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The Port Gibson reveille. [volume] (Port Gibson, Miss.) 1890-current, August 18, 1910, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86090233/1910-08-18/ed-1/seq-5/

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Dairy Expert Iowa State Dairy Association
Weigh and Test the Milk
In the foregoing articles the writer
has discussed the feeding, breeding
and testing of the dairy. When a
herd of cows Is given the proper care
and feed during a year's time, each
cow in the herd has had an oppor
tunity to produce largely and profit
ably. As a matter of fact, however.
there are few herds in the United/)
States today every individual of which
is a profit-producing animal and as
has before been stated the only meth
od of determining which of the ani
mals it is that is lacking in butter
making ability is to weigh and test
the milk continuously through the
year. This having been done, it is
only a course of time until the dairy
farmer is well acquainted with each
individual cow and it is time now for
him to be disposing of the inferior
cows and taking better care of the
good cows and replacing the
cows with those that have
Only Pure-Bred Sires Should Be Used.
As has been pointed out before, the
calf may have a good sire and a good
mother but still, owing to the fact that
some place back in his pedigree three
to five generations there may be a
very poor individual whose character
istics he is almost as liable to repro
duce as he is those characteristics of

Making Silage.
nis sire and dam, It Is always better
to fit grade male calves for veal and
sell them to the butcher as 60 on as
possible. Furthermore, as a rule the
greatest profit to be gained from
calves of such breeding Is at this
time. There are many systems of
feeding calves for veal which will re
sult in a profit
largest price the calves should be fat
and in good condition,
grade of veal is produced from the
feeding of whole milk nursed direct
from the cow, but because the calf
should be four weeks old before being
vealed, it is rather an expensive
process to permit it to nurse for four
weeks' time. It is possible to feed
them other foods rather than whole
milk but to the experienced buyer of
veal, unless care is taken in the feed
ing, the coarser feed will be detected.
The feeder should watch the calf and
sell it as scon as the white of the eye
begins to take on a yellow tint The
color of the white of the eye is indi
cative of the character of the veal.
Making Veal.
In Scotland and Holland where the
making of veal is carried cn for profit
largely, they have systems of feeding
characteristic of the cows. In Scot
land the younger calves are permitted
to nurse the first milk from the cow,
taking as much as they care for; the
older calves are given that which re
mains—the last milk or t£e milk
To demand the
The best
Yearling Holstein Heifers, Well Bred, Well Fed and Well Raised.
which Is always the richest. In Hol
land the calres as soon as born are
placed In very narrow stalls where
they cannot .turn »around although
they can lie and stand comfortably.
Three times a day the calves are given
all the milk they can drink. During
the period of eight to ten weeks of
fattening, these calves drink on an
average of about thirty-four pounds
of milk a day, but where fed so large
ly it is necessary to give them finely
ground shells and sand to prevent
scours. In both of these countries the
calves are kept In a warm, dry barn
In stalls that are well bedded and kept
dark. 1^ is believed that in feeding
for veal calves will do better and
produce a better quality of veal where
they are confined in darkened quar
ters rather than permitting them to
be fed in alight place. In this coun
try, however, it is doubtful if the
time has been reached when the
butcher will appreciate the difference
between extra good veal and veal of a
medium class to such a great extent
that he will pay the difference in
price, and It is doubtful if the Amer
ican feeder can afford to feed calves
in this manner.
Feeding Calves,
must be used In feeding
the calves that are to become the fu
ture producing herd. Many great mis
takes are made from the time the calf
More care
( 4 1
is born until cowhood and these mis
takes undoubtedly account largely for
the fact that we have as many poor
cows as we do. It matters little how
well bred a calf Is at time of birth, un
less it is raised and cared for prop
erly it will very likely be a disappoint
ment when the time comes that it
When the
heifér calf that is to be saved is
born, it should remain the first two
or three days with its mother or un
til such time as the inflammation has
left the uddor of the dam. This is
for two reasons: In the first place,
the calf is not exceedingly strong and
it would gain strength much more
quickly where It is allowed to remain
with the mother and under her care
than where it is subjected to the care
of the feeder at once and taught to
drink milk fraas a pail. In the second
place, common dairy cows usually
have a considerable amount of inflam
mation in the udder at freshening
time and there is no way in which
this inflammation may be relieved so
quickly or efficiently as by the process
of nursing which the calf only knows.
