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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCM INN VILLE, TENNESSEE. SATURDAY, NOV. 19, 1887.
Family Life in Switzerland. C'o'uliill Magazine. Since the application or the Code Napoleon to Switzerland, families may be regarded roughly as joint Htoek companies, managed by the parents for the common benefit. It is known that when both parents die the estate will be divided into equal portions among the children, boys and girls sharing alike. All money, therefore, which is drawn from the estate by sons or daughters for extra ordinary purposes is debited against them. If a boy, for instance, elects to be a doctor, he anticipates his share in the eventual division. All labor expended by them on the estate is reckoned to their credit. If a boy stays at home and works like a farm servant, he acquires a future claim in proportion to service render ed. It is for the interest of each member to pay off debts upon the property or to increase its value. Consequently when o son goes out in to the world, after his education has been completed, it is expected of him to remit a portion of his earnings to the family fund. This stands in lieu of work he might have done at home, and also as a recognition of his early rearing The precise amount to be thus contributed by individuals is de termined by. feeling and . instinct more than by any fixed rule. The system cannot have the exactitude of a mercantile concern ; yet it approxi mates to that standard. The result is . that both sons and daughters in a Swiss family feel it their duty either to discharge personal functions in the home or else to send a part of their gains yearly back to the common stock. Not unfrequently a son gives the father or mother all that he has made for several years. If he has re ceived advances from the family es tate he applies hjs savings to the re payment of this loan. But the' time comes when he thinks himself justi fied hi founding a private estate. Then he opens an account at the bank ; and from that moment for ward his expenditure is more econo mical, his profits stnsibly increase So important is the principle laid down by Aristotle that social institu tions aepena upon the things men own and love as their particular pos sessions. The relations in which Swiss ikm pie stand to their Oemeinde (Conv mime), and to their family, deter mine their conduct in a very remark able degree. Whithersoever they go in the world, whatever occupation they engage in, they never lose that tie of interest, as well as of sympathy which binds them to their birthplace. It is there, if the worst comes to the worst, that they have rights of main tenance. It is there, that when the old folk die, they can reckon some scrap or shred ot the fields beloved in boyhood. Consequently they only emigrate for a season, with the object of amassing capital ; and after run ning adventures in ail parts of Eu rope, they most frequently marry a woman of their own village. The fwiss rareiy Decome colonists in our Anglo-Saxon sense of the word. They rarely build up large fortunes in for eign countries. N hat they want to do is -to make money, and to come back better off than their neighbors who stayed at home. They are mod est in their desires, for a very moder ate amount of wealth places them in a superior position among their kin tired. Such being their scheme of conduct, they naturally prefer to take a home-bred girl to wife. She will appreciate the goods of fortune they have won ; she will not be above the services demanded from a housekeep er. She will inherit something to p bo added to her husband's j property. AVith. more of ease and comfort than they enjoy ed in boy hood, they look forward to renewing tne oiu rounu 01 namely joys and uu ties. This abnegation of vulgar am bitions, this piety , for the past, this contentment with the solid tilings of the world, demand our respect. The social institutions ot the commune and the family, as they are framed in Switzerland, contribute largely to the state of things I havo described. We must also make allowance for tho sense of personal dignity, inalienable from a Swiss burgher, who in his own place has no superior, and who is eligible to the highest political offl ces of hi9 national government. But I am fain to imagine that, over and above all these considerations, the ro mance of the Swiss mountains lias something to do in creating this at tachment of their neoplc to its soil Complaisance renders a superior amiabkyui equal ngreeable,and an in ferior acceptable. It smoothes dis tinction, sweetens conversation, and makes everyone in the company plea ed with himself. Add-on. HUMAN LIFE. BY KEY. J. KEID SHANNON. He said : Human life is a tangled skein. Life with its afflictions and troubles makes up a problem that is the supreme mystery of the ages a problem whose solution must be ad journed to the day of eternity. Here we come face to face with locks that we have no key to fit. Here we voy age upon waters that we have no plummet to fathom. Ood never in tended that our life in this world should be one of song