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HOW MANY HOGS CAN BE CARRIED ON ACRE
t mm •> •V » flflfl g» *> v Ho \ ■ A. UX. . V , J - '2m j vA> V mm * MS rc. gag wm& Pigs on Cowpeas at Weaning Time. (By W. R. DODSON. Louisiana Experi * ment Station.) One of the most frequent questions asked in regard to grazing is, "How many hogs will an acre carry?" It is impossible to answer such a general question in a very definite way. It can be answered approximately in the following way. Hogs from eight to twelve months old ought to average a pound and a half to two pounds of grain per day during the fattening period. We know approximately the amount of food re quired to make this amount of grain, and if we make a guess of the yield we can make an appropriate guess of the number of hogs required to con sume the crop in a given time. A crop of 25 bushels of com, with the ac companying cowpeas, ought to make 400 pounds of pork, or be the equiva lent of feed for one hog for 200 days. If we want to consume that amount in 30 days, It would require seven hogs. If the hogs are of mixed ages, includ ing pigs, it will carry an average of ten to twelve hogs per acre. Peanuts would make a little more pork per acre than corn, but when the carbohy drates are added to more nearly bal ance the ration, the pigs will be main tained for as long a time on peanuts as the corn will carry them. The same acreage in sweet potatoes will carry the hogs from one and one-half to two times as long as an acre of com, if the ONE-CROP SYSTEM NOT SAFE Objections Qiven by Bradford Knapp at Conference of Bankers—Diver sification Is Remedy. Seven objections to a one-crop sys tem of agriculture are set forth in Cir cular No. 56 of the office of the sec retary, which is a reprint of an ad dress delivered by Bradford Knapp at a conference of southern bankers. The reasons why a one-crop system is unsafe are stated by Mr. Knapp to be as follows: "First—Because the system de pends upon market and crop condi tions of the one crop alone. Failure of crop or failure of market alike bring serious disaster. "Second—Because it fails to provide for the maintenance of soil fertility. I "Third—Because it fails to provide for a sufficient live-stock Industry to consume the waste products of the farm and make Its waste lands pro ductive. "Fourth—Because it does not pro vide for a system of farm manage ment under which labor, teams, and tools may be used to the fullest advan tage. "Fifth—Because it brings return in cash, but once a year instead of turn ing the money over more than once a year. "Sixth—Because it does not pro duce the necessary foods to supply the people upon the farm and keep them in health and strength. "Seventh—It limits knowledge, nar rows citizenship, and does not footer home building, but does encourage commercial farming." The remedy for these evils is diver sification. .means something else than a change from growing cotton to growing some thing else. One Louisiana man, who believed that he was a convert to di versification, planted 500 acres of to matoes. In other Instances farmers turned from cotton to corn and had nothing else for sale in the fall. This, of course, is not diversification at all. Diversification, however. KEEP HENS FREE FROM LICE Fowls Should Be Examined and Dust ed Thoroughly With Good Pow der or Blue Ointment. Examine the pullets and hens for lice, and dust thoroughly with a good inqect powder, or apply a mixture of two parts vaseline and one part mer curial or blue ointment, about the size of a pea, one inch below the vent of the bird, rubbing the mixture light ly on the skin. An application of this ointment two or three times a year will keep the fowls free from lice. Where insect powder is used, it should be applied three or four times a year, or oftener If the fowls become Infested. Provide a small box in the honse partly filled with dry road dust or fine dirt in which the hens may dust, thus helping to keep themselves free from lice. Caring for Grade Cow. You can feed and care for a good grade cow so that she will be more profitable than a full-blood, half starved. The man is at the bottom of his own success. Breeding a Dairy Heifer. • Let the dairy heifer have plenty of growth before breeding—two years old is better than eighteen months. When Hens Do Their Beet. Hens lay a few more eggs when males are not used in the pens. potatoes are supplemented with proper protein-bearing lood. good average land, one can carry from ten to twelve head of mixed hogs per acre through the fattening stage. On poor