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I WILSON'S. MESSAGE
President's Address to Both Houses Is Quite Short. RAIL TROUBLES COME FIRST Further Legislation on That Line Is Strongly Recommended—Bill Giv ing Foreign Commerce Promo ters Free Hand Necessary. i Washington, Dec. 5.—President Wil son today delivered his message to both houses of congress In joint ses sion. The address was as follows : Gentlemen of the Congress; * In fulfilling at this time the duty laid upon me by the Constitution of com municating to you from time to time information of the state of the Union and recommending to your considera tion such legislative measures as may be Judged necessary and expedient I shall continue the practice, which I hope has been acceptable to you, of leaving to the reports of the several heads of the executive departments the elaboration of the detailed needs of the public service and confine myself to those matters of more general pub lic policy with which It seems neces sary and feasible to deal at the pres ent session of the congress. I realize the limitations of time un der which you will necessarily act at this session and shall make my sug gestions as few as possible ; but there were some things left undone at the last session which there will now be time to complete and which It seems necessary In the interest of the public to do at once. In the first place, It seems to me im peratively necessary that the earliest possible consideration and action should be accorded the remaining measures of the program of settle ment and regulation which I had occa sion to recommend to you at the close of your last session In view of the pub lic dangers disclosed by the unaccom modated difficulties which then existed, and which still unhappily continue to exist, between the railroads of the country and their locomotive engineers, conductors, and trainmen. Railway Troubles First. I then recommended; First, immediate provision for the enlargement and administrative reor ganization of the interstate commerce commission along the lines embodied In the bill recently passed by the house of representatives and now awaiting action by the senate ; in order that the commission may be enabled to deal with the many great and various duties now devolving upon It with a prompt ness and thoroughness which are, with Its present constitution and means of action, practically Impossible. Second, the establishment of an eight-hour day as the legal basis alike of work and of wages in the employ ment of all railway employees who are actually engaged In the work of oper ating trains in interstate transporta tion. Third, the authorization of the ap pointment by the president of a small body of men to observe the actual re sults In experience of the adoption of the eight-hour day In railway trans portation alike for the men and for the railroads. Fourth, explicit approval by the con gress of the consideration by the In terstate commerce commission of an increase of freight rates to meet such additional expenditures by the rail roads as may have been rendered nec essary by the adoption of the eight hour day and which have not been off set by administrative readjustments and economies, should the facts dis closed Justify the increase. Fifth, an amendment of the existing federal statute which provides for the mediation, conciliation, and arbitration of such controversies as the present by adding to it a provision that, In case the methods of accommodation now provided for should fail, a full public investigation of the merits of every such dispute shall be Instituted and completed before a strike or lockout may lawfully be attempted. And, sixth, the lodgment in the hands of the executive of the power, In case of military necessity, to take control of such portions and such roll ing stock of the railroads of the coun try as may be required for military use and to operate them for military purposes, with authority to draft into the military service of the United States such train crews and adminis trative officials as the circumstances require for their safe and efficient use. Renews His Recommendations. The second and third of these rec ommendations the congress immediate ly acted on; It established the eight hour day as the legal basis of work and wages in train service and it au thorized the appointment of a com mission to observe« and report upon the practical results, deeming these the measures most immediately needed; hut it postponed action upon the other suggestions until an opportunity should be offered for a more deliberate con sideration of them. The fourth rec ommendation I do not deem It neces sary to renew. The power of the in terstate commerce commission to grant an Increase of rates on the ground re ferred to is indisputably clear and a recommendation by the congress with regard to such a matter might seem to draw ln^question the scope of the com mission's authority or its inclination to Largest Peanut Fields. The largest peanut fields in the world are in Guinea, on the west coast of Africa, where peanuts are grown by hundreds of tons. Most of the African peanuts are shipped to France. No Ambulances in London. London still clings to a very old cus tom in case of an accident The