and music one of tropical bloom and verdue. The divine order of things is such that the threads of trouble run through the warp and woof of every life. Sooner or later, above every one wave " the oaks of weeping." We start out in this world expecting to cross the Jordau and enter the Ca naan that is full of trailing vines and rich pasture-lands and beautiful olive fields,, but like Mose9 of old we die on this side of the Jordan, viewing from the Mount Nebo of disappoint ment the Canaan of our hopes from afar. True it is that our life has its days of rosy dawn and golden noon time and gorgeous 6uuset. But a change comes, and the serene blue of summer hours merges into the cold gray sky of wintry days. The birds are songless, and life seems like a gar den of blighted flowers. God intends that these changes from the bright to the dark side of life Shall be to us full of everlasting benediction. The sea sons of nature are made fruitful and healthful by having the fair weather interrupted by foul weather. It is the eointr down of the sun and the on-coming of the night of darkness that unvail to us countless worlds of brightness. As in nature so in our life. Were we never overshadowed by trouble what a charm would we find in this world. It would . be to us as a land flowing with milk and honey. How sweet and fragrant would be its flowers ! How bright and radiant would be its rainbows ! We would want to build our taberna cles on earth and remain here, and like the Vienna nobleman of whom Luther speaks, we would say, " If God will only give me this world to enjoy He can keep heaven to him self." It takes more grace to bear prosperity and be true to one's soul than it takes to bear up under adver sity. When a man is living in the tropics of perpetual sunshine it takes a great deal of divine grace to keep him from forgetting the God above him and the immorality beyond him. As Bunyan's pilgrim in the Arbor of Ease lost the roll out of his bosom, so has it been with many a professed Christian in the arbor of prosperity. In the troubles and misfortunes that come to people there is a voice that says: "Arise and depart for this is not your rest." ' Many there be who enter the Promised Land of surren der to God only after they have cross ed the desert of some great affliction God gets possession of many hearts only when they have been broken by trouble. As what are called "four o'clocks" bloom only when the sun is going down, so many people bloom spiritually only when thesun of their earthly hopes has gone down below the horiz' n. Upon the dusty craves oi seimicnerea nopes nave bloomed flowers of immortal fra grance. The royal Jvoninoor amid the jewels of God's promises is, "that all things shall work together for our good if we love God." Then all ap parent adversities will carry beneath their surface everlasting . prosperity Then every wind that strikes us in this lifo will be a south wind, having n its bosom eternal warmth and sweetness and blessing. They Were Country Boys. New York Correspondent. The three big men. of Wall street are Jay uouiu, .kusscii sage ana Cyrus W. Field. Each are country bred boys, each started without mon ey, and each is worth millions today, All that they have they have made themselves. In Gould and Sage the commercial instinct is very strongly developed. They are masters of finance. So is Cyrus W. Field, but he possesses faculties of mind and manner that are totally lacking in Gould and Sage. Field is fond of rare works of art. He owns some very valuable pictures. He has a fine library, and he is fond of society and likes to entertain and be enter tained. He is a man of liberal edu cation. He is well up in the classics. He knows a great deal altout politics, art, religion and science. He is fond of tho poets, and he enjoys a good novel. Gould seems to have but one object in lift'. He is a great money maker. He is worth over $100,000,- 000. Yet he works as hard for a dol lar as any man in New York. Field is not so fond of money. He is worth $25,000,000 and doesn't seem to care to make more. Ho is resting now. His life has been an active one, and he can afford to take the world easy. There is no busier man on this conti nent, however, than Sage. During working hours no day laborer works harder than he. He is full of vim and dash, and although his hair is white he has still a seemingly inex- mstible supply of youthful vitality. No one knows the full value of a dol- ar any better than Sage, and no one knows how to hold on to it better, a a. a . Ie has the reputation of being small, and mean, and stingy, but it is unde served. He gives liberally to those who deserve it, but he does not open his purse to those who are as well able to work as he. Having made all his money himself, he knows its true value, and a score of times while engaged in big financial operations he has found it to be his best friend. n his home, Mr. Sage is one of the most delightful men. His home is a palace. All that money can do to make it comfortable has been done. n society he is as gallant as a Ches terfield, and in the society of ladies he is as charming