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RED SPIDER PEST IN COTTON STATES
»/' m I r.v* IDEAL SPRAYING OUTF IT FOR LARGE AREA. J ^Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) ! Diminutive mites, known as red S piders, which gather on cotton leaves n multitudes and suck the plant uice8, constitute one of the little un derstood but serious pests In cotton growing regions of the southeastern states, according to a recent study made by the United States depart, *ent of agriculture. Because of the small ness of the Insects and the effects of their attacks on the appearance of the leaves, many planters believe that the spider-infested fields are suffering from rust. The removal of the juices from the leaves causes them first to redden or turn a rusty yellow over the entire surface, and ultimately to dry up and drop. As a result of the loss of foliage, the plants shed many bolls and the yields from the affected fields are therefore materially reduced. To prevent injury to cotton from this cause the department of agricul ture, recommends, in Farmers' Bulle tin 735, by E. A. McGregor, the de struction of all weeds around the farm % 12 mm«-. ■«* ■ ^ « m M ,-y mmmw püü ? ; ». m Ü K •<< v -W. * A:-i' ■J& ■.. WsÊm'* V v % :VJ:v. V ' • .'v; st: - m V. :> r ■.yy r m Example of Spider's Work.' during the winter and early spring, the spraying of certain cultivated plants around dwellings, the maintenance of a finely pulverized surface soil In the cotton field, the destruction by plow ing up and burning of plants or areas that become infested early, and finally spraying if the infestation becomes general. The red spider may ravage cotton fields at any time from the middle of June to the middle of September. Cer tain fields are Infested while others in the immediate vicinity remain quite free. The total extent of the injury, however, is likely to be very serious. HORSES DO NOT SWEAT Unfortunate Condition Renders Many Animals Useless. Hot Sun Beating Upon Skin Prevents Glands From Performing Func tions—Give Water and Rest Quite Frequently. (By W. H. DALRYMPLE. Louisiana Ex periment Station.) The veterinary department receives frequent inquiries, during the summer months, concerning horses that do not seem to sweat when at work, either In •the field or on the road. This is an Unfortunate condition which renders many a good animal more or less use less while it lasts, but one that little can be done for, so long as the cause 4s present, viz„ the rays of the hot summer sun beating down upon the ex posed skin. Of course all horses do not suffer in this way, and it is probable, we think, that nutive-born animals are much less susceptible than those from other sections of the country. Authorities name this condition thermotaxic neurosis," which means, when translated, Interference with the heat-regulating apparatus through temporary paralysis of the nerve sup ply to the sweat glands. Or, in other words, the hot sun beating upon the skin prevents the sweat glands from performing their function, resulting in the dryness of the skin. On the other ;hand, it may be observed, in the same bnlmal, that the parts of the skin pro jected by the harness will be found to •be moist from perspiration p and on cloudy days, when the sun has been iobscured, sweating may be found more or less general. The sun, therefore, Is the active cause of this condition; agd while it may be possible to relieve it, tempor arily, by treatment, as soon as the ani mal is again exposed to the heat rays of the sun, it is liable to a recurrence ;of the trouble. Knowing the cause of this condition, therefore, the most reasonable method of treatment, in animals that are R>m *. a Small Beginning. It is a noteworthy fact that the most ^successful poultry farms of today are ithose that have started from a small beginning and gradually expanded as •business and experience warranted. Avoid Crowding in Coops. * Avoid crowding by keeping In small flocks and by providing roomy coops. Thin out if there are too many. When you are not using the incuba Aar see that Jit isn't a dust r In 1912, for example, two-fifths of the cotton crop in South Carolina was damaged by this Insect. The great mass of red spiders pass the winter on wild plants. With the first warm days in the spring they be gin to multiply with great rapidity and it becomes necessary for them to seek new feeding grounds. They at tack whatever weeds and