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The Port Gibson reveille. [volume] (Port Gibson, Miss.) 1890-current, August 18, 1910, Image 4

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86090233/1910-08-18/ed-1/seq-4/

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AUTOMOBILE RACER TURNS TO AEROPLANES
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Worn stereograph, copyright, by Underwood Jt Underwood. N. T.
has now
New York.—Lewis Strang, who has won fame as an automobile racer in America and Europe,
turned bis attention to the aviation game, and there is no doubt that he will make a new name for himself as
an aeroplanist Strang has imported a Blériot monoplane and is practising with it assiduously. He is noted
for his fearlessness and nerve, but he is wise enough to learn thoroughly th® new vehicle before attempting to
make any extended flights.
COST OF MARRIAGES
#>
Some People Try to See How
Much Can Be Spent.
Amusing Story of Clergyman In «Lon
don Who Was Out for All the Cash
He Could Get—Some of Acces
sories He Would Furnish.
London.—Some of the fashionable
weddings that have taken place lately
would seem to indicate that the people
concerned were anxious to see how
much money could be spent on the af
fair. In England the ceremony is much
more complicated. The most usual
form of marriage is by "banns." Notice
is given to the clergyman of the
church where the young couple desire
to get married, the announcement is
given out three Sundays running be
fore the wedding day, and for this the
bridegroom pays the clerk 60 cents. If
neither of the parties live in this par
ish, one or other of them must do so
for three weeks before the ceremony
takes place, but this condition is often
filled by the bridegroom taking a room
and putting a stick or bag in it for the
required time.
Of course, you have to pay the cler
gyman something for performing the
ceremony for you, and the legal fee is
$1.25, with 50 cents to the clerk, and a
further 50 cents for a copy of the cer
tificate of marriage, but each clergy
man asks what he chooses, and some
of them place their services rather
high.
Recently a young couple who live in
the suburbs decided to get married at
one of the churches in the Strand, in
London, as this was a convenient cen
ter for all their friends, and also near
Charing Cross station, from which they
starting for Paris immediately
It was to be a
were
after the ceremony,
quiet affair, no bridesmaids, no bou
quets, no carriages, no red carpet, etc.
So one fine morning the brides's father
started off to find the incumbent of
of these London churches, an in
one
dividual with a double-barreled name
and, incidentally, a double-barreled lo
quacity as well. After a great effort
the father got him to talk about the
wedding, and finally inquired the fee.
said his
»»
The fee would be $25,
And, of course, you would
reverence,
like some music? We supply that and
it would be $5." The father was about
to say
broke in again:
"And you would like some .red carpet
put down, I suppose? We supply that
for $5.
something, when the padre

"Oh," began the man out of whose
pocket the money was to come for all
this, when—•"
"And if it's a wet day, you would re
quire an awning," continued the clergy
We supply the awning and the
fee would be $5.
"Yes," gasped the father, casting
about in his mind for a way of escape,
when the other went on:
man.
'And, of course, you would have
flowers. My daughter always
sure she
some
does the flowers, and I'm
would be delighted to do them for
Before the astonished father
> ;
you.
could reply, the clergyman rang the
bell and requested the servant who
answered it to ask
Miss Louie" to
Miss Louie" duly arrived.
step ln.'
and expressed herself enchanted at the
MANY VARIETIES OF PEAS.
English Firm Shows Many Kind® of
Vegetables—Small Proportion of
Commercial Value.
London.—The average man, who en
joys a dish of green peas and knows
the delicacy merely as "peas," will be
astonished to hear that at the Royal
Horticultural society's show at Holland
well known firm alone
park one WiMWWWWWWHBIBBpi
showed 60 varieties of the vegetable.
Though the ordinary consumer does
not know it, each variety possesses a
different quality and taste, which the
expert can detect.
A representative of one of the big
gest firms of seed merchants in Lon
don said that the different varieties of
almost exclusively
peas were grown
for show purposes.
"For commercial purposes," he said,
"only the dwarf varieties are grown.
The expense of 'sticking' the taller
would run away with the grow
ppas
«ris profit.
finer varieties of peas are
#>
prospect of doing the flqwers for the
wedding.
"And what do you think it would
cost, dear?" asked her father. "Do you
suppose you could do It for $25?"
As this last straw was laid on the
poor victim's back, he roused himself
and managed to stammer that he must
consult his daughter before making the
final arrangements, and made for the
door, trussing to escape. But the Cler
gyman had reserved a parting shot.
