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/ w< 1. ✓S ST'f'A / ♦ PORT GrIBSON, CLAIBORNE CO.; MISS., THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 1910. «EW SERIES—VOL. XXXIV. NO, 46 T K-EMUED FEB. 12,18TB. ESTABLISHED 1 SSO DISCONTINUED 1861. THE AFFAIR AT RODNEY. An Incident of the Civil War En tertainingly Described by an Eye Witness. (Fayette Chronicle.) The following letter, written by Mr. Conklin, of Omaha, referring to an incident of the late war has by Major At the time referred been furnished Broughton, to Mr. Conklin was a youth, living in Rodney; later he enlisted and served two years in the Confeder us ate army: Omaha, Neb., Jan. 8, 1910. Maj. Jno. W. Broughton, Lorman, Miss. I Dear Friend and Comrade :—As mentioned in your last letter you that the Fayette Chronicle would soon publish an account of the capture of a federal naval captain and sailors in the Presbyterian church in Rodney, during the war between the States, I thought as the church that day, I was in and had the experience of hav ing both a federal and confederate officer level their pistols on within two or three minutes time, that perhaps my experience might also be interesting to the readers of the Chronicle. me As a preface, I will say the cap tain of the federal gunboat was a wery sociable man and frequently ashore and talked in a ftiend «came ly way with the citizens, and had attended church a few times pre vious to the day of his capture. The citizens of Rodney did not know of there being any armed Confederate soldiers in that vicini ty at that time; there were though several paroled Confederate sol diers in the town, it being their home, they having been captured and paroled, some at Vicksburg, others at Port Hudson, when those places surrendered to the Fédérais. Well do I remember that excit It was a beautiful, sun The ing day. shiny Sabbath morning, church was crowded so much that benen had to be brought from a the negro gallery and was occupied by sailors who could not find seats The Federal captain was in pews. seated immediately in front of me. The pew he was sitting in was en tirely taken np by himself and sail A Federal officer who had ors. accompanied a lady of the town to church was seated on the opposite side of the church from the cap tain. He was the only one of the party that was armed, he having a navy revolver. Soon after the ser vices commenced, we were startled by noises on the outside of the church, such as running of horses in the street and a rattling noise which we afterwards found out was caused by the Confederate cavalry men's spurs rattling on the brick walk in front of the church. We could not imagine the cause of the noises, but everybody seemed to have a premonition of something dreadful going to happen. Before we had time to take in the situa tion, a Confederate officer ran in the church from the left entrance. He had a revolver in each hand, and with them pointed toward the Fédérais, said, in a loud tone, with an oath, "Surrender, you are my The Federal captain prisoners, quickly arose to a standing posi tion with uplifted hands, facing the Confederate, said, "We sur render, ior God's sake don't fire among the women and children." At that instant the Federal officer from the opposite side of the church fired at the Confederate, who immediately fired at the Fed eral and then such excitement and confusion never witnessed before Women and children or since, were screaming, men, women and children were rushing in every di rection endeavoring to get out of the church, some jumping out of windows, others rushing out of the doors. Back in the choir looked to me to be the safest place, and in my excitement I climbed over the top of the pews to get there, found a few of the citizens of the town in the choir; the only ones I can remember now were James Wilcox. We, could hear the Con federates on the outside of the church shooting and calling on the I sailors to surrender, and occasion ally heard a shot fired from the in side of the church by the Federal officer. Presently he came running down the side of the church and into the corridor and stopped in the door-way leading into the choir and covered me with his pistol. I had met this officer on the street a few days before and had a heated argument with him, and when he pointed his cocked pisfol at me I thought his intention was to kill I threw up both of my hands me. as quickly as possible and said, "For God's sake don't shoot me." He replied, "Then take those men away from here. ''That is not in my power; I have no control over them, left me and I went farther in the church. One of the Confederates ran in the left entrance and leveled his revolver in the direction of the choir, but instead of covering the Federal with it as he expected, it covered me. I thought in his ex citement he would surely shoot me. Instantly up went both of my hands and again I cried out, "For God's sake don't shoot me v " He said, "Where did that Yankee go?" I