victim is carried away to the hospital on a kind of stretcher on two wheels. No mnbulances are used. . do Justice when there is no reason to doubt either. The other suggestions—the increase In the interstate commerce commis sion's membership and in its facilities for performing Its manifold duties, the provision for full public investigation and assessment of industrial disputes, and the grant to the executive of the power to control and operate the rail ways when necessary in time of war or other like public necessity—I now very earnestly renew. The necessity for such legislation is manifest and pressing. Those who have Intrusted us with the responsibility and duty of serving and safeguarding them in such matters would find it hard, I believe, to excuse a failure to act upon these grave matters or any unnecessary postponement of action upon them. Not only does the interstate com merce commission now find It practi cally Impossible, with its present mem bership and organization, to perform Its great functions promptly and thor oughly, but it is not unlikely that it may presently be found advisable to add to Its duties still others equally heavy and exacting. It must first be perfected as an administrative instru ment The country cannot and should not consent to remain any longer exposed to profound industrial disturbances for lack of additional means of arbitra tion and conciliation which the con gress can easily and promptly supply. And all will agree that there must be no doubt as to the power of the execu tive to make immediate and uninter rupted use of the railroads for the con centration of the military forces of the nation wherever they are needed and whenever they are needed. This is a program of regulation, pre vention and administrative efficiency which argues its own case in the mere statement of it. With regard to one of its Items, the increase in the effi ciency of the interstate commerce com mission, the house of representatives has already acted; its action needs only the concurrence of the senate. For Control and Operation. I would hesitate to recommend, and I dare say the congress would hesitate to act upon the suggestion should I make it, that any man In any occupa tion should be obliged by law to con tinue in an employment which he de sired to leave. To pass a law which forbade or prevented the individual workman to leave his work before re ceiving the approval of society In do ing so would be to adopt a new prin ciple into our jurisprudence which I take it for granted we are not prepared to introduce. But the proposal that the operation of the railways of the country shall not be stopped or inter rupted by the concerted action of or ganized bodies of men until a public investigation shall have been Instituted which shall make the whole question at lssub plain for the judgment of the opinion of the nation is not to propose any such principle. It is based upon the very different principle that the con certed action of powerful bodies of men shall not be permitted to stop the in dustrial processes of the nation, at any rate before the nation shall have had an opportunity to acquaint itself with the merits of the case as between em ployee and employer, time to form its opinion upon an impartial statement of the merits, and opportunity to con sider all practicable means of concilia tion or arbitration. I I can see nothing in that proposition but the justifiable safeguarding by ciety of the necessary processes of its very iffe. There is nothing arbi trary or unjust In it unless it be arbi trarily and unjustly done. It can and should be done with a full and scrupu lous regard for the interests and liber ties of all concerned as well as for the permanent interests of society Itself. Other Legislation Urged. Three matters of capital importance await the action of the senate which have already been acted upon by the house of representatives : the bill which seeks to extend greater freedom of combination to those engaged In pro moting the foreign commerce of the country than is now thought by some to be legal under the terms of the laws against monopoly; the bill amending the present organic law of Porto Rico ; and the bill proposing a more thor ough and systematic regulation of the expenditure of money in elections, com monly called the Corrupt Practices Act I need not labor my advice that these measures be enacted into law. Their urgency lies In the manifest circum stances which render their adoption at this time not only opportune but neces Even delay would seriously so sary. jeopard the interests of the country and of the government. Immediate passage of the bill to reg ulate the expenditure of money in elec tions may seem to be less necessary than the immediate enactment of the other measures to which I refer; be cause at least two years will elapse before another election In which fed eral offices are to be filled ; but it would greatly relieve the public mind if this Important matter were dealt with while the circumstances and the dan gers to the public morals of the pres ent method of obtaining and spending campaign 1 funds stand clear under re cent observation and the methods of expenditure can be frankly studied In the light of present experience ; and a delay would have the further very se rious disadvantage of postponing ac tion until another election was at hand and some special object connected with it might be thought to be in the mind of those who urged il Action can be taken now with facts for guidance and without suspicion of partisan purpose. I shall not argue at length the desir ability of giving a freer hand in the matter of combined and concerted ef fort to those who shall undertake the essential enterprise of building up our export trade. That enterprise will It All Depends. Smiting his lyre a mighty blow Glick Fockele sings, "What Is one man's sweet is another's sour, and it always will be so; when the cold days make the ice man dour they make the coal man dough."