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L"ET US HAVE PEACE."
VOLUME V. ALEXANDRIA, LA., SATURD)AY, DECEMBER 20, 1873. NUMBER 36. 0 ,- 1 873.____BR____3 THE WRECK OF THE "AIDEEN." BY ALFRID PIIRCEVAL GRAVIS. " Is it cure me, Docther, darlino? an ould boy of siventy-fonr A fther soakin' ob Berehaven three and thirty hour and more, Wid no otlier navigation underneath me but an oar. "God incrase ye, but it's only half myself is livin' silzl, And there's mounlin' slow but surely to my heart the dyin' chill; God Incrase ve for iour goodness, but I'm past all zuortial skill. " But ye'll srely let them lift me, won't you, l)octher, from below? Ye'll let thimn lift me, surely-werry soft and werrv slow Tosee rny , hiid abip "Aideen" wanst agin before Igo ? " Lay my head upon your shoulder; thank ye kindly, Doectbr, dear, Take me now--G,li bless ye, Cap'n-now togeth er, sorra 1ear Hlave no dread that yC'll distriss me-now, agtn Ocbone ! I see her. "ologone ! my A;deen's Aideen, christened by her toughin' lilps, Wid a sprinkle from her finger as ye started from the slips, Thirty year ago Come T'shrovetide, like a swan among the Ships. " And we both 'were constant to ye till the bitter, bitter day Whin the typhus took me darlint, and she pined and Iined away, Till yonrsaell'athe only sweetheart that was left me on the say " So through fair and fool we'd travel, you and I, thin, sn't we, The same vuni coorse from Galway Bay, by Lim erick sad Tralee, Till this storm It shook me overboard, and mtur theredl you, machree ! " But now, agra, the unruly wind has down into the west. And the silver moon is shbinin' soft apon the ocean's breast Like Aideen'a sumlln' sperit come to call us to our rest. " Still the sight Is growin' darker, and I cannot rightly hear The sa"'s too euwld-for one so ould--O save me, Cap'n, dear ! Now it's growiu' bright and warm agla--and Aideen--.lideen sliere I" Ill-Cossidered Marriages. In the testimolly of Mrs. Kelly, the I mother of the boy who recently comrnitted, at W\ilhigten, D.C ., one of the most da.' :trdly nurtiners of tletime. she stated that s-Ite' was. thie motherof twenty-one children. and that upol the tather's side it was a bad race. Although this statemnent was made by an illiterate colored woman, it strikes the key-note of a questioin yhich is now I receivi;nu the serious attention of medicl mien anlt sociad scientists on both sitdes of e the ocean--thle question of the excellence I and improvement, physically aml morally Of the race to come. As the present social law of im:rriliage stands, there cannot exist t the shadow of a doubt that, iu a large per (centage of ena.es, at least, it has its results in the ill-conlidered union of utheraltly :uand incompatible temperaments; and the bringing into this world of a r:uce of sickly and ill-conditioned childreu. It must be apparelnt to any one who has given any at-t tention whatever to the subject, that the sacred tie of mnarriage in the United States t is scarcely entered into with that serious t an(d solemn cotiiderttion which such an important step demands. Young girls. bting left too much to the freedom of their own wills, are permnnittedl to contract mrarriavs with votung men of o ewho-e previous hiiltorv tlheyi h:tve but it tle knowledge', and oft whose' family and t a;nteedmeltt. medically speaking, they are c in perftict and total Ignorance. In too k lil:ivny cases these marru'trs are the ireslt ii of a semntinental likidg 'ormed before the a judletment has had tirne to seil the compact 'I with resleI't. A voting man marries a girl t whise tvyle, or dastl, or pretty ftee e'I- tl chlants him tlfr the tslee, *1ithonrt once stolp pinyll to consider whether eonsuimption has o never stalked like ia skeleton through her c faniily for generations, or scrofuila, with M all its debilitating onmplicationa, is not a now hiding its deadly fangs behind that tl royv cheek. What is the result of all this . sinful :nd unhallowe4 hstte ? We need but , search the records of the divorce cOilrts , for an answer ilpovthe one hanld, aid! the c sickly faces of many mothers and children e upon the other. "M. Sedillot, a French a physician who ias devoted much of 1 ois time to a consideration of this important w qletion, hlias delared that the time has ' conme when prulery or fale nlodesty must , no longer hide the truths of science, or ti tprevent the proper measures being taken la f,e the imlprovsmnent and advanceluent of the hum:ul Itmily. It is admitted by all philosolphers that certalri characters and tc faculties, as well as diseases and taints, are ir traasmittwd from one generation to anoth- o er. "The sins of the fathers are visited yo upon the children, unto the third and hi folrthil gelnertion." ' M. SedJllllot thinks that one may obtain e valuable information