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Elmore bulletin. [volume] (Rocky Bar, Idaho) 1889-1906, October 19, 1889, Image 1

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ELMORE BULLETIN
VOL. II.
NO. 21.
ROCKY BAR. IDAHO. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 11*. 1889.
A SCENE FROM LIFE.
FAMILY SCRAP BASKET.
RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL.
ANCIENT ROMAN NUPTIALS.
RATIONAL TRAINING.
OLDEST MAN ALIVE.
USES OF PHOTOGRAPHY.

A SCENE FROM LIFE.

Xitsr. »I Niuil .U l»r a rtiiinM.
pher ..
dsn
It. H «n wav.
It wa< on a highway running into a
city in Pennsylvania,
driving out with u load of brick and
the other driving In w th a load of hay
früh allem,.:. ;
innd hole and a* a consequence their ;|,
teem* c.ime head to head an l »topped.
• Um, there »honU-d tue brio . man.
there, youmolf! repiiod the
othm -
K
•i II atop here a whole year flrjtf
Ami 1 IS stn> len of them
Both proceeded to make themselvei j of
a* com ortable a* |Hre*ible, and to up. j
pcar oarele»* and Indifferent as to re- j
suits. 1 Mher t 'uvoieus Uh>^ the other
side of th« hole, and |m»»oil them by.
*° * l buc.une it question of on Juraioo
At tho Mid of an hour the hay ni.m \ of
-If there's any one man I hale above
ancth r it s s human» hog!
"Then its a ~ouiier you haven t . n
hated yourself to death! wits there*
tori, and »Hence reinned sup erne again,
Another hour passed, mid the brick ;
en« man was
"tilling to turn out? '
"No -
"Neither will I!"
ndin observed:
••Tin going to sleep, and 1 hope yon
won't disturb me. '*
"Just what 1 wa* going to ask of
you. -- repiiod tho bay man.
H >th pretended to sleep, but at the
end of tho third hour the buy ma i sud
do .ly called out:
••Say! You are t* euned man man!
••The same to you!
••Wht-re you going with those
brick?"
"Four milei out. to John Dayton *
Where are you going with your hay?'
"Say. man. I'm Jotm Dayton myself,
••Well, Cm young Milner, mid l was
driving tlie first load out! '
—What foo s we a o' Here, lake all
tho road. "
•• To Still or s h-lc c ya -d "
and I've traded this hay for brick!'
Aud in tlioir liante lo do the polite
thing thu load of hay wa* upset and n
wheel t i.ion off tlie liriez wagon. N.
Y. 8un.
"No no let me turnout"
"I'll turn."
"No—lot me."
i
:
'
FOOL'S H HA JITS.
TH. Folly or rirklii« l'|* fills. I'larin*
('null mii«I Other I o»»l «It Hub !•
A certain Senator of the Unltod States j
could never sea a pin lying on the Ih*'-
or in tho street, without picking it u;>.
ThU habit of p it-^atharin^ he follow mi
for year«, un i then suddenly broke it
The thnu' p ht of tin 1
I in. t nnu n in in un
foul use* to which some of the pin« I
had pic ed up might have Kam put. '
quite overcame the habit."
q We know a clergyman who saved ev
hi! of „trine could find Ni
ery bit of string lie coula lieu, ivi
matter how d.rty ll might be. or hov |
much time might bo ne.-essary to un
tangle it. it seemed lm,m-s ble for hit: 1
U, pass t. by He «a* al length ..! i
to Zontlnue the practice by hu pi,)
„im... . .„„„I | 1 ; 1 , 1| |,„I it
•icisui, who axMureu Hun iD»i 11 eipow«i
iii « #„„, 11 *, *.» .k* ,in,itr..r *.!
to the dungcr
TT o'I r dnv m- observed an ae
nn ™° 1 e a fu d ivc c r .
I H .m lfu!u clel'!e :
u iuh . hâmlxiîrahie
"It's a lui I h ibl T ve contracUHl " Ik
a il lHiirti.tr .-At ftra* I notioHl thn
R " "i l al.lt
orcaslonnlly I «w t P n g -i»,
the »tree . I wond* red if it w. re jm»n
«thle to lind a wliitle pack. So I l*iga
And if you'll IwUevolt I vo been twelve
years collecting tlint puck of cards: I
have found tho same card over and
over, but till) pack isn t complu e yet
1 don t advise any body to follow nr.
example; but the habit is so settled
U|*in me that 1 can t seem to stop il
The nbove-meatiored haliil* with
off.
•*i saw a man one day prick a small
ulcer witli u pin and then throw u
away," ho said
pin after that
"1 never picked up n !
time lnvqlvod. certainly do not com
mend themselves U. anyone.
We can no! forhmr luldmg to th.
lUt a practice n, ».•« dangerous than any
of the foregoing that of putting Money
against the lips amt even ii.io th,
mouth. No one knows who handled i«
last or wtuit contamination may Unger
aboutit Let no mother give sliver com
t« her baby t<» **eut iu lei tl» u|m»h.
even wh»Ii ing doe« not alway« dretrey
. .....
An Augusta bank cashier recently
told mo about a queer ex par lonec.
