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me The Patron of Husbandry. V. II. WORTIIINGTON, Editor. COLUMBUS. MISS., DEC. 20, 1S79. MISSISSIPPI STATE GRANGE. The following is a list ,of the member of the State Grange, which .convened at Forest, Dec. 9, 1879: ' . OFFICERS." Master Put. Darden, of Jefferson county, Overseer V. II. M. Durham, of Holmes. Lecturer B. B. Boone, of Alcorn. . Steward J. B. Bai'.ev, of Newton. Chaplain D. B. Hill, of Clav. Treasurer II. O. Dixon, of Hinds. Secretary V. L. William';, of Alcorn.. Gate Keeper B. C. Callaway, of Pontotoc. Cere? Mrs. M. L. Darden, of Jefferson. Pomona Mrs. F. Q. Willis, of Monroe. Flora Mrs. L. L Robertson, of Scott. L. A. S. Mrs. II. A. Aby, of Claiborne. DELEGATES. - Alcorn county B. B. Boone, W. L,. Williams. Clay I). 13. Hill. Choctaw J. R. Bovd. . Claiborne W. II. Ker. Coahoma J. A. Peace. . . . . DeSoto W. S. Weisinger.' ' Franklin G.M.Cain. Hinds L. F. Alford, Will. J. Crisler. Holmes Baxter Wilson. . lefferson W. L. Harper, Mig. A. E. Harper. Lauderdale J. G. McArthur, Mrs. M. E. Mc- Arthur. ; Leake M . I.'.e, Mrs. M. Lyle. Lincoln S. J. Hodges." -" Lowndes . A. Neilson. W. H. Worthington. M mroe Mrs. K. Q,. Willis. Newton I. B. Bailev. I. L. liar Jv. Mrs. T. 13. flailey. Noxubee T' F. McLeod. Oktibbeha V,'. II. Ellett. Pontotoc C. B. Calloway. Rankin T. N. Norrell. Scott W. T. Robertson, Mrs. L.J. Robertson. Union V. A: Funk. Warren L. Wailes. t Wilkinson D. L. Phares. ' ' Winston M. J. McLean. r " The action of the Mississippi State prange in directing Worthy Master Dar ken to devote the cominsr year to active vork, visitinsr the Subordinate Granges nd addressing the farmers throughout he State, will be gratifying to all the ear- rest, workinsr members. -We regard this ? 5 one of the wisest measures adopted by he State Grange to revive the Order in .Mississippi. Worthy Master Darden, by Iiis strong, earnest and eloquent appeals, fwill draw the farmers to the Grange by jthoHsands. We hope to see a general re sponse from the Granges of the State en dorslng this action of the State Grange. I The election of Worthy Steward Bailey Xo fill the vacancy in the Executive Com- nittee by the Mississippi State Grange, vas a deserved compliment to one of the puest, most earnest and efficient Patrons ?ti the State. A better selection could not piave been made. Our State Executive Committee is now composed of the very l'est matprJTl liro. T. J. Carver, Manager of the Southwestern Co-operative Association t New Orleans, attended the recent ses sion of the Mississippi State Grange,' and - - - - ' v. .iv ii ucuv w l tvi auu 1 voo vaa s operation and explained the system upon which the Southwestern Co-operative Association is conducted. His .explana tion of the Drinciples ' and practice of the Rochdale co-operative system was decidedly the clearest we ever heard, and produced a marked effect upon the mem? kers. Brother Carver Is a gentleman of rst-class ability, thoroughly informed in husmess affairs, a clear, forcible speaker, earnest, energetic and reliable. His man- a"fmint f 4.1. ia-.. --..i-- a : 4-: o "i me anairs 01 ine xssuv.iouu Has been mnrtor? V.;.Viocf nrAer nf capacity, and has given complete satisfac tion to the officers, stockholders and pa' irons, and must eventually become the central house for Co-operative Associa tl(ins in the Southwestern States.- v e shall endeavor to lay before our our readers in full the admirable address f Hrother Carver. : I I he newspaper correspondents of New j i ork and other cities are already writing the new National Agricultural Asso jciation. That organization, which bodes tn good to the Grange, will be strongly supported by the political, and agricultu rai press of .the country. The farmers t lould rally to the Grange. - V-r vl? w' '1 lilt II 1 1 II I iMiff - - 'Lfl vsS&f 4s w in": !r-'.' f. ' KUnasH ... -; &, i! Official -Journal." of . tHeiState Granges It was the boast of such leaders as Wor thy Masters Darden, of Mississippi, and Eshbaugh, of Missouri, at the recent ses sion of the National Grange that? there had been no failures of co-operativejstores that were established and conducted on the Rochdale plan. nj,J. :'"V - The proceedings - of : the Mississippi State, Grange will beysent. to ' us in time for onr next issue. " We vyill also pub lish the proceedings of . the Georgia ,,and Florida State Granges as soon as received. vThe Texas State Grange will meet at Austin, on the second Tuesday of January next. '. We expect to publisn the proceed ings m full. The interest which the Clement Attach ment is exciting among' the farmers of North and South Carpliria, .Georgia ; and Alabama, is simply wonderful.