—Kansas City Star. Wilting to Go Half Way. Wife—"Tom, smoking for my sake? tainly, my love, If yon'll allow me to smoke for my own eake. Transcript won't you give up Hub—"Cer -Boston to the the is it to it to be be I I presently, will immediately assume, has indeed already assumed, a magni tude unprecedented in our experience. We have not the necessary instrumen talities for its prosecution ; it is deemed to be doubtful whether they could be created upon an adequate scale under our present laws. We should clear away all legal obstacles and create a basis of undoubted law for it which will give freedqm without permitting unregulated license. The thing must be done now, because the opportunity is here and may escape us if we hesitate or delay. Porto Rico's Needs. The argument for the proposed amendments of the organic law of Por to Rico Is brief and conclusive. The present laws governing the island and regulating the rights and privileges of its people are not Just. We have cre ated expectations of extended privi lege which we have not satisfied. There is uneasiness among the people of the island and even a suspicious doubt with regard to our Intentions concerning them which the adoption of the pending measure would happily re move. We do not doubt what we wish to do in any essential particular. We ought to do it at once. There are other matters already ad vanced to the stage of conference be tween the two houses of which it is not necessary that I should speak. Some practicable basis of agreement concerning them will no doubt be found and action taken upon them. Inasmuch as this is, gentlemen, prob ably the last occasion i shall have to address the Sixty-fourth congress, I hope that you will permit me to say with what genuine pleasure and satis faction I have co-operated with you in the many measures of constructive pol icy with which you have enriched the legislative annals of the country. It has been a privilege to labor in such I take the liberty of con company. gratulating you upon the completion of a record of rare serviceableness and distinction. Bound to Make Good. The well-dressed stranger stepped into the drug store and, passing by the boy who usually attended to casual customers, approached- the proprietor, who was arranging some goods in the show case. , I presume?" he re marked, pleasantly, and the druggist turned and bowed gravely. "I have heard my friend, Mr. Quom, speak of you often," said the brisk man. told me if ever I needed anything in this line to come to you. He spoke of you as a man on whom one could rely with perfect confidence, who had only the best of evrything and with whom it was always a pleasure to deal." "Mr. Quorn Is very kind," answered the other, beaming with gratification. "He is one of by best customers. What can I do for you this morning? Well— er —this morning, as It hap pens," said the stranger, with just a little briskness, "this morning I should like, if you wijl allow me, to consult your directory." Certainly," was the calm reply. "We also have a good selection of one and two-cent stamps as well as railway time tables, if you need anything of that kind. 'Mr. * He ■ ( Franklin Objects Seriously. She isn't very large, that's true, but being a county seat, and boasting of a college, several factories, flour mills, railways, interurbans and her lately acquired Masonic home, Franklin feels that she Is not a town to be passed lightly by, In fact, she knows her Im portance, and thought that everyone in the state realized it until she was taken down a bit lately. During the big conference of the Methodist churches held recently in the town a meeting of the Indianapolis presbytery was In session at the same time at Hopewell, a country church In a pros perous farming community a few miles out. delegates, on leaving the train joined In the throng headed for the Method ist church. When It came to regis tering, some of his Inquiries caused someone to suggest that probably he was in the wrong place, and he asked Innocently: "Isn't this Hopewell?" No, this is Franklin," was the proud reply.