OCR Interpretation

San Antonio light and gazette. [volume] (San Antonio, Tex.) 1909-1911, October 07, 1909, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86090238/1909-10-07/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

•••*• *W~# to Mato »#Uv«ei«o to
fuy Of Ibt
Crumtry Dairy Ce. Phom 871
VOLUME ». N». 2M
Three Days of Sightseeing to
Be Uninterrupted by
Longs for Simple Meal, But
Cities of West Prepare
Bounteous Banquets.
Amocl<Bb4 Prata.
El Portal, CaL, Ort. 7.—ln the wil
derne## on the western slope of the
Sierras, away from the crowds and the
necessity of speech making. President
Taft traveled by stage coach today to
ward the wonderful Mariposa grove of
big trees. It is an eight-hour ride to
Wawona,* where the party will spend
the night at a lonely tavern on the out
skirts of the Yosemite valley, before
starting Friday morning to penetrate
the Mariposa grove. The president and
party left this little terminal station
sn the Yosemite Valley railroad at 7
a. m., the Jittle settlement of Cbinqua
pin being selected as the place for
luncheon to be served. The scheduled
time for arrival at Wawona is between
4 and 5 p. m.
The president has three days of sight
seeing and restful traveling before him
in and around the Yosemite and there
is not a speech of any sort in sight un
til Fresno, Cal., is reached next Sunday
Despite many suggestions from th*
white bouse at Washington, which have
been telegraphed ahead, the hospitable
ities of the west continue to vie with
other in preparing elaborate bills of
fare for the presidential banquets. Taft
has almost given up the idea of getting
simple food at any public function, but
takes the situation philosophically.
President Taft, after speuring to
night at Wawona, ad visiting the big
trees tomorrow forenoon, will proceed
into’the valley. He probably will spe id
. Friday -night at Glacier Point or at
( the Sentinel hotel. On Saturday he will
return to El Portal, spend the night
and early Sunday morning and resume
Ms journey toward Los Angeles, arriv
ing Monday morning.
While in Yosemite pork, the president
will not be entirely cut off from com
munication with the outside world. Tel
ephone wire, equipped with telegraph
instruments, is in easy reach.
Special Dispatch.
Childress, Tex., Oct. 7. —Rain fell
over the lower Pan Handle early this
morning, accompanied by a fierce elec
trical display. It is the first rain for
some time and will be of great benefit
tn farmers and stockmen.
Two more changes were made yester
day of officers of the San Antonio
Traction company, in which E. J.
Rhoades, former claim agent, was trans
fered to the legal department, and R.
L. Bridgman again resumed his duties
as claim agent of the company. The
changes were effective yesterday and
both officials assumed their respective
The appointment of Mr. Rhondfs is
* promotion from the fact that his title
in the future will read assistant gen
eral attornev of the traction company
and he will be associated«with Messrs.
Ogden, Brooks 4 Napier, in all liti
gation of that corporation. The new ap
pointee is a young attorney, having
heensadmitted to the bar in this city
last February.
Mr. Bridgman, who recenly resigned
to accept the position of claim agent
with the Dallas Traction company and
who resumed his position with the local
Company yesterday, in speaking of his
return to San Antonio today, said:
“There may be larger cities and cor
porations in the country, but give me
San Antonio as a place to live and the
San \ntonoi Traction company every
time.” .*
FORTIFY two towns.
Aisociate<f Pros.
Melilla, Oct. 7. —Spanish troops to
day are engaged in fortifying Nador
and Zehtan. Block houses will be
e’ected, guns of a large caliber install
ed and a railroad built between the
two towns.
Spedil Dlapatch.
Washington, Oct. 9.—Government ac
tion today assures the establishment of
a big national quarantine station near
Galveston soon. It was announced this
afternoon that a board composed of
Surgeon H. White, Captain Oakes and
Lieut. Herwell has been chosen to se
lect • site. The members will go to >
' * '\.
May Be Called Next Week and
Pompeo Coppini Will Out
line His plans.
Pres. Cook, Chamber of Com
merce, Believes Money for
it Can Easily Be Raised.
A mam meeting at the Chamber of
Commerce, at which Pompeo Coppini
will outline his plan for the erection of
a vast stadium at San Pedro springs,
satisfying San Antonio’s need for an
auditorium for all time, will probably
be called for some evening next week.
