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ÜSN. S.VniRÜAl.^ËPTÊJIBER 3, 184*.
w. w- LEL.YND,
ft I T :) U AND PUBLISHER.
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■urn ponJi nee of the Cliarh -ton Courier.;
W Washington, July lîîth, 1842.
ftrim II »use, to-day, was exclusively oc
d with the bill introduced by Mr. Ar
H of Tcnm -ee, to reduce the pay of
Mr,',, rs of Congress to six dollars a day
r mileage in proportion. The tame
■l also reduces the compensation of all
officers twenty per cent. A motion to re
ar the bill was lost —55 to 1U7. Mr. Ar
IM|! W as anxious to refer it to u select
Mmmiitec, but it was objected that this
Ao Id deleat the bill. A long debate pu
ftMcl, in which a reduction of mileage was
ESarin'.y advocated by those who have but
|ilie interest in that emolument. Mr. Fill
■More stated that he had not much objection
B a reduction of the pay, but if the mile
much reduced, it would not be
ng before the seat of government would
! removed to the West.
■ In tact, the mileage has long been look
Mi upon h^re as necessary to the very exis
Mnce of the Union. When it shall cease
■ be the interest of the members from the
Mrcat and predominating West, to come
Mither to the outskirts of the Union as the
»at of the central Government, they will
Mroposc and carry a removal.
■ Various arguments were urged for and
^paliist the reduction of thé per diem of
It was said that distress pervad
V the country—that the treasury was omp
■■—and that Congress was reducing oth-1
ft expenses—and that, therefore, it was !
ftoper that their own pay should be reduc*
■ At length the previous question was or
and the bill was passed to a third
^Ma ling—yeas 89, nays 79.
■ Mr. Mar>hall then rose, and in an ani
d and truly excellent speech, gave hi?
»ons for voting against the bill. In the
■ourse of his remarks, he stated that he
M^ u:i 'd never come to Congress again.
The House finally adjourned, amidst
■lcs in favor of passing the bill and clani
Mrs against it.
M la the Senate the revenue tariff bill was
ft^'n up, and Mr. Woodbury made an c
^phirnic and able argument against the
Mtli. lie opposed it chiefly for the reason
it was exclusively protective in its cha
and that it was intended to yield
M*enty seven millions, whereas only tw*n
My would be necessary after tho restoration
Ml the land revenue to the Government.
Blllili COMPLIMENT TO AMERICA,
ft At the closing meeting of the British As*
M°ciation, recently held at Manchester, Sir
M°hn ilerschctl discharged the duty allotted
Mo bun by the Association; of embodying
■he expression cf the feelings of pleasure
Mnd gratification created by the presence
Bot the distinguished guests from abroad.—
|ln alluding, in the course of his remarks,
ftlothe eminent men who had contributed to
■»he cause of science, he took the occasion
■ pay the following compliment to an A
■ ««encan citizen :—Saturday Courier.
I "I ought not to conclude the mention of
■ 'hose names, without referring to Mr.
I ^ehoolcraft, an American geographer, who
has communicated to the Geographical
» Society of London a serifs of observations
°« the lakes of America, which ure consul
ered ol very great importance and interest.
" w impossible for me here to allude to
an y member of the United States, with
le fence to matters in which the least na
lional feeling is awakened, without paying
a tribute to the high estimation in which
science is certainly held by that great and
rising country. (Applause.) In every
department of science, especially those
which receive their impulse from Europe,
they appear to take so warm an interest
and part, that they may be regarded in
that sense, at least as more completely our
brethren than formerly. I would that the
tribute which I have in humble and inade
quate terms attempted to pay to the scienti
fic ardor of our American brethren, (for
so I must call them) had been paid in the
presence of the American minister, who
has been with us at the former part of the
week. However, I trust that the expres
sion of it may in some way be conveyed to
his ear, and that the Americans will per
ceive there is a feeling prevalent amongst
the scientific men and amongst ail classes
of this country, that wo trust will draw
closer the ties of brotherhood between the
two countries. (Loud applause.)
A TROPICAL CLIMATE.
The beauties and blessings of a tropical
climate, are thus described by a writer who
had experienced it:— Saturday Courier.
"Insects arc the curse of tropical cli
mates. The veto rouge lays the founda
tion of a tremendous ulcer. In a moment
you ure covered with ticks. Clticocs bury
themselves in your flesh, and hatch a largo
colony of chicoes in a few hours. They
will not live together, but every chicoe
sets up a separate ulcer, and hus his own
private pus; flies gets entry into your mouth,
your eyes, and into your nose. You eat
flies, drink flies, and breathe flics. Liz
ards, cockatrices and snakes get "nto your
bed—ants eat thu books—scorpions sting
your feet—every thing stings, bites or
bruises—every second of your existence
you are wounded by some piece of animal
life, that nobody has ever seen before, ex
cept Swammerdam and Miriam. An in
sect with seven legs is swimming in your
tea-cup—a nondescript with nine legs is
struggling in the coffee—or a caterpillar,
with two or three dozen eyes in his belly,
is hastening over your bread and butter.—
All nature is alive, and seems to be gather
ing her entomological hosts to eat you up
as you are standing, out of your coat, waist
coat and breeches. Such are the tropics.
