Newspaper Page Text
THE GERMAN NOTE RECEIVED IN
WASHINGTON DOES NOT SATISFY DEMANDS. ISSUES RAISED EVADED United States Will Continue to De mand Recognition of Principles of International Law.—President Will Act With Firmness. Washington.—Official Washington takes a grave view of the situation produced by Germany's refusal to meet the demands of the United States growing out of the sinking of the Lusitania, with a loss of more than 100 Americans. Upon President Wilson rests the burden of deciding the policy which the United States Is to follow. Quiet ly and carefully *he is considering the situation, it was stated at the White House, after telephone communica tions with the president at Cornish, N. H., and the country may expect him to act with "deliberation as well as firmness" when he has examined all phases of the problem. What action the United States will take officials could not predict with certainty. Some of those who have been familiar with the president's point of view and with the details of the present situation, however, point ed out that there seemed to be but one course open with dignity and honor to the United States—the con tinued assertion and exercise of the rights of neutrals on the high seas in accordance with the established prin ciples of international law. Responsibility for any rupture in friendly relations which might subse quently ensue, between the United States and Germany, it was declared, would then fall upon the Berlin gov ernment. There is as yet no definite crystal lization of opinion among officials as to details, but the distinct tendency is toward a reiteraton not only In a formal note but in actual practice of the principles for which the United States has been contending. The unanimous verdict of high officials waé* that the German reply was thor oughly unsatisfactory and leaves the situation exactly at the point where it was in the days immediately follow ing the sinking of the Lusitania. While the continued exercise of American rights in the future is urged as a logical course to be followed, it is recognized also that the United States cannot abandon the demands it has made for the disavowal of intent to drown Americans and the question of reparation. Germany's refusal on these points may lead, it is believed, to steps by the United States to show its disap proval of the last note. Whether Am bassador Gerard might be recalled or a complete severance of diplomatic re lations ordered was again discussed in official circles as well as among diplo matists. There was'no denial in any quarter that the general situation was fraught ( with grave possibilities. This was in dicated, however, in the undertone of comment rather than in any direct way. Text of the Note. "Berlin, July 8. The undersigned has the honor to make the following reply to his excel lency, Ambassador Gerard, to the note of the 10th ultimo re. the impairment of American interests by the German submarine war. "The imperial government learned with satisfaction from the note how earnestly the government of the United States is concerned in seeing the prin ciples of humanity realized in the pres ent war. Also this appeal finds ready echo in Germany, and the imperial goernment is quite willing to permit its statements and decisions in the present case to be governed by the principles of humanity, just as it has done always. "The Imperial government welcomed with gratitude when the American government, in the note of May 15, it self recalled that Germany had al ways had permitted itself to be gov erned by the principles of progress and humanity in dealing with the law of maritime war. Since the time when Frederick the Great negotiated with John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson the treaty of friend ship and commerce of September 9, 1785, between Prussia and the republic of the west, German and American * statesmen have, in fact, always stood together In the struggle for the free ■ Submarines in White Sea? New York.—Officers and passengers on the Russian steamship Czar that arrived July 10 from Archangel, said they had sighted in White Sea on June 27, when within a day's run of Archangel, a wrecked steamship float ing bottom up and surrounded by a mass of wreckage and cargo. Czar searched for survivors, but found none. The Identity of the ship was not determined. Her boats were smashed in, evidently by a mine or torpedo. r The Arrested for Killing In 1868. Bedford, Iowa.