THE GERMAN NOTE RECEIVED IN
WASHINGTON DOES NOT
ISSUES RAISED EVADED
United States Will Continue to De
mand Recognition of Principles of
Will Act With Firmness.
takes a grave view of the situation
produced by Germany's refusal to
meet the demands of the United
States growing out of the sinking of
the Lusitania, with a loss of more
than 100 Americans.
Upon President Wilson rests the
burden of deciding the policy which
the United States Is to follow. Quiet
ly and carefully *he is considering the
situation, it was stated at the White
House, after telephone communica
tions with the president at Cornish,
N. H., and the country may expect
him to act with "deliberation as well
as firmness" when he has examined
all phases of the problem.
What action the United States will
take officials could not predict with
certainty. Some of those who have
been familiar with the president's
point of view and with the details of
the present situation, however, point
ed out that there seemed to be but
one course open with dignity and
honor to the United States—the con
tinued assertion and exercise of the
rights of neutrals on the high seas in
accordance with the established prin
ciples of international law.
Responsibility for any rupture in
friendly relations which might subse
quently ensue, between the United
States and Germany, it was declared,
would then fall upon the Berlin gov
There is as yet no definite crystal
lization of opinion among officials as
to details, but the distinct tendency
is toward a reiteraton not only In a
formal note but in actual practice of
the principles for which the United
States has been contending. The
unanimous verdict of high officials
waé* that the German reply was thor
oughly unsatisfactory and leaves the
situation exactly at the point where
it was in the days immediately follow
ing the sinking of the Lusitania.
While the continued exercise of
American rights in the future is urged
as a logical course to be followed, it
is recognized also that the United
States cannot abandon the demands
it has made for the disavowal of intent
to drown Americans and the question
Germany's refusal on these points
may lead, it is believed, to steps by
the United States to show its disap
proval of the last note. Whether Am
bassador Gerard might be recalled or
a complete severance of diplomatic re
lations ordered was again discussed in
official circles as well as among diplo
There was'no denial in any quarter
that the general situation was fraught (
with grave possibilities. This was in
dicated, however, in the undertone of
comment rather than in any direct
Text of the Note.
"Berlin, July 8.
The undersigned has the honor to
make the following reply to his excel
lency, Ambassador Gerard, to the note
of the 10th ultimo re. the impairment
of American interests by the German
"The imperial government learned
with satisfaction from the note how
earnestly the government of the United
States is concerned in seeing the prin
ciples of humanity realized in the pres
ent war. Also this appeal finds ready
echo in Germany, and the imperial
goernment is quite willing to permit
its statements and decisions in the
present case to be governed by the
principles of humanity, just as it has
"The Imperial government welcomed
with gratitude when the American
government, in the note of May 15, it
self recalled that Germany had al
ways had permitted itself to be gov
erned by the principles of progress
and humanity in dealing with the law
of maritime war. Since the time when
Frederick the Great negotiated with
John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and
Thomas Jefferson the treaty of friend
ship and commerce of September 9,
1785, between Prussia and the republic
of the west, German and American
* statesmen have, in fact, always stood
together In the struggle for the free
Submarines in White Sea?
New York.—Officers and passengers
on the Russian steamship Czar that
arrived July 10 from Archangel, said
they had sighted in White Sea on
June 27, when within a day's run of
Archangel, a wrecked steamship float
ing bottom up and surrounded by a
mass of wreckage and cargo.
Czar searched for survivors, but found
none. The Identity of the ship was
not determined. Her boats were
smashed in, evidently by a mine or
Arrested for Killing In 1868.
Bedford, Iowa.—Charged with the
murder in 1868 of a wealthy but uni
dentified cattleman and his son and
facing the allegation that he was a
member of a counterfeiting gang which
operated in this section during the pe
riod just subsequent to the civil war,
Bates Huntsman, 70 years old, mem
ber of a prominent family, was arrest
ed July 8. The warrant for Hunts
man's arrest was sworn out by local
authorities following conferences with
the Attorney general's office '
dom of the seas and for the protec
tion of peaceable trade.
"In the international proceedings
which since have been conducted for
the regulation of the laws of maritime
war Germany and America have joint
ly advocated progressive principles,
especially the abolishment of the right
of capture at sea, and the protection
of the interests of neutrals.