There came inh» hl» bank a needy man
with a wild look in his eye*, who »aid:
°I guess i'll tkke that money. "Him
money?'' • ■There '* five hundred thou
sand to my credit hu-e, ain l th.ir« 1 '
The cashier tiiought he was taking
wtth an cacapod inmate of the mstitu
tlon across the river. "I guess you vo
made a mistake " .aid he Then his;
visitai '» eyes began ta roll strangely ;
he rubbed thorn with his hand, and n
sheepish ex pression jjiime over hi* fai-o.
••What what s the matter? he ask«l
.
their element of danger from con in
gton. to »ay nothing of tho waste of
the germs of disease,
pun ion.
Mesnaxrixsd into Wejlth.
A mome.it later It uamu out l liai tin
man had been mesmerize,I. hiul iieen
made to believe Hint he was rich, ami
had «covered himself in the bank. IU
was hs poor ns imverly. but hiul nil tiic
sensations of being a millionaire for
uhout five minutas. UswUtawn (Me.)
Journal.
— One of the most serious defects in
the femintue miiul, remarks the Ko
ehester Union, i» the Inability to deni
with machinery, ll is
hud a woman who ri
idea of a mevhnnicr! contrivance so as
ta »et tt to rLlit» il it goce wioug.
u turc tiling to
•uliy gra»|t* Hie
ANCIENT ROMAN NUPTIALS.
Hew «H» Harri«*. Kit. Was Pfrturm.il
ta I h. Par» et (a...r.
TH»
Inde-emh-nt of the legal form* there 1
w«H-utexM-ial observancesof marriage child
which were the »ante whatever was the the
legal ceremony chraen. At night aiL early;
. a the .Ur of Venue be ran to ehine. ' very
;|, e bride wa* fetched from her father s other*
house. She wa* druased in a white can
rolw a »ymtiol of her virgin purity,
bound round her waiat with a wuolen u lty
tush; her hair was plaited into six j very
tresses after those of the Vestal \ ir- etry
K lnSi on her ht*;id »he wore a flume- dunce»
colored veil and a froah wreath of the it
»acred verbena, for the wife wa* prlowt- made
his in hor family. Under tho protection liked,
of Juno Ihimiduca. the home leader,
„he passed through the streets accom
panWd by her friends and lighted on be
her way with torches. By her side The
there waliced * yuung boy carrying *11 of
open hu» It el, in which thero l*y a hank lin»*
of wool, a distaff and a .pindlo™for what
»pinning was Ilia great duty of tho Ho- read
matron of the republic. To be a
good spinner w»s a gum in her crown to
n f virtues, by the side of chastity and
frugality, and the emblems of this occu- Ing
pal ion were held in honor even at a
time when the chosen pursuits of wo
men were very different I
Arriving at the door of her new home to
she found it wroathed with flowers in ing
honor of the festlvo occasion, thi the ty.
doorpost» »hu hung fillets of wool and
anointed them with oil a* a symbol, it Is
would seem, of fortuity. She was then tion.
lifted over the threshold, a natura in
which we may see a survival of the and
time when wivee were habitually stolen
from neighboring tribes and carried by the
force to their husband's heu-e. this
]„ t) lu atrium tho bridegroom re- j
reived her. handed U> her a key ns a sign
of lier rule In the house, aud offered her
fjpa a ,.j W ater to represent the noces» a
ries of .ife which were at hordisposal. be
Answering to tho tlxed formula in
which he addressed her. asking who
,hc was, she replied: "Where you are
Cains there am I Cala," as wo might for
say. "Your people shall be my people,
your house my house, and your life my
life." The |>air then sat side by side
on two chairs covered with the fleece
u f n ,h«ep und the priest joined their
hand*
The marriage contract fixing tho
i amount uf the dowry said the mode of
: its administration was then signed, and
a banquet followed, during which five
' wax candles were burned, while from the
j wall» the waxen musxsof the husband's
ancestors, dis'ked for the occasion with
flowers. looked down from their open
cupboard» with approval.- National
Review.
„„ . , . _. _ of
Tile manner in which we spend our
1 , . . , , , , j 1 I
jotguro lacxed freedom and mdopoud- *"
omv bvlt abounded in régula By and b
' V inil „,„.„ a Th „ (i ^. man
n^Ld^n^anL^r to^T.pK
{T ,, lav , as hi might he li often ""
„ " ) \ \
c h Br ged with too great seriousness and
| . f Rn j ,hi. criticism is not unjust
f fLo that he is. on the whole nit a*
1 , , w w ,. Hboui J want h m to
i B I he is on tlm other h. nd a," m be d
^tnÏiy chUdUkr n r. g,^ smise
oxei.iiuigiy cnnuiiae. »
# •» ui word* hob. ana rule, reveren- ,
1 , , , .
t ial and submissive, simple and uncon
bimtnaUjd > l le way» o io woi
. "" h W ' l ' h ', ,e T',
: Ul0t I>, spite of lho large amount of
work he accomplishes, he is after all a
I lrult y *>ard> sp«* unoii o a ly o
006 ^ unc ^ Kn ** r©|f raoii
: hlch ''" d tbu «?7 r * lbR
Snxm, youth from the Unlveral y at
L»lp*lg. counting hundred» of student« j
j n ^ linos, excelled hy lta vigorous
maPC |, 08 „„j valiant doods in the war
I u( ]H j 0 | n the history of this war we
^ (>f r)î(f i mon ts that marched for
twe „ty.three consecutive hours only to
f(lll jn li|10 of txuitlo at tlie end of such
a |1MM . oh; B nd the studonU covered
theiiis Ives with glory in this oam
THE GERMAN SCHOOL-BOY.