When the youngster is taken from
its mother it will not drink milk for
the first 12 or 15 hours as a rule, and
it is better to allow it to become
should produce largely.
hungry and to an extent drink of Its
own free will rather than to try to
force It to learn to drink when it Is
not hungry. Oftentimes one becomes
fearful that the calf will die because
it will not take nourishment from the
pail, hut this is 'useless. Calves at
this age can get along well without
milk for 24 hours and by that time
they are always willing to take milk
from the pail with a little coaxing.
For the first two weeks especially of
the calf's life It should receive warm,
new milk from Its mother as soon as
drawn. It should always be borne in
mind that young calves should never
receive cold milk and if for some
cause or other the milk becomes cold
it should be heated up to a tempera
ture of 90 degrees before being fed.
Much of the calf colic and scours,
from the efTects of which many calves
die, is caused by feeding milk tnat Is
Warm Milk Essential.
During the first two weeks there
should be nothing added but the milk
given warm direct from the mother.
During this time care should be taken
not to overfeed the calf. A good rule
to follow is to feed five pounds of
the warm milk night and morning If
the ccw Is being milked only twice a
day, but this is not the best plan be
cause when the calf is permitted to
remain with the mother it will be no
ticed that it takes nourishment very
often and many times during the day.
In this way It receives only a small
amount at a time and the liability of
sickening is much less. Calves will
do much better where they are fed
at least three times a day, of course,
in order to do this the cow must be
milked that many times. In dairy dis
tricts dairy cows have been bred up
to the point where it is absolutely
necessary to milk them when fresh
three times a day because of the large
amount of milk which they produce.
Feeding of Skim Milk.
In this way by the time the calf is
40 days old he Is taking all skimmed
milk and his ration is very inexpens
ive. At the time when the skimmed
milk begins to be added to the ra
tion, calf scours and colic are very
liable to occur.
danger it is advisable to feed blood
flour with the milk. There are two
advantages in feeding this flour. The
first which has been suggested is to
eliminate the danger of scours and it
is doubtful whether or not there is
anything that is mor^ efficient for this
pUsjifose. in the second place, the
blood flour adds a great deal of pro
tein and hone phosphate which is util
ized for thé purpose of growing bone
and muscle and giving size to the calf.
To keep the youngster in good condi
tion a gruel made of oil meal or flax
To eliminate this
seed cooked with hot water and fed
in small amounts with the milk is
valuable in that it contains a great
deal of fat to replace tha'. which has
been removed by the separator. When
the calf is between four and six weeks
o'.d it will begin to take feed of a
solid nature, the first evidences of
which will be that the calf will nibble
at clover hay If the opportunity is af
forded. At this time such feeds should
be supplied.
Never Overfeed the Calf.
When the calf has reached^ the age
of two months the milk ration can be
slightly increased. Up to this time It
should never exceed ten or twelve
pounds daily. Mistakes are more öfter,
made in feeding the calf too much
lit than In feeding It not enough.
Any changes that are made should be
gradual. Radical changes always re
sult in throwing 'the calf off feed by
sickening it either with scours, calf
colic or some other of the diseases to
which young calves are susceptible.
The milk should never be increased
more than by a pound a day and it
should be borne in mind that the calf
should never receive more than twen
ty pounds of milk in a day at any age.
Too many feeders believe that the
quality that is lost by removing the
fat can be replaced by greatening the
quantity. This is a mistake for even
though the calf had the power of
drinking 100 pounds of skimmed milk
it would not receive as much fat as it
would from one pound of whole rich
Summing up, then, the proper way
to raise the calves is to feed them
from ten to not exceeding twenty
pounds of milk daily and replace the
nutrients which have been removed
by the separator with a grain ration
which Is palatable and acceptable to
the calf, and then allow the youngster
to derive the remainder of nutrients
from alfalfa or clover hay.
Keep Calves In Good Quarters.
The management of the calf has as
much to do with its welfare as does
the feeding,
dairy districts are born in the fall be
cause the cows can be milked and the
calves raised during the winter
months when the farmer has more
times and also because he Realizes
that the cow which freshens in the
fall will produce 20 per cent, more
milk and butter-fat than the cow
which freshens In the spring. Owing
to tnis the calf Is kept in the barn
during the first six months of his life.
