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PAqMFOVLSOtf’s AMERICAN DAILY ADVERTISER > ' ? GftUct at evening what they day brought fourth. , COWPBR. ’ Self-Confidence.—Although Luther’s ef /Jts< feet* were inconsiderable, he thought it ne '‘V c«**ary to make a will, but scorned to frame * one with the , usual legal formalities. We * have translated from Seckendorff, as cited to Dr. Robertson, an extract from it, exhi biting a singularity and elevation of senti ment, we carnet blame him for indulging. “I am known in heaven, earth and hell, and have adequate authority for this that it may be believed; since God, out ofnis pater nal mercy, confided to me, although a mor tal deserving condemnation, and a miserable sinner, the gospel of bis son, and granted that I should be faithful and true in it, so that many in the world bpv« received it through roe, and have recognized me as a teacher of truth. Haring despised the ban of the Pope, of Caesar, Monarch*, Princes and Priests, yea the hatred of all daemons, why 'hen is it not sufficient in a small affair, if iny hands afford testimony to this will, and it can be said—Martin Luther, the writer of God, and the witness of his Gospel, wrote this.’’ Analogy.—Des Erases, a French author, endeavours to refer to radical letters of syl lables as exp.essive of the meaning of words, most of the principal words of known lan guages; such for instance as St. is used in words signifying stability or strengih. FI, fluency. R, what relates to rapid motion, &ic. Dr. Walli.;, long before him. gives examples of significant roots.—Thus, word; formed. Upon Str, intimate violence, force andener-l gv, analogous t» tbe Greek stronnumi; as si rive, sinus, strips, .stress, ana so inrin. Thr, implies forcible motion: as throw, throb, thrust, threaten. Sp, dissipation or expansion as spread, sprout, sprinkle, split, spill, spring. Termination in ash, indicate any thing acting nimbly and sharply; as crash, ga-h, rash, flash, iash. The learned author produces a great many more exam pies of the same kind, which seem to leave no doubt, that the analogies of sound have bad some influence on the formation of words. At he same time, in all speculations of this kind, there is so much room/or lancy to op erate, that they ought to be adopted with much caution in forming any general theory. Writing. —1The great advantage of the use ofletters is belter seen when we contrast the resources to which rude nations have re sorted for the communication of their ideas, with the facility afforded by the alphabet. The first mode employed of conveying in telligence was most probably by pictures; and to this succeeded hieroglyphics, which pul things for names; such as representing eternity by a circle, Wisdom by an ant im prudence by a fly. which method was car ried to great perfection by the Egyptians The Peruvians used small cords of different sizes, and by placing knots in particular sit uations, contrived signs for thought. Of this nature are the Chinese written characters; every one of which (and they are said to a mount to seventy thousand) stands for a particular idea. Numerical figures, derived from the Arabians, are also of this species. From these imperfect substitutions men pass ed to an alphabet ol syllables; and such an one is said to be retained to this day in Ethi opia, and some parts of India. At length the invention of an alphabet oflet'ers complete ly answered every purpose; comprehending in twenty or thirty characters the elements of the sounds ^the human voice. Respecting the inventor, it is not known with a certain ty who deserves the honor. Cadmus is sup posed to have imported it into Greece, and his alphabet consisted of only sixteen letters, the rest were afterwards added. There are sufficient points of analogy in all the ancient languages to warrant their ascription to one sou rce. f ~r RELIGIOUS OPINIONS. “Diversity of opinion, (says a late writer) there always has been* and always will be amongst men. To bring all men to one Standard of religious faith, would be as vain an attempt as to bring them all to the same measure of height and stature; not two leives on any tree are exactly similar, and minds are as variously constituted as bod ies. Variety in short, is nature's great law. Diversity of opinion gives pxercise for mu tual condecensions, for charity, for free en quiry, and for fearless exercise of our rea soning faculties without which the virtues have no scope; and good thus results from it: lightning and earthquakes break nut God’s Sign, h is the variety of tones that produces the -weetest chord?