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&HE STAHS IJST VECEM'BE'R.
(Cepyrist gaze upoi that ire Ion to ai of Novemb nifted. but f'W Constats in the Decembe bare not had Ire during the month heads, so to speak. "Queen Cassiopeia" J fry ifi: re f s e jA ARIES-" .-; . PlSCE, PE6AS '(WW nmProcyon A. .13 LOOKING SOUTH' leus" has elided Vuriga" with Its (The She-Goat) followed Perseus The Cross of to the west, beautiful "C and her "Ki up to the "Cygnus'' (The Swan) Is never more beautliul than during this month as It lies among the million stars that form the "Milky Way" "St. Jacob's Road," as the French peasants call it. Its largest star Deneb (Arabic for "Tall") Is of the second magnitude; the star at the opposite extteralty of the same arm of the cross is Alblreo of the third magnitude; it is said to mark the beak of the Swan. It is a double tar; Its larger component, a pale red, it smaller one, a beautiful blue. To the right of Cygnus, the curiously complicated shape of "Draco'1 (The Dragon) with Its six folds, forms first a small, lower square, then a triangle between Cygnus and the Little Dip per; Dually its neck and head end with the handsome Tbuban of the third magnitude, Just between the two Dippers'. As I stated before Tbu ban was 4.610 years ago the pole star; the change Is due to a small annual alteration in the position of the earth's axis, of which 1 may have to speak again. This month the Great Dipper, this A Royal Engagement. Prince Louis Napoleon and the Grand Duchess Helena of Russia are officially announced affianced husband and wife from St. Petersburg. Louis has been an officer In the Russian army for the past flftten years, and is now a general of cavalry. His com mand is the regimeat of the Czarina's Lmcers one of the favorite organi sations of the Muscovite army. His be trothed is the daughter Is the Grand Duke Vladimir, uncle of the ciar. She is one of the most eligible princess of all Europe. This alliance is bound to strengthen the cause of the Bona partist faction in France. Prince Louis Loilc -t Hard "Rote in Connecticut They have some queer, old-fashioned notions down In Connecticut. The other day a man named Lewis E. D'l ley, aged thirty-eight, announced to the citizeus of Hartland, a small town in the interior of the state, that he was about to marry Mrs. Gower, a widow sixty-lx years of age, by whom he has recently been employed us a faun oand. He had even secured a license, and she had made various preparations for the thrilling event. Then t..e neighbors began to get In terest c ! They held mass meetings and mad, speeches, and came to the general conclusion that Dilley was an Inglorious wretch a base deceiver who wanted the Widow Oower's mon ey, for it war known that besides her farm she had $1,000 in the bank. No man, they argued, would want to mar ry a wider, sixty-six years of age ex cept tor the gratification of mercenary motives. Hrvlng thus decided, they allied forth to cover Mr. Dilley with tar aad feathers. This they were un able to do cn account of Dilleys pow r as a sprinter, but one angry old man succeeded in tearing the mar riage license out of the lover's hand as he whined put, and the document was quickly rendered unfit for further favorite among Constellations, is somewhat higher above the horteoa; it used to be known also as "David's Chariot," or simply the "Great Char lot." The Egyptians called It the "Thigh of the Northern Sky" or the "Thigh of the Ox," and, to this day. the Arabs speak of It as "The Leg." In other countries it is ealled "The - xi'' A v CETUS u5 f AQUARIUS ERIDANUS r n Jackal," the leader of the "Celestial Dogs." Further west, the last stars of the Great Dipper, popularly known as the Pointers look straight toward the superb Castor and Pollux (second magnitude) of the Zodiacal Constel lation "Gemini" (The Twins). Just below Pollux, shines feebly the in significant stars constituting the Zo diacal Constellation "Cancer" ( The Crab). A pretty aggregation of minor stars, a "nebula" called "Pro esepe" has its home within the domain of Cancer. With Vega, the flrst mag nitude star of "Lyra" (The Lyre) to ward the west and close to the Milky Way, this aspect of the sky Is com pleted. Now let us turn about, and begin looking southward. Above our beads shines the other half of "Perseus;" under it, in succes sion, the two Zodiacal Constellations "Aries" (Ttie Ram) and "Pisces" (The Fishes), the splendid cluster of the "Pleiades" to the left of Pieces. Just underneath, behold the star "a" of "Cetus" (The Whale), in the Jaw of the beast; it Is called Menkar and is only of the third magnitude; "Mlra Coell" (The Marvel of the Heaven) belongs to the same Cetus; I told you last month, all about its strange va garies; I will add that it takes this star u the much beloved of the reactionar ies. He is respected far more than either his brother, Prince Victor, who was disinherited by his father, Jerome Aepoleon, or Prince Louis of Orleans, the royalist pretender. Louis Napo leon is soldier, a strong man, watch ful cf his opportunities, purposeful and ambitious. He Is a stranger to France, unlike his brother Victor, the natvral heir to the Imperial throne, he has been "preparing himself for war" with France always In view. Little hast