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FROM FAE OFF SAMOA.
"MANNERS AND CUSTOMS OF THE faAMOANS. Citlr I xhll It at tha World's Fair Is fall of Interest for Student of Jllfl try Fioturea of Vatlves of Different V orld fair Correnpondenca 1 ULL-BXOODED representatives o t S imna arc verv In teiestlng p c o pie Of ull of the outh "-cii Inlanders the Samoa n s are the most ancient on Midway Plalsance Other are perhaps older as individuals ; of a tribe, but these people cirry thtir btory of a tribe nearly 1,000 years. 1 holegendsof this (people are all kept by one fiunilj There Is no writen ret ord The hlslorj ta handed down from fat her to son hy word of month The histnrlins as Ihey are c illed, art heM in gn it re pect bj the people, and the boy is al wiy trained b his fathci for the par M ularcaieer in life befoio him 11 J Moores who has chaige of the Ttllagers litre, has lived in tkc Sam tin Islands for many years and has made a particular Btudyofthe peoph ad their ways, Being a peison-il HsemuL yi&ffiV and they landed and called the place Honolulu which means safety har bor They remained with the 11a wallans fur some vvteks and in com piny with an itlve chief named LeaDal lualuga, thev staited ont again to find the fugitives and kill them The ilrst landing1 was at Tahaitl and from theio they went to Iloiotoura, thenco westward to "sainoa Theydls covered the island of lutullla, and afterward Lpnlo At all of thow places they found tiaees of the runaways and at the last named place the found that the two men had been turned into pillars of stone, and the people point out the stones lo this day The island was named after two of the Kings Oo anp I'ulo It was the most fertile of the group Ihtv fluallj settled there and ale there to day Slnco"they loft bunutia flftv-twu Kincs oi Queens have inled over tltru Until the recent trouble in Samoa the ruling monarch h is alway- been the direct descendant of the early KIug& Ihe split in the royal house came about inaieculiii way Ihe ruling mon arch at the time wu- a ljueon who was loved and who hud a son who was n git it favoilte Ho was a maul sort of a fellow and everbodv. 111 ed him Hunting and taming pigeons was his favmite amusement At the time the trouble started ho was on a hunting trip ntai thowestend of the Island while his mother livid at I ifag i at o it sitj miles unnj Ihe (juein ft 11 In and 'ent foi I er son to make all h lite and join her Hut the mu lehiytd Jte made the jouinej by cas stages making fiequcnt on urslons fiom the main ro id to hunt pigeons uid i ven FARMSHND HOUSEHOLD. THE AD TIO DVANT.VlES O N IN OF fp OR OP mniciA- OWINO jl smw .jmmx. ' vkjm J A. ,S&WW mSAh f7l 'UWX U "Mii1 sw ..ytmMmmk rnv ?$ w' PMmmmL I NN n x BAMOAN DANCING UIItL friend of Mataafa, he has had an ox fipllent oppoitunlty to study the folk lore of the people The acenratj of the historians of the amoans is unimpeai liable, said be During my mam years resi den o among them I have looked into the matter in a most e artful way and find that the stoiies that thej tell never vary These people formerly tired in bum itra Ihe enet time Hiey left there te not know n with any Jegree of accuracy but it was before .he Mohammedan religion leathed the peninsula liie best c actuation poss ible makes this about 1,000 jcais ago 1 he legend which t lis of thtir leav- lag- is peculiar It seems that two men whom the '-anioans call deiul gods or witches offended the people by killing a large numbei by come Hpelt They were obliged to flee and "ett the Island An expedition of men I TN tANCV COHTLME k ai women in iteen boats starter1 locu to find them Ihe onwi taken Iwas to the cut and thej fin tll Blinded on on& of the 1 hillppine iiliinns wneietntj netro a irate of Llie 'ugitives, outMnett a stotk of food ter and sUru-U ont again lin ing the westwaid winds they came to Han ail, which they t to be deserted They landed !ter tw o weeks they found there 1 earing that they were the hamoans put logs about ta and made a sort of fortiflca of it Thift operation they bC wnicn means sa etv, arm 9 thej sailed down to a ibattie to tneir sur Wl the natives friendly, after ho did arrive at