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FAMOUS STATU r.
A n: 3 SLLilUniiiUy lU.iii L. 1 t c r j iaihul Ui UiL nl..UiM ' ft'' - t ' v L i ! J f - CjJ Inscrtpt! 'eid, Conn. TO F.EFPO! ?,!.PRS THAT TCLL THE VARIOUS GRADES I.'"! NAVY. time Devices Designed by Marthc Washington and Other Cclonial Da met History Written Into Gold P.raid. P.o.ton. Thpre are very few men irho can distinguish an admiral from lieutenant by the vniforms they wear. There is probably not a single aaval demonstration where nine offi cers out of ten are not confounded by the Majority of the spectators. The same principles underlie the pavy insignia as are present in those of the array. There is a picturesque story of the way thee came into be ing. The choosing of the marks of rank In the army and navy, the story runs, was left after the revolution to some of the leading ladies of the coun try. If legend is to be believed Mar tha Washington is responsible for some of the devices. The whole world was drawn upon by the resourceful colonial dames for suggestions. The heavenly bodies were appropriately called upon to contribute devices for the highest ranks. From theni came the stars, most coveted by men in the army and navy. Descending to earth the eagle was availed of as most appropriate after the stars, because of its courage and lofty flight For lesser ranks, ail most honorable and awful notwithstanding, the leaves and fruit of the oak tree, ADMIRAL COMMANDER 00 HHQ LIEUTENANT 0 JUNIOR LIEUTENANT. Insignia That Tell Various Grades in Navy. noble In proportions and emblematic of strength, were chosen. The anchor, being distinctive of the navy, was used to indicate it especially. In all the insignia silver is chosen to rank above the gold, because It usually lies near the surface, and so nearer the heavens. Anyone versed In the marks ?f rank in the navy can tell at a glance not only the relative importance of the individual among iiis fellows, but not infrequently what especial work is as signed to them. "There comes an admiral," says the friendly tar who has ventured to guide you through the navy yard. For the life of you, what makes him an ad miral at a glance you cannot tell. From the dignity of his bearing he might be of any exalted rank. His distinsuiahing mark on the collar Is four silver stars with a gold fouled anchor under each of the outer ones. If he were a rear admiral he would wear two silver stars with a silver fouled anchor between them. The signs of rank are worn on the collar except in full dress, when they appear on the shoulder strap. The captain who meets one on board the ship has no stars on his collar, but a silver spread eagle in the center with a silver fouled anchor on either side. The officer who wears t silver oak leaf oa eittyr side of a silver fouled anchor is & commander. The same device in gold indicates a lieutenant commander. Lieutenants ire shown by two silver bars on either side of a silver foulod anchor. If they are of the junior grade they wear one tar Instead of two. Ensigns wear i only the silver fouled anchor. All the j above officers are commissioned offl cers of the line. There are in addition aboard a ship the commissioned corps officers, the warrant officers and the petty officers. The same devices that the line of ficers wear are also worn by the corps cfBcers on their epaulets on the cen ter of their shoulder straps, but the latter wear in addition certain devices to denote their corps department. Of ficers f the medical corps wear a spread cak leaf in gold, with a silver acorn on it. Officers of the pay corps Lave a silver oak spray. If a silver eagle la combined with these devices it Indicates respectively, medical di rector and pay director. The engineer corps has been made one with the line officers so that they no longer have any corps device. Some of the devices of the petty of fleers are not very intelligible at first ight, and a single device does service to identify several. REAR ADMIRAL CAPTAIN Ir-.d The d-v.-h of Rev. R. II. D.ivi. fcaa ief: ib,. Chelsea O'.d ChurvU i -Anil !'!(. Now joiw eai h;s young cu-a:e nil! be sought whose eloquence will attract congregations to this almost deserted place of wor- For 53 years Mr. Davles preached in a littie sanctuary, at first to con gregation as large as the place would hold, then, as the glories of Chelsea departed and the old families dii or went to more fashionable precincts, to a mere handful of people. The Old Church it has been known thus for centuries seldom shows any signs of life except when there are services. It was in this church that Charles Kingsiey worshiped, and he and Mr. Davies were close friends. So dearly did Mr. Davles love the old place that Xavier Mission Near Tucson, Arizona. he would not allow plaster or white wash to touch its walls, and the re pairs made during his time were only those absolutely necessary to keep it from destruction. Ia the nave of the church are kept the chained books. They were once fastened to a desk, but have now been placed on a high shelf with their an cient chains still clinging to them. The books comprise a "Vinegar Bible," Fox's "Book of Martyrs" and a desk prayer book. The Old Church has seen some mag nificent ceremonies, notably the funeral of Lord Bray. It was here, too, that Henry VIII. came in