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The Chickasha Daily Express,
DAVt 'ublUht r. CI1ICKASIL IX D TLB. .pensc ar uan In a with her CMh. The on manufacturers tna, and they are tward in speaking Crooked financiering In New York baa become so fast and furious that Mr Miller, the 120 per rent man, has The latest exposition of rural mall delivery in the United States is the remarkable route extending three ners are descendants of reindeer im ported from Siberia in 12. of which there are now twenty large herds in Alaska, notwithstanding frequent newspaper assertions that the reindeer are all dead. Care of the sick can scarcely reach 1U highest Ideal save where personal attachment supplements knowledge and skill. Therefore, It belongs to the life of every woman. There are few households Indeed where any girl can crow ud without some opportunities ing and well- tratlona A collection of ancient Greek orna ments which co been given by J the MetropolIU: York City. Th years making, : gold crown, a h gold and stiver embossed mask gold and silver gold-wlnged sta' They date from it him $200,000 has . i'iTpbut M;igaa to museum of art, New ; collection was many id Includes a large eavy gold necklace, a bridal wreath, a gold of a young woman, a bridal wreath, large uets and a gold ram. m B. C. The wife of 1j Hung Chang has the credit of being not only the richest woman In China b'.it also of being the moat luxurious woman on earth. Twice daily Mrs U bathes in oil of orange and acacia flowers, and she has a etafl of 1,000 servants. Her ward robe is most expensive and Is said to contain no fewer than 1,000 coats and 1.200 t rouse rettes. Mrs. U is able to walk only a few feet at a time, being crippled like the majority of Chinese women: but If report be trustworthy she Is by no means an idle woman, for he la said to keep a detailed account of the expenditure of bervaat house hold and to be an excellent woman of burflues. Public sentiment will generally ap prove the action of the New York sheriff who recently arrested a "lady cyclist." She was trying to cover three tnou-nd miles In quicker time than that distance had ever been rid den before, and when the sheriff In terfered had already covered twenty six hundred miles In leas than twelve days. She was In such a pitiable con dition that people living near the scene of her riding made complaint. It may not be necessary U regard such a person as a criminal, but any one who knows no better than to Impose such a strain upon her own health, If not upon her life. U better off In custody than out of It. A recent magaxine contains a re markable picture of a wild white-footed mouse nursing her four young onos. It la a reproduction of a photograph made from life under circumstances so pleasant that they are worth retelling. Tt owner of the camera was walking la the woods with a friend, when he cane upon tho interesting family group The frightened mother Instant ly disappeared, and could not be found -ren after the moat careful search. It wa only wheo the two men reached home that the little creature was found In the pocket of one of them Fearing that the young one would die. the photographer ran back two mile with the old mouse In his hand, and the charming picture referred to represents the first meeting of the re united family. Mr. Martin Dodge, director of the office of public road Inquiries, an nounce that th secretary of agricul ture has established In the division of chemistry a laboratory for testing physically and chemically all varieties of road materials. These substance include rock of all kind. gravl, shells, brick, clays and other bodies used In road building In country dis tricts, but do not Include materials for municipalities. This laboratory will be ready for operation about De cember 1. Any person desiring to have road materials tested In tula lab oratory la advised to writ to the of flee of public road inquiries, depart ment of agriculture, Washington, D. C, for Instructions In regard to th methods of selecting and shipping samples, A good many year ago some clever Yankee built a house In sections, took It around the Horn, and set it up In Hawaii over a carefully made cellar. Th cellar still exists, a monument to the inappropriate. It is a good place for centipede to build their home, but beyond that as useless as an Ice chest in Greenland. The old maxim rind out men's want and need And meet them there, has lost none of Its force. Those wo neglect It cannot complain If people laugh at them. daiey AM) POULTRY. INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR RURAL READERS. Ui w Snreeuful Vatmcn Operate Tata llepartuaeut of th Farm A Few Hlau mm to the Car of Un Stock and tuultrj. CtMH Iudutrr of Canada. Prof. H. H. Dean of Guelph. Can., In an address before the Vermont Dairymen's Association, said: The cheese industry