garden plants they may meet and ultimately find their way into the cotton fields. In the late fall w-hen cotton is no longer available for them, the spiders migrate again to the wild plants which are frequently found in the borders of fields, aqd it has been ascertained that in many cases they infest violet beds. Alto gether, this insect has been found breeding on nearly 200 species of plants, the most common of which are cotton, cultivated violet, sow thistle, hollyhock, dahlia, garden beans, corn, tomato, onion, carnation, sweet pea, hedge nettle, nasturtium, morning glory, clover, wild vetch, ironweed, Jerusalem oak, wild geranium, evening primrose, pokeweed and strawberry, immunity From Pest. Many of these plants are useless weeds which can well be destroyed. Where this has been done in and around cotton fields, it has been found ! in several instances that complete im 1 munlty from the pest has been en joyed the following season. Many cases of cotton infestation from the red spider, however, can be traced to cultivated plants in nearby dooryards. Such plants should be examined close ly and sprayed as soon as they show any signs of infestation. The govern ment investigators have tested a large number of spray combinations in their work against the red spider and have found that the following are thorough ly satisfactory: (1) potassium sulphide, (1 ounce to 2 gallons of water) ; (2) lime-sulphur (homemade or commercial) ; (3) kero sene emulsion (prepared according to usual formula) ; (4) flour-paste solu tion (1 gallon of stock paste to 12 gal lons of water). Any one of these sprays if properly applied will kill all the mites, but a second spraying one week later is necessary to kill the in sects that were in the egg stage at the first spraying. It is also of the utmost importance to remember that the mite spends its life on the under side of the leaves. The entire under side of every leaf of an infested plant, therefore, must be hit by the spray In order to accomplish the desired result. Ar senical sprays are of no use against this pest. pelled to work, would be to use them as carefully as possible; water them frequently and permit them to rest at frequent intervals during the hot weather. The rapid breathing seen in this condition is due to the lungs having to do double work on account of the Inactivity of the skin and not being able to throw off its usual share of moisture. As soon as the cooler weather sets In the trouble generally ceases. CEMENT TILE FOR DRAINAGE They Have Advantage Where Fire Clay Is Not Obtainable—Best Mix ture for Small Pieces. During the last decade cement tile have come to be used extensively for drainage purposes. They have an ad vantage where fire clay is not obtain able within a reasonable distance. The mixture which is found most satisfac tory for smaller sizes is four parts of clean, sharp sand to one of cement For larger sizes, a slightly rich mix ture Is preferred. Cement tile should be made of a uniform, first-class mix ture, should be well cured and should be dense. Such tile should be care fully cured and if well made will last indefinitely. Where freight is an important item the farmer should choose whatever he can secure the cheapest, whether red or cement tile, provided he can get good, strong tile and get the breakage refunded. Certain alkali salts cause cement to deteriorate and in irrigat ed districts some precautions should be taken to determine the character of alkali before cement tile can be safely used. WORK HORSES NEED WATER While Animal Is Working Water in Small Quantities Will Not Hurt Him in Any Way. Water your horse as often as possi ble. . So long as a horse is working, water In small quantities will not hurt him. But let him drink only a few sw-allows if he Is going to stand still. Do not fail to water him at night after he has eaten his hay. Value of Spraying. The man who does not have time to spray his orchard is about ready for the horticultural scrap heap. Takes Away Drudgery. Litter carriers, feed carriers, etc., are not essential to dairying, but take away quite a little drudgery. Two-year-old hens had better be sent to the market. They seldom pay for their feed if kept over a third Structure Furnishes Comfortable Stabling Room for 24 Cows and Seven Horses. ALSO SAVES MUCH LABOR Farmers Now Thoroughly Understand the Value of 8anitary Conditions and Ventilation, 8uch as le Supplied in a Building of