-k«d a» Ou» I» Ac.
Nul t| u d* ■•• "lew
rintuuiU'l lo flunk.
!
|Ht gn. _
I doubt, however, whether tt»G»
i?yiiiiiui*!H«t coulu do the work h«
a.»», and prrae ve hi* good h *>*' lth . » B
H were not for the judicious disposition
„f b U leisure hour* during which he is
lotooIylndllljfed but carefully guard
! „j in al | tho details of Ufa Moreover.
ho thus filtcil ta withstand the gr*M ,
i« am(mnl of „berty that is bestowal up
on hi|u when bo erad uatad nnd en
j tho university. Among the thou
san( j H 0 f lin lven»ity «tudenU, there are
yer y few who »uccurab to univeniity
..... TV «
which the gymnsslast was compelled
to regulate hi* free hour* the «Ilf-con
I trol. the *on»o of duty and love for
higher ai m.**. which ho gained not only
, j n the do»»-room, but also daring hi» .
^ 0 | HUre prevail in the ond. and, as a
| rul(J he nlllkos a final successor his
„ntvo slty course, and becomes a use
f u | cltlzcm. Tor he who has learned to
' obo y in all things is most likely to
rujtumand in all thing*—George Murltx
Wmhl , ln Atlantic. |
vo —-- - -
his; On D.ngerou. Ground.
; They wrro gol tl„g a kldorgartan
n | eillH)n The teacher took them as very
Hlmpl , «„lijorta She touched a tabla
| -Wliat Is this?"
"Wood. "
"Wliat ts this?*' she asked, as she !
touched the fender.
"Iron."
•■What is this?" and she took up an
acid bottle.
.
of
mat
tin
ami
IU
tiic |
for
i
"Ginas." j
i "What is tliis?" and she touched her
w atch chain.
•'Brass." said one small boy. and she
changud the subject— Ban Francisco
Chronicle. I
!
t
in
Ko- :
deni
as has any old clothes until he has married
to |
Hie i
— A man never knows 'hat a woman
ber. — Atchison Globa.
RATIONAL TRAINING.
TH» rr«rp»r W»r «t l».r.ia»l»| Ih. In.
ni School € Htlilr.a.
An
ir' Ip
The development of the mind of the
child mutt be determined ln »oute. I it
the reflective facultle* develop quite is
early; in other* quite lato. Some are
very imaginative and love poetry; | 1*1
other* are not at all imaginative end I on
can not bear to read jtoelry. Some wa*
children develop a maihema.ical fac- could
u lty and dolight in a Uhmetic, and can liny,
j very soon study the e eineuU of geom- ,
etry and algebra. Others are almost
dunce» in mat hematic*». In older time« with
it wa* hii|>|m>»«h 1 that a child «hould ho ; io
made to study that which he most dis- j woHc.
liked, in order to promote his equable for
development For example, If his
memory was poor. his memory should to
be trained directly. This is wrong, ehret
The mind must proceed along the line» ened
of greatest activities. not along the j am«
lin»* «I the least activities. Let us see; more
what this mean* If achlld de ights to
read and write, but has poor technical I
memory, let that child read and write ' he
to her heart's content Let the memory
alone, but give exercise* in reproduc- ! him
Ing what is written or read, also in i the
comparison and association. The tant
memory will be thus trained without' a
I giving words or dates to be committed '
to memory. Much is said now concern
ing the training of thu retentive fscul- j of
ty. and the best conclusion of tho*e who
have studied the matter is that memory '
Is strong in proportion as the observa
tion. association and imagination are
strong. Careful habit* of observation
and the forming of habits of associating
similar things will always strengthen ' the
the memory. In no other way can
this work be accomplished.
j Then wisdom shows us that we the
should give such children as have poor he
memories a great deal of observation
work and association work, and it will
be seen very soon that tho memory will
assert its power. For example, if a
child dislike* to memorize date* in bis
lory, at first, give no dûtes In history »O
!
for the child to remember. But what
shall we do? Take this course: Tell a
story to-day. to-morrow tell another
one: let it follow in the order of time ui
after the preceding one; the next day
tell another one let this follow in the
order of time. Now. after several «h>
rie» are told and reproduced, ask which
one cnuie first, which second, which
third. Now, what relation has the sec
ond to the third nnd so on. After the of
order of relationship has been est all
llshcd. then tho date can com* in; but
not until this order of relationship ha*
been established should the date be
If this course be pursued, the
given,
children will have no difficulty in re
mem boring dates and name* also.