It should be kept in a stall which is
roomy, dry, well-bedded, well-ventl
lated, with plenty of light. Under
these conditions, he receives sufficient
exercise and keeps In a healthy,
thrifty condition so as'to grow well.
On the other hand, if the calf is kept
In a stall that is dark or damp or ill
ventilated, he is very liable to be
come affected with one of the two
dozen ills to which the calf is sus
ceptible and will die. On bright days
after the calf has reached the age of
four weeks he should be turned out
to play even though the weather Is
cold, because the exercise and the
fresh air and sunshine he receives is
greatly beneficial to him. An hour
of such treatment dàily is excellent,
but the calf should not be allowed to
remain out long enough to become
cold and chilled, for herein again lies
another danger. After the winter has
passed and springtime comes the calf
will give little more trouble, for it has
reached the size and age when it can
get a large portion of its subsistence
from the grasses of the pasture, but
for the first year it should not be com
pelled to live entirely on grass. The
digestive apparatus of the calf has not
yet become sufficiently developed to
permit of the consumption of enough
nutrients from feed containing so
much water as does grass. For this
reason Is should be given a ration of
corn, oats, bran, and oil meal twice
daily for the first year at least and
then, of course, during the second
winter It should be carried through
on a ration composed largely of rough
age, such as clover hay, alfalfa hay,
corn silage, etc., with a slight amount
of concentrated feeds, In order to de
velop to the greatest degree the di
gestive apparatus. Calves raised un
der these conditions will make large
growth and by the time they have
reached the age of two years they will
have the size, stamina, reserve force
and power to freshen; and with the
good breeding and productive powers
of their ancestors they should produce
profitably even the first year, and if
the owner continues with his good
and feeding he has reason to be
As a rule, calves in
disappointed If they do not produce
for him at least 250 pounds of butter
In their two-year-old form. Likewise
is he in a position to compliment him
self If these results are attained.
Truthful Man Asked for It and It Mus»
Be Allowed It Was Handed
In his anxiety to learn what the
congregation really thought of him
and his sermons the sensitive young
minister picked out a man who he
believed could be depended upon to
mingle with the home-going church
crowd and report their remarks with
out giving them a fictitious compli
mentary tinge. The amateur detectiva
summoned to the ministerial
"Roger," said the pastor, "are you
a truthful man?"
"I am, please heaven," said Roger,
"If put to the test would you have
the courage to repeat personal criti
cism accurately no matter whether It
gave pain or pleasure?"
"I would, please heaven," said Roger.
"What proof can you give that yon
are sufficiently trustworthy?" the min
ister persisted.
"If you mean what proof can I give
that I stand in fear or favor of no
man," said Roger, "I will just repeat a
few of the things I heard said last
Sunday about you and your work, if
you don't mind. They said if pastor
wasn't quite so long winded, and
didn't saw the air so much and chaw
his words so, and would just tend to
his own business and give them more
real, old-fashioned religion and not so
muph literary chaff he wouldn't be a
bad sort of a preacher.
"Thank you," said the minist!»
humbly. ''That Is All, Roger.
f Historic Scenes
and Heroic Deeât
T IS probable that never before in the
history of the country has there been
such a well-sustained movement
there is today to secure proper public
memorials of the dead who in life ren
dered great service to their fellows,
and to commemorate by tablets and v
by monuments the scenes of great bat
tles and of the great events of peace
which had their lasting effect upon the
history of this great republic. i
For two or three years during the t
sessions of congress, the senate and house commit- J
tees which have memorial matters in charge have
been busy considering memorial çlans which prop
erly might have congressional support. At the same
time the Daughters of the American Revolution and
kindred patriotic societies have been engaged in the
work of raising funds to make memorials of the past
possible. In the city of Washington the residents
have felt a touch of the same spirit, and there is here*
today an active organization which was formed for
the express purpose of providing ways and means to
keep in the mind of the present generation, the mem- (
ories of the past, by means of worthy memorial tab
lets emplaced on buildings of historic interest, or on
land or ground made famous as the witnesses of his
toric events.
For some time there have been before congress
three plans for a great memorial to Abraham Lin
or tp/l/mpp, pap/s
0 t>
APCP or OOS/<3TA/iT/f1£r,
coln. No one plan has been definitely adopted,
but the sentiment is all one way, and It Is virtu
ally assured that before another year has passed
there will be under way the work necessary to
commemorate worthily the life and the deeds of
the "Rail Splitter President."
