con \ention, which will held there June 19th and 20th. General Mackenzie will endeavor to oblige the Congress men if these boats are available at the time they are wanted.