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PO&T GIBSON REVEILLE. PORT GIBSON.
HE GUIDES the NATIONS ARMY ☆ o <3 S" ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ☆ 'TH IS is a sketch of New ton D. Baker ; President PCilson's new Secretary of fVar, for merly Mayor of / \ Cleveland / EWTON D. BAKER," I had been told by a man well acquainted with him, "is the kind of thoroughly good citi zen we all approve of highly—and fail to imitate! He has lofty ideals. He has high principles. He is utterly sincere. He is simple and unaffected both in thought and life. He has a clear, well-disciplined mind. He has an extraordinary command of concise and effective speech. Without being in the least effusive, he is a good mixer. You will find him full of charm. Out in Cleveland he lived in a modest frame house with his wife and three children, smoked flake tobacco in a 25-cent pipe, drove his own Ford, and for amusement read Greek and Latin books on the street cars. Thomas in the New York World. 'It is interesting to notice," my informant added, "that he is the second of Tom Johnson's disciples to be lifted into prominence by President Wilson. Brand Whitlock is the other. It is hardly ation to say that Brand Whitlock, in Belgium, has proved himself a great man. Will Baker be as successful in the war department? Frarfkly, much as I like him personally, I am wondering whether he will measure up to the job. What he has done he has done well, been tested out in really big affairs. Has he the capacity for them? You know a .38-caliber volver may be a perfect weapon—as a revolver— but fall lamentably if pressed into service as a seacoast gun! Is Newton D. Baker big enough to be secretary of war at a time like this? That's what I'm asking myself. That's what the country is asking itself, I think. Naturally those remarks ran through my head as I talked with the new secretary of war last week. I saw him twice, once in his modest bed room at »the University club, where he is living for the present as a bachelor "because the children are in school in Cleveland and we don't want to break into their year." The second time he was in his office in the war department, the office to which one penetrates through that dread ante chamber where hang the portraits of all the previ ous incumbents of the office. On both occasions I got the same impression of the physical man. Nature, in molding his body, did a neat job. He is a markedly small man, but in proportion all the way through. His littleness carries no suggestion of the dwarfish. His head is large, but not enough so to make him look top heavy. His hands and feet are of moderate size, well formed and muscular. He has a chest big enough to breathe in, a waist which carries no adipose luggage. His skin is swarthy, his hair black and straight. A pair of hazel eyes full of life, but comprehensive rather than keen; the wide mouth of an orator or actor, mobile yet firm of lip; the brow of a scholar; a face in general In which the perpendicular lines of strength are ac centuated, a manner at once dignified and friendly, a bearing which I should call attentive rather than alert—these are the characteristics of the outward 4 Thus runs an article by Rowland exagger But—he has never re »* man. His mentality is not so easily characterized. I shall have to try to bring it out for you in a series of rather detached glimpses, as he himself re vealed it to me in the course of our conversation. Our talk ranged over many topics. We had, for instance, been speaking of the extraordinary amount of reading of standard English authors he had done before he was twenty years old, and I asked him whether the familiarity of his mother tongue thus acquired had not been an important element in his various successes. He said: "I think that is true. Ability to express myself ef fectively in speech has been of great value to me. ■ This led to a brief sketch of his personal his tory. Mr. Baker was born in 1871 in Martinsburg, W. Va., a community of 8,000 persons, wherein his father was the leading physician. He was the second of four sons. At the age of twenty, in 1891, he received his degree of Bachelor of Arts from Johns Hopkins university, having completed the four years course in three years. Followed a year of graduate work in Roman law, comparative jurisprudence and economics, and then his law course, which he took at Washington and Lee uni versity, completing the two years' work in one year. "That compression," he told me, "was done for family reasons. Money was not plentiful in a country doctor's family, and there were other sons to educate. Mr. Baker hung out his shingle in Martinsburg to indicate that he was "willing to practice law," as he puts it, and remained in that receptive condi tion until 1896, the last year of the Cleveland ad ministration, when Postmaster General Wilson called him to Washington to be his private sec I divided my two cases between the other After his graduation in 1893 retary. members of the local bar," he told me, "and went. In 1899 Mr. Baker was Invited to come to Cleve land, O., as a partner with Foran & McTigue, one of the city's leading firms of trial lawyers. He went there, met Tom Johnson and was magne tized; by that association was drawn into local politics and had fourteen years of active cam paigning there, serving four terms as city solicitor under Mayor Johnson and two terms as mayor after his chief was deposed. He declined to run for a third term, and had just resumed his law practice at the beginning of