Newspaper Page Text
SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE. TENNESSEE.-
Fall Plowing For Spring Crops Value
of Farm Experiments.
Cor. Country Gentlemen.
There has been some discussion he
past fall in repard to advisability of
fall plowing for the coming spring
crops, as a preparation therefor, with
out plowing again in the spring be
fore seeding. ,1 have thought that
experiments in such cases would en
able the farmer to know for a certain
ty which course was best to produce
the best crops. Why farmers situated
on adjoining farms should vary so
much in their methods of putting in,
or in the after tillage of their crops,
has long been a study of the 'writer,
especially when those farmers are
good ones, and successful in their
In regard to fall plowing to fit the
ground. for a spring crop of sown
grain, the first instance that came
to my notice was in the spring of
1S3G, the second year of my com
mencing to farm for myself. A
neighbor had taken the farm adjoin
ing and had plowed considerable of
his ground intended for sowing oats
the spring following. Whether he
intended at the time of plowing to
sow on the fall-plowed land without
replowing in the spring is not certain;
but from some cause, probably the
lack of team power, the greatest por
tion of his spring grain was sown on
the fall-plowed land and worked in
with harrow, possibly with the help
of a field cultivator, although they
were not as plenty or as efficient in
those days as they aro now. The
method was new in this vicinity at
that time, and the growth of the
crop was watched, by the writer es
peciallv, for if such a course was as
good for the crop as spring plowing
much labor could be done in the fall
to lighten and hasten the spring seed
ing. The harvest was only about GO
bushels of oats to the acre, while my
own crop on spring-plowed ground
was nearly 50 bushels, thus showing
to me that I could not afford to plow
in the fall land that was to be seeded
to oats the following spring. The
farmer alluded to did not repeat the
experiment while living in this vi
cinity, without again plowing in the
spring following, and the two plow
ings were not warranted by the forth
in the spring ot JbO two young
farmers, brothers, sowed their oats
on fall-plowed land, using a two-
horse cultivator in fitting the ground
and putting in the seed; this was also
on another farm adjoining mine, but
the crop was not satisfactory, w hile I
that year had an extraordinary good
crop on land plowed in the spring
before seeding,as that year was noted
for its abundant crops of all kinds.
In this vicinity oats are the main
spring sown crop, as there is but little
wheat or barley sown here in the
spring, compared to the breadth o
I have tried sowing on fall plow
ing, but never with succe&s; have
uniformly raised larger crops on
spring-plowed land whenever the
experiment was tried on my farm,
except the past season, when a smal
piece of fall-plowed land produce
the best crop, but that was a failure,
as was the entire crop sown oi the
farm the past year. I have never
known in youth or manhood so poor
a general crop of oats as that grown
in this vicinity the past year. 1 am
well aware that in some localities
fall-plowiqg for spring seeding is the
most profitable, especially where
large areas are sown, as in some o;
the Western States, but my observa
tion and experiments have fully con
vinced me that in this vicinity lands
plowed in the spring, for sowing oats
especially, will produce the best crops
of that grain, and as a general rule
the earlier they are sown the heavier
and plumper the grain will be; while
as a rule the straw will be less than
in later-sown fields.
There are so many contingencies at
the present time that militate against
the growing of any crop to its best
estate, that it requires all the intelli
gence and brain power of our best
farmers to overcome as many of these
obstacles as possible, and by so doing
get well paid for the care and labor
to produce it. As an illustration,
few years since I was experimenting
with a number of varieties of oats
such as seedsmen claimed would
yield so much more than the com
mon oats as to pay one large divi
ienus. omo ot them cost ?3 per
bushel. They were sown in a field
of about twelve acres of uniform soil
all worked alike, all spring plowet'
and harrowed fit for the drill. When
the seeding began on one side of th
lot, each variety was sown out, then
another, U all the new sorts were
sown, when the home-grown oats
were sown to fill out the plat. At
harvest each plat wus cut and secur
ed by itself. In threshing, each sort
was threshed and kept by itself for
seed, as they were all bright and fit
for that purpose. Results: One acre
of one sort gave 30 bushels; another
sort of two acres gave about 40 bush
els to the acre; another of two acres,
45 bushels per acre, while the seven
acres of home-gron seed produced,
upwards of 700 bushels, as run from
the machine from the plat. That
was the best crop the writer ever
raised, and why there was so much
variation in the yields of the differ
ent sorts I have never been able to
solve, soil and situation very similar,
all sown on tile-drained land and
within a day or two of same time.
