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SOUTHERN STANDARD MCMINNVILLE, TENNESSEE. SATURDAY, SEPT. 5, lfioi. 6
Mow Tour Stubble Fields.
can be utilized by the evaporator und
placed upon the market at remuner
ative prices. It la not necessary to
have a large establishment to accom
plish this result. There , are driers
with their capacities ranging from
one to two bushels of green apples
Cor. Country Gentleman.
I have experienced so much benefit per day, up to thousands
We pack them hot, right from the
trays. If they stand open, the miller
will get Into them. Turn them from
the tray into the barrel, and keep
them perfectly close. Just as soon as
a barrel is full I headed them up.
to my farm from the practico of mow
ing over the stubble fields in August,
that I write now at the seasonable
time, to urge your readers to try
it on at least a portion of their fields.
It Is work that is almost universally
neglected, as can be proved by in
spection of the farms of most locali
ties during the fall or winter. I
traveled in seven different States in
August of 1890, and the following
winter traveled thirty-five hundred
miles in Ohio, and I did not see fifty
farms on which the mowing ma
chine had been used after harvest,
but I saw thousands on which a
heavy crop of weeds had been allow
ed to go to Beed. I have no doubt
that It would pay well to cut over
the stubble fields if no other benefit
was received except preventing the
weeds from going t seed, for weeds
rob the soil of both fertility and
moisture needed by the plants, and,
while reducing the yield, add largely
to the labor of cultivation of the
crops. There are, however, other
benefits which are perhaps as great
as the killing of the weeds before the
seed ripens. One of this is to rid the
hay the coming year from weeds and
stubble, which will, if left in, damage
its sale. There4have been meadows
cut in my neighborhood this year on
which there was such a quantity of
weeds and old last year's stubble.
that the hay is hardly salable, and if
it is sold it will be at a reduction in
price, which represents enough
.money to pay for cutting twice over.
An inexperienced farmer, might
think that it would be necessary to
rake and remove the weeds and stub'
ble after they are cut, or they would
be just as troublesome in the hay. I
do not find this to be true, for we cut
the weeds while they are green and
immature, and they wilt and settle
down to the earth and decay before a
crop of hay is cut, and while the
wheat stubble will remain stiff and
dry, if left standing, if cut the rains
and snows get it in close contact with
the earth, and the new growth of
grass or clover springs up through it
and before hay-making time it has
crumbled into dust. I have come to
believe greatly in mulching or cover
ing the soil as a means of enriching
it, and I believe there is no other
way in which we can improve a soil
so cheaply and effectually as by
covering it. Cutting the stubble and
weeds gets them down flat on the
soil, and cutting the clover thickens,
it, just as trimming a hedge thickens
that. Since I adopted the plan of cut
ting over my clover fields. I have
been surprised to see what a thick,
velvet covering they have by the
middle of October. ' Wheu clover is
allowed to make its lull growth in
the fall, it is often the case that the
dead stubble is too tall to be easily
plowed under the lollowlng spring
if it is to be plowed, or is troublesome
in the hay, and I have known so
heavy a growth as to entirely
smother out and kill the crop ; but
when cut in August, the later growth
does not mature so but that it falls
over the roots and protects them
when the frost kills it, and the clover
field is much more likely to winter
well for this treatment. I have
started the machine earlier than usual
on my stubble fields this year be
cause the stubble is unusually heavy,
and we cut a few acres to-day, July
20, and should the fall prove a very
favorable one for growth, I shall cut
the clover again in about a month,
but usually one cutting is sufficient.
I have long since come to the con
elusion that I cannot afford, under
any circumstances to pasture young
grass or clover the first fall, for I
thins mat ono always loses more
than he makes by it. If the fall is
dry and the growth small, the cattle
crop it too close, and if it is wet, the
young plants are badly injured by
tramping. I believe that if this rule
were adopted by farmers generally (of
mowing the stubble fields and never
pasturing them the first fall) that it
would do more to give clean rich
fields and good grass and clover
crops, than anything else the farmer
could do that would cost the same
money. Waldo F. Bno .vx.
Evaporating Apples for Profit.
(Extract of paper read by J. R. Durand
before the Missouri Horticultural Society.)
All fruit growers, and more espec
ially of the apple, know that much
of their fruit is unfit for market,
cither being wormy, specked, scabby,
knotty cr small. Now all this fruit
The work can be done just as well
and as cheaply on a ten-bushel ma
chine as In any of the large factories,
many experienced has been that
they are the least expensive. Often
it will pay to evaporate the whole
crop. I have often realized more for
culls than for the shipping fruit.