this year when he was called to Washington. Returning to our topic, I asked him to what other qualities besides his ability as a speaker he felt indebted for what he had accomplished. He pondered that and said: » - MAKES WORK FOR LAUNDRIES. It would naturally be expected that the owners of laundries would oppose any device that would tend to make washing of clothes at home easier. On the other hand, it has developed that the laundry owners are in favor of vhe electric iron and credit a good deal of increased business to this appliance. In numbers of cases the house keepers are ridding themselves of a weekly bug bear by sending their work to the laundries to be returned "rough dry," finishing it At their leisure. In this way the laundries get consider able work which otherwise would never come to them. ft ■ &ir\' Er: : m pp! , . ; / ■ M w.fgjp & r 'll i ; $s m m - : - , m / ■ m MS & <:k'9X : ■ wm. - - m m - :£ •: M V ill ■ . m * n I ■■ m % ...■ , ■ ••• - ■ ' v& : ' > X .. M: mm ■ ■ Sx*': .. ' ©or . ftftftl ft ft ^ecr&àarY ☆ ftr if "Looking at myself impersonally, I am inclined to think I have a very patient mind. I mean by that a mind which moves slowly, which plods for ward instead of dashing or leaping. There is noth ing brilliant about it. A brilliant mind, it strikes me, is like a thoroughbred horse, good for a race but afterward needing to be stabled for a day or two. My mind is like a plow horse. It cannot spurt, but It can go on turning furrow after fur row. That lets me get through a lot of work. By a patient mind," he went on, "I also mean a mind which does not leap to attitudes and deci sions, but feels its way. And a mind which does not get its back up easily. Opposition does not, make my mind bristle. A difference of opinion is not a personal thing with me. And I think," he said, his dark eyes twinkling and his wide lips quirking with fun, "it has been a very decided advantage to me to be so little and to look so young. I really mean that," he hastened to add and cited two Instances in illustration. One was his argument before the Supreme court of the United States in the Cleveland traction cases, an argument which attracted the flattering favorable comment of the learned justices. The other was a speech which was one of the outstanding features of the Baltimore convention which nominated President Wilson. "Neither of those," he commented, "could by any stretching of words be called a great speech. The natural fairmindedness of men was what pulled me through in both cases. I looked so handicapped that my hearers said instinctively, 'Give the boy a chance!'" Such cool, almost academic self-analysis led me to ask him how life struck him, so to speak— what ambitions it stirred in him. "I'd like to prac tice law," he said. "That is my one ambition. There is no office or position that I care for. But I'd like to practice and practice and practice law." Further talk along that line developed the rather interesting fact that the new secretary of war is one of those men who seem to have been moved forward by the urgings and propulsion of their friends instead of fighting forward of their own accord in response to an inner impulse. Post master General Wilson all but dragged him from his brieflessness ln Martinsburg to get his first taste of cabinet ways and duties and responsibili ties. Martin Foran dragged him to Cleveland to become a trial lawyer. Tom Johnson dragged him into politics. And Woodrow Wilson has just dragged him to the war department. The circumstances of the Foran case are un usual enough to partake of the romantic. In 1897, when the young and still younger looking attorney was returning from his first visit to Europe, he was table mate of the late W. T. Stead and a mild mannered, retiring English barrister. One day Baker came on deck to find the barrister in a peck of trouble. A stalwart, lawyerish, six-foot Irish man, full of Gaelic fire, had waylaid him and was charging him, in his own person, with all the wrongs England had ever perpetrated on the dis tressful country. "I happened to be rather fa miliar with the Irish land laws," so Mr. Baker tells It, "and contrived to substitute myself for the barrister in the argument. The upshot of it was that my opponent and I became good friends and spent the rest of the voyage playing chesa together. We parted in New York. I went back to Martinsburg, and no word passed between us for two years. Then the man—Martin Foran— wrote me the firm's business had so increased that another partner was required and that he wanted me. I had long felt I should be in a larger com- , munity than Martinaburg, and I liked Cleveland, but I knew they wanted a trial lawyer, which I was not So I went on full of excuses, prepared to thank him and be dismissed in friendliness. Before I could get my first excuse out Mr. Foran had ushered me into an office and said, 'Here's yours,' and before I caught my breath he had sent some clients in for me to talk with. I stayed in Cleveland and learned to be a trial lawyer. His enlistment as an active fighter In the John son camp was equally casual. "Tom" was sick one night, and the young lawyer was pressed into service to fill his place at a rally. "Tom's sick," aaid the man who introduce^ him. "This Is New ton D. Baker, who's going to speak in his place. u «< COATING STRUCTURAL STEEL. A new process of coating structural steel or any other exposed metal with zinc Is being introduced to those who are Interested in such matters, and it is attracting considerable attention because