TORD PEACE PARTY
DIVIDED AND QUARREL80ME,
THE MEMBERS REACH WAR
CURFEW LAW RULED OUT
Expedition to Get Soldier Out of the
Trenches Ha* Coot Henry Ford
$125,000 to Date—May Coot
Christiania, Norway.—The Henry
Ford peace party has reached here.
The party to date has cost 9125,000, in
cluding 936,000 spent in New York.
The total, If the schedule Is followed,
■will be 9500,000 and probably more.
S. S. McClure, the publisher, stays
with the party at the request of Mr.
Ford. Judge Ben Lindsey's plans are
uncertain. The pilgrims have been
quarrelsome for a week, and almost
everybody gossips and squabbles. An
attempt at a system of espionage over
the doings of important members was
reported to Mme. Roszicka Schwim
mer, and there was much criticism of
Mr. McClure. An attempt to estab
lish a curfew on the pilgrims found
much support among the delegates,
but was suppressed by Mr. Lochner,
secretary of the International Peace
Nobody was taken off the ship at
Kirkwall and the baggage was not in
spected. The parcel post Christmas
gifts were removed,
thorities were courteous in their treat
Mr. Ford expresses confidence in
the outlook, but Mme. Schwimmer,
still dominant, refuses to indicate the
plans of the neutral countries of which
she is supposed to have knowledge.
The British au
ADJ0URNS FOR HOLIDAYS
Measure to Continue Emergency War
Tax For One More Year Passed
By Both Houses.
Washington. — Congress adjourned
on the night of Dec. 7 for the Christ
mas holidays after the Senate had
adopted the joint resolution which
passed the House extending the emer
gency revenue law one year, or until
Dec. 31, 1916. Teh Senate adopted the
resolution after a lively partisan de
bate, by a vote of 45 to 29, Democrats
supporting it solidly and Republicans
unanimously opposing it. President
Wilson signed the measure.
Both houses will reconvene at noon,
Tuesday, Jan. 4, when the administra
tion. legislative program, including the
plans for national defense, will be un
dertaken in earnest.
During the two weeks of the session
the only important legislation was the
extension of the war tax. This was
done to prevent a lapse of the law
Dec. 31, next, with the understanding
that the law will be taken up for
amendment in prder to increase the
revenue as soon after the holidays as
Upon the adjournment there was a
general exodus of members for their
homes. The last day in the House
had been devoted to /speeches in na
tional defense. Discussion of war
revenue resolutions in the Senate re
solved itself into a tariff argument.
Republicans assailing the Underwood
law as inadequate and condemning
the general fiscal policy of the admin
istration. Senator Underwood of Ala
bama. in his first Senate speech, vig
orously upheld the law which bears his
name and challenged Republicans to
compare it with the Payne-Aldrich
Race War In Georgia.
Leesburg, Ga.—Sheriff D. R. More
land of Lee county is dead from the
wounds received in a pitched battle
which he and six other white men
fought with negroes in Worth couuty,
across the line from here. The ne
groes escaped. Posses from Lee,
Worth and Dougherty counties are
searching for the negroes, and a re
port, which could not be confirmed,
has reached here that two negroes had
been lynched. Sheriff Moreland was
trying to arrest Jim Keith, a negro
accused of theft by James Dozier, a
Invasion of Egypt.
London.—An Exchange Telegram
dispatch from Amsterdam says Gen.
von der Goltz has established his head
quarters at Aleppo, Syria, where his
Turkish and German troops are equip
ping for the projected invasion of
Hubbard Worth $397,845. '
Toronto, Ont. —The wills of Elbert
Hubbard and his wife, who were
drowned on the liner Lusitania, have
been filed here for ancillary probate,
as both held stock in the Northern
Crown Bank of Canada. The account
of Mr. Hubbard's total estate was de
clared at $397345, and that of Mrs.
Hubbard at $35,745. In each case the
•states were divided equally between
their children, Elbert and Miriam. A
direction in each will read:
sire that my body be cremated and not
buried in the ground.