Thla Type. Mr. William A. Radford will answer questions and give advice FREE OF COST on all subjects pertaining to the subject of building work on the farm, for the readers of this paper. On account of his wide experience as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, he is, without doubt, the highest authority on all these subjects. Address all inquiries to William A. Rad ford, No. 1827 Prairie avenue, Chicago, 111., and only Inclose two-cent stamp for reply. The good farmer of today is like an expert checker player in that he con tinually carries in his head a definite plan which will guide him through several "moves" to come. He must a \ r\ A É t £ i t ( m s r. l WïmM ■ m n I r -. i • * •: R B*,:'*:* r x x mmm w.vXvak-.v'X'* WA 1 m A I K o-y-w J BIS: BS ♦ ■ m itt r? __'Ur mtCAni» •Stell CtM JiÆu •P gp CAn •TaP > 2 •Jilted CcU btiiu *o ■CTT _ iintt-ÎAimliACX'.. jfjffiUUIË Combination Dairy and Horse Barn 24 Cows and not be content with knowing what is to be done today, but he must know what follows tomorrow and the next day and the next. Farming is every day becoming less and less an "easy go-lucky" life, suitable for the man who is too lazy to do anything else, and it Is becoming a systematic busi ness requiring careful planning and alert attention to details. The modern farmer has already reç ognikezd the fact that he cannot work without the tools of his trade, and he has set about finding the best way to do the man ytask's of farm life, with the minimum expediture of manual effort. The result is expressed In the many farm implements and devices which have during recent years been placed upon the market. Time wliich may be saved by the use of machinery Is time which may be devoted to more careful planning and the establishment of more perfect organization In the system of management which governs the farm work. Not only is the creative genius of the farmer directed toward the inven tion and improvement of machines to help him in his daily work, put he Is called upon to work out the proper de sign and arrangement of farm build ings which will keep pace with. the modern methods of farming and the latest practice in ventilation and sani tation. It is true that every fanner cannot be an inventor, but it is the fanner in general whose needs are re sponsible t for the effort which is made to produce these Improvements, and his suggestions are very often the em bodiment of the ideas which make them possible. All progressive farmers who realize that this call is being made upon their ability to produce the improvements necessary for the advance of modern methods in farming, even though they cannot offer anything themselves, are affected by the spirit of the thing. They are alert to see that which is beneficial and they are enthusiastic in their adoption of the new ideas which they consider steps in advance. Even the farmers who own only small tracts of land are finding use for the latest types of harvesting ma chinery, gasoline power for pumps and other devices requiring moderate amounts of power, gas and other light ing systems, hot and cold water in their houses, and all sorts of modern barn equipment They are replacing their older buildings for new ones of the more modern type and they are paying more attention to sanitary con ditions and ventilation in their live stock-housing quarters. At this time of the year many form ers 1 are looking forward to the winter months and are building new barns which will provide them with the best possible means of housing their cows and horses in quarters equipped in such a way that healthful conditions may be maintained without excessive labor. Those who have fbund the wis dom of feeding ensilage have usually had their new silo constructed and filled on the site of the proposed barn. The favored structure Is a combina tion dairy und horse barn such as Is shown In the Illustrations. This particular structure Is 30 feet in width by 00 feet in length and fur nishes stabling for 24 cows and seven horses. It is designed according to the lutest practice in farm-building ar chitecture. The width is based upon the proper size of stalls for the cows, together with a correct allowance for feed and litter alleys. Since the horse stalls are placed crossways of the barn they do not enter into the determina tion of width. Eight feet of clear head room is allowed over the cow stalls, and nine feet over the horse stalls. These