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The Fort Worth gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.) 1891-189?, May 28, 1891, Image 12

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86090803/1891-05-28/ed-1/seq-12/

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P ipb calculated to make n popular lies in
ihe fact thai over patron is enabled to do
his own talking
According to the 1ail Mall Budget the
telephone is being extensively applied to a
new use in London They arc putting it up
in hotels and private residences extending
to the various rooms and to the servants
hall Comparatively little extra expense is
involved as the ordinary bell wires aio
used without alteration A telephone
mouthpiece is provided at each end and if
you wish to summon a servant you ring the
bell as usual and then speak your message
over the telephone The advantage is
plain It saves all the time that would be
consumed in a journey to learn what was
sv anted This is an age in which an tiling
calculated to save time is regarded as of
much importance
A popular scientific writer says the ony
proper time for one to cat is when he feel
a craving for food Hunger is the inner
admonisher that tells us when there is
something minting within the body and
that ive must supply the need If we eat
when this admonisher does not tell us to do
so we encumber the body with something it
should not have This kind of eating is
what makes us sick and therefore as
intelligent beings we ought not to act so
foolishly as to eat when we are not hungry
and simply for the reason that the food is
agreeable to the taste Many people com
mit a error by almost forcing food
upon sick persons The tirst thing thought
of in case of sickness is 10 fix up some kind
of appetising food that the Hrson can eat
This is all wrong If the sick person has
no appetite that condition grows out of the
that the stomach does not need food
aid should not take ii
Vou will often iinti the foregoing idea
ssell backed up in your own personal exper
JeiK c There may be certain goods that do
not airee uith ou onliiiarilly and hence
vii are under the necessity of abstaining
iron th m Hut a tune may ione when
vou liml som sclf actually craving that par
teiilar and usually hurtful species of food
On such an occasion vou can partake of it
1nel ss illiout an unpleasant results what
ever whereas had you partaken of it in Hie
ai tie of suck craving it would have made
yon sn U The craving was due to the fact
that sour organization was ie need of the
eminent supplied bs that pjrMcular food
O course you will understand that craving
a locil as such and desiring to partake of it
merf Is because ol its
ssulek different thinf
agreeable taste are
Marrying Ladies who Enjoy
a Reputation
Interesting Gossip About the InUiiosvn
teller Halves of Some Wcll Kiio it
WomenThe ulunhle Assistance
elidercd SIen Women
ICopvright tsl rights resprveal
1- sisnuisiK i rsiiuni
Hon ever unanimously the whole world
niis aeni that marriage is i failure no
1 bought f ul obscrser can doubt for a moment
that it exerts a profound intlucnce upon the
life and character of all who enter into the
mati imoiiial relation The proverb nays
that 111 in is what woman makes him and
the converse of that preposition is equally
true for woman is certainly what man
makes her It is lias often been asserted
that women nre always secondary to men
thit without the directing and cunt rolling
influence of the male sex she is like a ship
at sea without rudder or compass when be
set bs heavy gilcs and that even those
women svho have made a brilliant mark in
t lie world and have paddled their own canoe
oosvn the stream of time without once ask
ing the tyrant man to lend a hand at the
nar such women for example as loan of
Are Catherine of luia Queen Klizabetlt
mid always had some man as
1 ne true source of their inspiration While
sseuias not be piepired to fully ii dorse
his extreme vievs there nevertheless w
niains the interesting fact that the great
malorits of the women whom the world
cils great has e at some period of
tin ir Uses been closely asso
ciated svith some man either father
brother loser or husband who
ha- exerted a powerful influence upon their
career II uv much that is of value in the
writings of eorge Kllioit do sve oss e to the
long association of that gifted woman ssith
eorge Losses How innyn of the most sen
suous romantic passages in the iios clsof
corgc Sand do ss e oise to the influence of
her chcrami the dreamy spirituelle
h new of these considerations all that
jiei iins to the husbands and close male
Irierds of famous women becomes frought
with an interest quite as strong at that per
taining to any personal trait or peculiarity
of those women themselves On the same
principle that David Copperlields aunt
Heisy Trot wood was constantly telling him
uht his nun existent sister Jetsv would
have ihoueht and said and done if she had
esvr been born it may not be considering
too curiously lo ask what any of the noted
married women of our day would have been
if they had never married and if they had
weded some man other than the present
The unknown husbands of famous women
are undoubted a class of men to whom the
world ossc much foi in many cases all
that has been best and noblest in the career
and character of the wife is directly at
tributable to the nusbaud as we shall see
in considering the question of who and
s hat are the marital partners of some of
the best known women of our time
Probably the best knossn and really the
best of American writers of fiction is Ma
rion Harland who in private life is Mrs
Tcrhune Her novels are not plotless
prosy records of uninteresting cvery day
es euts as Mr W D Host ells tells us all
nusels shouid be They are not didactic
essas s meant to air the pet hobbies of the
writer They are interesting stories svith
well conceived plots skillfully wrought out
Their characters are real men and svomen
such as ss e all ithout any labored
sef evident effort to
the tend to make us better for having read
1 hein for they are ulsvays pure healthful
and helpful
Marion Harland is the svife of a clergs
111111 a man of scholarly attainments and
singularly beautiful Christian character
Though she made her debut as a nos elist
loni before she kness him her first story
Alone svas published at her fathers ex
pense and made instantaneous and immense
success aftrr many prominent and pre
sumably intelligent publishers had refused
i when she svas but eighteen years of age
yet the high moral tone of her writings
became much more marked after her mar
riage and is unquestionably duo in a great
measure to the influence of her clerical hus
It svas on Christmas Eve away back in
the very early fifties that she plighted her
trothto Mr Tcrhune He svas then singular
ly tall and slender persons might
base called him Fortunately for
him his good svife unlike most svomen
of literary ability had been trained to be a
model housekeeper and svas a thorough
