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The patron of husbandry. (Columbus, Miss.) 1875-1883, January 20, 1883, Image 1

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mrom 'the.Tiel d f to tfe factory.
, Official Journal of the State Granges of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Missisisppi
Volume 8.
Number 3
Itar47, Jnry 20, ISSS.
the co-operative storo could nol eeU Th Pnnajlvia ftate Grange.
A great responsibility rests upon
the leaders of eur Order in this
State. They performed their duty
well and faithfully at the recent
State Grange meeting, and now, to
make that work effective they must
labor earnestly and zealously in the;r
resDective Granges. The farmers
1 - w
must be aroused, their interest in the
cause kept alive, by the efforts and
the example of the leaders. If thee
will keep at work in the Grange
hall and through th column of the
Grange press, they can keep up a
itcady onward movement in the
State throughout the entire year.
The members of the Grange ought
to stand by it like men, and make it
in truth the representative organiza
tion of intelligent, fearless men, who
know their rights and interests and
are determined to enforce and pro
tect them.
upon better terms than tho ordin
ary merchant does, then it would
be foolish to establish such stores,
for it would rosult in disaster.
And this is true of any co-operative
enterprise. There must be a de
mand from the farmers for the goods
to be sold or the articles manufac
tured sufficient to justify tho estab
1 .
nsnmeni 01 a co-operative store or
factory or other enterprise.
The Rochdale co-operative sys
tern has been thoroughly tested both
in England and this country, and
has met every requirement of mer
chandizing whenever its principles
were rigiaiy aanerea to. JViisiaRfs
have been made, the plain teachings
of the system ignored, and failures
were the natural result. In many
instances the stores were placed in
the hands of incapable or dishonest
men. broken-down merchants and
farmers, who had never succeeded
at anything, and their failure was
but a question of time. If a man
cannot succeed at merchandizing,
or at the law, or politics, or farming,
he will be very apt to fail at the
head of a co-operative enterprise.
We feel sure that, most of the fail
ures of co-operative enterprises can
be traced to the incompetency or
Ifieaishonesty oT the men entrusted
with their management, and this
will be the case to the end of the
To succeed at co operation then,
the manager must be a man of ca
pacity and integrity, and there must
Mtist a clearlv-defined demand for
the enterprise. Any one can sue
ceed splendidly on paper with any
kind of a co-operative enterprise,
but there are few comparatively
who can build up and carry on such
an enterprise successfully. If the
failures are attributable mainly to
incompetency or dishonesty, it will
It is a mistaken idea that any
nterprise can be rrried on sac
or that it ia dasirable U apply tho
principle to every business or oc
cupation in life. Some of our one
idea leaders ihave simply gone daft
on this subject, and in their unwise
attempts to get up all strti of co
operative schemes they are not
nly injuring the causo of co-operation
but bringing it into disre
pate and contempt. Co-operation
ia yet in its infancy in this.country.
It has been successfully applied in
merchandizing only, and in many
instances it has failed in that from
causes which we will endeavor to
point out in this article.
It ia wrong and impolitic for the
members of a Grange to attempt tn
enterprise on the co-operative plan
unlets such enterprise is a 'neces
sity and of such a character as will
clearly assure a profitable return to
the investors above its necessary
eipen88. It the members of the
Grange can purchase a better plow
or wagon at less rates than they
can hav it manufactured, it would
be extremely unwise for them to
eatablish a co operative factory for
their production simply becauso it
may be to the personal interest of
one or more Patrons to start sucb
an enternrian and thu i true of columns.
tit, , 1 ! l e -v- I : , nanViow nf.President Polk. He
j aiuuio wuico me ianuci i- i uwj""
auirpn Tt i. nnu .k. n nrtiele was cantured in Texas and is now
V 1 0 J kJ l J TTUVIW " 1 w "
I prime necessity is sold at extor- in jail at Nashville
At the recent splendid meeting of
the Pennsylvania State Grange.