his mother's vil lago he did not go at on e to her house but took his tamo pIgons out of theli cages and wts show'ng them to the villagers This angered his mother and she sent for her sister s son and made him her successor and dilnher ittd her son The descen hints of the son are Mataafa and Tannsese Thft one is out of power just at present and the other is the protege of the ttetman government for the throne The de scendnnt of the sister s son is Malietoa who Is now on the throne He is not of royal birth The m-irriago customs of those peo pie are veiy peculiar The actual cere monv is performed in church, but the courtship is out of the common When a young man heais of a young lady who is likely to come into a tract of land or a largo and valuable stock of mats he takes twent or thirty of his friends and goes to her village for a visit This of coiute sets allths girls hearts in a flutter far they are carefully guarded bj old w omen After spefttkcig a few dajs in the vil lage the yoTCg man leases but orders two of his friends to reroiiln behind This the j do, and hang around the fHtlnnd constantly sing his prises. Whenlhev think she has been won the send for the young man, who ar rncswith . lot of fiiends, bilnging with thtm from CO to 100 pigs These are killed and roasted and eveiybody in the village has a feast The young m m then proposes and is accepted, and the girl and her family go to his home ind the ceremony takes plnce Mrs IMsters Home, "Mis J L AMster, whoso skill in tianslatlng gives her authors an added illuminating touch of genius, Isaresl deut of 1 hlladelphla bhe is tlm daughter of Dr liuness the lerairk able Unitarian clergy man, who at the age of 01 is still vigorously pleaching, and n sister of 1'rof, 1 urnoss, the fara ous Shakspearean scholar Mrs Mister is a line looking woman, whose biiovv whlte hair frames a mobile, express i e face As mistress of her f ather'a house, her mothor being long dead, she dispenses a charming hospitality, her cordial, open hearted manner, united with her gift of mind, making hei an ideal hostess To this doubly tudotved home is attracted a wide circle of brilliant acquaintance!. Mrit or bone at S cents per pound U cheaper than any kind of grain The bones supply the fclbumta, lime and grit, and ateo lessen the liability of making the kens too fat VTater viillnKo Vitifti ee leil I"i Keep Milk '!roin urlint Uow to Altttmgo Oat J"otmi bout Tomato Sheep Shorn lijr mid Iluimhtld Hctps r ,IrilBtlon Tho jnoro we obseivo tho olToat0 of irrigation! as lohitlu to farming and tho protection of ciops tho moro wo beoorae Jon'v incod of it4 advantages, and thf f 1 might bo piofltabli em ploy eel in many sections vvhoie such nslsJanWj is unthought of Ono point rnst bo conceded nnd tht is, that moisture is an abstduto noctw slty In f ci op grow tng not only to start the seed into vital activity, but as a medium uheiebj tho soluble elements of nutrition aio convoyed to tho plant itself hilo it la tiuo th it an Excess Is objottlonablo nnd hurtful, ly must at the -a mo timo bo remembered that the w mt of It is also fully as damaging to tho giovvth and development of a eiop Tho advantage of using ii ligation water is (that its odlce can bo teulatedao meet the actual loquUa ments aj 1 if theio is suniciont moistuio iji th1 soil to answor tho demand of the ciop ind hold it in a condition of haltl v jjiovvth then tho Irrigation uppl mod not bo drawn upon thiols usually tho caso in tho spilng affifci the molting of snow and Uie fairoKsprinj tains has ocoiurcd, but how often Is it tho case tnat ns tho summer months como on with tho attendant hot weathoi tho sup ply of moistuio diminishes and at the samo'tlmo tho demand U nipldly incieaslnwlth tho n t iod glow th of the piiiht thb U the time tthon i I'ctiluoiO umount of benellt could be confoued by an applica tion of vvutoi hold by stoiagfl foi that pin pose Mo do not claim that litigation can bo mado available In every Instance whero it might bo needed but wo believe that theio arc sections wheie a roseiv oh might bo const! uctod to pi event the wasto of burplus wjtter and that might by some oiTort be dive 1 tod to points wheio