of Canada. Is a result of the favorable natural condi tions, and a reflection of the genius snd tastes of Canadian people. Th great lakes and inland rivers and streams, together with a fertile aoil In most parts, making almost Ideal conditions for manufacturing Ched dar cheese The descendants of Scotch, English, German, Dutch and French settieia, together with a good sprinkling of New Englandeis, have Inherited thn tastes and aptitudes ot their forefathers for making fine cheese. The countries from which Canadians have sprung are among the most noted cheeremakers In the world, and their sons would b casting dis credit upon their ancestry did they not make good the traditions ot their fathers. In 1864 the system of co-operative cheesemeklng was introduced to Can ada from the state of New York. At that time we were Importing cheese for home consumption. At present we export from 117,000,000 to $18,000,000 worth of cheese annually, or $3 worth for every inhabitant of the country. At this stage it may not be out of place to compare the relative export of cheese from Canada and the United State. In 1864 Canada exported none; In 1870 Canadian exports of cheese were nearly fi.OOO.ooo pounds. Th United States exports in 1870 were nearly 60,000.000 pound. In 1880 Canada had increased her exports to about 40,000,000 pounds, but the Unit ed SUte bad Increased theirs to 127, 500,000 pounds. From this time on Canadian cheese exports have In creased, while those from the United State hive steadily decreased. la 1890 American exports had dropped to 9S.000.000 pounds; in 185 to 60, 000,000 and in 1898 to 46.000,000 pounds. Canada In 1898 exported 150, 000.000 pounds. There are doubtless two main causes of this decrease In exports of United State cheese, vis: A rapidly increasing home population which consumed large quantities of cheese, and laxity of laws relating to the manufacture and sal ot "skim" and "filled" cheese. The two classes of cheese have prejudiced the British consumer against American goods and ha been favorable for th Introduc tion of "full crewu." cheese from Can ada In Canada co "siUaa" or "filled" cheese Is allowed to be made or sold. The number of factories has in creased from none In 1864 to about J.000 In 19O0. This rapid growth Is due, In addi tion to causes mentioned, to: J. Th fostering care of provincial And Dominion governments. 1 Th good work done by the vari ous dairy associations In appointing Inspectors and instructors, and in spreading dairy knowledge among th people. t. The work of the dairy schools In training cheeaemaker to take charge ot the factories. 4. An Improvement In buildings and equipment, though there Is still room for Improvement In this direc tion. 5. The growth Is due to the fact that the cheese Industry has paid. Like Americans, Canadians are not fond ot a calling which does not pay them. While there have been year in which the business was not profit able, yet, on the whole cheese has paid as well as any branch of agricul ture during the past thirty five years. There Is still room for Improvement in the class of cows kept on Canadian farms, in the care ot the milk. In th methods ot making and curing the cheese: also In marketing the cheese and dividing the profits among all classes concerned. At present there Is not true co-operation, but each class endeavors to get all out of the busi ness which Is possible tor them, re gardless of consequences to the others. A more hearty co-operation, together with less selfishness, would promot the growth of the cheese Industry In Canada. Th DanWh Itaeoa Ho. There are a good many things that we can learn from the Danes, and among them we might nam readiness to adapt ourselves to new circum stances. When about forty year ago th Danes turned to butter producing from grain and stock raising, they found It necessary to create a way to dispose of the by-products of their dairies. Naturally the way out was found In the hog. But the native hog was not Just the kind of an animal that wou'd make the most ont of his food and so they Imported a better hog from Holsteln. When they investi gated this better hog they found that he had been created partly by an in fusion of blood from Imported Eng lish hogs. So the Dane went to Im porting English hog to be used with their own. A good many of these Im ported hogs were Berkshire and some were what ar known at Middle White. It is said that by 1870 nearly halt of the boars la us In Denmark were of English origin. Moat of th bacon had been consumed by the Danes or by the Germans, but by 1880 the English had begun to appreciate th high quality ot Danish bacon. Th English public, however, demanded a longer side than the Danish and Eng- llsh cross gave and the Dene took the hint and began to Import what is known in England as the "Large White." It was a wise more op th part