Newspaper Page Text
The Patron of Husbandry. f W. H. WORTHINGTON, Editor. : J COLUMBUS, MISS., DEC. 20, 1879. ! MISSISSIPPI STATE GRANGE. The ninth annual session of the Missis sippi State Grange was held at Forest, commencing on Tuesday, the 9th int; and ending.Thursday night. - f j This sessionwas attended y delegates from all parts of State, except the J south-" j eastex nt where the U rder has never, naa much" strength. The spirit Jof the body was never more- earnest and enthusiastic. As mostVf the - professional politicians that flocked to the Grange when it was attracting attention and its purposes nbt so well understood have nearly all leftthe few remaining have but little influence; inconsequence, the proceedings of this meeting were marked by the utmost har mony. The delegates were mostly old men, who have succeeded at farming, but who, in theirstruggles through life against adverse circumstances and the ag eressions of other classes, have learned the power of organization and how, essential I it is for promoting ana protecting uie in terests, of their children, and they are ma king an earnest effort in the Grange to prepare a better way for those who are to come after " them. These thoughtful, patriotic men know that the Grange is the best. and. the. only organization, ever-devised to promote and protect the interests of the farmers the only one over which farmers themselves can exercise full con- trol free from outside influence, and that they must maintain it at every hazard and make it thoroughly efficient in every de partment. It was such men as these, ani mated by : such thoughts, aspirations and hopes, that came together at this meeting, and who engaged in the work of the ses sion with a devotion, an earnestness and enthusiasm that will be seen and felt in every Subordinate Grange in the State. It was remarked by some of the older members that the feeling displaced at this meeting was admirable, . and indicated more far-reaching, effective work than has been accomplished b any former session. Each delegate was fully impress ed with the importance and necessity of adopting measures to revive interest in the Order among the farmers, and to induce the thoughtless and negligent to come for ward and enlist under the Grange banner with those who have worked so earnestly and faithfully to protect the agricultural ciHi from the tvrannv and rapacitv of other class.cc that have become powerful through organization, and to elevate them in all the relations of life. The measures adopted for these great ends will appear in the in our next issue. In our opinion, the most practical, and what will prove the most effectual, measure adopted, was that to place Worthy Master Darden on active service during the coming year. He will canvass the State thoroughly. We regard the Worthy Master as one of our ablest, most earnest and boldest leaders; he is one of our most forcible and eloquent public speakers, and in his canvass of the State next year he will sow the feeds of a glorious victory, and, it we mistake not the spirit of the farmers of Mississippi, the fires of popular enthusiasm will blaze brightly in his path. His speeches at this session, and he was called out on several occasions, produced an elevating effect, for they were addressed to both the hearts and minds of the delegates, and gave as surance that the farmers of Mississippi have at the head of their organization a statesman and a patriot worthy to lead on any field and in whom they may safely confide. : There were present at this meeting sev eral who were among the first to engage in the cause, many from remote parrs of the State, and all of whom enjoy the con fidence and esteem of their people They have learned the value of the Grange, and are determined to maintain its integrity, cost what it may. All, both old and new members, seemed impressed with the idea that the Grange in Mississippi is about entering upon a new career of prosperity and usefulness; that there is to be a great and general revival, and this belief, and the necessity for maintaining an organiza tion, animated them in all their work, and prompted them to a concert of action a lofty patriotism in their deliberations, that will make the influence of this meeting more direct and far reaching than that of any meeting ever held in the State. The next annual session of the Missis, sippi State Grange will be held at Brook haven. jWe continue the publication of reports of committees at the late session of the National Grange. They will prove inter esting to members of the Order. . - The reports from the States made to the National Grange by the delegates a number of which we print in The' Pa tron show that the Order is on solid ground in most of the States. Mississippi makes a fair showing, and will do consid erably better at the next meeting of the National Grange. ! Worthy Master Dar dn will get the farmers of this State thor oughly aroused next year, and by Novem ber the Order in Mississippi