—Charged with the murder in 1868 of a wealthy but uni dentified cattleman and his son and facing the allegation that he was a member of a counterfeiting gang which operated in this section during the pe riod just subsequent to the civil war, Bates Huntsman, 70 years old, mem ber of a prominent family, was arrest ed July 8. The warrant for Hunts man's arrest was sworn out by local authorities following conferences with the Attorney general's office ' dom of the seas and for the protec tion of peaceable trade. "In the international proceedings which since have been conducted for the regulation of the laws of maritime war Germany and America have joint ly advocated progressive principles, especially the abolishment of the right of capture at sea, and the protection of the interests of neutrals. "Even at the beginning of the pres ent war the German government im mediately declared its willingness, in response to proposals of the American government, to ratify the declaration of London and thereby subject itself in the use of its naval forces to all the restrictions provided therein in fa for of neutrals. Germany likewise has been always tenacious of the principle that war should be conducted against the armed and organized forces of an enemy country, but that the enemy civilian population must be spared as far as possible from the measures of war. The imperial government cher ishes the definite hope that some way will be found when peace is concluded, or perhaps earlier, to regulate the law of maritime war in a manner guaran teeing the freedom of the seas, and will welcome iJL with graitude and sat isfaction if it can work hand and hand with the American government on that occasion. "If in the present war the principles which should be the ideal of the future have been traversed more and more, the longer its duration, the German government has no guilt therein. It is known to the American government how Germany's adversaries, by com pletely paralyzing peaceable traffic be tween Germany and neutral countries, have aimed from the very beginning and with increasing lack of considera tion at the destruction, not so much of the armed forces as the life of the German nation, repudiating in do ing so all the rules of international law and disregarding all rights of neu trals. IN "On November 3, 1914, England de clared the North Sea a war area, and by planting poorly anchored mines and by the stoppage and capture of ves sels made passage extremely danger ous and difficult for neutral shipping, thereby actually blockading neutral coasts and ports contrary to all inter national law. Long before the begin ning of submarine war England prac tically completely intercepted legiti mate neutral navigation to Germany also. Thus Germanuy was driven to a submarine war on trade. On November 14, 1914, the English premier declared in the House of Com mons that it was one » of England's principal tasks to prevent food for the German population from reaching Ger many via neutral ports. Since March 1 England has been taking from neu tral ships without further formality all merchandise proceeding to Ger many, as well as merchandise coming from Germany, even when neutral property. Just as it was also with the Boers, the German people is now to be given the choice of perishing from starvation with its women and chil dren, or of relinquishing its independ ence. "While our enemies thus loudly and openly proclaimed without mercy our utter destruction, we were conducting a war in self-defense for our national existence and for the sake of peace of an assured permanency. We have been obliged to adopt a submarine warfare to meet the declared intentions of our enemies and the methods of warfare adopted by them in contravention of international law. 'With all its efforts in principle to protect neutral life and property from ( damage as much as possible, the Ger naan government recognized unresev edly in its memorandum of February 4 that the interests of neutrals might suffer from the submarine warfare. However, the American government will also understand and appreciate that in the fight for existence which has been forced upon Germany by Its adversaries and announced by them h is the sacred duty of the imperial gov ernment to do all within its power to protect and save the lives of German subjects. If the imperial government were derelict in these things, its du ties, it would be guilty before God and history of the violation of these prin ciples of highest humanity which the foundation of every national ex-» istence. are The case of the Lusitania shows with horrible clearness to what jeop ardizing of human lives the manner of conducting war employed by our ad versaries leads. In the most direct contradiction of international law, all distinctions between merchantmen and war vessels have been obliterated by the order to British merchantmen to arm themselves and to ram subma rines, and the promise of rewards therefor, and neutrals who use mer chantmen as travelers thereby have been exposed in an increasing degree to all the dangers of war. If the commander of the German submarine which destroyed the Lusi tania had caused the crew and passen gers to take boats before firing a tor pedo this would have meant the sure destruction of his own vessel. After the experiences In sinking much small • * GERMAN PRESS COMMENT. Berlin.