Fired Blank Shot.
New York.—Officers and passengers
of the American steamship Carolina
that arrived here from Porto Rico
brought first hand details of the stop
ping of that steamer and removal of
her chief steward, Karl Schaade, by
the French cruiser Descartes on Dec.
6. The Carolina, according to Capt J.
O. Foss, was hailed by the Descartes
just after she had passed out of the
three-mile limit, a blank shot being
fired by thé cruiser to call attention
to the signs! to stop.
NO DISAVOWAL BY AUSTRIA
Vienna Give* Full 8upport to Stibma
* rine Commander That Sunk An*
con*—Did HI* Duty.
Vienna.—The Austro-Hungarian ad
miralty is entirely opposed to any dis
avowal of the course of the submarine
commander who was responsible for
the sinking of the Italian steamer An
cona. On the contrary, it approves
his conduct fully and declared that he
would have been considered as having
failed to perform his duty if he had
allowed the Ancona to escape.
The reply to the American note, it
is understood, will be delivered soon.
Indications are that a pessimistic
view of the situation is justified.
The admiralty has stated its case
and attitude of the naval authorities
It is a submarine commander's
duty to make a report to the desig
nated base as soon as possible and
the commander who sank the Ancona
did this as soon as he was within
wireless distance of land. He made
a supplementary report at Pola and
accompanied It with his log. No ex
amination of the crew was held be
cause the commander's report was
considered complete and there was no
reason to suppose that the crew could
add anything thereto.
So far as the commander is con
cerned, his course Is clear. The ad
miralty has received his report and
sees no reason to find any fault with
his course of action.
VILLA ASKS U.S. PROTECTION
Mexican Bandit Leader Would Give
Up Military Command and Seek
Protection on U. S. Soil.
El Paso, Texas.—At a conference of
United States military officers, state
and city authorities and representa
tives of the Carranza and Villa gov
ernments, held here secretly, It was
requested by the Villa delegation that
Gen. Francisco Villa and his brother,
Hipollto Villa, financial agent of the
Villa government, be permitted to
cross the border unharassed by legal,
criminal or civil action.
In return for the immunity of the
Villa brothers the Villa delegation
promised that a new chief will be se
lected to head the Villa movement,
and pledged the leader, when selected,
to turn over the entire military and
civil organization of Villa controlleid
territory to the Caranza govenment
U. S. NEEDS MILLION MEN
Senator Works Makes 8trong Plea For
National Defense—Says Pacific
Coast in Danger.
Washington. — Senator Works of
California in a speech te the Senate
told the members that a standing
army of one million men would be
necessary to defend the United States
against possible invasion and declared
that the Pacific coast was completely
at the mercy of Asiatic attack.
Senator Works spoke on the subject
of national defense, but particularly
to propose as a part of the scheme of
preparedness the creation of a mobile
land force and military reserve of 200,
000 men at the cost of 950,000,000 a
year for ten years.
OFFER TITANIC SETTLEMENT.
White Star Line Agrees to Pay $664,
000 To Claimants.
New York.—The White Star Line
has agreed to pay 9664,000 in settle
ment of all claims arising from the
sinking of the Titanic on April 15,
1912. when more than 1,500 persons
were drowned, George W. Betts, Jr«
attorney for the line, has announced.
Approximately 9500,000 would be dis
tributed among American claimants,
950,000 to British claimants and $114,
000 would be required for interest and
expenses in connection with the nu
Forty-four attorneys, representing
that number of persons out of more
than 60 who have filed claims, hwre
signified their willingness to accept
the settlement terms, it was said.
Japan Will Defend Suez.
Los Angeles.—Japan has entered the
European theater of war with a power
ful fleet, which has been surreptitious
ly sent to the Suez Canal, according to
A. M. Papajian Bey, former minister
of the interior in Egypt, who is at pres
ent in Los Angeles. "Great Britain
realizes that she cannot lose the canal,
which is a vital element In her life as
a unified empire," declared Papajian
Bey. "For that reason the canal has
been remarkably fortified and a Jap
anese fleet is on hand ready for busi
Berlin.—At army headquarters the
announcement is made that the Aus
tro-Hungarian troops are invading
Another Canal Slide.