state the day after Anne Boleyn's execution to wed Jane Seymour. NEW SENATOR FROM KENTUCKY. Ex-Gov. Bradley Elected, Long Deadlock. Breaking Frankfort, Ky. Former Got. Wil liam O'Connell Bradley, Republican, was recently elected United States senator to serve six years from March 4, 1909, when the term of James B. McCreary will expire. The final ballot was the twenty ninth taken in an effort to break the deadlock which developed on January 15 between the Beckham and Bradley forces. Bradley's election was accom plished by a number of Democrats go ing over to him. Senator-elect Bradley is a native Kentuckian. He was born in 1847 near Lancaster, and has long made his home In Louisville. He has been a power In Republican politics In Ken tucky since 1865 when, though he was only 18 years old, he was admitted to the practice of law by a special act of the state legislature. He at once allied himself with the party of Lin coln and won honors from his follows, He is the only Republican who was ever elected governor of Kentucky, In 1896 he was indorsed by his state for the presidential nomination, but his claims were not pushed before the convention. In 1895 Mr. Bradley was elected governor of Kentucky, and served one term. The new senator is a civil war veteran, having run away from home In 1862 to Join the union army. Makeup of French Families. The number of French families, that Is to say households with or without children, is estimated at 11.315,000. Of this total 1,804,720 families have no children, 2,960,171 have one child. 2,661,978 have two children, 1,643,425 have three, 987,392 have four, 566,768 have five, 327.241 have six, 182,998 have seven, 94,7?9 have eight, 44,728 have nine, 20,639 have ten, 8,305 have eleven, 3,508 have twelve, 1,437 have thirteen, 654 have fourteen, 249 have fifteen, 79 have sixteen, 34 have seven teen and finally 45 families have elgh- j teen or more. Republlsui? Fraacaiss. NEW TALE CF DUAL LIFE CF ROCKEFELLER FERE. Chicago, wot Dr. William Levlna- ton for Twelve Yearm, Say Man Admitted He Wai Parent of Famous John D. New York Many additional facts about the dual life led by Dr. William Avery Rockefeller, father of John D. Rockefeller, are supplied by Dr. Charles H. Johnston, his assistant and business partner for 12 years. . Ia those years Dr. Rockefeller went under the name of Dr. William Lev ingston, but to his partner. Dr. John ston, so the latter declares, he re vealed the secret of his lifethat he was Rockefeller and that John D. Rockefeller was his son. Dr. Johnston Is president of the Col lege of Medicine and Surgery ia Chi cago. He explains: "It was In lS74,that I paid him $1,000 and became his student and as sistant. He was living then In Free port, II!,. as Dr. Wlllla-n Levingston. and he never posed under any other name thereafter. His wife, Mrs. Mar garet Allen Levingston, living yet In Ftceport. was one of the sweetest women I ever knew. I did not know until years afterward that he had two wives, one the mother of John D. Rockefeller. She lives in Cleve land, O. "Dr. Levingston and I traveled over all the west, through. Illinois, Wiscon sin, Minnesota, the Dakotas. Iowa, Ne braska and Kansas. It is not true that he sold medicines In the street. He had a fine team of horses, the best that money could buy, and a fine car riage in which we drove from town to town. He would have a string of eight or ten towns at once. He would drive into a town, scatter handbills, la which the great Dr. Levingston as serted that he could cure all diseases, and we would have a suite of rooms at the best hotel, and to the doctor there would come the sick and the halt and the lame. In all cases of com mon ailments he could detect the causa almost at, a glance. "He made a great deal of money. He often took In $200 in a day, and if he took only $100 be thought it a poor day's business. "I knew from the first that there was some deep mystery in his life, but U was several years before I suspect ed that he was Rockefeller, and it was several years more before he ac knowledged to me that his name was 1. 'in V; WW:!? W - " DR. W. LEVNG3 TON William A. Rockefeller and that John D. Rockefeller was his son. "In all the years I was with him the old man went twlcesa year to Cleve land and stayed a week or two. He told mo he went there to look after his money invested with John D. Rockefeller, and he would tell me wonderful stories of John D.'s shrewd ness and great wealth." Dr. Johnston showed several letters, postmarked Cleveland, O., and signed William Levingston, M. D. "I first learned positively that Dr. Levingston was Dr. Rockefeller when he was injured on a ranch in North Dakota and thought he was going to die. He and I went to North Dakota together in 1S81, and took up adjoin ing homestead claims where the town of Park River is. We were building a shed for a cattle shelter and In lift ing a heavy log he strained himself. He was an old man then, and h5 thought he had ruptured an Intestine. The pain was great and he thought he tva3 dying. I asked him If I should send for his wife, Mrs. Levingston, if he should die, and he said: "No; noti fy John D. Rockefeller, but be very careful and let no one else know It. "When he got well I told him I knew he was John D. Rockefeller's father. At first he denied It and then he said