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THE MONTICELLO GAZETTE.
-i’KIN PED AND PUBI.ISHHD KVHliY^Ajl 1U)AY MY MILLS MARSCHALK, JEFFERSON STREET, MONTJCLtLO,"mIssTssiTpi. ' [V()l‘- rl__^ SATURDAY, JUNE 21, 1823. rNo. 12.1 TER .IS: Four dollars per annum, half in advance, the balance at the expiration of the year. Advertisements, not exreedih? ten lines, in serted once for oue dollar, fifty cents for each con tinuance; longer ones in the same proportion. (£7-Advertising customers will please mark the number of insertions required on the margin of their n Iv'-rtisements; otherwise, they will be continued Urifd forbid, and charged accordingly. FROM THE NATIONAL GAZETTE. SPAIW. The Abhe dc Pradt, Archbishop of Ma lines, accompanied Bonaparte into Spain in 1808; and in 1816. published a large pam phlet entitled “Historical Memoirs ol the Revolution of Spain.” The work, coining from an eye witness and a man of talents, *■ proved very interesting. It contains much historical information of many curious auec dotes. We have translated a few pages of it, which describe the character of ihe war in Spain and state the loss sustained by ihe Flench in lives. They will enable ihe rea der to calculate the issue of the Crusade Which Louis XVIII. has undertaken, in ihe h'phothesis that Ihe Spaniards persevere in resi-ting his designs.— JVat. Guz. “W'liile Napolen employed himself at Madrid in arranging the internal affair- of Spain, the war became general over the whole surface of the country and it was then that he could estimate its difficulties. In the Asturias, Marshals Lefehre and Victor had Won the bat'les of Keynn«a and Espinosa and overrun that province as conauerors. without gaming any real advantage—The siege of Sarrago Sa was begun; the battle of Tudela had disper ed the most considerable Spanish army; Ro-es wa« taken and Giron also. Marshal Gonv inn St. Cyr had destroyed in 'he engagement of Wals the victors of Bay len and their commander Rediny: and nev ertheless mattters were not tire further ad vanced Spain seemed to imitate ;he manure* vre of iho-e battalions which open in order to let the enemy pass, and then, forming be bind him, shower blows upon him while he is hurried along by the rapidity of their in oement. This is what happened to the French—they were the masters of the spot which they occupied from the head to the last ranks of their column—the wing* did not belong to them; the Spaniaids fled at their approach but returned a« soon as they Were gone; their number at any one time Was small compared with the extent of ground which they had to cover. They were compelled tube perpetually in motion; to op pose an enemy always flvitig, but likewise always present every where. ■‘Surh was the dieadlul caieer of the Fiench troops—such was the true cause of their destruction in Spain It is no by- hal ves tjrat they were wasted away, but by the * mountainous fare of the country; the difficul ty of communication; the insulated r harac ter of the settlements; the w ant of secure pi-ces of retreat, and regular subsistence; the unremitting hostilities of the population; the futility of their victories, and he inces san marches after a'n enetii^ that shewed bnoself only to disappear. Spain is not form ed like other countries; she is cut by mount lams tv men encompass some pails ol her ter ritory in a regular manner—ihis configura tion produced her political geography and her division into distinct stales. The moun tains present obstacles to assailant': and Strong points and places of refuge to the de fenders of the country: and moreover cur tains behind which you see nothing. The habitations are collected in towns or v illage-, so as to leave great desert intervals between them. You do not meet there as in other parts of Europe, those dwellings through the interior and along the high roads: which furnish shelter and the means of subsis'ence: all the cross roads are bad—wood, shade and Wa'er are wanting—no large vehicles for transportation are found every thing is done by beasts of burden — the hostile population harrass the invader in a thousand ways—a Luge army has extended difficulty in keep ing together: a small one is of little use. A Spanish war, then, is attended with difficul ties peculiar to itself, and insurmountable when you are not favored as the British were, and have not, as they had, an abun dance of money al command.” * * * “I shall proceed to examine what the Spanish war cost France in men. From the 3d May. lfJtifi, the date ol the insurrection at Madrid, and lie first fighting in Spain, tu the 1 Oth April. 