The reason that some children do
not like numbers is because the faculty
of relation is not developed; the child
. . ,
puzzle# over his example« in arithmetic
*" . , . _.. ,
b « c * u,u hö do « " ol lho reUUon
between their parts. He reads: "A
n,an bou ' f '" ' p ' e " of ï '? und ,ür • ÛOü ' "
"" d one-half It for *WU andl one
\ fourth of the remainder for $200. W liât
... . . . . . _,
dld he ,URK f , by tho , lran,R ' :lUm
a* ^"».V entirely unable to solve .uch
"> «»»«nple a* tl.D-not because it is a
be d ' mculU l but lhe ^ b
U "' not , 0,eRr ' y
Do not urge children on in matheinat
, « * . al . . . J
ic» faster than they can underetanü;
urr> th g m on „ po^iMe ln lho
direction they like to go. and every
nmnth reclassify the school In refer
of ence to attainment* Very much more
a ^ ^ M under t hU head, but
o enoU! , b b as been written to «how in
what direction» children should receive
Impulses, and in what directions U.ey
at ,J uld not . _j ero me Alloa, in School
j ourna i
we
to
j
Whon a drop of tho juice of sorrel,
garlic, saxifrage or nasturtion is put
upon the tegument of a snail, the ani
mal manifests pain and exudes abund
ance of its mucous secretion: yet it is
not thu , affw . U)J bj . a dpop of «ater. !
h« a v. , i Mt u tÉI m apk«ii hv
» B u 'h „h^ wo lmve a right ta rS.^d
», jiih-es. wo lice» right ta^regsra
is
' "• ^ " y f
m ."equation
, ** f .Uh kl ~ 1 mlnta '
"*"?"*£*tll meals cd
en- e id f nt J ' k |f in lhU 1
uZT hJv^b^n
are . f » , . . DlirU ;
* »^ » , h *v m
SLÎS
concelvt . lhal an intlnlta variety
' ^ deffrmil u f chemioat
for ^ t , r T, nir tntA i of ore
. . itrotociion j
hi» . „ wn % nt -j n | nir .„„.«...tibi* t , nn iti
a .. * _ * . t « ,, _ n | mÄ » A
his ^^^Ttîlie^ sTrasai"/^ 1
use- * " . , other animal»
to B , h «n ih«v can not !
to n J'' 1 c ' . 1 i
go 1 , . w . b k „roDortlon*
| Z I T T " I " d TtUe but
are eaten by huraes "' d C " U '"' b "'
snail, arc mit fo d of them. But the
It freely ef'iTr . .
very j ,.xt acted with alcohol. —
, y . y . p 01>ular s*-i«.««c
Month 1 ' * ^
she !
an
WONDERS Or NATURE.
Fiant* ProlKInl hj Thrlr Jules*—HaMU
of Ih« MbmIL
i c *- But. as subsequently a large msn- j
j ufacture of the same kind of earthen
her ware, wa* carried on at laenzu. the
■•majolica" wa* drop)**! and
—••Majolica" was the name at fir»t
given by the Italians ta a certain kind
of earthenware because the first specl
tliat they saw came from Major
mens
name
she "faience" substituted. The term "ma
loi tea' is now used to designate vessels
I made of colored clay and coated with
! while opaque varnish so as to resemble
t ••faience;' hut it is of much lees value
|hnn the latter.
OLDEST MAN ALIVE.
An Hun«arlan P».«»!>! WHn Vu Morn In
th» Vwr IT«M
The oldoat man in the civtiiied world.
J TH.
it may bo »aid with re i»omiblo »afety. I
is Nagy Ferenez. a iwasunt in Hares, *ng
Hungary. He wo. horn la He.lrahely. ! toUL
1*1 years agi» lie passed hi. bovhot'al
on the little farm of h • parmi» He ul,,
wa* not an especially robust child. He 1-0,1
could not haul and split wood, pitch
liny, and Um« colt*, aa could hi* three
strapping brother* who died half a "e
century ago. It * father regarded him
with di* f nvor ht^cauno ho was» too *<*ak °
io do more than a po »aut woman » o*«h
woHc. and did not earn enoujrh to pay ,
for hi* food At th« a^e of nin- teen,
however. Naif y »V» douly develojKHl in- ^
to a phenomenally muscular man. Hl* • u
ehret * idened, his arms and legs hard
ened and his girth increased. He hi- *
am« n famous local wrestler, and did
more work in a day than moat peas ml. |
Hedrahely did in two. n
Just otto hundred years ago last Ma) dl
he fell in love with the daughter of an
inn-keeper. She premised to marry
him on July SI. 17Htt. Twodaysbefon
the wedding day she jilted hint for hi»
tant friend. Since then Nagy lia* been
a woman-hater. He never loved an
other woman.
of
ful
Tour ye irs later he went to the w*
of the first coalition. Tor the twenty
succeeding years he was almost oon
' »tmitly under arm* in camp or on the
battle-field He was one of the victor*
under Archduke C irl of Austria at
Wetzlar, and one of the vanquished at
Marengo and Hohenlinden. Ho helped
' the Archduke win the victory of As
the second dnv of tho tmltle at l-elpsii
he got a bullet in Ills leg and three
more in his hat lie saw the Archduxe
Carl many time* Ho saw Napoleon
once and Itlucher oms»
Nagy » boyluHal wa» lived long lie
fore the days of compulsory education
»O he never !<*.. ueti to keep a diary or
_!n the »louiacii of a cow which died
|iern, and he d.d his liest to save tin
! Austria::* from defeat at Wagram, tin
write memoir* He he.• an immens«
fund of anecdote however, which I» at
the service of any one with a half hour
ui spa *o at Hare* Tho children uf tlie
town have heard from him every wee
for many years the «tor.au of the fa
mous charges, retreats, sieges and
campaigns in which he lia» parlici
paled. Tlie great eve t of his life, hi
thinks, was his attendance of the funcni
of his dead (Jueen. Maria Theresa. HRi
years ago. Although hut twelve year«
old then, ho lias treasured up for mon
than a century every detail uf tho pro
cuaaion and hurial
Nagy Terencz is penniless, but he tv
not a beggar nor a public charge. A
ready to give him f od. clothing ami
shelter. He takes ail his meals with
«even families, whom he has known foi
,, . . . ,
fifty years. Each one entertains hin
* » . . ....