Panama.—Another slight movement
of material in Gallaird cut now pre
vents the passage of vessels through
the Panama Canal. It is expected that
the canal will be cleared for the tran
sit of vessels within the next few days.
The committee appointed by the
National Acadmy of Science toInvesti
gate the geological formation in the
canal zone and study the subject of
landslides has arrived here.
Greece Arranges To Demobilize.
Athens.—The Greek government has
made all arrangements for the demo
bilization of the army. It is expected
a decree to this effect will be issued
It is learned on good authority that
energetic representations were made
for the purpose of inducing Greece to
hasten action in regard to the facili
ties demanded for the hilled troops at
Saloniki. A decided move on (he part
of the Greek government 4s expected
. }£ : 3- '
ONLY RELATIVES WITNESS CERE
MONY AT THE HOME OF
HONEYMOON IN VIRGINIA
Bridal Couple Leave at Once on Spe
cial Train For Hot Springs—Epis
copal Ceremony Is Used in
Washington, D. C.—President Wil
son and Mrs. Edith Bolling Gait were
married at 8:30 o'clock on the evening
of Dec. 18 and left afterward to spend
their honeymoon at Hot Springs, Va.
The president and his bride traveled
in a private car attached to a special
train leaving here at 11:10 o'clock.
At Hot Springs Mr. and Mrs. Wil
son will live at the Homestead Hotel
until some very urgent business should
necessitate the president's earlier re
turn to the capital. Two of the
White House automobiles were sent
on ahead and the couple expect to
spend their honeymoon motoring, golf
ing and walking over the mountain
guard, the party was accompanied by
one stenographer. The president will
keep in touch with the White House
over special wires.
Because the hour of the wedding
was known to comparatively few peo
ple there was not a large crowd in the
vicinity of the bride's home, although
a large police guard had been pro
All arrangements for the wedding
ceremony were carried out perfectly,
the president arriving at his bride's
home soon after 8 o'clock and the re
mainder of the wedding party, which
numbered less than thirty, followed
soon after. The ceremony was begun
as had been arranged at 8:30.
Mrs. Wilson was married in the
traveling gown she wore to the train.
Took Train in Virginia.
Shortly after 10 o'clock the presi
dent and Mrs. Wilsoh entered a wait
ing White House automobile and mo
tored to Alexandria. Va., across the
Potomac, to take their private Car
there and avoid a crowd at the rail
road station In this city.
After the president and his bride
had departed Secretary Tumulty made
this formal statement on the cere
"The wedding was marked with sim
plicity. It was just such & wedding
as might have taken place In the
home of the humblest American citi
Beside the secret service
The prayer book which the officiat
ing clergyman used was once the projP
erty of the late Judge William H. Bol
ling of Virginia, father of the bride,
and was used at her request.
Several guests added to the list at.
the last moment includes Prof. Stock
ton Axson, a brother of the late Mrs.
Wilson; A. Bolling Galt, tha former a
brother of Mrs. Wilson's first husband,
and Mrs. Tumulty, the wife of Secre
tary Tumulty. One of the added guests
was Matilda Braxton, an old negro
mammy of Wytheville, who has been
a servant in the bride's family all her
The ruse by which fthe wedding
party got away to Alexandria was
complete. When the White House
automobile pulled away from Mrs.
Wilson's house lines of police blocked
pursuit in all the adjoining streets. At
the Union Station the presidential
entrance was fully lighted and lines
of police were spread all about. Those
who were attracted to the railroad
station by the show of preparation
were disappointed, while the president
and Mrs. Wilson were speeding to the
station across the river, ten miles
The president and Mrs. Wilson
boarded their special car at Alexan
dria at 11:40 p.m. and began their
journey to Hot Springs.
No Wedding Attendants.