At a conference yesterday afternoon
between Mayor Callaghuu and Fred W.
Cook, president of *he Chamber of Com
merce, the stadium idea was given new
life. Mr. Cook advanced the belief that
the necessary money to start the project
could be easily raised and that a bond
issue would take care of the remainder
of the expense.
The plau of Mr. Coppini is for a sta
dium seating 20.000 persons, to be of
concrete construction and to be located
in the cavity already dng where the
city has maintained its gravel pits and
rock quarry at the north end of San
Pedro springs. Around this excavation
the ground rises to a height of 30 to 4')
feet, making a natural stadium loca
tion. Mr. Coppini’s idea is to terrace
the sides of these hills into steps, which
are to be covered with concrete, the
whole to bo decorated with pillars if
bronze or stone, decorative lamps, etc.
It is the estimate M Mr. Cook that
$15,000 would be sufficient funds with
which to begin the project. Its final
cost would probably reach about $50.-
000. which is only about half what has
been estimated for an auditorium.
Mayor Callaghan declares that the
city will stand behind the Chamber of
Commerce in the movement. At the
public meeting ideas will be called for
from all San Autonio and Mr. Coppini
will fully outline his plan. It is the
general idea that the stadium should be
ready for the Trans-Mississippi Com
mercial Congress next year.
Petition Merchants to Refuse
Advances to Planters Who
Do Not Destroy Plants
Associated Preis
Natchez, Miss., Oct. 7.—A novel
method of forwarding the movement
against the boll weevil was advanced
here yesterday when the farmers' meet
ing was addressed by experts of the
federal government and adopted resolu
tions petitioning merchants to make no
advances to planters who fail to de
stroy cotton stalks by Nov. 1. It de
clared this would be a means of ward
ing off a return of the pest in a great
measure next season.
George W. Brackenridge in behalf of
the San Antonio National bank and the
San Antonio Loan 4 Trust company,
which controls a frontage of 64 feet on
the north aide of West Commerce
street, signed a contract yestyday aft
ernoon donating $B4OO toward the fund
to be used in the widening of this thor
The donation' I’y Colonel Bracken
ridge practically assures the widening
of Commerce street from Main plaza
to Alamo street, the total amount of
subscriptions to date being $54,150 With
alt of the large property owners sign
ed up and others promising to do so
within the next few days.
Texas soon and inspect the submerged
land south of Bolivar roads, containing
one thousand acres. This tract was
given to the government by Texas twe
years ago. The establishment of i
quarantine station indicates the efforts
of the government to turn the tide oi
immigration through Galveston instead
of New York.
CONE 10 cm
Over 3000 Come in Fourteen
Hours Over Katy and I. &
G. N, Railroads.* <
All Are From the North and
East and Bring Money to
Buy Homes in Texas.
San Antonio's population was iu
creased during the past 14 hours to th"
extent of over 3000 people, who came
in oter the Missouri, Kansas 4 Texas
and the International & Great North
ern railroads from points in tbr north
and east.
As a result of the big movement of
homeseeker# to this section the streets
today are full of strange face* and the
visitors arc busy iu viewing the sights
of the town aud the hotels and restau
rants are catching their share of the
The movement began last uight at
8:15 o'clock, when the Katy Umitel
arrived in the city on time, with sev
eral extra coaches on the train and the
ears were loaded to the guards with
several hundred visitors.
The Intarnational & Great Northern
also brought in its quota of landseck 1
ers last night and this was followed >
this morning by that road in bringing
in several hundred more. The Flyer on
the Katy reaching the eity this morn
ing had several extra coaches attached
and all were crowded with passenger®, j
This roud also brought in a special I
landmen's excursion at 10:30 o'clock
and the 10 coaches and sleepers had
their capacity loads. Some of the ex-1
enrsionists arriving last night and this ।
morning will go to the coast country
in search of homes, while a large ma
jority will seek locations in this vi
cinity. . . .
The number of people now here will
b P augmented tomorrow by the arrive!
of several hundred people w-ho went
over to Houston and Galveston today
to inspect that section of the country j
before coming here.
The class of people brought in last;
night aud this morning are all of the
desirable kind and have the money
with which to purchase homes. Many |
of them have made the trip to San"!
