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iKentzzcfy's Coming' ROcnt. 'V. GOV. J. C. W. BECKHAM M1S9 JEAN FUQUA, OWENSB0R0. Gov. J. C. W. Beckham, the youngest governor In the United States, will soon niarry Mif-3 Joan Fuqua, one of Kentucky's handsomest girls. The wedding will take place at Owensboro, Ky., the home of the bride. The event v ill be of Interest to every section of the south as the governor and his Intended bride are known by everyone In that part of the country. The governor is now only 22 and Miss Fuqua la 21. The young couple are the descendants of two of Kentucky's oldest and most prominent families. Gov. Beckham's grandfather on his mother's side was a former chief executive ot the Blue Grass state. Miss Fuqua's father Is a wealthy tobacco merchant.. Miss Fuqua !s tall, has a flark complexion and Is noted for her love of atblet- Ics. f i "Railroad Cramp Waisance. The Importance of .the railroad tramp nuisance Ik indicated by the fact that it is mad!? the subject of the leading article In the "investors' sup plement" of the Commercial and Financial Chronicle, an isiiie of over ISO pat.'s. - The estimate of Josiah Flynn that 10,000 tramps steal rldC3 nightly and 10,000 more are loitering around railroad lard Is quoted, to gether with his estimate that each of the 60,100 tramps In the country trav els on an average of fifty mils a day, which, for 100 dava in the year, means 3,000,000 miles of free transportation annually, which at two cents a mile, would represent paying travel of $8, 000,000. The free rides are, however, of slight Importance compared with tho extensive pilfering of freight and personal damage claims arising through accid 'iits to tramps white tresp.usslng. Tho Commercial and Financial Chronicle aJviseB railroads to adopt tho plan of the Pennsylvania road, which employs a regular force of eighty-three men to keep the cars and yards clear of the undesirable class. The success of the plan Is shown in that the company pays $17,000 a year less for Its police arrangements than before it adopted it. The adoption of the plan by all Important roads would not oniy be of benefit to them but to the country. It is well kmrwn that most tramps are what they are partly bccar.so of hatred of work and partly boeause they like to travel. The re moving of easy facilities for transpor tation would reduce the number enor mously. The driving poor may gt treo transportation at any time. Japs Miss Hot "Baths. Apart from th trouble the Japanese have with fermenting rice, their s.aplc rations in China, they experience con sldijrable annoyance wpfc their hot baths. Every Japanese soldier, when at home, is accustomed to a hot bath at least once a da. During a cam paign like that which Is now being conducted In the province of Chill, It is not always easy to prepare hot baths every morning for 30.000 men. The men feel very uncomfortable without their dally tub, b: i the Jap Is brave and uncomplaining, and withal pains taking and Ingenious enough to con trive means to compass this little bit of luxury In tho Held. Correspond ence Chicago Record. Governor of Florida. One representative of the Bryan family came oat o fthe recent election victoriously and the governorship of Florida 13 the consolation prize that compensates the family for the loss ot the presidency. Hon. V. S. Jen- -1 -' " HON. W. S. JENNINGS, nings, who was elected chief executive of the Peninsula State, is a native of Illinois, born Match 21. 1KC3. He re moved to Florida In 1S06 He graduat ed from the Southern Illinois Univer sity and the Union Law College in Chicago, and has practiced law since Ills r.sideneo in Florida, lie has been lionored with many offices in Brooks vllle, where he resides, sat lu the legis- Am VIEWS. . The De Cast ell ancs. LI I II II ' ' "' """" ' - - " ' ' , . - - . - ,,'.'" : v; v' t- . ; -. ' M - , " . , . 1 . ...:. i ; . V i ' : Vf: . . - I ,.' ...' ;.. 41?'". , , ''!"' ''- , j , " V - - . - ; -4, . - j , r i . ' r . r . - i . y f i - - , ' "'" ' s, ? . . 1 I . . . t w V , - 1 - " '' " . ' ' s 1 - -. ' V 'J . - i t - '.-' . " - a . I ." . i, a I . - " ; " , - '' ' ' - ' " " '- '" ' ' i v . - ,.,rmtr!,: -I-.