Everything was in readiness for the
ceremony when the president arrived
at the Galt home and It proceeded
without music. Neither the president
nor Mrs. Galt had any attendants and
there were no ushers or flower girls.
Neither the army, the navy nor the
diplomatic corps was represented and
the occasion wad essentially what both
of the couple had wished it to be—a
On the first floor of the bride's home,
in two communicating rooms, a wed
ding bower had been arranged with
a background of farleyanse and maid
enhair ferns which extended from the
floor to the ceiling. Overhead there
was a canopy of green in the form of
a shell lined with Scotch heather. Iql
the background and at the center was
placed a large mirror framed with or
Ford Ship Proceeds.
London.—Announcement has been
made by the foreign office that the
steamship Oscar II., having on board
the Ford peace party, has been per
mitted to proceed on her voyage to
The foreign office understands the
steamship, has sailed from KirkwalU,
into which port it was taken by the
British authorities. Guarantees were
required that certain parts of the
steamship's cargo must be returned
Relief 8t*am*r Hits Mine.
London.—The Belgian relief commit
tee's steamer Levenpool, from New
York to Rotterdam, has been beached
on the English east coaot in a sinking
condition as a result of striking a
To Protect Citrus Fruit
Washington.—A plea for appropria
tion of several million dollars for the
prevention and eradication of the cit
rus canker in the South and West has
been made befer* the house agricul
chid« and reflecting the scene. Above
the mirror eras a spray .of orchids
across a background of ferns and the
corner« of the canopy were caught
with orchid«. American Beauty rosea
were on both *ld*a of the canopy, be
neath which was a prayer rug on
which the president and Mrs. Galt
knelt during the ceremony.
The Rev. Herbert Bcott Smith, rec
tor of St. Margaret's Protestant Epis
copal Church, of which the bride is a
communicant, was waiting beneath the
canopy to perform the ceremony and
with him, to assist, was the president's
pastor, the Rev. James H. Taylor of
the Central Presbyterian Churoh.
' Mr. William H. Bolling, the bride's
mother, gave her away. The president
stood to the right of the clergymen
and the bride stood on their left^ At
once Dr. Smith began the words of the
Episcopal marriage service, the presi
dent making his responses first and
then the bride making hers. After the
bride promised to "love, cherish and
obey," the president placed the wed
ding ring, a plain band of gold, upon
her finger, and then, after a prayer and
while the couple clasped their right
hands together, Dr. Smith declared
them man and wife. The brief and
simple ceremony was over.
Buffet Supper 8erved.
The entire party then turned to the
dining room, where a buffet supper
was served. The decorations there
were in pink, and on the buffets were
banked growing ferns and pink roses.
The tables were decorated with Lady
Stanley rose blossoms. On a table in
the center was the wedding cake—a
fruit cake several layers high—orna
mented with sprays of pink, orchids in
the center. Mrs. Wilson cut the cake
without formality and no arrangement
was made for bestowing bits of it upon
those other than the wedding party.
During the ceremony and at the
luncheon afterward, during which a
stringed orchestra played, the bride
wore her traveling dress, a black silk
velvet gown, with a picture hat of
black beaver, with no trimmings what
ever except one feather slightly up
turned on the left side. At her throat
she wore the president's wedding gift,
a magnificent diamond brooch.
The skirt of her gown was of walk
ing length and cut on full lines. The
waist had silken embroidery of blue,
shading from the deep tones of royal
blue to delicate shades of pastel and
was threaded with silver.
The lower part of the waist was em
broidered on black net over a band of
silver in the design of lilies, below
which was a girdle of black velvet The
sleeves of the gown were of black net
fashioned in tiny tucks with long, bell
shaped cuffs of embroidered velvet
which came well down over the hand.
Her collar, which was high and up
standing, was of black lace. When
she left on her honeymoon journey
Mrs. Wilson wore over her gown a fur
coat of broad tail with bands of Yu
kon and muff to match. She wore a
Mrs. Wilson's Trousseau Fins.