-; whilst one unvarying note would tire and disgust, It is tht vaiim ty ot nature that imparts to its lovlier charms. , wm >e harmony in religion when men who agree to differ, will lMlt allow :he Chris tian name to those uho differ from the,,., selves. Only about one fifth pajt of the hu man race faapre, as yet, embraced the Chris tian religion under any form, and that sin gle fifth pari is divided into above five hun dred different sects. Among all of theae are undoubtedly many hOnesl,. many sincere in quirers after truth, whom God approves, and will finally accept, notwithstanding tbe mis take of their heads. It is no uneoininon thing for a large por tion of persons whose time is unavoidably engrossed by the cares and concerns of life, or whose hours of religious study are prin cipally confined to tbe Sabbath day, to per plex themselves with different sects and o pinions and to display ali their zeal upon the hidden and mislerious parts of scripture, though religion '.va* a mere system''of dis cordant opinions, instead of being wbat it really is, a rule of daily practice. It would contribute much more to the cause of Chris tian truth, and rgucb better to their own comfort and improvement, ff they bestowed their conclusive attention upon the obvious doctrines and practical precepts of the Gos pel, and less upon mysteries and, specula tions, which tend to strife and discord, rather to edification and brotherly love— What ever these may effect, one thing is certain, that they neither enlighten the mind nor amend the heart,*nor improve the mor als; and they t^rrlainly sweeten temper.— They lead men only to contend so warmly for what they, do not understand, that they are in danger of fo'rgelUng to practice what is most important for them to perform. And remember that it is the best religion which leads us best to fulfil our duties. He who does justly, loves mercy, and walks humbly with God. is most acceptable to him; and he who thus aims to be good will not finally fall to he hanriv. FROM THE DEMOCRATIC PRESS. There has been published in Edinburg, tlie life and adveutures of John Nicol, Mariner. This man himself was totally il literate, but a gentleman who heard him re late bis adventures, has humanely underta ken the task of Editing the publication al luded to. yVe furnish two extracts. “The first wish.” says John, ‘,‘1 ever formed, was io wander. My life for a pe riod of 25 years,Vas a continued succes sion of change. Twice I circumnavigated the globe; three times I was in China; twice in Egypt, and more than once sailed along the whole land-board of America, from Noolka bound to Cape Horn ttFice I dou bled it. At one period of his life he sailed as steward on board a Female Convict ship, about to sail from the «'J haines for Botany Bay. The account be gives of some of the prisoners shows that even in those recepta cles of crime all are not so depraved as is generally supposed. “One. a Scottish girl, broke her heart, died in the river, she was buried at Dart ford. Four were pardoned on account of his Majesty’s recovery—The poor young Scottish girl 1 have never got out of my mind; she Was young and beautiful, even in the convict dress, but pale as death, her eyes red with weeping. She never spoke to any of the other women, or came on deck. She was constantly seen sitting in. the same cor. ner from morning till night; even the time of meals roused her not. My heart bled for her—she was a country woman in misfor tune. 1 offered her consolation, but her hopes and heart had sunk—When 1 spoke sue ueeueu me not. only answered wilh sighs and tears: If I spoke of Scoiland, she would wring her her hands and sob until I thought her heart would burst. 1 endeavored to get her sad story irum her lips, but sbe was silent as the grave to which sbe hastened.— 1 lent her my Bible to comfort her, but she read it not, she laid it on her lap, after kis sing it, and only bedewed it with her tears At length she sunk into the grave, under no disease but a broken heart. After her death we had only two Scottish women on board, one of them a Shetlander.” ‘•One day I had a painful task, to inform the pare nts of one of the convicts, that their daughter Sarah Dorset, was on board; they were deceut looking people, and had come to London to enquire after her. When I me! them they were at Newgate; the goaler referred them to me. With tears in her eyes, the mother implored mt to tell her if such a one was on board. I told them there was one of that name; the farther’s heart was too full for him to speak, but the mother with streaming eyes blessed God that they had found her poor lost child, undone as she was. I called a coach, drove to the river, and had them put on hoard.