as to an Indivkldoal's real value hy ceosulting his genealog, at with Special referenoe to intelleet, mol ty, vigor, health. lonervity, and social t statu, and this might be wll, if preti- t ble; but the ways and means of acquiring p such informattin beting in most ,es uIn- st available, even by the family and friends ti of inltetnding paartlies, other means must he til found to prevent improp'r connections. i From the remotest anquity, the popular s mind has observed the reation which sub- tl sists between great size of head and supe- fi rior abilitlies. Although It might appear tb rather absurd for a lady to refuse a man in marriage beevrtse his head did not measure t more than 19.685inches, the average mean n for a personll of mediocre abilities, still, ct taken with othter considcrations, this ftaet might wvei'h somettfng IAI the scale. It is alo a well muthbstk~ted truism that marr-ager.tweeant ttadillul of the same stock are ilnjudileiou guc , in tooe 1ny' instances, asthy frut and m tending to lunacy and diase. 'hre st things afiect the development of the hu- oI man fl- ame and intellect. A jndlciousla marriage or the reverse controls the two da Frst; early training and self-culture the dt hit. The oily practical tmode i which W such a qul..tion c; n be settie, in a fe country fetteredl by so mansy socilal bar- tl nrots and restraints as the United States, th sems to be by a reference to medical th lelee I in England where marriage~s are more : -question of family anti expedience thtan N ith us, the advanstage of looking to the di t edenlts of a fluly 1 aptarent in the s lthy aPp:raranoce of the chlt drent and the robust plhylique of the adults. Here h-e it is a question more of emotiona re '7 thau race consideration, the Matia- hi ics of large cities, with their larming at: lits of mortally amfolng children, bear fi" sutllcient testimony to the fact that there is something radically wrong. It might seem rather an arbitrary and offensive te .( ctree that a law should be passel prohibit ing all marriages within the jurisdiction of the United States, wherein the parties could not exhibit from their family physi cian, or medical officer regularly appointcd for the purpose, a certitficate of health of body and soundness of mind; but we have tno hesitation in declaring that those par tite who enter into the sacred compact of marriage, knowing themselves to be the present or hereditary victims of diwase., are guilty of a crime as great as the son who turns upon the mother who bore him whose * enormity cannot be meas.ured in one generation, but whose sorrow goes rolling down the stream of time, to curse the erring soul that gave it birth. Mar riage in our country has come to be re gardedas too light a matter. Villainous and sensual dreamers have gone abro:ul, spreading their venom broadcast through thte land, trying to break down the virtuous customs of our fathers, who, with their simple partners, surrounded by stalwart sons and healthy daughters. pased to a winter frosty but kindly. " to sleep togeth er at the foot," after a well-spent life. It is entered into, in too many Instances, in I haste and repented of at leisure. While I the young and inexperienced are apt to regard the interference and advice of those i who have their best interests at heart with I disfavor, It were better for their present I and future happiness; for the good of I those whom God shall send them ; for the welfare and glory of the State, that this contract, the most sacred and important upon earth, should be entered into with º careful and solemn consideration, so that t there may be no after-regrets, no sorrow I and sitthing. no flture generations of in evitabl'e wretchedness.-Chicago Intcr- . Ocean. Manufactured Dwarfs. The business of manufacturing dwarfs i by mutilating children, unhappily. was at c one time followed as a profession by a body c of villains who had reducld it to a system. In the prelimlmary chapters to " L'Houmme (Qji Rtit," Victor Hugo gives an account u of the operations of these persons which is full of painful interest. They called v themselves " Comprachlicos," and they la- d bored to supply the demand which existed s a couple of centuries ago, In almost every c European country, for dwarfs and distort- e edl humam beings for the royal palaces and a and fbr the homes of the we lthy nobility. d The king must have his misshapen jester; the fine lady her fantastic page or foot man; the nobleinan his hunchback lack- Y ey: and even the Sultan his grotesque o buffoon for the seraglio. The demand was a greater than the supply afforded by the b freaks of nature, and the Comprachicos tI undertook to make good the deficiency. o 'Tihey fabricated monsters upon a large scale. The headquarters of this infamous b fraternity were in England, but