—Indianapolis News. One of the Presbyterian Rather Embarrassing. Irvin Cobb, the war correspondent, home from Europe long enough recent ly to get his breath and look over the proof sheets of a new book, attended an authors' banquet In New York. A deaf man sat next to Cobb. Far ther down the table another man told a funny story, and when he finished, the deaf man laughed and applauded louder and longer than any of the rest. "Good old boy!" shouted the deaf man. "That reminds me of a story," he added to those near by. Get up and tell it, Charlie," cried several. The toastmaster sanctioned the suggestion. Then the deaf man got up the same story the other man hatl told. id told He Was on the Job. The undertaker arose and said to the mourners assembled : "If anyone present wishes to say a few words of tribute to the deceased, now is the time, when the family will be glad to hear such. A stillness prevailed, and after a few moments of silence it was broken by a young man, who arose and asked: "Do I understand that no one wishes to make any remarks?" It would appear so," replied the undertaker. "Then," asked the young man, a» a light came into his eyes, "may I be permitted to make a few remarks about southern California and its won derful climate? of ■ 1 ; the 7 son for Never Thought of That If a man will confine his diet to bananas alone he may live to be 250 years old. That's what a scientist says. But just imagine what would happen if there should be an unex pected shortage in the banana crop.— Cleveland Plain Dealer. Fish Industry Large. The value of all kinds of fish land ed in England and Wales in wie year Is over $35,000,000, and the number of men and boys employed over 40,000, is of is UNDER U. S. RULE ESTABLISHES A PROTECTORATE TO CONTROL COUNTRY UNTIL AFTER ELECTION. PREVENTS ANY BLOODSHED 1,800 Marines Quietly Disembark and Take Possession of Custom House and Proclaim Military Rule— Trouble Prevented. Washington.—Military rule has been proclaimed In Santo Domingo by the U. S. navy to suppress existing polit ical chaos in the little republic and pave the way for guaranteeing future quiet by establishing there such a fi nancial and police protectorate as the American government now exercises over Haiti. Eighteen hundred American mar ines will maintain order for the pres ent, and at least until elections are held In January their officers will su pervise the conduct of government by native officials and disburse the cus toms revenues, which American re ceivers have been collecting by treaty arrangement for nine years. The navy proclamation was put into effect without bloodshed, It was an nounced by Secretary Daniels in the following statement: "Capt. H. S. Knapp, In command of the U. S. forces in Santo Domingo, re ports that, in compliance with instruc tions received, military government was proclaimed by him in Santo Do mingo at 4 o'clock p. m., Nov. 29. An order regarding carrying arms or hav ing them in possession has been put in effect. Payment of salaries oj gov ernment officials will be resumed Im mediately. The proclamation was well receiv ed. Conditions are reported as being normal and the great majority of the people regard the proclamation with favor. I * TOM WATSON ACQUITTED. Not Guilty of Sending Obscene Matter Through Malle. . Augusta, Ga.—Thomas E. Watson, author and editor, was acquitted here by a jury In the federal court of the charge of sending obscene matter through the mail. Watson was charged in an indict ment containing four counts with hav ing violated the federal penal code in sending obscene matter through the mails In publications of which he is editor. He was acquitted on all four counts. A year ago his trial on the same charges resulted In the jury dis agreeing. * • Canada Is Growing. Ottawa, Ont. —Notwithstanding the war, Canada's revenue continues to grow, according to figures made pub lic here. For the eight months ending Nov. 30 the revenue of the Dominion totaled 1144,812,570, which Is the larg est eight months period in the history •of the country, It was stated, and more ( than $40,000,000 greater than the In come for the same period In 1915. The total for November was $23,164,765, a betterment of $5,000,000 over the same month last year. Offers To Serve Father's Tims. Waco, Texas-—A son's devotion to his father was witnessed in district courtroom here, when Roscoe Watson, & member of the Texas national guard, told Judge R. L Monroe that he would like to assume the penalty assessed against his father, T. R. Watson, who was found guilty of the murder of John S. Patterson, state commissioner of banking and Insurance, and sen tenced to 99 years in state prison. Archbold Is Reported Better. Tarrytown, N. Y.—John D. Arch bold, president of* the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, who is seri ously ill at his home here following an operation a week ago for appendi citis is imprqving, it was stated by a member of the family. The Improve ment was attributed to the good ef fects of a blood transfusion operation, blood being given for the purpose by Mr. Archbold's chauffeur. Live Stock Threatened. Springfield, 111.—Farmers of Central Illinois are facing an outbreak among their animals of cerebritis, commonly known as "cornstalk" disease. Thirty cases have been discovered near Springfield. The disease poisons the braio-pf the animal, the effect being similar to in-' sanity. Dry feeding is said to be the cause. Bond Names Assistant Little Rock, Ark.