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ftV1 WitI VOL. 26 SOCORRO, NEW MEXICO. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1908. No. 48 Imtuttu PL If y THE NATIONAL FORESTS Many Improvements to be Made in New Mexico during the Next Yea? SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE fiaya That EetimaUe of Improve inanta Covering $2,000,000 Have Baan Submitted to Con grata. New Mexico has a natural in terest in tha t part of the report of the Secretary of Agri u'tur- which is devoted to nrniiin-nt improvements on thr Govern ment's National For. st. Such work an the construction f uul" ot road and trait, telephone linr, drift and pasture feno s, r.mger bouses and burns, has opeiir.i ui nd improved nMiiy square mi c of territory in the ten National Forests in the State, and for these and similar purposes $31, 4o3.51 was spent during the last fiscal year. Fifty-two and three-fourths miles of road and 23f-Ji miles of trail were built, 41 miles of tele phone lines were strung, and the forest ranges were improved by the construction of 58-'. miles of drift fence and 61-K miles of pasture fence. During the year 2S houses, to be used for ranger quarters, and 8 barns for rangers' horses were built and various miscellaneous improvements were made. Many additional improve ments are planned. In speaking of the permanent improvement work on all the National Forests, the Secretary of Agriculture has the following to say in his an nual report: "The agricultural appropria tion of 1908 included an item of $500,00, which was made avail able for permanent improvement work on the National Forests. The object of this work is to help open up the Forests to more use and provide means for their better and more economical pro tection, through the supply of means of communication and transportation, well-located field quarters, fire lines, fences to as sist in the handling of stock, and watering places. Those improve ments are essentially investments of capital, which add greatly to the value and usefulness of the Forests. "The work completed during the year included 3,400 miles of trails, 3,200 miles of telephone line, 100 miles of wagon road, 40 miles of fire line, 250 bridges, 550 cabins and barns, and 600 miles of pasture and drift fences. In addition to the sum provided by the special-improvement fund, over $100.000 from the general fund of the Service was turned from current expenses to defray the cost of this work, but much of the work planned and urgently needed could not be carried out because there was nothing with which to pay for it. "Detailed estimates covering a total of $2,000,000 for permanent improvements, which it was de sired to complete in 190'), were submitted to Congress. They showed for the entire amount ex actly what it was proposed to undertake on each National Forest, and at what cost. The amount provided by the appro priation was $600,000. For 1910 estimates will again be submitted for permanent improvements, the cost of which aggregate $974,981. These estimates are the result of specific and fully itemized plans, which are on file in the Forest Service. They are in no sense a request for a lump sum, the .pending of which remains to be planned in detail after appropria tion is made. It is of urgent im portance that this work should be provided for. "Though the construction of permanent improvements entails the need of provision tor their maintenance, the added efficiency of the Forests as economic re sources secured through these improvements richly repays the cost. With the Natioaal Forests as with any other recources.their returns depend on the extent to which development takes place through judicious outlays of capital, If the land is not to re main a wilderness it must be made serviceable to the needs of civilized man by constructive ex penditures. NEWS ITEMS FROM RE5ERYE. The Chfcefteln'e Regular Correspond ent Senda Liet of Interesting Occurrancaa. Following is a summary of the week's events at Reserve, sent by the Chieftain's regular corres pondent. Mr. and Mrs. Ab Alexander passed through town Sunday on ihe-ir whv to the home of Mrs. Alexander. School closed Thursday for the holidays. Augie Kiehne was a visitor in town Sunday. Mr. Taylor of Durfee's Well is around town at present writ ing. Mr. and Mrs. Chess Carpenter visited Mrs. Lulu Hudson Sun day. Mrs. Montague Stevens made one of her rare visits to town Tuesday. The weather here has been very cold with some snow the first part of the week. There will be a dance in town Christmas night. Reed Dean returned from Magdalena Wednesday. The scarlet fever scare lias de veloped icto nothing serious around here. Edna Earle returned to her home in Luna a few days ago. Mrs. Ada Morley returned to the Datils Saturday. She will go from there to Socorro. Lee Baldwin was out to the saw mill Sunday. CITY OF SOCORRO IN IS9I An In tarea ting- Editorial Tailing of the Condition of the Gem City Years Ago. The following editorial from a column of the Chieftain of