It was true. He told me that the reason he kept it secret was that he found it necessary in his younger days to assume a name because he was practicing medicine without li cense. He might be arrested any time and he did not wish to disgrace the name of Rockefeller because of his children. He stuck to the name later, he said, because It was then too late honorably to take his right name." Punishment for Luxemburg Trampa. The Luxemburg government Is treat ing incorrigible vagabonds to bread and water for the first four days of their imprisonment, and to the lowe.s. scale of ordinary diet tw'ce a week afterward. The prisons are s&id to be emptying fast. Postnn. It Is no uncommon occur rence for persons to mark the burial places of their pet dogs and favorite cats with monuments, but the town of Plainfleld, Conn., has the somewhat peculiar honor of being the only place so far as known where a monument is to be aeen in a cemetery telling the virtues of a favorite cow. The man who waj responsible for this curious burial shaft was Gurdon Cady, who was widely known 50 years ago throughout cen..-al Connecticut. The monument is pointed out to visitors as one of the sights la Ever f fE cczn wo..' lmfpw. Gurdon Cady's Monument green cemetery, In Plainfleld. On on side of the shaft are these words: "Rosa, my first Jersey cow. Record 2 lbs. 15 ox. butter from 13 quarts, 1 day milk." On the opposite side Is this inscrip tion: "All ready, Mr. Cady At rest," with a violin and bow carved between the words. The man whose body lies beneath this somewhat unsual tombstone was widely known as a prompter and mu sician. His reputation as a fiddler as sured the success of any dance for which he was engaged. He had a large frame, and was as big-hearted as he was big corporeally. He was ac customed to sing while he played, and chanted old-fashioned square dances In perfect tune. Besides his love for music, Mr. Cady took much interest In his cows, of which he had a fine herd of jerseys. Then the jersey cow was not so well known as now. Mr. Cady used to take his herd to all the cattle shows in his vicinity, and won a large collection of blue ribbons. Before he died he made arrange ments to have his favorite cow and his beloved violin carved on his tomb stone. ALL IN THEIR OWN HAND3. On Reason for Success of Gilbert ana Sullivan Operas. At a complimentary dinner given to Sir William S. Gilbert at the Savoy hotel, London, the guest, In responding to the toast of his health, described himself as "an Idle singer of an empty day," and made a striking referencs to his copartnership with Sir A. Sulli van: "During our regime at the Savoy my distinguished coworker and myself Invariably exercised the most absolute and undisputed control over the pro duction of our pieces. By arrangement with our excellent Impresario, D'Oyley Carte, we selected our own cast; we directed our rehearsals In every de tail. JVe superintended the modeling cf the scenery, the deslgulug of the dresses. Our company was always admirably In hand, the best possible feeilng existed between them and our selves, .and, speaking for my sharB of the result, I can truthfully say that the Impression conveyed to the au dience was almost Invariably a reflex of my conception. To few authors In deed has such absolute control been accorded, and it Is to that absolute control that I attribute a large meas urre of the success that those pieces achieved on their original production. ' That Fishing Feeling. "I've got the fishing feeling so bad," he said, "that I just must throw down everything and take a two weeks trip to Florida. I'll pack my grip right now!" "John," wild his wife, "come here." She openid a closet A gallon Jutf stood b"fon) him. "Therel" she said. "Cut out the Florida trip. It's too expensive." "Maria," he said, "you're a won, der." Atlai ta Constitution, ALLISON CELEBRATES SEVENTY NINTH BIRTHDAY. Colleagues in Congress Units In Ex tending Congratulations Was Once Very Near Republican Nomination for Presidency. Washington. Senator William Boyd Allison of Iowa recently celebrated his seventy-ninth birthday, and his col leagues, both Republicans and Demo crats, united in extending their con gratulations, for few members are mere popular than the aged lowan. Senator Allison has broken all pre vious records for length of service and attained a maximum degree of per sonal Influence and unusual domina tion of public affairs. He is the leader of he senate of the United States, with all that this leadership means In power and ability to create and con trol legislation. It is said, and prob ably with truth, that there Is more of Senator Allison's Influence and char acter written into the statute bocks to-day than of either President Roose velt or Speaker Cannon, both of whom are considered to have contributed an unusual share to the lawmaking of the present generation. Senator Allison's personal history, briefly told, Is that he was born in Perry, O.. on March 2. 1829, and after attending Western Reserve college studied law and practised In Ohio un til 1857, when he removed to Iowa His entry Into national politics came V. v.. 1 i. jr.