Oue of the plans Is for a great highway to be
known as the Lincdln Road, or the Lincoln High
way, to connect the capital with the battlefield of
Gettysburg. It Is held by many students of Eng
lish that the short address which Abraham Lin
coln delivered on the battlefield of Gettysburg Is
one of the finest examples of expression In the
mother tongue known to the world of letters.
Lincoln is Inseparably connected with Gettysburg,
and the fact is due almost wholly to the speech
which he delivered on the anniversary of the bat
tle, a speech which, it is said, was prepared only
at tfye last moment before delivery, the only pre
paration except that of thought, consisting in a
few notes jotted down upon the back of an old
The senate committee on library, which has in
charge memorial work, reported favorably a bill
authorizing the expenditure of $100,000 for the
erection of a memorial arch upon the camping
ground of the American army at Valley Forge, in
the state of Pennsylvania. The library committee
some time ago, recommended and secured the
passage of a bill appropriating money for the erec
tion in Washington of a stetue to John Barry,
commodore in the United States navy during the
Revolutionary war. A monument also Is to be
erected to Christopher Columbus and a part of the
cost will be paid by the people of the United
Statues to Kosciusko and Pulaski have
been erected within the yew, and other statues
and monuments, either have been put in place, or
well on the road to completion. It Is
are now
said that the patriotic societies, by their excellent
educational work throughout the country, have so
aroused the sentiment of the people ttat the
pressure which has been brought to bear on con
gress properly to recognize the services of the
dead and gone has been irresistible.
A good deal of interest attaches to the pro
posed memorial arch at Valley Forge. It was
there that Gen. George Washington and his army
passed the awful winter of 1777-8, a time of suffer
ing, starvation and danger from the enemy. As
has been said, a bill authorizing the expenditure
of $100,000 has been reported favorably from the
library committee. There seems to be no opposi
tion in congress to the appropriation, and a bill
sanctioning it probably will be passed at the next
session. _
Declared to Be One of the Most Urgent
Necessities of New York
Thç matron of a home for girls
which is based on peculiar lines and
which accommodates only those who
can be left in the home a number of
years, recently stated that one of the
most urgent needs of the hour in New
York city is a home for girls—and an
other for boys, for that matter—which
ters of the Revolution
will accommodate temporary appli
cants. That is, a good institution in
which parents can place their children
for a few weeks or months, or possibly
for a few days only, while the family
Is tided over some transient difficulty.
"A creche is not enough," she said,
"and this place is too much. Here the
parents must surrender their girls un
til they are sixteen years old, and few
parents are willing to do this; nor
should they, as a rule, be required to
do so. Some of the many vast for
tunes in America might well go to en
dow a home to care for children tem
The money for the
arches at Valley Forge
Is to be expended by
the Valley Forge park
commission under the
direction of the secre
tary of war. A consid
erable part of the en
campment grounds of
General Washington at
Valley Forge, in the
winter of 1777-1778 has
always been a forest, and the greater part of the
earthworks, consisting of entrenchments, the star'
redoubts, and Forts Washington and Huntington,
had not been greatly affected by the elements nor
disturbed by man. In 1878 an imposing celebra
tion of the anniversary of the evacuation 'was
held. As a result of this celebration, the Centen
nial Memorial association was formed by patri
otic women, who purchased the house which Gen
eral Washington occupied during the greater part
of the encampment. The house has been restored
to its condition when occupied by Washington.
In 1893, the general assembly of Pennsylvania
declared that "the title to and ownership in the
ground covering the site, including Forts Wash
ington and Huntington, and the entrenchments
adjacent thereto, and the adjoining grounds, in all
not exceeding 250 acres, but not including there
in the property known as Washington's headquar
ters, and now owned by the Centennial and Me
morial Association of Valley Forge, shall be vest
ed in the state of Pennsylvania, to be laid out, pre
served and maintained forever as a public place,
or park, by the name of Valley Forge, so that the
same and their fortifications thereon may be main
tained as nearly as possible in their original con
ditions as a military camp."
Since the establishment of the park, the state
of Pennsylvania has appropriated $313,215 toward
the acquisifion and improvement of the land and
buildings, including the Washington headquarters
building and ground, which were acquired five
years ago by condemnation, and made free to all
visitors. The park now contains 467 acres.