-, ,They are becoming thoroughly aroused to the im portance of the "new process" system, and hundreds are daily visiting the little fac tories in North and South Caiolina. And the capitalists and manufacturers of. the North are waking up to the impending revolution in the cotton manufacturing system of the country, and are sending their agenfsdowvn to investigate the little wonder. The next thing will be, these capitalists and manufacturers will get con trol of the patent, and leave our plodding farmers in a worse condition than ever. But the farmers, if they will act in time, can easily organize co-operative associa tions, concentrate their capital, and secure complete control of this 'great industry which is destined very soon to be the lead ing and most profitable industry, in the South., -j'r ' ' ' ' ' ' The Granges and farmers of the differ ent counties in this and the other Cotton States should combine and purchase the county rights to the Clement Attachment. They will save many thousands of dollars by prompt action. Let the capitalists of the North get control of it, and it will cost the farmers a great , deal more .than the sewing machine monopolies did. .. .... There will be a tremendous effort made to put the people, the Democratic party, completely , under the feet of the National Bankers. . This movement will be led by such politicians as' -Bayard, Lamar,' and Hampton and supported by such journals as the New York World and Louisville Courier-Journal. But it .will fail. The people will never support a policy or a set of politicians that will put them, bound hand and foot, at the mercy of the Money Power. The bill offered by Senator Bay ard to destroy the greenback, will be met by a storm of popular indignation. ' - We would suggest to Patrons and far mers who desire to take a Northern polit titical journal, to subscribe for the Union, published at . New Haven, Connecticut. That journal is" published weekly at the low price of one dollar.' It is the determ ined foe of the - Radical party .and the money power, and an able, fearless cham pion of . the down-trodden people of all sections. We regard the "Union" as. the best weekly published in the North. In this connection we would urge the Southern people to have nothing to do 1 with' the: New York World, which, we regret to say, is getting: a very large cir culation in our section. .That paper , is a tool of the Money,Power, and must nec essarily wield immense power over the minds of the farmers that read it.: It is the reading of such papers, as the World that will reconcile' the working classes to ignorance and serfdom. The largest crops .of wheat and corn ever raised in the .united States have been harvested this year, .The wheat Crop, of this year exceeds that of last by 26300,000 of bushels; the corn crop Is greater by 3oo.oob.ooo of VushelsT - Prices are high, and farmers to'a great extent will reap the benefit of the high prices; J 11 " - ;'""'i'J-M If everv person would be half as good as he expects his neighbor to be, what a heaven this world woufd be. COLUMBUS, MISSISSIPPI, DECEMBER 20, 1879. FARMERS, SPEAK OUT! A petition is circulating in New .York and other Eastern States, which the lead ing bankers, merchants, railroad mag nates, and politicians are signing, in favor of the, passage of Bayard's Bill depriving the Greenbacks of their legal tender func tion. nil . If this bill becomes a law'i it will be in the power of the National Banks to drive the greenbacks from circulation and force their redemption at any time. They have only to refuse to take them on deposit to take them in and pay them Out. When greenbacks shall be no longer bankable, they will cease to pay debts or, to make purchases. Being redeemable only at the ...... - - ' - ..... J . sub-treasury at. New York, and that only in sums of fifty dollars and upwards, they will fall below par throughout the coun try, and especially in ' the1 rural districts. They . will be bought up by; the money changers at a discount. : The loss will fall on the farmers, the workingmeii, the pro fessional meni and the retail dealers. ' As fast as the greenbacks pass into the greedy maw of the bond-bank ring of the East, they will be presented for ' redemp tion and cancellation. When the present specie reserve in. the Fedenlt treasury ia exhausted, the General Government will - ! be torced to borrow over two nunnrecl millions of dollars or to levy a speedy tax for that amount,' wherewith to redeem the greenbacks, and preserve its credit. The tax ' will fall, for the most , part, on the same parties who, bear the loss by the dis count on the greenbacks. - Farmers of America! This is the en tertainment prepared for you by your wrould-be masters in the financial centres. Are you ready to submit to it? If not, let a petition from eyery neighborhood go up to Congress by the time it convenes again, against the passage of the Bayard Bill. Let your Senators and Representa tives know that if they 3 vote for this bill, their seats shall be made too hot to hold them,' and the places which, know them now shall know .themjno more