land the number would be re duced, and on rich land, the number would be increased. . The amount of winter grazing that can be secured is very variable, be ing influenced very largely by the amount of growing wêather that pre vails during the winter. In general, two sows with accompanying pigs can Therefore, on . f Healthy Lot of Pigs, Raised by Loui siana Member of Boys' Pig Club. be carried per acre. If there is an abundance of favorable growing weather, cattle may be required to help keep the pasture grazing down. It will, therefore, be seen that with this system of cropping, there is a pretty good balance of the carrying capacity of the land, with the avail able supply of hogs for grazing. VALUE OF CREAM SEPARATOR Ae Much Milk Obtained From Four Cows Where Machine Is Used as From Five Ordinarily. The farmer who uses a cream sepa rator obtains as much milk from four cows as is obtained from five cows where cream is raised In a pan. The separator method gets 25 per cent more cream from the milk and this wiU pay for a separator in a year in a dairy herd of ten or more cows. As the cream is separated while fresh and sweet, ripening can be controlled and butter of much better grade can be secured than if the cream is raised by gravity. The use of a separator lightens the work for the housewife. The machine is kept in a small room adjoining the bam and only the separator parts are brought from the house. These in stead of numerous pans and crocks are returned to the kitchen for wash ing after the fresh skim milk has been fed to the calves and pigs. A well-made separator will last for years, in spite of the fact that it is put into service twice a day. The sepa rator should run for from four to six years without repairs, if reasonable care is used. BIRDS SPREAD HOG CHOLERA Pigeons Flying From One Farm to An other Carry Germs of Dread Dis ease on Their Feet. * Unconflned pigeons flying from farm to farm frequently carry the germs of hog cholera on their feet and infect a neighborhood which is then at a loss to understand how the outbreak of cholera came about. The same Is true of buzzards. On several occasions when investigations of sources of hog cholera infections in this state were made by a veterinarian from Clemson college, the buzzard was found to be to blame. Statistics pub lished in another state show that pigeons are responsible for about 20 per cent of the spread of hog cholera and it is estimated that they caused in this way in 1915 about fifteen mil liens of dollars damage in the United States.—Clemson College Bulletin. SILAGE IS CHEAP ROUGHAGE Three Tons Will Feed Dairy Cow Thirty Pounds a Day for Six Months—Cost Varies. Silage is the cheapest rough feed that can be produced. Its cost varies some in different sections and on dif ferent farms, but farmers who have silos find that after charging up the rental of the land, the cost of grow ing the corn, the filling of the silo and wear of machinery, their silage costs them from two dollars to two dollars and a half per ton. When we figure that three tons of silage will feed a dairy cow 30 pounds a day for six months, it is easily seen that no other roughage can be produced so cheaply. Use for Cream Separator. A farmer should buy a cream sep arator when he is making butter or selling cream from as many aa four cows. Six* is No Indication. Just because the calf is large and thrifty is no sign it will be a wonder- 9 ful cow. Leak in Dairy Buainess. Keeping two cows to do the work of one constitutes the biggest leak in the dairy business. . * E 4 Wïjvi*: * »,• '4^ A DISTURBING THOUGHT. •'Suppose Napoleon had been fight ing under modern conditions,' marked the theorist. "Do you think he would have escaped defeat?" "That Is rather hard to say," an swered the connoisseur, "but for the sake of art. I'm glad he lived when he did." re "Yes? "Think of the splendid battle pic tures wè now have in our art galleries, depicting incidents of Napoleon's cam paigns, and imagine what sort of work an artist would have done had he at tempted to paint Napoleon telephoning to the front, or Napoleon iri his dug • 5 out. 1 The Proud Beggar. "I should think a big healthy man such as you would be too proud to beg." I am, lady, I am. And when I ap proached you I said to myself there is a sympathetic, high-minded woman who will instantly hearken to an un fortunate man's request and not hu miliate him by forcing him to beg for the assistance he so sorely needs." I He Wasn't In It. "I did think I was something of a boxer," said the pugilist to his wife, as he