Past Master Piolett made a strong,
eloquent speech, which we print
below. It will be read by Patrons
in other States with great interest
and pleasure:
Worthy A faster, Ladies and Gen
tlemen: I very much wish that some
otherjperson had been designated to
make the acknowledgements of the
CJ " A. 1 .I L
oiaie vraiic 10 me gentleman wno
has so truthfully portrayed the great
interest that we represent; but the
Master has given his order that I
should do this, ard having myself
occupied his place and exacted obe
dience to my orders, now when we
have cnanged positions I obey.
Turning to Mr. Hildrup: Sir, as
the representative of these women
and men who have listened to your
admirable expositions of the princi
ples of our Order, I thank you most
heartily. You are welcomed among
us as having been the hrst among
the very first to realize the impor
tance of the Gra'ge organization
the only organization which the
agricultural interest of this country
ever had or which that of any coun
try ever had. Until the advent of
Grangers there was not in the his
tory of the civilized world a single
instance in which the agricultural
people attempted to organize as
such : and here let me say that I pre
sume if I were to take. my-. at-ifm-
this moseo.V0
wbuTdli!'xw,fv , .a
of the purposes we hYve'irfv'rc w as
they would by anything 1 can give
in hours of talk.
This is our tenth annual meeting
of the State organization. You are
aware that we could, not make a
State organization until we had a
certain number of subordinate or
ganizations. Although we feel that
the farmers have been derelict in
not embracing this organization
with greater alacrity and readiness,
fctill we recognize that we have
m; de commendable progress. We
have awakened those of our own
class to an appreciation of the im
portance of encouraging such inti
mate social and business relations
i j
among ourselves as wouiu, in a
measure, compensate tor the aisao.
was attempted to force the Amen-'
can colonies into subjection to a dis
tant and foreign government. When
we investigate the condition of the
agricultural classes of the world,
and pirticularly of that class in cur
own country, we find that there are
laws upon our statute books which
are not sanctioned by any principle
known to republican government or
enunciated in the creation of free
government. We therefore mean
to agitate this question, and by our
voice, and what is more potent'!,,
by our votes, to teach all other
classes that we must be allowed to
stand upon, a broad plane of equal
ity with every other industry and
with every other class of our fellow
citizens. Applause. We mean
to vote for good men and we mean
to make use of our organization (or
just laws. We make no war urpn
any rights that are secured underi ie
sniem 01 statutory provisions, it
we demand justice and equa-:
fore the law. We know th
we do organize, that whet--
umns go forth to the pea
tration of the ballot-bo-
assert and secure our.J
that we can make thef'
country, like the
heaven, fall upon all
measure of impff
ness. Renewef
Now, we d
when we"
we aj,f
aeencv I have had in assisting to
bring about that result as one of!
the best labors of my life. I be
lieve that upon the next occasion
of the assemblings of the State
Grange we will have "money enough
not only to pay the sxpenses of
our friends who comelto the State
Grange but to give thero a tniUage,
not such as is vpaid to the public
representatives whom we payvbut
enough to defray some portion of
the expenditures incidental to an
annual meeting. It will be remem
bered that for some six years every
member who has attended a State
Grange meeting has defrayed his
expenses out of his own pocket.
What kind of a Legislature could
you assemble at Harrisburg if that
rulewas the law of the State? I
have no idea that they would stay
one hundred and fifty-nine days.
Laughter. And if the Legisla
tors were in our condition they
would have no one to sue for their
iy. Renewed laughter.