forever. Worthy Master Darden, of Mississippi State Grange, and a representative in the National Grange, : says that the ; reports from nearly all the States are of the most cheering character, and that the almost unanimous: testimony of the delegates in attendance' shows the Grange to be on a permanent basis and increasing in strength and .usefulness. . He further says: "The evidence before us lis that the Grange is not dead, or even sleeping,- but that it is a livivg, working institution."' Such glad tidings from a live Patron, as Put. Darden proves himself to be, should reassure our friends everywhere. JFartners Friend. -L . General Malone will be the successor of Mr. Withers from Virginia in the Uni ted States Senate.' He is a Greenback Democrat; more Greenback than Demo crat since he declares that he will never support a hard money candidate for Pres ident and says that Virginia will not. of Arkansas; Florida .and From the Georgia' Southron. . . KING COTTON , AND HOW TO MANUFACTURE IT SAGE - iADVICE FROM AN OBSERVANT WRITER. ' Editor Southron: On the" nth instant in company with some friends we visited the Wesminster factory, situated two miles trom Westminster, fc, C Our ob ject in doing so was to witness the Clem ent attachment process of making yarn from seed coUon. We found " several other gentlemen,' there actuated by the same motive. ' " "' " . , Several friends before and since my visit there have requested me to write for publication my1 opinion of the Clement attachment, which I now hand you for publication. ' My opinion of the attachment runs into a great many things. I think it the great est and simplest invention to facilitate the putting of cotton into yarn that has taken place since Whitney's invention of the cotton gin ; or Fulton's application of steam. The gin of the Clement attach ment is only an improvement on the- old Whitney gin in this: the saws are. only eight inches, in diameter, the ' teeth are finer, consequently more of them in " the same space on the periphery of the saw, runs slower and hence does not cut or nap the fibre, and discharges ihe. seed much cleaner than the old gin." It samples bet ter makes a prettier,.stroriger yarn- The me lint Irom the seed, the brush lf lr takes it from the saws, the card takes it om the brush, and after carding and con densing deposits it in a tin can shaped into a most oeautirui rou. xnis consti- tacture their cotton at home has been my tutes the method of the operation of the hobby, for, forty years, and were I in a Clement attachment. The after process banquent of nations called upon for a Ben is the same as seen in all cotton factories. . timent. I would pive "The cotton rro- Now, Mr. Editor, as you and hundreds of others know that 1 have tried for a number of years to convince the people of all the "cotton growing btates that it was to their interest to manufacture their own cotton at home and hot ship a pound of raw cotton from the South, it is my opinion, then, that the Clement attach ment is the entering wedge destined to brinsr about that desideratum. be accomplished? I answer, let every cotton State . buy the right to run the at- tachment, make the heirs of the inventor I understand he is dead rich, and hot let them die, as some others benefactors , of, mankind and their heirs have died, in overty, contempt ana hunger; men let he risht to run the attachment be dis- losed free to all citizens. Every one then would have the right to run it. , It is my opinion that any mecnanic ormacnin- ist could so modify and remodel our com- mon gins now in use ana appiy mem 10 the carding deparment with success. If then I am right in this, not one gin now in use would be lost or a gtn maker thrown out of employment. . Ihen let each ot .the cotton States put the lawful rate of inter- est to six per cent, and exempt from tax - ation, for ten years trom the date ot such investment, an capital invested in macnin-; ery of every kind. This would cause pop- ulation and capital to now into tne soutn - em States by thousands, and instead of our taxable property being lessened, be- lore that ten years ran out " wouiq De . -. t 1 1 trebled. isut au mis wm require rime, and my advice is, don t wait, but go into the operation as soon as possible. , I am aware that but few persons have any idea, Unless they have, made the calculation, ot the loss 10 me planter m ireignis, waste, bagging and ties, to ship cotton to .u- rope. I know it is a delusive , idea, com' rnon ; among planters, that they get paid back for bagging and ties because nothing is deducted irom me weignt oi me Daie at the time , of selling. But my friends let . 1 . 1 r . " i f .1 11 IIIC itii wu iiiai iuti ao I . 