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THE MONTICELLO GAZETTE.
PHIS TED AND PUBLISHED EVEKY SATURDAY BY MILLS » MARSCHALK, JEFFERSON STREET. MQNTICELLO. MISSISSIPPI,1" [VOL. I.] SATURDAY, JULY 26, 1823. [N* 17.] TERMS: Four dollars per inuun, half in advance, the bal ui'-e at the expiration of tbe year. Advertisements, not exceeding ten lines, in serted ence for one dollar, fifty cents for each con tinuance; longer ones in the sawe proportion. (£7* tdvertising customers will please mark the number ofinsertio.is required on the margin of their advertisements; otherwise, they will be continued until forbid, and charged accordingly. PROM THF. MINERVA. THE ROUGH SCOT. Man likes me not—Shakspeare. “De’il tak’ you, you idiot!- leave the room—what gars ye a blunder in upon a bo dy, like a stupid brute as y' are?—Quit tbe room I say!” cried old Moody to his aged aei vant man. The poor fellow looked humbly and sadly at his master, smiled a blessing in return for (his brutality, and drew the door toas gently as if be feared that the ve ry wind might disturb bis tyrant employer. In about half a minute he returned, scarcely daring to re-open the door, and said gently but very confidently, “Here is the pair wi dow, sir. what am I to ?ay till her?”—•* fell her, Dai id, that she's a canting auld — ... -.., and that she shall hear from me the day tnair than she likes!—a clashing auld lim mer, lhatcanna baud her gab ae minute, but maun ay he telling a* that folk do,’’ ‘ Dear me. gnid master! Bless his heart!” muttered Dai id. as lie went down stairs. Such contradictions struck me as very sin gular and unaccountable. Chance had made me an inmate ofthe samwtionse.—Mr. Moo dy bad always appeared to me a complete mipantrophist. and I had avoided him; hut there was something so surprising in all this, thai I was resolved to gel to the bottom of it. I accordingly hrihed David by a lew at tentions, and I learned from him hi- master’s verv singular character and history, as fol lows: Heir to a large e-late at the death of his fa'h'T, he wa-flartered and courted by eve ry one. Me possessed a natural blunlness and rough honest v; hut these were checkered With much na'i>e wit, and gilded over with the vvaritn st ■ lid most univet-1! benevolence. At In- lather’s demise, he found hi- esia'e eorum'tered to the greate-t degree and cl t'm-of every sort again-t the deceased. Most of the latter, the inheritor had the pow er of evading; and he might, by raising his rents, and by marrying a rich merchant’s daughter, have repaired the ruin of his for tune: but he lo<ed his tenants too Well to distress them, and the latter he did not love (re|| enough to make happy, whilst he was too fcanest to deieive her.—He accoidingly sold his «,state, except a portion of land oc cupied hy some old and infirm per-ons. This be gave them.—And lie tint only paid every one of his fathers debts, but providt d fora natural child of hi-, and took a number of hi- father's peu-ionvrs-upon himself, among whom wa- David, his body servant. Leav ing himself w ithoot a -hilling, lie now embarked in a merchamile speculation, which succeeded -n completely as to give a second fortune. Previou*, however, to this enterprise, he had thrown himself upon his numerous friends, in order to obtain some thing through their patronage. Many of them bad been esser’". -Ily seived by bis father ami family, and owed their advancement, nay, •onto of them their very fortunes to him; but be found every one of them desert him in iL- L __ I 4_: .1 Li~ U.,1 _ of money to many of them, flay and dissi pated youth* of all countries and ol all pro fession*; yet half of them now pleaded pov erty* and did not even return what they Owed, while the others avoided him and shunned hi* company, paying with an ill grace the loan, but wholly forgetting the obligation, and much mure that reciprocity of kindness and of service which former acts of friendship justly demanded. From a social turn and a degree of home spun mother wit. peculiar to the Scott, he now resumed a retired aspect, a suspicious brow, rode speech, and repulsive manners yet was his heart taken by surprise, both a broad and at home, innumerable limes.