- I '.I xj " J.' V : ' '. " M J - ' KI, U ..... I . . v ! '.'" . ' ' eT-' g , . . . . Count Boni de Caatellane and bis wire, tha former Anna Gould, wnose financial affairs are now the topic of table talk for two continents, are here presented as they app :ar in a new group photograph jntt taken in Paris. The countessalthough a small woman, is almost as tall as her husband. Boul, if a little extravnfrart. Is at least a brave man. This was shown by bis encounter with the burly and ferocious editor of the Petite Republique, in which he severely wounded his opponent, who had written an Insulting paragraph about him. lature aiitf was rpeaker of the Lower ioui. He is a man of character and ability and his independence ot i thought and ntt'Tince is not unlike bis ! tmifn r-i1A Tta!n Guests "Didn't Come. Governor General and Lady Minto of Canada have been the victims of an awkward contretemps. They ordered the A. D. C. In waiting to semi out 100 or ho inv itations. The cards were writ ten and on the afternoon appointed the vice regal host and hostess were ready to receive their guests. "Tho band played, the tea and cotfee steam ed away in tho urps ca the refresh ment table, but nobody cti:ie. By four o'clock something was known to be wrong; then th A. V. C's were In terrogated and it dawned upon one of them that he had forgotten to send out the cards. Maharajah of Vatiala. The Maharajah ot l'atiala, noted as a polo player, a cricketer, a eoldier and the chief Sikil prince of India, 4s dead, lie was very popular v.ii.'i tho British because of his loyalty to the empire and to the queen. Among the many rajahs of Indii th3 0vl monarch ranked in the third class and was entitled to a salute of seventeen pins. The two grades of princes above bim are cntlUrd to salutes of nineteen and twenty-one guns respectively. Patiiila'8 last noteworthy act was his request to be allowec' to go to South Africa and to evince his loyalty by personally fighting against the Boers. He visited London in 1S97 to attend the Jubilee of the queen and at the same time attracted much at tention by the splendor of his dress and the importance of his retinue. As Illustrating the methods young men have of working their way through college, one of the Tale facul Tuo More Islands. A Spanish-American convention ha been signed In Washington, by which two small Islands, bearing the raraei of Cagayon and Clbotn, are ceded t the United States by Spain for $100, 000. These islands lie at the southera and hottest extremity of the archipel ago, being the tail end of the Sulu group. Cagayen lies In the passage from the China sea Into the Sulu sen, and Cibotu lies between the Sulu and Celebes seas.' Both properly belong to the Philippine archipelago and were supposed to be ceded to the United States by the Paris treaty. But the limits of the cession were designated by geographical lines and two little islands were afterward found to lia outside the boundary named in the treaty, though believed, owing to their position being given incorrectly on the maps, to be within them. They wertr of no use to Spain, but that govern ment had the right to demand an extra compensation before turning them over to the United States. For this reason the full price of the archipel ago in money may now be said to hav been J20.100.000. The mistake of the commissioners has cost the extra amount, but the government has acted wisely In purchasing the stray Islands and keeping the archipelago intact. General Wesley Mcrritt found the Paris exposition not up to Ms expecta tions, lie thinks that the principal de fect was in organization, a respect in which the French fair was far Inferior to that held in this city. ty cites the scheme of a party ot stu dents ot.that Institution. Two of then made a trip to Europe last summer as hands on a cattle beat. Their experi ence, together with the pictures they took, forms the euhjet for" a lecture on that topic, with stjrcoptkon views, which they deliver at little towns about New Ilavtu. A Ua'.f dozen of their fellows have been formed into a MAHARAJAH OF PATIALA. banjo club, which plays during the entertainment. C. Oliver Iselin has yielded to the urgings of New York clubmen and will manage the yacht Col!tm;ia In trial races against the new defender of the America's cup. Mr. Isclln had an nounced his retirement from yachting life, but was induced ta reconsider h'.g deteniilnatloa. FARM AND GARDEN. MATTERS OF INTEREST TO AGRICULTURISTS. feme rp-to-Dufo Hint About CultiTu t Ion. or the Soil anil Yield Ttieroof llorUeullure, tilleultortt ul floricul ture. TTtinat! anil Bpelt. it communication from Prof. A. S. Hitchcock of the Kansas Agricultural College ays: The ' wheats of the world are all referred by botanists to three species, which form a natural group among the grasses. 1. One-grained wheat (Triticum Tnonococcura, L.) This wheat is ot great antiquity as Is shown by Us presence in the Swiss Lake dwellings of the Stone age. It Is now cultivated to a considerable extent In Spain and more rarely in some other countries of South Europe. It Is not often used for bread, but for mush and "cracked wheat" and for fodder. 