its ranks y were recruited from all countries, and its w operatiorns were extended to other conn- p tries. The ors~nization had its origin, we y believe, in Spam. ah The Comprachicos procured children for ie their purpose in various ways. Some- T thine there was an heir to an estate who was in the way of somebo4ly,and hbewoull re be sold into the hands of the order to be gJ mutilated beyond recognition. Sometimies yv pauper and orphan children would be dis- ti posed of by relatives who did not wish to o' take cane of them; and often, again, wlhenm p1 the raw material was not offered in snffl elout quantities, the Comprachicos woul I fo kidnap children for their purpose. Once be in their hands, there wasno possibility that er a child could be rescued without mutilation. tlh Taken when very young, they were, as Vie- se tor Hugo expresses it. "touched up, so that in their parents would not recognize them." cc Sometimes the Comnprachlcos would ta operate on the spine in sucha way that tie ju child would have a humped back; or they would leave the dorsal column straight, and d( alter the countenance. They would cut I> the muscles so that the little one would i wear a perpetual and diabolical grin, or he would have its face set permuanently in th some fatastic shaple. By a peculiar pro- al eess the growth of another would be stunt- w ed so that the child would be a dwarf: te while in other eases the joints and muscle of the limbs would be so treated that they an would acquire unnatural suppleness. ar 'These patients would be sold to showmnen. as who trained them as gymnasts. Some- ei times, also. the throat would be manipu lated for the purpose of giving the child no peculiar vocal powers. Charles II. had a sh ,eing thus mutilated, whose office It was sh to move around the palace at night signal ing the hours by crowing like a cock. A m certain Dr. Conquest, of London, wrote a gi vol uine upon this kind of surgery, in which it he describes the processes as if they had a ci rightful place among the practices of ou science. tu The Comprachlcos were suppressed by an statute under William and Mary. Their an nlmterparts are msaid, however, to exist at w this day in China. The Chinese operators ke a child of two or three years old, and les put it in a porcelain vase of some odd If hape, but without lid or bottom, so that pe itehead and feet are exposed. Intheday- di ime the vase is kept upright; at night, it lsi a laid upon its side, so that the child may hi deep. Thus t'. chikl grows, filling up ioi he spaces in the vase with its compressed di lesh and twisted bones. This growth in for he bottle lasts for several years. At a da iven period it is without remedy. When he mold has taken, and the monster is nade, they break the vase, and the child ~omes out of it.--o-dae. ch Straining a Child's Memaory. hu When a child is endowed with that most t xcellent thing-a good memory--com- pr non sense should teach his guardIansor in- a tructors that he must be restraided from ha vertaxilng it; yet we read that a certain tin ad, aged twelve years, repeated, in Sun- th lay-school, without one blunder, five hun- hii Ilred and fifteen verses from the Bible. ee WVhat makes the accomplishment of this otl eat the more remarkable is the fact that ex he poor child is usually imployed during ag he day, and memorized these verses by he light of a fire budlt in hIs yard at night. ta t may also be mentioned that he has never for itenuded any other than a Sunday-school. ui !ow the question is this: What purpose in los such a gigantic strain upon memory be Srvye? The precocious boy probably re- gr tats his lesson as a parrot might, without go n the least understanding that which hle en ecites : whereas, by thoroughly learning to salf a dozen verses, he not only under- wl itands what he learns, butreserves a uasel fm icalty for profitable ses sti re How the Panic Affects the Fashions of ht ('leveland's Young Men. it Owing to the unnprecedented tightness mn of the money market, and the fact that s most of the young menu of Cleveland had ui- their hoanrded earnings in Eastern savings rl banks that failed, there will be a decidced of change in gentlemene's fashions for the fall e :ldl winter, atnd we have been at some r- pains and expense to ascertain what will >f not be worn this winter by the dilllerent ie social representatives who have heretofore e been the "liodel of lhahion." o Thin sUlllmer 'o'oOds will be worn far - Into the winter ty many, esleially by d clerks on a salary of less than $15 per *s week. e A very neat pair of trowsers may be mlade by varnishing white duck pants with Sa 'comllpound of lamnpblack and molasses, s and lwfitre the last coat has dried, sifting I, coal-dust and black sand over the gamlent. S'These suits (annot be told fromnt the finest s black eLsimnlere by experts unless tim lat r ter chew them. 