PORK CAN BE PRODUCED VERY CHEAPLY
: : : :
A Profitable Bunch of Hogs.
Tt is possible to produce hogs in
South Carolina at a cost varying from
three to five cents per pound, when
they are grown and fattened on
good pasture and a limited amount of
portant essentials to consider in the
production of hogs for profit. First,
pasture and forage crops; second,
Pasture and Forage Crops.
The permanent pasture is essential
and should be of good size. Bermuda
and bur clover as a permanent pasture
cannot be surpassed,
one-half bushel Italian rye grass, one
half bushels of tall meadow oat grass,
one-half bushel orchard grass and 15
pounds Mammoth clover will also pro
duce excellent grazing. Either of
these mixtures will furnish grazing
practically 12 months in the year and
will give absolute satisfaction in
sections of the state. The follow
There are two very im
A mixture of
ing rotation of forage crops will go
hand In hand with the above perma
nent pastures in the production of
Lot 1. Plow and plant In corn May 1
and broadcast one bushel cowpeas
after last cultivation. Hog this down
In the fall and plow remnants of crop
under and put Into winter pasture of
oats, rye and hairy vetch, sowing this
mixture about September 1.
Lot 2. Plant one-half bushel each of
early varieties of cowpeas and soy
beans In rows two feet apart and culti-
vate. This lot may be divided with
temporary fence so as to pasture sep-
arately. Turn the hogs in and after
eating off follow in the fall with a
crop of rape, drilled In rows two feet
apart at a rate of four pounds per ^pre
fuiü broadcast about fifteen pound
■crimson clover. These crops should
be put in In September and will afford
pasturage during the winter months.
Lot 3. Plant three pecks of peanuts
T>er acre in July, drilling them in 12
Inches apart in rows 2% feet apart and
cultivate. After being hogged down
tfollow with a winter pasture of oats,
urj e and vetch.
WATER FOR THE WORK STOCK
in Hot Weather Animals Should Have
Opportunity of Drinking at Least
Five Times Daily.
I Three times a day is not enough to
water live stock. They should have,
especially in hot weather, an oppor
tunity of drinking at least five times
dally—before each meal, and at inter
vals of two and one-half to three
hours apart between meals.
The animal that works In hot
■weather on a five or six-hour stretch
without water suffers intensely from
water colic and other 111 effects.
NeveT allow the animal to drink
when very hot. Always force him un
der such conditions to drink a little
at a time until satisfied.—Clemson Col
Frequent watering prevents
PERCHES FOR THE HENHOUSE
Capital Idea to Have Two Sets, Chang
ing About Each Month—Sun
shine Kills All Vermin.
It is well to have two sets of perches
for the poultry house. Each month,
when the houses are cleaned and the
litter removed, the perches in the
house may be removed, and the ones
held in reserve placed in position.
The perches not in use may be
taken to an old field, some distance
from the chicken house and placed in
a fence corner. After being subjected
to sunshine, wind and rain for a
month, all trace of animal life on them
has been destroyed.
No Danger of Mishap or' Failure if
Chickens Are Kept Under Strict
LUCK" IN POULTRY BUSINESS
There is no such word as "luck"
in the poultry business. All diseases,
mishaps or failures are the direct re
sult of some neglect.
When chickens are kept on a farm
under strict sanitary conditions there
is no danger, but your neighbor will
probably call It "luck" rather than sys
More Profits to Farmer.
And yet there is scarcely a rea
sonable hope that any marketing plan
yet advanced will help the farmers
who produce vegetables, produce and
fruits, unless some way be devised to
enable them to obtain a larger share
of what the consumer pays.—Houston
Factor of Success.
Diversity of business is an impor
tant factor of success on the average
farm. A moderate degree of diversity
li better than either extreme.
By use of the foregoing common
forage crops for hogs it is possible to
furnish pasture every month In the
year. The above lots are based on
one acre each. July is a most difficult
month in the year in which to produce
a good pasture. Special care should
be taken to secure an early maturing
variety of cowpeas and plant early.