Antonio before, but this time they have |
decided to locate here.
Associated Press.
Providence, R. 1., Oct. 7. —The Rhode
Island democratic state convention met
hero today and adopted a platform
which condemns the Aldrich tariff law
“as the most outrageous and unfair tar
iff ever enacted by the American con-
gress. ’ ’
It demands the election of United
States senators by direct vote of the
people, “a system under which,” the
resolution declares, “Nelson W. Aid
rich cannot be returned to the senate
from this state.” The vote of every
democratic member of the incoming
general assembly was pledged to sup
port the income tax amendment to the
national constitution,
Mrs. Carrie Black, who was recently
shot by her husband, ■ Edward Black,
nt the home of the former's mother,
Mrs. Bippert, near Lytle, after hover
ing between life and death for several
weeks, was able to sit up yesterday for
the first time since the shootiug. Mrs.
Black is still with her mother and her
attending physician says that she will
fully recover in the course of time.
At the time of the shooting. Black
was shot in return by Arthur Bippert,
a younger brother of Mrs. Black, as
the former was making his escape
through a window of the Bippert home.
Ou the following morning the dead
body of Blacli was found near the Bip
pert home.
It, is rumored that the names of Rev.
Cornelius Van De Ven, bishop of Nat
chitoches, Louisiana; Rev. J. M. Kou
delka, auxiliary bishop to Bishop Gar
ley of the diocese of Cleveland, Ohio,
and Rev. Father Augustine Heuchemer
chancellor of the San Antonio diocese,
were the names selected as a successor
to Bisiiop Forest, of this diocese, but
the rumor cannot be officially cor.
Ar-hbisbop Blenk will call a meeting
at New Orleans in the near future for
the purpose of having the other bishops
of the country decide on the names
nominated in this diocese for the ap
pointment of a coadjutor.
SMS Sil 1110110
me mi
toMlal Dnpm
Au»tin, Tex. ii ( , 7.—George J.
Clough, uttormv f„r the Texae Brow*
ere' association <■ hen* todav cou.ulting
with the attorney general. Ho aa
nonneej that mute are to be inatitntej
ngainet »o called ■social ” dubs in oth
er Texae cities besides Dallas, ft it in
timated that suit may be brought
against tome of these clubs at Han An
toni#. •,
01 THE 110 UTES
Associated Press
Jackson, Mina. Oct. 7.—Ou aVplica
tion of the Yazoo * Mississippi Valley
railroad, Judge Niles, in federal court,
granted a temporary injunction re
straining the railroad commission from
enforcing the new freight rates on un
compressed cotton to be made effective
tomorrow. The chief allegation in that
the rates are in violation of the federal
constitution aud seek to regulate inter
state commerce.
Will the city of Ban Antonio or the
Salvation Army win in the effort of the
latter to locate a rescue home on River
It is now up to Judge A. W. Seeligson
of the Fifty-seventh district court. AH
testimony aud arguments in the man
damus and injunction suit brought by
the Salvation Army against the city
were finished at noon todav.
Judge Seeligson took the case under
advisement aud has announced that he
will render a written opinion within a
few days, giving his decision.
The city has fought the location of
the home within the minficipal coniines,
holding it to be a ntfisancc. The Sal
vation Army has contended that the or
dinance prohibiting its erection was
unconstitutional and that the Salvation
Army was being discriminated against.
Galveston. Tex., Oct. 7.—Local fight
fans today started a movement to build
an arena on the government jetties,
three miles outside of the state’s ju
risdiction. for the Jeffries-Johnsou
fight. Jeffries desires to fight here at
Johnson’s home. Messages were today
sent to Johnson to learn his attitude.
The sporting element says it has suffi
cient funds to carry out the project.
Associated Pres*.
Kansas Uity. Oct. 7. —Dr. Cook, the
Arctic explorer who lectures here to
night, arrived from St. Louis this fore
noon. He was accompanied by tbe Kan
sas City reception committee, which
went to St. Louis to meet him.