"ut we, farmersi mean finally to
' together and whenever, under
i form of government in this
'.ry, our women, the ladies, the
rs of the great men of our
y, those to whom ail men of
"ce amd force owe their
nd their thanks when
- have in the State and
'-"ine voice that they
"grange we will
' certain and
r raaiK
iaugh, of the
de Grange,
p eek's communication
6 say more concerning
feline and dormancy in
Ate Granges. I need not
.uiat decline in the early days
organization, often followed
.6 admission of inelligible ma
X and of material that could see
jood in the Grange, except that
.fch would work to individual
.terests, and to selfish advancement
if the
Jin the discussion and solicit others
to follow, in order to have the sub
jects well considered. But we are
told in many Granges if the Lec-
and the payment of ft. 20, said de
mit to hold good until the next an
nual meeting of the State Grange.
It is earnestly urged upon Deputies
turer attendee sits with histongue--iembers of the Order to use
ineir utmost innuence to get an ae-
mquent members rei" stated.
that therV
inside of a bi
exactly the tiling ,
view. To place v.
equality with every
the end for which C
instituted, and we will
fied until we accomplish
There is no stigma in
"Grange" or "Granger." I
cation is well understood. &
Concerning the importa'
our industry of which our Vt..-,'(,nol:t:caiiv or otherwise
Master has spoken, let me suggest. Qrange could not be controlled in
to you the query as to what wot.M these channels, then they sought its
be the consequences to the world if destruction. Neither is it necessary
tied, and.not a word is heard from
him during his entire year of ser
vice. Does any one suppose that
the members of such a Grange are
educating themselves? What is
the intellectual improvement at the
end of the year? Could anything
else but decline be expected under
such a state of things ? I have even
found Subordinate Granges whose
officers would not take any pains
to secure the new annual word, ap
parently content with an old one,
which disqualified them from vis
iting other Granges or from receiv
ing visiting members. Decline in
such cases, is just as certain as that
neglect is practiced. It is a fact,
established beyond all doubt, that
decline. and dormancy are largely
attributable to neglect and irregu
larities practiced by officers in Sub
ordinate Granges.
Neglect of Grange literature i
the next prominent cause of decline.
Wherever Grange literature has
been neglected there you find the
Order at a low ebb. On the other
hand, where Grange papers have a
good circulation, there do we find
the prosperous, live, working Gran
ges. I have found this so often il
lustrated, and in so many places,
that I am led to believe there is
scarcelytivany. exception to the rule.
wtHyjiy--Master Rhone of the
Pennsylvania State Grange, has just
issued an address to the Patrons of
his State, from which we take the
following. His suggestions will be
interesting to the Patrons of other
You have of your own free wil
unanimously re-elected me as the
Kvprntive officer of the State
Grange for the term of two years
Allow me to tnanK you ior inis re
newed expression of your confi
dence. It shall be my highest am-
. .1 j a - r
bition to perioral tne uuues 01
Master acceptably, and to the best
interest nf the Order. I hope the
be found that the successful co-ope
rative enterprises have capable and vantages of our comparatively iso-
1 o i tn;r Viearl men who lated manner of life. We could not
, . .1.: Aor. have farms in the towns and cities
succeed at ever, m.ug Indeed it has en well said that
take. generally where there is a town or
Ti f;,,ncre loaders have not city there is a good rarrn sponea
used the columns of the Grange
w, ,vonld Riv P any df partmen; t the , take made in those same : spnt j PW '
Tow to Hake U ran are Meetings
Read before Pe6cadero Grange, Cal., by
Bro. I. C. Steele, and sent to the Cali
fornia Patron for publication.
How to make our Grange meet-
ings interesting and profitable, is
subject so broad in its ap
plication that it reaches every
member of the Subordinate Grange;
for every member has an in
dividuality to unfold and strengthen
by culture. lo make the most ot
ourselves, every faculty must be
curate thinking and to hold the
mind to subjects worth thinking;
upon. TheGxange is a 6Chool; .its
members are simply pupils, .find
none should be ashamed of doiri
their best. If those whtahave stood
in the background will ome for
ward with a will, and tollow -the
course here indicated, they will see
a brighter light in the Grange, and
astonish themselves witn meir own
Selling Cotton Seed.