will be stronger by .many thousands than it ever was. . - : ' . - ' . . .Y THE NATIONAL GRANGE. '.REPORTS FROM .JTH3SL. SPATES, s ' By'- Bro. Thing,- of Maine. That the hour of 2:30 to-morrow be appointed for a general discussion in the interests of the Order. rT Amended and adopted, fixing the time at 2:30 to-day, at which hour byjcall' of ; roll oif-States, this, Interesting and profits- ble discussion was carried on.;; We regret j we can only give a few points , of all the many goad things said by the representa tives from alt parts Tof- oirgjeat Grange ' field c ' "" . Bro. "Adams was first, called. an3v said that in his annual address he had embod ied. all he had to say at this time.77f Bro: Spilman, of California, said The Grange in California is on a good solid basis ; we have about got clear of our poor material, the element we now have can be relied upon to carry out the principles of pur Order. Our last State Grange meeting, held a month ago, was the lar gest, most enthusiastic and best ever held. Our subordinate Granges are in good wor king condition; they are talcing in large numbers of young people, who are be coming much interested: We have many business organizations on the" Rochdale plan which are a great success; we have a bank, insurance company, and feel full of hope for the future. ."-7. , . Bro. Rosa, of Del. Our Grange farms like our State are smalV but in proportion to our numbers, we are receiving as great benefits as in any other State, ' We; have lost some 1 members and taken jn pthers who more than fill their places. Have as many members as ever,and thosewenow have are of better material than the aver age of those who first joined,' ' Bro. IJooth,of Colorado W as sorry he could not make a better report. In the early days of enthusiasm too many joined for financial benefits alone,. We have had. many difficulties to contend with. The officers of our State Grange receive no salaries, and being farmers, can not give the time necessary to thoroughly' advance the work; hence, some Granges have be come dormant. We need lecturers 'to travel over the State to stir up our farm ers and members to the importance of the Order. What members we now have are of the best material, true Patrons in all respects. Had suffered severely ''"from grasshoppers, leaving our people poor, was another cause of not attaining com plete success but we are now working for better times. In business matters we established an agency with $2,500 sub scribed and $600 paid in; the first year the business amounted to over $100,000. When some ambitious ones, thinking we were able to do the entire business of the State, attempted too much; failure came, and much damage thereby to the Order in our State., Dormant Granges were now reviving, and he felt sure that a bet ter report next year could be presented from Colorado. ' Bro. Wilson, of Fla. In our State the Order is languishing, brought about by various causes. Business ventures and experiments bankrupted the State Grange treasury by the second year. Ihrough unfortunate selections of agencies the business features had not always resulted in success, which has cooled the zeal of many. They still had a determined few mx -wt v aT loo i- n And homing for brighter and better days. Bro. Forsvthe, of 111. In our State the Order was born in a whirlwind and born unde- a necessity, that of relieving the farmers of the State from the burdens im posed upon them by the railroads and other monopolies; and it did good work as lone as these necessities existed. We have about 400 Granges in good standing I . have had many reports within a short time that the (Jrder is looking up, and confidently expect a genuine revival and renewal of interest. . . Bro. James, cf Ind. I could not in the brief -time of this discussion give a full idea of the condition of the Order in our State. From various causes we too have had a decline. We were organized under too much excitement. In management of our funds nad been more fortunate than others; had never less than six or seven thousand dollars in the treasury of the State Grange and all our debts paid. We had at one time 2,047 Granges. Had we never 1 had but .1,000 it would have been better. Had at present 7,000 to 8,000 live members; some only see the dead ones and get discouraged. In lecturing, their experience had been that it was better to lecture live ; oranges tnan aeaa- ones. Stimulate the best, and their example and good works will help others. The mem bers we now have are systematizing their work better than ever, building halls, and co-operating generally. Taking all to gether, can report our State in good con- dition with brightening hopes. Bro. Sims, of Kan. The condition of the Order in our State is bad. I can not at this time enter into a discussion of the causes in full. ; We orgauized too rapidly; more rapidly than we educated. Our fi nancial affairs were badly managed. We have one thing on which to build a hope Where wejiave established