There are numerous other excellent
Ï4 y >
Pigs in Pasture.
forage crops such as alfalfa, cane,
sweet potatoes and chufas, which
might be used in conjunction with oth
er crops. In pasturing hogs on legumi
nous pastures it will be unnecessary to
supplement a grain ration to a large
extent. It would be desirable to feed
finishing ration of corn for the last
few weeks before marketing.
Next in the importance to the pas
ture and forage crops is the selection
of breeding stock. First of all select
regular breeding, prolific sows that
will produce two large litters a year.
It Is not practical for all to have regis
tered sows but every farmer can se
lect good grade sows at home and
breed them to registered boars.—Clem
son Agricultural College.
COTTON MEAL FOR CANE
Stubble Needs Fertilizer High in Ni
trdgen to Give It Good Start
Fill Furrow Gradually.
Stubble cane needs a fertilizer high
in nitrogen to give it a good start.
Cotton seed meal is recommended at
the rate of 600 pounds to the acre.
Stubble which has been banked
against frost should be barred off and
the crowns of last year uncovered and
hoed so that they can sprout. Split
the middles. Fertilizer should be ap
plied before the barred furrows are
filled, and it will he ready to use
when the roots begin to grow.
Where canes are to be planted cut
them in fou^ or five joint lengths.
Rows should be six to eight feet apart,
according to C. K. McQuarrie, state
agent fpr the University of Florida
Plant the canes
in furrows about tix to eight Inches
deep and lap them ä little to insure a
better stand. Canes should be cov
ered slightly, barely enough to give
moisture for germination.
TEMPERATURE OF THE CREAM
Thermomete,' Will Tell How Long
Liquid May Be Kept, Provided
Clean Methods Used.
First-grade cream should not con
tain over 4-10 of one jper cent (.400)
The higher the temperature at
which cream is kept, the quicker it
will sour and the more frequently it
should be delivered to the creamery
or churned into butter on the farm.
The thermometer will tell how long
the cream may he kept, provided clean
methods of produclion are used. -
According to results obtained, cream
kept at 89 degrees F. should be deliv
ered daily ; cream kept at 70 degrees
F. should be delivered every other
day; cream kept at 60 degrees F. may
be delivered eveiy third day, and
kept at 50 degrees F. would be
sweet if delivered twice a week, and
first grade, if delivered every fifth
day, or possibly once a week.—From
Bulletin No. 108, Oklahoma Agricul
tural Experiment Station, Stillwater,
Guinea Hen Is Noisy.
The guinea hen is proud and makes
noise than any other birds on
more m .
the place, but the commonest old hen
In the barnyard lays more eggs, and
makes no fuss about it.
Salsify or vegetable oyster is one of
the delicious vegetables which is found
in too few gardens.
No Fertilizing Value.
An authority says that coal ashes
have practically no fertilizing value.
Type of Architecture That Always
Presents an Attractive and
PRACTICAL PLAN GIVEN HERE
Distinctive Home That Can Be Built
at Comparatively Small Expense—
Basement for Heating Plant
Provided — Living Room
One of the Features.
Mr. William A. Radford will answer
questions and give advice FREE OF
COST on all subjects pertaining to the
subject of building, for the readers of this
paper. On account of his wide experience
as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, he
Is, without doubt, the highest authority
on all these subjects. Address all inquiries
to William A. Radford, No. 1827 Prairie
avenue, Chicago, 111., and only enclose
two-cent stamp for reply.
By WILLIAM A. RADFORD.
The colonial type of house has re
tained its popularity for many years
and is still used to a large extent in
all parts of the country. Even the
bungalow is made so as to include cer
tain features that are colonial in ap
pearance. There are certain impres
sions that are created by a colonial
house that are hard to get with any
other form of construction.