Upstairs in the bride's house ons
room was set aside for the wedding
gifts, which, despite intimations frpm
the White House^hjgt npthing be sent
by others than relatives and close
friends, ran into the hundreds.
Mrs. Wilson's trousseau is said by
close friends to be magnificent In its
extent and to have cost several thous
and dollars. Most of It is American
made. and the best shops In the United
States were called upon to supply what
the bride's friends say is one of the
largest and most carefully selected
wardrobes ever gathered by any mis
tress of the White House.
There are plain gowns and elaborate
gowns, hats, shoes, parasols, umbrellas,
gloves, veils and other items in ample
number for each and every occasion.
Mrs. Wilson always has been fond of
white and bla<£, but In the selection of
her trousseau she has given considera
tion to the richness of materials rath
er than to consideration of color.
Friends who have seen dinner and re
ception gowns, tailored suits, demi-toi
lettes, fascinating te&gowns and negli
gee creations with slippers in har
mony, in the trousseau, say velvet is
largely featured asti material.
the cabinet members, their wives and
a few friends and relatives of the
, THIRD PRESIDENT TO WED.
Wilton's Marriage Is Thirds In HI*
White House Family.
Washington, D. C.—Woodrow Wilson
is the third president to be married
during his term of office. President
Tyler waB the first and President
Cleveland was the other. Mr. Tyler,
like Mr. Wilson, was left a widow
during his term. Two years later, in
1844, in New York City, he was mar
ried to Miss Julia Gardiner, who then
presided at the White House func
tions during the last year of her hus
band's term of office.
Graver Cleveland's marriage to Miss
Frances Folsom took place in the
Blue Room of the executive mansion.
It was comparatively a private' affair,
for the invited guests included only
Third Wedding In Wilson Family.
President Wilson's wedding is the
third in his family since he took office.
The first White House wedding of his
term was that of his second daughter,
Jessie Woodrow Wilson, to Francis
Bowes Sayre, and the other was that
of hia youngest daughter, Eleanor, to
Secretary McAdoo. The president
now has two grandchildren, the little
son of the Sayres and the baby daugh
ter of the McAdoos.
The president and his bride are
Virginians by birth. He was born at
Staunton 59 years ago this month
China Between Flrea.
Peking.—China is much disturbed
by the rumors of serious uprisings in
India. All telegrams concerning the
Indian troubles intimate that the dis
turbance is the result of German ac
tivities made possible through the
smuggling of arms from China.
English newspapers charge the Chi
nese officials with negligence In not
preventing Germans from exporting
arms and ammunition and intimate
that the Chinese are entirely toe
friendly with German agents.
ACCEPT U. S. VIEW
WASHINGTON AGAIN MAKE8 DE
MANDS FOR DISAVOWAL, REP
SECOND ANCONA NOTE SENT
Vienna Must Follow Understanding of
Submarine Warfare Adopted By
Washington. — Immediate acquies
cence by Austria-Hpngary in the prin
ciples governing submarine warfare
agreed to by the United States and
Germany is demanded in the second
Ancona note, which has been sent to
This is the basic proposition ad
vanced in the new note, in which the
United States firmly reiterates its de
mands for disavowal, reparation and
punishment of the submarine
There is only one opinion In Wash
ington as to the outcome unless Aus
tria changes front. It is declared with
gravest emphasis by officials concern
ed with the Ancona negotiations that
Austria must adopt the views of the
United States on submarine warfare
and apply them in the case of the sub
marine that attacked the Ancona, or
the United States will cease to deal
diplomatically with the Austrian gov
The new chapter written into inter
national law by the submarine nego
tiations establishes principles so con
crete, offic als said, that there can be
no compromise or "discussion" of law.
These principles were stated in defi
nite terms to Germany and through
Germany to Austria-Hungary.
It was stated by officials of the ad
ministration whose words carry weight
that Austria cannot plead ignorance of
the views of this government on the
international law applicable In the
case of the Ancona.