'lihe molasses renders tile t cloth soft and pliable, while the coal dust a and black sand give it a "nap" that is cle u- t. and the wearer of these llreeches may t st:nd oil the banks of Lake Erie. and deft' tithe C(anladian blasts that whistle through sthe c'lothes of others Cborly c(lad. Old Slinen pants that have been wonh all sum nier, an. by tIing dippled In a kettle of Shot Indiu ll pudtldilng or mnush, be lmade to t look like new, and the fabric acquires a f hholy that will resist anything but a rain stormll or goat. Shirts will (owing to the high price of t soap, and hyste'rieal condition of tile i washerwomlelj) to worn of a darker shalde t than during tile summer. Bank street hack drivers. whom a tyrannical city gov erlllment ilenies the use of street spittoons, and who are compelled to explectorate against the wind. will wear bosomslll of any color, ornamented with designs in tobacco juice. Many of the billiard-room proprietors in the city have permitted their patrons to chalk over their shirt-bosoms, as well as cues, without extra charge. This act of gelerosity enables many a young man to sport a white shirt-bosom. wlho would otherwise be unablle to afford the llxnry. Stockings will be worn only by tire wealthy, but the poorand ambitious young dry-goods elerk may enjoy a very good substitute by sprinkling a mnixture of cayenne pepper and sawdust in his boots each morning. -By doing this and eatting a mackerel breakfast he can keep warmi and dry in the rmost inclement weather. l''o the young mian who cannot afford to purchase a new silk hat this fall, and who is afraid to steal one, we would say that old silk hats may be remnodeled into new and fashionable tiles by soaking them It brine two or three days, then pressiug them into the shape desired and drying over a slow tire. Underclothing of very good quality may be made out of newspapers. We know :a young btlk clerk on S perior street, who wears a diamond and whose outward ap pearnlce is Iaultle-s, yet for years this young mant has wrapped a newspaper around each leg tor dtlrwers, and hli bosol is covered with several layersof the Trbune. A dress coat is indisplnsable to the ward robe of any voung male person who min gles lmuich 111 society, and mallny at ishle youth will Ibx debarred from soial fIcsti'si- r ties this winter bccantl. of ills inlabilitv to own a coat whose talls :arl of that pectiliar pattern knows n as " swallow-tail " or " elawhamllllr." lBt "here is relief even for this class. Every youg llan owns a bob-tailed or busilne, ciat, surl of late sev eral establishuentls h ;ve ltee opened in this city, where ('oat-talils can ll I renltel, so that for a few ce(nts tle poverty-stricken a individual ilay tranlsforlm his everyllay coat ilnto a dre.s coat. Th'llese' atent coat tails are, of all shal:des and size, easily ad justed and warr:anteud to give satisfaction. l'atclhed boots will Is worn eonsi(lerably durillg the winter, tho"llh whiere the up-ll iwsrs are badly worn rutlers will be used. it In case the wearer's toes protrude or his heel is visible, a little putty will renicl y the trouble, thllough nigilaly -prefer to black and polish the expoaIt mteat. ard this, whlel skillfullly done, will hardly be de tected, even by the police. Old straw hlats covered with bed-ticking, and ornamented with a rooster's feather, 4. are not only cheap and durable, buit quite 4 ;a "lobbhtv".as the .f1IU styles" In the win- 4 dows of the hat stores which cost money. e For parties and bails where comfort is not sacrificed to style, buckskin gloves and l sheepskin unittens are permitted, but these S"bould be removed while at the table. Shirts have been discarded altogether by 4. many of the high-toned young squirts who give to Superior street that gay appearance 4 it possesses about dinner time. No elw- a cial change, however, is noticeable in the 4 outward appearance of these two-legged ' tube-roses, their shirt-bosoms (of paper) and cuffs are displayed, regardless of cost, ' lnd they had rather lose a meal than to 4 walk two blocks without a cuff in sight. No gentllsan fieels dressed witlhout at 4 least one article of jewelry on his person. 4 If he has no hItimate lady friend hoe wIll permit him to wear her sleoeve-buttons dr (lianlond ring, lie falls back on oxidized 4 silver ornaments. A mule shoe, procullra- 4 ble at any blacksmith shop, makes a fash- * ionable bosom or scarf-pin, while two Mtr- dine boxes can, by a little labor, be trans formed into a pair of sleeve-hmttons.