co-operative business enterprises and succeeded, there the. Order is a success; where they have failed the Order has died out; where no efforts have been made in this direction, it has languished. In every single in stance where the Rochdale plans have been adopted and lived up to, it; has proved a complete success, and the Order is there strong. Br6. Thing, of Maine Thought the re marks of Bro. Sims applied to Maine as well as any he had heard. Maine had grown slowly but surely; a large pro portion of the Granges organized were still alive. In those' Granges where we find the most-boy and girls there we find the most hope. . - In some neighborhoods the Grange had really revolutionized soci ety, giving city advantages' of culture and social adornment to the country-We had bten successful in resuscitating" dormant Granges in our State. Ono of the largest and best they now have was once dor mant Bro. Thing then read a carefully prepared and most excellent paper upon the condition of the farmer and the neces sity of his; making, an .effort to benefit himself by advancing his calling and free ing it' from'the-burdens and encroach ments of other classes. , V '? Bro; Moore,' of Mdl Said these words would cover the condition of theOrder in our State. It is. fain Situated as Mary land was on the borders and torn up as it was by the cm! war, Be" would bear testi . 1 , " mony to the immense good done by the Order in fraternizing the people thus op posed to each other. In their business co operation they had been successful. ..A3 an instance, great quantities of artificial ferfilEEers are used in our state; by united effort we were enabled to reduce the pHee of guano to our members from t,$6)-.50 to $45 per ton. We are teaching our people the, importance of depending upon them selves if they hope for Grange success. With. us the Order is a fact, and we have bright future. ' "7 v -. Bro. Ware, of Mass. I am sorry I can not give a glowing report of our Order in Massachusetts. I will, mention a few causes of our not attaining greater success. Thedeputies who .organized our State were not particular as to the material ta ken in.a One Orange was organized in Boston composed entirely of those whose interests were in direct conflict with our farmers. Others were startedln towns without a single farmer upon the charter; this kept farmess from joining and brought the Grange into disrepute; but it is differ ent now. We have to-day many ot the best- farmers in Massachusetts with us. The professors in our agricultural colleges, members of the btate Board ot Agricul ture, and numbers of other prominent and progressive men and women are now members, and members who will do their utmost to keep its precepts and advance its interests,. Our stores on the Rochdale plan are all successful, but we hold that the greatest 4nducements otierexr or tne Grange are its educational and social- ad vantages.:: Specially do I love ahdvalue it for its nationality, and through its wide spread influence and teachings it may yet be used even to the saving of Uie natn Bro. Adams not being present when Minnerota was called Bro. T. A. Thorn p- son was invited to report for that State- He said the Order , in Minnesota had passed through the same ordeal as it had in others. It had passed its lowest point and i9- now having as bright an outlook as at any former time, and its march is now onward. Their last Grange meeting was the best ever held. V Minnesota is prospering. . ' isro. Darden, ot Miss. baid that at the last meeting of their State Grange a year ago, owing to the ravages ot the yellow fever, and funds of the btate orange being all gone, the outlook was discouraging. But they determined to pay no salaries to officers except Secretary and to push ahead. Appointed forty or fifty lecturers to visit different parts ot the State. He had devoted August and September last to this work, and could now say he was never more encouraged than at present. The Worst obstacle to overcome was that the people, were not posted as to the Grange, its obiects and its results. Out of seventeen counties he had visited he had never failed to re-organize in a single in stance. Over three hundred Subordinate Granges have been revived in our State within the past year, and the spirit was never better since the early days of the Order. Was happy to say that in Miss issippi our membership had more than doubled within the year We have 40 to so co-operative associations, not one of which had been a failure. As an instance,' in my own county we organized with only "35 capital; thpy now have Sl.OOO. In less than a year hence we shall have not less than 100 co-operative stores. We want Grange papers and lecturers. We must give up the defensive and take up the aggressive to prosper more. Recip rocating most heartily the sentiments of the brother, from Maine in re gard;io the mission 01 our Order in wiping out sectionul difficulties, and coming as he did from the extreme South, it did his heart good to hear such expres sions or goou win. . Bro. Eshbaugh of Mo. In our State we made the mistake of not understand ing the educational work of our Order, and before we did unerstand it many left our ranks. In the last hjrteen months am happy to say that our Order has had an upward tendency in Missouri. We have found out. by careful investigation and statistics that eight agricultural and Orange papers are, now read by our far mers where one was formerly circulated Our last State Grange session held a few weeks since' was the best ever held Would testify to the valuable aid the Or der in our State has sustained through the earnest work of the sisters of the Grange. The Order is a fixed fact in Missouri. - Bro. Chase, of N. H.