De cember 25, 1891, is now of special interest as telling of the condi tion of the Gem City at that time: "With this issue of the Chief tain our work for 1891 will close. During the past vear Socorro has improved very perceptibly. The fire clay works have been es tablished, the Rio Grande smel ter has been enlarged and im proved, arrangements have been made for a bridge over the Rio Grande at this point, and the building of the School of Mines is up and about under roof. Many new dwellings and store buildings have been built; there has been no factures. Two new banks have been established and one newspaper, and yet Socorro is a very quit little city. Our merchants report that trade has not been so good for years as it has been this fall. This speaks worlds of good cheer for Socorro, and to those who find fault and grumble, we will say, there are many places that make more pretentions that are not half as good towns as Socorro." How'a ThiaP We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. F. J. Chknhy & Co., Toledo, O. We, the undersigned, have known F. J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe him per fectly honorable in all business transactions, and financially able to carry out any obligations made by his firm. Waldino, Kinnan & Makvin, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfuces of the system. Testimonials sent free. Price, 75c ptr bottle. Sold by all druggists. Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation. Card of Tbanka. The Sisters of Loretto wish to acknowledge most gratefully the generous gifts bestowed upon them by their friends, and, in retnrn, beg the Divine Infant of Bethlehem to grant them a spec ial blessing for every one of the three hundred and sixty-five days of the coming New Year. Hon. H. O, Bursumcame home Thursday from his sheep ranches in the Oscuras to spend Christ mas with bis family. THE ENTERTAINMENT Given in the Opera House Wed nesday Evening Was a very Gratifying Success. NETTED $50 FOR NEW PIANO And Everybody Who Attended la Satiafied That He Got Hia Mon ey'e Worth. The musical and literary en tertainment given at the Optra house Wednesday evening by the teachers and pupils of the public schools for the purjose of rais ing money to pay for the new piano recently purchased for school use was well attended and greatly enjoyed, and was also a gratifying success financially. The pupils all did well in t Im parts assigned them and many complimentary expressions were heard concerning their training and aptitude. The net receipts amounted to $50, leaving $'0 vet to be raised to complete the pay ment. The teachers of the pub lic schools wish to express their hearty thanks to all those who helped in any way to make the entertainment a success. PKOGKAM OF KXKHCISES. Following is the program of exercises as rendered: Overture "Silver Star" Orchestra March "Sword of Honor" Orchestra "The Darlings of the Year".... By Twelve Boys "Santa and the Mouse" Rafael Louez Play in Two Acts "Santa Claus" By Four Pupils "A Merry Christmas" Burris Potts Drill "Topsy Turvy" By Eight Pupils "On Christmas Day" Samuel Zimmerly "Be Happy Today" Uy Four Boys Quadrille "Mother Goose" By Twelve Pupils Waltz-"True Kyes" School Orchestra March "College Girls" School Orchestra "A Home Made Santa Claus By Twelve Pupils "My Santa Claus Letter" Stanley Mayer Dialogue "Casamiento por Anuncio Speech on Statehood Willard Hill Las Pelonotas" Por Dos Niñas "Twilight Dream-" Orchestra Dialogue "Waiting for the 2:40 Train" "The Irish Student" By Three Boys. PUBLIC NOTICE Notice is hereby given that a cross-cut is being made in the Hop Canon, Magdalena Mining District, Socorro county. New Mexico, its purpose being to de velop the mineral veins on the fol lowingminingclaims: Slide Rock No 1, Slide Rock No. 2, Slide Rock No. 3. Slide Rock No. 4, Slide Rock No. 7, Slide Rock No. 8. Slide Rock No. 9, Slide Rock No. 10 and the Ethel, Sara Jen nie, and Lumia claims. The said tunnel begins on Slide Rock No. 1 and extends in a north easterly direction towards the Black Peak. All tunnel rights under the law are claimed and will be maintained. Calvmkt Nhw Mkxico Mi .vino Co.. By Dk. Alex McCallum, President. MASONS ELECT OFFICERS Election for the Enauing Year Last Tuesday Evening, Inatallation Next Monday Evening. At a regular communication of Socorro Lodge No. 9. A. F. and A. MM Tuesday evening, officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows: II. M. Dougherty. W. M.; E. A. Drake. S. W.; John Greenwald, J. W.; J. P. Chase. Treas.; C. G. Duncan, Sec'y.; W. D. Crabtree, T. The instal lation of these officers will take place at a special convocation next Monday evening. For hay or alfalfa in carload lots, actual weight, inquire at Chambón'. TO CHANGE SCHOOL LAW Important Recommendations Will a Made to the Next Assem bly by the School Board. CONSOLIDATION OF SCHOOLS It Will Be Recommeuded Alao That buperintendenU Be Elected in ' the Spring. A recent issue of the Santa Fe New Mexican contained an arti cle