««« d ">' ln " ,e *« slt Between meal
he walks from house to house, chuttii.i
" l "' " ll 1,10 m *>"
meets. He rarely talks with women.
for he ha* not forgotten that one young
_, .... ?.. .
woman who jilted him one century ag.
this month. After e.ch moal hesmok.s
a pipeful of strong tobacco. He hi.
b '- 0 ' 1
^, d "> * h « Uil
year* He is fond of his wine and an
J , .. . .
occaaional bf*or. The frh-nd« with whom
hu dinei( „ive him every day lücent.
with which to buy tobacco and liquor.
Altogether Nagy Terane. 1. a sturdy
contented, mutable old man. lib
health is good. His mind 1. fairl,
clea- He ha* plenty of friends and all
the money he want» for «niokin? and
drinking. ' He looks « well and h.pp,
score or mure of families in Barra an
ho i* He has clear, dark eyes
deun-cut, regular feature* and a
j smooth bronze skin. He has a bushy
head of white hair and a heavy whit*
mustache. He ts erect and quick in h s
movements. He is scrupulously neat
in his po son. He looks to be 70 or 7b
year* olil— N. Y. Herald,
Sleep Produced by Hypnotism.
is
! A ° mtorwating com of changing natu
rHl hypnotic *Ujo|> has been con
tribut.»! b, the Amsta dam physician
^ Kentarghem. to • The Tydschrifl
voor Ganasakuiide." Some days ago.'
y f he «rite». "I traveled tage her in ..
»«way carriage with a friend whom i
' ^ '"«d of rheumatism by hypnotic
cd -kk«* ion. He fell asleep In th!, oor
1 nor of the earrlage anu I laissed my
hand three times over bis leg exactly
; a» I had dune when treating him b)
hypnotism- Than 1 put his arm in u
I.'L„„.,iLi.MU.-.,.,,
•*» without movement, and whl.pere.1
to him that beTn„»t continue to sleep
ti l we reac od our dretinatUm. whon 1
j exacted him to hand over to mo the flvi
iti gulden he owed mm at the dinner table.
A and with a pro|H*r apoiogy. Thetleep
1 »• MMfcd and promit ta do every
,hin ff ho wa * told - As soon as the
! train stiqqied he awoke and when w«
were sluing at the table he handed thi
money o»or to me, with many apol
The cas.: show, that hy moral,
"' b a, ld l)vor ,he knee which
)y lhe 1>alll , nl ba d
lnto Butt |ieculiar sleep which
— Mtherto has only heen brought on by
'"»"'"ff «»«By Ht » by ad.lre»*
ing him snd shutting his eyelid* '
T hs Lstast and Worst
••Why." asked the railway traveler.
In a spirit of jest "do so many people
visit Chicago?'
j • An j tbun w hen his companion bad
^ wou)d hav „ give it up ,' the
the
puuster gaily exclaimed:
• For divorce roasons! ' Chicago
Globe.
in Mussex County. N. J . *« found i
number of stone* the size of large wai
nuts and a custr-trou bed-roller.
USES OF PHOTOGRAPHY.
are
race.
TH. Vale, sf th. Art to au-satlst*. Ms
wHaoleu anil Mil 1er H»o.
*ng put in this year l**y can hardly tie
toUL I«« val e in illustration to well
•'»own I« all Here it he. helped pop
ul,, ' lle * rlt,tU ' work * ,lü «hsapsn tile
1-0,1 of P r °d uol lon to a surprising
,u * * lew hour* need pass
hpj®"» «*e thought of the artist le made
"e joy of the reader, di awing, photo
r> * ' I 1 ,u ■ ,n ' pnnlng
° i,,w on * * u *° l liîr * lt 1 »»*«•« »
o*«h |r y »P«« from the
, nowwpapor "cut to the wonder
rw ^ >r0x 111110,1 ° p»mt i*ifs y Uw
^ otograv ure process a«, mount on
• u »PP in *'* u > ,M » of victorious achleve
^ Ph<»U»graphy. maile Ui serve
* I re a « a*a urac\ t e common am
lhe *'*' ,'' IC * «'if >n tin
| l< * e< * ' ,H ' ' UI '\ "° r * ,r !.. " lu,l '*
n color of the work, ot Hq.tarei iste* are
dl *** VM ^ 1 Me J 1 ' 0- * n ' |" lr *' uca
Uon "' « °* IncaleulaW.i value,
The uses to which photography 1* be
ness
to
the
of
At
Tlie uses to which scienee has put
photography are very numerous, from
records of the Infinitely little to the In
finitely great, from microscopy, which
deals with the invisible, to the vas! ness
of astronom eal wonder* The latest
contribution to our knowledge of the
tun. moon and »tars made by photo
graph» taxon by the aid of the (Hiwer
ful telescope at the l.tok Observatory
strongly contrast with the researches
into the invisible world of nature ro
of
vealed through tho microscope. Dr.