walked the floor at two a. m. with his first born. And aren't you, dear?" asked his drowsy better half. "It seems not," he replied sadly. "I guess my enemies were right when they said I couldn't put a baby to sleep. ** *» Ahead of His Resources. "My boy Josh Is actin' right supe rior these days," said Farmer Corntos sel. "Well, you know he's acquirin' a wonderful education. "Yes. But he ain't got It yet. I ain't goin' to encourage him to run in debt even fur his own opinion of his self. ■ I IN FIRST MOURNING. f V W i: V) an v% te* "I hate to see pay day come around.' "Are you crazy?" "Very near it. I've lost my job." First and Last. fhe first step often tries a man. When he'd climb fame's lofty stair; And the last step oft Jars him— If In the dark. It Isn't there. Confused. "Do you admire Raphael?" said the young woman. "I should say so. He's better than Sherlock Holmes. "I said 'Raphael. "Excuse me. I thought you said 'Raffles.' " - » »» No Reliable Formula. "I never put off till tomorrow what I can do today," remarked the self complacent man. "I tried that plan," rejoined the will ing worker. "I got to crowding myself till I had to put in nights doing over what I had done badly the day before." Bad Combination. Yeast—I see the Chinese New Year has been changed to correspond with the calendar year as observed in the United States. Crimsonbeak—But say, firecrackers and headaches won't go well together. All Upset. How did yon manage to keep awake during Professor Diggs' lectures?" "That was easy enough. "Yes?" "My wife forced me to go and I was so mad I couldn't sleep." •• */ Might Be True. The Maid—I wonder why so many men marry when they are young? The Bachelor—Probably because they are not old enough to know bet ter. Not Lasting. "What an impression the amateur actress made on the hero when she laid her golden head npon his shoul ders with her face hidden in his em brace." "Yes, but it's the kind of powder which will easily brush off." Easiest Game. Now, when you carve the turkey, don't wrastle with it. "How kin I help that? Better lemme carve the sponge cake if wrastling don't suit ye." I ft Domestic Dilemma. "Charley, dear," said young Mrs. Torkins, "would you enlist if your country called you? "I don't know what to say. If I an swer 'No,' you'll say 1 don't love my country, and« if I answer 'Yes* you'll say I dont like to stay at home." Distinguished. One—Is Mat distinguished looking in his new suit? Two—Is he? Why, people often stop him In the street and ask him to change a ten.—Yale Record. r iP - 0ÿÊT, OBLIGING. 11 »* ; >o* y 01 ol 0 Lfl f K 4 Dunne—I wish you'd pay a little at tention to my bill. Fastman—I will, but that's all I cai pay just now. Good morning. The Points of Interest. When men step forth In lofty ways To quiet life's dissension, Their virtues claim but little praise; Their faults attract attention. Self-Complacency. "A man should pause every now and then and take stock of himself," said the genial philosopher. "That is all right for a modest man, replied the student of human nature, "but rather a bad plan for the sort of fellow who rates himself a little high er every time he does It." «, Various Demands. "Money won't always buy happi ness,' pher. said the readymade philoso "No," replied the pensive citizen. "There are times when you're obliged to quit spending it for happi* ness and set some of it by for arms and ammunition. I Feminine Amenities. Hazel—I had three men at my. feet at the ball last night. Aimee—What, only three? Hazel—What do you mean to in sinuate? Wasn't three enough? Aimee—Oh, I suppose so. But there must have been plenty of room for at least half a dozen. Score One for Jones. Short—What a brilliant chap your friend Jones is.. Long—So? I never noticed It Short—Well, he is, all right. Yes terday I asked him to loan me five dol lars, and instead of answering yes or no, he asked me if I thought he looked like a fit subject for the fool killer. ftg^hance. "What sort of fellow is Dubwaite?" "An optimist who is destined som« day to be sadly disillusioned. "How so?" "He thinks if he ever gets hard up he can easily make $50 or $100 by writing a moving-picture scenario." Paradoxical Enterprise. "It is queer that patent medicine man is so wideawake in his advertis ing methods." "Why is it queer?" "Because his medicine is a remedj for insomnia^" A New Class. "You don't mean to say that your ramshackle old boat can by any stretch of courtesy be classed as a sea ves sel? M Sure she can. She T s a tub marine/ 1 WHERE EVIL CAME IN. v mffi & 8 m 4 ÄuueS i! "How