of the ease and thoroughness with which the opera tion is performed, even after the metal has been put in place. Powdered zinc, compressed air and heat are the three elements which are used in the process, and the zinc is driven through a gas burner by the air, where it Is instantly reduced to a liquid state, and as it strikes any surface cap able of sustaining the force i^ adheres and cools at once. ftr if He's a lawyer. That's all I know about him. Go ahead, boy, and tell them what you know." Baker told them, and so began the activities which led to four terms as solicitor and legal leader of the antitraction combine forces and two terms as , mayor. I asked Mr. Baker how the mayor of Cleveland's job compared with that of the secretary of war. "I love personal relationships. One ,of the pleasantest things about being mayor of a city the size of Cleveland is the great number of people with whom it puts one into touch. At the war department I find a large part of my duties is taken up with seeing people. I am very glad that is so. I like to see people constantly. Of course," he explained, "I don't mean that flocks of casual visitors drop in to see me here. But the business of the department brings many people to me daily." I had meant to ask him how the two positions compared in size an^ftifflculty. He was non committal on that point, and I suggested that at least he did not Seem appalled by the size of his new task, even though the Mexican situation had given him a baptism of fire for a greeting. He said: "I am not appalled. No man can hope to escape mistakes. Mistakes are inevitable. I know I shall make some. But the only things one need be really afraid of are insincerities and indirectness. Also, it Is well to remember that unfamiliar tasks have a way of looking mountainous. Familiarity reduces their proportions. At present I am work ing here from half past eight in the morning till midnight to become familiar with mine. That slow mind of mine," he said smilingly, "compels me to put in those long hours." "What is your idea of the functions of the secre tary of war?" "The duties," he said, "are largely legal. Almost all the secretaries have been lawyers. (He cited the names of many, from Stanton down to his predecessor, Garrison.) Strictly military affairs are not my province. Experts must care for those things. Legal questions—touching the conflict ing rights of state and federal governments, the navigability of streams, the proceedings of courts martial—such things comprise the problems I have to settle I am an executive. Congress has made laws governing my department. It is my duty to see that they are carried out conscientiously." About "preparedness" he felt obliged to decline to say a word, and I reminded him of an interview in which he was recently quoted as saying that he was "for peace at almost any price. "So I am;" he answered stoutly, "because peace seems to me the reasonable thing. I do not say that war is always avoidable. It seems to come sometimes as earthquakes come —a natural cata clysm. The French revolution, I think, was such a war. But war is always regrettable. Peace is what spells progress. We have to advance step by step. I do not think we can hope to force ad vancement by violence. And I believe that some times we shall have a court of nations, and no more wars. Was it Lowell said: 'The telegraph gave the world a nervous system?' As our world gets better co-ordinated by Intercommunication, we shall have fewer 2 of the misunderstandings which cause wars. Constantly, as we talked, alike in his domicile and in his office, the new secretary's unpretentious pipe was in his mouth. Constantly his knees crooked and his feet curled up to comfortable posi tions on radiator top and desk top. Though there was always dignity about him, we might have been two undergraduates charting together. His atti tude was not suggestive of lounging or of affected carelessness. It was, I thought, the bodily ease which is apt to reflect outwardly the mental states of self-unconsciousness and serene self-confidence. As city solicitor of Cleveland, In the traction mat ters, he fought the mobilized legal big guns of Ohio to a standstill. As mayor he forced the peo ple to retain him until he had done what he set out to do. To be secretary of war just now, to be lifted at one step from local into national prominence at a critical moment like the present, is a far more searching test of his capacities than any he has yet undergone. HIGH FLYER8. Lots of men go up in the air with the aid of airships. Death has evidently traded his pale horse for an aeroplane. The man with a boil on the back of his Beck derives no pleasure from scanning the heaveni for aircraft IN THE 8AME BOAT. The Overbearing Lawyer—Ignuranee of the law excuses no one! The Culprit—I'll be sorry for you, then, if yon ever get in trouble.—Browning's Magazine. INTELLIGENT DRUGGISTS KNOW WHAT KIDNEY MEDICINE TO USE of at $9 I have been selli Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root for six and one-hall years and my customers are always satisfied with the results obtained from the use the medicine and speak favorably re ding it. I have used it for "pain in the bock" and a bottle or two out me in f ood shape and made me feel fine again. believe Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root will cure anv cases for which it is recommend ed if they are not of too long standing. Very truly yours, FRANK JENKINS, Druraist, Pilgrim, Texas. of Kar November 11th, 1915. Prove Whst Swamp-Root Will Do For You Send ten cents to Dr. Kilmer 4 Co., Binghamton. N. Y., for a sample size bot tle. It will convince anvone. You will also receive a booklet of valuable infor mation, telling about the kidneys and blad der. When writing, be sure and mention this paper. Regular fifty-cent and one dollar size bottles for sale at all drug stores.