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San Antonio light and gazette. [volume] (San Antonio, Tex.) 1909-1911, October 13, 1909, Image 7

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pam sirs cook just lohfed about in
Aasociated Press.
New York, Oct. 12. —Commander Rob
ert E. Peary tonight struck a spark to
’ the polar tinder which is expected to
kindle a blaze that, will mount higher
and higher as the controversy proceeds.
। i Peary dissects the evidence of the
Eskimo boys who are said to have ac
coinpanied Dr. Cook to the pole and
draws the eonclusiop that his rival could
; not possibly have reached the top of
' the earth.
I This is the first time that Mr. Peary
made a statement in detail and in
it he carefully goes over the ground on '
which he bases his claim that Dr. Cook
is the victim of a huge mistake.
The following statement of Comman-j
dcr Robert E. Peary, which he submit
ted, together with the accompanying j
! map, to the Peary Arctic club in sup
: port of his contention that Dr. Cook
1 did not reach the north pole, is now
made public for the first time. The'
statement and map have been copyright |
ed bv the Peary Arctic club:
Peary’s Statement.
(Copyright by Peary Arctic club.)
Some of my reasons for saying that I
Dr. Cook did not go to the north pole j
will be understood by those who read
the following statements of the two Es
kimo boys who went with him, and who
told me and others of my party where
, he did go. Several Eskimos who started |
with Dr. Cook from Anoratak in Febru I
) arv, 190 S, were at Etah when I arrived '
there in August, 1908. They told mej
that Dr. Cook had with him. after they
yjeft, two Eskimo boys or young men, j
two sledges and some twenty dogs. The ,
* boys were T-took a shoo and Ah pe lnh. I
I I had known them tan t/cir childhood.
One was about eighteen and the other,
aboiit nineteen years of age.
'On my return from Cape Sheridan and
the very first settlement T touched
/(Ncrke, near Cape Chalon) in August, (
/ 1909. and nine days before reaching
j Etah, the Eskimos told me. in a general ■
j wav. where Dr. Cook had been; that I
| he had wintered in .Jones Sound and'
| that he had told the white men at Etah ।
j that he had been a long way north, but 1
that the .boys who were with him, T ]
took a shoo and Ah-pe-lah, said that
this was not so. The Eskimos laughed
' at Dr. Cook’s story. On reaching Etah, 1
I T talked with the Eskimos there and '
! with the two boys and asked them to ,
| describe Dr. Cook’s journey to members ,
jf ray party and myself. This they did j
J in the manner stated below.
R. E. PEARY, j
; The signed statement of Peary, Bart- ,
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lett. McMillan, Bnrup and Henson, it
regard to testimony of Cook’s two Es
kimo boys follows:
The two Eskimo boys, I took-a-shot
and Ah-pe-lah, who accompanied Dr
Cook while he was away from Anoratol
in 1908 and 1909, were .questioned sepa
rately and independently, and were cor
roborated by Panikpah. the father ol
one of them (I took-a-shoo), who was
personally familiar with the first third
and last third of their journey, and who
said that the route for the remaining
third, as shown by them, was as de ;
scribed to him by his son after hil
return with Dr. Cook.
Notes of their stafements were taken
by several of us. and no one of us has
any doubt that they told the truth.
Their testimony was unshaken by
cross-examination, was corroborated by
other men in the tribe, and was elicited
neither by threats nor. promises, the two
boys and their father talking of their
journey and their experiences in the
same way that they would talk of any
hunting trip.
To go more into dotnils: Ono of the
boys was called in. and, with a chart
on'the table before him, was asked to
show where he had gone with Dr. Cook.
This he did, pointing out with his finger
on the map, but not making any marks
upon it.
Show Where They Went.
As he went out, the other boy came
in and was asked to show where he had
gone with Dr. Cook. This he did, also
without making any marks, and indi
cated the same route and the same de
tails ns did the first boy.