"Even at the beginning of the pres
ent war the German government im
mediately declared its willingness, in
response to proposals of the American
government, to ratify the declaration
of London and thereby subject itself
in the use of its naval forces to all
the restrictions provided therein in fa
for of neutrals. Germany likewise has
been always tenacious of the principle
that war should be conducted against
the armed and organized forces of an
enemy country, but that the enemy
civilian population must be spared as
far as possible from the measures of
war. The imperial government cher
ishes the definite hope that some way
will be found when peace is concluded,
or perhaps earlier, to regulate the law
of maritime war in a manner guaran
teeing the freedom of the seas, and
will welcome iJL with graitude and sat
isfaction if it can work hand and hand
with the American government on that
"If in the present war the principles
which should be the ideal of the future
have been traversed more and more,
the longer its duration, the German
government has no guilt therein. It
is known to the American government
how Germany's adversaries, by com
pletely paralyzing peaceable traffic be
tween Germany and neutral countries,
have aimed from the very beginning
and with increasing lack of considera
tion at the destruction, not so much
of the armed forces as the life of
the German nation, repudiating in do
ing so all the rules of international
law and disregarding all rights of neu
"On November 3, 1914, England de
clared the North Sea a war area, and
by planting poorly anchored mines and
by the stoppage and capture of ves
sels made passage extremely danger
ous and difficult for neutral shipping,
thereby actually blockading neutral
coasts and ports contrary to all inter
national law. Long before the begin
ning of submarine war England prac
tically completely intercepted legiti
mate neutral navigation to Germany
also. Thus Germanuy was driven to a
submarine war on trade.
On November 14, 1914, the English
premier declared in the House of Com
mons that it was one » of England's
principal tasks to prevent food for the
German population from reaching Ger
many via neutral ports. Since March
1 England has been taking from neu
tral ships without further formality
all merchandise proceeding to Ger
many, as well as merchandise coming
from Germany, even when neutral
property. Just as it was also with the
Boers, the German people is now to
be given the choice of perishing from
starvation with its women and chil
dren, or of relinquishing its independ
"While our enemies thus loudly and
openly proclaimed without mercy our
utter destruction, we were conducting
a war in self-defense for our national
existence and for the sake of peace of
an assured permanency. We have been
obliged to adopt a submarine warfare
to meet the declared intentions of our
enemies and the methods of warfare
adopted by them in contravention of
'With all its efforts in principle to
protect neutral life and property from
( damage as much as possible, the Ger
naan government recognized unresev
edly in its memorandum of February
4 that the interests of neutrals might
suffer from the submarine warfare.
However, the American government
will also understand and appreciate
that in the fight for existence which
has been forced upon Germany by Its
adversaries and announced by them h
is the sacred duty of the imperial gov
ernment to do all within its power to
protect and save the lives of German
subjects. If the imperial government
were derelict in these things, its du
ties, it would be guilty before God and
history of the violation of these prin
ciples of highest humanity which
the foundation of every national ex-»
The case of the Lusitania shows
with horrible clearness to what jeop
ardizing of human lives the manner of
conducting war employed by our ad
versaries leads. In the most direct
contradiction of international law, all
distinctions between merchantmen
and war vessels have been obliterated
by the order to British merchantmen
to arm themselves and to ram subma
rines, and the promise of rewards
therefor, and neutrals who use mer
chantmen as travelers thereby have
been exposed in an increasing degree
to all the dangers of war.
If the commander of the German
submarine which destroyed the Lusi
tania had caused the crew and passen
gers to take boats before firing a tor
pedo this would have meant the sure
destruction of his own vessel. After
the experiences In sinking much small
GERMAN PRESS COMMENT.
Berlin.—Commenting on the new
German note to the United States, the
"The answer in every way is worthy
of Germany. It shows the calm of a
good conscience, a willingness to less
en the fearfulness of war as far as
possible, and an upright wish to live
in peace with America. But it also
expresses a firm will not to abate one
jot or title of Germany's rights. The
warfare rests on Great Britain."
Evelyn Must Appear in Court.