—Adv. •A Interviewing a Humorist. Good morning, Wagge. What's on the carpet today?" asked Bingleton. "Dust," said Wagge. "Clever boy^ But I mean what have you on foot." "8hoes," said Wagge, solemnly. O, come off, Wagge. What are you up to these days?" Date," sighed Waggo. I'll give you just one more chance, you poor Frivol, you. What are you doing now?" Everybody," said Wagge. As usual, eh?" said Bingleton, as he shoved the remains down the near est available coalhole.—New York Times. he I up 4' ■ That's Different. I'm trying to sell that house I bought last year. I thought It would be an easy matter, but it isn't." "What made you think it would be «< easy. "Well, the agent didn't have any trouble selling it to me." Happy Thought. "Money talks, old man," "Happy thought! I'll get mine to talk into a phonograph and save the record." or Mercenary. Don't the bonds of matrimony in terest you?" "They might if they paid a cash div ti for idend. ■ KING BEE BUZZINGS Make~a'5^;line to the-store^L tfiat,sells.KINGBEEand f 'll . o cr t acco. E> « ore ■s A K V < c Hi N * i 2! \\ % be so sweet* that a smoke can.be so smooth MademJVew OAeansi and Fresh asHaneif * > ! The Mildest»of Tine Cut \ Smokings ChewingTobacco *» % < Nl IS * n I IV, MO» n->i rrn sjçtf é t • < y i'-. \ N „ii V/I* VI . asta ■ I^TILDTÔBACCO m \ r ë U/ r y 1' t» ft 4'f V Ï W.R.IRBYf Branch New Orleans. Tobacco Cp.Si iccct^t H 6.. A ; \ L % Alaska Rich In Furs. Alaska is the great fur-bearing sec tion of the United States. It pro duces about $1,000,000 worth of furs annually. These include all varieties from squirrel pelts of an average value of eight cents each to black fox pelts at from $250 to $1,260 each. The fur output in 1913 included 2,600 bear Bkins valued at over $33,000 at from $9 for brown bear skins to $40 for the grizzly or polar bear. The greatest fur market of the United States is at St. Louis, but of the v.nrld is in Lon don. The war in Europe has cut the price of Alaska furs about 60 per cent this year. Some fox pelts bring very high prices and are much sought after. —Leslie's. Strenuous. "What do you mean by referring to Wiggins as an athlete? The only game he can play is pinochle, and you'd hardly call that an athletio sport." "It Is the way Wiggins plays it. You ought to see him pound the table when he trumps the other lellow's ace. », Whenever You Need a General Tonic Take Grove's The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless chill Tonic is equally valuable as a Gen eral Tonic because it contains the well known tonic properties of QUININE and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and Builds up the Whole System. SO cents. 1 Heard in the Hotel Barber Shop. Porter—Boss, you sho' am dusty. Patron of the Hotel—All right, George; you may brush off about ten cents' worth. DONT GAMBLE that your heart's all right. Make sure. Take "Renovine"—a heart and nerve tonic. Price 50c and $1.00.—Adv. After a man gets about so full he can make himself believe that other men think he is perfectly sober. FITS, BPILFF8Y, FAILING STCKNESS Stopped Quickly. Fifty years of uninterrupted success ofT)r. Kline's Hpilepsr Medicine Insures lastinij results. Larok Trial Bottle Kkee. UR. KLINK COMPANY, Red Baak, N. J.-Ady. She is a wise woman who can laugh or cry just at the psychological mo ment. It's a short street that has no turn for the organgrinder. (r BE©M BOT WATEl MINKIN© IF TOD DONT FEEL KI©!T Says glass of hot water with phosphate before breakfast washes out poisons. t If you wake up with a bad taste, bad breath and tongue is coated; if your head is dull or aching; if what you eat sours and forms gas and acid in stom ach, or you are bilious, constipated, nervous, sallow and can't get feeling just right, begin drinking phosphated hot water. Drink before breakfast, A glass of real hot water with a tea spoonful of limestone phosphate in it. This will flush the poisons and toxins from stomach, liver, kidneys and bow els and cleanse, sweeten ,and purify the entire alimentary tract. Do your Inside bathing immediately upon aris ing in the morning to wash out of the system all the previous day's poison ous waste, gases and sour bile before putting more food into the stomach. To feel like young folks feel; like you felt before your blood, nerves and muscles became loaded with body im purities, get from your druggist or storekeeper a quarter pound of lime stone phosphate which Is inexpensive and almost tasteless, except for a sourish tinge which is not unpleasant. Just as soap and hot water act on the skin, cleansing, sweetening and freshening, so hot water and lime stone phosphate act on the stomach, liver, kidneys and bowels. Men and women who are usually constipated, bilious, headachy or have any stomach disorder should begin this inside bath ing before breakfast. They are as sured they will become real cranks on the subject shortly.—Adv. Don't Worry. "Oh, Mr. Robinson, somebody has stolen your car." "That's all right. The thief will bring it back when he finds tut how much gasoline it takes to run it." Someone Always Celebrating. "When is Independence day?" "Oh, divorces are being granted all the time." — Boston Evening Tran script.