answered, "I don't know." In my excitement I did not think to tell him that the Federal had gone further in the church. Confederate went outside without searching the church for the Fed eral. We learned afterwards that when the Federal left me he hid under a pew and remained there until the Confederates left and then made his way to the river bank and gave a signal to the gun boat which was anchored in front of the town, and a yawl was sent ashore and he and a sailor who had escaped capture wers taken aboard of the gunboat. After my experience with the Confederate officer I realized that instead of getting, as I supposed, the safest place in the church, I had got into the most dangerous one, and 1 followed the Confeder ate officer out of the church and found most of the people who had been in the church congregated in front of it. Just at that time the squad of Confederates, mounted on their horses, passed in front of the church with the Federal captain and eighteen sailors with them as their prisoners. One of the Con federates, a mere boy as he ap peared to me to be, waved his hat and said, "Three cheers for the Southern Confederacy," and ad dressing the crowd of citizens, said, "You must excuse us for disturbing your church services, but it was too good an opportunity to pick these men up." The Confederates left town and Rodneyites hastened to our homes and hurriedly tied in sheets some provisions and clothing, ready to throw the bundles over shoulders and run from the town the Fédérais burnt it, I answered, He then The in we in case which they usually did when they When fij^ed on from towns. were the Federal officer and sailor who had escaped capture reached the gunboat and informed those on the boat what had occurred, the gun boat raised her anchor and steamed up and down in front of the town, firing broadside after broadside of shells into the town, houses were struck by the cannon balls, one entering the church; fi nally the cannonading ceased. Several After the Confederates left town, they sent a written communication to -the gunboat, stating that the citizens should not be held respon sible for what had occurred, tor the citizens did not know of their being in that vicinity or their in tentions, and if the Federais burnt the town they would hang the pris oners they had captured, communication was given to one of the old men of the town who immediately consulted other citi zens and they decided it would be poor policy to send the communi cation to the Fédérais for they might capture nineteen citizens, bum the town and say to the Con federates, "Now hang our men and will hang these citizens, the communication was destroyed instead of being sent to the com manding officer of the gunboat. Id an hour or two after the can I The I So we nonading stopped it commenced We soon discovered they again. shelling the roads leading in were to the town and were landing a force of sailors who marched up fire to the hotel. town and set Rev. Mr. Price came running down the street; he was bareheaded and in his shirt sleeves, and asked one of the sailors for their command ing-officer; when he was pointed out to him he told him of the com munication the Confederates had sent in and why it had not been delivered, and as they had com menced burning the town he thought it best to inform him of it. The Federal officer said he had or ders to only burn the hotel; that the Confederates' threats would not influence him to put the fire out, but he would call his men off and if the citizens could put the As the fire out they might do so. fire had hardly got started the citi did not find it difficult to stop zens it. The Fédérais returned to the boat and we were told they would not disturb the town any more un til the matter had been reported to the generaPin command at Natch He, I suppose, decided not to takë any action, for we were not molested again. The reason they intended burning the hotel was on account of the sailor who escaped capture having run into the hotel and asked for protection which was refused him. _ ■ # We afterwards heard that when the captured captain was exchanged he was courtmartialed and dis missed from service for endanger ing himself and men to capture. As to the truthfulness of his court martial, etc., I cannot vouch. Sometime in the future 1 will write for publication in Chronicle an account of my cap ture during the war, as you have often requested me to do. Remember me kindly to my Jef ferson county friends, ana with many good wishes for yourself, I ez. the remain, Your iriend and comrade, ELIJAH CONKLIN. WRONG VIEWS OF CENSUS. No Harm Can Come to Any Per* Who Answers the Questions. son Washington, D. C., March 2, 1910. Letters from the census snper to the United States Cen Bureau show the erroneous visors sus apprehension of a considerale ele ment of the population that their answers to the enumerators' ques in the next census, begin- tions ning April 15, this year, will cause increased taxation, legal