R. L. McKibbin, traveling passenger
agent of the Sunset, is the recipient of
an invitation from the city of El Paso
inviting him to attend the meeting of
the two presidents at that place this
month. The invitation, which is hand
somely engraved and bears the seals of
the United States and Mexico, reads
as follows:
‘The presidents of the United States
and Mexico having selected this city
and the adjoining city of Juarez, Mex
ico, as their meeting place, the city of
El Paso, through its mayor and city
council, requests the honor of your;
presence to assist in the reception of I
President Porfirio Diaz and President j
William Howard Taft on Saturday, Oc-.
tober 16, 1909. El Paso, Texas.”
The names of the committee, com
posed of some 100 prominent citizens,;
headed by Mayor Sweeney, appear on |
the back of the invitation.
For San Antonio and vicinity,
tonight and Friday:
Partly cloudy to cloudy wea-
V tlier.
Tile maximum temperature
A for the 24 hours ending at 8
o'clock this morning was 86 de
grees and the minimum was 64
Comparative temperatures for
I lids year and last:
’.iOS 1909
4 a. m. --- - - 64 65
_ 6 a. ni... • ■ 64 65
8 a. m 6-5 66
■V 10 a. m.' 6* 74
■ % 12 noon 'BO
1 p. 76 M
Went 550 Miles in 40 Hours
and 40 MinuteSi According
to Unofficial Report.
New Yoik Takes Enduiance
Prize, Staying in Air 48
Houis and 25 Minutes.
Associated Press.
St, Louis, Mo.. Oct. 7. —Unofficial re
sults of the lialloon races which started
from here Monday give St. Louis No.
3 the Lahm cup for diatan.-c with 550
miles in 40 hours and 40 minutes. The
New York took the endurance prize
with 48 hours aud 25 minutes (distance
145 miles). The centennial, which land
ed at Silas, Ala., is given 485 miles.
Assaciatsd Press.
Mobile. Ala.. Oct. 7.—The St. Louis
balloon Centennial with H. E. Honey
well and J. W. Tolland, alighted nt si
lus, Ala., just north of Mobile, aftei
having beeu in the air 48 hours. Honey
well and Tolland are now at the Cnw
thorne hotel iu this citv
A tew office of the .Mallory Steam
ship coinpnuy was established on the
ground floor of tbe Mackay building <>u
Navarro street yesterday and an
noun.-emeut was made that A. T. Tinip
son had been appointed as agent in
charge of tbe office in Sav Antonio.
L T. DeMilt, general agent of the
Mallory line, with headquarters at Gal
veston, with the new appointee, arrived
in the city yesterday afternoon and im
mediately opened the off ire for -busi
ness. Mr. DeMilt will remain in the
eity for several days in order to break
iu the new agent and will go over this
territory with him for the purpose of
introducing him to the business ele
Mr. Timpson, the appointee, has been
in the railway service in this state dur
ing the past twenty years, and when
he received the present appointment,
was agent of the St. Louis, Browns
ville A Mexico road, at Brownsville.
His territory embraces all southwest
Texas to the coast and border and as
far west as El Paso.
Enid. Okla.. Oct. 7. —Representatives
of Enid's State bank announced today
that a draft of the state banking board
assessing three-fourths of one per cent
on average deposits for replenishing !Eu
bank guaranty fund will be paid on
New York, Oct. 7.—William R.
j Hearst, once defeated by Charles E.
j Hughes for governor of the state, was
I nominated for mayor last night at a
' mass meeting of 4000 of his admirers
j at Cooper Union.
This action was taken despite his au
thoritative statement Friday that he
would not be a candidate.
Resolutions were adopted directing
that a committee of five be appointed to
take steps for the naming of an entire
, city, county and borough ticket, which
will be placed in nomination by peti
Last night's meeting was called, ac
cording to its leaders, with a view to
showing Mr. Hearst that opinion
among his followers in the old Inde
pendence league was so strongly in
favor of his running again as to over
ride even his positive declaration. The
hopes of the leaders were more than ;
realized —every seat in the big hall was
filled and the name of Mr. Hearst was ;
greeted every time it was mentioned
with a salvo of cheers.
Just 25 minutes was required today
for a jury in the Thirty-seventh dis
trict court to convict Frank Green, a
negro, of burglary. The verdict was re
turned at noon. " Green was charged
with having burglarized the residence
of Beatrice Benedict on Matamoras
A tell-tale burglar's jimmy left on |
the ground below was the principal evi
dence on which he was convicted. He
was sentenced to a term of two years ’
in the penitentiary.