- Our member ship was originally the same as in other States, composed of several classes. Some joined for money only,' others for social and fraternal " ad vantages. The first are about all out, ' , Those left are caring for the Grange because of the social and fra ternal benefits. ' He was opposed to all this talk'of business through the Grange. We 'had 7 lost sight, of our landmarks, Those who founded the Grange did not anticipate the financial matters. We must build upon these " social and fraternal fea tures. " "'" ' .7" ' " ' ' ' ' Bro. Brigham of Ohio The Order in Ohio owes much1 of its success to Bro. Ellis. Our experiences are much the same as others. ' We have written up against the names of many, "Weighed in the bal ance and found wanting." All who everl were good patrons are with us to-day. They dont know the meaning of the word fail, and you may rest assured that when ever the National organization shall meet a representative will be there to say, "We are still living and working in Ohio."; Bro. Shipley, of Oregon, I am sorry to say that with us the Order is not in as good condition 7 as ; formerly. Various causes have brought this about." Our iso lation, covering as we do a vast territory, and that in many portions but sparsely settled, it is hard to keep up the commu nication with all our Granges. They are away upon Pujet Sound, in little valleys, away out among the mountains. We can't reach them all with lecturers. In thickly settled counties,' as in the Williamette val ley, the Order Was never more flourishing. We never ' intend to give " up the ship. The Grange shall live in Oregon. ' " Bro. Harwell, of Tenn. I am sorry to say we are in a' luke-warm condition; but amid the darkness we have bright spots, where we hope to keep the fires burning, iiu iiuin mese nuciei eventually once-f more enliven all.' Itis: not necessary to give the reasons, for our condition; much the same causes prevailed with us as else where. We do look to the National Grange for something that will give us hone for the future. We have yet among usmuch Grange faitkWe baeor hope! of the luture on orange education iur uu. people, and we believe we must com- meucejn uie puoiic scxioois ui ; "i"ivi we have already secured -the passage. of a law! hjouul4eiitx''PfyPSf'f? books to , teach at least tne? elements, i agriculture iriour.sch6ols. fJ I 7! : 4 Bro." Franklin, or Verroont-Our State has ever been alive to the interest 6f the Order. AlthoughThr membership is not as large as whenthe tidalwave was sweeping over the land, those we. now have, have a better realization of the true objects of the Order. We -have a tew dor mant Granges, owing to the hurry and mistakes at their organization. We have no doubt that ll of these can, with prop er means, be put upon a solid foundation. With us the hnanciarieature nas not Deen a success, uur state vgency-uas uccu abandoned. We don't consider that Tea, ture the hope. of the Order in our State. We should look deeper for the causes'that burden our people. . We will 'find on in vestigation that the .laws of this country are such as to burden' the' farmer.- Wc must take . the ground that the farmer must have a better representation! The National Grange should at this Session lay plans for high objects that are Worthy of the support of our membership. ; We of Vermont are willing to work" with our brethren of the . South fn, carrying out all the high objects, of .our "Declaration,'! until we.shall be held together ly a United bond from one end of Vour land to ' the other. litlr:"-. Bro. Baylor, of AVest Virginia Our State is getting along well. ! We1 have about eight thousand good members JWe. are in a healthy condition educationally and financially: The business Teatufesf bur Order" through co-operation have with us been' great helps, and "arebeing carried out with 'increasing success; are building up the Order in some portions of our State. We have so far managed the finances of our State Grange with suc cess; always have had money in the treas ury, and have not asked any financial aid from the NationalGrange. Wv are making progress. We have instructed oUr Legis latures and members of Congress to our advantage. Senator Davis of West Vir ginia, was the first to