Taking up a small paper-covered book
from the table, he said:
"This is a small book on the history
of the church. I am sure your daugh
ter will like to read all about It, as she
is thinking of being married there."
"Thank you; I'll give It to her," said
the innocent man.
"That'll be 25 cents," said his rev
erence, and the unfortunate father
placed the money on the table and fled
for his life. Needless to say the mar
riage did not take place at his church.
FISHH00KS BAD FOR FOWLS
Pennsylvania Chicken Fancier Be
lieves Old Saying Is in Need
of Revision.
Lewiston, Pa.—John B. Clemmens, a
Pennsylvania railroad signalman at
Newton Hamilton, is of the opinion
that the old saying, "Never count your
GROUCH GERM IS DISCOVERED
a
New Form of Bacillus Particularly Ac
tive In Hot Weather Found In
Kansas City.
Kansas City, Mo .—A new germ, as
yet unnamed, has just been discovered
in Kansas City. It is a hot weather
bacillus and affects young and old
alike, being particularly noxious in
adults, it is said, and producing a
chronic case of what ordinarily is
called the "grouch."
The discoverers of this germ are
Dr. E. L. Mathis, chief probation offi
cer, and his assistants, who constant
ly are making a study of human na
ture and, by the way, this particular
bug is one which attacks human na
ture only.
"It is a hot weather bug," said Doc
tor Mathias, "and can produce the
worst case of grouch in a short time
that you ever saw.
"Just now we juvenile officers have
little to do so far as the juvenile
court is concerned, but we are kept
busy as bees looking after what we
call hot weather business.
Somehow or other, this hot weath
er seems to 'peeve' everybody,
takes the form of grouch in adults and
the form of what the grown-ups are
pleased to call 'devilment' in children.
"A man lies down to take a nap of
a hot afternoon. He is Just tuckered
out by the heat, he says, and a nap
will straighten him out Just as he
gets comfortably settled, boys or girls
in the neighborhood begin to romp,
and, of course, they call back and
forth, and *the would-be napper is an
I
It
noyed.
"Then the irate adult goes outdoors.
He is hard hit by the weather bug.
He loses his temper and gives the
children a calling down. The bug, in
to
grown for culinary purposes only by
expert gardeners in private gardens.
They are much finer In taste than the
ordinary pea, but they have no com
mercial value, because the average pur
chaser will neither pay extra, nor, in
deed, ask for a particular kind.
At the moment, as a horticulturist,
I should recommend the Battleship
pea as the best, but the grower for the
market is producing quite a different
variety. He is growing a dwarf pea
of 2 feet 6 inches or S feet at the most
in height.
The manager of a popular restaur
ant, who was also consulted on the
subject, said that the best quality of
peas could be supplied to the average
diner "if he would order or demand
them.
said, "does not realize that vegetables,
like wines or cigars, vary in quality.
He orders peas without any specifica
tion."
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The ordinary diner out," he
Good \thoughts and good deeds are
twin virtues.—Henry Lee.
chickens until they are hatched," could
be well amended to read "Never count
your chickens." Clemmens is a chick
en fancier and had a flock of half
grown games of which he was espe
cially proud.
The other day his two sons returned
from a fishing trip and threw a num
ber of large eel hooks, baited with
pieces of veal, on the bank at the boat
landirife.
An hour later there was a great com
motion among the flock of games and
an investigation show T ed that each had
swallowed a chunk of veal and an eel
hook with it. Clemmens killed six of
the chickens in removing the hooks.
Girl's Kiss Holds Liner.
New York.—Miss Agnes Quirk's de
sire to kiss a friend goodby "for luck"
forced Capt. Warr of the liner Cam
pania to hold the ship at the dock
scheduled sailing time. Miss
over
Quirk was one of five Brooklyn teach
who won a trip abroad in a popu
She forgot the final
ers
larity contest,
kiss till the shore crew tried to hustle
her aboard. But their efforts were of
no avail. Not until Miss Quirk had
implanted a protracted and resound
ing smack on the cheek of a man
friend.
Mouse In Hat in Church.