ot the Danish f aimers, and in seven or eight years England had be come the largest buyer of Danish bacon. At the present time the Danes ar endeavoring to develop a fixed breed out of their mixed herds and propose to call it the "native" breed. They will doubtless succeed in this, but If they try to get their breed and themselves Into a state of eternal fixedness they may awake some morn ing to find that the bacon market has slipped out of their grasp. The no tions that govern market demands change, and the producer must always b ready to change with them. PouWrj Mot. A bird that has been sick U not fit to b a breeder, for it is a waste of time to build on weak constitutions, in buying birds look after the same point, and be sure that the man from whom you buy has good healthy stock. a A fowl that has been sick should never be used as a breeder. For this reason fowls that get over any trou ble should never again be put back with the flock If the eggs from the flock are to be used for hatching pur poses. This shows the necessity for a breeding pen, which should always be selected from fowls that are per fectly healthy. It is said that as poultry raisers women often succeed where men fail, especially if the work is to be carried on on a small scale. This is account ed for by the fact that women are ac customed to fight dirt, and dirt Is one or the things that makes poultry keep ing a doubtful venture. Then, too, women can more easily adapt them selves to th task of looking after small details than can men. a Which breed Is the best? Is a ques tion that cannot be answered off-hand. The public may esteem one breed of fowls more than another, but that is no proof that th? breed so esteemed Is the best or Is at all superior to some breeds that are not popular. The tact Is that advertising a breed both in the newspapers and in the show rooms tends to keep it in the public eye and to convince the casual observer that It has about it something that other breed dc not. The wise buyer will pay no attention to fame that has been obtained by advertising only, but will pick out his breed according to what it can actually do. a According to one writer on poultry, pulverised charcoal is a fine thing tor turkeys, He tells about two pens of turkeys of four birds each. One pen waa fed on meal, boiled potatoes and oats. The other pen was fed the same way with the addition that they had a pint of finely pulverised charcoal mixed with their feed. They had also a plentiful supply of broken charcoal In their pen. The eight were killed on the same day, and the oues that had th charcoal weighed one and a half pounds more each thsn the ones that had no charcoal. This Is im portant if the birds were of equal weight when they were put Into the pens or If the differences of weight were taken into consideration at the time they were killed. hp raadtac In Nebraska. In a recent experiment, eight lots of lambs were ted. Alfalfa and prairie hay were used as roughness, four lots being fed on each. Seven lots had a protected yard and a shed for shelter. Lot 8 had only an open yard with no shed for shelter. The lambs weighed an average ot 50 pounds when the ex periment commenced on November 26, 1899, and sold In Omaha 100 days later, weighing an average ot 78 pounds. Four different grain rations were fed to the tour lots on prairie hay and three grain rations to the four lots on alfalfa hay. Lot 1, oa alfalfa hay and corn, gain ed 33 pounds In 100 days and paid a profit of $2.05 per lamb. Lot 2, on alfalfa hay and a grain ration ot three-fourths corn and one fourth oats, gained 32 pounds In 100 days, and gave a profit of $1.98 per lamb. Lot 3, on alfalfa hay and a grain retlon ot three-fourths corn and one fourth bran, made a gain ot 30 pounds each, and gave a profit of $1.90 per lamb. Lot 8 was fed In, an open yard with no shelter. It received alfalfa hay and a grain ration of three-fourths corn and one-fourth bran, making a gain of 34 pounds per head in 100 days and gave a profit ot $1.94 per iamb. Lot 4 was fed on prairie hay and corn, maalng a gain of 19 pounds r.er head In 100 days and gave a profit of $1.43 per lamb. Lot 5 was fed on prairie hay and a grain ration ot corn with 16 per cei t linseed meal, making a gain of H pounds per head in 100 days and gave a profit of $1.50 per lamb. Lot 6 was fed prairie hay and a grain ration of three-fourths corn and one-fourth oats, making a gala of 19 pounds per head in 100 days and gave a profit of $1.32 per head. Lot 7 was ted prairie hay and a grain ration of three-fourths corn and one fourth oats, making a gain of 19 pounds In 100 days and gave a profit of $1.30 per lamb. Counting all losses and all expenses against the sheep fed. they made an average profit of $1.60 per lamb. The alfalfa hay fed lambs consumed 1.34 pounds of hay and 1 pound of grain each per