mistress of every thing that tends to make
home brightest best and most attractive
Khe svas a good soek darncr pie baker and
pudding maker as well as a good story
writer Under the benign influence of
her faultless cooking Mr Terhunes lank
form soon began to assume that plump and 1
incising rotundity which has characterized
it these many years He svas so well pleased
with the effect of his svifes good house
kc ping upon himself that lie iinred her 10
imiwrther knoss ledgc of household matters
to other svomen through the medium of the
press and it i therefore to him that Amer
ican women are indebted for those admir
able articles on household matters which
for some years past Mrs Terhune has been
contributing to nesvspapers and periodicals
The husband of Mrs Frances Hodgson
Burnett is just such a man as one ssould
fancy the authoress of Little Lord Faun
tleroy would marry He is a large hearted
genial man with an intense fondness for
children fully equaliug in that respect that
famous lecturer and tras cler Citizen
George Francis Train He is a physician
by profession and a specialist in diseases
of the eye His tender gentleness of man
ner and his great natural fondness for
them have made him peculiarly successful
in cases of this kind among children He
has contributed largely to the literature of
iiis profession and his opinion on all ques
tions pertaining to his specialty has great
weight among his professional brethren
He has performed many of the most difficult
and dangerous operations upon the eye
svith very great success and has been
especially fortunate in obtaining brilliant
results in a great majority of the cases of
cataract upon svhich he has 0ei ated the
operation for cataract being one of the most
important and exacting upon the eye sur
geon s skill as readers ol ilkie Collins
novel of
roon jiiss
svell know His fame as an oculist has
extended far beyond his Washington home
untii lie has become favorably known in
that connection not only throughout our
osvn country but even abroad Jt svill
thus be seen that far from being merely
Mrs Burnetts husband Dr Burnett has
a very distinct individuality and a useful
and distinguished career of his osvn
The most voluminous ssriter of fiction
that eser lived is unquestionably the lady
who for more than thirty years has written
over the signature of Miss M K Braddon
Not even the elder Dumas can compete ss ith
her in point of quantity More
nosels have poured from her prolific
pen besides short stories and sketches that
are simply numberless Even the seemingly
unparalleled literary activity of Mrs uli
phant must pale its ineffectual lire in com
parison ss ith tliat of Miss M K Braddon
In private life this ss onderfully indus
trious svriter is the svife of an Irish gentle
man named Maxwell a big bluff sandy
iiaircd son of the Kmerald Isle whose ap
pearance strongly suggests that of C01
OFipp the Irish ndventurer in W S Cil
berts i omedy of -Tom Cobb for svhich
part Col Maxsveil for as Mr Toots sas
of apt Cuttle he is a colonel in 1 dont
knosv exactly sshat but its of no conse
quence ssould have a perfect make up
without changing his dress or appearance
one iota 1 never knesv a man in whom
sshat are generally regarded as the salient
points of the Irish character were more dis
tinctly noticeable Like Itory OMoore he
delights to tease and his svife is usually the
good natured victim of this amiable weak
ness Mrs Maxsveil has been often ac
cused by adverse critics of being a constant
imitator of Ouida As a consequence the
jnention of the latter writers name has an
effect upon Miss Braddon somesshat similar
to that produced on a bull b the display of
a red flag Col Maxwell therefore delights
to praise Ouida in his svifes hearing and to
loudly lament the fact that other people do
not write like her He takes a special
pleasure in commending Ouidas personal
charms constantly dilating in his rich
Irish brogue upon her ross lin eye
He is remarkable for his many brilliant
scintillations of keen Irish wit of svhich
many amusing anecdotes are related I
once hoard a lady remark to him that she
thought the Irish had great lack of polish
Lack of polish is it niaam ho replied
if thats thrue faith its not for
the lack of hard knocks
The husband of
mis svnnitrEi vmrox
commonly knosvn to his friends as -Bob
Wilcox is a big athletic looking man svith
a brosvu mustache Though wholly unable
to soar ss ilh his svife to the lofty heights of
the blue empsrcau and to feel all the -paroxysms
thrills kisses and blisses
which she has so graphically depicted
in her Poems of Passion being a plain
manufacturer he has evidently
exerted a soothing influence upon Ella and
has considerably restrained the exuberance
of hersoung feelings as her ss ritings have
not contained nearly so much of the poe
try of passion since her marriage as they
did before Mr Wilcox is not at ail lite
rary but like Mrs IX Plemberin Dombey
and Son he pretends to be and that does
quite as svell
Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward who is
said to receive larger peculiar rewards for
her literary toil than any other lemale
writer in America is married to a young
clergyman some twenty years her junior
In such cases the husband is not likely to
exert any very marked influence upon the
character and career of his svife as they
has e been thoroughly formed and estab
lished years before the marriage takes
place Hosves er brilliant the Hev Mr
Wards natural abilities may be he is as
yet rather too young to have produced by
them anmarked effect upon the age and
time in svhich he lises
If sve may judge by the amount of mari
tal misery among members of the dramatic
piofession as ventilated in the nesvspapers
the conclusion is forced upon us that life
upon the stage is not conducive to domes
tic felicity Actors and actresses seem to
drop into matrimony and out of it again
svith as much facility as Mr Silas Wegg
dropped into poetry for the entertain
ment of his patron Mr Noddy Buftin Ses
eral of the prominent actresses of our day
has e had at least tsvo or three husbands
Prominent among these is Maggie Mitch
ell who though nosv nearly sixty years of
age having been bom in 1S2 still continues
to personate little girls svith the same svin
ning smile and merry childish voice that
svon the hearts of our grandsircs uearly
half a century ago Maggie has been twice
married Her first venture ss as Henry I
Paddock a scion of a wealthy and aristo
cratic Southern family svhose property ss as
completely sss ept away by the civil ss ar
He svas keeping a hat store in Toledo Ohio
a year or tsso after the termination of the
sectional unpleasantness when he svon the
heart or the actress and married her For
a time the course of their love seemed to
run smooth Paddock gave up selling hats
and aced as his svifes business manager
Then a change came oer the spirit of
their dream and in IsSO a dis orec court re
stored Miss Mitchell to single blessedness