One hand can run a ten-bushel
drier, with twenty-five cents worth
of fuel, and make fifty pounds of
white fruit per day, which, at ten
cents per pound, about the average
price, would net four dollars and
seventy cents', making nearly fifty
cent 8 a bushel, including the day's
work, and at this year's prices, would
be over seventy cents, and If the
waste is dried, almost a dollar.
Again, one important point thus
gained is culling out your shipping
fruit, making it grade fancy, and
thereby obtain the highest market
price for it.
Market only the best, evaporate
the rest. Thus you would avoid the
breaking down the markets for the
green fruit. This is always done by
inferior stock being run on the mar
ket, and never by good choice fruit.
We can, at nearly all times, see ap
ples quoted on the market at 75 cts
to $1.25 per barrel. These represent
loss to the grower. All of this kind
should never go on the market, but
market for evaporated fruit; you
have nearly four barrels of apples in
a fifty-pound box that can be ship
ped just as safely to. Alaska, China
or India, as to St. Louis, and you
need be in no hurry to market it.
Next spring is as good as this fall,
and often better prices are obtained.
When properly packed, and with
proper storage, it can be kept for
years as fresh and sweet as when
first prepared, except a little loss in
color, but even this may be over
come by cold storage.
It prices are as low as they were
two years ago, when it was worth
only from four to six cents a pound,
and the waste and chop less than one
cent, it can safely be kept over until
there is a shortage like the present,
when fifteen cents can be obtained
for the white fruit, and four to five
cents for chop and waste The chop
is apples sliced just as they are with
out any paring or coring, and dried;
in this the small and knotty apples
that cannot be pared are used. The
work is done quite rapidly with! a
machine made for the purpose; forty
or fifty busheU can be sliced in an
hour by two hands.
One bushel of apples will make ten
pounds of chop, which is now worth
four cents a pound.
The waste is the skins, cores and
trimmings from white fruit, which
needs no other preparation only to
put it in the evaporator, dry it and
pack it in sacks and barrels ready for
shipment. It is used for making jel
ies, and usually brings about one-half
cent more than the chop. Most of
the chop is, I understand, shipped to
Europe and there manufactured into
fine wine and sent back to this coun
try and sold at from one to five dol
lars a bottle. The price is, therefore
greatly influenced and governed by
the grape crop in the old country.
Many thousands of tons are manufac
tured each year. Everything can be
used, nothing wasted.
A delegate said: I think still more
can be done than the gentleman says.
I evaporated some 1,400 pounds of
fruit which sold for ten cents per
pound. I made use of every part of
the fruit, except the wormy part
Vinegar was made of the waste. I
sold some ten or twelve barrels at
twenty cents per gallon,$9.G0 per bar
rel of forty-eight gallons.
I picked out the choicest to ship
and evarorated the culls and seconds,
which would have damaged the
whole lot if shipped together. The
vinegar apples made nearly as much
money as any. I netted $85, using a
ciuer mm mat cost io. we use a
pear corer and slicer to prepare the
apples for drying. Wife and two lit
tb girls did the work, apples and
wood being brought to the house for
Some of the apples kept a year and
a nan, were as white ana good as
when first put up. No trouble to
keep them five years. Wo used about
a tablespoon of sulphur to a half bush
el. When dry, we put the fruit right
into flour barrels, and headed it up
tight, borne kept eighteen months,
are as nice ana fresh as when first
put up. They are better to cook than
iresn iruit, as mey unti l require su
gar, while fresh Iruit does.
The Second Growth of Clover,
The Breeders' Guide.
When the clover is not pastured
after the first growth is cut and made
into hay the second growth can be
used for three purposes. It can bo
cut and cured for hay, be allowed to
mature seed be cut and threshed, or
be plowed under as a green manure
after a good growth has been secured,
and if properly managed lu either
way it can be made profitable. If
Served Him Right.
It happened that a "masher" was
on the Nashville A Chattanooga train
Monday, and to his right, a few seats
forward, an old farmer sat with his
rosy .cheeked daughter, who looked
as demure and sweet as roguish maid
ens can. The masher, who had al
ready conceived the idea that the
world was his and that femininty
must bow in humble obeisance to his
charms, bethought himself that he
would break the simple maiden's
heart. So he brought to bear upon
her all the graces of flirtation that he
possessed. He winked, he sniggered,
he laughed, he leered, grinned, look-
Aik mt Meat for XV. L. Daatlas She.
If far Ml, la yoar place aak yoar
dealer la aea a for cntaloaae, aware la
mam in toena lor yoa.
I ' . - '.I
WHY- IS THE
W. L DOUGLAS
S3 SHOE cENfPrM
THE BEST SHOE IN THE WORLD FOR THE MONEY?