Draper made the first daguerreotype of
the moon in IHtO; Foucault, of Parts,
first succeeded In making a picture of
the tun in lHt.i; and it was IHM) liefere
Prof. Bond, of Harvard College,
made the first daguerreoty pe of a star.
In IH5I Dr. Busch, of Koenigsberg.
photographed u solar eclipse
scientists. Prof. Schuster and Mr.
IcK.-k ver, in 1XHJ obtained a photograph
of the spectrum of theecli|i*ed sun. In
1H81 Dr. Henry Draper had successful
ly phot--graphed a nebula, and later
the »(lectrum of a star Kven the
aurora borealis lias been photographed
this year.
In connection with the study of spec
trum analyst* photography lias played
a most lm|Mirt part, for it ha* recorded
lines not visible to the naked eye—
lines revealed only hy the photograph
in that part of the *|ieclriim in the vio
let and lavender regions, and even bo
yond. where all U dark to us.
In tlie study of stars by this pro
cedure we learn how some are like our
sun. others giuwlng masse* of matter
just beginning to burn, and still others
nearly burnt out. like Arcturus and Al
debaran. We marvel, when we think
how feeble seems the light of tho stars,
to learn that only us much light can
coiuo through u slit 1 -.'tôt) of an inch a*
is porinitlod to affect tile sensitive
plate. Again, the movement of tlie {
earth would in tlie two hours required
to form an iinuge soon carry the light
off the plate were there not ingenious
mechanical apparatus hy which the im
age i* always kept at the same plui*o on
the plate
And now photography is not only
used for mapping out the known heav
en* but tlie t *mera reveals to us the
presence uf star* which the human eye
has not seen. For many year* Miss
Maria Mitchell and her assistants have
photographed tlie uver-changing sun
spot* Astronomers from all over the
orid have met in Paris and arranged
a plan for using photography to ob
tain a picture of the entire heavens.
Cameras will bo set up in ntunlre-s of
observatorio* In many countries, and
many negativi-s made of the entire con
lent* ot tlie universe. It i* proposed to
catalogue two Million» of the brightest
star* and note their |«>»ition with great
precision, as until such maps exist
many other astronomical problems can
not be solved. We knov for Instance.
I hat our sun with its planetary system
» voyaging through space.
•hart» will help determine the route
and e rcumstanees of the journey.
In war photography lias been ute.l
since the English made pictures in the
Crimea. Balloon photography has be
come quite an a t Balloons are said
to be 'perfectly safe from rifle or artillery
Are if seven hundred yards above the
ground. Electricity I» made to play Its
part in exposing the plate in tlie camera
attached to the balloon. During the
Franco-Priissian war and the siege
of Taris small photographic copie,
of valuable documents and dally pa|sir«
were made and rolled up into quit *
which were fastened to carrier-pigeons,
ami thas taken to their destination with
out t e linos.
The Eiffel Tower in Taris has been
offered to Trof. Marey to enable him to
make studies in photography of birds in
flight; and very instructive résulta are
autiei|iatu<l.
Both in our a-nty and navy photo
graphic outfits are furnished, and some
of our officers have become very expert
Thotography may he applied to survey
ing. as I,inti tenant Keed. of the United |
States army, has described It may
also serve for studies In me'eorology.
Thotographing rifle-bullets aud cannon
balls in raotiun has bee -mo an every
day matter, hut a novel experiment is
said to have been made not long since
in Berlin by Trof. Treeson, who
arranged within a cannon-ball a sort
of camera which recorded the charac
ter of its flight. A liny pin-hole ad
mitted light, and a sensitive plate
within the bs*l recorded the twists and
turns of the projectile in its passage
through tho air. The gun wa» fired
point-blank at the sun. which sent a
beam upon the plate, recording itself
a* a point, but as the ball swerved
died more away front the sun a spiral line
was formed and marked upon the plate.
—J. Wells Champnaf, in Harper'»
M*g salu*
Two
a
tv
A
an
all
a
s
7b
..
i
my
b)
u
1
flvi
the

thi
d
by
Theee
!
bad
the
i
wai
b\
to
RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL.
Aa
— The colored women of the South
are earning for Hieinselvra créditât !«
position, as leaeliei'» among their own
race.
— There wen« filfi conversion* and
accession* in the mission church.*
served hy »Indent» of Garrett Kiblical
ills'itute last year.
The Massachusetts Agricultural
College at Amherst ha» eighty free
scholarships for young men who are
residents of the Slate.
No soul can preserve the bloom an.1
delicacy of its existence without lonely
a.
musing* silent pvavsr. and the great
ness of this Mssui.yis ill proportion un
to the grvalnes. of the soul. A Ivanoe.
A ps|»*r of (• 'nova states that
there arc forty-seven organ nation» en
gagmi in the evangelikutlon of the
Jews, with ,H37 workers in I'J.» station»
It apiaiars from the Year II *>k of
the Church of Kngiami that in IK7.'> the
numbe. of person* confirmed in Kn
gland was under lHM.UUO. while for
1NW the corresponding total was over
217.000 an ineruase In thirteen years
of nearly Hfty-elgtit pur cent., which is
almost four times a» great a» thu growth
At I oust 1Û0 of thu missionaries them
selves are converted Jew*
of the |M>piilalion.