The colonial house always has a dig
nified appearance. It never seems
like the ordinary run of houses, but al
ways seems to stand by itself. Along
with this, however, there is a warmth
and an impression of comfort. The
idea of a home is carried by the colo
nial design along with its dignity.
The accompanying illustration
shows a bungalow that is built in colo
nial style, and it certainly has an at
tractive but dignified appearance. The
fact that the bungalow type can be
adapted to this style of architecture
shows the adaptability of bungalows.
When you consider that many of them
are made with all sorts of fancy trim
mings and are all varieties and
shapes, it doesn't seem consistent
that they can be adapted to a style
such as is shown here. And yet there
is nothing inconsistent about the plan
There are no very elaborate finish
ings in the construction of this bunga
low, so that the cost can be kept down
comparatively low. For this reason it
presents a good practical plan and
offers a distinctive home to the dis
criminating home builder.
The combination of the gray stucco
walls and the white trim and columns
is in keeping with the dignity of this
colonial home. The projecting roof
over the side porch, with its white col
/ ■■ •
të mê m&è
umns, is a pleasing decorative fea
To retain the bungalow appearance
in the colder climates, it is necessary
to make several changes in both the
lot on which the bungalow stands and
also in the house itself.
Cellars are needed in the cooler cli
mates and these must be provided
without giving the appearance of rais
ing the house in any way. The bunga
low looks best when it is close to the
ground, so the lot should be graded
toward the front so as to bring the
front entrance Just a little above the
ground. In the back of the house and
along the sides it is not necessary to
have the lot graded so high, and the
windows for lighting the basement
be placed at these places. This Is
the method most commonly used for
getting the bungalow effect in colder
The basement that is provided must
be of a depth sufficient to accommo
date a modern heating plant. A com
plete hot-air heating plant will require
about 7 feet 6 inches headroom,in the
basement. In bungalow construction
this generally means a rather deep
excavation, because the building is
never built very far above the ground.
Other types of heating plants require
slightly less headroom than the hot-air
In keeping with the tendency in
modern homes, the living room in this
design is made quite large and com
fortable and a fireplace of good size is
provided. The living room is connect
ed to the dining room and the back
hall by cased openings.
There are very few bungalows built
that do not have a flreplaoe in
eluded in the plan. A big fireplace is
almost always the most striking fea
ture of a living room and adds more to
the cozy appearance than anything
else. There is a real home atmosphere
in a living room that has a bright fire
blazing in the fireplace on the cold
winter evenings. Also a fireplace is
of the best aids to ventilation that
can be included in a plan.
The placing of the one shown here
has been very carefully done,
opposite the cased opening leading to
the dining room, so that the cheery
light of the fire can be seen from this
as well as from the living room.
It helps to bind the two rooms to
gether when they are being used for
In the back part of the house there
arq two bedrooms. These are located 1
in the two back-' corners, which manes
it possible to have windows facing in
two directions in each room. - This in
sures a cross draft through the bed
rooms, with the plentiful supply of air
that is so essential. Constructed in
this way, the bedrooms are practically
aa sure of a good air supply as is a
The kitchen Is placed between the
dining room and one of the bedrooms
/ . V Hau.
and has a side entrance and porch so
that It can be reached from the out
side. It is small and compact—a good
arrangement for this bungalow. Doors
into the hall and Into the dining room
The main entrance is into a vesti
bule that opens into a hall which con
nects with the different rooms. A
cased opening leads from this hall to
the living room.
DWARF TREES EASILY GROWN
Secret, Long Known Only to the Jap
anese, Has Become a Matter of
For many centuries the Japanese
have closely guarded the secret of
growing miniature trees. Indeed, sayis
the Youth's Companion, until recent
ly they did not allow the trees to be
taken out of the country; wealthy
people keep them as art treasures.
Now, in America, dwarf trees bring a
good price and are used as house
plants and table decorations. By fol
lowing the plan here described almost
any one can raise diminutive trees
with little trouble.