Berlin.—Commotion was caused in
church at Dornbirn, Bavaria, by a
lady who felt something moving In
her hat, and found a mouse hidden be
neath her artificial flowers.
a
turn, attacks the juveniles, and they
answer back and make life miserable
for the complaining one,
About that time we get a call con
cerning a big disturbance. Some of
the men go out, learn it is the same
old story, and it is up to them to ex
plain to the adult that children must
play and that they can't be expected
to conduct their game after the fash
ion of a Friends' meeting. They also
lecture the children and take steps to
restore the equilibrium of the neigh
borhood which is ravaged by the sum
mer bug."
The juvenile <ÿficers have not gone
into the investigation of the bug in
scientific fashion, and as yet have
worked out no cure.
I
TRAP 200 CATS IN A MARKET
Vicious Animals Fight Captors, But
Are Put Into Baskets for An
nihilation.
New York. — Yowling, spitting,
scratching and biting,, 200 cats were
cornered, one by one, the other night
in the old Washington market and
dumped into baskets, to be disposed
of by the Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals.
Agents of the society, policemen,
watchmen, butchers, fishmongers,
green grocers and all the little world
of the market joined in a midnight
hunt that, for activity and noise, out
did anything ever chionicled from
Africa.
For years the cats, at first encour
aged to keep down the rats, had run
wild and increased in garrets and sub
cellars until they became an intolera
ble pest. The market is now in proc
ess of renovation.
ARGUMENT ON RACE SUICIDE
Doctor Declares Statistics. Prove First*
Born Children Not Equals of
Later Ones.
London.—One of the new features at
the seventy-eighth annual meeting of
the British Medical association, held at
London, is a section on medical sociol
ogy, dealing particularly with the so
cial aspects of the failing birth-rate.
That the elder-born children of a
family are more liable to suffer from
disease than the younger ones is a point
Dr. J. W. Hunter has placed before the
section. Of children of the working
classes Doctor Hunter has found this
holds good up to and including the
seventh born child. With the eighth
born, however, a sharp increase in the
liability to physical defects has been
noted, which steadily increases with
still later members of the family. As
a result of his studies Doctor Hunter
believes that the limitation of the fam
ily to two or three children means the.
annihilation of the race.
Duke of Connaught Likely to Be
Governor General.
Popular Brother of the Late King
Edward Is Reported to Be Slated
for Head of the Dominion
Government.
Ottawa, Can.—If the present pro
gram Is adhered to the next gov
ernor general of Canada will be
the Duke of Connaught, brother of the
late King Edward. Such was the de
sire of the deceased monarch, and the
probabilities are that the new King
will not oppose the program. Can
ada appreciates the distinguished hon
or of having at the head of her gov
ernment as the representative of the
mother country so eminent a member
of the royal family. Never before has
one of the royal family occupied auch
a position, though Queen Victoria's
daughter, a sister of the duke, was
for years a resident of the Domjpion
when her husband, the Marquis .of
Lome, now the Duke of Argyle, was
governor .general. At the same time
the Canadians appreciate that society
affairs at Rideau Hall, or Government
House as it is sometimes called, the
official residence of his excellency at
Ottawa, will be upon a much grander
scale than in the past, and that it will
•cost a pretty penny for those who try
to be in the swim. Ottawa, more than
ever, will become the social center.
The Duke of Connaught is the only
surviving son of Queen Victoria and is
60 years old. Her majesty had nine
children, of whom the eldest .was
Princess Victoria, mother of Emperor
William; she died in 1901. The sec
ond child was the late King Edward.
The Princess Alice Maud Mary, moth
er of the present Czarina of Russia,
died in 1876. Alfred, Duke of Edin
burg, died in 1900. Leopold, Duke of
Albany, died In 1884. Beside the Duke
of Connaught there survive Helena,
Princess Christian of Schleswig-Hol
stein; Louise, Duchess of Argyle, and
Beatrice, now Princess Henry of Bat
tenberg.
The Duke of Connaught married
Princess Louise of Prussia in 1879,
and has three children. His eldest
daughter is Margaret, wife of Gus
tavus Adolphus of Sweden. His son is
Prince Arthur Patrick, and his young
er daughter is the beautiful and de
cidedly independent Princess Victoria
Patricia.
No princess in Europe has given
such evidence of havtng a will of her
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own as has the Princess Patricia.
Over and over again has a husband
been selected for her by those wise In
statecraft, but she has bundled these
suitors off with slight ceremony and
has repeatedly dec'ared that she will
have a husband of her own choosing
or none at all. She is the most popu
lar princess in England and was a
favorite of her uncle, King Edward.