From the lessons learned from this
experiment, which cost me a good
many dollars, I have come to the
conclusion that each farmer had bet
ter conduct his own experiments on
his own farm; then, after a series of
such experiments adopt such as has
produced the best results as a rule
during the trial, whether in the time
of plowing, the methods of cultiva
tion, and the seeds sown or planted.
However, there is a satisfaction in
testing new seeds, and plants, even
f, as in the case of my oat experi
ment, it should prove to be an ex
pensive one. I could not have satis
fied njyself so quickly in any other
way, and should not have known
that I already had better oats than
he seedsmen advertised, uuless I
had tried them side by side, with
same soil and time ot sowing, r rom
many experiments in testing new
orts of seeds or plants, my advice is
to all who desire to do so (and what
progressive farmer does not desire
the best of seeds or grains to grow on
his farm?) do not spend any more
money in such purchases than yon
can-afford to lose should they prove
not as good as you already have iif
your possession, rarmers generally
prefer to give the public their suc
cesses in the growing ol any crop,
rather than their failures, ould it
not be more for the benefit of the
reading public to have an occasional
failure recorded, so that the causes of
such failure might be known and
avoided, even if such record did show
shiftless management on the part of
the farmer who should give such
record of his farm doings in certain
cases.' it is one way 01 getting
knowledge, by experimenting and
testing different varieties of farm
seeds, also in the methods ofcultivat
ing different soils on our farms and
noting the results, and when such
knowledge is attained, if given to the
public through the agricultural pa
pers, that is an excellent way of dis
geminating the same, so that farmers
can learn of each others' successes or
failures as the experiments tried may
prove to be, on the farm where tried,
the soil and location being taken into
consideration in noting results.
In my own experiments in testiu
new seeds or vegetables, the great
majority of them have proved fail
ures, but a few have been .successful,
and in the final summing up, I' find
that I could hardly afiord to loso the
successes, and as to the failures, I
could have obtained the knowledge
in no other way so quickly, al
though I might have obtained some
at less expense. In reviewing the
whole case, after long years of farm
labor lam still in favor of experi
menting ; the best to be had is none
too good for the American farmer.
Oneida County, N. Y.
Edison, America's great inventor
will have to fall back on Ganter's
magic chicken cholera cure; Sold
and warranted by W. II. Fleming.
The Constitution.of the new State
of Washington limits the session of
the Legislature to sixty consecutive
No other preparation combines
the positive economy, the peculiar
merit and the medicinal power of
A most dangerous thing is to allow
catarrh to run on. Use at once Old
Saul's Catarrh Cure and get well
Price only 25 cents.
A boy seventeen years old in Long
Island City has gone to iail for six
months for the offense of kissing
young woman who didn't want to be
The "baby's best friend" is l)r
Bull's Baby Syrup, since it main
tains the baby's health by keeping it
free from colic, diarrhtea, etc.
IN THE ELECTRICAL WORLD.
America has 1,000,000 telephones:
tho world 1,200,000.
Madrid now has an electrical systora.
Tho English own It
Church lighting by eloctricity is
making headway in England.
Storago batteries have displaced
primary battm-ios in the Merlin ofllcos.
Electrio motors aro being Intro
duced on tho underground railway m
There has beon designed in Vienna
a new eloctrlo lantern for the use of
lecturers. The lonsos aro so combined
that an enlarged Imago of an object
may bo thrown on a screen In Its natural
In Germany iodoform is boing mada
by use of tho electric current An alco-
holio solution of iodide of potassium
traversod by a current of carbonio acid
is subjocted to the electrio current, and
iodoform is produced in the shape of
mall yellow capsulos.