day, against .88 pounds of hay and .89 pounds of grain consumed by the prairie bay fed Iamb. The al falfa hay fed lambs on different grain rations made 52 per cent greater gains than the lambs fed prairie hay and the same grain ration. The Iambs fed prairie hay and corn with 16 per cent oil meal made 26 per cent greater gains than lambs fed prairie hay and corn or prairie hay and corn with one fourth oats or bran. E. A Burnett. Nebraska Experiment Station. hiiMp I te m: Wyomii to feed cc range in cheap ins of food. re decided Its on the ering it a for want In South America the breeding of mutton sheep has increased until now about 70 per cent of the cLp that form erly was all Merino is all English or cross-bred wool. a a Sheep breeders who migrate from Wisconsin with their flocks to South Dakota, state that sheep do astonish ingly well there, and that the number and site of Socks is Increasing. it is said that buying sheep by weight is becoming popular with Western stockmen. That is the way they are sold, and when purchased on that basis the feeder knows Just what he is get ting. the Oregon Railway and Navigation company, says that Oregon has this year the largest crop of lambs and of the best quality in the history of the state. There are probably 100,000 lambs that are for sale, though feed Is abundant and growers can afford to keep them If buyers stay away. a Western exchanges say that Utah will send large consignments of sheep to market this fall. The lambing sea son in that state is said to have been very profitable, the percentage run ning up to 90 in Utah county. Sheep men have been allowed to use the Uintah reservation grazing lands this year for the first time. a a a Tim Kinney, recognized as the sheep king of Wyoming, recently sold 90, 000 head of sheep and 86,000 head of lambs. Mr. Kinney Is the largest Indi vidual bolder of sheep In the country, and he increases bis herds year to year. The recent large sales are said to have been the result of shortage of feed on the range In this section, a a The American Wool Company ot Boston, Miss., familiarly known as the Wool Trust, has sent out a notice to all of its buying agents to look out for fleeces that have belonged to sheep dipped in preparations containing sul phur and lime. Fleece dipped in such dips are barred for the reason that the wool in them when scoured will not dc for any of the finer fabrics. Many of the Idaho sheepmen and companies are taking time by the fore lock and are securing all the land pos sible by purchase or lease, realising that the days of aheep ranging U coming to an end soon in that country. The Blackfoot Stock Company has al ready bought 15,000 acres and Is reach ing out for more, the entire space to be devoted to raising sheep. A recently published report by J. R. Dodge, special agent of the depart ment of agriculture, credits New Mex ico with possessing the largest num ber of sheep of any state or territory. Governor Otero estimstee last year's product of wool at over 18,000.000 pounds and declares that sheep hus bandry Is now the most profitable in dustry In the territory, and that flock masters are In better spirits than for many year. a a It is estimated that Larimer county. Colorado, lamb feeders will pay out about $$00,0Qp for lamb. The corn M be fed to them will cost nearly $200, 000. Add to these sums $250,000 for the hay they will eat, and some idea of the importance of the industry It gained. Otero county alone will teed over 100,000 lambs this winter. At Fowler, Manxanola. Ordway, La Junta and Rocky Ford extensive preparations ure being made for the feeding season and trainloads of lambs are coming In to the county. Five thousand head will be fed at Ordway, and twice that number at La Junta, while there are dosens of feeders who will feed from 500 to 2,000 head. About 40.000 head of these lambs have been shipped in from the San Luis valley, but the principal shipments are from New Mexico points. Dairy Nates. A dairyman aays that milk should never be taken to the factory or creamery In a springless wagon, as the result will be the churning of the milk and cream, which then becomes leas available for the making ot first class butter by the creamery butter maker. a a The aeration of milk is coming to be one of the essentials of good dairy lag. In many parts of the world It seems to have been demonstra'-d that milk properly aers'ed will give a better-flavored buttet product than will milk not so aerated. In Euror; and lb the most progressive dairy sections of this country the practice has be come popular. Recently a creamery board of trade passed a resolution to th effect that their creameries should In the future pay 5 cents per hundred pounds more for milk serated than un aerated. But while aeration la advis able, it must be done in the proper place and under proper conditions The