Get a few large, thick-skinned or
anges and halve them. Remove the
pulp and cover the outside of the skins
with thick shellac. That will keep the
skin from shrivelling. Fill the skins
with fine, rich soil, and plant therein
a seed of whatever tree you wish to
raise—or rather two or three seeds,
to insure at least one good specimen.
Make a stand of some kind so that
the growing tree can be kept in an
upright position and set the plants
where they will get plenty of sun,
but do not keep them in a room that
is likely to become overheated. Water
them regularly, but not too profusely.
After a time the roots will begin to
come through the orange peel. When
that happens, cut the roots off flush
with the outer surface of the orange
peel, but be careful not to injure the
film of shellae.
It is the cutting of the roots that
stunts the plants. When the tree has
reached maturity you can transfer it
to a more attractive holder. Conifers
such as cedars, pines and cryptomerias
can be readily stunted; so also can
other evergreens, as ilex and Citrus
trifoliata. Some dwarf cedars have
been known to live more than 500
years. Fruit trees, such 1 as the orange
and plum, blossom and bear perfect
"Cossack" Is Word Out of Turkey.
The word Cossack itself is a deriva
tive from the Turkish prototype of
"adventurer," which is a typical word
for the description of these roving
horse-riders. The Cossack population
amounts to roughly 2,500,000 men and
women, and they collectively own
some 146,500,000 acres of Russian ter
ritory. Their living is chiefly ob
tained by the pursuit of agriculture,
together with eattle and horse breed
ing. The Cossacks enjoy special priv
ileges from the government of Russia,
in return for which they give military
services—a form of conscription. The
young Cossack spends the three years
of his life between eighteen and twen
ty-one in military training; the next
twelve years in active service; and,
finally, the following five years are
spent in the national reserve.
Valuable "Waste Paper."
In an old hair trunk, bequeathed
to him with a number of other ar
ticle# of small value, a patrolman of
Jersey City recently discovered old
"certificates of profit" of an insurance
company of New York. He took them
to a police judge, who estimated their
value at $18,000. The judge says they
entitle the patrolman to a share of the
invested profits of the company. They
were bought sixty years ago by the
patrolman's grandfather, and his
grandmother, he now remembers, was
restrained by a friend front burning
them as waste y paper.
Provides Against Es aping Gas.
To permit escape from steam or gas
filled rooms, in emergencies a water
seal exit, bjts been im ~nted, a tank
filled wl(h water beins installed be
neath th/i floor, a wall extending into
the water preventing the passage of
VICTIMS OF THE WANDERLUST
Marine Officers Complain That Cooks
Who Enlist In the 8ervice Have
Mania to "Keep Moving.
No, you aren't the only victim of
the servant problem. Here is another
Uncle Sam, rich and powerful, good
to his "help,*' and the surest pay in
the world, can't keep his cooks any
longer or better than the ordinary
suburban commuter. He offers them
good pay, easy hours and lots of
"nights out," but they simply will not
overlook the tact that they are cooks,
bred and born, and so keep moving
United States marine corps statis
tics covering the last two years show
a greater percentage of men deserted
who gave occupation prior to entry as
cooks" than any other clash enlisted^
during the period.
Desertions from the marine corps
are very light at all times. The av
erage marine considers that the serv
ice offers better advantages than any
-thing he could find in civil life, says
an exchange, and he believes the op
portunities for travel and adventure
to be unexcelled, and, were it not for
the cooks, marine corps officials be
lieve that the "oldest branch of the
service" would have an almost clean
slate with regard to desertions. No
class of men looks so lightly on the
oath of obligation as these self-same
"knights of the frying pan," marine
corps recruiters declare.
Going and Coming.
"That's Doctor Sharp in the fine
motor car," said the native of the
town to a visitor. "He's our leading
medical man, and very rich.
"Oh;" said the visitor, politely in
And did he make all his
money from his practice in this small
He invested some
"Not all of it.
money in an oil-well company, which
has turned out very successful.
"Then he makes his money out of
the sick and the well, does he?"