in manner as a girl with her first beau. How A Woman Buys Shoes. When a woman has a new pair of shoes sent hornei she performs alto gether different from a man. She never shoves her toes into them and yanks and hauls until she is red in the face and all out of breath, and then goes stamping and kicking around, but pulls them on part way carefully, twitches them off again to take a last ook, and sees if she has got the right one, pulls them on again, iooks at them dreamily, says they are just right, then takes another look, stops suddenly to smoth out a wrinkle, twists around and surveys them side ways, exclaims: '.'Mercy, how loose they are," looks at them again square in front, works her foot around so they won't hurt her quite so much, takes them off, looks at the heel, the toe, the bottom, and the inside, puts them on again, walks up and down the room once or twice, remarks to her betterhalf that she won't have them at any price, tilts down the mirror so that she can see how they look, turns it in every possible direction and nearly dislocates her neck trying to see how they iook irom inai way, backs on, steps up again, taKes mirty or fortv farewell looks, says they make her feet look awful big and nev er will do in the world, puts them off and on three or four times more, asks her husband what he thinks about it, and then pays no attention to what he says, goes through it all again, and finally says she will take them. It's a very simple matter, indeed. Unsusoected disorders of the kid neys are responsible for many of the ordinary ailments of humanity which neglected, develop into a serious and pernaps iauu uinmuy. mpcucucc would suggest the use of Dr. J. li. McLean's Liver and Kidney Balm. Sold by Dr. W. II. Fleming. Business Courtesy. In visiting business ottices one meets a great variety of persons. Most are kind, ceurteous, and ac commodating ; others are fair to me dium in theso respects ; another class fortunately very small are in ill humor nearly all the time, full of gruffness, and cranky, having much of the nature of such unpleasant and fretful animals as bears and porcu pines ; a fourth class are languid and indifferent in their replies to civil questions, and are apt to be tinctured more or less with a sort of supercil iousness and a well developed self importance. These persons appear to think that if they would unbend, throw off their awful dignity, and try to be accommodating, they would not be estimated at their true worth and importance. This class is gener ally composed of young men who have more conceit than good sense, and it requires a good many years for some of them to get cured, the time required for a cure depending upon the vigor of their mental con stitution. The newspaper man has met all of these characters and " sized them up," and can pigeon hole them as rapidly as a postal clerk can pigeen letters. Anwtite and sleen may beimprov- ed.everv uart of the system strength ened and the animal spirits regain their bouvancv bv the use of Dr. J. II. McLean's Strengthening Cordial and Blood Purifier. For sale by Dr. . H. Fleming. The fuller conceptions we gain of justice, the more we shall enter its spirit, and the more it will actuate our lives. THE OPIUM HABIT. The Most Abject of Slavaries Is There Any Emancipator? The New York papers lately pub lished a very pathetic story about a very popular emotional actress. It was to the effect that she had become a confirmed victim of the opium habit, involving an almost total loss of physical and mental powers, and actual destitution. The story was at once denied by her friends, who say she has suffered simply from nervous prostration, is It . 1 1 in no neeu oi pecuniary am, arm is on the way to speedy recovery. Opium victims are usually hope less, helpless slaves, mind weakened, lacking energy for any effort toward recovery, rapidly drifting into in becility and untimely graves. A peculiar feature is that victims craftily conceal it from their nearest friends. A young lady at school near Philadelphia was recently found to be secretly addicted to it, keeping her "medicine" in a school-room ink stand, and injecting the fluid into her arm with a stylographic pen ! In the Chicago Farm. Field and Slockman, September 24, 1887, is this letter signed S. T. O., from Barstow, Ky. : "I missed the paper that had my letter in, so I did not know you made the r 'quest to know what it was I used to break up the morphine habit, until 1 got a letter from a gen tleman asking information. I should have answered sooner. It was War ner's safe cure. I should have given it when I wrote the letter, but it looked too much like an advertise ment." This voluntary statement goes to confirm thoclaim made by the pro prietors of Warner's safe cure, that it is the only remedy in the world 1 wnicn nas any aeciaea power over diseases of the kidneys and liver, and that this terrible habit cannot be cured until these organs have first been restored to full health, because they are the ones chiefly affected by this drug, Editor Win. A. Bode, of Alton.Ill., was completely cured of the opium habit, acquired