— Beat in only bis rugged sentinel at the door of utterance—oppo«e tiiilUne*s and patience to his harsh manner or reproachful air, and the avenues of his philanliophy, the high road to all his tcnderest sympathies lie un guarded before vou. F.ahorious were his undertakings, painful and fatiguing his toils to gain a fortune yet never did any man love money less than he. He was but a faithful treasurer of it for others ; for in doing unknowu good lay all his happiness and enjoyment, arid bis re proach lo tbo widow was for leliing the good he bad dune lor her. Q.11 hi* return '.u Eng land with plenty of money, he designed to give hi* fortune and hi* heart to a poor re lation* daughter; but she refused hint for a gayer lo<er and a red coat. He now took and educated a neighbour's child; but after setting his heart Upon it. it died. On (bis occasion he was heard to say, * D-the child! (ibis he no more meant than the man ■inborn,) why did it ever wind itself round my heart V This last word was spoken with the most strong and emphatic Scottish ac cent. He added, i‘wbat’s the use o' siller, if ane has no body to guid it to.’ In friend-hip he bad more than once been Ibe dupe ol an uu«u«peciing mind, so that he now suspected every man; yet he ceased not to luve him or to serve him. Meeting one day an old pensioner of his looking very pale, he addres.-ed him, (my reader must pardon the exjiression.) with ‘ D-von, wbat gars you look so pale? you’ll nut tak’ any thing to do you good. Da»y tell- me that you hinna the heart to buy proper things, and if the wine be over dear for you. its no over dear.for me ; you’ve naething to do hut to ask Davy, and you can hae what you want; if a puud a week be over little, tak’ twa.’ The man now hle-sed him.— Maud yoUr nonsense,’ exclaimed be, quite angry, *1 dinua do a' fhi- to please you; I do it because it j leased in w-If.’ Wha’the deevil i an -ee a lellow creature suffer, and hae siller in s pouch?’ On the occasion of the servant bursting inio the room, hi* mas ter wa» only angry writ hints* If. because be was caught in tears whilst reading an affect ing poem; and he was once melon the Dimitries road, having left his carriage, and travelling on loot, in order to conduct a lamb which m«d strayed from his mother, back to (be place from whence it bad wan urreu. vjn seeing me sneep approach it. bleating, he melted into 'ears;, then clap ping his hands, lie exclaimed, ' Plague talc’ the heasiie. what gar'd it f.-llnw my car riage : Bui bis countenance beamed de light at having restored the animal. Nor did hi- beneiultnre stop at the brute nea • i'«n. VVnli hi-tears, with his gold,, with his blood, wouiO lie naie succoured the leader wanderer from the right path—the deluded lair one, for his w is a soul of fire is-ning I tom all the dross and gloomy offensiveness of the coal that surrounded it—a gem unbo somed in the coarsest clay, a spark laten: in the roughest Hint, sharp, rugged, uncouth, and repellant; but once-struck, warm, lu minous, cheering and servicible. Whiil-l >e' feebly tracing his picture. I cannot suflii ienlly regret that as-mneil un natural exterior—the oath or tin* offpiisiv# speech which preceded his act- of benevo lence, and seemed to condemn bis feeling heart, which fain would accuse himself for what alone he seemed to live. Was it pride? Was it shame? Was it an angry mood? or what l-mere had habit. It was all in part. 1 no proud to seem liable to be deceived, he affected misantrophy and want of feeling. Ashamed of being so often betrayed and placed upon, be scowled and frowned at the very remembrance of man's ingratitude — frelteied by a most detestable habit of swearing, without the least intention of in jury or oi profaneness, he thus made his ill speech and gros- habit an off-recking to "bring up his head-way of benevolence—a reproach to himself lest he be too tender too kind, too heading, or loo bountiful to uncrateful man. Could the disgusting chaff and ill speech, and unbecoming manner be separated from the rich grain of charity ever springing up in the fruits of vinne and of good deeds— could this vice of habit, but not of criminal enjoyment, be abstracted from a life of the most generous benificence—could tbe harsh and unseemly casket be taken from tbe jewel within, Mr. Moody would be ‘a man indeed!’ but, alas! where is perfection in this perishable world? A discripiiuu of Egypt, recently publish ed ai Paris, contains a great number of plate* illustrative of Egyptian Antiquities. In tht subterraneous tombs of Tbebes, on the leu bank of the Nile, di-cuveries are daily made .if sntne precious fragments, whether of the work of Egyptian industry, or of Greek and Egyp ian writings, which disclo-es particu lars hitherto unknown, of the manners and 'he instituiinns of Egypt. Among these plates, are several representing :he su-j»ct of the pictures in the tomlts of th-- k.ngs. One extremely curious scene exhibits die metempsychosis. The arii-t in * manner em bodied this doctrine which Pr ih'aeor*-. bor irevved from the Egyptians. L'pou a lolly iri hiinal sits one of the principal Egy plain gods, accompanied L-y a figure boldiug a large bal •nee, Various persons approaching the tri bunal, in order to submit themselves for judg ment. Sentence has already been pronounced upon one of those individuals, who has been condemned to return to the earth in tbe snape of a bog The upper part of tbe picture is occupied by tbe emblem of the Egyptian Mercury, who, like the Mercury employed in tbe Odyssey as the conductor of souls, is arrayed with a rod, which he drives before him the unhappy wretch who has undergone a swinish transformation. JV. Y. Pap. war horses. FROM SOUTHEY's HISTORY OF THE PENINSULA WAR, JUST PUBLISHED. Two of the regiments winch had been quartered in Fwien were cat airy, mounted onfi <e black, long-tailed. Andalusian horses It was impiaclirable to bring off these, about 1 ItiO in number-—and Humana was not a man who could order ibem o be destroyed; he was fond of horses himself and knew Uni eteiy man was attached to the beast which had cariied hint so fat and so lanhtully._ 1 lieii bridles, therefore, were taken •>$, and they w-re turned louse upon ifie beach. A scene ensued such as probably never be foie was witnessed. 'I bey were sensible that they were no longer under any restraint of b man power. A general conflict ensued, in which reiaining the discipline they had learnt, they charged each other iu squadrons of ten or twenty together, ’hen cio-elv engaged strik ing with their foie feet, and tearing each other wi'h ihe most ferocious r-ge, and trampling over Ihose which were beaten down, till ihe shore, in ihe course of a quar ter ot an hour, was strewn with the dead and disabled. Part of them had been set tree on a ri-ing ground at a distance; they no sooner heard the roar of bailie than they came thundering down user the intermedi ate hedges and catching the con.agioua mad ness, plunged into the light with equal fury. Sublime as the scene Was. f was too horri ble to be long contemplated, and Romana, iii i/’.-icy, gate orders lor destroy mg them; but it was lound 100 dangerous to attempt this; and after the last boats quit’ed the beach the tew horses that remained were suit en gaged in Hie dreadful work ot mutual des ti union. NAVAL. The Prince Regent was lately launched at Chaih.o:i. in England, and is capable ol mounting 132 guns, though rated at 120. 6he lias four decks, is 205 feet long, ‘ be tween her p< ipendiculars” t>4 deep, o3 1-2 greatest width—burthen 2620 tons. She was seven years on the -lock-, and supposed to h ive cost 200,000/. or about 900,OUO dollars. A paragraph in a Philadelphia paper stales that ihe Prince Regent is not quite so lone as ihe ship now building in that city, and the writer thinks that "at some futuie day, her dimensions will be acknow ledged to have been considerably less. ' it is minnaled too, that our ship is more strong, as well as more elegant, and that the cost is much less, f he amount not stated, but we suppose it to be nearly two thirds. JViltt. BRITISH NAVY YARDS. Among the Navy Estimates, we hnd there hj «•»* a|>|iiupiuriuii iui tuis^rar, 10 me Der* muda Dock -Yard, of 16,000/. sterling— 270.910/. lo conipleie. Filly thousand pounds are to be expended this year at Sheer ness Yard—578.838/. more will be required — 25,000/. for Plymouth Breakwater this year—166, <82/. to complete—6o00/. ibis year at Kingston, on Lake Ontario, Canada —uncertain what will be required to com plete. At tbe desolate island ot Ascension, in the Atlantic, between Africa and Braizii, there is a pecufar crevice in a large Buck, term ed 'The Sailor's Pott Office,’ in which t,e crew-of vessels passing to India or return ing, leave such letters as they wish to send back, and which are punctually lakeu to ;htir de-ti; vtiqn by the next ship that pas •es iu toJt.'T'rary direction. Mc ’•hji' ‘ilion. — Dr. Ainsiie, of the British i>*si Inc.aM ompany, has written a letter to be editor <f4Aw Courier stating be has dis covered that l#e Balsam of Peru is a sever eign remedy to