2. Polish wheat (Tr. Polonlcum, L.) This did not originate in Poland, but probably in Spain. It is now grown in that country and also Italy and Abyssinia. The grain resembles rye. The beads are very large and of a blue-green color. The Polish wheat of Russia which Is being Introduced by the U. S. Department of Agriculture and Is being tried by the experiment stations of this country is not the true Polish wheat, tut a variety of common wheat 3. Common wheat and Spelt (Tr. sativum. Lam.) This group Is divided Into three races. " L Spelt (Tr. Spelta, L.) This was anciently the chief grain of Egypt and Greece, and was commonly cultivated la tho Roman empire. At present it la cultivated in a few localities In South Europe. II. Emmer (Tr. dicoccum, Schrsnk.) .'This grain is cultivated more or less In countries of South Europe and In parts of Russia,; Mr. M. A. Carleton of the United States Department of Agriculture has Introduced varieties ot this for trial. It was tried by the experiment station of the Kansas Ag rlcultural College, but failed to mature. It is often called Russian spelt, but is different from the true spelt. In Russia it is sometimes used for mak ing bread, but more often for gruel or porridge. This is advertised by the John A. Salzer Seed Company, under the name of "speltz." Seed obtained from that firm failed to produce a crop at the Kansas Experiment Station, only a few beads being formed and these not producing grain. Like the preceding group, the Emmers are characterized by the act that the grain remains within the chaff when threshed. The heads' are usually awned, but the awns (beards) are re moved in the threshing. III." Trto wheats. This race falls Into four more or less well-marked sub-races. ... , a. English wheat (Tr. turgidum, L.) Leaves broad and usually clothed with velvety hairs. The grain Is plump and truncate or cut off at the upper end. This wheat is cultivated In Medi terranean countries and mere rarely in England. It is poor in gluten and makes e grayish Hour. The so-called Miracle Egyptian or Mummy wheats (Tr. compositum, L.), form a group of varieties of this sub-race which orig inated as a sport. Their culture is not profitable, as the grains develop un equally. b. Macaroni, Durum or Flint wheats (Tr. Durum. Desf.) The heads have long, bristly owns like barley. The grain is very hard and Is used extsn slvely for making macaroni and simi lar rrcducts. Grows In Mediterranean countries. In Russli it is u.'ed for making bread, mixed with TO to 25 per cent of soft red wheat. The Kan sas Experiment Station has some of these Russian varieties under trial. c. Dwarf and Hedgehog wheat (Tr. compacUini, Host.) These varieties are grown in tho mountainous regions of Europe, Chili, Turkestan and Abys E?uia, but are of little Interest to us. 6. Common wheat (Tr. vulgare, VU1.) Tho varieties of this sub-race are the common forms cultivated in the United States and need no further description at this point. The soft wheats contain less gluten, the pro nounced sorts, such as the English wheat mentioned above under (a), are better adapted for making starch than baking. The very hard kinds are over rich in gluten, and bread made from them Is too firm. They are used for making macaroni, "cracked wheats" and mush. Several promising Russian varieties are Wins tried at the Kansas Exne.-larent Station and were crossed this season w ith some of our best Kan sas varieties. HorUcTHInral OlwrratinM. According to consular reports from Germany the demand for American dried apples, peaches and raspberries Is Increasing. Consul General Mason at E'H'lin saj'3, however, that to hold the market Americans must ship in larg: quantities of th"se things a moderate prices. That is coir. to be the troubic In the future S3 it has been in the past the selling of our fruits low enough to bold the foreign mar kets. However, we have this to help us the Europeans are accustomed to paying fairly high pi ices fjr their fruit. The next meeting of (he Horticul tural Society of Southern Illinois Is to be hold I t Kinmundy, November 27 and So. We hope that readers ot the Farmers' Review will be present from all parts of the state. Southern Illi nois has a great future as an apple growing section, and at this time even the orchard Interests are so extensive that many of the great problems r?! tlve to orcharding are being wnrked' out there. We feel sure that any Illi nois grower of fruits will be well re paid for his attendance at the meet At this time of year, when eo much. fruit is going into cold storage both for long keeping end for transit. It i;s necessary that much attention be given to proper preparation of tho fruit. Ve are, as yet, only at the thrcshhold of great things in this line. As jet we know little of what certain kinds of fruit3 will do under cold storage conditions. It will ultimately be found that different kinds of fruita require different temperatures to keep them at the best. Packers of -"ruits for cold storage have been frequently disappointed at the ninnner In which their fruits came out of storage, when the varieties have been other than the long-keeping sorts. Now the differ ent companies and growers are experi menting to learn the requisites for each kind of fruit. i Reporl3 say that the Investigations by the United States