by long use In a pain ful malady, with Warner's safe cure. It cannot be cured at all if the kid neys and liver are diseased. It is not claimed that there is any thing in Warner's safe cure alone which will do away with the habit, except that it puts the kidneys and nVer in a healthy condition, civine the whole system that strength and tone without which any attempt to throw off the habit would be vain. It is because physicians have dis covered mat no otner remedy is so l li 1 , .1.1 " A It ueiic nciHi in restoring neaun to me liver, kidneys, and general system as the one stated that it has come into general use in connection with the special remedies for the cure of the dreadful opium habit. One of the worst features of the opium habit is the deadening of men tal and moral sensibilities in propor tion as it weakens the physical system and will power. Why You Feel So weak and exhausted is because your blood ia impure. As well expect the sanitary condition of a city to be per fect with defiled water .and defective sewerage, as to expect such a compli cated piece of mechanism as the human framo to he in good order with impure blood circulating even to its lulnutust veins. Do you know that every drop of your two or three gallons of blood p.is.scs through the heart and lungs in about two and a half minutes, and Mint, on its way, it makes bone and muscle, brain and nerve, and all other solids and fluids of the body? The blood is the great nourisher, or, as the- Bible terms it, "The Life of the Body." Is it any wondor, then, that if the blood be not pure and perfect in its. consti tuents, you suffer so many indescribable symptom's? Aycr's Sarsaparilla stands " head and shoulders" above every other Alter ative and Blood Medicine. As proof, read these reliable testimonies : G. C. Brock, of Lowell, Mass., Bays: " For tho past 25 years I have sold Aver's Sarsaparilla. In my opinion, the best remedial agencies for the cure of all the diseases arising from impuri ties of the blood are contained in this medicine." Eugene I. Hill. M. D.. 381 8ixth Ave.. New York, says : "As a blood-puriflcr and general builder-up of the system, I have never found anything to equal Ayer s sarsaparilla. it gives penect satisiaction. Ayer's Sarsaparilla proves equally efficacious in all forms of Scrofula, Boils, Carbuncles, Eczema, Humors, Lumbago, Catarrh, &c; and is, there fore, tho very best Spring and Family Medicine in use. " It beats all," says Mr. Cutler, of Cutler Brothers & Co., Boston, " how Ayer's Sarsaparilla does sell." Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mais. Price i ; lis bottles, $. Worth li a bottle. rre - -. 1 V'i'iMIN.'llM'mM ....1 lllilis ukiiillii A SPECIFIC FOR rkiAH's Diseases i flPCH , Painful fl uppniwd rofuso canty and I rreguUr MENSTRUATION or ONTHLY SICKNESS. 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When patent is granted, a drawine of your invention, with claims, your name and ad dress, will be published in the United States Patent Office Gazette, a paper of immense circulation, and the only paper that pub lishes this free. 3rNoagncy in the United States pon sesses superior facilities for obtaining Pat ents, or of ascertaining the patentability of inventions, . Copies of patPiii furulhed for 25 cent each. Correspondence Invited. 4 ro) Lexicon Mustang iiont OTTXl33 Sciatica, ejoratcheh ; Sprains, 8traiis, Stitches, Stiff Joints, Backache, Galls, ores. ., Spavin , Cracks. ' Contracted Uoscles, Eruptions, Hoof Ail, Screw, Worms, Swinney, ' Saddle Galls. Piles. Lnmbago, ' Eheumatiim, Barns, 8calds, ; 6 tings, Bites, Bruises, Bunions, Corns, tms cood old stand-by accompllihea for everybody exactly what la claimed for It. One ot the reaaons for the great popularity of the Mustang Liniment is foncdlnlts universal applicability. Everybody needs such a medicine. The Lumberman needs It in case of accident. The Ilonaewlfe needs It tor generalfamlly use. The Cannier needs it for his teams and hit men. The Mecbanlo needs It always on bis work bench. ' y The Miner needs It In case of emergency. ' The l'ieneer needalt-can'tgetalongwlthout li. The Farmer needs li In hli house, his atable. and his stock yard. The Steambeat sna or the Boatman need It In liberal supply afloat and ashore. - The Boraefancler needs it-It la lila tett friend and safeat rallance. The 8tecbrower needs it-tt will ear blm thousands of dollars and a world of trouble. The Railroad man needs It and will need It long as his life Is a round of accidents and dangers. The Backwoodsman needs It. There la noth ing like It as an antidote for the dangers to Uf-. limb and comfort which surround the pioneer. The Merchant needs 11 about hi store amon bis employees. Accident will happen, and when these come the Buatarg Liniment la wanted at once. Keep Battle lathe Heaee. Tis the beat cr economy. Kae a Battle la the Factory, its immediate nso la ease of accident saves pain and Inas of wages- Keep m Battle Alwria the Hiabla far so whea wasted. M VmsUm. InurKo. UriImfiGrnlwdSH. Fsrttnalut. iddrax Knkralm W. KntltH. PrlnMptl, of WUbnr It. Smith, Prwidnit. l.axlna'taa, Ky. Linn 1