place for aeration is not In the barn or In the barnyard or In the cel lar. It muat be In the pure air and where there are lo odors that will get Into and Injure the milk. Severec j Tests I People who are not Interested in a business wi.y in the subject of ship ping seldom know what is meant by the description of a ship as of "two thousand tons register," or why "tons register" is not the same as "displace ment, or why any register aaouM enter into the subject at all, or If It does, what "register." On the other hand, a good many people know that the register of all shipping is Lloyd's Register, and It Is vaguely understood that a merchant ship, no matter what flag it carries, is all the better for be ing rated "Al" at Lloyd's. There is a further question which most people are still more willing to leave in the vague, and that Is, How does Lloyd come to know so much about two thirds of all the merchant ships afloat that his guarantee of their sea-worthiness la accepted everywhere without question. Lloyd's Register of Merchant Ships Ik an institution which grew up in the middle of the last century In a Lon don coffee house, where merchants congregated to hear and to give news of their several maritime ventures. In course ot time it came to be accepted es safe to Intrust one's cargo to any ehip that was guaranteed on the reg ister kept at Lloyd's. But the degree of certainty in the knowledge, and with it the value of Lloyd's certificate, baa increased enormously since hulls began to be accurately measured by means of scientifically made apparatus. Lloyd or rather Lloyd's, for, of course, the famous register has long since become the property of a soul less corporation la omniscient on the subject of ships, and this omniscience is maintained by the employment not only of expert agents In all the great shipbuilding centers, but as equally expert agents at the great centers of On the island across the river from Oldtown, Me., the children of Maine's great forests, the Penobscot, hare their home. Among this tribe are the four handsomest young women in the world. They are Indian girls, dusky beauties of the forest, real Americans. One of the quartet has recently come Into more than usual prominence from the fact that the National Bank of Kansas City has Just paid her a con siderable sum of money for the priv ilege of having her picture engraved upon Its checks. She is the youngest ot the four and Is known in the Penob- FORMER WAGERS. Odd Stakea Klaked un Elections Held In tha Paat. Some queer election bets have been made in the past. When George Fran els Train, the eccentric, lived in Oma ha, some years ago. at the time when he was prominent In the building ot the Union Pacific railroad, it came to pass that an election was scheduled. Mr. Train thought he knew how the election was going, and to prove his courage made a wager that it his man was beaten he would wear a duck suit all the year round. Mr. Twain's guess was bad and he lost. He lived up to the letter of the bet. however, and for a whole winter one of those Omaha winters, too, in which the thermometer takes sudden and unexpected dips to far below zero, and blizzards come along over night and freeze everything that is not actually on fire he wore white duck. There were those who said he violated the spirit of the bet by wearing half a dozen suite of under clothing under his white duck. But Mr. Train could stand criticism better than he could stand an attack of pneu monia, and refused to abandon his warm underclothing. They tell another story of an election bet in the blizzard country. It is to the effect that in 1888 Ezeklel Tlmrock. of Hunnewell. Kan., made a bet in these terms: If Cleveland was defeated he would Join the church. T'mrock was a gentleman with a reputation as a tough and a bad man generally. He had long scorn ed religion and cursed religionists. So his bet- was a heavy one. Well, he lost. There were many who thought he would ba'k out and compromise by giving the winner a big farm or some thing of that kind. But he didn't. He made application for membership in the church. It so happened, however, that the deacons knew of the be, and his application was blackballed. Tlm rock thought this released him, but the man who held the other end of the wager insisted that he had not paid up. Tlmrock considered that he was insulted, sad promptly there was a shooting match. Both were equally quick on the trigger, and both wer equally good shots, and the result was the death 6 both parties. The coroner summoned a Jury, and when the in quest waa over a verdict holding the church responsRle because it rejected Tirarock'a application was returned. LOSES HIS BET, Sad Moat Hi la a Show Window ai a "lineal" tar a Weak. New Kensington (Penn.) special N. Journa aent men Ir men are A ion so Raught and Edward Albert, connected with the