been heard of him since he enter ed the Russian military service almost as i lau. use. Dilley, safe in an adjoining coun ty, la now threatening legal proceed ings, and the w'dow is sighing alone and waiting. The case teaches a les son that is very plain. Dilley should have had the foresight to pose as an Impecunious dude or a hare-brained count, and the old woman should have disgulseo herself as the daughter of some railroad king. If they had done that no man In Connecticut or any wheie else would have dared to cut the wiie or pull out the plug or other wise break the circuit The people of Connecticut should be severely cen sured. If our beautiful, golden-haired young girls, scarcely past twenty-one and heiresses to millions, may make fools of themselves and by so doing reach lofty serial stations, why shall our 66-year-old widows be rudely yanked oat of Love's young dream? Somewhere In this business a balance must be struck, and the earlier it is done the better will it be for all con cerned. The Prince of Wales has taken to writing verse. It Is said in London that a small volume containing a col lection of his works Is to be hand somely printed, but only for prh-ate circulation. 331 days to change from the second to the ninth magnitude and vice versa. Returning to the Zenith, we find "Andromeda" close to her rescuer "Perseus;" she has not yet found time to be ungrateful through these cen turies of model love-making. Un derneath, the faithful steed "Pegasus" displays its splendid square com pleted by star "a" of Andromeda, Alpheratz of the third magnitude. "Enlf," Its very last star toward the east, supposed to shine from the nostril of the Winged Horse, Is just above the Zodiacal Constellation "Aquarius" (The Water Bearer), a sort of double triangle, with its largest star, Sadal mellk, of the third magnitude. The west Is lighted up by some ad mirable examples df flrst and second magnitude stars. To the left of the Plei ades, and partly withiu the domain of the Zodiacal Constellation "Taurus," shines the superb Aldebaran; under It the splendid square of "Orion" with "Betelgeuse" (The Shoulder) to the west, and "Rigel" (The Foot) to the east The other corners of the square are marked, upwards by "Bellatrlx" (The Female Warrior), downward by "Mintaka" both of the second magni tude; there are three stars of the same dimension in a row within the enclosure; they are called "The Three Kings"; truly Orion is one of the most glorious sights in the heavens. Close to the horizou, another orb of the first magnitude adds to the splendor of this celestial region; It is Procyon, .'fit jji jjkSjr r$i&m j mjff-9 v'reat dipper ,Cancr I 'LOOKING of the Constellation "Canis Minor" (The Little Dog). Toward the mid dle of the horizon "Hridanus" (The River Eridan) displays Its zigzag shape, not unlike the course of its prototype, the Italian River Po. Until the 20th, "Mercury" lights the east, Just before sunrise; after that date It becomes Invisible. Before day break "Venus," now the morning star, shines splendidly in the eastern dl- A Great Mo)in$ jrmy feeded Can any one offer any valid objec tion to this proposition? Increase the army of the United States from its present size to 1,000,000 wen. Divide It Into departments lim ited to states and put each depart ment under a good general who under stands how to superintend the con struction of good roads. Then put every mother's son of the great army at work. Each state would bear its own part in the expense. In ten years time we would have a system of good Automobile Electricity has gained another vic tory over horse and Bteam power. The fire department of Paris Is now abol ishing horses from all the fire engine houses of the city and Is selling Its old fashioned steam Are engines to coun try towns. It Is a strange sight when the fre alarm sounds to see the pon derous doors of the engine houses fly open and from it emerge the modern electric fire engines manned by only two sappeurs. There r. none of the old stamping and dashing of fiery steeds, Impatient to rush down the crowded avenues to the scenes of conflagration. Here again, of course, is the spectacle of the loss of occupation to a lot of brave fellows. The stablekeepers and the grooms have been driven out. Instead there is a single engineer for each vehicle, whose sole occupation Is to keep his auto-eumnes In trim during the long leisure hours between fires and to AN AUTOMOBILE FIRE ENGINE. rection. During the later part of the night "Mara" sends forth Its ruddy glow. "Jupiter," owing to its near ness to the sun. Is not visible. "Bat urn" feebly lights the first hour of night-time, then vanishes from sight. This terminates our study of the firmament during the last month of the year 1900. C. de SAINT-GERMAIN. Stops a Water Monopoly. An irrigation company in Nebraska was sued by a farmer who proved that a canal dug by the company had de ci cased the flow of water at his place. The canal furnished water for irriga tion purposes. The trial court held that he should be granted an injunc tion forbidding the further appropria tion of water, and on appeal the su preme court sustained this view. The court held, according to an old law, that the proprietor of a river bank U entitled to have the stream flow through