Her name, which is a compliment to
Ireland, alone makes her popular with
the people of that part of the empire.
The British government has a pur
pose in sending to Canada a prince of
the royal blood. It is believed a gov
ernor general so close to the throne
would tend to forward the empire
movement and bring the Dominion In
closer sympathy to the mother coun
try. The governor general as a mat
ter of fact has very little to do with
the government of Canada. He has
the power of veto but never exercises
that right. Did he do so there would
be as great a commotion as would oc
cur if the King in England should set
himself actively in opposition to the
elected government. But nevertheless
he has a tremendous influence, though
it is operative only through social and
diplomatic channels. His salary is
$50,000 a year with an executive resi
dence. Those governors general who
have been most popular and influential
have been those who have really come
to lebve the Doimnion and its people
for themselves and have developed a
deep interest in their welfare. Wheth
er the duke and his family can forget
the life in England to which he has
been accustomed remains to be seen.
Caterpillars Ravage Trees.
Washington.—Shade trees of Wash
ington, famed for their number and
beauty, are undergoing an attack from
a horde of caterpillars. The trees are
being stripped of their foliage rapidly.
So numerous are the pests that they
have baffled the caretakers' efforts to
cope with them,
have joined in the attempt to repel
the i ivauers, but it seems that there
ia little chance to prevail against
them, gome fear for the lives of thé
trees is expressed.
Property owners
(ONES MODEL IS COMPLETED.
Sculptor Finishes His Work on the
Heroic Statue of the Great
Naval Commander.
New York,
the New York sculptor, has fin
ished his working model for his heroic
bronze statue of John «Paul Jones, for
which Congress appropriated $50,000,
and which will be unveiled next
spring at the entrance to Potomac
Charles H. Nlehaus,
'•Avar.
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Statue of PapI Jones.
Park, in front of Seventeenth street,
northwest, Washington, D. C.
Nlehaus has been working on the
statue about two years. In depicting
the features of the Revolutionary hero
the sculptor has used the terra-cotta
bust by Houdon, now in the posses
sion of the National Academy of De
sign, as a model. The commander of
the Bonhomme Richard is represented
as watching a naval engagement, his
right hand clenched and his left hand
holding his sword.
Commenting on his work, Mr. Nie
haus said he had tried to depict a man
who is ; capable of doing almost any
thing and not simply a man who can
do only one thing.
"If you look at the celebrated Greek
statue of the Farnese Hercules in the
Museo Nazionàle in Naples," he said,
"you will se a very simple figure lean
ing on a club, but you will be im
pressed with the idea that this Her
cules could do anything. I have tried
to suggest this in my statue of John
Paul Jones.
"It is Interesting now to recall that
for years efforts were made to con
firm the historical statements that the
remains of John Paul Jones were in
terred in a certain piece of ground In
Paris. These efforts resulted in docu
mentary proof that he was burled on
the evening of July 20, 1792, in th®
now abandoned cemetery of SL Louis
in the northeastern section of Paris.
The body was found encased in a lead
en coffin and was transported from
Paris to the United States Naval
Academy and deposited in the now
historic brick vault there.

TRUCK FARMS IN ALASKA.
Some Far North Riches for Patient
Cultivators—Prices of Produce
Very High.
Washington.—"How would you like
to be a truck farmer in Alaska?"
This is a hypothetical question
asked by the Unitetd States Depart
ment of Agriculture. In an official
report from the department Ae ques
tion and the answer are included. The
report says: „
Would you care to run a truck farm
with strawberries selling at $1.25 to
$2 a quart, cucumbers $2 to $5 a
dozen, celery 50 cents each, tomatoes
50 cents to $1 a pound and other prod
ucts at proportionate prices? Or
would you prefer general farming,
with a few pigs and chickens as a side
line, with hay selling at $60 to $100
a ton, hogs 30 cents a pound, young
pigs 75 cents a pound and eggs $2 a
dozen?
These prices are received In Alas
ka under favorable market conditions,
but the prospective settler should con
sider the difficulties and expense of
farming as well as the high price® of
his products.
Alaska is not generally given much
consideration from an agricultural
standpoint, and yet, despite the rigor
ous climate, a large variety of grains,
small fruits and vegetables are being
successfully grown. Experiments are
being made with tree fruits, but the
results thus far have not been very
encouraging. The work conducted by
the government with grains at the
Rampart experiment station has been
an unqualified success. Varieties of
nearly all grains have been found that
\row well.