—Commenting on the new German note to the United States, the Morgenpost says: "The answer in every way is worthy of Germany. It shows the calm of a good conscience, a willingness to less en the fearfulness of war as far as possible, and an upright wish to live in peace with America. But it also expresses a firm will not to abate one jot or title of Germany's rights. The warfare rests on Great Britain." Evelyn Must Appear in Court. New York.—A body attachment was Issued by Supreme Court Justice Hen drick July 7 for Evelyn Nesblt Thaw, who failed to appear to testify in the sanitary trial of her husband, Harry K. Thaw. Mrs. Tbaa^came down from her summer camp in the Adirondacks and told Deputy Attorney General Cook she could not stand the strain of testifying and did not propose to testify against her husband. She then left for the Adirondacks. er and less seaworthy vessels, It was to be expected that a mighty ship like the Lusitania would remain above water long enough even after the tor pedoing to permit passengers to enter the ship's boats. Circumstances of a very peculiar kind, especially the pres ence on board of large quantities of highly explosive materials (word omit ted, possible 'dissipated') this expecta tion. In addition it may be pointed out that if the Lusitania had been spared thousands of cases of muni tions would have been sent to Ger many's enemies and thereby thousands of German mothers and children robbed of bread winners. In the spirit of friendship where with the German nation has been im bued toward the Union and its inhabi tants since the earliest days of its ex istence, the imperial government will always be ready to do all it can during the present war also to prevent the jeopardizing of lives of American citi zens. The imperial government, there fore, repeats the assurances that American ships will not be hindered in the prosecution of legitimate shipping and the lives of American citizens on neutral vessels shall not be placed in jeopardy. "In orddr to exclude any unforeseen daggers to American passepger steam ers, made possible in view of the con duct of maritime war by Germany's adversaries, German submarines will be instructed to permit the free and safe passage of such passenger steam ers when made recognizable by special markings and notified a reasonable time in advance. The imperial gov ernment, however, confidently hopes that the American government will as sume to guarantee on board, détails of arrangement for the unhampered passage of these vessels to be agreed on by the naval authorities of both sides. in of .. "In order to furnish adequate facili ties for travel across the Atlantic for American citizens, the German govern ment submits for consideration a pro posal to increase the number of availa ble steamers by installing in passenger service a reasonable number of neutral steamers under the American flag, the exact number to be agreed upon under the same condition as the above men tioned American steamers. The imperial government believes it can assume that in this manner ad equate facilities for travel across the Atlantic Ocean can be afforded Ameri can citizens. There would, therefore, appear to be no compelling necessity for American citizens to travel to Eu rope in time of war on ships carrying an enemy flag. "The imperial government Is unable to admit that American citizens can protect an enemy ship through the mere fact of their presence on board. Germany merely followed Eng land's example when she declared part of the high seas an area of war. Con sequently, accidents suffered by neu trals on enemy ships in this area of war cannot well be Judged differently from accidents to which neutrals are at all times exposed at the seat of war on land when they betake them selves into dangerous localities in £plte of previous warnings. "If, however, it should not be possi ble for the American government to require an adequate number of neutral passenger steamers, the Imperial gov ernment is prepared to interpose no objections to the placing under the American flag by the American gov ernment of four enemy passenger 3teamers for passenger traffic between North America and England. Assu rance of 'free and safe' passage for American passenger steamers would extend to apply under the identical pro-conditions to these formerly hos tile passenger steamers. "The president of the United States has declared his readiness in a way de serving of thanks to communicate and suggest proposals to the government of Great Britain with particular refer ence to the alteration of maritime war. The imperial government will always be glad to make use of the good offices of the president and hopes that his efforts in the present case, as well as in the direction of the lofty ideal of the freedom of the sea, will lead to an understanding. "The undersigned requests the am bassador to bring the above to the knowledge of the American govern ment and avails himself of the oppor tunity to renew to his excellency the assurance of his most distinguished consideration. "(Signed) n •. VON JAGOW." FRENCH PRESS COMMENT. Paris.