ci ops would be gieatly bene fitted Me have seen something of tho workings of litigation in Colo rado and ulso In California although we ate awaie that the general condi tions of t climate In both states are unllkdjinost pother sections of tha countryln the fact of having a longer BUUnuUAJlJUU 1U1U1UU, UUb uie OueCbS cauJjeJsfeiQualWjis'ipiLj '1 BWSfeifltgLthBst, where rainfall is expoetetupeHodically, ciopsam fre 'quontly JTSKIyinlurod by a want of moisture, (this Is the case in Colorado and California with this dlffeionce theio it becomes a cei taint) but tho effects are whollv waided off by means of a sulatlent How of watoi fiom 6ome neighboring canal and bo cause of this crops aie kept contlnu allj growing and ate cauied to a state of perfection It Is consideied that by a judicious uso of water for Irrigation crop3 of much suporlor quality and of laigor yield aie so cuiod and this is what all farmoia dosiie Tho Bame rule At applios to culti vated crops, such as vegetables corn, otc , will apply with oqiuil force to grains and grasses, saVs Coleman's, Rural M orld a crop of grass may bo vory hugely increased by a use of water, and this too, by no addition of fertilizer In Colorado Immense crops of alfalfa aio grown thr ough tho agency of irrigation and we feel confident that tho same means applied to mowing lands of the Eastorn, Middle and bouthern states where possible, would tend to a gi cat ly incieased cipp of hay, , There is little doubt bnu that tho improved agi 'culture of the futuie will demand th uilizatlon of tho surplus water th ,ow goes to waste Ti Keep Milk I rum Souring . A man who hasL had experience In handling milk acjit to tho Boston maikot and who' never had any sour milk returned, lecejitly told an East ern exchange hoVy he managed to keep milk from sourinc; lie says In the first place the cans need at tention, especial pains being taken to thoroughly cloanso jans and stoppers audplaco thorn upon ai icic outdoors, to air or sun They aio not taken to the barn till milking tlmo, and no empty cans are allowed about the barn Particular care Is taken to havo tha uddors clean and the milk, as clean as possible, turned from tho milk pall to tho stialner pail, and pomed through a cloth as well as wire strainer, into tho cans and im mediately set lnt 3 a trough of run ning water, the terapeiaturo varying somewhat ith the weather, from forty eight to sit) dogrees The milk is stirred wjth a long handled spoon at freqlWt Intervals, and left unstoppored ojor night, but the lid or cover oi xnMirougn is ciosea. The milk isf liken from the trough the firBt thlnLuu the morning and stoppled, anus ihe morning's milk except the time of water has been urn- b to four hours By X mean, ax one time to the depot at if a. similarly tre. remaining July uea to irom ij we had to get m , at anothci 7am bj chnngo in routes It is my opinion that clean milk, placed in cloan cans, cooled to ltv dogioos at tho farm, and placet! In a milk cai wiUi ico, and roiclung Bos ton that day, so that It will reach tho consumer for tho next day's uso will be found to ba perfectly snoot I for all uses, if not tampered with by tho milkman I do not boliovo that such mill; noods any of tho so called piosoiva tlvos to add to its keeping qualities in tuc aosonco or running water, wht.ro well watoi had to bo used I should not Bot tho milk into freshlj pumped watoi, because too sudden cooling will eoparato tho croam from tho milk white tho watoi of mlldei temper ituro will not but thd vvatei should bo tenoned nftor tho mllklius stood an hour oi so at night, nnd for vvoll water, renewing onco a daj is sulliciont Journal of Agrlcultuio How to Vltintjru Cut VVurim A writer tolls tho California liuit Giowct that ho thinks tho host way to get rid of cut woima Is lo poison them Ho says "I uso syrup ot watoi well snootonod, mix with plen ty of Tails green and thlckon with flour I cut papcis sic or eight inchoa square with a cut ovoi half way Tftruugh tho contoi , and u cross cut through that to fit around treos or vines then hold thorn In place with clods and put a fow spoonfuls of tho midline aiound the trees or vinos on Uto papor I