—J. L. Bond, the new state superintendent of public in struction, has appointed Sidney Pick ens of Bate8ville assistant superinten dent of education and. N. M. Whaley of Clark county, deputy state super intendent. Colorado's Official Vote. » Denver,- Col. — President Wilson'B plurality in Colorado at the recent election was 76,508, according to the official count of the state canvassing board, just completed. ty, Republican Elected In Alabama. Montgomery, Ala.—As a result of the work of the canvassing board the official vote in Alabama on November 7 was as follows: Wilson 97,778: Hughes 28,662; Ben son $1,916; Hanly 984. This gives Wilson a lead over Hughes of 69,116. J. J. Curtis, republican candidate for circuit Judge in the fourteenth judicial circuit, led his opponents, the vote being, Curtis 3,645; T. L. Sowell 8,060, and J. D- Acuff 2,948. Curtis and Sowell were elected, Curtis re ceiving his commission. DUFFY STANDS BY HIS FLAG Qrltty Commander Refuses To Lower 8tars and 8tripes—Vessel Torpedoed. Paris (Censored).—A Madrid dis patch by wireless announces the ar rival at American steamer Chemung, torpe by a German subma rine. The commander gave the crew only a few minutes to abandon the vessel, not allowing them even to take their money and papers. The submarine towed the lifeboats in which the crew were placed to with in five miles ôf the coast, where it abandoned them. The Chemung went down with the Stars and Stripes flying at her mast. A lively incident preceded the sinking of the vessel. The German command* er gave orders that the American flag should be lowered and German soldiers prepared to put them into ef fect They met with stubborn resist ance on the part of the American cap tain, Duffy, and his crew, who re fused to haul down the colorB, saying that if the ship had to be sunk it would be with the flag flying. Capt Duffy maintained his ground, and so rapidly were the preparations to sink the Chemung made, further discussion about the flag ceased, and after the captain and crew had been taken aboard the submarine, a torpedo and three shells sent against the side of the American ship put her to the bottom. Although angry at the action of the German commander, Capt. Duffy and his men had some measure of satis faction in seeing the flag at the mast head as the waves engulfed their ship. The Chemung was registered at New York and carried a crew of 24. They found a place in two- lifeboats, and after a time on the open sea were picked up by a Spanish steamer, which took them to Valencia. Capt. Duffy has made a long report of the inci dent to the American consul at Val encia, John R. Putnam. of the crew of the doed in SHOOTS IN SELF DEFENSE Irate Husband Kills Escort of Wifi Acquitted on Self-Defense Plea. Booneville, Ark.—On a plea of self defense, Alexander Amos of Maga zine, Ark., was exonerated in Judge J. W. Castleberry's court for killing Ned Laad of this city. Amos shot and killed Laad on the streets of Boone ville last Saturday night, when he found Mrs. Amc* with Laad. The defendant proved by two of the state's witnesses that Laad had a pistol drawn and was trying to shoot Amos, before Amos drew his gun to open fire. Two revolvers were found on Laad after a bullet from Amos' gun struck Laad In the chest and killed him. The defense did not place any witnesses on the stand and used the state's testimony exclusively to obtain the discharge of the accused. Todd Shepard, who, with his wife, was accompanying Laad and Mrs. Amos at the time of the shooting, is recovering from a bullet from Amos' gun. The bullet struck Shepard in the breast near the heart. Is SPENDS DAY QUIETLY. President Takes No Part In Special Celebrations. Washington. — President Wilson spent Thanksgiving day quietly with members of his family and took no part In several special celebrations here to which he was invited. With Mrs. Wilson he attended his regulalr Presbyterian Church, having declined invitations to the Pan-American mass meeting at SL Patrick's Church and to a joint celebration of Methodist churches. The turkey for the White House Thanksgiving dinner was chosen from among many sent to the president from different parts of the country. The president and Mrs. Wilson St tended a ball given for the benefit of the Navy Relief Society at the Wash ington navy yard Thanksgiving night Trust Fund For Children. Richmond, Va. —Col. C. D. Lang home of Albemarle, father of the fa mous Langhorne sisters, has greeted a trust fund of his Immense estate for the benefit of his children, each to share alike. Among the children are Mrs. William Waldorf Astor of Eng land, Mrs. Charles Dana Gibson of New York, Mrs. Harry Phipps of Bos ton and Mrs. Phyllis Brooks, who di vorced her husband and Is now at her father's home. Bryan To Build Summer Home. Washington.—William J. Bryan says that he expects to spend his summers at Asheville, N. C., and next spring will build a home there which will be called "Mount Calm.' He added that he woud continue To call Lincoln, Neb„ his home, and would spend part of each year there, including election daf. 66 Soldiers Die In Wreck. London.—Sixty-six persons, a major ity of them soldiers, have been killed In a railway accident at Herosechalen. The lnlured numbered 150, 60 of them being hurt seriously. Ludwig von Thal loczy, a well-known member of the Austrian diplomatic corps and the gov ernor of Servia, was among the killed. Salina, Kan.