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DESIRABLE POULTRY BREED FOR FARMER
. t Cv ■ 1 jfe-ç. I à 8 V m ^ IÜ I Pü V-4 wmm : x ■...'.ttA w Kiiiftiiiiiiiii ' PLYMOUTH ROCK IS FAVORED FOR AVERAGE FARM. A knowledge of the breeds of poul try will come from observation at the poultry shows and by a study of cur rent literature. Remember that there is no one breed which is better than .the rest under ail conditions. Where i one desires to produce white-shelled eggs, regardless of meat qualities, se lection may be made from the many varieties of Leghorns, Minorcas. Cam pines, ete. If the chief desire is for large, well-fleshed, market fowls, there are the Brahmas, Langshans, Cochins. Dorkiugs or Cornish Indians to choose from. Breed for General Farm. The general farm poultry raiser de sires a combination of profitable . production and egg ood-sized carcasses for producing table poultry. To fill these requirements we have numerous varieties of Leghorns, Minorcas, Cam dottes, Rhode Island Reds, Buckeyes, Orpingtons, etc. First, determine whether an egg SILAGE RELISHED BY STOCK No Winter Roughage That is Better-r No Danger in Feeding it to Breeding Animals. For wintering the entire breeding herd there is no roughage that is better than silage. All the animals will relish a ration containing it, and ft will create an appetite for other feeds * (Jows that are fed on all the silage they will consume, along with . . ... good hay, will go through the winter in fine shape and make gains. Some dry coarse fodder or straw .should always be kept before animals get ting silage, as it reduces the amount of silage to be consumed and keeps the bowels from getting too loose. The succulent feed will cause the breeding cows to give a good flow of milk, even though the calf be born in mid-winter, and a thrifty calf will result. If the silage is free from moldy or rotten spots there Is no dan ger of feeding it to breeding cows. Silage is especially good for calves that have jirnt been weaned. They take to this^Tation quicker than to dry feed ami there is usually little loss due to weaning. The silage should be supplemented with good cowpea, Clover or alfalfa hay, and the calves should have a small amount of grain. A mixture of one-half Vorn chops and one-half cottonseed or peanut meal is excellent, p fit and cracked A V. rs — FEEDING TESTS FOR SWINE Results Given of Experiments Made at Florida Station—Five Lots of Pigs Were Fed. Five lots of four 03-pound pigs each were fed by the Florida station 30 days, as follows: Lot 1, corn alone; lot 2, corn and cracked velvety beans (3.1) ; lot 3, corn and cracked velvet beans (1.11) ; lot 4, corn velvet beans (1.1) anu iron sulphate, and lot 5, corn and cracked vél vet bean meal (3.1) and iron sulphate. They made average daily gains of 0.46, 0.G3, 0.56, 0.52 and 0.53 pounds per head, consuming, per pound of gain, 6.55, 4.8, 5.37, 5.74 arid 5.63 pounds of feed, at a cost of 11/ 6.7, 5.7, 6.1 and 7.9 cents per pound of gain for the re spective lots. There is, perhaps, no single practice In farm management of more impor tance than a systematic rotation of crops. It will help to maintain fertil Ity, conserve soil moisture and con trol of weeds, and yet withal, it is a feature of farm work to which, as a rule, very little consideration is given. BENEFITS OF CROP ROTATION Helps to Maintain Fertility of Soil, v Conserve Moisture and Aids in Control of Weeds. OILED PAPER IS EXCELLENT Splendid Material for Packing Tree Seedlings—Paper-Lined Burlap Is Also Good. Oiled paper has been found to be an excellent material for packing tree seedlings, when shipped in crates. When crates are not used, paper-lined burlap rankes a particularly satisfac tory wrapper. No One "Best" Breed. There is ho one "best" breed or variety of fowls for any purpose. The usefulness of any flock depends almost much on the way It is fed, bred and cared for, as upon the variety. Is ' " Kelp Account With Pigs. Keep ad account with the pigs and know where the profits are as well as the leaks. Cow Needs Much Wjiter. The cow that gives much milk must have plenty of water to drink. breed, a meat breed or a general pur pose breed is desired. Then study the breeds under that classification and see which will most nearly fill the require ments of your market and your local conditions. Phases to Consider. For instance, consider such phases as the following: Does your market want white or brown eggs? The Leghorns produce white eggs and the Plymouth Rock brown. Does the market want yellow-skinned or white-skinned carcasses? The Wy andottes have a yellow skin and the Orpingtons a white skin. Are the birds to be kept closely con fined or are they to range widely? The Brahmas are sluggish, poor rangers, and are easily confined ; while the Leg horns are active, good rangers, and do best when allowed practically unlimit ed range.