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PORK CAN BE PRODUCED VERY CHEAPLY 151 : " ■ si; r ip •■3 jja mm ■ ■ ■■■ » .• m ii® : : : : SS :« \v * V5r M ii V- ' Î x* >;Xÿ: * M mm V A Profitable Bunch of Hogs. Tt is possible to produce hogs in South Carolina at a cost varying from three to five cents per pound, when they are grown and fattened on good pasture and a limited amount of dollar corn, portant essentials to consider in the production of hogs for profit. First, pasture and forage crops; second, breeding stock. Pasture and Forage Crops. The permanent pasture is essential and should be of good size. Bermuda and bur clover as a permanent pasture cannot be surpassed, one-half bushel Italian rye grass, one half bushels of tall meadow oat grass, one-half bushel orchard grass and 15 pounds Mammoth clover will also pro duce excellent grazing. Either of these mixtures will furnish grazing practically 12 months in the year and will give absolute satisfaction in sections of the state. The follow a There are two very im A mixture of many ing rotation of forage crops will go hand In hand with the above perma nent pastures in the production of cheap pork: Lot 1. Plow and plant In corn May 1 and broadcast one bushel cowpeas after last cultivation. Hog this down In the fall and plow remnants of crop under and put Into winter pasture of oats, rye and hairy vetch, sowing this mixture about September 1. Lot 2. Plant one-half bushel each of early varieties of cowpeas and soy beans In rows two feet apart and culti- vate. This lot may be divided with temporary fence so as to pasture sep- arately. Turn the hogs in and after eating off follow in the fall with a crop of rape, drilled In rows two feet apart at a rate of four pounds per ^pre fuiü broadcast about fifteen pound ■crimson clover. These crops should be put in In September and will afford pasturage during the winter months. Lot 3. Plant three pecks of peanuts T>er acre in July, drilling them in 12 Inches apart in rows 2% feet apart and cultivate. After being hogged down tfollow with a winter pasture of oats, urj e and vetch. f WATER FOR THE WORK STOCK in Hot Weather Animals Should Have Opportunity of Drinking at Least Five Times Daily. ' I Three times a day is not enough to water live stock. They should have, especially in hot weather, an oppor tunity of drinking at least five times dally—before each meal, and at inter vals of two and one-half to three hours apart between meals. The animal that works In hot ■weather on a five or six-hour stretch without water suffers intensely from thirst. water colic and other 111 effects. NeveT allow the animal to drink when very hot. Always force him un der such conditions to drink a little at a time until satisfied.—Clemson Col lege Bulletin. Frequent watering prevents PERCHES FOR THE HENHOUSE Capital Idea to Have Two Sets, Chang ing About Each Month—Sun shine Kills All Vermin. It is well to have two sets of perches for the poultry house. Each month, when the houses are cleaned and the litter removed, the perches in the house may be removed, and the ones held in reserve placed in position. The perches not in use may be taken to an old field, some distance from the chicken house and placed in a fence corner. After being subjected to sunshine, wind and rain for a month, all trace of animal life on them has been destroyed. No Danger of Mishap or' Failure if Chickens Are Kept Under Strict Sanitary Conditions. LUCK" IN POULTRY BUSINESS « There is no such word as "luck" in the poultry business. All diseases, mishaps or failures are the direct re sult of some neglect. When chickens are kept on a farm under strict sanitary conditions there is no danger, but your neighbor will probably call It "luck" rather than sys tematic attention. More Profits to Farmer. And yet there is scarcely a rea sonable hope that any marketing plan yet advanced will help the farmers who produce vegetables, produce and fruits, unless some way be devised to enable them to obtain a larger share of what the consumer pays.