1014, when the war ended tin re were six entire campaigns. These were not ititerr pted by any of hose inter vals of rest under the name of awni-tices, ivm’jr loaners, fc.c. which suspend blows. and give the combatants time to breathe. It: Spain, there was no intermission ol bostili tin**—not a day passed without ihe effusion ol blood, and that over tiie whole surface ot the country. Phe national hatred and ven geance admitted of no respite and no lenity. Destruction and death feigned for six years. E»ery Fienchman. however employ ed, and wherever loiind, was treated as an enemv and pul to death, without discrimination, ex cept as to the greater or less ferocity with which he was despatched. Mere, there was a cause of mortality ut.known in other wars. Add to this, the fatal influence of the cli mate: the absence of all assistance in hospi tals: bad nourishment; anil the fatigues of the arduous marches. “ The period when Marshal Massena took the command oftfhe army of Portugal is (ha: ot the greatest extension of the French ar mies in Spain. Me led mote than 80.000 men into Portugal. We may take 200.000 infan try, and 30.000 cavalry a« the maximum of the French force then, and 130,000 fool, and 20.000 horse as the minimum of the same, when M tctrid and Valladolid were abandon ed in 1813. ’1 he mean term It r ihe six yt-ats i« 140.000 infantry, and 20.000cavalry. Ad ding to the total of 160.000 the non combat ants ol every description, who cannot be reckoned at less than 40 000 you have in ihe whole 200.000 men. This calculation is by no means exaggerated. Six campaigns took place. So bloody and destructive were they, that the lo— of men ea< h year on an average, cannot bt estimated at less than one hundred i|iuu*and men. 'Phis esttma-e is higher than in ordinary ca^-es, but the causes of mortality were more various than in such ana incessantly active. I tJo not iloubl that there perished each year in Spain U>0, 0U0 Frenchmen, including all claves and professions; which make- a total of six hun dred thoii'.iiid. dining the ti years ot the in vasion. I he Frt noli lost mure than the Span iard*. I he Spam™ls f< light an infinite num ber of battles; attacked individually, in bands great and small at all hours—they spaietl no Frenchman that could he destiny eil They fired from windows, from'hehind walls, from acrliviiies and fastnesses -de feats in the field never ‘honk ibeirdetermin ation. nor arrested their hostilities—in the great battles they fled quickly and on every «jde—but they soon rallied in parties and hunted down the masters of the field.” FROM THE CGLI’MBl.v (s. C.) TELESCOPE. MISSIONARY COLLECTORS. The horse leech has two daughters, crying, give, give, give.—Trorcrbs. Gentlemen American commissioners, we want moue\, money, money.— Talleyrand. Mr. Editor; J he firs' and grand object ol the combined efforts of the congregational ists, presbyterians and baptists, is a Chun k establi'hment; an alliance between the church and state, connected with the com pulsory establishment of TYTHE8. 1 may have occasion by and by, to puhli-k the letter of the Kev. Mr. Thomson, of Pom fret, Vt nnont, as to the conversation he had with a northern member of congress in 1799, direct to this point. At present 1 confine myself to heir proposals, extracted from a discourse delivered be I ore the presbytery ol New-Bruswick, at their meeting al Trenton. (Jcl. ti, 1818, by Philip Lindsey, one of the professors at Princeton, New-Jersey. This gentleman sets out by staling what is the du ty ol a congregation to their clergymen. They ought to supply him. among other things, with a valuable library of his owr property He ought to be enabled to set ar example of hospitality and liberality; be should be enabled to give handsomely and munificently to all public, charitable and re ligiotis institutions; (1 sadly fear my calcula tion of 1000 dollars a year wants another fi gure added to it.) He should be toe almonei of Ins congregation.—He goes on, “it is me lancholy that our country men are soback ward in giving to the Lord’s treasury, [Lord’: lieasurv is always kept in the parson's pork eh] * * * * "But 1 think it was from the be ginning and still is incumbent on the stale u extend a munificent hand to this great woi k;’ the great woik of educating pious young met to the presbyterion persuasion exclusively This may be good clerical but it is bad ci vil policy. In a sermon preached January 23 18 22, before the auxiliary education society of young men at Boston, by Dr. S. F. Jarv is he says gloomy as this picture is, the- state merits to which I refer, do not exhibit tin subject in *ts daikest aspect. They hav« overlooked, or