It was said Secretary of State Lans
ing sent from time to time to the Aus
trian embassy at Washington copies
of the most drastic of the notes to Ger
many on the submarine issue,
state department regarded this as "of
ficial delivery" and notification to the
Austro-Hungarian foreign office of the
American point of view.
MAY NOT ENTER GREECE
Bulfgrs Will Avoid Greeks' Wrath by
Not Pursuing Retreating Anglo*
London.—With the Anglo-French
forces safely across the Greek fron
tier and close to their strongly for
tifled base at Saloniki, where re-en
forcements are arriving daily, the sec
ond phase of the Balkan campaign,
which opened with the Teutonic inva
sion of Servla and the defeat of her
army, has closed and the people of the
belligerent countries are anxiously
waiting for the next move.
It Seems fairly well settled that the
Bulgarians do not intend to invade
Greece, an action which would likely
cause dissensions in that country,
which already is uneasy over the Bul
garian occupation of Monastir. Also
it Is not believed that the Austrians
and Germans have sufficient troops
available to attack the entente allies.
The speculation naturally has to do
with the Germans and their inten
tions. They are variously reported to
be concentrated near Monastir and
Doiran and on the Roumanian border,
and as preparing for an attempt to
drive the entente allies from the Gal
lipoli peninsula. All these reports
One thing seems certain to the mili
tary observers—that the Germans will
have to keep a close watch on the Rou
manian side, not only because of the
danger of that country entering the
war against them, but ,to meet the
threat of a Russian invasion through
Roumania, which, although nothing
has been said of it recently, has not
been lost sight of.
Wherever the Germans move they
will find the entente allies prepared.
Saloniki is being made stronger daily
and has the backing of warships, as
also has the Gallipoli penisula, where
the entente positions likewise have
been strengthened. The Russians are
believed by the military authorities to
be able to cope with any army the Teu
tonic powers can collect on the Rou
manian border, while Egypt, which Is
said to be another of their objectives,
also has been placed in a state of de
Preparedness Is Opposed.
New York.—The trustees of the
Church Peace Union, representing 29
church organizations, in session here,
have passed resolutions protesting
against any increase in the army or
Keep Austrian Prisoners.
Paris.—A division of the Servian ar
mlet, escorting 18,000 Austrian pris
and Elbassan, In Albania, according
to a dispatch from Janina, Albania.
of war, has arrived at Tirana
Turk Ship Sunk*
Paris.—The correspondent at Ath
of the Milan Secdo says a Ger
submarine has been sunk in the
Black sea, off the Bulgarian port of
Varna, and that a Turkish torpedo
boat has been sunk In the Sea of Mar
mora by the British.
The Turkish cruiser Sultan Selim,
formerly the German warship Goeben,
came out into the Black sea, the cor
respondent adds, and was torpedoed,
though the vessel was not seriously
PREDICT FIGHTING IN WEST
Report* From Neutral Countries Say
Germane Are Transferring Men
ana Gun* to French Line.
London.—While the diplomate In
Greece and Roumania are engaged in
new deals which will decide the next
step in the Balkan operations, there
is increasing evidence that the Ger
mane, very restive, are preparing new
strokes on both the eastern and weet
rn fronts, or at least a concentration
of their forces to strike when ctftdi
tiens are propitious.
Dispatches from Petrograd note
German activity, particularly In the
Dvinsk district, which would accord
with the German ambition to reach
the line of the Dvina river, while all
accounts from neutral countries men
tion a continued movement of men
and guns to the west. In the latter
theater of operations it seems only a
question at what points the offensive
is to be taken.
Many persons believe that the Ger
mans, having found the lines in Flan
ders and Artois nuts too hard to crack,
contemplate moving in the Saint Ml
hiel region, where their line penetrates
to the River Meuse and where there
has been considerable activity during
the last few days. The only thing
argued against this is that the river
has been at flood and the French have
been systematically destroying the
bridges as they were rebuilt.
Thus far, however, there has been
little more doing than the usual min
ing and bombing operations and aerial
fighting in the west.
EXPECT BLOW AT SALONIKA
Austro-German* May Soon Strike An
glo-French on Greek Soil—Ital
ians In Albania.