—The Rev. F. E. Saun ders, pastor of the Second Methodist Episcopal Church of Salina, dropped dead as he stood beside the coffin of his wife. Oklahoma Liquor Law Is Rigid. Muskogee, Okla.—Robert K. War* ren, county attorney of Choctaw coun ty, recently elected a member of the lower house of the S^ate legislature, was sentenced to sixty days in jail and fined $100 by Judge Ralph E. Campbell In the United States dis trict court here. Warren was recently convicted of Introducing liquor into Oklahoma. Wright Bomford, a promi nent banker of Hugo, convicted on the same charge, was sentenced to thirtyi days in jail and lined $100. Both men filed appeal*. it AS8ERT8 COMMANDER OF SUBMA RINE TOOK SHIP FOR ALLIED TRANSPORT. ASK DATA FROM UNCLE SAM Question of Whether Vessel Was Pri vate Ship or Transport Put Up To United State) -Serious Quea tion Involved. Washington.—Following the receipt of a communication from the German government admitting that a German submarine torpedoed the British horse •hip Marina with the loss of six Amer icans, Secretary Lansing conferred with President Wilson, and it was de cided that no action would be taken by the American government until it could be definitely established wheth er the Marina was a private vessel or a belligerent transport. In the note Germany stated that the commander of the submarine which sank the Marina had reported that he took the vessel for a transport and asked the United States for informa tion on this point. Count von Bern storff, the German ambassador, called at the state department and also sought this information. He was told by Secretary Lansing that the United States was not yet in a position to an swer the inquiry, but would do so as quickly as possible. Ab a result of the developments of the day it was indicated by officials that no action could be expected in the Immediate future on the Marina case, admittedly one of the two most seri ous pending between the United States and Germany. The other is the British liner Arabia, sunk in the Med iterranean. CONVICTS GOODWIN SLAYER John Rlzen8ky Convicted of Killing "Underworld Queen"—Burglary Alleged Motive. Memphis, Tenn.—While many good people were enjoying their Thanksgiv ing dinner John Rizensky was hearing the verdict of the jury which would send him to the state penitentiary for not less than 10 years for the murder of Mae Goodwin. The maximum would be 20 years. The jury discarded Rlzensky's story of a lost little sister whom he had sworn to his mother on her deathbed he would protect, of her ruin, and of how he traced the responsibility to Mae Goodwin, whom he charged with white slavery. The jury agreed that Rizensky was a professional burglar. It agreed that Rizensky entered Mae Goodwin's home at about 3:30 o'clock on the morning of Oct. 9, determined upon robbing her of her diamonds, but without intent to take her life. Like all burglars, the taking of life was the last thing he wished to do, because it would lead to detection. Like his kind, he would not hesitate to shoot to kill If cor nered. AVIATORS CAPTURED. German Submarine Captures Two Off Mouth of Thames. Berlin.—A German submarine re cently encountered a damaged British airplane, floating off the mouth of the Thames. The two officers in the air plane were made prisoner and the air plane was destroyed. Not Hoof and Mouth Disease. Chicago.—President Arthur G. Leon ard of the Union Stock Tards was in formed by Dr. Elehorn of the United States bureau of animal Industry that the disease among cattle at Kansas City Is not hoof and mouth disease, but stomatitis. Dr. E. O. Dyson, state vet erinarian, telephoned from Springfield forecasting the raising of the Illinois quarantine against cattle shipments from Kansas, Nebraska and Missouri. Ho told Mr. Leonard It would be safe to bring the prize cattle from the states to the International Live Stock Exposition, which opens here Dec. 4. of He He Polncalre 8ends Thanks. New York.—A message from Presi dent Poincare expressing the appre ciation of the French republic to those citizens of the United States who con tributed to the fund that wlU provide permanent Illumination of the Statue of Liberty, was read by Ambassador Jusserand at a dinner here in honor of President Wilson, whose wireless sig nal from the yacht Mayflower flooded the statue with light Germany Wants Provisions. London.—A dispatch from Stockholm reports the issuance of an official statement at Berlin regarding the ac quisition of supplies from entente sources by the Scandinavian countries and Holland. The German govern ment according to this statement is firmly resolved not to allow Sweden. Denmark or Holland to contract through the medium of Great Britain or other allied powers any purchased of provisions or raw material, the ac quisition of which would tend to de prive Germany of these necessaries. and by of and also *rhieh meets Thursday, will issue a certificate of election to Weaver, dem ocratic candidate. sel ory had and the and Dismisses Writ in Contest Asheville, N. C.—Judge W. J. Ad ams dismissed the writ of alternative mandamus issued against the Bun combe county board of canvassers in the Britt-Weaver controversy over the election to congress from the Tenth district. Attorneys for Con gressman Britt announced that an ap peal to the state supreme court would be taken. Democratic leaders say that the state board of elections, OVERTON GUILTY; TO HANG 8layer of Alabama Judge Is Found Guilty and Sentenced To Be Hanged. Huntsville, Ala.