svhereupon she married her present hus
band Charles Abbott a man nearly twenty
years younger than herself Abbott is a
handsome fellosv svith the figure of an ath
lete and his sudden marriage to Miss
Mitchell after a comparatively brief ac
quaintance is a stiiklug illustration of the
truth of Fieldings saying that handsome
young men are to middle aged women as
LioiiTiti gas to crspownni
Though not evincing any great talent as
an actor Abbott affords fair support to his
wife in the not very exacting juvenile parts
of the plays which maire up tier repertoire
That Juno like ss oman Fanny Daven
port like Maggie Mitchell is rejoicing
in her second husband Her first husband
ss as Ed Price a handsome young stock ac
tor whom she engaged as her leading juve
nile man of her company in the season of
IsiT TS and svho obtained a divorce from
his first svife a pretty little soubrette
named Katie Baker in order that he might
marry Miss Das eiqiort With the latter
lady Ho Used in seeming content for several
years but in the season of lbsS SU she ob
tained a divorce from him iu order to marry
her leading man Melbourne McDowell a
very pleasant handsome man younger than
herself and an actor of much greater abil
ity than her first husbaud
F C Herriott the husband of Clara
Morris was a merchant in Xesv York at
the time of his marriage and gave up his
avocation to become his svifes business
manager He is somesvhat cold and
reserved in manner but has a kind and
generous heart that endears him greatly to
all svho knosv him
Margaret Mathers husband is a Byronic
looking German violinist svith long black
hair svorn in a high pompadour His name
is Emil Haberkorn and he leads the orches
tra at the Duquesne theater in Pittsburg
Miss Matner has qeen separated from lain
forsometime past and is uosv seeking a
Geoffrkt Willisiox Christine
Ladies who Desire to Attain an
Healthy Old Age Advised
Tiio Worlds Most Distinguished Physi
cians Tell the Ladies How to he Fair
Jat anil Forty Ice Water anil
Furnace Heat Condemned
Copyright 1B91 for the Gazette and All
rights reacrvedj
Every woman svould like to live to be
fair fat and foriy if she could A medical
friend of mine a distinguished physician
of a Western city recently made those
words svhich I have placed at the head of
this article the subject of a lecture to a
class of ladies and before preparing his
subject matter he ss rote to seven of the
svorlds most distinguished medical
specialists in all that ertains to
svomen and requested them to state what
in their opinion it is most essential for a
svomau to do and to avoid in order to some
day attain that enviable condition fair
fat and forty Recognizing the interest
and value of their replies to all woman
kind I have requested him to favor me
svith them and I am thus able to present
to my readers the f ollosving most interest
ing symposium
Ceoi fkey CnmsTiNE
Dr Barton Cooke Hirst professor of ob
stetrics and diseases of women in the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania Philadelphia
boldly attacks tsvo of our peculiarly Ameri
dan institutions as svill be seen belosv
its Sown Ses extkentii St I
PiiusiiKLPiiis Is May 11 IS91 f
Dear Doctor In brief the follosving
are in my opinion important details to be
attended to by all svomen svho desire to lie
some day fair fat and forty A sponge
bath should be taken every morning ss ith
cold or cool water standing the svhile in
warm water up to the calf of the leg Even
a sveak constitution can endure this A
vigorous rubbing svith a coarse tosvel
should The breakfast should be a
light one
The room in svhich the individual passes
most of her time should not be kept too hot
svith furnace air An open fireplace is a
blessing that should be more generally ap
preciated I believe in a late dinner about
t p in because the family can alss ays then
find plenty of time lor it and rest after
ward The meal itself should consume an
hour at least the time being taken up not
by the quantity of food devoured but by
slosv eating and it is for this reason that
sersing the chief meal iu four or lis e
courses is so general in Europe and is be
coming so in this country Much ice water
is decidedly injurious I agree svith Mrs
Stanley the svife of the African explorer
svho said recently that she found the middle-aged
and elderly svomen in America in
ferior physically and in appearance to
ss omen of the same class in England a
fact mainly attrioutable to hot furnace air
in the houses and the enormous consump
tion of ice ssater
In regard to exercise I think a ss oman
should make it a rule to be upon her feet
in the open air a certain length of time
every day no matter what the weather
As a rule especially for a married woman
a short nap or rest upon a sofa for half an
hour or an hour late in the afternoon svill
keep a woman fresh for the evening and
prevent fatigue pains in the back etc
Obstetrically and gymecologically the
follosving points are of great importance
The svoman svho has just undergone the
pangs of maternity should not leave her
IxmI under the most favorable circumstances
in less than tss o sveeks and should not go
dosvn stairs for a month During the peri
odical recurence of certain physiological
conditions a woman should endeavor to
keep a happy mean between invalidism and
health not passing the period in the house
upon a bed or sofa and yet on the other
hand guarding against going out iu ss et
weather dancing etc
Hoping this svill anssver your purpose
belie e me very sincerely yours
Barton Cooke Hirst
Dr D Tod Gilliam professor of ob-
stetrics and gynacology in the Starling
medical college of Columbus Ohio ss rites
as follows
fO XonTn Fourth Street I
CoiiMisus Ohio May ID lbil f
Mr Dear Doctor The first essential for
the ss oman ss ho is ambitious to bo fair fat
and forty is a good digestion svhich can be
fostered by plain simple diet regular meals
and no overindulgence She should have
but fesv articles on her table at any one
meal but those articles should be varied
frequently to suit her varying inclinations
She should observe the utmost regularity in
all her habits of diet eating sleeping etc
She should wholly avoid stimulants and
stimulating condiments as svell as stimu
lating conditions of life She should also
as oid all sensual emotions and emotions of
anger These flush the face and over dis
tend the capillaries losver the tone of the
circulation and gis e a haggard and wrinkled
expression Flushing from exercise and
pure exhilarating emotions are conducive
to beauty
Fresh air sunlight and out door exercise
ncatly litting but not tight
clothing and healthful occupation alter
nated svith healthful amusement all these
things tend tosvard fair fat and forty The
ss oman svho desires to attain that condition
must not use much soap and must not ss asli
her face in blood svarm svater She should
not bathe more than three times a sveek
unless her circumstances render more fre
quent bathing absolutely necessary for pur
poses of cleanliness