The rapid increase of cotton seed
oil mills in the South has already
' created a scarcity of seed to keep
them all in operation, and made the
nlanters somewhat farm in demand
ing an advance in the price paid by
the mills for their seed. The editor
r ..I Tl.- J p nf fnattannjocral
1 iiip mm ww.Mt.tLn irt,im. r a. mm. v v
every taculty must De y"- '.u ...i:.,t. T
.1 nfl rnis rn sav uii lug buvivs.-
properly exerased, tor development ' noP rntt - ni.nter.
is the result of exercise. Those who -i ;n,. end
only erciSf .heir faculties miu.
are low, vulgar, mean, mose wiio - - -l.nf.ra who
f a a a ii .a 1 r 1 mi 11 Luc c aiv- v -
iau to exercise tneir mieueciuai iac- rlfA-n .-11 .
ulfes are dull and stupid, while Vr?;;"
those whose moral faculties are un
nound. As a fertilhzer its value is
so well known that they prefer to
return the overplus to the ground.
Hence, the combination that aas
rpfpn tlv been entered into among
J . a .1 -
cotton seed crushers aiong tne in-
sissippi to fix the price of seed at
$11 is being met Dy tne pianier m
a spirit of determined opposition.
Thev claim that the seed is worth
j . ... ..1 i
at east Sit. and tnat tne supp.y
not so large as to warrant a fixed
1 : . i-uu t'imt The con-
lower pi"4fU
ing wTthfgfear rapidity, so great
that it is thougnt tne crusncrs uayc
calculated without due consioera-
standing, the beauties ot a universe - rrtWr. to sell
spread out from every soul center "f ":.,i K
. . . . , , 1 ir ono nvea nrice uciciiuuibu t
S b-.e er Zd'tflTe th. cusher. alone. In this con-
hand in hand, gathering immortal
truths to be garnered in undying
consciousness; and who so happy
as that one who contributes some
thing, however small, to the stock
of general knowledge that facilitates
developed are unprincipled. To se
cure happiness and the best state or
society, the moral power must dom
mate and all the other faculties act
in harmony with it. United effort
to gain this desirable state is cer
tainly praiseworthy. Agriculture
being the natural foundation ot hu
man improvement, the Grange was
organized by its votaries as a se
quence; for like begets like, and imj
provement once fairly started can
never cease. Progress is a law -of
our being; but to the individual it
will be slow or rapid in proportion
to the effort made to earn under-
press as freely as they should have
done. The officers of State Granges
especially ought to speak to people
through its columns regularly.
A biff defalcation has been dis
covered in Tennessee. The State
Treasurer, M. T. Polk, has used over
the nublic funds. We
f .V-fV-jVVW w-.
flaup-hterl: and not only have we
to live in the country, but we have
to labor, on an average, thirteen or
fourteen hours of the twenty-tour
of our industry, because it was not jayS v organizing too many Gran
remunerative, even tor a season. e9) neglecting to give proper in
Ut course tne genuemen wno con- 8tructions, erroneous teachings in
trol the great agent, that wonderful the iecture work, etc. I prefer to
force of fire and steam, who the confine mvself to more recent
moment they fail to realize 50 or 60 causes. And first I will aame the
cent, upon their investments work Qf officers, to which my at
complain that their industries are
all perishing, can stop tne wneeis
of business and can let their opera
tives turn to some other pursuit
which, bv the way, is sometimes to
tabhshment to Conducted beg of farmers-but we can not do it embarras'8ment neglect, did
t . Jnr'SiS. amouS at. Our pewer is that of animal b little wdrk. After their indue-
force; and it we wouia pui our tion into 0ffiCe they appeared per-
It seems that it is impossible for a
farm es
tention has been
There are many
individuals have sought office in
the Grange, and after being elected
and installed, either through timio
,;thr,iit this extraordinarv amount
of labor an expenditure of effort
not common to any of the industries
of the country other than our own.