New York.—A body attachment was
Issued by Supreme Court Justice Hen
drick July 7 for Evelyn Nesblt Thaw,
who failed to appear to testify in the
sanitary trial of her husband, Harry
K. Thaw. Mrs. Tbaa^came down from
her summer camp in the Adirondacks
and told Deputy Attorney General
Cook she could not stand the strain
of testifying and did not propose to
testify against her husband. She then
left for the Adirondacks.
er and less seaworthy vessels, It was
to be expected that a mighty ship like
the Lusitania would remain above
water long enough even after the tor
pedoing to permit passengers to enter
the ship's boats. Circumstances of a
very peculiar kind, especially the pres
ence on board of large quantities of
highly explosive materials (word omit
ted, possible 'dissipated') this expecta
tion. In addition it may be pointed
out that if the Lusitania had been
spared thousands of cases of muni
tions would have been sent to Ger
many's enemies and thereby thousands
of German mothers and children
robbed of bread winners.
In the spirit of friendship where
with the German nation has been im
bued toward the Union and its inhabi
tants since the earliest days of its ex
istence, the imperial government will
always be ready to do all it can during
the present war also to prevent the
jeopardizing of lives of American citi
zens. The imperial government, there
fore, repeats the assurances that
American ships will not be hindered in
the prosecution of legitimate shipping
and the lives of American citizens on
neutral vessels shall not be placed in
"In orddr to exclude any unforeseen
daggers to American passepger steam
ers, made possible in view of the con
duct of maritime war by Germany's
adversaries, German submarines will
be instructed to permit the free and
safe passage of such passenger steam
ers when made recognizable by special
markings and notified a reasonable
time in advance. The imperial gov
ernment, however, confidently hopes
that the American government will as
sume to guarantee on board, détails
of arrangement for the unhampered
passage of these vessels to be agreed
on by the naval authorities of both
"In order to furnish adequate facili
ties for travel across the Atlantic for
American citizens, the German govern
ment submits for consideration a pro
posal to increase the number of availa
ble steamers by installing in passenger
service a reasonable number of neutral
steamers under the American flag, the
exact number to be agreed upon under
the same condition as the above men
tioned American steamers.
The imperial government believes
it can assume that in this manner ad
equate facilities for travel across the
Atlantic Ocean can be afforded Ameri
can citizens. There would, therefore,
appear to be no compelling necessity
for American citizens to travel to Eu
rope in time of war on ships carrying
an enemy flag.
"The imperial government Is unable
to admit that American citizens can
protect an enemy ship through the
mere fact of their presence on board.
Germany merely followed Eng
land's example when she declared part
of the high seas an area of war. Con
sequently, accidents suffered by neu
trals on enemy ships in this area of
war cannot well be Judged differently
from accidents to which neutrals are
at all times exposed at the seat of
war on land when they betake them
selves into dangerous localities in £plte
of previous warnings.
"If, however, it should not be possi
ble for the American government to
require an adequate number of neutral
passenger steamers, the Imperial gov
ernment is prepared to interpose no
objections to the placing under the
American flag by the American gov
ernment of four enemy passenger
3teamers for passenger traffic between
North America and England. Assu
rance of 'free and safe' passage for
American passenger steamers would
extend to apply under the identical
pro-conditions to these formerly hos
tile passenger steamers.
"The president of the United States
has declared his readiness in a way de
serving of thanks to communicate and
suggest proposals to the government
of Great Britain with particular refer
ence to the alteration of maritime
war. The imperial government will
always be glad to make use of the
good offices of the president and hopes
that his efforts in the present case, as
well as in the direction of the lofty
ideal of the freedom of the sea, will
lead to an understanding.
"The undersigned requests the am
bassador to bring the above to the
knowledge of the American govern
ment and avails himself of the oppor
tunity to renew to his excellency the
assurance of his most distinguished
FRENCH PRESS COMMENT.
Paris.—"The official German note
regarding the Lusitania incident, con
tains nothing in the nature of conces
sions which the delay In its prepara
tion had* seemed to indicate," says the
Temps, and adds:
"President Wilson from the begin
ning has placed the question on the
broad principle of international law
and humanity, and the firmness of his
attitude gives assurance that he will
not abandon that principle or lend
himself to anything that will encroach
upon the sovereignty of his country."
LONDON PAPERS COMMENT.
London.—The text of the German
reply to the United States has been
received In London. The papers pub
lish it in full under such headlines as
"Germany's Hypocritical Reply," and
"An Amazing Offer."