Above all to sum up I svould say to the
women trying to attain to fair fat anil forty
keep your head cool your feet svarui and
dry and your boss els regular Avoid svor
rying about anything great or small and
maintain a clear conscience and a
disposition Yours very truly
D Tod Gilliam
Dr William E Ashton demonstrator of
obstetrics and diseases of svomen in Jeffer
son medical college Philadelphia thus ex
presses himself
iSS South Fifteenth Street
Dear Doctor
I should divide the life of the woman anx
ious to live to be fair fat and forty into
four periods namely Approaching woman
hood prior to marriage married life and
old age In all of these periods she should
be careful to avoid everything that a little
careful consideration svould show her to bo
detrimental to health and she should be
particular to observe all rules that common
sense dictate as conducive to her physical
mental and moral well being To clothing
especially she should give attention being
careful to regulate it in everything in ac
cordance with the dictates of health and
not of fashion Very truly yours
William E Ashton
Dr E C Dudley professor of gynaecol
ogy in the Chicago medical college thinks
that those svho seek to evade the responsi
bilities of maternity as so many American
svomen are nosv believed to do from the
large and constantly increasing number of
childless marriages stand no chance of
ever reaching fair fat and forty as may
be seen from his letter
70 Monroe Street Chicago May 11 1SS1
Dear Doctor A svoman who cultivates a
clear conscience and a benevolent disposi
tion and avoids cant has taken a long step
in the direction that leads to fair fat and
Some of the best physical specimens of
women at the age of forty those who are
beautifully fair and fat as ss ell with whom
I am acquainted have taken care to marry
clean healthy men and have brought up
-- kzZw4r
large families of children The svoaran
svho shirks maternity will not be fair and
fat if she lives to oc forty On the con
trary she svill most probably be as
sveazened and dried up when she reaches
that age as any of those unfortunate single
svomen whom the svorld calls old maids
How to be fair fat ami forty may be
generally summed up by the words elim
ination and nutrition That is svomen
desiring to attain to fair fat and forty
should be careful throughout life to has e
all the elimiuatory functions of nature by
svhich the svaste products of the system are
gotten rid of properly performed and to
have tlicmsels es always svell nourished
Exercise bathing judicious and regular
habits of eating fasting and sleeping mod
eration in the use of ssveets and an abun
dance of pure fresh air svould all be in
cluded in the proper observance of elimi
nation and nutrition because they are es
sential to them Yours truly
K C Dcdiet
Dr Thomas Opie professor of gynaecol
ogy in the college of physicians and sur
geons Baltimore justly attacks some evils
of modern society svhich are directly inimi
cal to the attainment by our women of that
enviable condition fair fat and forty
College or Phvsicisns and Serceons I
IKltiuuRE Jin May 10 lsDl
Dear Doctor There is but little chance
for our young svomen to ever be fair fat
and forty so long as they continue to be
impressed by the jiernicious cry of a higher
and still higher education for svomen just
when they are merging from girlhood to
womanhood say betsveen the ages of four
teen and seventeen This is the age of all
others at svhich the unnatural strain and
nervous excitement of hard study should
be avoided by every girl svho hopes to be
fair fat and forty
But not only does modern civilization
demand that a girl shall be subjected to
the close confinement and rigorous study of
ihe modern school but it also forces her
into the unhealthy auditoriums and ball
rooms inseparable from fashionable diver
Our so called civilization is principally
responsible for defeating Gods intention
that every ss oman should lisc to be fair
lat and forty It grossly outrages and
violates natures plan that svomau and
men too should live an out door life by day
and shouid rest at night It is resixmsible
for the wicked habit of svomen and children
spending their Uses in houses and densely
crosvded tosvns and cities We seem to be
growing steadily wiser and sveaker and
and until sve correct that those of our
svomen svho attain to fair fat and forty
must be the exception and not the rule
The ss oman svho desires to be fair fat
and forty should marry for science con
firms natural laws in the viesv that mar
riage is or rather ought to be a conservator
01 health and a promoter of longevity It
seems to be a lasv of nature that svomen
should undergo the physiological changes
incident to maternity once iu three years
during that period of her life in svhich it is
possible for her to do so and if she does
not she is liable to base fibroid tumors
The svomau svho hopes to be fair lat and
forty should nourish her osvn infant at her
oss n breast asnature svhich is simply the
good svill of God expressed in facts in
tended she should Xo mother should re
pudiate nature and substitute art iu the
form of a nursing bottle
The svoman svho lis es to be fair fat and
forty by observing natures lass s should
live far beyond that period and pass out of
life at last as unconscious of her death as
her birth for the cycle of life completed
the Using being simply sleepsinto death of
when nature has her ss ay Thanks to our
ads anced civilization ss e cannot have this
truo euthanasia in its most perfect form
but sve can axproximate it- much more
nearly than sve do Fraternally and sin
cerely yours Thomas OriE
Dr F Winckel professor of gynaecology
and director of the Koyal University Clinfe
for svomen in Munich gives his ideas on
the subject under consideration us follosvs
Dear Doctor If our svomen would live
to be fair fat and forty they must first o
all become better informed in all that per
tains to hygiene and the lasvs of life With
out a practical knosvledgeof these lasvs they
cannot obserse them as they must do if they
ss ould live to be fair fat and forty In
stead of so called accomplishments and
rudimentary branches that they are
taught in school girls should be taught to
knosv themselves and the great lasvs that
govern their being that they may not
through ignorance trifle svith thoe lasvs
and thus entail upon themsels es years of
misery and wretchedness Then our svomen
may lis e to be fair fat and forty Yours
truly F Winckel
Dr T Gajllard Thomas professor of dis
eases of svomen in the college of physicians
and surgeons Xesv York and surgeon to
the Nesv York state ssomans hospital lays
dosvn the follosving admirable precepts to
aid ss omen iu living to be fair fat and forty
Eat fresh animal food three times a day
and as much other nutritious food such as
bread crushed wheat potatoes rice eggs
etc as you can
Betss eeu breakfast and the midday meal
the midday and evening meal and upon re
tiring at night drink a tumbler of milk or
a teaenpful of beef tea or of mutton or