his land, undiminished in quantity and unimpalnred in quality. Economy in Good Hoad-t. The common road Is the connecting link between the farm, the home, the country school house and the church. The utility of good roads requires no exposition. Leaving the railroads out of the category of public roads for whlcu government is responsible to the people, one expert estimate states that 99 per cent of every load hauled by railroads must be carried In a wa- NORTH gon or truck over a highway. No more convincing proof is needed that building and maintaining highways is a question of a wise public policy. A letter from Theodore Parker, the famous Unitarian preacher and re former, to James Freeman Clarke, with marginal comments by the latter, was sold in Boston the other day for 175. roads that would last for the centuries. What is an army good for if it can't build good roads in time of peace. Those who offer great objections to a vast standing army could not And fault with a vast moving one of such a character. Ex. Senator Hoar of Massachusetts al ways prepares his speeches most care fully, and although he often appears ;o have no notes, yet what he says has generally been determined upon even to the slightest word at least a day in advance. Fire Engines. manipulate them when the fire alarm sounds. The engine and the hook and ladder hurry to the fires in inuch quicker time than the fastest horses could have gone. All the old dash of wind, almost uncontrollable horses, driven by a man who seems on the point of being dragged from bis seat; the con fusing sounding of gongs and bells and shouting of the sappeurs, cursing of drivers and street passengers, taken unawares all this is a thing of the past. Instead the trim electric fire en gine wends Its way with comparative ly little noise and consplculty through the crowded thoroughfares. All that warns of Its approach Is the constant ringing of a loud electric bell, which does not vary even when the passage Is obstructed. The police, however, are instructed to arrest the driver of any vehicle that does not at once re spond to the electric warning .Ol. 89 HANDLING DISEASE OIJtMK. Millions of ravaging disease germs are fostered and fed in the bacteriolo gical laboratory which is owned by the Boston board of health. There are all kinds of bacilli, from the bubonic plague specimen which has the power to extinguish a human life in the short period of a few day, to the dull, half dead mites that require years and years of frequent, even continuous, at tacks in order to deprive man of the pleasures of life. There are descend ants of germs who did their last deaxl'.)' work in some remote part of China or India, germs which have caused much sorrow in the very heart of this city, gnawed off the heaviest bonds ot friendship, and brought poverty Into families that were comfortable and In dependent Maybe there are microbes that have traveled the country over in futile quest of victims, or assailed the living as well as the dead on the mysterious bottom of the sea, because this great collection Is gathered at dif 'feTent times from mineral as well as .organic matter. It is an array that could produce an awful calamity were It set at liberty and given proper di rection toward that end. There are people in Boston who fear this army to such an extent that they actually lose sight of the effectiveness of the method whereby it is kept and cared for, and they even allow this unwar ranted fear to Interfere with business prospects, says the Boston Transcript Here is an example: The laboratory Is located in the Sudbury building on Sudbury street. Its quarters being somewhat unsatisfactory for the work, the board of health sought premises nearer the center of the city and final ly obtained an option on suitable rooms. Preparations were made for the removal of the laboratory to the new location, but at the last moment the owner of the building changed his mind in accordance with his ground lets fears, and the laboratory had to remain in the Sudbury building. Pos sibly it will be taken into the old court house after that structure has been renovated and enlarged. It may be useful, therefore, to look into the bacterial camp, the scientific prison of so many enemies of life and happiness. Death lurks In every cor ner like a feasting parasite, without hope and without desire to escape, ev erywhere watched by the bacteriolo gists, who handle It with calm and authority. Under the conditions there is absolutely nothing to fear, as the good health of the doctors and attend ants will attest. Every little group of germs kept in stock lies imprisoned in a glass tube, drenched in scrum or agar, which, while it feeds the microscopic organ ism, also prevents its escape even If the stopper were removed from the. mouth of the tube, and each tube is sealed with paraffin. No germs can rise from the media and sail tu the air. They rise only when they are dry, and they are never dry except when the bacteriologists dry them on a glass slide over a hot lire, which kills them. All the material which is used In the researches Is destroyed by Are as soon as the experiments are completed, excepting the glass recep tacles and instruments, which ran be cleansed by chemical solutions. Ani mals injected