arrest the progress of monifi ration. The mode of using it, is to dip a piece oflint in 'he balsam and lay it over the af. ire>ed pari the m> ment mor ilkalion ap pear-: tim lobe repealed morning and eve ling until healthy graduations shall appear, hen simple dressings will answer, 1 be Doctor aays he was first induced to try the ■fficacy of the Balsam in the torrid cone, m ronsequence of its anliceptic qualities and its peculiar grateful odour, which so admira bly conceals the teter of purification. He says it smarts e good deal for a minute or two and then feels qui'e grateful. It is a val uable discovery if it should be found effica cious- London pap. The following elegant and forcible re matks are from the Baltimore Patriot. No thing can be more just than the conciusiun of the illustration.—V. S. Gat. The war in Europe presents us with e curious epitome of the present state of the world; it is, indeed, one of the the effects, a mere skirmish belVteen a few of the members of each ot the two great contending panics into which the world is divided. Man dif fers from other animals in possessing a mind capable of improvement—a faculty loi inven tion. The ragle builds his nest now with the same materials, and in the same mode which his ancestors did; he takes his tood and prepares it in the same manner. But man. gifted with an inventive imagination, has left his bu-by arbor and built a Ii<tie hut; be ba* improved on that and bull- a cottage—continuing to improve be presents us with the comfortable mansion of modem times. His powers of invention have not been confined to his place of abode, he has learned to travel ‘dry shod the vasty deep;* lie has, as with the wand of alchymy, im parted a value to the meanest pebble, and [ hrough' torth precious metals from the mean est ores, making them minister to bis want* and add to bis conveniences. Nay, not on 1 v hiinvoli ku kit ___ for defence against the a'tack> of natural foes, but he has learned to ward off tbe blows of the elements; to disarm the lower ing cloud of its foiked lightnings, and there by making it pars off harmless as its own shadow. ]i being then the nature of man to improve bis condition in this life, he lias instituted social compacts, formed aone. es and established governments. These vote originally rude and of feeble tenure-; be but improved upon them progressively, until we behold the mighty state with its many millions, a* one common family, moving in social and harmonious concert as (lie gene ral w eal may require As the defects in the dilieieut political systems become obvi ous they are remedied; the magna charta is impioved upon; a limited monarchy is sub stituted fora despotic;a republic foranaiis tocracy. It is this faculty for improvement that is now at war with its adversaries. It is a war of light against darkness-— liberty against slavety—the people, the great foun tain bom w hence all civ il and political pow. er mast, to be permanent, eminate, against a few wliu, for personal aggrandizement..are striving to impede the inarch of political improvement, and the diffusion of intellec tual light, that they may rivet the fast crumbling chains of slavery yet stronger, and thereby secure to themselves and de scendants a continuance of regal sway and consequent splendor. In this view, what ever may be the result of tbe present con test, the cause mill triumph—it is a law of nature and cannot be revoked nor evaded. The progress of improvement in the condi tion ol man is not to he interrupted by as piring ambition, nor retarded by superstiti ous bigotry. The tide of events will Bow on, the feeble barriers interposed by feeble man, notwithstanding. j Mail Robbert.—The Petersburg!) Intelli gencer, of May 27. says ibat Carroll. Dough erty ami Kelly, the three men charged with attempting'to rob the U. S. Mail near thia place in Dec. last and who were pursued and taken by the police master in Orange coun ty underwent their trial before ihe Federal court in Richmond on Friday last, and we understand were all found guilty. The pun ishment of these men rests wjin the judge, who is expected to pronounce sentence in a day or two. Henry Younkin, late postmaster at Union town, in Muskingnm county, Ohio, has bad his trial in said county for robbing the mail; has been found guilty, and sentenced to the Penitentiary for the term of three years. FOR SALE \T THIS OFFICE. WRITING PAPER FOR SALE at this office.