chicken broth
Every morning upon riising and every
night upon retiring take a sponge bath of
warm ss ater strongly impregnated svith ta
ble salt about a teacuptul to an ordinary
basin of water Then rub thoroughly and
briskly with a rough tosvel the knitted
tape tosvel is the best
After each bath exercise for ten minutes
briskly svith the dumb bells the rowing
machine or light calisthenio rods breathing
during the time freely and as deeply as
Endeavor to sleep for nine hours every
night and for one hour at mid day every
day remose the outer elothing lie quietly
in bed remain entirely svithout occupation
anil if possible sleep
Avoid constipation even for a single day
Be sure that the clothing be loosely svorn
and that all the sveight of the skirts bo car
ried upon the shoulders and not upon the
The dress adopted by the women of our
times may be very graceful and becoming
it may possess the great advantages of de
veloping the beauties of the figure and con
cealing its defects but it certainly is con
ducive to disease and proves not only an ex
citing but a predisposing cause For the
proper performance of the function of res
piration an entire freedom of action should
be gisen to the chest and more especially is
this needed at the base of the thorax oppo
site the attachment of the important res
piratory muscles the diaphram The habit
of contracting the body at the ss aist by
tight clothing confines this part as if by
splints Indeed it accomplishes just svhat
the surgeon does who bandages the chest
for the fractured rib svith the intent of
limiting thoracic and substituting abdomi
nal respiration T Gaillapd Thomas
Hush fathers abroad he has made him a camp
And nosv he is lying asleep
With the sky for his roof and the moon for his
And around him are lying his sheep
While over their heads in the skys azure range
See the man in the moon and his sheep
Sleep sleep
There are sheep on the earth there are sheep
in the sky
But no one can think it is strange
When they know that the Man in the Moon
has sheep
And the skyland up there is his range
Sleep sleep
The Man In the Moon is a herder dear
And the svooly white clouds are his sheep
The little lainb ran by his mother all day
He tired of his four little feet
And now he is lying beside her asleep
Under the dusky meiiquite
While throuffh the blue pastures of heaven
The moon man is drifting his sheep
Sleep Bleep
Shut up your tsvo pretty eyes
For the Lobo might come
From his haunts in the bills
And hosrl at a baby that cnes
Sleep sleep
The Man in the Moos la a herder sweet
And the troolly srhlte clouds are his sheep
Alice Macgowan
pcei msfitv
Ily the OnTcrnnr of the State ol Texas
Whereas the Tsventy econd Legislature at its
late regular biennial eaMoa which adjourned
on the 13thday of April A D lbSl passed the
follosving Use Joint Resolutions in see manner
prescribed by the Constitution of this Statepro
posing certain amendments to the Cois tltution
of this State to svt
IS J It Xo Ii Joint resolution amending
Section 4 Article 6 of the Constitution of the
State of Texas
Section 1 He it resolved by the Legislature
of the State of Texas That section -I of article
6 of the Constitution of the State of Texas be
so amended as to hereafter read as folIosv
Section 4 In all elections by the people the
vote shall be by ballot and the Legislature
shall provide for the numbering of tickets and
make such other regulations as may be neces
sary to detect and punish fraud and
the purity of the ballot box and the Legisla
ture may proside by lasv for the registration of
all soters in all cities containing a population of
ten or more
Sec 2 That theCosernorof this State shall
issue his proclamation ordering an election to
be held on the i ecoud Tuesday in August A V
JSai 01 this amendment in accordance svith
article IT i ection 1 of the Constitution and
those soting for the adoption of this amend
ment shall have written or printed oa their
ballots the svords For the amendment to sec
tion 4 article t of the Constitution relating to
s oting and those s otiug against the adoption
of said ameaument shall luwe svriiten or
printed on tneir ballots the svords Against the
amendment 10 section article 0 of the Consti
tution relating to soting
Joint Resolution Xo to amend Section
Article T of the Constitution or the State of
Section 1 Be it resolved by the Legislature
of the State of Texas That section 5 article T
of the Constitution of the State of Texas be so
amended as to hereafter read as follosvs
The principal of all bonds and other funds
and the principal arising from the sule of the
lands hereinbefore set apart to said school
fund shall be the permanent school fund and
all the interest derisable theretrom and the
taxes herein authorized and lesied shall be the
ns ailable school fund to svhich the Legislature
may add not exceeding ore per cent annually of
the total salue of the permanent school fund
such s alue to be ascertained bv the Hoard of
KUueation until otherwise presided by lasv and
the available school fund shall be applied annu
ally to the support of the public free schools
And no lav shall ever be enacted appropriating
any part or the permanent or available school
fund to any other purjwse svhateser nor shall
the same orany part thereof cser be appropri
ated to or usedfor the support of any sectarian
school and the asailable school fund herein
provided shall be distributed to the sesera
counties according to their scholastic lnipula
tion and applied in such manner asCuuiy be
proviueci oy law
Sec 2 The foregoing constitutional afcend
ment shall be submitted to a soteof thcTfeali
lied electors lor members of the Legi laturet
the Slate of Texas on the second Tuesday
August 1S91 at svhich election all voters fasor
ingsaid proposed amendment shall wnteorhave
printed on their ballots the ssords For the
amendment to section a article of the consti
tution of the State of Texas and all soters
opposed to said amendment shall svrito or have
printed on their lallots the svords Against the
amendment to section ii article T of the Con
stitution of the State of Texas j
111 1 R No I Joint Resolution to amenS
Section II Article Hi of the CoustitutionSf
the State of Texas- Sag
Section I Beit enacted by the Legislatuttof
the State of Texas ThatsCCtionllarticluSlof
tin Constitution of the State of Texas slall be
amended so as to hereafter read as follow p
Sec 11 AH contracts for a greater rate of
interest than ten per centum per annum shall
be deemed usurious and the lirst Legislature
after this amendment is adopted shall piovide
appropriate pains and penalties to prevent the
same but when no rate of interest is agreed
upon the rate shall not exceed six per centum
Sec s The Governor of this State shall issue
his proclamation ordering au election on the
second Tuesday inAugust 1VJ1 at svhich elec
tion the foregoing amendment shall be submit
ted for adoption by the oualiiled electors of Hie
Sec 3 Those s oling for the adoption of sec