When he was through. Panikpah, the
father of T-took-a-shoo, a very intelli
gent man. who was in the party of Es
kimos that came back from Dr. -Cook
from the northern end of Nansen s
strait, who is familiar as a hunter with
the Jones sound region .and who has
been in Commander Peary’s various ex
peditions for some fifteen years, came
in and indicated the same localities and
details as the two boys.
Then the first boy was brought in
again, and with a pencil he traced on
the map their route, members of our
party writing upon the chart where, ac
cording to the boy’s statement, they
had killed deer, bear, some of their
dogs, sea), walrus and musk oxen.
The second boy was then called in
and the two went the ehart to
gether, the second boy suggesting some
changes as noted hereafter.
Finally, Panikpah, the father, was
again called in to verify details of the
portions of the route with which he
was personally familiar.
The bulk of the boys’ testimony- was
not taken by- Commander Peary, nor in
his presence, a fact that obviates any
possible claim that they were awed by
Certain questions on independent lines
from the direct narrative of the Eski
mo boys were suggested by Commander
Peary to some of us, and were put by
us to-the Eskimo boys.
Still later, Commander Peary asked
[he Eskimo boy-s two or three casual
ruestions on minor points that had oc
jurred to him.
During the taking of this testimony,
it developed that Dr. Cook had told
hese boys, as he told Mr. Whitney and
Silly Pritchard, the cabin boy, that
hey must not tell Commander Peary or
iny of us anything about their journey,
ind the boys stated Dr, Cook had
hreatened them if they should tell any
h ing.
The narrative of these Eskimos is as
They, with Dr. Cook. Francke and
i ’ nine other Eskimos, left Anoratok,
. crossed Smith's Sound to Cape Babiuc,
slept in Commander Peary’s old house
> in Payer Harbor, then went through
Rice Strait to Buchanan Bay. After a
j few marches Francke and three Eski
. mos returned to Anoratok.
Dr. Cook, with the others, then pro
f ceeded up Flagler Hay, a branch of Bi:-
, cbanan bay, au.l crossed Ellesmere Land
11 through the valley pass at the head of
Flagler bay, indicated by Commander
I Penrv in 1898. and utilized by Sverdrup
! jin 1899, to the head of Sverdrup’s'
’ “Bnv Fiord” on the west side of Elles
| mere Land.
।' Their route then layout through this i
। fiord, thence north through Sverdrup’s j
[ “lleuerka Sound” and Nansen strait.
On their way they killed musk-oxen |
• and bear, and made caches, arriving j
I eventually at a point on the west side j
J of Nansen strait (shore of Axel Hei- |
, j berg Land of Sverdrup), south of Cape j
. Thomas Hubbard.
One More March.
A cache was formed here and the four
, | Eskimos did not go beyopd this point.
Two others, Koolootingwnh and Inug- I
hito, went on one more march with Dr. j
Cook and the two boys, helped to build
"the snow igloo, then returned without
(These two Eskimos brought back a
letter from Dr. Cook to Francke, dated |
the 17th of March. The two men re- I
joined the other four men who had been
left behind, and the six returned to
Anoratok, arriving May 7. This infor
mation was obtained not from the two
Eskimo boys, but from the six men
who returned and from Francke him
I self, and was known to us in the sum
mer of 1908, when the Roosevelt first
arrived at Etah. The information is in
serted here as supplementary to the
narrative of the two lioy-s.)
After sleeping at the camp where
I the last'two Eskimos turned back. Dr.
I Cook and the two boys went in a
I northely or northwesterly direction with
two sledges and twenty odd dogs, one
more march, when they encountered
rough ice and a lead of open water.
They did not enter this rough ice, nos
cross the lead, but turned westward or
southwestward a short distance and re
turned to Heiberg Land at a point west
of where they had left the cache and
where the four men had turned back .