The Evening Standard says:
pirate's excuses are ridiculously trans
parent. The unctuous Germans whine
'We always respect the lives of civil
ians as much as possible,' but what of
Turkish Loss 25,000.
London.—A dispatch dated July 8
from Athens says:
"The Turkish losses at the Darda
nelles In the recent fighting were 25,
000. An urgent order has been sent
to Constantinople to prepare 150,
000 beds in the hospitals."
Adriatic Is Safe.
New York.—Word of the arrival oi
the Adriatic in Liverpool which was
received here July 8, dispelled appre
hension over the safety of the liner,
Aunty Has Absolute Faith in President Wilson
ASHINGTON.—There may be those who criticize the president In the
matter of the controversy between the United States and Germany, but
one old colored woman of Washington pins her faith to President Wilson,
because "he was raised right.
Augusta, Ga., she knew the president
when he was a boy, and her Sunday
school teacher was young Woodrow
■ *> f T
IJES flATCHt LLt |
KdOlVS DAT 4
Ain* of trufe]
NO SECH /
EA WAV J h
"Dey tell me dat Mlstah Bryan
she said to
is de one in de right,
her employer the other morning.
Well, he's ag'in drinkin', an' so is
L But I jes" tell 'em dey ain' no
'casion to tell me dat Mistah Wilson
done anything mean, 'cause I jes'
natchqlly knows dat ain' de trufe.
He warn't raised no sech er way. I knowed him when he 'uz a boy," she
went on, "en' his mothah she done taught me in de Sunday schools. Yassuh,
he 'uz sho'ly raised right, en' all his folks is dat kind—jes' all good
Presb'terians. I knowed 'em, en' I know dey is to be trusted fer sense en'
fer goodness. I knows dat fer myse'f.
*Ts goin' up ter de W'ite House soon's I kin en' make rayse'f knowed
to de president I'a Jes' goin' to say ter him w'en I sees him, 'Mistah Presi
dent Wilson, heah's one fer shore w'at ain' goin' ter b'lieve nothin' ag'in you
all, suh, 'cause I knows foh myse'f dat it ain't true. 'Tain' no use er talkin',
dey's de Lawd's own people, and de president is goin' ter do de Lawd's wu'k.'
"No, ain' nobody need ter tell me nufHn' 'bout Mistah Wilson. De presi
dent he's clean, soul an' body, 'cause he 'uz raised Jes' dat er way.
goin' ter do nuffln' mean er low ter nobody. He's Jes' natchully Gawd's own
chile, en' be er goin' ter lead up de nation in de way er righteousness. Ain'
l tol' yer his ma done teached me in de Sunday school?"
Uncle Sam Produces Only Truly Accurate Maps
N a manufacturing enterprise that is open to all comers—the making and
publishing of maps—Uncle Sam, through his geological survey, competes
with such success that he is pretty generally recognized to be the only pro
ducer of truly accurate maps in - the
country. As a natural result, he prac
tically monopolizes the business in so
far as it relates to land areas within
his own national boundaries.
The government maps are bought
In large quantities by dealers every
year, and, being resold in shops, find
their way into the hands of thousands
of citizens who seldom realize that
they are purchasing a government
made article. But so firmly has the
government established itself as a
map maker in the minds of persons who know the fundamentals of good
maps that the geological survey product is specified In many of the calls
for bids on big map orders.
Altogether, over half a million maps and map folios are distributed each
year by the geological survey, the majority of them being sold approximately
at cost and the remainder being given away. This business is growing con
stantly, and its educational value in one field alone is indicated by the
estimate of officials of the survey that fully 20 per cent of the maps distrib
uted find their way into the educational institutions of the country. In addi
tion the majority of the maps used in school geographies are complied by
commercial publishers from maps made by the survey.