Wants injunction and Receiver.—Suit 1
for an injunction and for a receiver was I
yesterday filed in the Thirty-seventh
district court by Perryman 8. Moo e
against .1- Herbert Compton. Plaintiff ,
claims that on dissolution of the part
nership defendant is holding tbe part- !
nership prop* >
Light and Gazette Posts Certified Check With
R. \V. Carr, President of San Antonio
Auto Club.
In Addition to Purse Handsome Cup Will Be
Given and Entrance Fees Go to Win
ning Drivers.
♦ A certified cheek for $3OO is deposited with President Robert Carr ♦
♦ of the San Antonio Automobile club as a cash prize for car fiuiehtag ♦
♦ with highest score. Mr. l arr will also act as custodian of entrance ♦
♦ The entrance fee will be $lO. This gos into a pnrsc for the driv- ♦
♦ ers who finish with the three highest scores, to be divided 60. 25 and ♦
+ 15 per cent. * „ * . *
+ \ll contestants will be furnished, if they wish it, with a full set of. ♦
♦ new tires at half cost, these tires to be on the earn when they start. ♦
< Mr. Carr lias also consented to act as referee of the contest and ♦
+ has been appointed or are under are either appointed or are under
+ advisement and will be named at once In each instance they will be
4- men who are absolutolv fair mid impartial from every standpoint, with ♦;
4- nothing to win or lone in the performance of any certain ear.
4- Iu addition to the eash prize of *3OO. a handsome trophy has been
4- selected at the establishment of a local jeweler, which also goes to the ♦
+ winner. Of course, the *lO6 prize carries the option of plate or easb. ♦
4* as the winner desires.
4- Exact date of Oct. 22 and route io Dallas is approved by every ♦
♦ auto num approached on subject. ♦
4- Pathfinder will leave early Hundav morning. No new applicants for ♦
4- this job.

4. * 4, + 4.* + 4i + 4»4*<5<>4 , 4 , '5*4 , 4 , 4''5’ + 4> + ********»
Matters pertaining to the Light ami
j Gazette's big automobile reliability
contest moved with much rapidity this
i morning. It seemed that all the big
I points crystalized at one time into a
j gem that for perfect color and form
I has never been equalled in the south
I went.
, In the first place the matter ot
i prizes was settled definitely. It had
j been decided at the start to offer a
i S3SO trophy of giant proportions, but
a consensus of opinion among dealers
| and private owners who contemplated
' entering the contest was in favor of of-
I fering a majority of the prize as cash,
with, of course, the option of plate to
' that value at the winner’s pleasure.
Prize In Mr. Carr's Hands.
As soon as it was definitely decided
to offer the cash prize, a certified cheek
for the amount was turned over to R.
W. Carr, president of the automobile
club, who will act as referee of the
contest, as a clincher of good faith in
the matter of purses. A handsome cup
was also selected at a local jewelry store
and if engraving can he accomplished
it will be on exhibition before the con
test, starts.
In the event that more than one ear
finishes with a perfect score, or that
two or more ears tie with the same
number of points, the owners will be
giwen the option of dividing the prize
or running off the tie by mutual agree
ment. In case no agreement can be
reached the purse will be divided by
the referee in this wise: Either a draw
ing for the cup will be held, the cash
to be split, or: An additional cup will
be purchased of the same value out of
the cash prize and the balance will be
divided. In the event either of these
methods are not satisfactory the ref
eree will make the awards as he sees
tit. and the matter will then be up to
the A. A. A.
Officers Appointed.
Robert. W. Carr has been appointed
j referee and has accepted the trust. Mr.
Carr, who is president of the San An
■ ' tonio Automobile club, is considered by
every dealer and auto man in town as
; the right man for the chief office in
t the contest. lie is well known for his
J strict sense of duty in anything he un
j dertakes. for his fair-mindedness and
business ability. His acceptance of the
office assures that the final authority '
in the officials of the contest will see i
that the affair is conducted according to
the rules and that no lax interpreta- j
tion of them will be allowed.
Dr. George M. Fairfield, secretary of
the Auto chib, has been appointed, and
has accepted, the office of chief ob-1
server. Everybody will agree that a <
| better selection could not have been ■
Imade. His strict attention to the bus-j
iness of the club has had much to do .
with its success, and that he will carry
■ out the duties of chief observer with I
i utter fairness to all concerned is as
, sured.