at least have not delineatec a very important feature. ‘ This is the rein sal ol the state government’’ to be persuad ed into a suppoil of the clergy under slate" sanction. The Kev. Dr. Leyman of Hatfield in Mas ! -acbuselts, so early as Nov. 4, 1804, preach ed a sermon on the day preceding die elec tion for president and vice president ot the L'niied S'aies. in which lie labored the pues lion of ajchurch establishments urgently in its favor. ‘ The civil no less than the*ccles- j ia>tical powers among the nalions, are to stand by the lord of the whole ear h. rl hey must Unite and combine their labors, and be come lellow helpers for the good and happi-' ness of the church. ***** "those who' would dissolve the connection teiueen civil rulers and religious teachers, anu destroy ' the influence which they have in that con-! nection are putting asunder what God has joined. God has joined Muses and Aaron,1 Zeiubabel and Joshua, chiistian rulers and1 [Christian teachers, and he never had a church |at peace and in prosperity, when the lead ers in civil life and teachers of religion did* not unite their councils and operations.” *** j *"'i he church cannot heat rest and in peace unless civil magis rates become the nursing ’ ,fathers of the church.” What church? Dr. Ley man’s chuich In b«#ure. If this be not dowmight courting on the part of the church, to induce the state to enter into a matrimo nial alliance with her, as has been done in England, Fiance, Geimary and Italy, I do, not understand the meaning of language. In this case, I suppose the Fresbylehan church will be the >pouse; the Congregationalist and Baptist will be ladies-maid; the upper house ’maid will be Fpi>c palian; the Methodist 1 w ill he her a-sislant; the Quaker the kitchen wench, and the Unitarian the slave of all, I w ork. j I D . tf .1 . I .. * . . ... »-»«» ii « i<uii ii irtuiiui ue • |>aia oy ine state, she is determined to he paid by the ! people, and w ill be paid too. In the Utica •Kepository, No. 6, i* an aiticle signed He meia, laboring to prove that by the law of liod, every individual is bound to give at least ONE TENTH ol his income to religious pur poses.” Every larmer "a tenth hu.-hei of grain, every tenth lamb, every tenth calf,” &c. all which donations he assures u.« can Le carefully applied. No doubt the parson can apply them very carefully. None of (he trea suries ol the societies (lie says) are over flowing. A-suiedly, the holy Almoners who apply alt these contributions to religious pur poses. will take good cate of that. 1 hi- publication ol Htinera has been fol lowed by a set of papers under the signature i ol Ihiio. at W ilmttigton in Delaware: in which he also adopts the tniaiged and mu ■ nificenl scheme of clerical support, advocat ed by Mr. Lindsley.—The plan of joling the people into a system of lythes, has been urgently purs, ed by the Kev. Mr. Harris of York district in South Carolina; who in an address I efure some female society or other in that part oi the stale, declares not only that tythes are of sacred obligation, hul that a tenth part of our income at least is due from the poorest member of society; and that it is the duly of the richer to give to religious pur poses even to the amount ol one fourth of their annual income. Doubtless this enlight ened society of young females are cotup* tent judges of this tytlx question. altho the clergy men ol England find it very difficult to reply to the arguments of the Quaker-. On the mean and reprehensible system, so gen erally practised among very many of the clergy, of obtaining a clandestine ascendance over tbe weak minds of the female part of their congregations, without previously con sulting their parents, guardians or husbands —the sytern of persuading out of their pock ets the pin-money allowed them for other purposes by their husbands and parents_ the system of cajoling ignorant females into subscriptions and contiibutions to rhjects and societies of whose value they cannot form a sound or accuiate judgment—of ob taining a domestic influence in every family by means ol the females who belong to it— i of enticing the women to neglect their own duties at home, to attend prayer meetings abroad—ut encouraging the-e night rambles i under pretence ol religion, when iheir par ents and their husbands reasombly expect the tern3les of the family to enliven and a dorn their ow n domestic fire sides—this sys tern of feperating husband ami wile, driving , tbe one to the tavern to fiolit with his com panions because a cunning or a domineering parson has tempted or ordered the other to prayer-meeting—this system, which teacbe a wife