London.—There is a more hopeful
feeling in London with regard to the
Balkan operations now that it is defi
nitely announced that the Italians
have effected a landing on the Alba
nian coast and that the Anglo-French
force, which has fallen back toward
Saloniki, has been strongly reen
forced with men and guns, including
some heavy naval weapons.
It is not stated how large a force
the Italians will send to the assistance
of the Servians and Montenegrins, but
from the fact that the official account
intimates that landings have been
made at more than one port, it is taken
for granted that an army of consider
able proportions is to be sent across
the Adriatic. This, with the Montene- j
grins and Servians who escaped from
Albania, will be a serious threat to
the central powers' right flank, while
they can never look on in idleness to
the concentration of an army at Sa
loniki, which, at a chosen moment,
would undertake an offensive, and to
the gathering of Russians in Bessara
R Is anticipated, therefore, that the
Germans will strike at Saloniki before
the Anglo-French forces grow too
strong, and it is believed with that
end in view they are now negotiating
with the Greek government.
If their plans include the participa
tion of the Bulgarians in the attack,
they are likely to meet with opposition
from Greece, as Greece is strongly
adverse to any Bulgarians crossing
her frontier. This applies also to
some extent to the Austrians, whose
ambitions always have been for a port
on the Aegean, preferably Saloniki.
GEN. HAIG SUCCEEDS FRENCH
Commander of First Army Takes Com
mand of All British Forces in
France and Flanders.
London.—Field Marshal Sir John
French, who, at his own request, has
been relieved of the command of the
British forces in France and Flanders,
has been succeeded by Gen. Sir Doug
las Haig. Since the landing of the ex
peditionary force Sir Douglas Haig
has commanded the first army and
has been repeatedly mentioned in dis
patches by his chief, whose place he
Sir John French becomes command
er-in-chief of the armies in the United
Kingdom and for his 16 months' serv
ices at the front he has been created
viscount of the United Kingdom.
Sir Douglas Haig is nine years
younger than his former chief, and,
like him, won his spurs as a cavalry
officer. His first commission was in
the Seventh Hussars, and, as has been
the case with most British officers of
high rank, he saw service in the Su
dan, India and Africa.
Two Are Executed.
Ossining, N. Y.—Worthy Tooley of
Athens, N. Y., and Ludwig Marquardt
of Kingston, N. Y., murderers, have
been put to death by electricity at
Sing Sing prison.
Tooley murdered John Hallenbeck
at Athens last year. Marquardt killed
Mrs. Nellie Paulis of Kingston.
Serb King in Rome.
Rome.—Persistent reports are circu
lating that King Peter of Servia is to
take his temporary residence in Rome
and that the Servian government and
parliament la about to be transferred
to this city.
Cholera Killed Many.
Washington.—Because native Fili
pino health officers failed to cope with
an epidemic of cholera in the Islands
within the last year, there were 10,
000 deaths, Capt R. C. Helebower told
the senate Philippine committee.
Destroyer Sunk Aiding Transport.
Rome.—Detavtt, Just announced,
concerning the sinking of the Italian
transport Re Umberto and the Italian
destroyer Intrepido In the Adriatic sea
recently, show that the destroyer was
blown up by a floating mine when she
rushed to the rescue of the steamer,
after the latter bad struck a mine and
was about to go down. The captain
and the crew of the Re Umberto re
mained aboard the vessel until the
STATE'S RECEIPTS ARE HALF MIL*
LION BELOW DISBURSEMENTS
FOR TWO YEARS.
DR. POWERS CHARITY HEAD
Prominent Jackson Man Succeed*
Gov. Brewer as First Official of
the Mississippi Children's
The biennial report of State Treas
urer P. S. Stovall, for the fiscal years
of 1913 and 1915, is now ready for the
legislature, and copies are being sent
out. The report shows that receipts
were more than half a million dollars
below disbursements, and that there
was a falling off in receipts in several
In his report State Treasurer Sto
vall makes a number of recommenda
tions. among them being one to create
a tax equalization board.