—Louisiana Experiment Sta tion. STAGNANT PONDS HURT FEET Animals Standing in Water for Time Suffer From Cracks—Dirt and Slime Act as Irritants. is Many cases of sore feet in cattle; due evidently from infection received in stagnant ponds, have been reported to the veterinary department of Okla huma A. and M. college. Animals that stand in water for a time suffer from cracks and »«res upon their feet after going out into dry, hot dust, The dirt and slime in the pond act as irritants and cause soreness, which sometimes results in lameness in the animal. Dr. W. P. Shuler of the col lege gives the following treatment: Zinc oxide one part, slaked lime part, boric acid two parts and glycer in or sweet oil sufficient to make a sort of paste. Wash the affected foot with soap and warm water, or one per cent kreso solution, sponging it off dry and then applying the pasty mixture. one HAIRY VETCH OF MUCH VALUE Used in North Carolina in Rotation With Corn and Cotton to Build Up Soil Productivity. About ten years go, on a piece of ppor clay-loam soil at the North Caro lina station, vetch was used in rotation with corn and cotton to build up pro ductivity. The soil was in a run down, humus-deficient condition and \koftld produce only meager crops, fit tended to run together aud cement after each rain. Within five years, by the use of vetch in the rotation and the judicious application of ^commercial fertilizers, the productivity of the creased more than 200 per cent, and the soil was brought to a loose and friable condition. The vetch was sown each fall after the corn or cotton and plowed into the soil during the follow ing spring after it had about com pleted its growth. as land was in CLOVER AS A WINTER COVER Follow It With Corn and Then Rye to Be Turned Under for Tobacco —Improve Soil First. Even the / tobacco have the advantage of clover us winter cover, if he follows it with corn and the corn with rye to be turned under for tobacco, bright tobacco growers will tell you that they cannot use an improving rotation and get their land into high condition without injuring the quality of the tobacco crop. If this is really true the farmer had better abandon tobacco and grow crops that will able him to Improve his soil.—Pro gressive Farmer, grower can a Many en GOOD FOUNDATION FOR EGGS Build on Meat and Then Erect Super structure With Feather Trim mings and Fancy Points. The country wants eggs and poul try, and we cannot get these by build ing on a foundation of feathers and fancy points. Let the foundation be of eggs and poultry meat We can then build a superstructure with feather trim mings. of to the Dust Bath Essential. A dust bath is just as essential to tne comfort of poultry as the bathtub Is to you. Put a box of finely sifted dirt or sand in the henhouse. Bad Flavors Result ' Warm cream should never be poured upon cold cream, as bad flavors will result; Liberal Rations for Cows. Cows that are expected to return a »profit must have liberal rations of the kinds of food adapted to their need*. 'll « Children Are Neither Angels Nor the Opposite. their conduct is imitative At First, Whatever They. Oe Is Quite Without Any Moral Significance and Often Résulta From Pure / ly Instinctive impulses. By SIDONIE M. GRUENBERG. ONALD and Louise, cousins sev eral times removed, were becom ing acquainted for the first time while Donald was visiting the city with his mother. They were getting along beautifully, Louise's mother observed. They were playing railroad with the chairs and hassocks. "Don't move that!" shouted Donald. "You'll get right iu front of the train !" Loülse continued to push the chair against which sho was leaning. "Don't do that!" repeated Donald, with a lit tle more warmth, over about half a yard. Bang ! Louise rolled over as if struck by an automo bile. She had been struck by Donald instead. D The chair moved Up jumped the mothers, naughty boy!" came from both, as though they had rehearsed for the chorus. Louise did not make a demon stration of severe, suffering, so they were able to give all of their attention to the naughty boy. "Who would ever have thought St of him?" asked the girl's mother, not expecting any one to answer her. And Donald really did hot look very vicious, with his pale hair and eyes, and soft voice and shrinking manner. Certainly his moth er had never thought him capable of so violent and so ungallant a deed. But there