All this reconciles us to our dews, fog, va
por and drizzle.
Colt's Submarine Battery. —The an
nouncement, published in the newspapers
last Saturday, that at half past five o'clock,
p. in., that day, there would he a trial of
Colt's Submarine Battery on the Potomac,
near the arsenal, drew an immense con
course of spectators to the contiguous
wharves, shores and buildings, which com
matided an eligible view of the vessel, which
moored about one hundred and filty
yards from the shore, and underneath
which, at the bottom of the river, was
placed the case of combustibles to blow up
the devoted vessel "sky bigh."_ At about
hall past five o'clock the fine steamer Sid
ney, having on board the President of the
United States, the heads of departments,
the Mayor of Washington, and many other
distinguished citizens, passed down the r;
by the arsenal, to her appointed sta
The President was saluted by the
marines at the arsenal; soon alter which,
the signal gun being fired, the vessel doom
ed to destruction blew up. The explosion
grand beyond description^ An im
mense body of water, with bricks and frag
ments of the vessel, rose perpendicularly
great height, and then descended into
the water at a short distance from where
the vessel was stationed; but the vessel had
suddenly disappeared amidst the "wreck
of matter," leaving no trace behind? The
scene was, indeed, a grand and imposing
The trial appeared to us to be com
w t S
pletely successful. In about twenty sec
onds after tho signal gun was fired, Mr.
Colt applied his powerful apparatus, (plac
ed five miles distant, near Alexandria,)
and, in the twinkling of an eye, the vessel
entirely disappeared. Every one present,
of the vast multitude assembled in steam
boats, carriages, on horseback, and on foot,
should think, to no less
t|) 9 ii six or eight thousand spectators,)
seemed to be highly gratified with the im
posing grandeur of the scene, and to regard
thu experiment as eminently successful.
We have never witnessed so complete, pow
erful, and singular illustration of the force
of gun-powder, united with the power of
science. The arrangements seemed to
have been admirably planned and executed
_not the least disappointment or failure to
produce the tremendous and mighty effect
which was promised, precisely in the man
ner and at the lime proposed. It is grati
fying to loam that no accident of any kind
occurred during, or in consequence of, the
explosion. The weather was fine and a
good opportunity was afforded for every
one to see the great and wonderful experi
ment .— y at. Intel.
"I have got one thought." —Handel,
whose divine compositions seem to have
p roceeded from a heart glowing with the
fire of a seraph, w'as, notwithstanding, what
some would call rather a gross mortal,
since he placed no small happiness in good
eating and drinking. Having received a
present of a dozen of superior champagne,
he thought the quantity too small to present
to Ins friends, and therefore preserved the
precious nectar for a private use. Some
time after when a party was dining with
him, he longed for a glass of his choice
champagne, but could not easily think of a
device lor leaving the company. On a
sudden, he assumed a musing attitude, and,
striking his forehead with his forefinger,
exclaimed, "I have got one thought, 1 have
got one thought !" The company, imngin.
ing that he had gone to commit to paper
some divine idea, saw him depart with si.
lent admiration. He returned to his friends,
and very soon had a second, third, and
fourth 'tought.' A wag suspecting the fre
quency of St. Cecelia's visits, followed
Handel to an adjoining room, saw him en
ter a closet, embrace his champagne, and
swallow repeated doses. The discovery
communicated infinite mirth to the compa
ny, and Handel's "tought" became pro
The way to build up a Republic.—
Ohio, though not half a century old, has
more collegiate institutions than any other
State in the Union. Aliama University at
Oxford, founded in 1809, is the parent in
stitution, and lor 12 years was the only one
in the State; next came the University of
Ohio, al Athens, in 1821; then followed
Franklin College, At New Athens; West
ern Reserve College, at Hudson; Kenyon
College at Gambier; Granville College, at
Granville; Marietta College at Marietta;
t »berlin Institute at Oberlin ; Cincinnati
College and Woodward College, at Cincin
nati; and still another is about to be estab
lished at Delaware, 25 miles north of Co
lumbus. This is within one as there is in
all New England. Nor has this State been
attentive to establishing these higher semi
naries merely. There are Hbout 80 Acad*
ernies and Grammar schools, with nearly
5,000 students, and 5,200 primary and
common schools, comprising about 220,
000 pupils, of whom 52,000 are educated
at public charge. This is the way to train
up an active and intelligent population, who
shall give a high and noble character to
the State, and make its name famous and
respected throughout the land.