find plenty of dead cut wotras nnd beetles both on and under tho paper I havo not had a chanco to try it on canker worms but I think thoy would cat It, and it would be choapoi and better than printer's ink aiound tho tioo I also protect m joung treos with tins that olarap mound them I havo mado thorn six inches high and about throe inchos in diamotar and put them In the giound two or threo Inchos. Cut worms and beotloa cannot climb ovor thorn, and will not dig under thorn Anv tinsmith will mako them for about two cents a piece I havo used the tins sucossfuUv thioosousons " fNoiiBPiigo tbout Tomatoes. An idea has gained ourronoy dur ing tho past few years that tho tomato as an article of diet is liable, toproducoor encouiage tho terrible disease of cancer, and not long ago it was stated the use of this vegeta ble had been forbidden attho I ondon cancer hospital So widely spread had this notion become that Dr. Marsdcn, chairman of the medical oommltteo of tbo cancer fh0Bpltal, hasthoiiht itihicaMe toglVeft official 'contradiction IIe says tnat his committee has been inundated ; with lettors on this subjeot, and he : begs publication foi the following statement, which wo hope will settle the matter onco for all It is tho opinion of tho committee "that toraatoos neither piedi poso nor ex cito cancer formation, and that thoy aio not injurious to those Buffeting from this disease, but on tho con trary, area very wholesome artiole of diet, particularly so If cookod " I armer's Voice sheep Sluarlnirs Plenty of bolls on tho shoop will irequenuy scare tno uoga away I Jf the ewe Is not strong and por 1 feet how do we expect a strong and i perfect Umbp But some seem to ox I poet it. It is llkoly that ilockmasters must depen ion mutton productions or give up jheep brooding It looks that way It is claimed that sheep that will ylold at least six pounds of wool will double tho ilockmastcr s money in four years. It would seom that as long as wo do not produce enough mutton or wool for home supply, Bheep gro ving should be profitable Household Helps A raw potato dippod in briok dust is effective for cleaning steel knives. Mildewed clothes may bo renewed by soaking tho spots in buttermilk and spreading tho garments on tho grass In tho sun One pint of buttermilk In which a well,beaten efg is stirred will break up any fever in half an hour if not of too long standing A "friendship garden" is tho'latost fad for the woman who has a oountry home or lives in the suburbs. A friendship garden is one in which to I grow flowor 3 and shrubs that have been planted by friends and relatives of the owner. A good way to cook liver is to fry it in buttor, with an onion cut in j small ploces scattered over it Cook I slowly, whon done add a lump of I buttor and a little flour, stlt well and 1 turn ovei tho liver Servo with Sara I toga potatoes I - Grease stains on a caipet may bo j offectivolytieatod by applying a mix ture composed of two ounces of amonia, two ounces white castilo soap, one ounce glycerine, one ounce of other Tho soap should be dis solved, fiist In a pint of water, then the other ingredients and two quartB I ot water should bo added. Another . leclpo for lomovlng greaso Bpots re quires the application of four table 1 spoonfuls of alcohol to one of Bait OPINIONS OF FINANCE. Irtif.lne-.Ji Men With Varying Opinions as ta tho Causes of tho Scarcity1 of Money. St. Loots, July 21. A dally paper whldh has alroady mado itself a repu tation for tho wholesale Interviewing turned looso a corps of reporters tho other day with a vlow to getting tho opinions of the business men of St. Louis as to tho cause of tho financial depression In only ono detail wag thei e much unanimity of opinion. Most of those Interviewed Bald that there was very much loss stringency than generally reportodand that there was no fulllnc off In thoir business j returns at all comraonsurato with the posslmistio uttctances of public .men 1 fooveral representative business houses I reported a slight increase in receipts I for June, over Juno of 1892, and vory ' fow spoke of any falling off Tho j general opinion was that tho worst lind been seen and that money would