could be no mistake; he had pushed Louise over very roughly, very unkindly, almost cruelly. And Louise, standing by her mother's side, a picture of injured innocence, was absorbing the warm sympathy of fhe elders and gloating in the discomfiture of the naughty buy. Her mother al ready knew how angelic she was, and now Donald's mother was finding out. Donald's mother had always sup posed that lier child was an angel too, and she could not understand what had happened to change him. A pres tige of primitive superstition popped Into her head, and she reflected that having been "too good" for so long, he was about to even things up by giving the devil the upper hand for a while. Louise's mother did not seem to wonder at all. She knew that her ^filld was one of the angelic kind, and now she saw that Donald was oue of the other kind. The fact is that Donald was just angelic as Louise, and- just as angelic as he had ever been. Louise explained that she had only moved the chair; yet Donald had not only told her—at least twice—not to do so, but he had very good reason on his side, put that pile Of wood right in front, of where the train was coming, and it would have been wrecked and all the people killed. You »* as ». She •• Any boy who would of Jo up Goes Through the Motions of Light Goes Through the Motions of Light ing a Pipe and Puffing Clouds of Smoke. hesitate to use violence In such an emergency is not, quite enough of a boy for the practical affairs of life. When all the facts in the case are considered one is tempted to suspect that Louise was actuated by the imp of perversity and that Donald was moved by a finer spirit However, his conduct was unbecoming a gentleman, and Louise had only moved the chair. It is still the usual thing to look upon children as embodiments of one or the other of tfce two conflicting spirit of right and wrong. Too many of us think that a child is either an angel or a devil, and that our chief, concern In life is to adore these of the second. One thing that modern studies in HER MOTHER LOVE SUPREME Aged Woman's Pathetic Defense of Worthless Son a Miracle of Loyal Affection. Joe had violently quarreled with a woman, the proprietor of the house in which his disreputable wife lived, be cause she withheld from him a part of his wife's earnings, and in the alter cation had killed her—a situation, one would say, which it would be difficult for even a mother to condone. But not at all; her thin gray face worked with emotion, her trembling liands restlessly pulled at her shabby skirt as the hands of the dying pluck at the sheets, but she put all the vitality she could muster into his defense. She told us he had legally married the girl who supported him, "although Lily had been so long in that life that few men would have done it; o<* course such a girl must have a protector or „»ery body would fleece her; poor Lily said to the day of her death that he was the kindest man she ever knew, and treated her the whitest ; that she her self was to blame for the murder be child* nature has taught us Is that young children are neither virtuous nor wicked; they are not moral, and they are not "Immoral, things that are quite acceptable to older people, and even pleasing. And they do many things that ore decided ly objectionable. But whatever they do is—at least at first—without any moral significance. Much of the young child's conduct is imitative. When a boy goes through the motion of lighting a pipe and puffing clouds of smoke toward the celling you cannot believe that he h'as begun his descent to perdition, no mat ter what you think of smoking in gen eral or of your eurtains in particular. On the other hand, when o little girl begs for pennies to give to the blind beggar or to the grind-organ man you have no warrant for assuming that she is a natural-born philantnroplst. matter what your views on charity. Much of the young child's conduct results from purely Instinctive im pulses. So every child will lie under suitable provocation, without thereby Indicating a streak of untruthfulness; They do many Nor no his the !" lit \ h as When a Little Girl Begs Pennies for the Grind-Organ Man, It Does Not Mean She is a Natural-Bom Philan thropist. or Louise may do just what she is told not to do without yielding altogether to the demon of unrighteousness. A woman recently asked : "Do you believe in the spiritual interpretation of child nature, or in the scientific in terpretation?" This question assumes that there is a conflict between scien tific truth and spiritual truth. It i3 a mistake to assume that the lack of cer tain "spiritual" qualities is a "spirit