1 TvT. "VT1, .J T : 1 snippcu, .x-xcw xwiiv auu tiivciwui n.. will be priced in those two. places. And in'; the meetings of cotton brokers', and merchants these subjects are discussed and cotton priced accordingly., Now let us cipher a little: suppose the crop of Georgia alone to be 600,000 bales and that amount is shipped to Liverpool, the freight at $S per, :bale is $4,Soo,ooo. Cotton ginned on tlje,, common (gin and made intojaoricsio u s -u . .. r ! ij- u : -11 ol 5,pe t w C' on the 6oq,o ba .S bales, which if left at home would make fi noo tons of the best manure. Bagging , . j T,lVl. for 6oo,ooaba es at 5 yards per bale takes ft takls sStiefS yard is $375 000. Then H takes six ties to the bale, and 30 ties weigh 56 pounds t- king 6,720,000 pounds of ties whi.h at6 cents per pouna win amuum This then is the loss of freights, bagging and ties on ooyxjo v - - together makes the pretty little sum of $5,595,000 which the planters of Georgia lose by the shipment of 000,000 Dales ot Mississippi; cotton to Liverpool, besides the loss of 30,000 bales ot waste. . , : . . Now multiply these losses .by nine and you approximate to the loss of the South ern States by not manufacturing their cotton at home. . j -y, . , ; . ; . , . : Now let, the cotton: States adopt the Clement attachment and all this loss can be. saved. -The producer would also have the right to price his own cotton at home. iMy opinion further is that the attach ment will bring about a complete revolu tion in the manufacture of cotton in this: it will cause . cotton to ibe manufactured where it grows., It will save to the Southern States in the way of shipping raw cottonnol thou sands but millions of dollars. . It will bring into our country population and capital by thousands. ; It will give employment to .thousands,' gladden the hearts of the poor, diversify the cultivation of our lands, add millions to its production in the way of manure, and open market at the door of every farmer for all and everything he can-produce. It will remunerate the cap italist and add:wealth to his. coffers. Fi nally it will wake up dormant enterprise, cut the bands that have for the last hun dred years made the Southern people the hewers of wood and drawers of water to their English ancestry and northern broth ers, and will make the ; Southern States financially the rulers of the world. . Cheatham is visionary and the Clement attachment a little thins:. Be it so. As to myself, I care nothing. To induce the people of the Southern States to manu- ducine States of North 'America: thev must and will manufacture their own cot ton ,; at home." And ! thank my Maker that I .have lived to s see, as I think, the ball in motion. These are my opinions, thoughts and views. ... it they are in any way ot oenent to my fellowmen, or will cause the South ern people to thinks I am satisfied Asto; the attachment being a little in?, that is. literallvjjtrue; it. is : a little thine, but the orettiest little thine for ma ninulatinfr cotton into a roll that I ever have seen. I would like to see it started n fl the cotton.counties in Georgia; but would advise all pioneers .to go and see one that is running. The one at West- minster I think well arranged, where you wm find the two Mr. Striblinsrs. not only pr00d mechanics and machinists, with a fun(j of piactical common sense, but model gentlemen, ready and willing to give any information you may desire. There you may learn more m two hours than 1 could write in two weeks. My advice to all beginners is to start but one machine at a time, but build your 1 house with a view to enlarge it to the ca pacity of two, four, or six, if necessary. I j would never run over, six in the same building. In this way, by starting only one machine, the first hands would. be COme capable of instructing the second, j and so on. : : ; . And now, Mr. Editor, a few words to the neoole of Gainesville and this commu i : t- . tr . . nication, which is already longer than 1 intended, will close, r My friends, by all means start a cotton factorv in vour town. It is not necessary for me to tell vou how to start one. The sieht of the one at Westminster and a conversation with .the proprietors will p-ive v0u all necessary information, but 1 have a little knowledge in outtinc: up ma- chinery and in putting cotton into yarns, an(j T nromise if vou start one and. I am .1 . v ... ... ... aDie to get to it, 1 will assist in putting up the machinery and. in initiating the hands i until VOU Pel UOUCTltf1 lii.au v av , auu nui. I , J " i cnaree vou a cenuoi. Joiin I. Cheatham. THE LABORER IS WORTHY OF : HIS HIRE. " ' When will the 3 Patrons of Husbandry individually and the farmers of the coun try collectively learn that their duty and interest are to protect the producer and I nut uiv urtiaojiK, the farmer and not the forestaller or speculator; that even-hand ed justice does not permit him who does nothing either to produce or increase the article to profit unreasonably uy. , uii irom me iaci mat it utiascs, tiiiuug". 