Newspaper Page Text
SOUTHERN r STANDARD VkHMlNNVILLE. iTENNESSEE. SATURDAYS JUNE 2, ' i888.
7 Carolina Clay Eaters. Clay Worker. , . t A short time ago Dr. Frank If. (Jeti-hcll, of 432 Spruce Street Phil delpliia, went on a gunuing expedi tion to North-Carolina IlnVquest for puuie led him into the wild coun-. try back of Salisbury, which is in habited, for the most part; by a 'mis erable race of beings with only just enough energy to eke out a wretched existence. These creatures are near ly all veritable living ekejetons, arid with few exceptions are addicted to the habit of clay eating. While shooting wild turkeys and other game in this wild region, Dr. Getchell made an accidental study of this peculiar habit or vice among the inhabitants, It is a mountainous country, and la the spring little ri vu lets start out from the cap3 of snow on the mountain, and . as . the days grow warmer, the little rivulets .be come torrents, and great washouts are made along the mountain side. S The soil is of a heavy, clayey na ture, but there are strata of clay that is heavier thau the rest, and when the water rushes down, this clay is formed into little pellets and rolls and accumulates in heaps in the val ley. , These little pellets and rolls are what the clay eaters devour with as much avidity as a toper swallows a . glass of whisky. "Among the poor people of this section," said Dr. Getchell, "the hab it of eating clay is almost universal. Even little toddlers are confirmed in the habit and the appetite seems to increase with time. While investi gating the matter, I entered a cabin occupied by one of these poor fami lies, and saw a little chap tied by the ankle to the leg of a table, on which was placed a big dish of bread and meat and potatoes within easy reach. Tne child was kicking and crying, and I asked his mother why she had tied him., up; She replied that she wanted him to cat some food before he went out to the clay, and he refus ed to do so. The woman confessed that she ate the clay herself, but ex plained that the child's health de manded that it eat some substantial food before eating any earth. Al most every one I met ia this section was addicted to this habit. They were all very thin, but their flesh seemed to be puffed out. This was particularly noticable about the eyes, which had a sort of reddish hue. "All of the clay caters were excess ively lazy and indoleut, and all of these conditions combined led me to the conclusion that there must be some sedative or stimulating quali ties both, in the clay, and I deter mined to find out whether there was or not. I consequently brought a lot of the clay home with me, and Pro fessor Tiernan and myself made an analysis of the stuff, and discovered that instead of clay caters the inhab itants of central North Carolina should more properly be called arsen ic eaters.' All of this clay contains arsenic, but exactly in what propor tion we have not yet discovered. Arsenic eating is common in many parts of the world, and is practiced to a greater or less extent throughout the world. It acts as a sedative, and also as a stimulant. The moun taineers of Styria, Austria, are hab itual arsenic eaters. They give as their reason for eating it that they arc better . able cliinb to the mountains after the poison eating and their explanation is a perfectly reasonable one, as arsenicacts as a sedative to the heart's ac tion. The habit is also prevalent in the Tyrol and in the Alps. "It is also said that the peasant girls of Switzerland and parts ol Ger many and in Scandinavia cat arsenic to give luster to their eyes and color to their cheeks ; but this i3 a matter I have not investigated. It has been shown that arsenic or arsenical fumes are a Bure cure for intermittent fever. The inhabitants of a section of Cornwall, England, at one time suffered with this type of fever, but when the copper works were estab lished there the fever disappeared. This was accounted for by the arsen ic fumes created in the treatment of copper. As to whether arsenic eating shortcnslife I am not yet prepared to say, but I Intend investigating the matter thoroughly." - The Roman Catacombs. -As reported in the Architect, Lon don, a lecture was delivered lately in Liverpool, by Professor Stokes, of "The Church and Catacombs of Home." The Professor said that his own idea beforo he rtuylied! the ajiVj ject was that the city of Rome wa'a' built over them, that thej catacombs had furnished the