-S.un day Voice. Limitatins in Poultry Keeping. fr For a hundredl dollars spent in the pur- c chase and careful keeping of a few fowls, a a hundred dollars may be gained each year. But if this business is suddenly increased di ten times with the expe, tation that the I profits will be multiplied proportionately, se a failure is sure to result-as a rule. el te have known this to be the case many a c time and oft. On the other hand, when ol the experimenter has been content to feel th his way caatiotly, and. having one sue- di ceasful colony in operation, to plant an- ' other without overerowdirig that already bt existing, he has succeeded and afterwards to again successfully repeated the extension. ra But we would caution our readers--so to atny of whomn seem to think that If 100 w fowls may be kept profitably that 1.,000 s may also be maintained-against believing lx in the possibility of poultry in large num- vi bers without an extended range of clean i grass, or without the closest attention, if governed by the greatest skill and expert- g .nce, and without every applIae known to the art of poultry-keeping through whiih the fowls maybe obliged to cou- al forml to the needed requirements. The he- bi stincts of these blirds are keen and strong r1 f and a poultry keeper must have the knowl edge, skill and lpatience to conduct his business so that these instincts are not ob structed, but are led, as it were, in the tways in which they should go. Other 1 wise strife occurs and failure is inevitable. Street-Car Morality. It is an admitted fact that in a consider able proportion of cases if the conductor t neglects to ask for the fare, the passenger Ifdls to remind him. There are few of us who have not seen a clan whose appear ance would presuppose a well-lined pocket book and a balance in bank, sitting for a 7 while with a five cent piece between his thumb and flinger, and after the conductor has passed by, quietly sliping the coin hack into his vest pocket. There is, how ever, a greater trust on the part of the car companies in the average honesty of the passenger than in that of the conductor. :The "patent box" system, more in vogue in other cities than our own, depends upon this faith. Yet we are informed that even this soon indicates a progressive decline of morality. The patrons of a new route pay as they enter with great promptitude and honesty, but it is the conviction of the road owners that after a year or two they are carrying a considerable number of regular pa-sengers who seilotm or never pay their fares. But the deterioration of morals in the case of conductors, if report speaks truth, is something frightful to contemplate. At all events, all systems of management at present are based upon the supposition that conductors are dishonest. From time to time a change in the method or the in troduction of some contrivance for check ing the receipts, indicates the extent of previous demoralization. The remarkable circumstance Is that sooner or later all checking contrivances are more or less evaded, and the old pilfering is resumed. The index that used to be placed in cars to show the number of fares proved valueless on long routes, because the conductors soon discovered that passengers would not trouble themselves about its record. The patent box was introduced on a Brooklyn t road, and suddenly raised receipts by 30 per cent.; but gradually they fell away, and in a few months they were at their previous standard. We all admit that there is a high moral tone about the atmosphere of Boston that excites our hopeless envy. Yet from that blissful locality there came sometime ago a tale of Ingenious horse.ear immorality which would raise a blush on the indefinite cheek 9q a New York con ductor. A company there had Introduced the punch-gong system. Each conductor, as he took a fare, was obliged to squeeze a punch which marked its record on a slip of paper, and simultaneously rang a small gong attached to the punch. The passen- r ger was to note the ring of t gong. For c a while the receipts were largely swelled. Then they declined. At length they reached a lower point than ever before. D etectives rode up and down in the cars, s listened faithfully for the note of the gong , with each tare, heard it every time, and yet the receipts were short. Months elapsed, t and the proprietors were at their wits' end. a At length the trick was discovered. An , ingenious artisan had furnished almost ev- b ery conductor on the road with a small b duplicate gong, which, carried concealed a in the hand, did the ringing without the recording.-N. Y. 7ribune. New Method of (quoting Exchange The relative value of the dollar and the pound -terling for purposes of commercial t exchange was fixed by act of Congress on the 3d of March, 1873. to go into effect on the 1st of January, 1874. By this act the par of the English pound sterling is fixed at $4.86.45 in American gold coin. In an ticipation of this change, the leading for eign Ihankers of New York have decided upon a new method of quoting exchange, which will be much more readily under stood by the masses. Instead of quoting the rate at so much premium on the dollar, it is proposed to give the quotation for the pound sterling. By bearing iind the a par rate for the English pound, one can ea•s.ily see whether bills are at a premium or at a discount. The different systems of luotations are thus contrasted by the'New t Y ork Bullite: t Vew Method. 