ual" explanation of a child's conduct. The scientists have shown that the ability to choose one's actions, and the consciousness of purpose and of conse quences, develop very slowly in the child's mind. Until there is conscious ness of right aud wrong, and until the child Is quite able to choose what he does and what he does not do, it is useless to speak of the moral quality of his acts, no matter what their ac- I tual consequences may be or how they I bariuonize with our notion of what J of To say that u child's conduct is un- 1 moral does not take frohi him the pos-1 sibility of spiritual development. On I the contrary, the assumption that the I child is a moral being would seem to j leave nothing for growth. The sense of righteousness and the feeling of I guilt are not born In the child ; they of have to be achieved through trial and | suffering. ought to be done. of Safeguarding Bread. The custom of safeguarding the sale I of bread with the utmost care is as P old as civilization itself. Loaves of of bread, stamped with the baker's name, | as a fixing of responsibility, have been found In Pompeii, and bas-reliefs on I P the tomb of Eurysaces, who was a rich | baker in Rome and no doubt a good advertiser, show the whole history of I baking at the time, from the grain to the weighing and delivery of the bread. I The arms of the baker's guild of Lon- to I to don, chartered under Edward shows balance scales dependent be tween three golden sheaves. ! ' Odd Terms. The terms, "calf week," "cow week" and "bull week" are applied in many of England's great Industrial centers Jo the three weeks before the Christ mas holiday week. In "calf week" the men work time and a third, in "cow" week" time and two-thirds, and in "bull week" double time, in order to make up for loss of output caused by the Christmas holidays. H:;: Definite. Stranger—How many machines pass here a day? Farmer—I couldn't tell ye, exactly, sir ! , Tourist—Oh. about how many? Farmer—It, all depends. Tourist—Well, on the average? Farmer—Well, stranger, the average varies.—Gargoyle. Another Objection. "Then you didn't take the house?" No." », But I thought it just suited you, had enough closets, bright rooms and bit did, but my wife thought it was I bIt too far from a movie theater."— Louis- I that white ings! all. n ville Courier-Journal. cause she told on the old miser, and Joe was so hot-headéd she might have known that he would draw a gun for The gasping mother concluded, He was always that handsome and had such a way. One wintefr when I was scrubbing in an office building I'd get home much before twelve o'clock, but Joe would open the door for me just as pleasant as if he hadn't been waked out of a sound sleep." She was so triumphantly unconscious of the incongruity of a sturdy son in bed while his moüier earned his food, that, lier auditors said never a word, and in silence we saw a hero evolved before our eyes ; a defender of the oppressed, the best beloved of his rnothpr, who was losing his high spirits and eating his heart out behind prison bars. He could well defy the wo/?d even there, surrounded as he was Ly that invinci ble affection which andres both the fortunate and unfortu; » :e alike that we are loved, not a< rding to our deserts, but in respom •* to some pro founder law.—Jane Adcums, in the At Ion tic. lier. never China has a yearly tree-planting daj^ In Woman's Realm Coats for the Small Girl Are Shown in Great Variety and Are Made in Many Materials—Cap and Muff to Match—New Coiffures That Are Inspirations of Hairdresser FAMOUS FASHION WRITER Julia Bottomley is recognised as one of the best Informed women's fashion writers In the United States. She knows exactly the needs and desires of women In the small towns and country, for not many years ago she conducted a dressmaking and millinèry shop In a little city in Colo rado. And the articles she prepares for us are written with a view to meeting tho conservative Ideas of the ladles of our community. The tawdry and extravagant ■ - ■ > I ■N / - •: £ MAM !y< i ;; v , mi « Mi Mi * mm m M m m V 2 fy X »»:• ii : M ¥$: « M *5 Mi vi MM % m m m $ ' #• i Î ' ♦ v-X - y ÏM W: $ - :: M, :> ..... • « FASHIONABLE COAT FOR LITTLE MAID. small girl It seems that they range through as great a variety of mate rials, and almost as great a variety of styles, as coats for grown-ups. All the soft, woolly goods, several fur fabrics and plashes, velvet in various colors, and flH-fur coats promise a season of rich and comfortable out door wear for the little miss, fiat or bonnet and a tiny muff made of the same material as the coat, From top to toe almost everything After