values are based upon what is considered correct from a standpoint of ventilation. The whole foundation is of concrete with footings and piers reaching down to solid ground, below frost level, and firmly embedded to prevent settling. When the mow above the stables is filled to the peak, a great weight is added to the building and this neces sitates the construction of a good un derpinning which will keep the build ing square and plumb and will prevent cracks In the concrete work. The en tire floor is made of concrete, with gut ters and mangers formed in it for the cow stalls. The proper slope Is giv en all standing floors, and the feed alley floor is raised slightly a'bove these. The equipment of the barn is such as will eliminate all possible manual work in doing the chores. Silage is taken in a feed carrier down the feed I * j S*' m < : mm 1 Track* _ t jiAhotoid* .MANCfl* mlEAg*. ALLEY* &1Û* •MANGER 1 HO I JwNaraw* T gF iintt-ÎAimliACX'.. jfjffiUUIË ca — Size, 36 by 60 Feet, Suitable for and 7 Horses. alley to the mangers, on either side, from the small feed room at the end ot the alley. A hopper Is provided in the feed room so that the material Is loaded directly into the carrier with out extra handling. This carrier Is also used to take feed to the horse mangers from the chute. Litter is tak en on two tracks from the litter al leys directly to the manure spreader or to the manure pile at the silo eud of the barn. Feed and litter carriers are a great_ help to the farmer and they may be arranged In many ways to greatly aid in establishing a sys tematic method of maintaining sani tary conditions. The fin^; point of importance In the design of this barn is the ventilating system. The value of good ventilation in a dairy and horse barn can hardly be overestimated. It is not only of prime Importance in keeping the live stock in the best of health, but It even goes so far as to effect the amount of feed which is required to maintain the stock. Foui air, robbed of its oxygen content, is not effective in keeping the temperature of the animals up to the normal vaine which is required for good health, and as a result the cattle and horses must eat more food to bring up the temperature of their bodies. Three sheet-steel ventilators are used in the system installed In this barn. The central ventilator is used exclu sively for the ventilation of the mow. Each of the two end ventilators Is con nected to two foul-air passages. These passages are carried down the four corners of the barn to the stables. Fresh air is guided into the barn in such a way that it Is liberated at the center near the heads of the animals. This is the only correct system of bam ventilation. Air which is al lowed to float aimlessly around in a bam will soon become stale and com tarninated. Two Famous Men. Here is a pen portrait of the famous novelist Thackeray, written in 1845 by Edward Fitzgerald who, as the English adapter of Omar Khayyam, was to become equally famous in time: "In the meanwhile old Thackeray laughs at all this; and goes on in his own way, writing hard for half a, dozen re views and newspapers all the morn ing; dining, drinking, and taiking of a night; managing to preserve a fresh color and perpetual flow of spirits un der a wear-and-tear of thinking and feeding that would have knocked up any other man, I know, two years ago at least." « Mullen Staika for Funerals. The mulieo has had many uses. The Romans dipped the st:1k into tallow and used ft as a funer; ' torch. In the middle ages it was u- <1 as a candle wick by many people. It is reputed to have medicinal \ ;ues for both man and beast, sjnoi ig dry malien leaves and drinking umHen tea being resorted to by those having colds. It won, in England, by reason of its rep utation as a healer of cattle diseases, the name of "bullock's lungwort. In Woman's Realm Suggestion for Dainty and Useful Frock, Appropriate for Any Oc casion— Charmeuse or Panne Velvet the Best Materials to Be Employed—Three Styles That Are Among the Best of the New Hats. Here is a frock for afternoon wear which will give its owners the sense of being well and appropriately dressed for many occasions. It is made of one of the soft weaves in silk or satin which are christened with new names occasionally, for the sake of variety. Charmeuse will suggest about the texture and luster that are of greatest advantage to the designer in gowns of this kind. Panne velvet is a