introduce into Con gress a resolution to promote the interests of agriculture, and the first to state on the floor of the Senate that the Grange was a success, at least in West Va. Bro. Sherwin of Wis In onr State we have taken the lead in some Grange work.' All knew, of the railroad war in regard to freights. Our people were pledged to carry it , to a successful issue. We were united and in earnest and we succeeded. We are seeking to do our business at home, and do it well. We have had our share of work in co-operation. We lowered plaster from $11.00 to $7.00 per ton by bringing in three hundred car-loads atone time from Iowa ;: last year reduced the price to $4.50 per ton. The Grange pays us in manhood and in our pockets. We are out 01 debt. Wisconsin nas never begged, and I hope she never will. We have large numbers of co-operative stores, and they are successful. We intend to go on with it in our State. We are working to affect legislation in regard to taxation. We are demanding equal taxation, and will never give up the contest. Bro. Smith, of Georgia I regret ex ceedingly that I cannot report more fa vorably from our State. Our State Grange refused to reduce its representation, and it exhausted our Treasury. We have a large and successful State Agricultural So ciety that meets twice during the year. It is largely fostered by the railroads, who furnish free passes to all delegates. Free entertainment is also generally had. While this has hindered Grange progress, it has not stopped the advance of agriculture. The State BoaT"d of Agriculture is an out growth ot the Grange. We shall never consent for the Grange to dip,' on account of its nationality. We njust preservp it to hold in check the evil designs of partisans everywhere. . We have but one rebel m Georgia.' "We have accepted the situation atid don?t wish it changed. Let -us all work together in our Order lo break down the sectional feeling that politicians are constantly endeavoring to promote. operation of these thrrteetr-Ur make the social feature a success! It requires earn est co-operative labor to advance the edu cational work of the Order. Indeed, all work: of importance n our Order requires co-operative effort. W e must teach mem bers everywhere their duties, irights, and privileges upon all questions of political economy, the affairs of government, and the rights of citizenship. When these questions are properly understood, and we apply co-operation in its true sense, as is reasonable and; just to a free people, 1 equitable distribution of the blessings, and equally share the burdens, of govern ment. ... By co-operation, properly understood and correctly applied, we can remove nineteen twentieths of all the burdens of which the farmers now complain. In deed, there is- not promise made by the r J : 1 1 organization, or a iciujui uc&ucu uy 11a members, that can not be accomplished bv the true, method of co-operation - But iust as lorigas we give morel heed to .strife sectionalism , and partisanism than we do to fraternal co-operation, we must expect to ear the burdens that of. right belong to others. ; 17 Co-operation in. our Order meaDs ad-vart'eernent-of agriculture, success of our orgahlzatidrr; prosperity;; of its members, and elevation of a higher and nobler wo manhood "and manhood. So thorough are we impressed with the magnitude of this subject, and its influence upon the future prosperity of . our Order, that we most respectfully recommend' that the members of the National Grange be re quested to use all reasonable effort In their respective States to teach, by practice and precept co-operation in its true sense in all things pertaining to pur Order, to the end that it-may be a triumphant success. We- shall Uhen know no favoritism, no sectionalism; but one people, one govern ment, and thafof the people and for the good of the people.. " . report of special committee on the "State of amebian agriculture. - Worthy Master Your special committee- raised -"to take'into consideration the state and codition of American Agri culture, and to .report, such measures and policies as in their judgme'nt.will tend to afford relief from the weights, hindrances, and difficulties that may beset it, and to suggest "such methods as will restore to American farmers greater prosperity and promote their-political find -material" wel fare," have given the subject such consid eration as opportunity and circumstances I allowed, and present thejfollo wing report- Agricultural progress has never been more rapid-. than within the last decade. The modes of agriculture have . been vastly improved. The invention of labor saving implements and farm machinery has multiplied the powers of farm labor and accelerated the forces of production. In that period the increase of raw pro duction has been augmented. The ap pliances and facilities for profitable farm ing are in the hands of every farmer, and the highest degree of agricultural prog ress is exhibited, in the marvelous