—"The official German note regarding the Lusitania incident, con tains nothing in the nature of conces sions which the delay In its prepara tion had* seemed to indicate," says the Temps, and adds: "President Wilson from the begin ning has placed the question on the broad principle of international law and humanity, and the firmness of his attitude gives assurance that he will not abandon that principle or lend himself to anything that will encroach upon the sovereignty of his country." LONDON PAPERS COMMENT. London.—The text of the German reply to the United States has been received In London. The papers pub lish it in full under such headlines as "Germany's Hypocritical Reply," and "An Amazing Offer." The Evening Standard says: pirate's excuses are ridiculously trans parent. The unctuous Germans whine 'We always respect the lives of civil ians as much as possible,' but what of Belgium?" The u Turkish Loss 25,000. London.—A dispatch dated July 8 from Athens says: "The Turkish losses at the Darda nelles In the recent fighting were 25, 000. An urgent order has been sent to Constantinople to prepare 150, 000 beds in the hospitals." Adriatic Is Safe. New York.—Word of the arrival oi the Adriatic in Liverpool which was received here July 8, dispelled appre hension over the safety of the liner, A F QTON a « m mm u i ütlif > m t m Aunty Has Absolute Faith in President Wilson ASHINGTON.—There may be those who criticize the president In the matter of the controversy between the United States and Germany, but one old colored woman of Washington pins her faith to President Wilson, because "he was raised right. Augusta, Ga., she knew the president when he was a boy, and her Sunday school teacher was young Woodrow W In ■ *> f T IJES flATCHt LLt | KdOlVS DAT 4 Ain* of trufe] MISTAH r, bfiLson f NARfl'T 1 RAISED \ NO SECH / EA WAV J h Wilson's mother. "Dey tell me dat Mlstah Bryan she said to is de one in de right, her employer the other morning. Well, he's ag'in drinkin', an' so is L But I jes" tell 'em dey ain' no 'casion to tell me dat Mistah Wilson done anything mean, 'cause I jes' natchqlly knows dat ain' de trufe. He warn't raised no sech er way. I knowed him when he 'uz a boy," she went on, "en' his mothah she done taught me in de Sunday schools. Yassuh, he 'uz sho'ly raised right, en' all his folks is dat kind—jes' all good Presb'terians. I knowed 'em, en' I know dey is to be trusted fer sense en' fer goodness. I knows dat fer myse'f. *Ts goin' up ter de W'ite House soon's I kin en' make rayse'f knowed to de president I'a Jes' goin' to say ter him w'en I sees him, 'Mistah Presi dent Wilson, heah's one fer shore w'at ain' goin' ter b'lieve nothin' ag'in you all, suh, 'cause I knows foh myse'f dat it ain't true. 'Tain' no use er talkin', dey's de Lawd's own people, and de president is goin' ter do de Lawd's wu'k.' "No, ain' nobody need ter tell me nufHn' 'bout Mistah Wilson. De presi He ain't M t* dent he's clean, soul an' body, 'cause he 'uz raised Jes' dat er way. goin' ter do nuffln' mean er low ter nobody. He's Jes' natchully Gawd's own chile, en' be er goin' ter lead up de nation in de way er righteousness. Ain' l tol' yer his ma done teached me in de Sunday school?" Uncle Sam Produces Only Truly Accurate Maps N a manufacturing enterprise that is open to all comers—the making and publishing of maps—Uncle Sam, through his geological survey, competes with such success that he is pretty generally recognized to be the only pro ducer of truly accurate maps in - the country. As a natural result, he prac tically monopolizes the business in so far as it relates to land areas within his own national boundaries. The government maps are bought In large quantities by dealers every year, and, being resold in shops, find their way into the hands of thousands of citizens who seldom realize that they are purchasing a government made article. But so firmly has the government established itself as a map maker in the minds of persons who know the fundamentals of good maps that the geological survey product is specified In many of the calls for bids on big map orders. Altogether, over half a million maps and map folios are distributed each year by the geological survey, the majority of them being sold approximately at cost and the remainder being given away. This business is growing con stantly, and its educational value in one field alone is indicated by the estimate of officials of the survey that fully 20 per cent of the maps distrib uted find their way into the educational institutions of the country. In addi tion the majority of the maps used in school geographies are complied by commercial publishers from maps made by the survey. The usefulness of the geological survey as a maker o# topographic maps to the various branches of the government and to the public is practically unlimited. Of great value In connection with boundary matters to the state department and in connection with delivery routes to the