Here they remained four or five
sleeps, and during that time I-took
. a-shoo went back to the cache and
j got his gun, which he had left
।' there, and a few items of supplies.
When asked why only a few supplies
! were taken from the cache, the boys
• replied that only a small amount of pro-
I visions had been used in the few days
since they left the cache, and that their
sledges still had all they could carry, so
that they could not take more.
Peary’s Questions.
After being informed of the boys’
narrative thus far, Commander Peary
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suggested a series of questions to be
put to the boys in regard to this trip
from the land out and back to it.
These questions and answers wore
as follows:
Q. —“Did they cross many open leads
or much open water during this
time?” A.—“ None.”
Q. —“Did they make any eaches out
on the ice?” A. —‘‘ No. ’’
q. —“ Did they kill any bear or seal
while out on the ice north of Cnpe
Thomas Hubbard’” A. —“No.”
Q. —“Did they kill or lose any of
their dogs while out on the iee?” A.—
‘ ‘ No. ’ ’
Q.—“ With how many sledges did
they start?” A.—“ Two."
Q— “How many dogs did they
have?” A. —“Do not remember exactly,
but something over twenty.”
Q —“ How many sledges did they
have when they got back to laud?' A.—
‘ ‘ Two.' ’
Q. —“Did they have any provisions
left on their sledges when they came
back to land?” A— “Yes; the sletfges
still ihad about all they could carry, so
they were able to take but a few things
from the cache.”
From here they went southwest
along the northwest coast of Heiberg
Land to a point indicated on the map
(Sverdrup’s Cape Northwest.)
From here they went west, across
the ice, which was level and covered
with snow, offering good going, to a
low island which they had seen from
the shore of Heiberg Land at Cape
Northwest. On this island they camp
ed for one sleep.
The size and position of this island,
as drawn by the first boy, was criti
cised by the second boy as being too
large and too far west, the second
boy calling attention of the first to the
fact that the position of the island was
more nearly in line with the point
where they had left Heiberg Land
(Cape Northwest) and the channel be
tween Amend Ringnes Land and Ellef
Ringnes Land.
This criticism and correction was ac
cepted by the first boy, who started to
change the position of the island, but
was stopped, as Commander Peary had
given instructions that no changes or
erasures were to be made in the route
ns drawn by the Eskimos on the chart.
From this island they could see two
lands beyond (Sverdrup’s Ellef Ring
nes and Amund Ringnes Lands). From
the island they journeyed toward the
left hand one of these two lauds
(Amund Ringnes Land), passing a
small island which they did not visit.
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Terms and Prices That Will
Please You and Your Purse
Arriving nt the shore of Amund
Ringnes Laud, the Eskimos killed a
deer as indicated on the chart.
The above portion of the statement
of the Eskimo boys covers the period
of time in which Dr. Cook claims to
have gone to the pole and back, and
the entire time during which he could
possibly have made any attempts to
go to it.
A Physical Impossibility.
The answers of the Eskimo boys to
Commander Peary's series of independ
ent questions, showing that they killed
no game, made no caches, lost no dogs,
and returned to the land with loaded
sledges, makes their attainment of the
pole on the trip north of Capo Thomas
Hubbard n physical and mathematical
impossibility, as it would demand the
subsistence of three men and over twen
ty dogs during a journey of ten hundred
and forty geographical miles on less
than two sledge loads of supplies.
Tf it is suggested that perhaps Dr.
Cook got mixed and that he reached the
pole, or thought he did, between the
time of leaving the northwest coast of
Heiberg Land at Cape-Northwest, and
his arrival at Ringnes Land, where
they killed the deer, we must then add
to the date of Dr. Cook’s letter of
March, at of near Cape Thomas Hub
bard, the subsequent, four or five sleeps ।
at that point, and the)number of days'
required to march from Cape Thomas
Hubbard to Cape Northwest (a distance
Mrs. Maa«le Milter, Huco. Ot<!».,
write*:— l take pleasure in recommending
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night. I used one bottle and was cured. .