abun dance of harvests. From 1S75 to 1S7S the amount of newly settled lands in the Uni ted States was 18,755,115 acres. The ten dency is towards the increase of raw pro duction, and the new methods of cultiva tion upon all farming lands give additional and enlarged powers of production. From these additional resources agriculture yields a larger, annual wealth, and, taking a general view of its progress, it might be accepted as evidence of ..a general pros perity among those who are engaged in its fields; but when applied to the indi vidual farmer the' reveise is presented. Surrounded : with such advantages, and notwithstanding the stupendous efforts of the agricultural people to keep abreast with the onward march of other trades, occupations and employments, farm cap ital and labor receive less remuneration than equal capital and labor employed in other departments of life. American farming is growing less prof itable and less encouraging. . In a country possessing as many facilities of cheap pro duction this discouraging aspect of agri culture must be and is the result of other than natural causes. The annual addi tions of wealth under the enlightened system are enormous, but from the une qual division of the profits of labor and the unjust discriminations made against it, the enlistments of property Skhow that the farmers of the United States are not prospering., While it is rapidly extin guishing all debts and restoring an equi librium to the Currency of the conntry, its votaries are deprived of a just share of the rewards of rtheir-tqil. 'Capital concen trates to make Corners and form rings to fix prices. Transportation companies are allowed to raajce and unmake prices at will by their unjust and discriminating tariffs and freights.; Subsidies and tariffs are created to protect other industries to the prejudice of agriculture. Commerce is shackled, American productions are denied the markets of the world through If ....I : property made to bear an unequal and f indue proportion of taxation to afford ex- ?mptions and privileges to other indus ', ries. Monopolies are permitted to as . ', ' ' tume power and control and exercise prerogatives and privlieges justly belong ing to sovereignty. , Encouraged by leg- lbiation ana stimulated by power, they haVe grown.dictatorial and . imperious in tneir aemanas, unrelenting in their exac tions, and cruel and unmerciful in their impositions. Society has become extrav agant and is now a heedless spendthrift of the painful earnings of, labor. Govern Jrnent has become proud and autocratic. while her tolling millions are humiliated n their poverty. 'States are lavish and prodigal with the people's money. . Cities and towns grow.ricb. at the -expense and '-impoverishment, of the country.. Laws re ingeniously formulated co make justice luiuy ana tnus tend to encourage crime and disorder. In view of tK .n.coV.. jlished. fact that the productive industries must pear the burdens, of. society, chief among which is agriculture, the natural nursing mother of all the occupations, trades, and professions of our people, it is found that it is over-taxed and over-burdened with unnecessary, unjust, unequal, and flagrant impositions, that a fnct of right would transfer to whpro diA Wly belong. The farmers of America Javeon all occasions shown themselves Jo be a patient and enduring people, and f urther submission to wrong, and injus tice will be a sacrifice nf monkj exnibition ot cowardice. Stirred with- l41UlllllfIJil JlilM just sense of right and supported by the integrity or our purpose, the National Grange of the Patrons of, Husbandry, in th? name and interests of the farmers of the United States, sternly demand v. I,'?hat thf DeParment of Agriculture shall liernade an Executive Department, and the Commissioner a Cabinet officer 31 thr"Agr!culturar Department shall- be sustained and supported by an nual appropriations commensurate with the importance of the great and perma nent industry it represents. " - . 3. .That commercial . treaties shall be made with all foreign countries, giving to American products equal and unrestricted intercourse with themarketsof the world. 4. That governments be admhT in a cheaperand simpler-manner enn nant with the conditions of the peonl 5. That a more rigid economy iA expenditures of public money be rn , lished. J ere e&tab- 6. That the laws shall be plain and t-1 tn Vi nr1 that i f ! , 1 11 , crime punished, and good , governm maintained. "lent 7. 'That the creation or allowing of m - f ' , ... . , jiijj OI tnirit "anil crfnitie n f fro .... 1 i lne the eminent. ; i : 6 " fTr.. 8. Tbat the tariffs of freights and fa over railroads and all transportation co ' panies shall be regulated and a'l Un;'"t" discriminations inhibited by law. o. That taxation shall be eaual anA form, and all values made to contribut their just proportion to the support of the government. . 