The proprietor of the Chicago New
Is considering tho advisability of in
stalling an eloctrlo motor plant with
which to drive his presses. The pro
posed plant will have a capacity of 500
horse power, one-half of which will be a
dupllcato plant to bo hold In reserve.
Heretofore roports in relation to tho
cdfiiparative power of different illumin
ants, as seen through fog and haze, havo
been against the electric light Lately,
however, three prominent English
scientists say that when the electric
light is deprived in a measure of its
highly rofrangiblo rays by the haze, its
further progress is not moro cut dowa
than the light from oil or gas.
In observations with kites and bal
loons, Prof. Leonard Weber has found
that tho atmosphere is negativoly elec
trified up to a height of about 100 yards,
beyond which it is positively electrified
in a degree increasing very rapidly with
the distance from the earth. Tho nega
tive electrification of tho lower strata
of tho air is attributed to tho presonco
of germs and dust particles.
It has been suggested, in view of
tho serious loss suffered by tho electric
al companies from time to time by tho
hasty and clumsy cutting of their wires
by firemen, that it would bo worth their
while to lcr'p a corps of men with wag
ons equipped with appliances for cut
ting wires, who should go to fires and
watch and bandlo the wires in tho in
terest of tho companies. A still moro
practical idea is for thocompanies to keop
a man at each engine-house, who shall
go with tho engines to fires and direct
the wire cutting operations.
There are not manv electric light
installations in Spain, but an important
central station has been erected in tho
Calla de las Mozas, Seville Tho mains
aro all placed underground, and branches
aro taken off at suitablo intervals. Tho
cables consist of copper wires, insulated
by several layers of puro vulcanized
india rubber, the whole then being
placed in a leaden pipe. The glow
lamps vary from 10-candlo power to 100-
candle power, and the arc lamps from
600-candle power to 1,000-candlo power.
-A new diving dress has beon adopted
by the French navy, it contains but
three pieces helmet, collarette and
body tho helmet being fitted to tho
collarette by a screw spring adjustment,
by which tho necessity for all loose
pieces in the way of nuts is obviated.
Tho helmet is fitted with an incandes
cent lamp, inclined forward at an anglo
which enables tho diver to derive the
fullest advantage from it and fitted -with
protector and mirror. At present the
battery is carried in a boat, which re
mains near the scene of operations, but
it is proposed to equip tho diver with a
water-tight knapsack, fitted with cells,
somewhat after the fashion adopted for
ballet girls when special light effects
aro required on tho stage. In conjunc
tion with this form of diver's dress, a
respirator has beon devised, fitted also
with an electric lamp, for uso in ascer
taining tho seat of a fire in a ship's hold,
when as yet there is moro stnoko than
LIFE IN HELIGOLAND.
The Patriarchal System Still Exists and
Is Itlgldly Observed.
Tho women of Heligoland aro, goner
ally speaking, small and gacefully form
ed and present a remarkable contrast to
their tall and strapping mates. Tho fe
male lovelinoss" is unfortunately some
what transient, no doubt owing in largo
measure to tho inferior fa and rough
work with tho nets. No luea of female
suffrage is ever likely to enter a Ileligo
lander's head. His idea of the relation
of tho sexes is theold one that the man
is tho head of tho wife and that
women, tako them as you like, aro an
inferior order; they aro kind and court
eous to thoir women in all respects, but
there is no doubt who is lord and broad
winner. Tho patriarchal system baa
scarcely died out Each lus
ty, broad-shouldored son, though
ho may havo passed his
twenty-first birthday, is required to give
all or nearly all his earnings to his fa
ther so long as he lives in hjs father's
house. When he marrios and takes up
house for himself then only does tho
patria protestas come to an end. Heligo
landers as a rule marry young; there
are more women than men, and it is not
difficult to find a mate. Housekeeping
is not an expensive job, and thore is
plenty of money to be earned if a man
is intelligent and industrious. It may
be some time before tho young husband
has a boat of his own, for a boat costs
25 (they aro all built in tho island),
but he can always hire one, paying for
its hiro about ;;. per cent, of tho pay
ment ho himsolf charges.