It ti a seamless shoe, with no tack or wax thread
to hurt thereat) made ot the beat fine calf, atllait
and easy, and ixcauaa wt make mora $hott of rata
gradt than any other manufacturer. It equal! baad
wru puuee uua.iua; inim S..UU CO B--UU,
. , ,u ' , ed sweet and drew his handkerchief S5.?h!ie.B."tnV,'Vdf-,,.T'
made into hay the same plan of man- aornaa . . ... Tho ..... . . , &Thn
agement is necessary as with the first
crop, care being taken to cut in good
season, to cure and store away to as
good condition as possible.
If plowed under as a green manure
let the plants make a good growth,
but they should not be allowed to
ripen and then be plowed under. A
dressing of lime given before plowing
will help to rot the growth more rap-
Idly, and at the same time help to
make it more available for use by the
growing plants. The advantage with
clover over the majority of other
crops used for green manuring is that
the whole plant, roots as well as tops,
make a valuable fertilizer, not only
adding to the amount of fertility in
the soil but also helping to make it
loose and friable. A good second
growth is one or the best as wen as
most economical fertilizers that can
If permitted to mature it should be
allowed to ripen well before cutting.
While the straw will not make as
good a quality of feed when threshed
it is well worth stacking and may be
used either for lood or bedding.
The yield of seed varies from three
to seven bushels per acre, and when
the first crop for hay U considered,
growing the second crop for hay seed
is usually profitable. In working to
improve the fertility or in carrying
out a regular system of rotation, cle
ver must always be considered as a
crop that can be grown to an advan
tage, and in very many cases the
acreage devoted to this' crop can be
increased with profit.
Let Run Out.
The Breeders' Guide.
It is now time to commence feed
ing to fatten for fall market, especial
ly if it is intended to market early.
This is especially the case with hogs,
cattle and sheep. With all of these
it is very important to have well fat
tened before marketing.
Stock of all kinds can be fattened
faster and at less cost while the
weather is moderately cool than
latej, and especially so when the shel
ter provided is not the best.
Under ordinary circumstances it
will be the best when the stock are
intended to be fattened and market
ed before severe cold weather sets in,
to allow them the run of the pastures
rather than to confine in the pens or
stables. It is true that giving them
the run of the pastures affords them
an opportunity of exercising and
they may not fatten quite as rapidly
in proportion to the'amount of feed,
but will keep healthier than if they
are confined and this will more than
make up what they lose in taking ex
ercises. It is not neceasary or best to
go to an extreme and keep out when
the weather is cold and stormy. In
many cases it will be better to she!
ter regularly at night ana on rainy
days. But as long as the weather
will permit as a rule it will be best to
allow stock that are being fed to fat
ten the run of the pastures until they
are marketed. With hogs and sheep
in many cases they can have the run
of the orchard to an advantage, not
only to themselves.but to the orchard,
as by consuming the fallen and de
caying fruit they will destroy many
insect pests that injure the trees and
the fruit, while the fruit will help to
fatten. Allowing them a good range
will help to supply them with a good
variety and they will do much better
than if they are confined to any one
material. It is not altogether the
amount of feed they receive that will
be a help but the variety, After
once commencing to feed to fatten it
is best to give all they will eat up
clean but no more. Feed regularly
and see that they have plenty of wa
ter and then let them have the run of
the pastures until they are marketed.
across bis lips. The little maid, un
used to such things, watched him
with artful curiosity. Finally he
made bold to throw a kiss at her with
This was the straw' that broke the
camel's back, and almost broke the
dude's. The old man knew about
planting in the new moon, and about
the time when crops should be gath
ered, more than he did of the ways
of the world. But, in slang praseolo-
gy, he was "onto" the masher. The
old fellow got up and started down
the aisle, and the young fellow, for
getful that he was with the young
lady, leaned forward to wink at her.
When the old farmer reached' the
dandy he brought his hand down
heavily on his hat, mashing it all
over his face, grasped him by the
shoulders and shook him as a terrier
does a rat. Then he slapped his face
until the young man was tired. To
cap the climax, the old man deliber
ately took him across his knees and
amid the cries of the masher, the
laughter and jeers of the passengers,
he spanked him. When he had fin
ished the farmer placed the discom
fited dude up in .his seat, and, placing
his hands on his hips, sarcastically
asked, Where were you raised, any
how, young man?"
A Cure for Paralysis.
Frank Cornelius, of Furcell, Ind.