tion 1 shall lias essritten or printed on their bal
lots the svords For the amendment to section
11 article US of the Stato Constitution to le
duce rate of interest and those soting against
said amendment shall hase svritten or px inted
on their ballots Against the amendment to
section II article Hi of the Stale Constitution
to reduce rate of interest
H J U So I- Joint resolution to amend
Section JU Article lfi of the Constitution of
the State of Texas
Section 1 He it resolved by the Legislature
or the State of Texas That section 20 article
1C of the Constitution of the State of Texas be
amended so that it shall hereafter read as fol
Sec 20 The Legislature shall at its tlrst
session enact a lasv svherehy the qualitied sot
ers of any county justices precinct town city
or such subdivision of a county as may be
designated by the commissioners court of said
connty 1 may by a majority vote determine from
time to time svhether the sale of intoxicating
liquors shall be prohihitedsvithin the prescribed
Sec 2 The foregoing amendment shell be
submitted to the ipialilied soters of the State
on the second Tuesday in August A D 1891
Those fas oring its adoption shall have svritten
or printed on their ballots the svords -For
local control those opposed to its adoption
shall lias c svritten or printed on their ballots
the svords Against local control
Senate J R Xo lfiJ Joint resolution to
amend Sections 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 S 11 12 Ifi 2
and 28 Article of the Constitution of the
Slate cf Texas
Be it resolved by the Legislature of the State
ot Texa That sectious 1 2 8 4 B 6 T 8 II
12 16 25 and 2S of article 5 of llio Constitution
of the State of Texas be so amended as to here
after read as follosvs
Section 1 Tho judicial posver of this State
shall be vested in one Supreme Coun in Courts
of Cisil Appeals in a Court of Criminal Ap
peals in District Courts in County Courts in
Commissioners Courts in Courts of Justices of
the peace and in such other courts as may be
provided by law The Criminal District Court
of Calseston and Harris counties shall continue
svith the district jurisdiction and organization
nosv existing by lasv until otherwise provided
by lasv The Legislature may establish such
other courts as it may deem necessary and
prescribe the jurisdiction and organization
thereof and may eonform the jurisdiction of
the district and other inferior courts thereto
Sec 2 The Supreme Court shall consist of
a chief justice and tss o associate justices any
tsvo of svhom shall constitute a quorum and
the concurrence of tsvo judges shall be neces
sary to the decision of a case Xo person shall
be eligible to the office of chief justice or asso
ciate justice of the SupremeCouit unless he be
at the time of his election a citizen of the
United States and of this State and unless he
shall has e attained the age of thirty ears and
shall haso been a practicing lawyer or a judge
of a court or such lawyer and judge together at
least ses eng years Said chief justice and asso
ciate justices shall be eleeted by the qualified
soters of the State at a general election shall
hold their oftlces six years or until their succes
sors are electedand qualified and shall each
receive an annual salary of four thousand dol
lars until othcr s ise prosided by lasv In case
of a vacancy in the oftlce of Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court the Governor shall till the
vacancy until the next general election for
State officers and at such general election the
s acancy for the unexpired term shall
be tilled by election by the qualified
voters of the State The judges of the
Supreme Court svho may be in office at
the time this amendment takes effect shall con
tinue in office until the expiration of their term
of office under the present Constitution and un
til their successors are elected and qualified
Sec 3 The Supreme Court shall has e ap
pellate jurisdiction only except as herein speci
fied svhich shall be coextensive svith the limits
of the State Its appellate jurisdiction shall
extend to questions of arising incases of
svhich the Courts of Civil Appeals have appel
late jurisdiction under such restrictions and
regulations as the Legislature mas prescribe
Until otherwise pros ided by lasv the appellate
jurisdiction of the Supreme Court shall extend
to questions of lasv arising in the cases in the
Courts of Civil Appeals in which the judges of
any Court of Cisil Appeals may disagree or
svhere the several Courts of Cis il Appeals may
hold differently on the same question of lasv or
-where a statute of the State is held s oid The
Supreme Court and the justices thereof shall
have power to issue svrits of habeas corpus as
may be prescribed by law and under such regu
lations as may be prescribed by lasv the said
courts ana the justices thereof may issue the
writs of mandamus procedendo certiorari and
such other s rits as may be necessary to enforce
its jurisdiction The Legislature may confer
original jurisdiction on the Supreme Court to
issue writs of quo warranto and mandamus in
such cases as may be specified except as
against the Gosernor of the State The Su
preme Court shall also have posver upon affida
vit or otherwise as by the court may be deter
mined to ascertain such matters of fact as may
be necessary to the proper exercise of its juris
diction The Supreme Court shall sit for the
transaction of business from the nrst Monday
in October of each year until the last Saturday
of June in the next year inclusive at the capi
tal of the State The Supreme Court shall ap
point a clerk who shall give bond in such man
ner as is nosv or may hereafter be required by
law and he may hold his office for four years
and shall be subject to removal by said court
for good cause entered ot record on the minutes
of said court svho shall receive such compensa
tion as the Legislature may provide
Sec The Court of Criminal Appeals
shall consist of three judges any tsvo ot svhom
shall constitute a quorum and the concurrence
of tsvo judges shall be necessary to a decision
of said court said judges shall have the same
qualifications and receive the same salaries as
the judges of tho Supreme Court- They shall
be elected by the qualified voters of the state
at o general election acdshall hold theiroffices
for a term of six yean In can of a vacancy
iu the office or a judge ot the Court of Criniiual
Appeals the Governor shall till suchs acanc bv
appointment for the unexpired term Tle
judges of the Court of Appeals who may be in
oniceat the time ss hen this amendment takes
effect shall continue in office until the expira
tion of ifaeir term of office imdtsr the present
Constitution and krsvs as judges of the Court of
Criminal Appeals
See r The Court of Criminal Appeals
shall has e appellato jurisdiction coextensive
vvith the limits of the Stateiu allcriminal cases
of sshateser grade svith such exceptions anil
under such regulations as may be prescribed by