10. That the revenue laws of the Uni ted States shall be so adjusted as to bear equally upon all classes of property, to the e.nd that agriculture shall be relieved of the disproportion of burdens it bears That the patent laws of the United States be so revised that' innocent pur. chasers of patent rights shall be protected" and fraudulent vendors alone held respon! sible for infringements of lights and vio lations of law. 7 . 1 2t. That a system of elementary agri. cultural education shall be adopted in the common schools of the country. 13.: That vfe'are entitled to and should have a fair representation in the legi&lj. tive halls of the country, chosen from the ranks of the farmers. Emphatically asserting our unalterable determination -to support and maintain these principles, we demand that they shall be incorporated in the laws of the country for the protection of American agriculture, and invoke the aid of the far mer of the United States in their sup. port, regardless of party affiliations and party mandates. To follow the dictation of partisan influences whilst our earnings are spirited away, and our families be", gared, is a degradation and sacrifice that can not longer be endured. With manly dignity we boldly declare our rights and interests, and with unwa vering devotion will maintain and defend them on all occasions, and this warnings defiantly thrown to the world. PREAMBLE AND RESOLUTIONS OFFERED BY BRO. J. T. BRIGHAM, W. M. OF THE STATE GRANGE OF OHIO, AND VXAXI MOUSLY ADOPTED. Whereas, This Grange recognizes the importance of the work undertaken bv the Department of Agriculture of the U. S. Government in behalf of American farming and farmers, and the earnest pur pose of the Commissioner and his assist ants. We are also impressed with the magnitude and importance of the work needing to be done in scientific investiga tions and experimentations which may properly be expected of this Department of the U. S. Government, and deplore its lack of means to supply the men and fa cilities imperatively needed for the work. Whereas, the great industry of agricul ture, which is the foundation of our na tion's wealth and prosperity, is practical ly without representation in our national Congress, and the great majority of our national legislators nave but slight Knowl edge or appreciation of the useful ends to be served by the Department of Agricul ture in developing the industries connect ed with our farming interests and shed ding new light on the varied questions which are agitating the minds of our pro gressive farmers; Therefore, Resolved, That we use our best efforts to make effective the influence of our farmers in securing more liberal treatment by Congress of our Department of the U. S. Government. Resolved, Thata committee be appoint ed to prepare an address or circular letter setting forth the leading facts concerning the Works undertaken by the Department, and showing its importance to industries of the various sections of our country the magnitude of the work that ought to be done, and that we believe would be don? were the necessary means furnished; showing also how paltry have been the government appropriations for the bene fit of agriculture as compared with liberal appropriations made in behalf of com merce and objects of political significance. Resolved, That we provide for placing this circular in" the hands of twenty or more leading"and influential farmers in each congressional district, with the re quest of this Body to them that they write personal letters to their representatives in Senate and House, or have personal con ference with them, urging upon their at tion the importance of increasing the ap propriations to the Agricultural Depart ment that it may be the better prepared to aid the great industry which we reprgr sent. Resolved, That this matter should be brought before each "State Grange meet ing, with a view to giving all the farmers of the country .a more adequate concep tion of its importance and securing their hearty co-operation in securing the just and adequate increase of appropriation to the Agricultural Department. There seems to be great activity in the Order in Arkansas, and the demand for The Patron is growing in all parts of the State an excellent indication. COST AND PROFITS OF A "NEW PRO CESS" COTTON FACTORY. The following statement of the cost of the ma chinery of the "new process" cotton factorv at Westminster, S. C, and the daily expenses ta& profits, will be found very interesting and sugg tive to farmers in the Cotton States. This factor is run by water power, and is attached to a com and flour mill: COST OF MACHINERY One card and Attachment, etc., $2,5 09 DAILY EXPENSES. 7 operatives, at 50 cents each, f 3 5 i b tss or manager, " 1 S Incidentals, oils, etc., 1 5 500 pounds seed cotton at 3 cts. per pound, 15 00 Total daily expenses, DAILY EARNINGS AND PROFITS. 33 bunches yarns, $ pounds each, 165 lbs at 18 cents per pound. 21S0 $2970 13 per ct. hard and good waste, 6ay 13 lbs. . ' at 3 cents per lb., Gross daily earnings, Net dairy profits $9 89.