to make -tockings for the O-age In dians and New Zealanders, instead of mend ing terchildrens' clothes at home; and sub stitutes on her countenance the gloom of re ligious austerity for the cheering smile ol "" ■ 11 Tj. ■ ■ ii m dome-tic familiarity:- Of all this abomina ble system of domestic disorganization, under the hollow pretences of supemgatory devo tion, I will ties . God willing, more at large. Even if the husband, for peace and quietness sake, submit to this unnatural order of things, tbe women them elves ought to be ashamed of it. Their business is, by cheerfulness, in dustry, frugality and domestic habits, to make their own homes comfortable and de-ireable. If a w ife neglect her domestic duties, to run after parsons and prayer-meetings, let her not complain if her neglected husband should mispend his hours also. from the Bosion Recorder of January 19, 165:2, il appears that wo agents to three of the southern states obtained a subscription of a bout 35,500 dollars for toe Theological Seminary in Tennessee. In a publication before me of January, 1821 I find it noted that the Syn<id of South Carolina and Georgia has assumed he ie -ponsibility ol raising within the space of five yeais. the sum of 15.000 dollars, to wards the endow ment of a professorship at Princeton, New-Jersey.— Do the congiega* tions allow them-elves to be thus taxed, with out their knowledge or concurrence? On the 25th April, 1821, Luther Rice stated, that in a trip from Washington City to Georgia, from Jan. 1, to that day. he col lected subscriptions lo the amount of 100 dollars a day. beside 100 subscriptions ol 50 dollars a year for five years^fora Then), gi cal Professor, besides one thousand subscrip tions, each of £25, for a former proposed professor-hip, which he stated two hundred as already enteied, with great further pros peels for the present year. No wonder this gentleman charged 1717 dollars for a year’* missionary expenses; he well deserved if. Godline-s is great gain! I knew not how many varieties of the Leech nihe, find their way among us, under the characters of pious mendicant-. On the 24 h April, 1822 Aha Wo/ ds, one ofHhe profes.-ors of the Baptist College at Washington City, reported, that in a late tour to the South (l.e was very in* dustrious and urgent at Columbia.) he pro cured subscriptions, in about four months, to the amount of nearly 1*1.000 dollars. Loth er Rice conies on again and reports (his hav. ing milked the goats) to the amount ol go, 688 82 cts. Alva Woods drained in all, subscriptions to the amount of g 17,785 83 cenls. In Ohio and Indiana, a number of live hogs were obtained for the ‘ Lord’s Trer.su ry, at \\ ashington, (the Baptist Seminary there:) chiefly on the Wabash; they wi re butchered at Fort Wayne, and were vah ed at gl 1-2 each. In a letter, from an agent of the American Education Society, to his friend at Charleston, published in the Southern In telligencer. he slates a newly propo-ed sub scription, of 10,000 dollars, (to educate at Andover) for pious young men; and calling on histnend for aid. Me says there are up wards (if 800 such young men educating in the rrrthern states. Some time ago (at out June 1 think) there was another pious beg gar travelling through this state. The Bap tists at New-York had, with most culpable extravagance began to build a church at the cost of 30.000 dollars, when (hey could raise no more than 15,000 to pay for it. Whatif to be done? Carry your milking pails to the Southern Goats, they are always ready to he stripped—-so said, so done. Me had even in. boldness logo to Savannah, where the peo ple had her n insulted by ti e terms of the Vau V„.l, .1.■ _ 11 _I. ever to the amount of several thousand dol lars. Fellow Citizens have the courage to say ro. when you should say no; and before you send a dollar abroad, think whe!her it is not named at home. Be assured, those who 'alk you out of your money, are the first to laugh at their own success in practising on your good nature. ONE OF THE GOATS. REPARTEE. A smart repartee was given the other dajr at a place in the Trongate, Glasgow. «*nere ■ome repairs were being made on *he pave ment, and a very confined s#'*^ was left for the lieges to walk upon.—A beautiful young lady was met at this narrow spot by two gentlemen, (one of them an exquisite Cor iDthian) “1 protest,” said the dandy, “thi* place i» as nariow as Balaam’s passage.”— • Yes,” said his companion, ‘‘and like Bo. laam, my progress is arrested by an Angel.'1 “True,” said the lady, looking him full in the face, at the same time gliding neatly past din, and 1 am stopped by the Ass!'' Edinburgh Star.