Old Women Have Forty Cats.
London.—Some 40 cats were found
by- a relieving officer running about
the home of two old women at Gort
more, Tyrone. Six were sitting on a
stove beside a goat, while numbers
were lying dead or dying in a field
near by.
Ice Conditions Are Bad.
Seattle, Wash.—The steamer Mack
inaw, with $200,000 in gold bullion
picked up at Kotzebue sound ports,
has arrived from Nome. Officers of
the Mackinaw report the worst Joe
conditions in Bering strait ht 11
years.
Bungling Diplomats Cause Trouble
knew that the note In question was
sent It was a regular routine matter
In the German foreign office and fol
lowed the stereotyped form.
Nations are excessively polite to
another in their Interchange of
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communications. Every letter that
goes out from the state department to
a foreign government has this cere
monial finish:
"Accept, excellency, the renewed as
surance of my highest consideration."
The cermonail letters of all coun
the
W ASHINGTON.—Ignorance on
part of amateur diplomats con
cerning the proper form of diplomatic
correspondence nearly precipitated a
war scare in two nations .not long
since. It was announced that the em
tries begin In about the same way.
For instance, all of England's com
munications begin:
"George V., by the Grace of God, of
the. United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland, king, defender of the
faith, emperor of India, etc."
"Nicholas, by the Grace of God, em
peror autocrat of all the Russias, czar
of Casan, czar of Astracan, etc., lord
of Plescott and grand duke of Smo
lensk!, etc."
Germany's letters are very much
like those of Russia, in that they be
gin by announcing all the titles of the
ruling potentate. "William II., by
God's grace, emperor of Germany and
king of Prussia," etc., is the way the
present emperor addresses his cere
The emperor writes
with a quill pen, and If one may judge
by his signature on file In the state
department, does not take much time
about it.
peror of Germany had deliberately
affronted the United States govern
mjent by employing affectionate terms
In addressing President Madriz of
Nicaragua, whom our government had
refused to recognize.
"Great and Good Friend," is the
way the kaiser's letter to Madriz was
commenced. This had sinister sig
nificance to the amateurs. Immedi
ately the newspapers were filled with
stories that Germany had espoused the
cause of Madriz; that the Monroe
doctrine had been thrown down and
repudiated by the warlike kaiser;;
also the emperor had been acting
queerly of late and undoubtedly was
bent on making all the trouble he
could for the United States. After a
little inquiry the war scare faded
away.
monial letters.
"In all probability," said a state de
partment official, "the emperor never
Bad Land Title Tangle. Is Revealed
Washington, in the early days, by a
very simple process. The territory
"not exceeding" ten miles square was
ceded to the United States govern
f livOHDFR
\ WHETHER
I own this
- os
whether
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ment by Maryland and Virginia and »
placed under the authority of three
commissioners, appointed by the presi
dent They or any two of them were
required, under the direction of the
president, to survey and by proper
metes and bounds define and limit a
district of territory, and the territory
so defined was established as a perma- •
nent seat of the government of the
United States. Power was given the
commissioners to purchase or accept
land on the eastern side of the Poto
mac, for the use of the United States,
and the commissioners were further
required to provide suitable buildings
for the accommodation of congress,
the president and public officers of the
government of the United States.
to raise money to erect the pub
4
A REPORT made to congress by a
commission appointed to examine
land titles in the District of Columbia
discloses that many lots of land occu
pied by modern business houses and
residences in the national capital are
still owned by the government, not
withstanding the present tenants be
lieve they have a clear title to the
property.
This question of land titles in • the
national capital is not a new one. Two
years ago congress created a commis
sion to study it. The commission con
sisted of the attorney general, the sec
retary of war, Senator Scott of West
Virginia, Representative Bartholdt of
Missouri, and one of the district com
missioners. The report reveals a hor
rible land tangle, which the courts will
probably never be able to straighten
out. The tangle is the outcome of the
wild speculation in real estate that
took place for a good many years after
the capital was laid out.
Private lands were acquired in
It
was
lie buildings that 'the government
planned to sell its land to private par
ties.
No sooner had the capital city been
laid out than land speculators ap
peared on the scene, and as a result of
their operations, it is asserted, much
land which belonged to the govern
ment illegally passed to individual
owners.