law The Court of Criminal Appeals and the
judges thereof shall have the power to issue the
svrit of habeas corpus and under such regula
tions as may be prescribed by lasv issue such
svrits as may be necessary to emorcc its osvn
jurisdiction The Court of Criminal Appeals
shall have power upnnaflidavitorotherwiseto
ascertain such matters of fact as may be neces
sary to the exerci e of its jurisdiction The
Court of Criminal Appeals shall sit for the
transaction of business irom the tirst Monday
in October to the last Saturday of June in each
year at the State Capital and tsvo other places
lor the capital city 1 ir the Legislature shall
hereafter so proside The Court of Criminal
Appeals shall appoint a clerk for each place at
svhich it may sit and each clerk shall gis e bord
in such manner as is now ormay hereafter be
required by lasv and svho shall hold his office
for four years unless sooner remos ed by the
court for good cause entered of record eng the
minutes of said court
Sec 0 The Legislature shall as soon as
practicable after the adoption of this amend
ment diside the State into not less than two
or more than three supreme judicial districts
and thereafter into such additional districts as
the increase of population imd business may
require and shall establish a Court of Civil
Appeals in each of said districts shich shall
consist of j chief justice and two associate jus
tices svho shall haio the qualifications as
herein prescnbedforjustiies of the Supreme
Conn Said Court of Cisil Appeals shall hase
apjiellate jurisdiction coextensise sith the
limits of their respective districts svhich shall
extend to all civil cases of svhich the District
Courts or County Courts have original or ap
pellato jurisdiction under snch restrictions
and regulations us may be prescribed by lasv
Irosided that the decision o said courts shall
beconcluslse on nil questions of fact brought
before them on appeal of error Bach of said
Courts of lf vil Appeals shall hold lis sessions
at a place in its district m be designated by
the Legislature aud at such time as may be
prescribed by lasv Said Ustices shall be
elected by the qualified soters of their respec
tive districts at a general election for a term
of six j ears and shap receive for their ser
vices the sum of three thousand and hie hun
dred dollars per annum until Athens ise pro
sideit by law Sad ourlawPluli luxe such
other jurisdiction origuijlphnil appellate as
may be prescribed by lsBif Kacii Court of Civil
Apnealsshril appoiiitjasPHerl in the same man
ner as the clerk of li Supreuie Court sihich
cleri shall reeeisjjtiiii compensation as mas
bellxedbs Ias j3pntl the unumatiou of the
ourt of CisiljafTieals and Criminal Appeals as
herein prosulBBfor the jurisdiction power and
organizatiaSSiiid location of the SupremeCouit
tho Coturafr Appeals and the Commission -of
continue as they were before the
01 tins amendment sti mil cases
ay be pendinii inthe Court of Appeals
soon as practieame aier me
e Courts of ii ii Sppeals oe certified
And nfct records thereof transmitted to the
Toper cnrts ol civil Appeals lo be decided
iiv said at the first session of Ihe su
preme Ccutcatoe Court of Criminal Appeals
and such of tlflBLVmrts of the Cisil Appeals
sshich may beTfccrcifter created under this
article after the tSklelection of the judges of
such courts under njfc amendment The terms
or office of the judgevT each coia shall be
divided into thiee ciSws and the justices
iiiereoi snail uraw lor 10s cinerent classes
Those svho shall drasv clasV Xo 1 shall hold
their offices tsvo years those drawing class Xo
2 shall hold their others for four j ears and
those svho may drasv class Xo 3 shall hold their
offices for six years from the date of their elec
tion and until their successors are elected and
qualified and thereafter each of the said judges
shall hold his ottice tor six years as provided
in this Constitution
Sec 7 The State shall be divided into as
many judicial districts as may nosv or hereafter
be provided by lasv sshich may be increased or
diminished by lass- For each district there
shall be elected by the qualified Soters thereor
at a geuerat election a judge svho shall bea
citizen of the United States ind of this state
svho shall have been a practicing lasvver of this
Stale or a judge ot a court in this state for four
years next preceding his election ssho shall
have resided in the district in svhich he ssas
elected lor two years next preceding his elec
tion svho shall reside in his district during his
term of office who shall hold lii office for the
period of four years and shall receive for his
services an annual of two thousand five
hundred dollars until otherwise changed by
lasv no snau nont ine regular terras 01 w
court at the county seat of each county in his
district at least tsvico in each year in such man
ner as may be prescribed by lasv The legisla
ture shall base posver by general or special lasss
to authorize the holding of special terms of the
court or the holding of more than two terms In
any county for the dispatch of business The
Legislature shall also provide for the holding of
district court svhen the judge thereof is absent
or is from any cause disabled or disqualified
from presiding The district judges svho may
be in office svhen this amendment takes effect
shall hold their offices until their respective
terms shall expire under their present election
or appointment
Sec S The District Court shall base origi
nal jurisdiction in allcriminal cases of thegrade
of felony in all suits in behalf of the state to
recoier penalties forftotures aud escheats of
all cases ot divorce 01 all misdemeanors In vol v
ing official misconduct of all suits to recover
damages for slander or defamation ot character
of all suits fortrialoftitetolandandforthen
forccment of liens thereon of all suits for the
trial of the right of property levied upon by
virtue of any svrlt of execution sequestration
orattachment when the propertylusicdonshall
he equal to or exceed in salue five huudred
dollars of all suits complaints or pleas
svhalover svithout regard to any distinction be
tween lasv and equity svhen the matter in con
troversy shall be siilued at or amount to live
hundred dollars exclusise of interest of con
tested elections and said court and the judges
thereof shall ha ve posver to issue s ri ts of habeas
corpus mandamus injunction and certiorari
a nd all svrits necessary to enforce their juris
diction The District Court shallhas eappellate
jurisdiction and general control in probate mat
ters oser the Countv Court established in each
county for appointing guardians granting let
ters testamentary and of administration pro
bating wills for settling the accounts of execu
tors administrators anil guardians and for
the transaction of all business appertaining to
estates and original jurisdiction and general
control oser executors administrators guar
dians and minors under such regulations as
may he prescribed by law The District Court