1113 hands?: Xhe time is no distant when the world will wonder that it ever allowed such swarm of blood-suckers to fatten . themselves with ufe.bi0od of ite nfost useful members. cu- af Kc V , Arkansas will produce this year 100,000 more bales of cotton than she did last year and will receive $15,000,000 more - than last year, Number 46. ADULTERATION OF ARTICLES OF COMMERCE. : Competition has become the; bane of modern civilization. It has been carried to such fearful extremes that there is -hardly an article of commerce which has not been subjected to deterioration or adulte-' ration. Adulteration, especially, has in jured the quality of almost everything that the consumer purchases. In regard to a large percentage of goods which the far mer buy's, he has no assurance whatever of the quality of his purchase. His tobacco may be largely adulterated with molasses, sugar, aloes, licorice, gum, oil and lamp black, alum, tannic acid and iron, logwood, and such savory leaves as rhubarb, chico ry, cabbage, burdock,' coltsfoot, and an' excess of salt and water. Chemical anal ysis has shown that all these ingredients have been liberally used , to season the weed to make it more heavy and less valua ble, TheJadulteration of garden and field seeds is a loss of thousands of dollars an nually to the farmer Turnip seed is adul terated with rape, wild- mustard or char lock, the vitality of which has been de stroyed by kiln-drying at a high tempera ture; old turnip seed is also used f dilu ting fresh seed; and it is well known to not a few of our large dealers that such seed can be secured in commerce by the ton. Clover seed is often dyed one of the commonest frauds being to dye trefoil ana to sen ic ror red clover; the brown tint and metallic look being given by a weak solution of logwood and alum, i When white clover seed has become changed by age and has lost its yellowish color, it is dyed with an infusion of tumeric and then toned down with the fumes of burning sulphur; in fact, these fumes are 'used to brighten up all sorts of seeds that have acquired a dull, dead look by reason of age, but they destroy entirely their vitality. This fungoid growth of adulteration runs along all the lines of commerce and through all the branches of manufacture, and is the poisonous outgrowth of thi9 vile system of- competition, which is the chief corner-stone on which our half-, fledged scientists build their political econ omies. If the co-operative methods-of dping. business recommended and partial ly adopted by the Patrons of ; Husbandry had done no more than to make the term competition, and all it implies; contempti ble to men of sober and thoughtful minds, it has accomplished an amount of good for which the next generation will be grate ful. When competition has been rooted out by the better principles and practices of co-operation frauds in business and adulterations in articles of commerce will have passed away. Spirit of Kansas. - In. the game of politics now being played in the National House of Repre sentatives, the farmers of the country have made a point worth noting. On the 4th of December, Mr. Aiken, who is member of the National Grange, presented "a memorial from that body, asking the enactment of laws which will relieve the country from the exactions of transportation companies; and requested that it might be read. Mr. Garfield, of Ohio, objected, saying it was not custom ary to read memorials, except when com- ing irom otate .uegisiaiures. mr. vikcii explained its import, and Mr. Garfield withdrew nis objection. rpeaKer ivan dall took it upon himself to say that in view of the fact that the paper came from a large and influential body, it should be read, ine lawyers ana politicians 01 our own day are recognizing the importance of the f ct, never forgotten by their elders and their betters of the early days of the Republic, that without a prosperous ag riculture there is no national prosperity, and in the future we may expect better things of them. And one of these, is the enactment of a law providing for a .Sec-, retary of Agriculture, who shall have equal powers with other Cabinet officers," in his own line. Such a bill was ' intro duced at the last session-by Col. Henry L Muldrow, of the first district of Mis sissippi, and he. has promised to push the measure the present session. , Indeed, it is among the Southern members of Con gress that the farmers of the country may look to find their staunchest friends; not, perhaps, because these gentlemen are so much more friendly to them and to agri culture than the Northern representatives, but because the States the former; repre sent are agriculturally, it not otherwise, m a deplorable condition, which Southern1 representatives recognize and are seeking to improve. New York paper, , There are many masked faces in life, and if by some superhuman power these masks should be suddenly torn off what a sight one-half of the world would pre , sent to the other.