building' material for the city, thus erected, and that the early Christians having discover ed those excavations under, their houses, made, secret entrances.! into them,so that when any dangetthreat ened them, or when they desired to worship in secret, they just;retired into those; vast andgloomy recesses. The catacombs of Home, however, were of -.quite a different character. They were not under the city at all they wero all outside, they were ex cavated in the hills that surrounded the city. Nor were the catacombs the usual places of worship1 of the early Christians, because they ; pos sessed church buildings at a much earlier period than people imagined. There were writings showing that long before the reign of Constantino the Christians erected most magnifi cent churches. Eusebius told them that "not content with. the . ancient churches the Christians erected- spa cious churches." The" edict of Diocletian ordered the destruction of the churches and the confiscation of lands attached to them, while there were other evidences of the existence of churches at the end of the third century. . , The whole extent of the catacombs they knew not as yet, as most prob ably there were numerous catacombs still to be discovered. Competent au thorities estimated the whole length of the catacombs as reaching ooO miles. This might seem an enor mous length,but they must remember that the catacombs were excavated on different levels, so that four and even five galleries ran above the oth erin fact, the whole soil lor thirty or forty miles around Home was honeycombed with them. These galleries aire narrow, and ranged from 2 to -i feet in width, and from 8 to'lO feet in : heighth. The lecturer next described the pa gan burial clubs, and said the early church was built in the form of a cat acomb,' because it took the name, shape, and constitution of a pagan burial club. It was under the cover of these pagan burial clubs that Chris tianity seemed to have taken refuge and shelter for the first 200 years of its existence, and through the tolera tion afforded to those burial clubs the Christian church was enabled to execute the vast operations involved in the formation of the catacombs. They had the testimony of Tertullian that toward the end of the second century Septimus owed a great deal to Christian neutrality in the great civil war which raged at that time. The Christians had grown so numer ous that it was almost as important for them to gain their neutrality as it was to gain their active co-operation. : In his subsequent remarks as to the excavation of the catacombs, the lecturer explained the means that the church possessed to carry out such a vast work, and stated that the exca vations were the result of the labors of the fossores or diggers, who were reckoned among the inferior clergy. DAIRYING ON FARTIG. When to Mow Grass. Dovlt Cnnlte Miulo I'roflliiliV in More Thau One llKp.'ot. Dairying nmt pasturing l.avc li n:i so long consul crou n on nm ilw sanio occupation that but low f: rmer.s will ventuvo to engago in the turner without iirt devoting a large rliiiii of the farm to grass upon vdiieh the cows may bo allowed lograzo during the day. When this method is ehunged for that of feeding at the barn-yard, it is termed 'soiling" the cows. Even thoso who do not believe soiling can bo done profitably involuntarily prac tice the soiling method to a certain extent during the winter season, for at that time tho snow covers tho pasture ground and compels tho dairy man to prepare tho food for tho cows and givo thorn his attention in tho barn-yard. Tho principal objec tion to soiling is that is requires a large outlay for extra labor, yet there is as much profit derived from winter dairying ns there is during the summer. The real benefit is in tho saving of manure, which is tho most important occupation on tho farm, and the expense of providing long fences is done away with. Prac tical experiments show that by tho aid of tho manure saved when soiling, a sufficiency of green food can bo grown on a small plat to feed quito a.number of cows, ns well as to provido a better variety of food and securo greater yields of milk and butter. Prof. Slow art, in his book on feeding animals, mentions how to feed four horses and seven cows for fifteen days on the food .grown upon forty rods of ground; and he has estimated that forty rods of ground will produce enough to equal the summer feeding of one cow, but Bets aside half an