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IO I .1.............................. l .3 at .................. ...... a lS. ~ S. ............... .. ..1. 5.45 d. ,sh .....5....... ........... . 108.579 01 6 ............................. 01 h S ' ................... ..............1. oa s4 8 6.41, Par ........... .. .. .....00.4 How Women are Valued il Chha. 5p Chinese husbands can procure divorces w romn their wives by samply proving that t they talk too much. What if such an ex- B u-e held good in America! Womet, in b act, are thought littie of in China. If you a.sk a ('hinese w'oman how many chil- te tren she has, she 'will give only the num- lii ber of boys. She has to be askedthe di second time how manygirls she has, as w they are thought so little of that in many -ases they are killed as soon as born. One st of these women told an European fiend w that her first child was a little girl and deseribed how she loved the little one. If 'My husband went out," she said, "and by brought In a tub of water. I begged him 'I' to spare its life, but he took the lttle one to 1nd put its headl in the water, and held it there until it was dead. My second babe a was a daughter, and it was served the be mine as the first; the third child wa aa w boy; hlie lived until he was about four rears old, when the gods got angry and sp killed him. Then my hausnd ded; and if I eat anything that is nice, and if I wear th _ood clothes, my relatives become angry, pd treat me harshly." Even in our Christ un churches in Chmna the women are not ch Ilowed in the same room with the men, but am partltioned et in a wL wrewk f room. sa Hints About Farmers' Work. The Ameriean Agriculturist for Decem e her gives the following useful and timely hints for farmers: Hard work, such as chopping wood or thrashing with a flail, is not favorable to mental activity. A farmer should econo mize his energies both of mind and body. The more work a man does the more he canl do is a truth which we should all do well to remember. The busiest man is the man of most lei sure. The indolent man has never time to do anything he does not wish to do. Early ri. ig is good; getting at your work early is better. There are men who pride themselves on getting tiup early in the morning who do nothing after they are up --or do t listlessly. Energy is the one quality which a farmer of the present age most needs. It is not the number of hours that a man works, but the skill, intelligence, and activity that he brings to it are the test of his ability and industtry. Machinery must take the place of hand labor; but machinery, however pertect, needs a man of intelligence to keep it in order and to manage it to the best advent age. Machinery does not do awaiy ith the necessity for labor; it merely changes its character. It demands brains rather than muscle. Thinking is harder work than chopping, and much more remunerative. Better hire an extra man than devote your whole time to mere routine work. A good boy can frequently be obtained in the winter for little more than his board. It is poor economy for a farmer to spend several hours every day in doing work which such a boy can do nearly or quite as well is he can. Make the house comfortable. See that the windows and doors do not admit a stream of cold air. Every hole stopped will save a stick of wood. A window rat tling in the casement is a reflection on the owner's intelligence. Many an old house that is as " cold as a barn " may be made very comfortable by the aid of a few laths, shingle-nails and putty. Try it. Animals require daily care. Make them comfortable. Feed regularly and liberal ly, and see that they have a constant sup ply of fresh water. Shelter saves food. It sometimes does more than this. It saves the life of the animal. Butter and tallow are not economical food for cows and sheep. When we let an animal grow thin in winter we are ,ed lug fat andflesh. It is injurious to the animal and a great loss to us. Chaffing hay and straw adds nothing to their nutritive value. But with proper ar rangements it is more convenient to feed cut fodder; and when mixed with meal or bran, horses, cows and sheep will eat cut straw and stalks as greedily as hey. When there is an abundance of straw and stalks this is a very economical method of wintering stock. A bushel of chaffed straw (say 8 lbs.) and a quart of cornmeal, i three times a day, sa good allowance