This is accounted for not only upon
the fact alluded to by the gentleman
organization, from tne nignest 10
the lowest officer and membership.
If we are united our Order must
flourish. Let all private animosi
ties, therefore, if any should exist,
give place to "peace and good fel
lowship." Let all true Patrons,
K "here b y.nd f?ge it,
understandings; auu wim "wo
manliness and womanliness forgive
the taults of others, "remembering
that they who refuse forgiveness
break the bridge over which they
themselves must pass.
nortmn a meetin? 01 tne lormci
IK fea ajj
was held at Brunswick Point, war
ren ronntv. Mississippi, recently.
iota -n-t-inn in this reerard. At
tb.m meeting it was decided and
agreed not to sell cotton 6eed under
a compulsory price, and to store the
j :. a. a fertilizer until
unending good. Small things are . r term8 could be agreed upon,
not trifles; joy and sorrow are made De"er le,, . th mm. th-t
of mere incidents, and what seems . combination.
hardly worthy of notice by a care- rT-Xitseem s extends from New
less observer, may revolutionize a . ef T.onis. One of the
I State. The men who founded tnis . ,. racnit;nns adooted at
. T?..KU ,ore rnninmntn. "uuu,u6 -r , ;i
progress, and thus secures to others
s contemptu- ' referred to a prevail-
ously st vied rag-tags and bob-tails plaia terms. It
by the haughty lintons they drove
from our shores. K-ight is the em- - , That in conclusion
blem that will eventually wave over notice to combina
every sea and in every clime; and .. of description, whether
oacKeu uj 1 ....1 r otherwise, that we
urn 1 L.ULLUI1 " "
I v I rI 1 I
whoever supports it is
the energy of Infinite Power
mav fail: principles, never,
With these thoughts ever tresn in
mind, Patrons of Pescadero Grange,
let us each and eve y one be up
jinrl eacer for a ihoueht laden
rr .
T;tVi crnnrl for our Order, re
seed or otherwise, that
are no longer slaves, that we are
free men and perfectly aDie to
care of ourselves; can sell our pro
ducts to whom we please, ana
- nr.-e and we do not propose
that the price for the same shall be
c i vt ow rnmninauuii ""'i
tiocate rates and can not be pur
chased at a fair price in the ordi
nary business channels that the
Members of the. Order would be
justifiable in going to the expense
of establishing a factory on the co
operative plan for its production.
The application of the co-opera
io principle to merchandizing has
been successful, aside from tho in
xpensiveness of the system, be
cause the morchants, by co-opera
ting together, put np prices, and
there is profit in almost every arti
'ethat is dealt in. If the mer
chant would sell pure goods at a
fair profit there would be no neces
"ty for a co-operative store, but
this he will not do, and self protec
tion forces the customers to com
bine for the establishment of a store
Bpon a different system and which
ill protect their interests. Mer
chandizing on the co-operative plan
la practical and necessary because
there is a universal demand for r
tides that make up the necessaries
or life a demand that is known to
t, and which justifies the astab-
'ishment of stores to meet it. It is
this demand that enablos a Co
operative Association to rely upon
certain results in estabPsbiog
Blre, and if the demand doea not
ezists in a particular locality, or I
eive particulars of the affair in ether who preceded me, that ours is the
or . I , e C .V!Vi nil the
The defaulting Treasurer great wunum i.u.u
industries annuauy receive uic
cruits not only do we constitute
the great conservative reservoir
which serves to keep society in or
der but we take care ot tne nocio
and herds. The whole animal crea
tion depends upon our toil and our
are and it is quite as mucn 01 a
task to rear them as it is to nurture
our own species. Herein we nave
a labor and a responsibility that oo
not come within the purview of any
other industry; and when listening
to remarks such as were uttered by
the gentleman who preceded me, i
feel that the orange, m us pi ug .,
is indeed leaving the imprint of its
influence upon our own times. Ap
We have, this year, added to our
numbers more than one thousand
members. One thousand iarmers
who had never before come within
our Grange have agreed to its se
cret formula and are satisneu uu
pleased with its purposes, we pro
pose to go on increasing, and we
propose, moreover, as we progress,
i JT-o K.-Mlu everv exigency that
to uicei avy j - m "
eQm. wv in the beerinniner of ,n Jn;nr nnthintr and We are entering upon
. 1 A 1 . I. I J- . . t .