—Houston Post. Factor of Success. Diversity of business is an impor tant factor of success on the average farm. A moderate degree of diversity li better than either extreme. ■ By use of the foregoing common forage crops for hogs it is possible to furnish pasture every month In the year. The above lots are based on one acre each. July is a most difficult month in the year in which to produce a good pasture. Special care should be taken to secure an early maturing variety of cowpeas and plant early. There are numerous other excellent * J ft OS Ï4 y > $ r *.' V 7 Pigs in Pasture. forage crops such as alfalfa, cane, sweet potatoes and chufas, which might be used in conjunction with oth er crops. In pasturing hogs on legumi nous pastures it will be unnecessary to supplement a grain ration to a large extent. It would be desirable to feed finishing ration of corn for the last few weeks before marketing. Breeding Stock. Next in the importance to the pas ture and forage crops is the selection of breeding stock. First of all select regular breeding, prolific sows that will produce two large litters a year. It Is not practical for all to have regis tered sows but every farmer can se lect good grade sows at home and breed them to registered boars.—Clem son Agricultural College. a COTTON MEAL FOR CANE Stubble Needs Fertilizer High in Ni trdgen to Give It Good Start Fill Furrow Gradually. Stubble cane needs a fertilizer high in nitrogen to give it a good start. Cotton seed meal is recommended at the rate of 600 pounds to the acre. Stubble which has been banked against frost should be barred off and the crowns of last year uncovered and hoed so that they can sprout. Split the middles. Fertilizer should be ap plied before the barred furrows are filled, and it will he ready to use when the roots begin to grow. Where canes are to be planted cut them in fou^ or five joint lengths. Rows should be six to eight feet apart, according to C. K. McQuarrie, state agent fpr the University of Florida Plant the canes extension division, in furrows about tix to eight Inches deep and lap them ä little to insure a better stand. Canes should be cov ered slightly, barely enough to give moisture for germination. TEMPERATURE OF THE CREAM Thermomete,' Will Tell How Long Liquid May Be Kept, Provided Clean Methods Used. First-grade cream should not con tain over 4-10 of one jper cent (.400) lactic acid. The higher the temperature at which cream is kept, the quicker it will sour and the more frequently it should be delivered to the creamery or churned into butter on the farm. The thermometer will tell how long the cream may he kept, provided clean methods of produclion are used. - % According to results obtained, cream kept at 89 degrees F. should be deliv ered daily ; cream kept at 70 degrees F. should be delivered every other day; cream kept at 60 degrees F. may be delivered eveiy third day, and kept at 50 degrees F. would be cream sweet if delivered twice a week, and first grade, if delivered every fifth day, or possibly once a week.—From Bulletin No. 108, Oklahoma Agricul tural Experiment Station, Stillwater, Guinea Hen Is Noisy. The guinea hen is proud and makes noise than any other birds on more m . the place, but the commonest old hen In the barnyard lays more eggs, and makes no fuss about it. Delicious Vègetable. Salsify or vegetable oyster is one of the delicious vegetables which is found in too few gardens. No Fertilizing Value. An authority says that coal ashes have practically no fertilizing value. Type of Architecture That Always Presents an Attractive and Dignified Appearance. PRACTICAL PLAN GIVEN HERE Distinctive Home That Can Be Built at Comparatively Small Expense— Basement for Heating Plant Provided — Living Room One of the Features. Mr. William A. Radford will answer questions and give advice FREE OF COST on all subjects pertaining to the subject of building, for the readers of this paper. On account of his wide experience as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, he Is, without doubt, the highest authority on all these subjects. Address all inquiries to William A. Radford, No. 1827 Prairie avenue, Chicago, 111., and only enclose two-cent stamp for reply. By WILLIAM A. RADFORD. The colonial type of house has re tained its popularity for many years and is still used to a large extent in all parts of the country. Even the bungalow is made so as to include cer tain features that are colonial in ap pearance. There are certain impres sions that are created by a colonial house that are hard to get with any other form of construction. The colonial house always has a dig nified appearance. It never seems like the ordinary run of houses, but al ways seems to stand by itself. Along with this, however, there is a warmth and an impression of comfort. The idea of a home is carried by the colo nial design along with its dignity. The accompanying illustration shows a bungalow that is built in colo nial style, and it certainly has an at tractive but dignified appearance. The fact that the bungalow