for a cow not giving lk. Cows giving milk should be allowed more meal or bran. Say three pints of cornmeal to a bushel of cut straw, three times a day; or a quart each of meal and bran. Horses should be fed according to their c work. A bushel of cut straw and two b quarts of cornmeal may be regarded as equivalent to hay. If the horsesare doing but little they will do well on this mix ture-being allowed all they will eat up clean. If at steady work, give two or three quarts of oats or other grain three times a day in addition. When feeding hay it is a bad practice to a let the horse stand with a rack full of hay before him all the time. We think it is a good plan to give all -heep a little grain every day in winter. Fattening sheep, of course, should have grain enough to push them forward as rapidly as possible. One pound of corn F per head per day for Merinos is an aver allowance. The large breeds dray be 14 lb. each perday. The better is to commence with half a pound of grain pea day, and as the sheep become accustomed to it gradually increase the amount. For the last month of fattening, Merino sheep can be fed l] lb. of corn per day to ad vantage. With good bright straw and the above allowance of grain, well-elected sheep should gain from 14 to 3 bs. each per week. Breedingewes and store sheep will win ter well-on good straw and half a pound of corn daily. Last spring's lambs shouldbe kept sepa- e rate from the older sheep. It would be well to give them at least one feed a day p of hay. Sows that are desirid to breed next April should be coupled this month. A little extra feed will secure the object. AfS terwards the sows should be fed suAlient to keep them in good, healthy condition, but not fat Young sows that are grow ing should be fed more liberally than od ones. The latter, if they have a warme, dry pen to run in with plenty of bedding~ wil require very little food. We feed our own breeding sows principally on bran soaked in water or the slope from the honuse. A few mangels maybe fed with great advantage to the health of the sows. But if you have notan ample supply better i delay feeding them out until toward spring. h Fattening hogs should be pushed for ward rapidly. 1l theydo not eat well as they will not pay for the little they do eat. oc Better sell them as soon as their appetite tb begins tofal. b Last spring'spigs which areto be fat- o tened next summer or fall aLould be fed ti liberally. This i the grecrat seet of pro- h ducing chotceporkat a cheap rate. A pig b well wintered is half summered. em If the ground is notfrozen plowing is still in order wherever it will dfacillfte t work in the sring. Wheat felds should be examined to see o if there are any parts lhable to be injured Il by water either now or in the spri. 'The necessary ditches should be dog tore the ground is frozen. e Get the implements all under cover. If , any need repairs place them where it will a be convenient to get at them daring the a winter. 1. Manure may still be drawn out and l spread on grass land or winter wheat. t Clean up the premises and make every- p thing tklyfor winter. a - - -Immediately ater the deth ottlate t child Priance, it was deemed that there do should be no music lathe Japmee houses eat three days, sad the order wa suaver sally repcted. Advantage of Studying Botany. h- The most important advantage realized y from a knowledge of botany is the'phan ure and happiness it gives. It makes us ýr acquainted with the vegetation which sur o rounds us, the trees, the shrubs and herba cenous plants, and also the grasses which contribute so largely to the wealth and e support of mankind in the temperate o zones. Having an intimate acquaintance with these, our daily walks or rides in the I- country are made doubly pleasant 'and 0 agreeable. The entire country belongs int in a measure to the botanist; 'tis his to en r oy and admire, and he often derives more Spleure from it than its owners, because e does not have it to care for or pay taxes Son it. We have known invalids to become per r fectly healthy by stuldying botany and eol t lecting plants, Th'leir walks and rides were pleasant and exciting. and their at t tention being always drawn to new and I pleasing objects, their exercise was not fa tiguing. They were looking for some I thing new, and rarely failed to find It, and sometimes it was a rare and beautiful flow 1 er. We have been told by doctors and - others that we could not live long. We I ceased to take medicine and began the a study of botany, and we have lived many r years since, and now can walk with toler able ease twenty-five miles a day to collect plants for the herbarium. To the agriculturist and horticulturist a knowledge of botany will give more pleas ure than other science. It is with plants I he deals, and the better lie