winter and greaso tnem up wnu acted as
little kerosene, as the great manu
facturers do their machinery, we
would have to take them out to the
hone factory in the spring. Laugh
ter 1 We are forced t go steadily
on. it we suuuiu gw
a new
membering that work performed e Y J . in;mical to our
Til. - 1 : :, nnfthlinT. I P'""J
rent in Ho n? noiumif auu 1 : . . - , w in a tuuu mwwYi "" 1' i -. i
o c. i i i ...k trmi an annnnai l i o
though the work of the 7 T de- and Jto toil
laKvl-' -
1 rrai
Philadelphia has a co-operative
store with sales now amounting to
$250,000 per annum.and paying 6 per
cent dividends to the shareholders.
It was begun eight years ago by
several men who worked in a facto
ry and thought it would be a good
idea to cheapen provisions Dy uuj
ing in lots and then dividing. They
fnrmed a little society, ana kcFi
their stock in a room of a member's
residence. Next they hired a small
store, and from that the business
has grown to its present importance.
special to the New
Orleans Picayune says the vote m the
w,Qa nn th civil-service-reiuiui un
was divided as follows: Affirmative
mi ttormhHrtins. 50 Democrats and
XUU Airv m . 4
2 Greenbackers ; negative
crats, 5 Republicans and 1 Green-
w -cker. The speciat says .
i Wnft have supported and
voted for the bill, a large number
..vf.t in private talk as really
!CT" tninr. The bill is cer-
SSwhSSi !t, ..he Kepubli-u-v,;
tKat it retains their party
CO. LIS UCUD I t T - J .
in office, no matter how the President
ial election may go, and the Democrats
tn.t. it leaves the .executive f ?
removal wholly unchanged.
ftm . T i-tn riomocrat sava that
x lie i uuwiw - ' "
IA Bolton, has resigned his pwitio!
xi a Xr tt il.vlltxrp. and vill sku
in uie j--' -v -wD-i . .
ui n;n.pn which i located m
New Mexico.
Grange was fully completed, as success
.. . i j i ! volve UDOn
ihoir i-iwn iniecr ana views ui liic i i
Grange had been accomplished.
Office they wanted, office they got,
and supposed they had nothing
mrwre tr do. Their dbin? nothinsr
Ttranrb. Saratoira. or Cape May for urriri Grencre into decline.
lust one Summer and iiave a good
How can a Granere keep up its
j. . .. .:ui., . " . .
time thougn we migut puosij- prosperity, or even sustain orainary
borrow the money to go and neg- jife when its Master seeks no high
lect to gather forage and make pro- er ambition than simply to learn to
vision for our stock tnrougn tne open jts meetings somewhat in con
winter, such as the present ontv form;ty with the regulations? call
where would the country get its the Order to business, and then in
beef and the actual necessaries of 5re whether the labors are corn-
life? ... pleted, and the uverseer repnes m
These considerations sliouid in- the affirmative? Does thi infuse
cite on the part of every other class interest when all know that no
of people a desire for our prosper- work whatever has been done at
ity. I know that the best aeinds of th-s sitting, except to open and call
the country are witn us, aim i the Urder to Dusmess, auu me --- friendlv wav, and
are many of our public men whom Grange ls then closedf Assuredly, P J for.
every ratron. me
grand success of the past year
should inspire every member to re
newed effort. We can readily add
rwi members to our Order in
Pennsvlvania duriner the comm
year. If every Grange will on
add five or ten it will make many
more than the number named
iTaid eacUv we can do this! Let
everv member call on his neighbor
and have a friendly talk over the
matter. You will be surprised how
nearlv vour views are alike, and
before you leave be will be ready,
with his wife, to sien your papers.