did the poker game come out at your girl's house?" "I was nearly killed. I held four aces while the old man held a pair of nines. He won." "Why, how's that?" "He had them on his feet" Facing the Worst. The pessimist deserves a song. Though all his hopes are undersized; If he can laugh when things go wrong And not be sorry or surprised. to Some Evidence. "You say that preparation will make the hair grow?" asked the thin-haired man of the druggist. "Why, say," came from the drug 1 know a customer who took tt man; the cork out of a bottle of that stuff with his teeth and now he'a'got a hare lip." • y Worth Trying. "I wish I could devise a plan to in duce people to attend church regular ly," said the parson. "Oh, that's an easy matter," replied the political boss. "Get the legisla ture to pass a law prohibiting it Seer to of What Did He Mean. Doctor Emdee—Your mother-in-law'» condition is v»ry serious. —Get down to cases, doc. Am I to fear for the best or hope tor the worst? Henpeck In Woman's Realm Two Modish Coats of Checked Serge and Tan Covert Cloth, Crave netted, Which Are Among the Best of the Season's Offernigs— Simple but Extremely Effective Party Frock That Will Appeal to the Small Maid. Two coats, made to brave the spite ful return of the north wind in May and the showers from spring skies, are shown in the picture given here. They are of checked serge and tan covert cloth, cravenetted, and there fore not hurt by dampness. Their style is excellent and distinctive. There have been so many checked coats in the season's showings that It would seem almost Impossible for apy thing new and also attractive to make Its appearance among them. But the model presented, while cut on familiar & I m IP —< Ill "»*£ • m m III I! m [y PI Mi 2 mm ■ m A j: Ï « I W. - ■ Ï si MADE TO BRAVE ALL WEATHERS. aud well-liked lines, shows a finish en tirely novel. All its edges are fin ished with a piping of white and out lined with narrow flat silk braid, mak ing the sharp and snappy contrast of black and white in a conservative fashion. It has a "chin-chin" collar. The short coat of covert cloth trimmèd with plain broadcloth is frankly a. model for all-round wear, and does not commit itself to any sort of special occasion. It is pictured worn with an afternoon frock of taf feta. .4 ■ 4 * ■ :> m ' ■ x : gv; » 1 Mfmu ■ K;>: m if Wffi S: * , ■ i I •'■y. IS nog V •: & il m - ■ \ Ü m : « S8 wm ' m. > ■■ii $ m r •• « * PARTY FROCK FOR THE SMALL MAID. PARTY FROCK FOR Here is a party frock for the little maid from about eight years up to twelve years old that will delight her scribe the method of making it, be cause it is so clearly set forth in the picture. But for the benefit of the« inexperienced who may be encouraged to undertake It, it may be mentioned and please her mother as Well. It seems hardly worth while to de Black if Popular. Black is popular this spring, and there are many frocLs of black taf feta, very chic with their ruffled lines, and their trim little bodices fitted in to the figure with featherboned seams. Most of the silk frocks have sleeves of Georgette crepe or chiffon, and sometimes the filmy material forms a large part of the skirt The all-black frock is smarter juÿt now than one brightened with a touch of color or re lieved with white, and when well con ceived is chic and dashing, in a sea that the body of the frock, is of cot ton net and is merely a full slip set on to a narrow round yoke of lace and reaching nearly to the knees. Three scant ruffles of lace are set about the bottom of this slip, and it is shirred In about tho hips with three shirrings set close together. This shirring shapes the slip into a long waist and short skirt. The sleeves are merely puffs of net edged with a double frill of net. Over this slip of net a short over dress is worn. It is made of two lengths of yard-wide taffeta cut with ALL WEATHERS. narrow straps over the shoulder and scalloped about the bottom. The scal lops are bound with a narrow binding of taffeta made from strips cut on the bias. The silk is shirred over a cord about the ne^k, and the arm's eye and shoulder straps arfe bound like the ' scallops. The fullness of the silk is drawn in about the hips with two shirrings over cable cord, forming a sprightly flounce below. The over dress slips on over the head. As pictured, it Is made of light blue shiny taffeta with considerable stiffness. a THE SMALL MAID. or slip of fine lawn edged with ruf flea trimmed with narrow lingerie lace. it is made as long as the frock, so that there is a glimpse of theso