aero in clover as the allowance for a cow during tho sum mer. Th's result is not the experi ment of a single season, but tho wo?k of fourteen years devoted to soiling, by which method the cows givo twenty per cent more milk than when kept on pasture; and rye, clover, orchard grass, timo thy, green oats, and fodder corn, with ground grain when required, compose the daily diet. The system i3 one that permits of tho gradual accumulation of wealth in the annual increased fer tility of tho soil, and though extra labor may bo nccessnry, yet it is more effectual in operation, as it is not dis tributed over a largo space, conse quently tlicro is economizing in haul ing loads to great distauccs over the fields. Soiling may not be profitable to thoso who have plenty of pasture and largo tracts of land, but it will enable those having limited areas to engage in dairying, when, by the proper application of labor, they may realize larger profits than thoso who dovoto more land to dairying but ad hero to the pasturage system. Phila delphia Record. Color of Cotton-Seed Oil. New York Star; . .bvcry year tne question arises among farmers, "What is the best time to mow grass?" and much light is derived from its annual dis cussion in the agricultural journals and otherwise. Of late years the early cutting of grass is coming into vogue among the more intelligent and experienced farmers. Here are some facts touching the matter, as regards timothy, which are timely and worthy of note : As a result of careful chemical an alyses of timothy at full bloom and at subsequent stages of growth, made at the Massachusetts Agricultural Ex periment Station last summer, the following conclusions were reached: "1. It was found that the amount of water in timothy diminishes very rapidly after tho period of full bloom. 2. There is a large increase in crude fiber in late-cut timothy over that cut at the period of full bloom. 3. As the grass approached maturity there was a considerable diminution in the per cent of sugars and an increase in starch. 4. The proportion of albu minoidsthe nutritious elements to the other organic constituents di minished after the period of full bloom ; and in late-cut timothy the albuminoids were much less digesti ble than in that cut at the time of full bloom. 5. The experiments of I'rotessor laaci snow that the in crease in the quantity of timothy after the period of full bloom was not sufficient to overbalance the lower digestibility of tho albuminoids, to gether with the large increase . in fiber. Gl Professor Ladd concludes that it is preferable . to qut , timothy for feeding at the period of full bloom rather than after tho seeds -have formed." ' . J -. The refining of cotton-seed oil is now carried on to such a degree of perfection, and so clear is the color thus insured, that in using it for adulteration of olive oil there is no longer any reddish tint to indicate its presence, which can only bo proved by chemical analysis. Tho extent of this admixture is sometimes found to reach, and even exceed, seventy-five per cent. One modo of really testing for this adulteration is by tho use of nitric protoxide of mercury, tho yel low simple basic salt of this chemical combination being employed. About one-seventh to one-sixth of au ounce of this is dissolvod in a cylindrical test glass, in about one sixth to onc-liflli of an ounce of nitric acid. On this solution tho oil to bo tested is poured in such quantity that the test glass is about two-thirds full; the two fluids aro then shaken to gether for about five seconds, tho change in color being at once noticed. Treated in this solution, cotton-seed oil becomes dark brown or almost black, but after a short time tho solu tion becomes colorless and clear. Turo olivo oil has a greenish or light yellow tinge, while the solution under the layer of oil assumes a dark red or brown color. Mixed with fifty per cent, of cotton-seed oil, tho olive oil assumes in this process a brick red to a brownish red tinge, and a mixture of twenty-five per cent makes orange yellow to red yellow. N. Jr. Sun. A Laramie paper tolls how a Mr Alson sltot'a mountain lion, which fell down a precipice and into a cavern. Being anxious to get the hide of the animal he constructed a ladder and descended into tho cavern. where he found nine more doad lions scattered about, while the hole was filled from one side to the other with hones of every species of animal known on the plains. They