The largest item of decrease in re
ceipts is in the penitentiary account.
Receipts from Oct. 1, 1914. to Oct. 1.
1915, falling short of the receipts
from Oct 1, 1913, to Oct. 1, 1914, the
sum of $355,394.12. The disburse
ments for the same period show a de
crease of $151,843.25. Total receipts
for the two years amounted to 91 , 012 ,
425.70 and disbursements were 9687,
148.71, making a net profit to the
state of 9325,276.99 for the two years.
The next heaviest decrease in re
ceipts is shown in the following funds :
Privilege taxes, $89,739.33; trust and
combine fines, 982,969.33; insurance
department, 933,564.48, and the land
j tion of Dr. Powers was unanimous,
lot and a donation of 910,000 for &
home for the fatherless and mother
Succeeds Brewer as Charity Head.
Dr. R. V. Powers of Jackson will suc
ceed Gov. Earl Brewer as president of
the Mississippi Children's Home So
ciety. Dr. Powers was elected presi
dent of the society at a meeting of
the board of directors held in the gov
ernor's office in the statehouse last
week, as it was decided that the office
of president should be filled by a man
who lives here, and Gov. Brewer will
be here but a month longer. The elec
Dr. Powers recently gave a large
less children, where they could be
properly cared for during the period
when the superintendent was trying
to find suitable homes for them.
Has Marketing Bill.
R. B. Cotton, member of the legisla
ture from Alcorn county, has prepared
a bill to be Introduced during the 1916
session, entitled "An Act to Provide a
Uniform System of Co-Operative Mar
kets," and which, if enacted into law,
will go far to place Mississippi In the
front ranks so far as the marketing of
farm produce is concerned. The Idea
of the bill is to assist farmers in get
ting a market when It is generally
The organization of the system 1»
placed in the hands of the state com
missioner of agriculture, and he is em
powered to appoint his assistants and
fix their compensation. These officers
will constitute the State Association
and will have power to assist and in
struct in the organization of clubs,
warehouses, elevators, creameries,
canning factories, live stock produc
ing and shipping associations, but un
der whatsoever name organized the
association shall prefix the word "Co
operative," and be under the supervis
ion of the state organization.
The idea is that to make these mar
keting clubs or associations of any real
merit or assistance to the producers
it is necessary to have the indorsement
and backing of the state.
Proposes County Maps.
State Auditor Duncan L. Thomp
son has prepared a bill which will be
introduced In the next legislature that
will provide that boards of supervis
ors of the counties' have accurate maps
of each county made, giving detailed
information regarding roads, bridgea
telephone lines, etc.
Heavy Criminal Docket.
An unusually heavy criminal docket
was called in the supreme court on
Dec. 20, and it contained qiany caser
of local and statewide interest.
Captains National Guard.
Jackson.—Gov. Brewer has issued a
commission for E. T. Bartlett of Lau
rel as captain in the National Guard
of the state of Mississippi. Capt. Bart
lett, who has been on the unassigned
list, has been assigned to the com
id and of Company E, at Laurel, a
Governor Works on Christmas Pardons
Gov. Bail Brewer has returned from
a stay of several days at Clarksdale,
in the delta, and has taken up for con
sideration a large number of pardon
The governor, on th* eve of-Christ
mas, is being besieged, as usual, with
petitions far Christmas pardons, many
convicts hoping that he will be unusu
ally lenient at this season of the year.
He is making careful investigation of
all pardon petitions, but how many he
will grant he has not Indicated.
MISSISSIPPI STATE BREVITIES
A new school building to be erected
at Clinton will cost shout $12,009. Ar
chitects are now working on the plans.
Maggie Hickey, aged 68, a negro
woman, was burned to death at Water
Vallely while at home alone and sick,
Earl Land, the 17-year-old Columbus
boy who was accidentally shot while
hunting. Is improving steadily.
The income tax records show that
.Mississippi has one Individual whose
annual income is from $75,000 to 9100*
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