The usefulness of the geological survey as a maker o# topographic maps
to the various branches of the government and to the public is practically
unlimited. Of great value In connection with boundary matters to the state
department and in connection with delivery routes to the post office depart
ment, Scrupulously accurate maps are obviously indispensable to the war
department and to the marine corps of the navy in working out the nations'
Thirty Cents Puzzles Secretary of the Treasury
A COMMUNICATION addressed to "Mr. and Mrs. W. S. McAdoo, Secretary
and Treasurer, United States Mint, Federal and Penn Streets, Washington,
D. C., Care of Postmaster," has been delivered to the secretary of the treas
ury as the official of the government
most nearly answering to the name,
titles and address given. But there
is a mystery regarding the screed
written upon this post card that
makes Secretary McAdoo doubtful If
it is indeed meant for him; yet there
are other references that appear to
make it certain that the writer was
addressing himself to him.
"Have received the money 30c O.
K. & very much oblidged for kind
favors. May send more next when
I have some."
What 30 cents? Secretary McAdoo is not conscious of having parted
with six jitneys to a correspondent who can be identified as the writer of the
post card. And who is to send more next time? Is it a suggestion that
Secretary McAdoo increase bis remittances? Or is there a prospect of his
receiving a rebate and an offset on the 30 cents alleged to have been for
"Did you name the baby boy after me, W. C. or C. W. McAdoo?" is a
Now, as the correspondent signs initials to his note, one of which is "Q,"
It Is not quite obvious what he means, especially as the newcomer in the
McAdoo household Is a wee young lady and has been given the name of
Ellen Wilson McAdoo.
The post card, on the reverse, bears a colored print of a Christian
Science church. Under it Is written in ink, "Put In picture album for safe
Duplicate of Solomon's Temple in Washington
HAT is considered one ot the most beautiful and artistic buildings In
Washington, "the city beautiful," Is nearing completion. It is the new
Scottish Rite Temple on Sixteenth street, one of Washington's finest resi
dential streets. It has been in course
of construction more than four years
and will cost about $1,750,000, includ
ing the property, when completed.
Every effort is being made to have it
finished so that it can be dedicated
in October of this year during the
meeting of the supreme council of
the Scottish Rite.
The hew structure is said to be
the only exact duplicate of King
Solomon's- temple that has ever been
built. The building proper is of Indi
limestone, while the steps, an important feature, are of Milford (Mass.)
granite. The steps leading to the main entrance are 200 feet in length,
larger than those of the capitol, and said té be the largest in the city.
There are many special features of this remarkable building, not the
least being the library, containing the most complete collection of Masonic
literature in the world.
Another of 'the special features of this structure are the two great
sphinxes, which will guard the main door. They will cost $18,000. The
blocks of stone from which they are being carved are said to be the larges!
quarried in this country. They come from Bedford, Ind.
Old Gazetteer of Indian Territory.
The geological survey has on hand
extra copies of a 1905 Gazetteer
of Indian Territory which will doubt
less i be of interest to many of the
Oldelr inhabitants of the present state
i idicating the remarkable growth
of the country in the past ten years.
will be sent free on applies
to the Director, U, S. Geological
Surfey, Washington, D. C.
A c >py
Th« Unlucky Number.
"What are you here for, and why,
my misguided friend?" queried one of
those sympathetic prison uplift advo
"Well, you see, mum, I'm the vic
tim of the unlucky number 18."
"My, how novel and superstitious!
Tell me all about it—that number 13.
"Yes, mum, twelve jurors and one
Judge."—New York Times.
T bear Jack has fooled us all and
"Yes, he went way down to New
Orleans for his bride. I understand
he had known her only a very few
"Sort of a Louisiana lottery for
Let us forgive and forget; if we
hold a hurt feeling and adopt a martyr
pose, we show we forget that we have
The Effects of Opiates.
T HAT INFANTS are peculiarly susceptible to opium *nrf its Tarions
preparations, all of which are narootic, is well Known. Even in the
smallest doses, if continued, these opiates cause changes in the func
tions and growth of the cells which are likely to beoome permanent, canning
imbecility, mental perversion, a craving for alcohol or narcotics in later life.
Nervous diseases, such as intractable nervous dyspepsia and lack of staying
powers are a result of dosing with opiates or narcotics to keep children quiet
in their infancy. The rule among physicians is that children should never
receive opiates in the smallest doses for more than a day at a time, and
only then if unavoidable.
The administration of Anodynes, Drops, Cordials, Soothing Syrups and
other narcotics to children by any but a physician cannot be too strongly
decried, and the druggist should not be a party to It. Children who are iÛ
need the attention or a physician, and it is nothing less than g crime to
dose them willfully with narcotics.