entangle ments, or injurious consequences to their persons and property. In order to quiet such unfounded fears, which would, unless remov ed, materially affect the accuracy of the census, the bureau has pre pared an official statement relative to the decennial census, its origin, purpose, and uses. This statement should furnish complete assurance to those con cerned that information given the enumerators is held by the Census Bureau in the strictest confidence with reference to the identity of the informants, as required by the policy of the bureau and command ed by the law of the United States. The bureau earnestly hopes that physicians, clergymen, priests, school-teachers, employers, and other public-spirited citizens who come in contact with large'num bers of people, will cooperate with the bureau by telling persons<who are believed to entertain erroneous of the census the real opinions facts, urging them to give full re plies to the enumerators. Teach particularly requested to ers are speak of the census tojtbe school children and ask them to tell their parents about it. The statement issued by the bu reau explains that the Constitution requires a census of the popula-l"that tien to be taken every tenors in order to reapportion state repre sentation in the National House of Representatives. It is the means also to ascertain the increase in the population, agriculture, indus tries, and -resources of the nation since the last census. It is emphatically declared by the statement, that the information sought from the people of the United States is used soley for general statistical purposes, will neither be published nor used in any other way to disclose facts regarding any individual or inter prise. The census, it goes on to say, is not, never has been, and can not be unployed to obtain in formation that can be used in any way m the assessment of property for purposes of taxation or the col lection of taxes, either national, state, or local; or for deportation proceedings, extradition measures, army or navy conscription, intern al revenue investigations, compul sory school attendance, child-labor law prosecutions, quarantine regu lations, or in any way to affect the life, liberty, or property of any person. It points out that replies to the enumerators are and must be held by the Census Bureau in strick and absolute confidence. All the bu reau officials, supervisors' clerks, enumerators, and interpreters, be fore entering upon their duties, are obliged to take a solemn oath not to disclose any information they may obtaiq^ except to the Census Bureau, and a violation of the United States law in regard to this oath means a $i,ooo fine or imprisonment for two years, or both, in the discretion of the court. it Wants information. Hamilton, Ohio, Mch. 4, '10. Editor Reveille: My Dear Sir: —I am seeking in formation concerning some former students of Miami University, Ox ford, Ohio, who were enrolled from Pt. Gibson, and not knowing any of their descendants or friends to apply for in ruination I have de cided to enlist rhe help of a fellow newspaper man in tracing them. I desire to know in particular the dates of their birth and death, their occupation, last place of resi dence and important facts cencern Ing their career, public, military or business. The data is desired for use in the new Alumni and former student Catalogue of Miami Univ sity soon to be published, and as the publication will soon go to press it willbe necessary for me to close up the work of preparing copy within the next few weeks, and therefore I would appreciate hav ing the information concerning the subjects of my inquiry as soon as possible. They are as follows : James N. • "Harding, student i 833 '37 D. D. McClure, 1843-'44. A. Shields, 18433-'44. Assuring you of my appreciation of any help you may render me and thanking you, I remain, Very truly yours, B. S. BARTLOW, Alumni Secretary. Requires .134 Census-Takers. Natchez, Miss.—L. P. Conner, census supervisor for the seventh Congressional District of Mississip pi, to-day stated that his entire of fice force is busily engaged going over the examination of the appli cants for positions as enumerators, who are to be appointed for the enumeration which is to begin Ap ril 10. Out of 400 applicants ninety-six have passed. Of the remainder several failed on techni cal points, and as he will need 124 in the district, he will recommend them for appointment. Of the number that passed twelve are ne groes,but two of them live in white districts and the negro population does not reach the two-fifths neces The sary for their appointment. Bureau at Washington has direct ed Mr. Conner to report his suc cessful applicants by March 15 Saved A Soldier's Life. Facing death from shot and shell in the civil war was -more agreeable to J. A. Stone, of Kemp, Tex., than facing it from what doctors said was consumption. "I contracted a stubborn cold, w he writes, developed a cough, that stuck to me use Dr. King's New Discovery, which* completely cured me. I now weigh 178 pounds." For Coughs, Colds, La Grippe, Asthma, Hemorrhage, Hoarseness, Croup, Whooping Cough and lung trouble, it's supreme. 