understands them the better he can manage them and I the more happiness he can derive from c their cultivation. Such a person will be s apt to make his home pleasant and its sur roundings attractive with rare and beauti t ful flowers and flue fruits. Such a erson a has more of the elements of hapaes at I his command than a Stewart, Vanderbilt - or Astor with their millions; for these e last have made the acquisition of money ir chief end and aim. Their mindsbave r not been enlarged by scientific studies and they are strangers to the pleasures which I studies afford. The many cares which they have and which cannot be avoided lit i the management of such vast estates ren der lives toilsome and laborious, much more so than he who has a competency in the country, a good library in a pleasant home and a sqcentifie knowledge of his sur s roundings. He sees " Wisdomi ti Ues, books ia thb runbrooka, I Sermonus i stnes, and good In everythg. t -Rural Alabamian. New Plan of Church Beneveleaee. The State street Baptist Church of Springfeld, Mass., of which the Itev. A. K. Potter Is pastor has started a mutual relief association, the object of which is to "' render assistance to families or friends of the dead at a time when the expenses of sickness and the additional expenses of a funeral are often so peat as to impose bur dens too heavy for many to bear alone." Not only members of the church but all persons holding sittings and their children, can become members on the payment of fifty cents each. At the death of a mem ber each surviving member Is taxed thirty cents, and a sum equal to twenty-five aits a member is paid by the tasurer to such relative or Mend of the deceased as the board of trustees may designate. This Is not a charitable association; It is an appli cation of the principle of mutual Insuance to one of the Inevitable necessities of life. It is a reduction to systematic form of the injunction to "bear one another's burdens." The poor and the rich stand on a perfect equliry; all enter upon the same terms, aid all are required to take the relief pro vided, whether they need It or not. The organization of the society Is .simple and easily worked, and we are not surprised to be told that it is becoming very popular in the church. The need of some such sys tem of relief is apparent to every pastor. Families which In health are able to provide for themselves are often badly crippled by the doctor's and the undertaker's bills; and, if without surrendering their self-re spect they can be aided at such a time, the help will be of himense advantage to them, This church has also a parlor, which it proposes to have opened, warmed, aid frnished with good reading every Sunday afternoon, so that the operatives and shop hands who have no better place of spend ing their Sundays than the dingy dining room of some unconimfbrtable earding house may here find a safe and pleasant resort. If the parlor could be kept open ' every evening or the one purpose, it would be well. The evenings as well mas the Sundays of these working people often pas drearily. The time will some, we trust, when every eenskierablie church in the large towns will provide such a social room for thoe of its congregation who have not homes of their own. However, we do not wish to find fault with Mr. Pot ter's church; but to chronicle the satisfat tlon which we Rel ih every ueh atteUmpt on the part of the churcbes to do good to all men In practical and( rational ways. Indepseden. Pltihel City's Eise and Fall. The Pitteburghb Disept has a graphic but melancholy story to aelate of the rise and fall of Pthole Cty, which beats the histories of all the cities of the Western plains. But recently the Danforth Housea and al the furniture it contained, costhi originally $80,000, was sold for $100, that is but an instance of the gs blight which has fallen upon that ktri ous municipality. It is a remnant of oil Sthmes, and within one mouth after the first house was erected, an G80.000 hotel was built. In two mouths a daily paper was estaublished, and nla three a theser was built. Another month added a second theater and an Acadeemy of Music, though y.did not get to the erection of any other academes. I Avre months the city had her mud frUthaguisber, it being im possible to obUl water in the place. The completion of the half year saw sev enty-four hotels and saloons in full blast, and a Iopulation of 15,000. Now she is more like the cities of the plain than ever. Her theaters have vanished, her hotels have put up the shutters, and the telegraph has moved out. But nine families remain to mourn te general desolatie, and the Pibole and Oleopolis allsoad runs but se tralnof earsaday c and that for the prpo of holding te charter. The swmigwoodhtne iBawt .placipdar.o duect the plac. Aom'a-4hrowly ic