Then there is vour friend who has
been harrassed by same unpleasant
affair and has become delinquent
He will come back it you will ap
..:.! infnrpctt.
Whoever thinks about it at all
will agree that this cry. of "combi
nation" is altogether a new thing at
the South, liut so naiur.uy w
trade combinations toliow iraoc
in a cause we
is pleasant. Sociability in the suo
ordinate Grange offers the opportu-
. t
nity for the cultivation ot traternai
aflection. and. united in a true broth-
erhood, unity of action will he eay, j .m that it w:n not surprise
" and improvement being the motive cuye Qf of othe
."f for unity, every subject affecting the Jhiations following the devel
f welfare of our members and our ;of new industries at.th,
we will not forget. Among tnem all wili retarn home realizing tnat
is the chief magistrate of this State, notnine has been done at that ses
,h.,m we are indebted tor his jj0 one has attempted to
presence on every occasion when teach anything, and no one has
we have met and for his words of learned anything. Some may have
Ar and his comprehension of the rrflv.ud two. five ot more m:les and
;m andnurooseswenavemvicw. ,half a dav-s time, some maae
r- , . c I . j
Tt is men such as no wno are u. w other sacrifices in oroer to anenu,
r a i I i. . j
govern. Appiauoc.j , but see no goou n,miiv-
i 1 .1 MHHannf1 1 t t I J 1 ! i a ev.
Patrons, iaoie auu tunvv.., - i what eise oui uesi.no wuiu -
...:n nt occupy vour aueniioii -.-.-j? Kducation IS lie corner-
i..i.u-, T annreciate the impor- j
ef Ana iinnTI MV hich we are to build
country is before us for investiga
tion and analysis through the search
ing power of thought, to be organ
ized into methods for the promotion
of the general good. Selfishness
should have no place here. Faults
and failings must De viewed in tne
Heht of rudimental detects, to oe
outgrown and correctca. r-ei
feel that in the lirange nan we are .u
the 1f,vinr nresence of those whose
sole desire is to help us to a higher
standpoint, from which we may
view a erlonous universe, reau"g
pment or, new iuuuv. . .
South. This section nas simp.
oKead of it the same or hKe expen-
ences that have marked the course
of manufacturers at the t-asi. x uc. e
has always been, there mu suu
tinue to be warfare between the
producer and the manuiaciurei,
there is continuous rivalry between
manufacturers themselves.
same difficulties that seem to be at
tending the development of the
cotton seed industry n.jr
pected to a greater degree m an
r . i - J-GA Interests
other new ana buucuu ....r-
mi 'I J.. m nnmre. r. . .l; I r ., - , ir f
arises, l nis iu - Tance 0f maintaining m ; the future destiny nu wciiaic
what is it, farmers, that stanos . d j know that if-you would the Order. Education in the Grange
what is the evil irom tt tion to lt our sue- thf! convevine of Y information
seek relief ? It the K nM,j be better assured. True frf.m one to another, as it may be
trot to mention the children
young folks. They wish to come,
and will if you truly encourage
them. How many are over four-
vMn the . reauired aze, that
liquid reioice to be enrolled as l a
trnet There is not a school with
equal advantages to. be found in the
country where tuinon is
onlv $1.20 a vear.
This is a 'comparatively leisure
time of the vear among iarmers,
.irhen thev have time to meet to-
e- . , c . otner new &uu uuuv....--
the fact that it is composed of par- " 1 . for the future to fol
licles arranged and to be re arranged SUCcession throughout
by spiritual P?wer, ana tnai w. c Southern States.
.H,tTiina iTPii villi ll.. jauuiiim ...