good substitute for silk or satin, In the winter season, although more gowns are made of satin than of the other materials. The skirt is straight-hanging and weighted with a wide hem. The side panels are shirred into many parallel folds at the top, which extend to the ; m . y: , m V+ , ► 1 • it; Éjtir. ■ \ Üfcl SB i mm j 111 » A ■: :■ I i M: I : . A m ■: . i:¥ V . / m I :• ■: ill ••• v' : ; : : ' > : m J" SUITED TO MANY pockets. The large pockets are fea tured in this model by covering them with an embroidered pattern which In troduces fine metallic threads among those of heavy silk that make up the design. The skirt is joined to the bodice at the normal waistline, and the bodice opens down the front. It is cut in at the neck, extending to the bust line, and buttons from there to the bottom with small satin-covered buttons. A narrow collar of fine organdie or batiste finishes the neck opening. A novel decoration for the bodice ap pears in the wide band of embroidered satin that is wrapped about it over the bust and above the waist It termi nates In a pointed end at the left side, where it fastens. The sleeves are plain to the elbow. From this point to the wrist they are : ÿ f? mk iffy. tV M Çï®: V PLEASING TYPES narrowed and are long enough to wrinkle on the forearm and cover the wrist. Narrow bands of embroidery outline the wrist and opening at the upper arm, which extends to the el bow. They fasten with snap fasteners and are quaintly finished with a nar row ruching of organdie along the opening and about the wrist. Three new hats belonging to types that are always pleasing are shown Fruits for Hat Trimmings. Fruits are practically the only trim mings for bats which are seasonable. Satins and velvets, laces and gauzes are worn interchangeably, winter and aummer. The summer felt hat Is an accepted article of headwear. Indi viduals may wear sparing hats trimmed with cherries and early summer hats trimmed with currants late in the sea son, but no respectable dealer would show them. They must appear in sea son, although they may exceed na ture in color and design. A rather is of of in a In here. They have been chosen from among many others that are destined to add zest to Ufe for the younger women during the coming winter. Two of these hats are broad-brimmed, dig nified and picturesque shapes, and the third is a moderately small jaunty affair. The hat to the left is of gray velvet faced with rose crepe and has a crown covered by rows of chenille of the same shade of gray as the velvet The brim is wide and droops a little. It is trimmed with a flat rose made of embroidery in dark red rose shades. There is a single embroidered leaf and a long and slender stem of chenille that rests on the brim. The small hat at the right is in pur a ; m III L , m ' If K ^ f < W: \ 4 \ • •' A M •: .. &>Yj m $ m M ■ s I ;< >. i'j <B mj MANY OCCASIONS. pie velvet and is shown In other colora It has a pert bow perched on the brim near its edge, finished with a long pointed end. The big hat at the bottom of the picture is of white hatters' plush faced with velvet in the color of moleskin. There Is a heavy chenille lattice work about the side crown, in the same color as the facing, and three little ostrich tips, also in taupe, are perched at the back as if to draw attention to th* lift in the brim. A small painted apple of velvet is set in two velvet leaves at the right front No color takes precedence over taupe, which is another name for mole, this season, and moleskin has outdis tanced other furs. In the estimation of milliners, anyway. Wide scarfs of It made up with ermine, and smaller neckpieces made to match hats bn my gyp|l > •Ä? jgfcM •Xv&J M V ■*v * / •i . : yk[ '■if & m -, . M ■ : m ■ M BBS W.fi •; : ,v A AMONG THE NEW HATS which It is used, are among the most elegant offerings of the season. ... —■■«■■— , Being £00 feet from the ground, the windows of the Washington monument are fairly safe from prying pedes trians. small, round hat has clusters of grapes, purple, green and red, drooping from the stems of the vine which encircle the top of the crown,—New York Times. Castor Shades Revived. There is a pronounced revival of the castor shades In fabrics, shoes and gloves. This color has not been worn to any extent for several seasons; but at the moment it is preferred to the taupes and grays which were first ad vanced. GIRL COULD NOT WORK How She Was Relieved from Pain by Lydia E. Pinkham't Vegetable Compound, ' Taunton, Mass.