Pleasant to the taste, surprisingly
quick in effect and economical in
price no wonder that Dr. Null's
Cough Syrup U the lending prepara
tion of its kind.
If fails, money refunded ; Preston's
A iH-.'ilOIJti POLISH. I
.t :- vrien ;resi!?vei?. ;
' ' '"HiWO RtTOUItlFD.
"' J i'y me:i, j end cUUdrsn.
Qnlto surprise toyonT Well, I heard so much ol
I enncloded tn paint this floor with It AlnttUbiif
WOLFF & RANDOLPH, Philadelphia.
PIK.UON will ornament roar windows M well al
your floor. ,Try it on clans, china, mOal or am
article jrou Want to paint.
1'ircct to customers from
'' VJSijFI hcndcinai-UTi, nt wliole-
TVi j"JLiii?i ttalo pi-ires. AH kikmIs
WT-J iriitiVHiitiml V .....
uhkud until InstrunivnU
nre lccoivcd unl fully
ti!stci. Write us before
Tum-liaslnir. An invest
ment of 2 cts.may save you inauy itullura. Address
J3SS9 Frencli Piano 1 Organ Co.,
NHSHVILLE, TENN. .
(ji iiaiaim u jiii 1 11.11, imvr
King of all Liniments.
TO CURE FOR MAN:
Rheumatism. Snrains. T?rnif.s SwpII.
ings, Soreness, Stiffness, Sore Throat,
eaK JsaeK. 1 rnmns. nma tnn nns
Waits, Insect Bites, Frost Bites, Pains,
AC IRS. I'.lins in Tim l-snpy Krpnet. rr
&iue, vvounas, ;uts, Hurts, Etc.
FOR HORSES and STOCK:
Spavin. Splint. Rincbone.Wind Galls.
Scratches. Bruises, Strains, Swellings,
Swiney, Harness and Saddle-hurts,
Soreness,. Stiffness, Knots, Lame Back,
auu j oiina, runs, jic. .
SPURL0CK, NEAL & CO., Props.,
Thousands of dollars worth ol
chickens are destroyed by Cholera
every year. It is more fatal to them
than all other diseases combined.
But the discovery of a liquid remedy
that positively destroys the Microbes
has been made. Half of the young
chickens are killed by Microbes
before they are fryers. A 50-cent
bottle is enough for 100 chickens.
It is guaranteed. If, after using
two-thirds of a bottle you are not
satisfied with it as a cure for Chol
era, return it to the druggist from
whom you purchased it, and he will
refund your money.
For Salo by. II. FLEMING..
hit lid If f'TturiMriaTebwi nU at
. 'Vi: 1 .. V... ,.. i..iJi iiMn
pvjfty 9 & 1 IV1"1 ' "" ' ni vit j(pu.iu
J'.t It-tin-, Itt n rr 'ii art. Ken tte-
p;niiT" niv f.-milv fif-niti from tb IO
I"a !-. A 11 nci R. Hi-ilmw tuu how
nl Mri v.-ii. I nn work in pnrr ltm
r ur nil Mi it'it-. Hir monT for wotk-
f . '( "VI ' l-nllurt-unknown among th'm,
NiyJ - NKW v..t..fif.il. I'artir.i !.. fr.--.
lH 1 1 11
feL.C.hij -j--: .-n---. -.-. y
, Ilox ho I'ortluiitJ, Maine
MINI SMPn, ARKANSAS
CALL ON NEAREST TICKE7
AGENT, Or Address '
W. W. KNOX, Ticket Agent, or
W. L. DANLEY, G. P. & T. Ag't,
D. . OAItSON. Afient.McMinnville.Tei.n
East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Ry.
NEW TIME TO FLORIDA.
3 DaHy Trains.
CHATTANOOGA TO ATLANTA.
Oct. 1U, 1MM.
Lv. Chattanonjja .
Lv. Union St.itiurf .
No. 1 1. 1 No. 18. I No. 0. I No. 8.
3 op in.
7.00 p. Hi.