type can be adapted to this style of architecture shows the adaptability of bungalows. When you consider that many of them are made with all sorts of fancy trim mings and are all varieties and shapes, it doesn't seem consistent that they can be adapted to a style such as is shown here. And yet there is nothing inconsistent about the plan as shown. There are no very elaborate finish ings in the construction of this bunga low, so that the cost can be kept down comparatively low. For this reason it presents a good practical plan and offers a distinctive home to the dis criminating home builder. The combination of the gray stucco walls and the white trim and columns is in keeping with the dignity of this colonial home. The projecting roof over the side porch, with its white col ~> 8*3 / ■■ • jc&5 m. I mm mm. të mê m&è m % i <■; - umns, is a pleasing decorative fea ture. To retain the bungalow appearance in the colder climates, it is necessary to make several changes in both the lot on which the bungalow stands and also in the house itself. Cellars are needed in the cooler cli mates and these must be provided without giving the appearance of rais ing the house in any way. The bunga low looks best when it is close to the ground, so the lot should be graded toward the front so as to bring the front entrance Just a little above the ground. In the back of the house and along the sides it is not necessary to have the lot graded so high, and the windows for lighting the basement be placed at these places. This Is the method most commonly used for getting the bungalow effect in colder climates. The basement that is provided must be of a depth sufficient to accommo date a modern heating plant. A com plete hot-air heating plant will require about 7 feet 6 inches headroom,in the basement. In bungalow construction this generally means a rather deep excavation, because the building is never built very far above the ground. Other types of heating plants require slightly less headroom than the hot-air a can it it system. In keeping with the tendency in modern homes, the living room in this design is made quite large and com fortable and a fireplace of good size is provided. The living room is connect ed to the dining room and the back hall by cased openings. There are very few bungalows built that do not have a flreplaoe in now eluded in the plan. A big fireplace is almost always the most striking fea ture of a living room and adds more to the cozy appearance than anything else. There is a real home atmosphere in a living room that has a bright fire blazing in the fireplace on the cold winter evenings. Also a fireplace is of the best aids to ventilation that can be included in a plan. The placing of the one shown here It is one has been very carefully done, opposite the cased opening leading to the dining room, so that the cheery light of the fire can be seen from this as well as from the living room. It helps to bind the two rooms to gether when they are being used for entertaining. In the back part of the house there arq two bedrooms. These are located 1 room in the two back-' corners, which manes it possible to have windows facing in two directions in each room. - This in sures a cross draft through the bed rooms, with the plentiful supply of air that is so essential. Constructed in this way, the bedrooms are practically aa sure of a good air supply as is a sleeping porch. The kitchen Is placed between the dining room and one of the bedrooms to toi EcdEoom irr-ircT iry-io-o' k r" !v / . V Hau. a J J •r 1 !; ■;i iLmng fyy-tint -L^miitifihi Porch Floor Plan. and has a side entrance and porch so that It can be reached from the out side. It is small and compact—a good arrangement for this bungalow. Doors into the hall and Into the dining room are provided. The main entrance is into a vesti bule that opens into a hall which con nects with the different rooms. A cased opening leads from this hall to the living room. in it DWARF TREES EASILY GROWN Secret, Long Known Only to the Jap anese, Has Become a Matter of General Knowledge. \ For many centuries the Japanese have closely guarded the secret of growing miniature trees. Indeed, sayis the Youth's Companion, until recent ly they did not allow the trees to be taken out of the country; wealthy people keep them as art treasures. Now, in America, dwarf trees bring a good price and are used as house plants and table decorations. By fol lowing the plan here described almost any one can raise diminutive trees with little trouble. Get a few large, thick-skinned