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Price 50 Cents per Bottle.
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Hall Chair
The newest design In a mission
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SS.SO; special this $6.75
I of some sixty nautical miles) which j
would advnncc his date of departure
from the land to at least the 25th of
March, and he prepared to accept the,
claim that Dr. Cook went from Cape
North west (gbout latitude 80 1-2 de- !
groes north) to the pole, a distance of I
570 geographical miles, in twenty-seven ;
Alter killing the deer they then trav
eh>d south along the east side of Ring- i
ms Land to the point, indicated on the]
chart, where they killed another deer.
They then went east across the south
part of Crown Prince Gustav sea to the
south end of Heiberg Land, where they;
secured some bears, but not until after
they had killed some of their dogs, to
the east side of Graham Island; then
eastward to the little bay marked
“Eid’s Fiord” on Sverdrup's ehart, j
then southwest to Hell’s Gate and Sim
mon’s peninsula.
Encounter Open Water.
Here for the first time during the en '
t ire journey, except as already noted off ,
Cape Thomas H. Hubou... ' , en-j
countered open water. On this point the
boys were clear, emphatic and ttnshak-,
able. They spent a good deal of time in ।
this region, and finally abandoned their !
dogs and one sledge,'took to their boat, I
crossed Hell's Gate to North Kent, up
into Norfolk Inlet, then back along;
the north coast to Colin Archer penin- .
sula to Cape Vern, where they obtained J
fresh eider duck eggs. Here they cut the
remaining sledge off. that is shortened j
it, as it was awkward to transport with ’
the boat and near here they killed a
Thg statement in regard to the fresh ;
eider duck eggs permits the approxi-1
mate determination of the date at this,
time as about the first of July. (This,
statement also serves if, indeed, any !
thing more than the inherent straight-r
forwardness and detail of their narra
five were needed, to substantiate the ‘
accuracy and truthfulness of the boys’
statement. This locality of Cape Vera is
mentioned in Sverdrup'st narrative as
the place where during his stay in that
region ho obtained eider ducks' eggs).
From Cape Vera they went on down
into the southwest angle of Jones
Sound, where they killed a seal; thence i
east along the south coast of the sound. I
killing three bears at the point noted!
on the map, to the peninsula known as;
Cape Sparbo on the map. about mid-i
wav on the south side of Jones Sound, j
Here they killed some musk-oxen and, j
continuing east, killed four more at the
place indicated on the chart, aud were
finally stopped ,- y the pack ice at the
mouth of Jones Sound. From there they
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turned back to Cape Sparbo, where
they wintered and killed many musk
' oxen.
j After the sun returned in 1999 they
started, pushing their sledge, across
Jones Sound to Cape Tennyson; thence
I along the eoast to Clarence Head (pass
; ing inside of two small islands not
shown on the ehart, but drawn on it
by the boys), where they killed a bear;
i thened across the broad bight in the
I coast to Cudogau Fiord; thence around
Cape Isabella and up to Commander
Peary’s old house in Prayer Harbor,
near Cape Sabine, where they found a
; seal cached for them by Panikpah, I
took-a shoe's father. From here they
crossed Smith Sbund on the ice, arriv
ing at Anoratok.
R. E. PEARY. I'. S. N..
Master S. S. Roosevelt.
Petition in Bankruptcy—Juan Guerra
filed a petition in bankruptcy in the
federal court yesterday afternoon. His
liabilities are given as $1120.76 and as
sets $l3OO, of which amount $3lO is
eiaimed as exempt.
Fine Tailoring Moore Bldg.
Asks $50,000 Damages—Fifty thous
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her husband is asked by Mrs. Fannie
I’ulom of the Jacob Dold Packing com
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Forty-fifth district court. F. J. Pulom,
the plaintiff alleges, was killed Octo
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one of defendant’s wagons at the cor
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