forestry commis sion show the wooded area of the country to be considerably greater than supposed. It has been ot late years placed at about 20 per cent, but that figure has now been raised to 37 per cent. The fact is that people take little count of what is called annua forest growth. This, taking the country as a whole, means a very groat lworease every year. In the older settled states forest fires are less extensive now than before when the wooded areas were contiguous. So it happens that In some parti of the east, notably in Vermont and in Connecti cut, the forests are as large and thrifty as they were a hundred years ago. If this is so during the present time, wbeimve have applied little of forestry science to the handling of the forests, what will it be when we have learned to take care of our trees aa we should? Gras. Grass Is the forgiveness of nature her constant benediction. Fields trampled with battle, saturated with blond, torn with the ruts of cannon, grow green again with grass,-and car nage is forgotten. Streets abandoned by traffic become grass-grown -. like rural lanes, and are obliterated. For ests decay, harvests perish, flowers uish, but grass Is immortal. Be leaguered by the sullen hosts of win ter, it withdraws into the impregnable fortress of its subterranean vitality, and emerges upon the first solicitation of spring, Sown by the winds, by wan dering birds, propagated by the subtle horticulture of the elements which are its ministers and servant, It softens the rude outline of the world. Its tena cious fibers hold the earth in Us place and prevent ita soluble components from washing into the wasting sea. It Invades ihe solitude of deserts, dimb3 tho inaccessible slopes and forbidding pinnacles of mountains, modifies cli mates, and determines the history character and destiny of nations. Un obtrusive and patient, it has immortal vigor and aggression. Banished from the thoroughfare and the field, it bides its time to return, and when vigilance is relaxed, or the dynasty has perishsd, it silently resumes the throne from which it has been expelled, but which it never apd'eate?. It bears no blaz onry of bloom to eharm the senses with fragrance or splendor, but lt3 homely hue is more enchanting than the lily or the rose. It yields no fruit In earth or air, and yet should its harvest fail for a single year, famine would depop ulate the world. John J. Ingalls. Cr-mian Clrr " lh North. A few years ago It W3s believed that crimson clover was a plant valuable for the North and for the South. After several years of rather extended ex perience tho sio.vers at the North, both on our farm3 and at our experi aient stations have passed upon it ad versely. It is a plant requiring a cli mate warmer than we can gTe it, and it also requires conditions for its growth such as seldom exist here. Where red clover can be grown to perfection it is Impossible to put In any kind of a clover that will bo more profitable. We would, however, en courage experimentation with It even in the North. It may be found of value in some localities far out of Us natural latitude. In the South It has been little understood, and has Quite often failed because tha soil did, not contain the germs necessary to Its health. Where it has been sown on fields and has repeatedly failed we would suggest trying to inoculate the soil with water that has been drawn through soil taken from thrifty fluids of red clover. The Grapa Crop ot rwnt A newspaper correspondent writing from Nimes, France, under date of Aug. .2-d. said: Tho annual wire sale which took place la this city yesterday brought U-gether a large number of wine-grow ers and dealers. The prices were lower than at any time during the last thir ty years. It is reported that wise has been ofTerrd during the last three weeks at as low as ?1 per barrel. Large sales were made yesterday at $1.50, $2 and $3 per barrel ot 110 cunts. Th6 vines arc weighed down with luscious fruit that Is fast taking the last pur ple tinge and swelling to bursting un der the sun. One grape-grower brought in a small vine yesterday to which hung ninety-five bunches of grapes, and this little overloaded branch of green and rurp'e was a fair specimen of the average vineyard of today; The wine men In this section of France have but one cause for anxiety, and that Is to find barrels in which to hcuse tho purple flood. altpr for T.