Yankee Enturtrue. —Mr. Samuel
Whitmarsh, a distinguished silk-grower in
Northampton, Massachusetts, failed in his
business at the time the mulberry-tree bub
ble burst, three or lour years since. No
thing depressed, he went out to Jamaica
with his skill and mulberry-trees, and
"traded" with the Government there for
the introduction of the silk business into
the island. He has succeeded well, and
after a recent visit to London, he has re
turned to Massachusetts to replenish his
stock of silk-worm eggs, and other infor
mation. I !e soon returns to Jamaica, hav
ing contracted at Manchester for the con
struction of an iron cocoonery two hun
dred and forty feet long, twenty-four feet
high, and about thirty leet wide, which is
to be taansported to Jamaica. The cover
ing is to be sheet-iron, the windows of gauze
The expense will be about eight
thousand dollars. This durable material
is used as affording a greater protection a
gainst tde moth, and other enemies of the
It is the intention of the British
capitalists to extend the silk business all
over the island of Jamaica-—[JVtirarfc Ad -
The London Despatch, in an article en
titled "Royal Extravagance and Popular
Misery," says: "The extremes of immeuse
wealth and wretchedness, almost beyond
credibility, have been exposed in our free,
enlightened, and happy nation, within the
last fortnight. The Queen and Court have
been displaying wanton splendors, as if
every blade of grass in the country was a
clue to a mine of gold, while the Children's
Employment Commission presents a re
por. to Parliament which exhibits wretch
edness almost impossible to believe. Eve
rv newspaper may be divided into two
parts, the one exhibiting grandeur beyond
the phantasies of the Arabian Night's En
tertainments, and the other exposing mise
ries which the mind can scarcely bring it-1
self to believe."
From the N. Y. Herald of the 21st.
ELEVEN DAYS LATER FROM EU
ARRIVAL OF THE BRITANNIA.
Regency of France—trouble in Spain —
overland mail—state of affairs in Aff
ghanistan—the Chinese offering terms.
The Britannia arrived in Boston at 4
o'clock Friday morning. We received
her news at 4 yesterday morning.
She brought eighty-six passengers to
Halifax, and fifteen from thereto Boston.
The news is of great importance,
overland mail had arrived.
The Chinese had offered terms: to pay
.$40,000,000, and to give up Hong Kong
to the British.
The Duke of Nemours is to be Regent
The Christinos at Madrid are still active
against the Regent. It is understood that
the Cortes will be dissolved, and a new
one elected, about the month of November.
A Golden Calk. —The following ex
cellent passage occurs in an article in Fra
zer's Magazine, entitled "Courtship and
lady who has been accustomed to the or
dinary eleganecs of lile for refusing to
marry a poor man; but must beg my sweet
friends to recollect that though a man with
out money is poor, a man with nothing but
money is poorer still."— lb.
I certainly blame no
A Heart. —What a curious thing a
heart is, ain't it young lady! There is as
much différence in hearts as faces. A
woman's heart is a sacred thing, and full of
purity. How proud a man ought to be,
to have it placed in his keeping,—to have
a pretty girl love him so well that she will
give it to him and tell him that it loves him
more than any other! "Isn't it curious,
Peculiarities of London. —The cads
of London have a term, "the raw," the
meaning of which may be inferred from the
A coachmun had favored his friend, a
cockney, with u scat upon the box, and the
possession of the whip and reins. The
horse jogged lazily nloni», despite the re
peated application of the lash by his new
driver, until suddenly a very slight blow
aroused the animal to a rapid gallop. The
cad seized the reins, and resumed the whip,
with the significant remonstrance—
"Come, look o' here! None o' that! I
let's nobody use that raw but myself. That's
for Sundays!"— lb.
"All fo* Love.— The strongest case
of love and devotion of which we recollect
to have heard, says an exchange, is that
ol a Kentucky gallant, who got into a hol
low tree, where he lived a whole week,
peeping through a knot hole at his true
love, as she sat sewing bearskin petticoats
at her window- — lb.
Taking tub Veil. —"Pa," said a little
girl, "do black men ever become nuns?"
"No, mv love; what makes you ask such
\Vhy, you told me that taking the veil
made a nun; and the black man who stole
the clothes took mas veil!"— lb.
"Do you keep confectionaries here,
Yes, my lad."
Well, sister sent me to get some—I
guess I'll take three, done up in a newspa
per without no printing on either side."—
There is a man in Rochester, who has
become so celebrated for adjusting difficul
ties, that the ladies in his neighborhood,
when they are out of eggs, send for him to
settle coffee. — lb.
Confab. —"Papa, what does the Editor
en- lick his Price Current with?"
"Whip it? He don't whip it, my child.
"Then he lies, pa."
"Hush! Tom, that's a very naughty
the "Well, by George! this ere paper says,
'Price Current carefully corrected,'—and
if I guess when I gets corrected I gets licked
a —hey—don't I?"
"tfvf ced —my son."—J2ic&. Star.
re- *-—— ■ 1
' £BY Tduk. It is better to turn the
°> d coat said my Aunt Providence, than to
two run m debt for a new one. But see replied
L there is a hole in it! Nevermind that
En- Raid »he—put in a patch—a patch upon the
1 sleeve is better than a writ upon the back ;
it-1 coat at home than a new
one in pr-on.
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