50c and fi.oo. Trial bottle free. Guaranteed by J. A. Shreve, Druggist. Then I in W. C. T. U. Alcohol is Enemy of Race Says (he Report. Washington, Nov. 7.—Alcohol and alcohelism are two of the real and substantial enemies of moral artistic and commercial progress of the human race, according to the report of the United States dele gates to the twelfth international congress on alcoholism, made pub The lie by the state department, delegates were appointed by Secre tary Knox as one of his first offi cial acts. The eongress was held last July in London, and twenty five governments were represented, the delegates of each concurring in the general finding that alcohol not only was unnecessary to hu man life and comfort, but was in imical to both, Distress Among Mill Employees. Wesson, Miss., March 5.—The mill employees were paid a frac tional week's wages to-day, Those who wanted their full time could not get it, there being only suffic ient money on' hand for to-day's pay, it was stated. The manage ment deducted house rent. Not withstanding the mills were operat ed less than half time prior to closing down, house rent was charged, and many employes were left almost penniless. It now de volves upon the municipality to re lieve those in distress. Millions of Lives Lost An Awful Toll Collected by Consumption, flany Unnecessary Deaths From This Dis ease. If people could only understand that systematic catarrh is an inter nal disease that external applica tions cannot cure, they would not need to be warned so often a bout this malady, which, when neglected, paves the way often times for consumption, at the cost ofmillions of lives every year. Yet catarrh may be cured, if the right treatment is employed. Catarrh is caused by a general diseased state of the system which leads commonly to annoying and perhaps serious local conditions, which may prove a fertile breed ing ground for germs of consump tion. External remedies give but temporary ease. The only way to successfully treat catarrh is by employing a medicine which is absorbed and carried by the blood to all parts of the system, so that mucous mem brane or internal lining of the body is toned up and made capable of resisting the infection of con sumption and other diseases. We have a remedy prepared from thie prescription of a physician who for thirty years studied and made catarrh a specialty, and whose record was a patient restored to health in every case where his treatment was followed as prescrib ed. That remedy is Rexall Mucu We are so positive that it Tone. will completely cure catarrh in all its various forms, whether acute or chronic, that we promise to return every penny paid us for the medi cine in every case where it fails or for any reason does not satisfy the user. We want you to try Rexall Mu cu-Tone on our recommenadtion We are right here and guarantee, where you live, and you.do not obligation or risk contract any when you try Rexall Mucu-Tone We have Rex on our guarantee, all Mucu-Tone in two sizes, 50 Very often the cents and $1.00. taking of one sufficient to make a marked im Of course 50 -cent bottle is A. "I me pression upon the case, in chronic cases a longer treat ment is necessary. The average in such instances is three $1.00 I bottles. Remember you can obtain them only at our store. "The Rexall Store, Pope Drug Co., Main St. »* V 0'A h 1 % \V a k 2 BANK :ount ST m v'.»-'" •As • V ■(;< « » IF as V f Lfi « H 'V i mm-** V' , V; . J*. IN fk r r. & m* P-ôtfpÈg Copyright 1909, by C, E. Zimmerman Co.— No. 60 I N time of distress, no matter the cause a bank account will render its aid,and it is at such times that those without one regret their folly for not sooner heeding the adjunction to have one. Start a bank account today. (Mississippi Southern Bank port 6ibson, (Miss. Capital and Surplus, - ■ $ 100 , 000.00 Plumbing in all its branches well and cheaply done, and Tin-Work of all kinds done in the most approved manner. Fitting Up My shop is being well fitted up for the business, ► and I want your work. MYLES SMITH. art dibtm P0RT|GLSSQN,|MISS. $50,000 $30,000 Sq*plqs BqrqljiHg iij qll i\s bi^Tjcljes Ä.C c otj ij t G. W. WHEELESS, President ' W. C. GUTHRIE, Vice President B. H. MAGRUDER, Cashier R. G. HASTINGS, Ass't Cashier'; sj\ FORBES I" This name, when it appears on the fall-board of a pi absolute guarantee to the purchaser. When ano, is an the name FORBES appears in a contract or guarantee covering the purchase of a piano, it means that the cus tomer has received full value for every dollar invested and absolute protection in every way in case of any posaible dissatisfaction. More pianos are sold by the housë of Forbes than any other music house in the South, "2 '|ï »3» E. E. Forbes Piano Co., C. J. ROBERTS, flinager, Jackson» Miss, E. Capitol St.