or anges and halve them. Remove the pulp and cover the outside of the skins with thick shellac. That will keep the skin from shrivelling. Fill the skins with fine, rich soil, and plant therein a seed of whatever tree you wish to raise—or rather two or three seeds, to insure at least one good specimen. Make a stand of some kind so that the growing tree can be kept in an upright position and set the plants where they will get plenty of sun, but do not keep them in a room that is likely to become overheated. Water them regularly, but not too profusely. After a time the roots will begin to come through the orange peel. When that happens, cut the roots off flush with the outer surface of the orange peel, but be careful not to injure the film of shellae. It is the cutting of the roots that stunts the plants. When the tree has reached maturity you can transfer it to a more attractive holder. Conifers such as cedars, pines and cryptomerias can be readily stunted; so also can other evergreens, as ilex and Citrus trifoliata. Some dwarf cedars have been known to live more than 500 years. Fruit trees, such 1 as the orange and plum, blossom and bear perfect fruit. "Cossack" Is Word Out of Turkey. The word Cossack itself is a deriva tive from the Turkish prototype of "adventurer," which is a typical word for the description of these roving horse-riders. The Cossack population amounts to roughly 2,500,000 men and women, and they collectively own some 146,500,000 acres of Russian ter ritory. Their living is chiefly ob tained by the pursuit of agriculture, together with eattle and horse breed ing. The Cossacks enjoy special priv ileges from the government of Russia, in return for which they give military services—a form of conscription. The young Cossack spends the three years of his life between eighteen and twen ty-one in military training; the next twelve years in active service; and, finally, the following five years are spent in the national reserve. Valuable "Waste Paper." In an old hair trunk, bequeathed to him with a number of other ar ticle# of small value, a patrolman of Jersey City recently discovered old "certificates of profit" of an insurance company of New York. He took them to a police judge, who estimated their value at $18,000. The judge says they entitle the patrolman to a share of the invested profits of the company. They were bought sixty years ago by the patrolman's grandfather, and his grandmother, he now remembers, was restrained by a friend front burning them as waste y paper. steam or * Provides Against Es aping Gas. To permit escape from steam or gas filled rooms, in emergencies a water seal exit, bjts been im ~nted, a tank filled wl(h water beins installed be neath th/i floor, a wall extending into the water preventing the passage of _ M M. VICTIMS OF THE WANDERLUST Marine Officers Complain That Cooks Who Enlist In the 8ervice Have Mania to "Keep Moving. I No, you aren't the only victim of the servant problem. Here is another sufferer: Uncle Sam, rich and powerful, good to his "help,*' and the surest pay in the world, can't keep his cooks any longer or better than the ordinary suburban commuter. He offers them good pay, easy hours and lots of "nights out," but they simply will not overlook the tact that they are cooks, bred and born, and so keep moving United States marine corps statis tics covering the last two years show a greater percentage of men deserted who gave occupation prior to entry as cooks" than any other clash enlisted^ during the period. Desertions from the marine corps on. are very light at all times. The av erage marine considers that the serv ice offers better advantages than any -thing he could find in civil life, says an exchange, and he believes the op portunities for travel and adventure to be unexcelled, and, were it not for the cooks, marine corps officials be lieve that the "oldest branch of the service" would have an almost clean slate with regard to desertions. No class of men looks so lightly on the oath of obligation as these self-same "knights of the frying pan," marine corps recruiters declare. of It of to Going and Coming. "That's Doctor Sharp in the fine motor car," said the native of the town to a visitor. "He's our leading medical man, and very rich. "Oh;" said the visitor, politely in And did he make all his terested. money from his practice in this small town?" He invested some "Not all of it. money in an oil-well company, which has turned out very successful. "Then he makes his money out of the sick and the well, does