shall hase appellate jurisdiction and general
supersisory control oser the Ojunty Commis
sioners Court svith such exceptions and under
such regulations as may be prescribed by lasv
and shall hase general original jurisdiction oser
all causes of action sv hates er for svhich a remedy
or jurisdiction is not provided by lass- or this
Constitution and such other jurisdiction origi
nal and apnellate as may be provided by law
Sec 11 Xo judge shall sit in uny ca e
wherein he may be Interested or sshn either
of the parties may be connected with him either
by afflinity or consanguinity svlthin such a de
gree as sgkiy be prescribed by law or svhen he
shall have been counsel in the case sVhen the
Supreme Court the Court of Criminal Appeals
the Court of Cisil Appeals or any member of
either shall be thus disqualified to hear aud
determine any case or cases in said court the
same shall bo certified to the Gosernor of the
State who shall immediately commission the
requisite number of persons learned in the lasv
for the trial and determination of such cause
or causes When a judge of the District Court
is disqualified by any of the causes abovestated
the parties may by consent appoint a proper
person to try said case dr upon their failingto
do so a competent person may be appointed to
try the same in the county svhere it is pending
in such manner as mav be prescribed bv law
And the district judges may exchange districts
or hold court for each other svhen they may
deem it expedient and shall do so ss hen re
quired bv law This disqualification of judges
of inferior tribunals shall be remedied and sa
cancies in their oftlces filled as may be pre-
scnueu Dy lasv
Sec 12 All judges of courts of this State
by virtue of their office be consersators of the
peace throughout the state The style of all
svrits and processes sail be Tho State of
Texas All prosecutions shall be carried on
in the name and by authority of the State of
Texas and shall concludo -Against the peace
and dignltvof the State
Sec 16 The County Court shall have orig
inal jurisdiction of all misdemeanors of which
exclusis e original jurisdiction is not gisen to
the Justices Court as the same is now or may
hereafter be prescribed by law and when the
fine to be imposed shall exceed Six and they
shall hase exclusive jurisdiction in all civil
cases svhen the matter in controsersy shall ex
ceed in value J2UU and not exceed iM exclusise
of interest and concurrent jurisdiction with
the District Court when the matter in contro
versy shall exceed f XD and not exceed lfX ex
clusive of interest but shall not have jurisdic
tion of suits for the recovery of land Thev
shall have appellate jurisdiction in cases cisil
and criminal ot which Justices Courts have
original jurisdiction but of such civil cases
only svhen the judgment or the court appealed
from shall exceed 2U exclusive of costs under
such regulations as may be prescribed by lasv
In all appeals from Justices Court there shall
be a trial de novo in the County Court and
appeaU may be prosecuted from the final judg
ment rendered in such -cases by the County
Court as well as all case3 civil and criminal of
which the County Court has exclusive or con
current or original jurisdiction of civil appeals
in civil cases to the Court of Civil Appeals and
in such criminal cases to the Court of
Criminal Appeals with such exceptions and
under such regj Jations as may be pre-
sciaoeu Dy law siwuutttfDwci snail nave
W OV for Hi
galas28 3SS u res
thcgeqcrjljurijilii tic o 1 i
they slull probate w - - -
idiots lunstu 1
menti and connnn n
testamentary and of at-
coints of exceptors trji -pertaining
to decease n
lunatics- persons no o
commoi drunkards
partition and distnbur i
persons and to apprei
by law and the Ior n
shall hase power to -mandamus
and all
I forcementof the jun o
to issue writs o naot s 1
the offense charged -
tho Counts- Court or aw
inferior to said ioun p i
not have criminal jar
sshere there is a Crm 1 1
less expressly comer -
countfs appeals frou I -inferior
courts and ml
shall be to tho Criuuj 1
such regulations js n
anil in all such cases 1
such District Court 1
Appeals SSher the
is disqualinea in ai
County Court tlw pu
consent appoint n 1
case or upon their fi
person may beaiipo i r
co mty where it s p i i -may
be prescribed lis i
Sec 20 The Supr
poss r to and -not
mcoi sistunt suth
the goverunu nt t s
courts of this State t t s
of business therein
Sec Vacancies
of the Supreme Court t1
rict Courts shall be tilt c
the next succeeding
s acancies in the oftlce 1
tices of the peace shah
sioners Court until tu n -such
Sec 29 The fore
atnendment shall be b
qualified electors ot tne S
be held throughout the s
Tuesdav in August A i
lion all soiers it -amendment
shall wt t
on their ballots ti
amendment 10 arK e
tion relating to f
those opposid shai v -
their ballots the svords s 1
ment to Article ol the 1
tobe jediciais
Sec Hi The Gnvi --
liereby dircctetf to issi m
mat ion for said elecTr
published as required bs I t
existing laws of he m
Anil whereas the Stt 1
the publication of an pni -said
instrument once 1
commencing at least 111
And whereas each ui s
requires the Governor to iss
ordering an election tor ih -Joint
Resolutions to ihe
this State for their adopt t
second Tuesda in us- s
svill be the eleventh ilis o 1
Xow therefore s
Til xas in accordance w th i
d Joint Resolutions iui
ted in me by the 1 unst t
State do herebs is m
ordering that an 1 lei
U Joint Resolutions - 1
ignated therein low
Tuesday Hip lllli itiv of i
in the several counties s
adoption or rejection ot sal
amendments to the Const t
of Texas
Said election shall he Me
polling places of the eleiu n
seseral counties of this sin-
dueled by the officers holm
fortuity svith the laws ol - s
cordance witli the prm
In testimony svheroof I hi
and ijue the - 1
I si affixed at the cm f s
day of April s 111
Bv the
ecretar ol
Subscribe for the eekj
is rapidly becoming the pep
The follosving table teis tin
m sojox jjpujj
UBj j pun oinjds
touajano iKUOuaiu
iliojd paptAjpun pur
s iiidin iiiois jcjidcs
u rdiov jspiijj
niSii puc aDjds
iauajjno ibuoiidujvi -
I 2L
it the two
Iurt ttortli
lnliev and Ksilroail tentrr
Editor Gazette
The quarterly statements
the national banks of li
Worth as to their eouditioi 1
business on Mjs -1 like tie p
shows Kort Worth to st 11
centersif the Lone Stars r
nine national baiks v
ital of i7T9ll Tti 111
plus and undivided in
the seven national ban
Worth show 5ri s ill 01
fasor of Fort Worth to 1 lie aim
i5b Dallas mas be in n
Texas but she cannot shins
Worth when it comes to na
capital Fort Worth not
largest per capita ol biiis
has by far the largest per c
as the records sliosv
Fort Wort 11 is not onls tin- u
facturiii1 and railroad eenur oi
1 b in
pue suito i rjr 57 5
papiAipafl puusnd
idois IBlldco
2 lbJli4
- sT rrrr
TKl 1 A
auFfiuir JT6
V- irr Vf -
Mnb rriha fiaTTfti nri TTr
ir Thoilifison33j
v i
tchers Castoria

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