eoon become plentiful In tho market The vietvs on tho silver question are vory diverse, although ot tho gentle men interviewed qulto a majoiity ridi culed free silver as a panacea for finan cial Ills . Ill glit on the hoels of these sanguine expressions comes tho leport of tho io 1 corder of deeds showing an increase of I oor$ 80,000 in tho consideration money In real estate deals iccordcd last week as compared with tho second or Indeed any week In July of 1892 Uhofiguies are quite a surprise, but aU"ord much gratification In real estate clrclos Work on the large buildings In the city continues rapldlj and neither tha building nor tho real ostato Intorosts 1 aro depressed, as thoy should bo If financial experts aro correct In their summaries of tho situation generally Ihoro was a great sensation on Sat-, urday when it Was reported that the secretary of fivo large building asso ciations and a real estate operator on a largo scalo had been detected in em bezzlement If not forgery and that he had skipped tho town ihe latter por tion of the report was premature, aa ho spent the following day at his own home. What the final outcome will be of the numerous investigations now being had into his accounts and busi ness methods Is not known but it has transpired that ho has boen borrowing money for somo time at a high rate of Interest from the same shvloek whoso exorbitant rates of inter est expedited the luin and Buicide of tho late assistant city treasurer. The .scandal In question has done good rather than otherwise, for it has led j to a scries cfinquines being-jainrtj which has resulted in proving tla solidity and strength of the numerous! building associations of the city. xne Btreet oar returns ior tne sec ond qunrtex of 1893 show tho great popularity of electrlo roads Tho to tal number of pasaongors carried iu tho city during tho thieo months was 20,180,745 with receiptBvin excess of 1 000,000 Tbo quarterly totals are increasing rapidly p.nd are nowalmostx as latgo ns wore the annual roturns in tho old dajs of horse cars Ihe Missouri or Olive stroet road carried more than 4,000,000 passengers, and eveiy road with a down town ter minus earned moro than a million It is announced soml-oincittlly that tho new union depot will be finally flnUhed this coming winter About 400 men aro now working on tho structuro which appears to bo nearly completed The bulk of tho work non to bo done Is in tho approaches and the track and switch laying, together with inside finishing of tho depot buildings propot. Work on the roof of the sheds with their enormous span is- very difficult In tho hot sun, but fortunately great progrosa vtn made on this during tho spring and the immense area and even acreage of glass is well nigh completo Jk Iteautlful Women in India It Is said that many of tho women ot India are cry beautiful, especially in Cashmir, but that it Is vory hard to get a sight of them, and almost im possible to obtain a picture of ono ot them 1 ither thej or thoir husbands J appear to look with rooted disgust on the photographer, and even when their photoginphs aro taken they i raielv give lerraision for copies to be sold Jn a tvplcal Hindu boauty the skin is just dark enough to g(ve a rich, toft appearance to the complex i Ion, the features ate regular, the eyes I mild and black and shaded by long silken lashes tho hands and feet aro I small and elegantly formed, the de meanor is modest, the manners gentle, tho voice law and svvee A Geojtaphical Qurloalty The northern boundary line of Dela ware is circular, because the charter I given to Fenn states that Pennsylva nia was to bo "bounded on the east by tho Delaware river from twelve miles , distant north of New Castle town un til the thiee and fortloth degree of I north latitude," and that tbo southern boundary was to be "a circle drawn at twelve miles distant from tho own i of New Castle, northwutd and west- j ward, until the fortieth degree of I north latitude, and then by a straight line westward " This makes a clrcu- I lar boundary for northern Delaware unavoidable, and the facts above set forth explain a geographical curiosity that'll as puzzled many students