—The farther with a trembling step; mounted to the ship’s side; but we were forced to lift the mother on board. I to. k them down to my birth, went for Sarah Dorset. When I brougli' [her, the farther in a clioakiug voice, said. |“my lost fluid,’* and turned his back, cov ering his face with his hands. The mother threw her arms around her. Poor Sara’ [fainted, and fell at their feel. I knew D< i wbat to do; at length she recovered, and in] the most heart-rending* accents implored their pardon. She was yooog and pretty, and bad not been two yearsdroin her farther’# 1 house at thispressent time; so short had been her course of folly and sin. She .bad not been protected by the. villain that ruiped her above six weeks' when she was forced by want upon the streets; and taken up as a dis orderly girl, then sent onJboard to be trans ported. This was £er short but eventful his tory. . One of our men, William Power, went out to,the colony, when her time was ex pired, brought her home, and married her.'; 4 FROM THE ST. LOUIS (MISSOURI) ENQUIRER. I LON MOUNTAIN. This place is in Washington county, in ibis state, and is tbe most extraordinary store of Iron ore that has yet been discovered in any Country. It Would not probphly/be trans cending the limits of truth to say, that it would supply the world with this useful min eral for a long pefiod of time. In appear ance it bears a strong resemblance to native iron, and yields on fusion 86 or perhaps 90 per cent. There are other placesdhat have been de nominated iron mountains, such as that of Traberg in Sinoiand. amj| two tbe names of which we do not recollect, that have been discovered in Lapland; but none of these can be compared with tbe mountain of Mis souri, either in point of magnitude, or in quality of ore. i nr peculiar quaii'y or ine ore or; which this section of the country is tb^ rich i depository, is worthy of attention. At a bloo mery erected by Messrs. Perry and Ruggles, iron is produced of a quality greatly super ior to any that can be imported, aiftl is work ed with greater facility, and is found to pos sess in a very hieh degree the properties of steel.—Axes plough-irons, and other imple ments of husbandry, made of this iron, with out any addition of steel, are found nearly equal to those formed in the ordinary way. MONTICELLO ACADEMY.^ SCHOOL will recommence on Monday the I'fith insl. Terms may be known by application at the Academy. A few boarders' can be accomodated at the Academy at ten j dollars per month, for board, washing and lodging Monticello, Sept. 6, f823-22tf ~ notice! THE undersigned obtained from the Or phans Court of Lawrence county, Let ters Testamentary on the estate of John Ray, Senr. deceased, bearing date the 23d of De cember, 1822:—AH persons, therefore, hav ing claims against said estate are required to exhibit them wilbin the time limited by law, or they will be barr’d. WILLIAM BEARD,) JAMES RAY, > Exec WILLIAM RAY. \ Monticello, August 30, 1823—21-6 notIce!! THE undersigned having accepted let ters of Guardianship from tbe Honora ble the Court of Probate of Lawrence coun ty. in the case of D. C. Williams, hereby make known to all persons having claims' against or indebted to said Williams, that' application must be made to them accord ingly. F. BLAIR, S. JAYNE. Monticello, Aug. 27, 1823. JOHN BIGGS, S; RESPECTFULLY informs the citizens 1 of Monticello and its vicinity that he has commenced the batting business, near the market house, where he makes and sells hats ! at the following prices: BEAVER HATS MEN’S <8 00 CASTORS Do. 7 00 RORAMS Do. 4 00 Do. BOY’S 3 00 1 Do. CHILDREN’S 2 50 t MEN’S WOOL HATS 2 00 N BOYS Do. l 50 l! The highest price given for lambs wool, or! sheeps wool of the second shearing. j1 The subscriber wishes to let two wagons,!1 one a four horse wagon the other for two j horses which be will hire either with or with out the horses. J. BIGGS. i Sept. 13-23-3 NOTICE. ' ALL persons interested in the estate of ' Howell Hargrove, deceased, are hereby noti fied, that I shall exhibit my accounts to the Orphans Court of Lawrence County, at Oc 'ober Term, for allowance and final settle ment. JESSE GRICE, Ex'r. ' Sep'. 