Pittsburg Reduction Company. Albert is a Re publican and Raught is as ardent ad Pour Handsomest Women " LLOYD'S AGENT IN THE STEEL MILLS. steel manufacture. Besides Its agents in New York and other great porta who have various kinds of work to do, Lloyd's keeps a special expert agent at Pittsburg, who haa nothing to do but test the steel turned out there for use In the building of merchant shlph. With the testing of armor plates or of any material intended for use in the construction of war vessels this par ticular expert jias no concern. The Lloyd' agent at Pittsburg has to be continually at the beck of a large num ber of mills, mostly at Homestead, a suburb of Pittsburg, on the opposite bank of the Monongahela river. When any mill has a sufficient number of tons of shipbuilding steel ready the agent is notified to come and make the test, without which the steel will not be accepted by the ahipbuilders. These tests are purely mechanical, not chemical. A piece is nipped off any beam, plate or what not, at any point and of whatever size the examiner may choose to indicate, and submitted to the double test for both tensile and bending strains. In common language, the steel is tested to see how much weight It will bear without pulling out like hot candy, and again with a view to the pressure necessary to make it bulge like an overpacked bandbox. These tests are applied by means ot accurately graded machines which the uninitiated might easily mistake for weighing machines, and which are supplied and kept In order by the mills, though always subject to the in spection and aproval of the Lloyd's man. Every separate piece tested by these means and found satisfactory is marked by the examiner and the mark entered by him in the Invoice which is to be forwarded to the Lloyd's agent at the port from which the material will be shipped. scot tribe as Nee Bana. or Northern Light. Among the whites she Is callerd Mary Ronco. Miss Ronco is well edu cated and would command attention anywhere. She Is an expert canoeist, and the vigorous exercise has devel oped her Into a strong and beautiful woman. She Is the goddess of the Pe nobscots and no monarch receives more respectful homage and devotion than this Indian maiden. Northern Light is a graceful dancer. At the ball which Is given every winter on the island she Is always one of the belles of the evening. ' mirer of William J. Bryan, and was confident of bis success. The bet mads by Raught and Albert, which Is now making Raught the laughing stock of New Kensington, was this: "If Bryau was elected Albert was to sit in the show window of a large clothing store for 12 hours a day for a week. It McKinley won Raught was to fulfill the same conditions." Raught being the loser, he Is now occupying one of the show windows each day from 8 a. m. to 8 p. m. He began to pay the novel wager on last Wednesday morn ing, and will wind It up this Wednes day. Raught appears each day in one of the clothing firm's latest offering in fall suits appropriately labeled.such as "Neat and Nobby, $12.60, marked down from $15.75," or "The Latest London Importation, was $17.80, now $14.35." Two of his meals dinner and supper are served to Raught in the window by the clothing firm. On Wednesday night, when he finishes his last day as a clothing store "dum my," Raught will pay for a dinner for Albert and six more of his Republican f i iend. Deatrnetlee Cotton Teat. The appropriation of $5,000 by the lr.st legislature in Texas for the spe cial purpose of Investigating the cot ton weevil with the view of adopting some measure for its eradication ha failed to accomplish anything. The weevil has had a rapid spread in part of the cotton belt of the state, and fig ures made public by those who hav Just completed an Investigation ot the devastated portion show that the total estimated loss of cotton yield on account of the weevil is 18,000 bales. A convention of cotton planters of Texas has been called to meet at Brenham, Nov. 24, to consider means of ridding the cotton sections of th pest. rarloaa Election Bat. Among the most curious election bets on record is one made by John P. Courtney, Democrat, and Harry Wal lace, Republican, two plumbers doing business in Minneapolis. The agree ment was that the loser must for life cast hi vote as the winner shall dic tate. Courtney, who was a candidate for alderman in the recent campaign, was of course the loser, and Is now engaged In earnest but so far unavail ing efforts to substitute some other penalty. Wallace is obdurate, and swears that Courtney must in future vote the Republican ticket. Hot-Had of Laproay. Leprosy originated in Asia, and it La still more prevalent there than In any other part of the globe. China is a hot-bed of leprosy; In Japan it pre vails extensively, while in India It La known that ther are at least 130,ooo leper.