reviewing coats made for the It is a fad of the season to have a small ladies wear is of one kind of cloth. For trimming, narrow bandings of the shorthaired and least costly furs are osed - Smocking and shirring P Ift .v important roles in making coats of W001 velours, Bolivia and similar cloths, and they are at their best on P lush * like that shown in the picture, must be made on the plainest lines, and muffs to match make the most captivating sets imaginable, ^ahy Bunting's father spends his time to *°° d advantage when he manages to clothe his smuil daughter In these velvet. But coats of fur-fabrics or All-fur coats of white rabbit with •> * * rig tm jL , V ; : : > m m ¥ m 5 ; xÿ/:': V, H:;: ■■ m M 1 /y. ft®: mm SB +' ■» ■''■ ! ri >.>**< »L», i üé /3É ? m i &C; ; Mi' m ■ »! »xXÿ.;.»-:;» Ptl; J-****v. v . ■Tv : $ * x* m m i.-Mi. æ » . • NEW INSPIRATIONS OF HAIRDRESSER snowy skins. Rabbit Is frankly rab I bIt 0118 y ear * aud costs money, at I that * There are ' fascinating coats of white broadcloth trimmed with band ings! of brown fur, and they are quaint replicas of models made for grown | people. The coat shown in the picture is a I practical model of brown plush very durable and warm. It is so simple that there Is almost no reason for a description of It It has a turnover collar and cuffs of the same material I as the belL The fcelt slips through straps at the sides, and odd silk but | tons provide the means of fastening, j otherwise elaborated coiffure has come back, hairdressers appear to be work mg under the spur,of new-inspirations, Now that the waved and puffed and The Tartan Skirt Tartan time is here once more. It seems to come as regularly as the fall of the leaf, and Is always welcome, for to the woman of taste in clothes, tar tan, with its sombre background and gay stripes, is irresistibly fuscinating. The French woman discovered its be comlngnes* ages ago, and the love of it seems '.neradically planted in her bosom. She nearly always has a tar tan skirt or blouse in &er wardrobe, und she is fond of dressing her chil dren in it. At present the vogue is are taboo with her. Leading wholesale and retail dealers and manufacturers of women's apparel reebgnise in Mrs. Bot toinley an authority and the editor of the Ladles' Home Journal has consulted her frequently. She is at present associate editor of one monthly fashion periodical. Is a regular contributor to another and is ^fashion editor for an important newspaper syndicate. Before the war Mrs. Bottom ley went annually to the Paris fashion center, and since then has kept In touch by personal correspondence. We publish these articles by special arrangement. They have added coiffures with loopi of hair to other high and stately styles, and are showing others with small puffs and several short curls pinned at the crown of the head in the back, for those who like a lower hairdress. Among high coiffures there is one design in which a band of waved hair Is wound about the head like a wide band of ribbon, near the forehead. It allows a few orderly waves and ring lets to escape about the face, and the back hair is arranged In puffs at the top of the crown. This is an unusual and very finished-looking hairdress. A similar coiffure is shown in the picture. In this design all the hair is waved and the front hair is combed back over a foundation which raises It at the top of the head. At the back a cluster of curls is pinned below the ci'own and a band of waved hair is brought across above the nape of the neck. It will be seen that ornamental pins are an essential part of this coif fure—they finish and support it. The coiffure at the left is much sim pler. All the hair is marcelled for it and combed toward the top of the »crown. It is finished in a small coil fastened with a shell comb. This ia one of many styles to which a side part on the forehead gives a youthful touch. Jersey. Paris likes it America likes it. So it will go merrily on. It will not pass with the summer. Silk jersey is expected to remain «T winter. It makes a sipart and useful all round rig. In a coated belt dress it Is altogether modish. for wearing the plaid skirt arranged in plaits as much like the kilt as pos sible, aud strung from a beautifully modeled yoke. Brogue shoes are, of course, a sine qua non with it, and tartan stockings, too, if you would be absolutely en suite. Little coats with square-tabbed basques in dark or blue are the natural allies of th< tartan skirt green Some of the smart be rwe^m-seasor frocks of serge «te maimed with so» tache braiding. wife too ill WORK IN BED MOST OF TIME Her Health Restored by Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. of the her is Indianapolis, Indiana. — "My health was so poor and my constitution so run down that I could not work. I was thin, pale and weak, weighed but 109 pounds and was la bed most of tha time. I began tak ing Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound and five months later I weighed 133 pounds. I do all the house work and washing for eleven and I can truthfully say Lydia E. Pinkham'a Veg etable Compound has been a godsend to me for I would have been in my grave today but for It. I would tell all wo men suffering as I was to try your valu able remedy."