It da usually the bold and reckless
swimmer who is drowned—especially
in the sea of matrimony.
There are too many sidetracks in
connection with the royal road to
KING BEE BUZZINGS
_ w I .. stale
& v r
1 here are two
MademNewQrleans* and FreshasHoney
The MiMest of TineCut
IMs Just as
good a chew as.
ft Is a
and clean and
WORSE THAN AT THE FRONT
Soldier Escaped Steel and SheU in the
Trenches to Meet Disaster When
He Came Home.
In the taproom of the Crown and
Anchor the returned warrior was tell
ipg some wonderful stories of the
fierce fighting around the Yser.
"You see that?" he exclaimed, with
dramatic suddenness, drawing atten
tion to a half-healed scar about two
Inches long over his left eyebrow.
His audience shivered in anticipa
tion of a new and thrilling adventure.
" 'Twasn't shrapnel, nor yet a 'coal
box' am did that," he said slowly, after
getting rid of his beer in a hurry.
went through the retreat from Mons,
fought at Wipers, chased the Boches
out of Festubert, and all without re
celving a scratch. But the very first
day I was home on leave I had a scrap
with the missus. Suddenly assuming a
violent offensive, she seized the com
missariat—I mean, before I knew wot
she was up to, she drank my bloomin'
beer and hit me over the head with the
Persistent Canada Thistle.
The cause of the remarkable vitality
of Canada thistle ^nd the point that
distinguishes it from other prickly
plants that are commonly mistaken for
It is the long, cordlike perennial root.
This root penetrates the soil to a depth
of eight to fifteen inches or more and
gives rise at frequent intervals to leafy
shoots. Thus it will often be found
that an entire patch of thistles is at
tached to one root and is in reality
but one plant. The root is exceedingly
hardy and can live over winter or
^through a prolonged drought in a dor
mant condition. Pieces of the root
that are broken off by a plow or culti
vator and carried to other places will
await a warm, moist period a*d then
begin to send up leafy shoots, thus es
tablishing a new patch forthwith. If
the leafy stems are cut down, others
will be sent up to take their place and
this process may be repeated from two
to eight times before the root becomes
What a girl likes about a love let
ter is the fact that she can keep read
ing it over and over.
How to destroy weeds—marry the
MADE FINISH OF LONG AGONY
Ths Is Not the Ending of a Modern
Novel, Though Jt Reads Some
thing Like It.
Despair flashed from her eyes.
Her hair was in wild disorder. Her
face was flushed and distorted. She
was in a terrible dilemma,
looked like a dreadfully injured and
desperate woman. With anger and
indignation reaching to a dreadful
height, she could stand it no longer.
"Merciless one—cruel one—I have
stood it long enough. I was proud
of you, of your beauty—your grace
—proud of my possession of you—
proud of the envy of my friends—I
gloried in the enemies I made through
my possession. Ah, but you are
small—small! How v I have been de
ceived! You have ruined my stand
ing in society—tortured mè until I
screamed in the agony of my soul, and
still I loved you! Yes, »loved you
through it all. But now—aha! Yes,
now—will I end it all! I cast you
from me forever!"
And with that she ripped off her
right she and flung it into the fire.
The agony was over and the tragedy
Bibles on Watch Chains.
The devout of all lands have their
own particular way of giving outward
demonstration to their piety. In Rus
sia it frequently takes the form of
wearing miniature Bibles as charms
on the watch chain. They are got up
in attractive form about an inch
square and three-eighths of an inch
in thickness, and they contain five
books of Moses. The text of the book
is in Hebrew and the titles in Latin.
It is true that the book could not be
read without the aid of a powerful
magnifying glass, hut that does not
trouble the Russian. He places his
great reliance on the fact that he car
ries the "Word" on his person.
Coney island is to make's $1,000,
000 trolley terminal, work on which
will soon be commenced.
Don't snub a man because he is rich.
He may be as poor as you are some
A woman can be right without a
reason and a man cai} be wrong with
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