Dr. W. A. Hering has accepted a posi
■ tion as one of the checkers. While a |
। new member of the local chib, he has i
! had much experience in auto matters. 1
I being at the present time a member of
five clubs. lie was formerly secretary
’ of the auto club of Trinidad, Colo., and
has participated as an official in many !
different contests of this character.
The other officials are under advise- !
moot and will be appointed in a few 1
Tires at Half Cost.
Entrants will be furnished with a ' i
complete set of tires at half cost. A t
number of private owners who content
plated entering the contest were de- s
terred by the thought of how much rub- S
ber would be used on the Ung trip. So t
universal was this feeling that the'
Light and Gazette immediately made ■ c
arrangements for the reduction in I i
. 1
KUH IK 081
**Tml«# Lite Marat*
At fountain* Order* for taMte.
C*p«lnn>. lodars olub attelr* ai d u 0...
Creamery Dairy Co. Phonos 87 1
I pi ice. (If course, the cars must be fittel
. with the now tires when they leavf
here. This will bo an added incentive to
1 the individual entrants, and a number
I have signified their intention of taking
i the trip.
i ' Furies For Driven.
Iu order to guarantee good firth.on
the part of entrants it has been decided
f to charge an entrance fee of $lO, such
I entrance fee to go into a purse for the
i drivers whii finish one. two, three. The
division will be 60 per cent to first, 20
i to the second. 15 to third. At first it WM
11 planned to ask a $2O forfeit from ail
entrants, same to be returned if thq
ear started and ran as far as 50 mile®.
। 1 However, this was abandoned in favor
j of the entrance fee purse for the driv
' ers. In ease of a tie between two can,
j 85 per cent of the purse will be divided
between the winning drivers. That is,
: the first and second prizes will be put
1 together for a split aud the 15 per cent
will go to the next driver. In case of
: more than two ears tying all the purse
* will be split equally between the driv*
। ers of the winners.
This plan is universally satisfactory.
1 Every dealer will expect his driver to
1 do his best, of course, but the added
incentive of a eash prize for a winning
। driver will do much to improve the
! class of driving on the rnn. The other
prizes will also offer an incentive to
: continue the gnod driving after a car
has been practically eliminated front
i a chance to win.
Entry blanks are being printed this
afternoon. They are exact copies of
i the official blank furnished by the A.
A. A. These will be given out tomorrow
mid entries will be asked.
Pictures of Entries.
j As fast as an entry is received the
Light and Gazette will have a photo
graph of the machines and driver made
J and wil) print cuts of them from day to
i day in the papers. These cuts will be
| offered to newspapers along the route in
' such a way that each will receive at
least one publication.
No applications for furnishing th#
pathfinder were received today and it
appears to rest with Messrs. Halff &
. Kalkhurst. The entries for pathfinding
close tomorrow evening at 6 o’clock,,
! Immediately after the lucky contestant
। is decided, photographs of the ears,
i with signs on the sides, will be taken.
। Cpts will be made and carried on the
pathfinding trip and given to papers
in each town, together with a story of
i he performance of the car.
Pathfinder Stars Sunday.
It is planned to start this pathfinder
early Sunday morning. A represents*,
tivc of the Light and Gazette will ac
company the pathfinder and not only
mark the path, but log it in sueh a
manner that there will be no chance to
mis sit. This representative will also
ride.in the pilot car in the contest and
this will be a double assurance against
going wrong on the path.
Besides the logging the route and
marking it, and the publicity work in
each town, there will be the work of
making inquiries as to hotels, the cur
ing of rates, the settling of parking
places and a world of other detail to
assure against the slightest biteh in th#
carrying out of the contest as sched
The Light and Gazette has made np
its niin-l to make this mntest a stand
ard for others at all times in the fu
ture. The Glidden tour itself is not A
stricter one than this will be, nor his
t ever been managed in a more tbor
nigh way than this paper will endeavor
o maaage this one.
Not only is the paper's reputation at
take, but we feel that the reputation cf
*mi Antonio is at stake to a certain ex
ent, as reports of the tun will be sent
to every automobile journal in th»
ountry, as well as many of the big pa*
l>ers who feature auto naw#

xml | txt