Now Planning a Substitute for Beef
matter of course, and State Gama
Warden Nowlin of Wyoming, who has
led the feeding experiments, says that
the last of the great elk herds is be
coming rapidly domesticated. Several
ranchmen in the Rocky mountain coun
try have conducted private elk pre
serves for years. Outside of the pri
vate elk preserves there are few herds
left in the west.
Barret Littlefield, who lives near
Slater, has severaf'hundred elk on his
great ranch. Every season he ships
many carcasses of elk to the Denver
market, besides supplying zoological
gardens throughout the country. He
has found it profitable to raise elk for
the market—so profitable that he
abandoned the cattle business years
ago and has devoted himself entirely
to the raising of venison. There are
two other elk preserves in northwest
ern Colorado. J. B. Dawson, a Routt
county pioneer, has several hundred
head of elk on his ranch near Hayden.
The Glen Beulah deer preserve is an
estate of about 3,000 acres near De
beque, Col., and here one finds sev
eral hundred deer and elk roaming
about. Henry Binning, of Cora, Wyo.,
has a large herd of elk under enclos
ure, and in a report if the government
he shows how easily elk yield to cap
tivity when he states that the en
closure in which he keeps the animals
is less than four feet high.
In nearly every state in the Union
the killing of deer is forbidden ex
cepting in the fall and during a lim
ited period. If deer and elk are to be
raised for the market the venison
farmer must be allowed to kill for the
market, whenever the demand is there.
/DURN THAT
RESTRICTIVE
LAWS
«=. To
market
f\EER|,and elk preserves may play an
U important part in reducing the
high cost of beef. According to gov
ernment experts who have made an
investigation of the cost and methods
of raising venison, declare that the
game laws of the various states are
preventing deer and eljs farming and
denying the country one of its chief
sources of cheap and good meat. Deer
and elk can be raised readily in near
ly every state in the Union. They are
easily controlled and cheaply fed.
The Increase of elk under domestica
tion is fully equal to that of cattle.
They are hardier and more able to
stand exposure and the elk hide Is
more valuable than that of the steer.
The Virginia or whitetail deer, com
mon
States, is not so hardy as the elk, but
with proper care can be raised with
profit.
The state and the government,
through its Yellowstone park officials,
have co-operated
ranchmen in caring for the vast herds
of elk in ther Jackson's Hole region in
Wyoming. It is estimated that there
are 30,000 elk in the Yellowstone park
region, constituting the only great
For two or three winters
these elk have been fed, and have now
to look upon the feeding as a
in most parts of the United
with individual
herd left.
come
Government's Census of Indian Wards
and the Indians are gradually learn
ing to live by th® sweat of the brow
upon the product of their own self
respecting handiwork, rather than up
on the bounty of the government.
The Apache Indians employed on
the Roosevelt reclamation project un
der the act of June 17, 1902, earned
$34,000 in 1909, and rendered eminent
ly satisfactory service in regions
where, on account of the heat, a white
man could not have labored. Sheep
herding has ' given profitable employ
ment to many hundreds of Navajos
and Pueblos in the past year, and
Pima and Papago Indians, employed
as navvies on the Southern Pacific
railway, earned many thousands of
dollars. The Sioux farmers have done
well, though they are deficient in the
quality of persistent patience that
makes the most successful sort of ag
ricultural laborer.
Th^ Indians' worst foe at present,
aside from whisky, is tuberculosis.
The investigation by the Smithsonian
institution in 1909 showed that about
one in four of som® 1,500 Indians ex
amined were suffering from what has
hitherto been known as "the white
plague." Sanatorium camps have novr
been established and the government
Is exercising special car® over its
wards.
Ï
' £
I N the present census the govern
ment has made a great effort to ob
tain, through special agents, full and
authentic data concerning the tribal
relations of the Indians, as a decade
__ W fcen the fourteenth census will
taken, it probably will be found
that those Indians who aie now de
pendent wards of the nation have be
fuli-fledged citizens.
hence
he
come
The Indian population of the United
decreased in the decade from
States
1890 to 1900, from 273,607 to 266,760.
In 1880 the care of the Indians cost
the national government $«,206,109;
1909 the cost had riaen to $15,
724 , 162 , more than three times as
much. The total attendance of In
dian children in schools conducted by
the government or by missionary en
In these schools
in
terprise is 25,777.
effort is spared' to teach the child
industry by which he may sup
no
net®
port himself when he comes of age,
i.'f

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