—David D. Overton, former chief of police and circuit court clerk of HuntsvlUe, on trial here for the last week charged with the mur der of Probate Judge William T. Law ler, his pqjitlcal enemy, was found guilty of first degree murder. Thej Jury was out 18 hours. The court set Jan. 12 as the date for the hanging, and granted a stay of execution pend ing the appeal. The verdict of the Jury came as a shock to many in the courtroom, which had been crowded during the morning hours with curious spectators who had expected a verdict by the noon hour. Overton's counsel, imme diately after the verdict was announc ed by the court, declared an appeal would be filed. Deputy sheriffs stood at each door of the courtroom inside and outside, and many people were present. When the verdict was returned Overton was asked by the court If he had anything to say, and he replied: "Nothing, judge, except that I am not guilty."; Sentence was then pronounced. Over* ton went back to his seat and calmly surveyed the faces of the twelve men who had rendered the Verdict. There was no demonstration whatever. STRAGGLERS ARRIVE IN JUAREZ. Say Streets of Chihuahua Are Piled High With Dead. Juarez, Mexico.—The remnants of a. Carranzista army that fled from Chi huahua City after a battle with Villa troops are in camp on the plains south of Juarez. They brought with them here the story of the evacuation of the city after four days and nights; of fighting. The dead were piled high in the streets when they left and had been covered with oil and burned, they said. Soon after 7 a. m. Thanksgiving day the first troop train brought the rag- 1 ged survivors of the de facto force which had escaped to the north. Ao companying this train was a sanitary section consisting of three second-; class coaches and "one White Cross"j hospital car. In these cars were more 1 than 100 wounded soldiers of the Car-j ranza command. The hospitals arei filled with wounded and volunteer' nurses are working to care for the officers and men who fell in the bafri tie. The troop trains which brought this: surviving force to the border left Chi-' huahua City at 10:30 Monday morn ing, proceeding to a point near Ter razas Station, where a burned bridge j forced them to transfer to another train Wednesday. The troops brought back many of their field pieces. These are parked; in the custom house yards, with gar lands of "jerked beef" hanging from their muzzles. Women camp follow ers shared in the retreat. Some of them had children, said to have been born on the battlefield. 27 HUNTERS KILLED. Record for Northern States Five More) Than Last Year. Milwaukee, Wis. — Twenty-seveni deaths was the toll of the hunting 1 season in Wisconsin and the upper peninsula of Michigan for the season, which closed Thursday, according toj figures compiled by the Milwaukee] Sentinel. Of these fatalities, nine oc-i curred In Wisconsin, five more than; last year. Mall Frauds Alleged. St., Louis.—Indictments charging use of the U. S. mails to defraud, return-] ed by the federal grand Jury Nov. 18 against John E. Franklin and Charles E. Marsh, former officers of the Bank-j era Trust Company, were made public when the two defendants In the in dictment were fixed at $5,000. The charges, as set forth in the !n-> dictments, arose out of the transac tions of the two men while offeers of the Bankers Trust Company. Workman Crushed To Death. Murray, Ky.—Claude E. Daily, son of Wallace Daily, was crushed toi death Wednesday near Little Cypress. He was working with a wrecking' crew on the Illinois Central Railroad, when a coal car fell and killed him. He Is survived by his wife, Mrs. Wal-i lace Dally of this county, four sisters and a brother. Interment in Calloway county. Kick Upon Rates. Washington.—The National , Petrol eum Association and the National Re fining Company complains to the in terstate commerce commission that carload rates on petroleum and prod ucts from Arkansas City and Coffey ville. Kan., to Oklahoma City, Tulsa and other Oklahoma points were un reasonably high. No Coolies To Russia. Berlin, via Sayville.—The Russian newspaper Russky Siovoe, as quoted by the Overseas News Agency, says a dispatch from Harbin that the Chinese government has prohibited the sending of coolies to Russia. Firemen and Police Get Inoreasea. Knoxville, Tenn.—The budget ordi nance for the next year contains an increase of 65 per month for firemen and patrolmen. Reserve officers and additional men for traffic service are also being contemplated. Thom Continues R. R. Testimony. Washington.—The joint congres sional committee investigating trans portation problems resumed sessions Monday with Alfred P. Thom, coun sel for the railway executives' advis ory oommittee, again a witness. He had completed his direct testimony and was ready to be cross-examined. This was the fourth day of Mr. Thom's appearance before the com mittee. He had already given a de tailed account of the difficulties of the railroads In matters of finance and in providing adequate facilities.