-, -''f,n V: Senator W. B. Allison. with his election to the Thirty-eighth congress. On occasions Senator Allison has been very near to the nomination of his party for the presidency, some be lieve much nearer than Thomas B. Reed, Roscoe Conkling, or even John Sherman. He would have undoubtedly made a good president, the equal of many and the superior of some, had the fortune of politics turned his way. During the progress of financial legislation in the present coneress he has been often consulted and, as the ranking member of the senate com mittee on finance, has taken a quiet and unostentatious but conservative and helpful part in the framing of legislation which will relieve the coun try from the conditions which resulted in the panic of 1907. Senator Allison Is the author of the Internal revenue law of 1SG8, the es sential features of which are s'ill in force. Prior to its passage the tax on distilled spirits was two dollars a gal lon and the revenue therefrom about $14,000,000, while during the first year following the passage of the Allison act the tax, while reduced to 75 cents, amounted, through the elimination of frauds and Its proper collection, to $36,000,000. He was chairman of a special com mittee which spent the summer of 1S74 investigating the government of the District of Columbia. The bill drawn by him as a result of this work repealed existing laws and created the present form of government, with three commissioners app-vinted y th president Early la 1877 a bill was passed by the house of representatives for the free and unlimited coinage of sliver. There was great clamor for the enact ment of the measure in the senate. The bill wa3 referred to the senate committee on finance and, being aware that If the senate was called upon to divide on the question of free coinage It would follow the popular agitation, Senator Allison proposed the preservation of the gold standard but at the same time made provision for a limited coinage of silver on gov ernment account. Senator Allison has all his life been a student of tariff problems. He had a considerable part In the framing of the McKinley bill of 1830, and served on the sub committee which prepared the revision cf 1893. He bad charge of the minority report on the Wilson bill In 1894, and was also a member of the subcommittee which consid ered the Dingley act in 1837, also tak ing chargo of the bill on the sena'.e floor. t J i Replica of Houdaun's Washington VV, Ee Placed in National Capitol. Richmond, Va. The Virginia l'-r-'U-lature has just appropriated )iih.j for the purpose of making a replica of the Houdoun statue of Washington, now in the rotunda of the kiate cep itol, in this city, to be presented, along with a statue of Gen. Robert K. U-e, to the national statuary hall, in the capitol of the United States, at Washington. Both statues are, to occupy space In the niche reserved for Virginia. The work Is to be either a replica or a modified copy, but the state does not obligate ltseif to take the risk of having a cast made of the A V'' i j i i ! r Q ( f ' III Houdoun Statue of Washington. Houdoun Btatue. If such a step shall be found to jeopardize the beauty or safety of the precious bit of marble, a modiflod copy of the work will be made. Evperts will be requested to make a careful examination of the fig ure and make a report on what is best to be done. The Houdoun statue Is said to be the finest piece of art work In the United States. It Is supposed to rep resent the exact lineaments and fea tures of the greatest, of all Virginians and Americans. It Is said by experts to be a better likeness of Gen. Wash ington than any photograph. The statue Is one of the principal attras tions of Richmond. The statue stands alone, surrounded by an Iron balus trade. Every care Is taken to pre serve It intact from the ravages of time, it could not possibly be re placed should any accident happen to iL Only once has !t been taken from its place In all tne years that it has stood there. Two years ago certain artists, working under bond, were em powered to take the statue down and clean it. This was the first time that the Father of His Country had had his face washed in an hundred years. The statue was then cleaned and ren ovated and replaced Intact. It will now stand for another hundred years. WU.L SOME DAY RULE MEXICO. Ramon Corral Natural Heir to Presi dency of Republic. New York. Ramon Corral is th natural heir to the presidency of the Mexican republic. Prejid"nt Diar, though nominally elected president by a free people, Is in fact a dictator and could name any successor when he de cides to retire to private life. Corral, who stands In his favor, Is the view president of the republic and, barring accidents, will succeed him some day. Constructing the Mecca Railroad. The Mecca railroad Is being con structed rapidly, solidly and method ically. Foreigners are employed In positions of leadership and manage ment. By Imperial orders it Is now proposed to complete the line from Medina to Mecca, a distance of 280 miles, before the next pilgrimage (1. e., in about a year), also to con struct a railroad from Mecca to Mount Arafat, a distance of 11 miles. Mount. Arafat and the religious ceremonies annually conducted there, during each, pilgrimage, possess such an Impor tance in the eyes of the pilgrims that they all endeavor to rch that moun tain of sacrifice. Last year the num ber of Mecca pilgrlnu was officially estimated at 280,000. Consular Retorts, if :'' '