with the more danger ous germs are not kept in open iron cages during the incubation period; they are put Into glass bowls and excluded from all chances of coming Into contact with anything whloo might transfer the disease. Summing the story up In few word, the labor atory Is as safe to health as any office or dwelling house. KKKPH THE PKKT WARM. The illustration shows the combined carriage lamp and foot warmer r- CX)MBlNATION CARRIAGE LAMP cently patented, for use In cold weath er. The object of the inver ton is to provide simple and effective means by whlrh continuous warmth at little expense may be supplied to the feet of the occupant of the vehicle, and in which the arrangement Is such as to provide light whose rays may be di rected on the road la advance of the team This object la attained by mounting the lamp proper directly un derneath the body of the vehicle, with the oil reservoir located below and at the rear lamp Lcsding from the res ervoir to the lamp Is a curved tube roatalnlnc the feed wl k, and In line with the blase Is the glass bull's-eye, through whlrh the rays are emitted. Directly over the flame Is a vertical tube leading o a warming chamber 15 ew -o LT.V oiitainert Inside the body of the wagon and a passage for smoke Is formed by a continuation of the pipe. It can be readily understood that if the wick la Ignited and the feet arc placed over the warming chamber and covered with a robe they will be. perfectly comfortable themselves and also aid greatly in the circulation of blood through other portions of the body. CANADIAN SEKIHNO DEVICE. The sowing of grass and other fine grain evenly is a difficult task when attempted by hand and most of the patent seeders offered for sale are too costly for the average farmer to in vest In, especially when it is taken into consideration that the seeder will only be used once or twice a year. With the idea of providing a cheap and Bimplo apparatus, which will sow the seed rapidly and evenly, a Canadian In ventor has designed the apparatus illustrated above, It consists of cloth sack suspended from the shoulder and provided at Its single lower corn Vt with a funnel leading into the distri buting tube. The funnel has an fn ternal gate to limit the amount of graln passing through. In the outer end of the tube Is arranged a series of deflecting fingers, which aid materi ally In the distribution of the grain, which is accomplished by swinging the tube from side to side while beld In a slanting position, the grain falling GRAIN-SOWING APPAfl toward the outlet as long as held downward and the gate Owing to the length of the area covered at each swing it ably greater than could be hand. id is MuwIm and Hum. In one of his recent lectun Clark University, Prof. Angelo of Turin averred that "Physical ration and gymnastics serve not for the development of the miii but for that of the brain as well. Is becoming evident, he said, tha much time should be devoted to rular exercise as to Intellectual else, and children should begin Ing and writing only after they nine years old. Muscular fatigue htblts phenomena Identical wltl tcllectual fatigue. Nerve cells on the average every ten CO tendency to rest. It Is probable only part of the brain Is active s time; the various parts relieve other. The more mobile any anl extremetles are, the more Intell! other things being equal, he Is oial s gent, China' Vm rM,l. China contains some of the richest coal deposits In the world. lASt fall ' Professor Drake of Tientsin visited the , coal fields in the province, of Shansl. I whlrh were examined by Baron von Richthofen In 1870. and found tost j they are of Immense extent The coal ' area Is said to be greater than that of Pennsylvania, and the rnthraclte coal alone contained In these fields has Nen estimated at S3O,OOO.0OO tons. The Shansl He st) itnlforn lion that the KUKRl'Sled of 1 beds are so thick and ly In horizontal posl prartlrablllty has been running long lines of innela through the beds so irs can be loaded 1n th rea ly for distant trnpor- mines all tation. To l-rl th firral Rvdssmtv It was reported at the recent meet ing of the American Association fo the Advancement of Science that the redwood forests of the Pacific coast are now practically all In the hands of private owners who bold them for lumbering purposes. Since the red wood rivals the gigantic sequoia In slxe and taUrest. It Is deemed a mat ter of sciectlie importance that It should be preserved, and the aaaocla tlon approved the action of its botarrt cal section In favoring the purchase, and preservation of a public park In, the Santa Cms mountains covering moie than 26.000 acres, and occupied largely by tbe primeval redwood for es. In studying the variations In ' re light of certain stars in the clnsi -known as "Messier I." Professor Bi ay has found one star whose ehsnr are so rapid that in thirty minutes gslns'more than an entire -aagnltude In other words become swore msi two and a half times aa bright as 1 waa at the beginning Several other' vary with a rapidity almost eo.ua' ftartttng Their entire period of vn ability from one maximum to the net Is about half a day. but they gain ligh much quicker than they lose It I teems impossible to regard wch iUn aa tune la the sense of our sun. lATl a.