In 1901 the Daughters of the Revolution erect
ed on the reservation an imposing granite shaft
50 feet high, called the Waterman monument. On
the face of the monument is the following in
To the Soldiers of Washington's Army
Who Sleep at Valley Forge. 1777-1778.
Erected by the
Daughters of the Revolution.
On the south side is another inscription as
Near This <Spot Lies Lieutenant John
Died April 23, 1778, Whose Grave Alone of AU
His Comrades, Was Marked.
It Is estimated that there were 3,000 deaths I*
General Washington's army during the winter's
stay In this camp. Most of the bodies were buried
in the camp grounds. Five years ago the Daugh
ters of the Revolution erected east of, but not far
porarily and thus help the
accommodate temporary appli
porarily and thus help the parents to
sustain the burden without actually
breaking up the relationships. The
touch and go with such a home would
give the children better ideals, which
would, to some extent, reach the par
ents also. Of course the vacation and
holiday farms and summef places are
a help, but do not in the least fill the
bill I have indicated. Many a man
who loses his position Is so terri
fied by his family's needs that he is
handicapped about getting another
place, for his thought is not clear and
lie does not have even his ordinary
■ :


from where Varnum's brigade is supposed to have
been encamped, a log hut of the exact dimensions
erected by the soldiers under Washington. Above
the door to this hut has been placed a tablet bear
ing the following Inscription:
On This Spot Stood One of the Huts
Occupied by the Soldiers of
Washington's Camp
During the Winter of 1777-1778.
This Reproduction Was Erected by
Colonial Chapter of Philadelphia,
Daughters of the Revolution,
May, 1905.
Members of the senate committee on library, ex
press the hope that eventually all the great battle
fields of the Revolutionary and Civil wars in the
states of Pennsylvania, Virginia and Maryland will
be connected by boulevards.
The great memorial arch at Valley Forge will
he one of the few great arches of history which
will represent something more than mere victory
in the battle of men. It was a moral and physical
victory in one that Washington and his men
achieved at Valley Forge. They conquered priva
tion and they conquered rebellion against the hard
ships of fate.
The Romans were practically the originators of
the memorial and triumphal arch. In fact, they used
the ordinary building and bridge arch itself to a
much greater extent than had ever been known be
fore. Three of the great Roman triumphal arches
still standing. They are those of Titus, Septi
miuB, Severus and Constantine. That of the first
Christian emperor is by far the most beautiful. It
marks the triumphal return from Gaul and Brit
ain led as tradition has it, by the blazing cross of
stars, with the luminous sign which bade Jhim "con
quer by this."
In the Arch of Septimius there could be traced
for years after its erection, the information that
the emperor had gained great victories over the
Parthians. As one looks at this monument today
it is interesting to recall that the man and em
peror who passed in triumph under it after its com
pletion, was the one who built the wall in Britain
to check the ■ inroads of the fierce Scotch High
landers. The Arch of Titus has but one arcade or
entrance, and upon this there rested at one time
with other spoils of war, the golden candlesticks ôf
the Temple of Jerusalem, of which Titus in very
truth, had not left "one stone upon another."
Of the other famous Roman arches, the founda
tions of one erected in the days of the republic, may
still be traced, though of the structure which rose
above them little or nothing is known. It was un
der this arch that Fabius Maximus walked in tri
umph after he had
Another arch, but
oroughly thrashed the Gauls,
which no trace exists, was
that was erected in Syracuse in honor of Ver
res, the legate of Rome in Syracuse, for whom
Cicero, as every schoolboy knows, made it so un
comfortable in one of his orations.
There are still foundations left of the Arch of
Drusus, "erected to commemorate the success won
In Germany by the son of Augustus' wife."
Napoleon commemorated his passage of the Alps
by the Simplon road, by erecting at the road's ter
minus at Milan, an arch which is a magnificently
beautiful copy of Roman models.
good Judgment at command to guide
him. A temporary home for his chil
dren would not only keep expenses
from piling up on him, but would re
lieve his anxiety and leave his
thoughts free to make the best possi
ble arrangements for him. Why does
not some millionaire or plutocratess
Proof of It.
"Maudie Is a woman of open na
*1 notice that it is hard to make her
shut up.

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