—One hundred and seventeen young
Indians, belonging to trilie# in Da iota,
Moutana. Nebraska. Wisconsin. Indian
Territory. New Mexico and Arizona,
having finished a live years' course at
the Government school at Carliste. I**,
bo
our
Al
can
a*
tlie {
light
im
on
only
the
eye
Miss
have
sun
the
ob
of
and
con
to
can
the
be
said
the
Its
the
siege
*
with
been
to
in
are
some
|
may
is
since
who
sort
ad
plate
and
fired
a
itself
line
plate.
all s|Niiik
have had
left for their homes lately. Six were
regular graduatee. and
Engl sh. Thu young men
good training as uieelianies and farm
er», while the girl# have been well in
more than it lia* done hitherto in the
direction of mental development; must
furntsh belter training for tho hand
and for tlie senses; must do inure for
the col tiv at ion of taste and the love of
•Irucicd in household duties.
—The
•bool nt I lie future must do
thu I'catilUul must kindle in children
a stronger appetite for reudmg and
persona! cultivation, and. at tlie same
time b ing them into a rlo*er contact
with the facts of life, and with the
world of realities as well as the world
of book*. Dr J. •>. Titoh. I.melon.
The very interesting discovery of
many j ear* ago of Jewish colonies in
western China is now well supple
mented hy tlie d taco very of Christian
duns or sects ln Africa, »o ith of Any»
tinliv These wholly isolatud |ieople*
have relaineJ some forms of fh Isliiiii
belief and worship since the ear y
centuries, when Egypt and tlie lands of
in the hand* of the fol
lower» of Joju* Mohammedan non
arising in the seventh century cut off
this section, and has obliterated Chris
tianity to the nortli of them,
left, however, of lue nette - faith is now
the South w
VYhat lu
so thoroughly degenerate that it Is not
worth tlie preserving. Africa is full of
wunder»
WIT AN i WISJOVL
A great Intellect requires a pure
hen t us much a* the dullest into 1 1 -
Custom is u prison, locked and
barred hy thoso wim long ago were
dust, tlie keys of which are in tlie keep
ing of the dead.
Death ia like thunder tn two par
alarmed at the sound
tleuiai's: lie are
of ll; and It is formidable only from
that which preceded it. Colton.
—Tight shoes and whisky are bad for
the human system One makes the
corns grow and the other swells the
l.eud Shoe and l.eatiier Review.
—There are men wl...
have more )aw la.,,« than T,m*,„r~**-**
They say a great man) thing, that
they do not stand up Ux-N O. Tica
ymia
The censure of our %dlowmen.
which we are ». prou,, ta esteem «
proof of our su, air,or wisdom. too
often only the ev.dence of the conceit
that would magnify «If. snd of the
uiulignlty or envy that would de.ract
from othera -T. Tklward» *
-It lias las'll well said that on. "who
is constantly endeavoring to vindicata
hi. own reputation.usually hasareputa
lion wl. eh is not worth vindicating '
A man who is genuinely right himwdf
will ns a rule tie his own vindication
without any special effort on his parL
— lnde|HindenL
—There is no true and constant gen
tlenoe* without humiilly; while we are
«i fond of oureelve* we ar« uasily of
! fended with other* let u* he |««i »iiaU
ed that nothing is due to u*. and then
nothing will disturb us lait u* often
Uiiuk of our infirmities tuid we shall
become indulgent toward those of oth
er* Fenelon.
-What man Is going to lie jolly, gen
criais, attractive to you if you meet
Inin with sour, insulting manners The
treatment we reoeivo irotn our friends
collies from our own m lions. Those
w ho are siirroumlud with friends do not
terrain ug; they are thoughtful of the
mind of their neighbora
Dun« uf »elf. do not 't:*ugtflo to bo er<
—Notoriety ts not fame. A man may
gain notoriety by hi* follies or by his
crim .; hut fame comes only to thune
who have f-.igotten themselves in thair
doing of something worthy of theti
best endeavor* A man may gain noto
rii tjr by pursuing it but fame is ordi.
narily guinea by him who is pursuing
Mime object of unselfish effort—4L N
T unes.
-Occasionally good thoughts flock
about us and perch ou every cornice
and gable of our minds, making for us
! sweet music, such ns our hearts wish
But oilen they refuse to coma at all.
and In their »I nul disagreeable ones
galber about u* sud croak all kinds ol
dissonance. We hardly know wliv; we
only know the lact Ucited Fresiiv
teriau.
FAMILY SCRAP BASKET.
■ tin« ('.mpilMIra .if M.M.» <l<
l»rt .nil l'«nrr.
It is recommended to freshen .Alt Ash
b\ soaking them in aiur milk.
A »nit ham should be soaked over
tiiglit in pie«!; "J »oft wntnr previous
to Initling.
Knt only pure food, drink only pure
liquid* think only pure thought*, and
keep your blood pure.
It I« »aid that kerosene will »often
boot» and » 111 »'» that have been hard
ened by water, and make them pliable
Aa lat.i
a. new.
Cork» may be made air and water
tight by keeping them for live minutes
un der melted paraffine They muet be
kept down with a wire screen.