post office depart ment, Scrupulously accurate maps are obviously indispensable to the war department and to the marine corps of the navy in working out the nations' defense. UNCLE SAM MAP MAKER rldY) o s m Thirty Cents Puzzles Secretary of the Treasury A COMMUNICATION addressed to "Mr. and Mrs. W. S. McAdoo, Secretary and Treasurer, United States Mint, Federal and Penn Streets, Washington, D. C., Care of Postmaster," has been delivered to the secretary of the treas ury as the official of the government most nearly answering to the name, titles and address given. But there is a mystery regarding the screed written upon this post card that makes Secretary McAdoo doubtful If it is indeed meant for him; yet there are other references that appear to make it certain that the writer was addressing himself to him. "Have received the money 30c O. K. & very much oblidged for kind favors. May send more next when (D r\ I have some." What 30 cents? Secretary McAdoo is not conscious of having parted with six jitneys to a correspondent who can be identified as the writer of the post card. And who is to send more next time? Is it a suggestion that Secretary McAdoo increase bis remittances? Or is there a prospect of his receiving a rebate and an offset on the 30 cents alleged to have been for warded ? "Did you name the baby boy after me, W. C. or C. W. McAdoo?" is a question asked. Now, as the correspondent signs initials to his note, one of which is "Q," It Is not quite obvious what he means, especially as the newcomer in the McAdoo household Is a wee young lady and has been given the name of Ellen Wilson McAdoo. The post card, on the reverse, bears a colored print of a Christian Science church. Under it Is written in ink, "Put In picture album for safe keeping.' Duplicate of Solomon's Temple in Washington HAT is considered one ot the most beautiful and artistic buildings In Washington, "the city beautiful," Is nearing completion. It is the new Scottish Rite Temple on Sixteenth street, one of Washington's finest resi dential streets. It has been in course of construction more than four years and will cost about $1,750,000, includ ing the property, when completed. Every effort is being made to have it finished so that it can be dedicated in October of this year during the meeting of the supreme council of the Scottish Rite. The hew structure is said to be the only exact duplicate of King Solomon's- temple that has ever been built. The building proper is of Indi limestone, while the steps, an important feature, are of Milford (Mass.) granite. The steps leading to the main entrance are 200 feet in length, larger than those of the capitol, and said té be the largest in the city. There are many special features of this remarkable building, not the least being the library, containing the most complete collection of Masonic literature in the world. Another of 'the special features of this structure are the two great sphinxes, which will guard the main door. They will cost $18,000. The blocks of stone from which they are being carved are said to be the larges! quarried in this country. They come from Bedford, Ind. W u àm ana ever Old Gazetteer of Indian Territory. The geological survey has on hand extra copies of a 1905 Gazetteer of Indian Territory which will doubt less i be of interest to many of the Oldelr inhabitants of the present state i idicating the remarkable growth of the country in the past ten years. will be sent free on applies to the Director, U, S. Geological Surfey, Washington, D. C. some as A c >py tion Th« Unlucky Number. "What are you here for, and why, my misguided friend?" queried one of those sympathetic prison uplift advo cates recently. "Well, you see, mum, I'm the vic tim of the unlucky number 18." "My, how novel and superstitious! Tell me all about it—that number 13. "Yes, mum, twelve jurors and one Judge."—New York Times. ■ Prize Drawing. T bear Jack has fooled us all and got married." "Yes, he went way down to New Orleans for his bride. I understand he had known her only a very few days." "Sort of a Louisiana lottery for Jack, eh? »» Wrong Attitude. Let us forgive and forget; if we hold a hurt feeling and adopt a martyr pose, we show we forget that we have forgiven. The Effects of Opiates. T HAT INFANTS are peculiarly susceptible to opium *nrf its Tarions preparations, all of which are narootic, is well Known. Even in the smallest doses, if continued, these opiates cause changes in the func tions and growth of the cells which are likely to beoome permanent, canning imbecility, mental perversion, a craving for alcohol or narcotics in later life. Nervous diseases, such as intractable nervous dyspepsia and lack of staying powers are a result of dosing with opiates or narcotics to keep children quiet in their infancy. The rule among physicians is that children should never receive opiates in the smallest doses for more than a day at a time, and only then if unavoidable. The administration of