Ter., says: "I induced Mr. Pinson,
whose wile had paralysis in the lace,
to buv a bottle of Chamberlain's Pain
Balm. To their great surprise before
the bottle had all been used she was
a great deal better. Her face had
been drawn to one side ; but the Pain
Balm relieved all pain and soreness,
and the mouth assumed its natural
shape." It is also a certain cure for
rheumatism, lame oacK, sprains,
swellings and lameness. 50 cent bot
tles for sale by Ilitchey & Bostick,
Druggists, McMinnville, Tenn.
MOO Hand-Mewed Welt Hhoe, Una calf,
atjrlUh, comfortable and durable. The beat
Ihoa 0Ter Offered at thla nrloa t uma o-rarlA aa m.
toin-made shoes coating from $.0U to 19.(10.
SO SO Police Hhaei farmer, Railroad Man
4aa arid Let ter Carriers all wear them; nuecalf,
seamless, smooth Inside, heavy three soles, axten-
loaedga. One pair will wear a year.
CO SO line calfi no better shoe ever offered at
this price; one trial will convince those
who want a shoe for comfort and service.
RO M and 8J.00 Worklngraan's ihoes
as a are very stroug and durable. Those who
have given them a trial will wear bo other make.
flnuel eVJ.OO and $1.73. school shoes are
J UJ O worn by the boys everywhere; they sell
on their merits, a the Increasing sales show.
I H las 83.00 Ilnnd-attvred shoe, bent,
CJ Ulvo Ltonicula, very stylish; equals French'
Imported shoes costing from 1.00 to 6.UU.
Ladles' 4.50, Si. 00 and 81.73 shoe for
misses are the best flneDongola. Stylish and durable.
Caution. See that W. L. Douglas' name and
price are stamped on the bottom of each shoe.
W. L. DOUGLAS, Brockton, Mas.
FOR SALE BY
J.C M. ROSS & SON,
McMIM N V1X LIS.
TUTS preparation, with
I out injury, removes
""iV out injurv, removes
Ww Freckles. Liver-Mole-.
Pimples, Black-Heads, Sunburn,
and Tan. A few appl ications will ren
der the most stubbornly red skin Bolt,
smooth and white, Viola Cream is
not a paint or powder to cover defects,
but a remedy to cure. It is superior to
all other preparations, and is guaranteed
to give satisfaction. At druggists or mail
ed for 50 cents. Prepared by
Toledo. Ohio. O. C. J'.ITTXEB a CO.
9000,00 a year It being marie by John R.
Ooodwin,Troy,N.Y.,at work fur ua, K.ad.r.
you ni.y not m.a aa mucn, qui we oaa
teach yoa quickly bow to earn from ft to
IU a day at the alart, and mora aa yon go
on. Both aexea, all agea. In any part of
America, you can commence at home, a-tr-
ing all your tinie.or e;tare moment, only to
the work. All la new. Great pay HI KK'for
e.erv worker. We atari you, fumUhing
eY.rVthim. KABll.r, HI'EKDILY learned.
I'AM'UTLAHS KlitK. Addreae at once,
bllASOX a 10., rUHTLAliD, aMlAk.
and Tnmora CTTRFD t no knife:
book free. Dra Oa.TioKT at Noaais
No. 13 Kim street, Cincinnati, U
Cleanaet and beautifies the Iii j.
Promotes a luxuriant growth.
Never Fails to Bcstore Gray
Hair to its Youthful ""ilor.
Cures scalp diaeaaes & hair lulling.
It is very important if . fall seeding
of grass is to be done to arrange to
do the work early, so that the plants
can get well started to growing.
l e Parker's dinger Tonlo. II cure, the worn toiiRh,
Weak J."iip. Debility, Indication, rain, Take in time.aucta.
Stops all paiu.
RCORNS.. The only tore euie for Corns.
lu. ua. at AJruggieta, or lusiajJk a iu., tt. i.
is a specfic
The quicker a hog or steer can be
made ready for market the less the
co-st and tha better the profit.
hand that rook, the oradls ii
hand that rulei tha world.
The influence of a mother, the influence
ot a lister, the influence of a wife. The
world feels this influence. It shapes the
destiny of men. For a mother's sake, for
a sister's sake, for a wife's sake a man will
strive to be honorable. He becomes am
bitious. He becomes successful. Happy
the household where the women folks are
cheerful, contented, and happy. How
pitable the home where mother, sister, or
wife lies ill. How grand the remedy that
is suited to the ills of womanhood and that
will restore nervous, sickly, aching, de
spondent women to health and strength.
Such a remedy is Dr. John Lull's Sarsa
parilla. It is eminently the best remedy
for the weaknesses and distross incident to
and following a condition of disordered
female functions. It revives, strengthens,
and regulates the feminine constitution.