concerning certain proposed changes in the school laws which should be read and pondered by all vitizens of the territory who havi! the welfare of the public sclu ols at all at heart. Rapidly chancing conditions in the terri tory are making some radical changes in the school laws im perative. The New Mexican's artil le is as lollows: "Among the amendments which will be recommended to the thirty-eighth territorial as sembly by the board of educa tion besides those already an nounced are three which concern vitally the progress of the edu cational work of the territory. These amendments have not yet been formulated, but are in course of preparation by various attorneys who are acting for those who suggested them to the board. "O.ie of these is to authorize the consolidation of schools in sparsely settled districts, and to provide for the transportation of pupils who live more than two miles from the school house. This amendment, it is thought, will not onlv make for a better morale in the schools, but by in creasing the number of pupils will make it possible to secure better teachers, a higher and se quential course of study and lonrer school term, and at the same time save considerable ex pense. "Another is a recommendation which came from certain county superintendents, asking that the elections for superintendents be held in the spring at the same time as the municipal and dis trict elections instead of in No vember at the time of the gen eral elections. This recommen dation was adopted by the board and the superintendent of the schools of Grant county, who was one of those who recom mended the change, and who is a lawyer, is preparing the amendments. By electing super intendents in the spring it is urged, the school management could be effectively divorced from local politics. Moreover the su perintendent would go into office in August instead of in January and would take up the work from the beginning of the school year instead of in the middle as at present. "A third proposition which came from business men in dif ferent parts of the territory, and which was adopted by the board, is an amendment prohibiting county superintendents from teaching school during the in cumbency of their office. There is no prohibition in the present law against their teaching, and many of them have been doing it, notably in Colfax and Otero counties. In view of the fact that the superintendents- has to approve all school warrants, it is thought better to make a posi tive prohibition against their teaching and an amendment to that effect will be offered." N. P. Eaton left Monday for his ranch in the San Mateos after a business visit of two or three days in Socorro. He said that Mrs. Eaton expected to go to Las Cruces at once to meet their daughter Gertrude, who was attending the Loretto acad emy, and that they would then go to El Paso to ppend the holi days at the home of Mr. Eaton's sister, Mrs. Owens. County Treasurer Jose E. Tor res went up to Santa re the first of the week to bring home his tvo sons Valentine and Estevan, who are students at St. Michael's college, for a holiday visit. Conrado A. Baca, deputy treas urer and collector, and wife spent Christmas day with relatives and friends in Santa it. $10,000 ON MOGOLLON ROAD Socorro County Expected to Contrib ute toward Building Road between Silver City and Mogollón. Arrangements for the substan tial improvement of the wagon road between Silver City and Mogollón have progressed far enough to make it practically certain that the plans will be ex ecuted in every detail. The road is approximately ninety miles long, and it is the inten tion of the promoters of this much needed improvement to spend $10.000 to net it in good condition for vehicle traffic. So corro county is expected to con tribute $2.500, Grant county $1. 500, the merchants of Silver City $1.000 ($S00 of which has already teen pledged), making a total of $5.000. To this amount $5.000 will be added by the So corro Mines Company and Ernes tine Mining Company, bringing the grand total up to $10.000. The plans for the contemplated improvements will be decided upon by a committee of three members from Silver City and three from Mogollón, who will act in conjunction with the boards of county commissioners f Socorro and Grant counties. Silver City Independent. ALL HAD TURKEY FOR DINNER Priaonera at the Fen Alao Enjoyed a Full Holiday and a Minatrel Show. According to the following from the New Mexican, the pris oners at the territorial peniten tiary must have enjoyed a Merry Christmas with all the rest of the world: "Christmas at the territorial penitentiary will bring to the prisoners confined there as much of the holiday cheer as is possi ble in the circumstances. Capt, John W. Green, superintendent, will give his prisoners a full holiday, and will also feed them with a genuine Christmas dinner of turkey and the usual accom paniments. In the afternoon the prisoners will be entertained by an amateur minstrel show to be given by a troupe of