13-23-3 bLiak decljrations For 8ale at this Oifice. )rug, Medicine, Painty Dye-Stuft STOKE. (AIR STREET, BERT BOOR BELOW THE CORNER OF SECONB STREET, BATCHER. ' LEHMAN AND BEAUMONT, OTTER TOR S»LE ON the most liberal terms, for cash, credit with ipproved security, or country produce, an exten live assortment of Drugs, Medicines, Paints, and L>ye-3tuffs, warranted Of the best quality, being (elected in petson by one of the partners in New fork and Philadelphia, a few M which are enumer ated as follows:— MEDICINE. Turkey Opium Camphor refined Peruvian Bark Rhubarb Gentian Root powdered Jalap Cream of Tartar Pink Root Quicksilver N ufoiegs Cinnamon Cloves Ginger Flor. Sulphur Rochelle Salts Sal Soda Sal Ammon Vel Spt do. Vol Spt Nitre I'ulc Spt Hartehorn Gum aloes Flor Chamomile Gum Arabic Pow’d Ipecacuanha Castile Soap Cold pr. Castor Oil Common do Sweet Oil Caraway Seeds Aniseed Magnesia Calcined Common do. /Ether Vitriol Alkohol Borax refined Lunar Caustic Flor Benzoin Sait Petre l artanc Acid Sup. carbonate Soda Tartar Emetic ' Flake Manna Common do Beit Senna Liqourice Ball Gum Assafcetidn Roll Brimstone m Balsam Cop&iva Gum Copal Shell Lac Mastic Elastic Myrrh Tragacanth Gamboge Scammony Kino Oil of Roses Oil of Vitriol Marine Acid Calomel prepared Aqua Fortis Nitre Fortis Salt of Tartar Corrosive Sublimate Red-Precipitate White do Sugar of Lead White Vitriol Glauber Salts Wine Bitters Phosphate of Iron Oxyde of Bismuth Tin Foil Oxymuriate Potash Allspice and Pepper. Apothecarrics Glass-Ware, and Surgeons In* trurnents of all kinds. PAINTS, DRV AND IN OIL, DTE-STUFPS, &C. White Lead in kegs Red Lead do Litharge do. Spanish Brown do Yellow Ochre do Venitian Red do Annotto Emery Nutgalls Verdigris Patent Yellow Terra de Sienna Umber Chrome Yellow Prussian Blue Cochineal Madder Blue Vitriol Manganese Alum Copperas Saunders Spirits Turpentine Copal Varnish White Rosin Yellow Rosin Spermaciti Oil Glue of fine quality Gold & Silver Leaf Drop Lake Grain Tin Crude Tartar Pot and Pearl Ashe* Lamp Black Whiting Stone Ochre Linseed Oil English Vermillion Chinese do Bolus Knives Coloured Smalt* Indig* Logwood • Spruce Ochre Patent Green King’s Yellow Orange Mineral Ivory Black. Patent* Medicines. p . n i . • t __ t vnucis British & Harlem Oil Lee’s Pills Dyott’s Pills Andersou'a Pills Hooper’s Pills Dysentery Pills Opodeldoc Dyott’s Medicines Turlington’s Balsam Bateman’s Drops God.rey’s Cordial »* urui-seeu VJii Itch Ointment Essence Peppermint Swaim’s Panacea Eye Water 1 Tooth-ache Drops . Dalbys Carminative Columbian Oil Worm Lozenges Gout Drops Rheumatic Drops Balm of Life Miscellaneous Articles. Parchment for Deeds, Sweeping, white wash. Hearth, Flesh, Counter, Shoe, Harness, Hair, Scrubbing, Furniture, Wiudow&Graining brushes Pine and coarse spunges, hatters* cards and bow itrings, cologne water, bed pans, drinking glasses or the sick, fishing lines and hooks, oyster knives, •ates, sand paper, playing cards, Stoughton’s bit .ers, pomatum, salt of lemon, durable ink, liquid md paste blacking, Windsor soap, vegetable emo. ient soap, rose and other fancy soaps, otto of roses, ilver and brass wire tooth brushes, red, black and issorted; starch, hair powder, rappee, macaubau, Scotch and cephalic snuffs, black lead sand and crucibles, apothecaries scales and weights, Reeye’t . vater colours, camels hair pencils, red and black * ead pencils, letter and school paper, butter prints, crayons, a great variety of tooth powders, &c. Lc. Syringes, lancets, clyster pipes, pill tiles, mortara ind pestles, essence of spruce in pots, quills, spec acles silver and gold mounted, and a geueral as ortment of Garden Seeds. (p* k. & B. feel satisfied, that no establishment the kind in the state of Mississippi can offer greats ?r inducements to those who deal in this line, i ho :ountry merchant, physician and planter, will find t much to their interest to give them a call. Medicines can be obtained at all hours of the light. Physicians’ prescriptions put up with great ;are and despatch. Prompt attent-on given to couu ry orders, and all articles warranted genuine August 9, 1(523_21-6m Constitutions OF THE Itteti of W&feztezippi, PRINTED IN A NEAT AND WORKM tN-LIKf STILE, For Sale at this office.. . ...• * - h