UlUliivtu"11'1'- I 1 (- ,
or unending lm
low- Pe
our way
which we
.t -J 4-W.a. faclr iif the
same tnat nas muc -farmer
an onerous one in all ages ot
civilization. It is the evil of unequal
representation and its immediate
and consequent result, unequal tax
ation. It is the story of every gov
ernment that has had on existence,
that its burdens have been thrown
upon the agricultural class, and that
this class has been unreasonably and
unfairly dealt with. This has We i
i-...r the force of law. It has
been done arbitrarily and by no bet- j
ter warrant than
fields susceptible
nrnve merit.
I . . . :r-. T ot
a rrrirniiriire is in lis iiiiiul.t.
iiiiii.. -
na exneriment. note results and com
" 1 . - .. j i
note in tne orange, auu i
every meeune put wwctus v
value on the lirange recora ior iu
ture reference. Domestic economy,
improved methods in houseneiu
A A- w w -
. 1 A
manaprement. the culture
of fruits
We took
gether and talk together oyer the ' amusements for the
best interests oi ineir uuiuu.
u.i made mistakes
u.. - .mn amount of dues from
our members and before we knew
it our treasury was bankrupt We
v,,.r. not the power to recuperate
uvmintr taxe but we have feon
enough to borrow money to
pay the debt I tugttei j and
r J .a ..I. -a. ... KrtlTfiW. i
all 7 71:11 vvc i".-
1 . ......a '
1 .,, ,vner. ;es this vear 1 1 : everv Grange meettne; when
WjM'I ! Ui-llal it.i' -i J Iii5aiv.v o .
il n;ive !- u
to re
But I
. Dormant Granges should now be
reorganized, where nine men ana
four women can be found who are
i;rnii ta be reinstated. Where a
Grange can not be re or-
. . 1 A. At
:.. . . f . i A-A-t.r Ar thAfa ir not auuiuti
member. , W wiTa . V.TZ h " convenient, those wno wish
of the Order proviae ior - r'rTheir connection with the
1 1 i. nvi. - ----- ;
not exceeding three in nm-
- 1 1
her from anv one d oma an t u range,
. J r. . J.U
t-areitre a !-tate JT.raTir?e ucmii
gathered up by the members from
time tm time, and taken to Grange
meetings, and there turned into
common property, then considered,
discussed and matured for practical
and mora avatiaoie to every
:L: c..w, ;nate Grange, who is to retain their connecnon
'. - "I me wa r , - .
, upon the tact tnat jthe raain educator, ana wnose uuiy y,
,h ,us,uds of dol- ever timewiil permit, to mtroduce mjre ?-"-- Secretary pline in well calucated t9 induce aq 1
useful and practcai qursiiuns, icnu ( t-rvrt . .
nny nlans to increase happiness
J I o.rthu tO
evervwnere. are suimcvio """;.-
' -a. L ' ikfiia
be considered ana pur. m
bv the Grange.
. J.J anarv
it is recoramenucu -' -'
member of the Grange keep a note
book always within reach, to con
tain all ' suitable material for the
flrano-e recerd. to be put put m
oroper form, read in the Grange
and made a part of its reach. Prac-
t?-e makpR nerfect. and this disci
" A
,iy ana oynuue - y . : humble
that by which it ' Jars surplus, 4 regu
There is no
way known how this difficulty may
be evaded One thing, however,
may be regulated, it is tne ouccr
ness it sometimes occasions. Mod
eration and compromise are the
only safe means oy wnicn mew un,
familiar questions may De aajusiea,
Tt is 'a bad time for combinations
bevond all doubt, but it is .also not
a good time ior a iac. u a
compromise on the part of the pro
ducer. It will require the com
bined labors of both the producer
and manufacturer tq open these
new industries and bring them to a
healthy maturity.-
The cotton crop of Mississippi in
1S82 was 971,794 bales.'
Louisiana will make more sugar
this year than ever betore.
rvua vv.n,. cotton mmx, .-
sisslppi, pay their employees
000 per monin

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