3 50 -hi
Lv, Central Station
,on p m.
Ar. Dal ton ....
Ar. ROME . ...
Ar. ATLANTA .
Lv. Atlanta . . .
Ar. Maron . .
(S. F. & V. Ry.)
v. Jesiip ....
Ar. WaYCROSS .
,u. a in.
3.4 J J.U11.
4.y p. in
7 .5 p.m.
(!-. T. V. & G. Ry.)
Lv IESUP . .
Ar firunwick . .
.. . S ivantiah - . .
. Tliomasville . .
4 10 a.m.
( 10 a.m.
7 50 p.m.;
5 ir t.m-l
P. jo a in.
! T. V. G
I.. . ROMb .
4.00p.m. 'ii ioa.m. 8.55 p.m.
5 vp.m.;i tjpm.i ? 4QP.m.
6 06 p.m. 1? 41 p.m. ; if-iu p.m.
6.47p.m.! i.rpiii. in ep.m.
7.77p.m.! r i in. i.i.sqp.iii.
m. 2.v p in. ' 1 -4e p-i.
j.3- p.m. 115 a.m.
. . . j 6.41 p.m." .;.
: 6'?r p.m ' 1 v 9 m.
i.' 47 a ir. 45 m.
si in i'-.'o a m.
. Bi'itlmn . , .
v. iVnlmotit . .
l v ifs.m ille
,i,""l-r.v) . .
A -. A niistuii . .
A . Ti'la'lffcj . ,
Ar. Cil-n ....
A'. SI-LMA . . .
(Mr B. Ry.)
f .v. Srlmn ....
Ar. Mt, V-rnnn .
Ar" MOHlt.n . .
THROUGH CAR flRRANrTMEMS.
No. 6 carries Pullman Buffet Slep-ri.g Cir Cintiun'i i
No 13 carries Pullm.in ItntTct f!t--p.iiir Ca Ci.i(u.iiintia t i
Ni. 15, carries Pullman P-ifM Fl'Vi-iiv r ' ) vflnc-Ta to
a(.on, and Pullman Cuinpuitr'ent C.r& Atl r iuust If
d. w. vprr,
rIcAO?; 28 UNION SQUARE.NY. WlfRA-
THURMAN BROS! & CO.,
if 7 -V'
J JOURNAL ro ADYA TJSMS. .
ill tsnil mU, sal b Ito NtmoUUTt Jtwul
ftt. tntt it fcHrtm. stwrtimi. B
uinlatitii Isuymmit UmMtm krr, rto,
ul Un U iinU slnttlMi km It nlto u
t aTattas4 ; ka n llqltr sm ; M tmpiim
Ikw! In tnas mmt to assst-li M, lit
KiM wiwt HU Oil slalH W fnSUtU
m ssimtiei t tw lussctai si nnn
Itr m aimta n, Ml tMr iMm b Uu
as txfotMM ! am Oat tmrtn jwt Is
Ud ilTtrtldaf wetnrti ht uuj tsa tor"
sal v aunufol dntm' iw'nitml
tla mn n twt ItlUm.awyli.MyUs.rm.,1
CIO. P. ROWILWCO.'i
' Nrwapa Admiring BH'
're Sonc St., Htw.Vort .
nh AmHl at our K.ff lln of Wi rk.
rtiliy ami hononiHIr, Ihoae of
rit lir m-, vomip or vU, ami tu thir
own lorHiii.jhrrer ihy Any
We fnrninh erirlhinc. We Mart nu. No rik. Yon ran derm
your i:ire iiiomrni, or all your time to the work. 'I hi ( an
entirely 11 w !, ..-inil lrinr ooil-rfiil lun-Ni orer worfc'r.
HfCHiiirr an enn.iTiff (V-.m 2 to iO MTri k ann upwanis
and more atrer a little eajerince. e ran furnish you the em-i..m.-nt
vt ira.h tu r PKh. No .nrl rxpialn hf-re. I'm I
iutormatin Hit.:. " l" I ) A t O., AlblMA. MAlSk
i.u (lit? 4ttk. I T lu Irafit.