Anodynes, Drops, Cordials, Soothing Syrups and other narcotics to children by any but a physician cannot be too strongly decried, and the druggist should not be a party to It. Children who are iÛ need the attention or a physician, and it is nothing less than g crime to dose them willfully with narcotics. Castoria contains no narcotics if it bears the signature of Chas. H. Fletcher. Genuine Castoria always bears the signature of Candy Relieves Fatigue. , ' The value of candy is recognized by military authorities. The British sol diers in France are reported as con suming sweets. A captain at the front with the British army reports that the can teen has "five times the demand for sweets that wasf expected, and one fifth the demand for beer.' tralians encamped in Egypt have eaten all the chocolate to be bad in Cairo. Scientists contend the sugar has much food value and is a good sub stitute for alcohol. Chocolate, for ex ample, Is harmlessly stimulating. Sol diers have discovered what scientists knew before, that sugar will relieve fatigue quickly and give a sense of strength that is real without the sub sequent depression experienced by those who use spirits. Sugar and can dies are found to be useful not only to the physically tired, but to those who suffer mental exhaustion.—West minster Gazette. 'prodigious quantities of The Aus Friend in Need. Four-year-old Donald was out on the lawn, wrestling with a somewhat older boy, and getting decidedly the worst of it. His quick wit thought out a way to avoid defeat, so he called out: "Mamma, did you call me?" Not receiving any reply, and being on the verge of defeat, Donald yelled desperately: Call me In, mamma; call me in quick!"—National Food Magazine. *. Island of Oahu, Hawaii, has 127 miles of railway. Cocoa was unknown until Mexico was discovered. It's a Picnic Getting Ready for a Picnic. If you choose Sweet Relish Ham Loaf Veal Loaf Jellies Apple Butter Pork and Beans Pickles Spanish Olives Chicken Loaf Fruit Preserves Luncheon Meats j y Ready to Serve Food Products I hub I on Libby s at four grocer'» Libby, M-Neill & Libby Chicago —W"' r\ "SC* 1 I 1 1 « al 1 7 :> •jiS I , V it) », ri K y r s a Serve it—especially when you want everything nice «V whan they want everything particu larly nie a. Gat a package of Arbucklee* —either whole bean or ground—and know why more of It is used than any other packaged coffee. There are many variatiea of coffee and just as many varieties of flavor. Very few people are able to tell these varieties apart merely it cm appearance. There is a way, howevor. tor you to ba euro of the coffeo you buy. Over a million other wom*r get good coffee every time they make it, by using Arbuckles' Coffee. With Arbuckles', yqu too can get the sparkling color and fine, full flavor that make this the coffee over a million women delight in serving, especially Make your coffee earn lovely gifts Save the Signatur« on ever y Arbuekla wrapper. Oat beautifiil, useful sift»— arti cles you have always wanted. Arbuckles' premiums are almost as famous as Ar bucklee' Coffee. In one year we gave away over a million of one premium alone I Send for our big Premium Catalog showing 150 of moat popular premium«. Write today to Arbuekla Bros.,ll-tf Water Street, N.Y. Of I III. Thu ie (A# miwnataro our Better than ever St m d A hit in time may save nine, and * kick unkicked may save a fine. No Accounts Opened. Do you charge things here?" Only storage batteries, madam. Boston Evening Transcript it n The One Exception. "Everyone seems to be here foi his health," remarked the new arrival at the summer resort. "Yes, everyone but the hotel pro prietor," replied the guest who had been there three days."—Judge. An Insect Tragedy. First Mosquito—What's become of our old friend? Second Mosquito—His was a horri ble fate. Those human beings poured kerosene all over the plhce. F. M.—But he liked kerosene. S. M.—That was the trouble. He gorged himself with it, and then col lided with a firefly. Whenever You Need a General Tonic Take Grove's The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless chill Tonic is equally valuable as a Gen eral Tonic because it contains the well known tonic properties of QUININE and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and Builds up the Whole System. SO cents. — Adv. A Rescuer. "Did you know Jiggers was a life saver at Atlantic City?" "Nonsense! lie can't swim a stroke." "Hé doesn't need to. He runs a , pawnshop and- stakes people to money to pay their fares home." Gloomy Observation. "Do you think the world is getting better?" "I don't know anything about it," replied the melancholy observer. "It seemed to be doing very well for a time, but, judging from the European news, I should say it is suffering a terrible relapse." His Version. "That baseball umpire has revised the old saying. "What's that?" "He says you can't touch a pitcher without being reviled." ft The specific gravity of cork is 24 and that of ebony 133.