lacy ruffles Under those on the net dress, The frock is worn over a petticoat son when fawns and grays are seen everywhere. Navy blue is also a pro nounced favorite, and many are the combinations of blue taffeta with voile, georgette crepe, chiffon and fig ured silk. Kid as Trimming. Kid is used as a trimming in many of the new spring clothes. It is fash ioned into very smart çollars and cuffs ^nd straps of it are Used on skirts and coats. Thete are kid flowers, too, for trimming straw hats. Pi VA * im m t'W'% . A - h w& i . mt" ■ ' .. j m m m % 76children werepoisoned last year in only ll states * Fly Poison Kills More Children Than All Other Poisons Combined For Safety*s Sake, Use Is there in your home, anywhere within baby's reach, a saucer of arsenic poisoned paper floating in water, or a can with a sweetened poisoned wick? Darin? 1913, 28 cases of fly poisoning were reported from 11 sûtes; in 1914.46 cases from 14 states. Fly poison kills more children than all other poisons combined. Yet fly poison stül is left unguarded except in the homes where mothers bave learned that the sate, sure, non-poisonous efficient fly catcher and destroyer is 7 TANGLEFOOT 3» tfBMLSW» «HUET fer The Journal of the Michigan State Medical Society comments thus in a recent issue: "Symptoms of arsenical poisoning are very similar to those of cholera infantum; un doubtedly a number of cases of cholera In . fantum were really cases of arsenical poi son ing, but death, if occurring, was attributed to cholera infantum. "We repeat, arsenical fly destroying de vices are dangerous and should be abolished. Health officials should become aro prevent further loss cf life from their source. Our Michigan Legislature, this last session, passed a law regulating the sale of poisonous used to papers. The O. & W. Thum Co. Grand Rapids» Nc Occasion for Grace. Hostess (to small guest)—Flossie, does your papa say grace before meals? Flossie—I don't know, grace? Hostess—Why, saying grace is re turning thanks for what we have to eat. What's * Flossie—Oh, my papa doesn't have to return thanks. He always pay? cash for everything we get. Nôt Very. "My wife and I are thinking of char tering a yacht for the summer." "Won't that be pretty expensive?" "Not so long as we confine our selves to thinking about it" WHY HAVE CHILLS AND FEVER? "Plantation" Chill Tonic is guaran teed and will do the work In a week. Your money cheerfully refunded by dealers If It fails after giving it a proper trial. Price 50c.—Adv. ' Occasionally a man may blacken his accusera In an attempt to white wash himself. f Dr. Pierce's Pellets are best for liver, bowels and stomach. One little Pellet for a laxative—three for a cathartic—Adv. A woman seldom brags of her good judgment, but men were liars ever. Why Thai Lame Back ? Morning lameness, sharp twinges when bending, or an all-day back ache; each is cause enough to sus pect kidney trouble. Get after the cause. Help the kidneys. We Americans go it too hard. We overdo, overeat and neglect our sleep and exercise and so we are fast becoming a nation of kidney sufferers. 72% more deaths than in 1890 is the 1910 census story. Use .Doan's Kidney Pills. Thou sands recommend them. A Tennessee Case Ivtry rtf O. G. Lawson. Olive St., Martin. T e n n. , (VRHd says: "I suffered from kidney trouble in its . worst form and It kept f * me from working. It W & ' was hard for me to r sleep and sharp pains settled in my abdo- m vs men. My joints got | / N numb from my knees w y. down and my kidneys were in awful shape. I got but little benefit I) until I used Doan's Ü Kidney Pills. They cured me. Gel Dean's at Any Store, 80c a Bos KIDNEY PILLS FOSTBLM1LBURN CO.. BUFFALO. N. Y. turt Ttlll S \ l| » JL DOAN'S Constipation Vanishes Forever Prompt Relief—Permanent Cure CARTER'S LITTLE LIVER PILLS never fail. Purely végéta ble — act surely but gently on the liver. A Stop after dinner dis tress—cure indigestion,^ improve the complexion, brighten the eyes. SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE. Genuine must bear Signature CARTER'S ■ ITTLE IlVER ■ PILLS. nt'« Ôure*I» spirits t«ed to ' çerman®ntAr care that Stop and terrible pounded for tSa your money will refunded wit ho is oom >o»c and qnee Hu to eu Itch, Scs «ma, Tetter, Sing worm or any other akin disease. tOo the box. for sale by all drug store* or by mall from tho t's re A. 8, Richards Medicine Co., ShernaR.Tas. A toil»t preparation o t merit, jgelpajto eradicate dandruff. Far Ro* town# t a ■ , r Faded Hair ■ammanM fter Mte.*ad GALLSTONES A fold open r our Du7 \ f .vV"