he?" ft It da usually the bold and reckless swimmer who is drowned—especially in the sea of matrimony. There are too many sidetracks in connection with the royal road to riches. KING BEE BUZZINGS _ w I .. stale tobaccowhenKn^G^BEE is fresh every 2vç < Ï if B K & v r \ «X XT & I 1 1 here are two ! \ A acup ever L . ix * i % « I J apiP' I u MademNewQrleans* and FreshasHoney V ■>» The MiMest of TineCut Smoking/ ChewingTobacco IMs Just as good a chew as. ft Is a t can KM*' Î1 ■Y - s ' t 0 ; - V .V 4 \ \ and clean and •jor I^ildTobacco L X > X o ? ■ j 9 Sf w JULESJ I W.RIBBY Branch New Orleans, ^•erjUkaccc ll r\ \ 11 'Cè % 1/ ^ it WORSE THAN AT THE FRONT Soldier Escaped Steel and SheU in the Trenches to Meet Disaster When He Came Home. In the taproom of the Crown and Anchor the returned warrior was tell ipg some wonderful stories of the fierce fighting around the Yser. "You see that?" he exclaimed, with dramatic suddenness, drawing atten tion to a half-healed scar about two Inches long over his left eyebrow. His audience shivered in anticipa tion of a new and thrilling adventure. " 'Twasn't shrapnel, nor yet a 'coal box' am did that," he said slowly, after getting rid of his beer in a hurry. went through the retreat from Mons, fought at Wipers, chased the Boches out of Festubert, and all without re celving a scratch. But the very first day I was home on leave I had a scrap with the missus. Suddenly assuming a violent offensive, she seized the com missariat—I mean, before I knew wot she was up to, she drank my bloomin' beer and hit me over the head with the tankard!"—London Tit-bits. 'I Persistent Canada Thistle. The cause of the remarkable vitality of Canada thistle ^nd the point that distinguishes it from other prickly plants that are commonly mistaken for It is the long, cordlike perennial root. This root penetrates the soil to a depth of eight to fifteen inches or more and gives rise at frequent intervals to leafy shoots. Thus it will often be found that an entire patch of thistles is at tached to one root and is in reality but one plant. The root is exceedingly hardy and can live over winter or ^through a prolonged drought in a dor mant condition. Pieces of the root that are broken off by a plow or culti vator and carried to other places will await a warm, moist period a*d then begin to send up leafy shoots, thus es tablishing a new patch forthwith. If the leafy stems are cut down, others will be sent up to take their place and this process may be repeated from two to eight times before the root becomes exhausted. What a girl likes about a love let ter is the fact that she can keep read ing it over and over. How to destroy weeds—marry the widow. MADE FINISH OF LONG AGONY Ths Is Not the Ending of a Modern Novel, Though Jt Reads Some thing Like It. Despair flashed from her eyes. Her hair was in wild disorder. Her face was flushed and distorted. She She was in a terrible dilemma, looked like a dreadfully injured and desperate woman. With anger and indignation reaching to a dreadful height, she could stand it no longer. "Merciless one—cruel one—I have stood it long enough. I was proud of you, of your beauty—your grace —proud of my possession of you— proud of the envy of my friends—I gloried in the enemies I made through my possession. Ah, but you are small—small! How v I have been de ceived! You have ruined my stand ing in society—tortured mè until I screamed in the agony of my soul, and still I loved you! Yes, »loved you through it all. But now—aha! Yes, now—will I end it all! I cast you from me forever!" And with that she ripped off her right she and flung it into the fire. The agony was over and the tragedy ended! Bibles on Watch Chains. The devout of all lands have their own particular way of giving outward demonstration to their piety. In Rus sia it frequently takes the form of wearing miniature Bibles as charms on the watch chain. They are got up in attractive form about an inch square and three-eighths of an inch in thickness, and they contain five books of Moses. The text of the book is in Hebrew and the titles in Latin. It is true that the book could not be read without the aid of a powerful magnifying glass, hut that does not trouble the Russian. He places his great reliance on the fact that he car ries the "Word" on his person. Coney island is to make's $1,000, 000 trolley terminal, work on which will soon be commenced. Don't snub a man because he is rich. He may be as poor as you are some day. A woman can be right without a reason and a man cai} be wrong with one.