had fallen into tno trap formed by nature, and being unable to get out, had starved to death. S. L. ColYille, Pres. J. F. Morford, V. Pres. C. Coffee, Cashier PEOPLES NATIONAL BANK OF McMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE. r 0 c ' AUTHOMZED DEPOSITORY OF STATE FUNDS. .... ?. , " CAPITAL, - - $55,000.00. IJOard of Directors. u S. L.Colville, J. C. Biles.J. A.ltoss, J.F.Morford.E. J.B.Rltcliey.W.C.WomacitCCoftee Docs a General Banking Business, Deposits Solicited. Cesspools, hog wallows and duck ponds in close proximity to wells aro liable to delilo tho water, and are num herod by physicians and observing people among proline caics of sick ncss in rural districts. Sickness comes uninvited am strong men and women are forced to employ means to restore their health and strength. The most successm of all known remedies for weakness, the origin of all disease, is vr. J. H McLean's Strengthening Cordial ant Wood Purifier. Sold by Fleming. McMinnville Foundry i MachinQ Shop. T. H. & WM. EASTWOOD, PROP'S, ' :-: IRON AND BRASS CASTINGS :-: ENGINE m MACHINERY REPAIRS, WE MANUFACTURE AND II AVE FOR SALE "' ' , V Sorgho Mills, Apple Mills, Grate Bars Sash 'Weights, , Dog Irons, Hollow Ware, Sugar Kettles, EtcJ ' " ST. JOHN & DICKEY VIOLA, TENET, Have just returned from Nashville and have opened 'the most most complete line of ' ' DRY GOODS, NOTIONS, SHOES, And in tact everything kept in a general store. It will as tonish you to see what bargains they are offering. Lead Pencils 10c per doz., 25 Sheets Paper and 2i5 En velopes all for 10c, Note paper 10c per quire, Ladies Button Kid Shoes for $1.75. , An elegant line of Ladies Dress Suitings and Cashmeres from $2.00 to $2.oo a pattern. The nicest line of White Goods, Prints, Lawns and Dress fJinghams ever brought to this market. Men's J Hose and Ladies ' Ilosq from Ccjup. They also call the attention of the farmers to the fact that they have the best DOUBLE PLOWS on hand. They ask all to call and examine their stock before purchasing elsewhere. D. T. Carpenter, Tres. C. A. Carpenter, Vice Pres. W. S French, Bee & Treas. PHCENIX FOUNDRY CO. 4 I i i M -MANUFACTURERS OF- TllG Iaitland Grate JBars )Tlio. 1 1 Best'in use -AND- ALL KINDS OF IRON CASTINGS. PATTERNS MADE TO ORDER. WE DEFY COMPETITION. QUALITY GUARANTEED AND PRICES LOW.: WE SOLICIT YOUR ORDERS. WRITE FOR ESTIMATES. CHATTANOOGA, n c TENNESSEE. A PURELY VEGETABLE COMPOUND Cur Safe Family Doctor. A Safe and Reliable Remedy in all Cam. fi complete ramny medicine, ferfect Substitute for Calomel; The Greatest Remedy of the Age for Bilious Diseases. The most effective preparation known for removing bile from me system, and restoring the normal action 01 the liver ana the kidneys, it has a rapid alterative and sedative eirect upon the system, it renovates it and restores it to a Healthy vigor. It increases the appetite uiiu amain mc ingestion anu usHiiiiuuiiuii oi tne lood. it can be given with PERFECT SAFETY to children or adults of any AND LIVER REGULATOR where there age i derangemi s system. It ha', been used with most wonderful effect in Colds, Bilious Colic. Cholera, Bilious Fever. Malaria Fevers, Diarrhoea, General Debility, Rheumatism, Loss of Appetite, Headache, tc. Manufactured only by the Medicine Co., Lake Charles, La. Sold in and 50c. packages by all leading druggists. This medicine costs less one cent per average dose. It should be kept in every family. For a FREE TRIAL PACKAGE send a n-cent stamp to MEDICINE CO.. LAKE CHARLES, LA TO BUSINESS MEN. Every firm or individual engaged in merchandising, manufacturing, or other business enterprise should have a good supply of printed stationery. We are prepared at the STANDARD office with good type, good presses, good work men, and a large line of Btationery to do all manner of Mercantile and General Job Printing a a superior manner and at statisfactory prices. We can furnish Note Heads at $2.00 per 1000, and upward ; Letter Heads $3.00 per 1000, and upward ; Envelops $2.00 per 1000, and upward. All other goods at proportionate ratee, according to quality. Give us your orders, we guarantee satisfaction. Tenn. R. M. REAMS, Proprietor McMinnville, Artistic Job Printing.- THE STANDARD hits the best equipped Job Frinting Office between Ntishville and Chattanooga, and carries the largest stock of stationery. Wo solicit your orders for any kinj of Printing you may wish, and guarantee the best work for the roonev. t t - t t t t t t t t