Mrs. Mary F. Wilkinson, Jackson, Tenn.,
"I was a very healthy woman before my
marriage, but dating from a miscarriage,
my health got to be very bad. My complex
ion beame sallow. 1 became nervous and
leeplcRs; I grew thin and despondent. My
appetite was fickle, and what 1 utc laid like
lead upon my stoinacli. My habits were Ir
regular, and I sullercd much pain. I used
Private & Sexual Diseases'
WE TREAT and CURE
THE BOOK OF LIFE.
DR. PARKER & CO:
S40 North Cherry St. Ntshville, Tenn.
K. 1 71
FINE SHOW CASES.
43 Ask for catalogue.
TERRY M'F'G CO.. Nashville, Tenw.
S" f , il A TjT.AH! I iiiHl.rt.kf to bHefly
J S V al 4 b flti'tii-lmnytijirly(iii"'Mir. iit(i r.iii .f either
eL a L 3 jj 5 '""l, "I"' r,,'"( wrilf, .nil ttko,
3 I I 1 S i"1" r i""'ni' lli'ii.olll "rk liiilu.lrlou.ly.
Sav J hw In mm llirre Theunnnil llollar. a
The time was when chickens took
the cholera we said "good-by chick,"
but 'now we give them Ganters'
magic chicken cholera cure, know
ing full well that they will soon be
all right again. Sold by W. II.
prescriptions of several good doctors, but
mv ailments Increased. A bearing down
pa'lD about my back and loins seemed as If
ft would kill mo. I was subject to frequent
headaches and bilious attack. In this con
dition I began a use of Dr. Hull's Harsapa
rllla. It aeKined precisely suited to my
condition. Kvery spoonful seemed to go
to the right apot. I soon showed great Im
provement, and my friends rejoiced nt my
returning health. I used it during the
months of March and April, and give it all
the credit for my present enjoyment of life
and good health. It Is a boon U weak and
Nelly Davis, Holcna, Ark., writes: "Pr.
Bull's Sarsapitrilla has improved my health
wonderfully, also greatly improved my
looks. I hud eruptions on my skin but they
have disappeared, and 1 was very weak,
with no appetite, and at times fluttered great
pain, but now I feel quite well again."
TM;iny a pale and sickly looking little
child has been saved by il good mother
giving it Dr. John Hull's Worm Destroyers.
They taste good, l'rioe io cent.
er Nothing makes a person feel so bad
as a touch of . hills and fever. Smith's Tonio
fcSyrup is pleasant to take, and cures this
JonN D. Park k Sons, WioU-mle AgaiU,
17a, 177 aud 17U Sycamore -St., fin'-lnuutl, O
Yrttiilit'lr n Un-U (.' lM vrrth-v llv?.l will uNoftirnUh
the nituiitiwn .rriii,l.tjrmiiit,sii ItU h jmi tun fnm tliat nnu.tint.
No motiry fiif nifunlvitt huci-cmI'iiI tiiiU"v.. Knally hiiiI quirk It
lfiiniril. I (.trv hut mi worktr Inun m h dintrli t t.rcountr. I
bare alrrmly uutrM mid proviil'f with niiluvinriit n lr(r
numlMT, wh.i tro nuklnir ovr saMI a ynrrmt U It K V
and KOI, I II. Full i.rtlculBr Fit KII. Ad.lrrM nt mic,
K. V. AKli:. Jftox Auuuilu, Mulne,
Full unif wilty curriculum. Fire dUtinot oourvef , three of which
lead to degreei. Twotj letchera and offloeri. Hpecll fcttentioa
to music and art. Handaomeit and rdmI oorarnete to boo I edttict
Id lb South. Acootnmodationa for 400 board rr Hticad im-
prttTtd Ttm or tram-heat and TenulatinQ. LI (third with tt
and electricity. Hot and old water throughnnt. Pure drinking
water oo erry floor. Abundance of bath-room and cloaet. VU
coit of building $0,000. Fight acrwi of mmptm. Board, light.
fuel, etc., ft noi., fM.M. Tuition 1'JO to . 8fnd forcAtaloguei
lo L. 1). Bau, I). 1 Prea t, or K. K. Bioford, U. A., Chancellor.
Opens Sept. 17th, 1891. (me of the most
thorough ami attractive Schools for youui(
Ladies In the South. Conscrwatory t'oute
in Music. Twenty-live teachers and officer.
I Situation beautiful. Climate nnsurpassed.
Fupils from twenty States. Terms low.
Special inducements to persons at a dis
tance. For the superior advantages of this
j celebrated Virginia School, write for a cata
logue to the President,
IV. A. HARRIS, I). I ,