— Mrs. Wm. Green, 838 S. Addison Street, Indianapolis, Indiana. There is hardly a neighborhood in thés country, wherein some woman has not found health by using this good old fashioned root and herb remedy. If there is anything about which you would like special advice, write to the Lydia É. Pinkham Medicine Co, Lynn. Mass. V; - 1 rm To car* costiveness the medicine oust ti more than • purgative; It niuat contain t«* alterative and cathartic properties. Tuff's Pills possess these qualities, and speedily restore to the bowels their natural peristaltic motion, so essential to —**t GOOD WORD FOR DANDELION Americans Could Save Money by Sys tematic Cultivation of Yellow Flowered Plant. It is astonishing to most of us to learn, from an authoritative source, that our annual supply of dandelion roots comes chiefly from Germany Austria and France. By the way, win* started the notion that this liigtily dec orative yellow-flowered plant should bo banished where the owner makes a pretext of a well-kept lawn? Well, dandelions were made before lawns, and, luckily, they persist in flourishing. The leaves supply us with early "greens," and the roots with something renowned medicinally as "good for tne liver." But why should our truck gardeners stand idly by while the makers of drugs import tons of dandelion roots every 'year from Europe? ' For the same reason, very likely, that American sugar-beet growers buy —or did, before the war—their seed from thrifty and enterprising German and French farmers. For the same reason that we have been sending good money to Europe for many another necessity that we might have produced ourselves without waiting for a world war to cut off the supply. Just what the reason is it might be hard to say. Probably a part of it is something we overlook when we boast of our national characteristics—sheer laziness.—Providence Journal. ♦ • IMMEDIATE ATTENTION should be given to sprains, swellings, bruises, rheumatism and neuralgia. Keep Mansfield's Magic Arnica Lini ment handy on the shelf. Three sizes * —25c, 50c and $1.00.—Adr. Contradictory Methods. "How is it you are always so ready with everything needed?" "Because I make it my standing rule to have everything in running order." Dr. Peery's "DEAD SHOT" is an effect!?» medicine for Worms or Tapeworm io »Sni>« or children. One dose U sufficient and supplemental purge necessary_Adr. M The man who declares his willing ness to die for a woman usually back» out at the last moment Argentina is constructing a single ir rigation system which will cost $00, 000.000. Is Work Too Hard? Many kinds of work wear out the kidneys, and kidney trouble makes any kind of work hard. It brings morning lameness, backache, head ache, nervousness, rheumatism and urinary troubles. If your work is confining, straths the back, or ex poses you to extreme heat or cold or damp, it's well to keep the kid neys active. Doan's Kidney Pills are reliable and safe. Thousands recommend them. A Tennessee Case C. A. Mitchell. 114 Seventh Are. ,S„ Nash ville. suffered from my back and kidneys for five years. My back got so sore and lame, I could hardly get out of bed and I had sharp twinges through my loins. The least jar sent pains all Jl through my body. I had^lx dizxy spells, too. Doan's^. Kidney Pills rid me of>3; all these troubles." »r» _ Get Dean's at Amy Store, SOc a Box SIDNEY PILLS FOSTER-MILS UKN CO- BUFFALO, N. Y. ——— *- •«Story* Tenn., says: "I DOAN'S ANY INDUSTRIOUS MAN bit devote ill r time to good advantage selling low priced tires. The Cut Bate Tire business Is a Boner maker. SCi3 son-said casings at *6-28. Small -apii&l required. Better write me ahont It at onoe. Address K. F. Janes, 17*9 »roadway. New York CUy 8QU6H •nRAT$"SS^2t. B uSw5lß •a QALLS&sSa* Aches la Stomach, Bank, Side or Shoulders; Liver Nervousness. Bines, Jaundice, Appendicitis. These lire common (iallstoue symptaJwe—CJAN BK.CUKkX). Send for home treatment. *«U»i e«* «a Jp|£JT| JT &Qfl4 mm ftaMdirC»., W-A» JI5 «, IwiMi ft,, C&tcag* zzsxr»m. W. N. U., MEMPHIS, r.'O. 44-1*1«.