The best whitewash for a cellar is
The ad
of Un „. a(1( j waU , r 0|lt?
aitl „„ <)t)uir thing, hinders the pur
(Maui ot keeping the cellar pure and
healthful.
In picking cucumbers for putting
down In lirine, it ia beat to leave a
»mall portion of the stem adhering to
prevent withering aud Insure perfect
keeping.
Toset detieate colors in embroidered
handkerchief*. *ak them tell minute*
previon» to wa*hing ill a p.til of tepid
w»ter. in w hich a descrlspoouful ot
turpentine bus been well stirred.
Coffee |Miunded in a mortar and
roa*ted on an iron pinte, »ugar burned
ou hot coals, ami vinegar boiled with
myrrh and sprinkled On the floor and
furniture of a sick room are excellent
disaloruers.
To cleanse porcelain snuce-pen*. fill
them half full of hot water aud put ill
the water a tublespoonful of ;a>wdcnsl
If this does nut
borax utul let it boil,
remove all the stain* scour well with
a cloth rubbed with soap and borax.
Btain* of vegetable colors, fruit, red
wine and red ink may lie removed from
white goods by sulphur fume* or chio
rlne water,
woolen* wash with lukewarm soap lye
nr ammonia. Milk the same, hut mure
On colored cottons and
:autiously.
•onaidered necessary to complete the
!urnitur«of a garden la city or country
luring the summer. Tilled with down,
natr, or the odorous twigs of the pine,
A hammock pillow ia aa addition
it is covered with the gsy striped lick
ing used by the manufacturers of awn
-ugs.
l ' ,K, l water. You see bit* of sugar, and
qsinge cake and cracker tucked all
»bout tlie wires, while the drinking
3op will tie empty, or filled with dirty
y water that no bird with respect for
itself will touch. Have a bath tub. too.
Canaries are ofteu famished for fresh
that b lar*e enough toiipread it* win*»
»ad Hplaah.
A formula for cream candy: Beat
the whiles of four eggs to a stiff froth,
lu will «ne Inhlespoonful of cold water
Slid flavor to the lasUi. Stir Uigether
» little ami thee add confectionery
of (pulverixisl) sugBr till stiff enough to
knead like bread. Then mold in shape
snd add your nuts, either on top or
inside.
A glue which will resist the action
1 - ot * liter I» made hy boding a pound ol
glue in a sufficiency of VUimmed milk.
I'owmake a strung glue for inlaying
and veneering, taxe the best light
brown glue, free from clouds or
streaks, dissolve it In water, and k>
every pint add one-halt gill of the best
vluegarnnd one-half ounceof islngla**
A new source of Intoxication has
been discovered. It is simply dry tea.
gate*, of course, before it is « oeped. It
produce* an agreeable effect at first.
for
*»* indulgence finally causes sleepless
nc»* disorde rly imiml»e»aml delirium.
N< lUMU. »* ' u " 1 *
*"'** v " 10 »'"acted this deadly
form of the tea habit,
The following is recommended by
ui English writer for cleaning zinc;
Cl «" n •" ° ld f* 1 " 1 - * nd 'P»* ly lb -
« following mixture: In .ulj pwt. of
'»•»•r dissolve one ,.art chloride of
«*l*l" r - 0,,, ' » mr ' of " n * ,
the l«rt ..mine, and one part hy
«Iru-eMorlc "• id - Brush the Uncover
* thU - * b,, b K ivus 11 " du *P
lw ' v *' " "* dr >, u,,lU n "* 1 ,U > : r ' nd
"*** U '' rh *
1B T-epared varm.h point
' * hlc, ' , no ' foi ta.iac.ty
**> durability.-Ho„«,keoping.
WHY FLOWERS SLEEP.
lOR. of
th. of lhe Mael I i
i imdi i.if#.
Thai fli»wat*H mI«h.*p I» evident to the
are m(H(t la | oiwerver. The beautiful
of
daiey open* at siiurise and dose« al
sunmit, whence it* name—"days ye."
The morning-glory open* its flower
The "John-go-to-bed
with the day.
atriioon" awakes at four in thu moru
ing, but closes Its eves in the middle
of the day. and the dandelion is tn full
bloom only during the ho 1 rs of strong
bl
The
not
This habit of some flowers ia
certainly very curious, aud furuiahe*
one of the many Instance» which prove
the singular adaptability of every
thing in nature. The reason is found
in the method by which this class of
the Bowers is fertilized,
er<
It is obvious,
says Sir John l.uhtuK-k. that flower»
may which are fertilu.nl by n ghl-ttying lu
his would derive no advantage by
| w | n g open by day; and, ou the other
hand, that those which are fertilized
by b,^» would gain nothing by being
0 pe„ a t night. Nay, it would lie a dls
advantage, because It would render
them liable to Ini robbed of their
N honey and pollen by insects which are
incapable of fertilizing them. 1 would
flock venture ta suggest then, that th«
closing of flowers may have reference
us to the hub Is of insects, and it may lie
obsened. also, in support of this, that
all. wiod-fertili/ed flower* uevar sleep —
ones t hrintiau at Work,
ol
we
I #8.000 lo fid.UW to many a young
j woman in New York (Jilt,
—The typewriting businc»« net# from

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