-e Kflltajr. sum timg ago we saw in an Aus- tralian exchange a icuci -- a. form er resident of the United States tell-;-ing about the practice of killing trees by the U30 of saltpeter. According to his statement tha saltpeter was In serted in tho tree while in the process of growth and while the leaves were still performing their function. A hole was bored In tho tree and filled with saltpeter and water, after which the hole was plugged up. This saltpeter was carried to all parts of the tree. Then another hole was bored and more saltpeter inserted, which also was dis tributed through the tree. After the tree died it was set on fire and burned up root and branch, the saltpeter mak ing it burn fiercely. We do not know how much of a fancy sketch this was, and if any of our readers have had ex perience in the matter we would like to hear from them. Recently a dslcusslon has been going on as to the power to destroy green stumps in this way. Some men say they bored holes in the stumps and put in the saltpeter and water, only to find afterward that the stump would not burn. Some others say the effect was to rot the stump, which could afterward be dug out easily. Up to date we have learned of no way that will deal with the stumps more effec tively than does the stump puller. As to the burning up of trees that have been saturated with saltpeter, we think the time has gone past for that kind of operation. The time was when trees in this country were simply in the way and were destroyed In the shortest way possible. But now they are wortn saving If only for fire-wood. Tbo SoiL A farmer can have neither a good pasture nor a good meadow witnout a good sod. But the kind of sod he needs on his pasture is very different from the sod he needs in his meadow. We see in a contemporary a laudation of blue-grass sod for the pasture. But wo know that blue grass sod Is not the ideal sod for a pasture. , It should be a part of the sod but not the whole thing. Blue grass makes good pas ture at certain seasons, but during much of the time is below its prime. The pasture sod should most certain ly be formed of a variety of grasses, so that grass will be making a good growth at all seasons when any grass could grow. The sod for tho meadow should of course be made of one kind of grass. The meadow 13 supposed to be for tho production of hay and the hay crop is gathered at one time. But in both cases the sod should be well taken care of, should be well manured and not permitted to get thin. One of the great faults of our, American farming is neglect of the sod in both pastures and meadows. In the sod lies much of tha profit on the farm. We think If our farmers would keep a close ac count of tho receipts from their sod lands they would pay more attention to them. - ' Hog lloute la the building of hog houses. If such houses are to be Ideal, a number cf Important points must be taken, Into consideration. A writer on the subject of hog houses rightly says: "There is one point that is commonly lost sight cf in hog growing, and that is that he la cn animal to which sun shine Is Just as essential as it is to the corn plant. Neither corn nor pork can be produced successfully without plenty of sunshine. In the building of the hog house have it constructed in such a way that the sun will shine into it on the south and reach to the back of the pen and on the beds of tho pigs." The house should be arranged on tne wsiae so tnai mere win ue a free circulation of air between tho pens. This Is especially necessary In warm weather. The drainage should be such that the floor of the house will be always dry. The arrangements for removing the manure should be so perfect that It can be kept out of the way of the hogs at all times. The pens in the house should be construct ed with the idea of often needing to change pigs from one pen to another. To accomplish some of these things it will be necessary to have much of the Inside arrangement made movable. Swinging gates can be used to ad vantage. ' YteMn cf Wheat, That the average yield per acre of our wheat can be doubled under proper methods is demonstrated by the re ports that we are constantly receiv ing from the agricultural colleges and the experiment stations. The average yield of wheat in the country at larga Is only about 13 bushels per acre, yet in some of our states where, because of deficient rainfall, the conditions for growing wheat ara not of the best, the yields are far In excess of the average for the country. We notice that even ic Oklahoma the yields as reported at the station are such that wheat raising la highly profitable. Yields of from 25 to 36 bushels to tha acre are given as the results ot their various experiments in handling the land for the wheat crop. What Is done on a small scale can be quite gen erally done on a larger scale, and there is no good reason why the best methods should not be widely applied. English and Amerlraa Thoroughbred. The difference in the types ot Eng lish and American thoroughbred horse3 has been set forth as follows: The English horse Is taller, or leggier, as they say, then ours. He usually has more length and mora quality; whereas the American thoroughbred has mora substance, 13 more closely ymped that is, shorter and, as rule. Is a horse of better constitution and saunfler, particularly in the wind, a "roarer" being a rare tiling with uj.