Castoria contains no narcotics if it bears the
signature of Chas. H. Fletcher.
Genuine Castoria always bears the signature of
Candy Relieves Fatigue.
, ' The value of candy is recognized by
military authorities. The British sol
diers in France are reported as con
sweets. A captain at the front with
the British army reports that the can
teen has "five times the demand for
sweets that wasf expected, and one
fifth the demand for beer.'
tralians encamped in Egypt have eaten
all the chocolate to be bad in Cairo.
Scientists contend the sugar has
much food value and is a good sub
stitute for alcohol. Chocolate, for ex
ample, Is harmlessly stimulating. Sol
diers have discovered what scientists
knew before, that sugar will relieve
fatigue quickly and give a sense of
strength that is real without the sub
sequent depression experienced by
those who use spirits. Sugar and can
dies are found to be useful not only
to the physically tired, but to those
who suffer mental exhaustion.—West
'prodigious quantities of
Friend in Need.
Four-year-old Donald was out on
the lawn, wrestling with a somewhat
older boy, and getting decidedly the
worst of it. His quick wit thought
out a way to avoid defeat, so he called
"Mamma, did you call me?"
Not receiving any reply, and being
on the verge of defeat, Donald yelled
Call me In, mamma; call me in
quick!"—National Food Magazine.
Island of Oahu, Hawaii, has 127
miles of railway.
Cocoa was unknown until Mexico
It's a Picnic Getting Ready for a Picnic.
If you choose
Sweet Relish Ham Loaf Veal Loaf
Jellies Apple Butter
Pork and Beans
Chicken Loaf Fruit Preserves
Luncheon Meats j
Ready to Serve
hub I on Libby s at
Libby, M-Neill & Libby
Serve it—especially when
you want everything nice
whan they want everything particu
larly nie a. Gat a package of Arbucklee*
—either whole bean or ground—and
know why more of It is used than
any other packaged coffee.
There are many variatiea of coffee
and just as many varieties of flavor.
Very few people are able to tell these
varieties apart merely it cm appearance.
There is a way, howevor. tor you to
ba euro of the coffeo you buy. Over
a million other wom*r get good coffee
every time they make it, by using
With Arbuckles', yqu too can get
the sparkling color and fine, full flavor
that make this the coffee over a million
women delight in serving, especially
Make your coffee earn
Save the Signatur« on ever y Arbuekla
wrapper. Oat beautifiil, useful sift»— arti
cles you have always wanted. Arbuckles'
premiums are almost as famous as Ar
bucklee' Coffee. In one year we gave away
over a million of one premium alone I Send
for our big Premium Catalog showing 150 of
moat popular premium«. Write today
to Arbuekla Bros.,ll-tf Water Street, N.Y.
Of I III. Thu ie (A# miwnataro
Better than ever
A hit in time may save nine, and *
kick unkicked may save a fine.
No Accounts Opened.
Do you charge things here?"
Only storage batteries, madam.
Boston Evening Transcript
The One Exception.
"Everyone seems to be here foi
his health," remarked the new arrival
at the summer resort.
"Yes, everyone but the hotel pro
prietor," replied the guest who had
been there three days."—Judge.
An Insect Tragedy.
First Mosquito—What's become of
our old friend?
Second Mosquito—His was a horri
ble fate. Those human beings poured
kerosene all over the plhce.
F. M.—But he liked kerosene.
S. M.—That was the trouble. He
gorged himself with it, and then col
lided with a firefly.
Whenever You Need a General Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a Gen
eral Tonic because it contains the well
known tonic properties of QUININE and
IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives out
Malaria, Enriches the Blood and Builds
up the Whole System. SO cents. — Adv.
"Did you know Jiggers was a life
saver at Atlantic City?"
"Nonsense! lie can't swim a stroke."
"Hé doesn't need to. He runs a ,
pawnshop and- stakes people to money
to pay their fares home."
"Do you think the world is getting
"I don't know anything about it,"
replied the melancholy observer. "It
seemed to be doing very well for a
time, but, judging from the European
news, I should say it is suffering a
"That baseball umpire has revised
the old saying.
"He says you can't touch a pitcher
without being reviled."
The specific gravity of cork is 24
and that of ebony 133.
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