—" I had pains in both •ides and when my periods came I had to stay at home from work and suf fer a long time. One day a woman came to our house and asked my mother why I was suffering. Mother told her that I suf fered every month and she said, 1 Why don't you buy a bottle of Lydia E. Pink ham 's Vegetable Compound? ' My mother bought it and the next month I was so well that I worked all the mouth without staying at home a day. *1 am in good health now and have told lots of girls about it"—Miss Clarice Morin, 22 Russell Street, Taunton, Mass. Thousands of girls suffer in silence every month rather than consult a phy sician. If girls who are troubled with painful or irregular periods, backache, headache, dragging-down sensations, faihting spells or indigestion would take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound, a safe and pure remedy made from roots and herbs, much suffering might be avoided. Write to Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn, Mass, (confidential) for free advicewhich will prove helpfni. ■ ■ ' w Tp I The Army of Constipation Is Growing Smaller Every Day. CARTER'S LITTLE LIVER PILLS responsible — they not only give relief . — they perma- A nentjycure Cos-^fl »tip« tion. Mil^ll lions use them for Bilieuse««, ^ Isdifettira, Side Headache, Sallow Skin. SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE. Genuine must bear Signature are Carters • ITTLE IlVER I PILLS. . PARKER'S . _ HAIR BALSAM . A Sell«* prepsraMos of wert*. Help« te ersdlcete d «mim ff. _ Fer Rectorins Celer sad Beeoty to Grey er Faded Heir, t*c- «ad St«« at Dmrrlet». i' t* t V \ Cheap Cooking Range. An electrical toy range has lately been invented which can be made of real utility In a small apartment. At a demonstration recently given u hearty meal for five persons was cooked at the expense of 12 cents' worth of current. The little stove in cludes an oven and six small hot plates. The meal cooked included a five-pound roast, boiled potatoes, biscuit, inaca Toni, two small apple pies and apple sauce. Of course each result was only obtained at that cost by a skilled dem onstrator, but the tiny electric range has great possibilities, for the adult housekeeper as well as for the small girl it was designed to amuse. N FIERY RED PIMPLES Soothed and Healed by Cuticura Soap and Ointment. Trial Free. Smear the affected skin with Cuticura Ointment on end of finger. Let it re main five to ten minutes. Then wash off with plenty of Cuticura Soap and hot water. Dry without irritation. Nothing like Cuticura for all skin troubles from Infancy to age. Free sample each by mail with Book. Address, postcard, Cuticura, Dept I« Boston. Sold everywhere.—Adr. Cheap. "How did you make out with your garden this year?" "Fine. I raised so many vegetables that the exercise I got out of working in it cost me hardly anything at all. To Fortify the System Against Summer Heat Many users of Grove's Tasteless. Chill Tonic make it a practice to take this old Aandard remedy regularly to fortify the system -against the depressing effect of summer heat, as those who are strong withstand the heat of summer better than those who are weak. Price soc. Paradoxical. That fellow ha3 a screws loose. "He doesn't mend matters by get ting tight. -1 * Dr. HMry's ''DEAD SHOT** Is an effective medicine for Worm« or Tapeworm ia adults or children. On« dose is sufficient and so supplemental purge ne>ees*ar/ —Adr. Whales are reported off the coast of Maine. OH! MY BACK A stubborn backache is cause to sus pect kidney trouble. When the kid neys are inflamed and «wollen, stoop ing brings a sharp twinge in the email of the back, breath away. j3ooa there may be other symptoms; scanty, painful or too fre quent urination, headaches, dizziness, or rheumatic pains. Don't wait for these troubles to become serious—use Doan's Kidney Pills st once. You'll find no better-recommended remedy. that almost takes the I A Mississippi Case Mrs. J. A. Shuts. "*>•£«*• 821 Main St., Gresn- fctJyBt s wood. Mis«., says: ««T** "My kidneys were « badly disordered f] / and my health was / all run down. I vfc\/ felt tired, had headaches and my body was badly swollen. At times I could hardly see. Doan's Kidney Pilis rid me of the pains and other ailments and re stored me to the best of health." Get Doan's at Aay Store. 80c a DOAN'S VS.1V FOSTER-MILS URN QO* BUFFALO. N. Y. 1 ft — * Ifc.y.