St. John's Methodist Episcopal church of this city. "The prisoners who are at work on the Scenic Highway will also have a holiday and wit) have their Christmas dinner in camp.' The prisoners at the pen itentiary are a cheerful lot under Capt. Green's benevolent and ef fective rule. They do their woik without complaint, and will appreciate he superitendents ef forts to bring into their solitary lives something of the happiness that pervade the world at Christ mas." NEWS ITEMS FROM ARAGON. The Chieftain la Now to Be Favored With Regular Correapondenca From Out Weat. The Chieftain is now to be favored with weekly items of news from Aragón. Plenty of snow and cold weath er here. Mrs. Morley visited us Satur day and Sunday. Erb Wallace was in Aragón Saturday. John Porter and Joe Porter spent Sunday afternoon with friends in Aragón. James Patterson is our new mail carrier. Harry Delgar and A. B. Banta returned Monday from a bust ness trip to Magdalena and So corro. Cruz Lopez, who was severely injured by two runaway horses, is now out of danger. Gus Wheeler was in town Wednesday. Benj. . Sanchez has bought a little span of horses to drive to his buggy. Mr. and Mrs. G. II. Sweet aid Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Sweet and two children, all of Topeka, Kansas, and Mr. and Mrs. F. II Sweet of Alexandria, Louisiana, are guests in the home of Pro bate Clerk and Mrs. E. H. Sweet of this city for a few days. The occasion is a family gathering that cannot fail to be greatly en joyed by all. PARK HOUSE REOPENS JAN. I Mr. and Mra. F. II. Richarda Form erly of San Marcial Are Hoat and Hoateet. The Park House will be re opened for the entertainment of guests on the first day of Janu ary. Old-timers who used to stop at this hotel forty years and more auo would hardly rec ognize it now, so treat have been the changes recently made in and about the building. The row of ruined adobe rooms on the north side of the plazita has been torn down and a row of comfort able new rooms has taken its place. A large dining room and kitchen have been built on the south side of the rooms that formerly served as office and din ing room, and the whole Park street front oí that wing of the building has Ixen substantially rebuilt in brick. Old roofs have everywhere been replaced with new ones of tin. The inside of the building has undergone a no ess complete overhauling than the outside. The rooms have been thoroughly repaired and newly furnished. A glimpse at one of them shows that they are in apple pie order. Mr. and Mrs. Richards have an excellent reputation in their line of busi ness and everybody may feel as sured that Socorro now has a hotel that will meet all reasona ble demands. MRS. TI5TRCIA FLORES DEAD A Woman Who Had Many Warm Frienda in Both Socorro and Magdalena. The Chieftain is in receipt of the following notice concerning the death of Mrs. Tib ircia Flores, a former resident of Socorro: Magdalena, Dec. 23, 1908. Editor Chieftain: Mrs. Tiburcia Flores died Monday morning at 8 o'clock at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Knoblock twelve miles from Mag dalena, where she had been a guest for some time. The cause of the death was nothing more than the infirmities and weak ness of old age. Mrs. Flores lived in Socorro . a great many years, but lately made her home in Magdalena. In both places she had many friends who will be sorry to hear of her death. Mrs. Flores was good, kind and charitable and well thought of by everybody. She leaves three sons Estevan of Magdalena, David of San Mnrcial, and Felix of El Paso. INAUGURATION, GRAND AFFAIR Plenty of Money to Make Pageant Oreateat in Yeare -Enormoua Crowd Expected. A. press dispatch from Wash ington concerning the inaugura tion of President-elect Taft says; "If money has anything to do willi making the inauguration a success, that of President-elect Taft on March 4th next will be the greatest the country has ever seen. Already Chairman Giles of the finance committee has in his possession a guaranty fund of $75,000, which is $12.000 larger than the amount received four years ago, and it is expect ed that before contributions cease the fund will be considera bly larger. "The chief source of revenue for the return of this guaranty fund is the inaugural ball, which bronght in $40,000 four years ago, while the income from the reviewing stand was $20,000. It is expected that there will be at least 200,000 visitors in Wash ington on inauguration day." Sr. D. Jose Pino y Baca, an old and highly respected citizen of Socorro, died at his home in the western part of the city Wednesday morning of asthma in the seventy-eighth year of his age. The funeral services Thursday from the residence and the church of San Miguel were attended by a very large number of relatives and friends oT the deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Simon Stern and Mrs. Leon B. Stern of Albuquer que spent Christmas day in So corro as guests in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Price.