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Elmore bulletin. [volume] (Rocky Bar, Idaho) 1889-1906, December 06, 1900, Image 1

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DECEMBER 0, 1900.
NO. 27.
aod cort-ylr.p order and aaminNtrntiVC femlaf
O. M. PAT»*.
Mamkl l Path
PAYNE & PAYNE, Publish«*
Terms of Subscription:
year bv mall (invariably la advance) (t no
__ t paid la advance.. g m
gjx months by mall (Invariably In advanoa
Three mos. by maininvariably la advanoa
Slot le M4).
If sy
l yi
1 00
Tho ami-fusion and middle-of-the
road Populists polled about the
vote on electoral tickets, beiug 215 to
211 .
Senator Shoup is being mentioned
for the position of assistant
of war, after March 4,
Meikcijohn of Nebraska.
sec re ta ry
to succeed
William Fallas of Caldwell,
week sold 2(1,000 pounds of wool to E.
W. Brigham
sidération was lSj* cents per pound.
1 he Prohibition electors received an
f Boston.
The con
f 850 votes.
For gover*
n can
received 1,031 votes, leading
his ticket by about 200.
nor William J. Boone, Prohibitio
The Tip Top mine at Ilaily is work
ing io eight feet of copyritic ore which
gives returns
30 per cent copper, one of the prettiest
sights and largest ore bodies iu the
George B. York of Salubria was last
week awarded damages against the P.
à I. N. to the amount of 95,000 for the
death of his 4-year-old sou wh
crushed to death ou a turn table while
j. Jay in g with other children.
The amendment to the constitution
to authorize the slate land board to
invest the school fund iu state
rtMits and other securities of the state
was adopted by
Only a little
those voting took the trouble to vote
this question.
Joseph Macdonald, for years man
ager of the Ilelena-Frisco and later of
the Frisco Consolidated Mining com
pany at Wallace, has resigned his posi
tion and will take charge of the Tread
well mine, on Douglas island, which
has the largest
f $10!) pet* ton gold and
var •
vote of 8,535 to 3,576.
"-ore than a fifth of all
lining plant iu the
The horticultural exhibits at future
state fairs will be made under r!lie di
rection of the State Horticultural As
sociation, although the fair association
will provide the premiums. It is be
lieved a better exhibit can and will be
made by the horticultural association
than by the fair association.
The Last Chance and the Bunker
Hill companies at VYardner are at it
again. The Last Chance company has
commenced suit against its old enemy,
the Bunker Ilill to restrain it from
proceeding further with a tunnel
which, it is claimed, will cut the Last
Chance ledge 600 feet below the Swee
pey tunnel.
Swan Falls, the site of the Trade
Dollar dam, is beiug watched in an en
deavor to catch the body of James
Whalen, which is supposed to be in
the water above the «lain.
Whalen is
alleged to have been drowned, by Dan
Kilver City to Boise,
arrest, suspected of bavin# murdered
Ins companion.
ith who
he was groin# from
Burke is under
There were 57,014 votes cast for presi
dent while the number cast for gover
nor was only 56,373. For représenta,
tive in congress the number of votes
was still smaller, only 55,976, and for
other places on the ticket tlie vote
shows further shrinkage. For audi
tor, for instance, 55,402 persons voted;
for school superintendent 55,379 and
for mine inspector 55,012.
A man named Meade was shot and
instantly killed last week about ten
miles northeast of Whitebird while
hunting deer. It seems that Mr.
Meade with his brother-in-law, Richey,
had started hunting, and were joined
hy a neighbor s boy about 16 years old
named Griffith. They separated, aud
Meade killed a rabbit, throwing it
over his shoulder. The boy saw the
rabbit and mistook Meade for a deer,
shooting him through the body aud
killing him instantly.
The steamer J. M. Hannaford. owned
*>y the Northe
been leased by F.
rn Bacific. railway, has
VV. Kettenback,
manager of a Lewiston grain company, I
, r J '
&nd will be put into service to ply«
, . . , t* ._ .. ,
tween Lewiston and Snake river I v»
points. Arrangements have been made
^ith the Northern Bacific railroad, and
a warehouse will be built near that
company s track ou Snake river water
front, where freight will be trans
ferred. The move is interpreted as a
big inroad in the O. R. & N. territory
by the Northern Bacific.
>J. E. George was drowned in the
Snake river at Swan Falls last week.
He was employed by the power com
pany and was at work on the crib dam
driving spikes when he missed one
losing his balance and fell into the
boiling rapids.
The Custer mill at Challis has closed
down for the winter ami a great many
People are leaving tlie camp. The re
cent cave in the Lucky Boy shaft has
put that mine in bad shape, aud it will
require considerable expense to put
the mine iu shape again.

Af.airs In China and the Philippines Dlscus3od at Lonsth-Forelen Rel*
tlons Generally Cordial-Army Rocommendations-Crowth of theV
Delivery System-Department of Agriculture-Forest R™. ' ^
slons-Merchant Marlne-NIcaraguan Canal. Etc.-Lonomy ® k"'
pendltures Rocommended. onomy in bx
To Ih© sonate and house of representatives:
With the outgoing of the ol<l nnd the ine
lng of the
• scs
. .
cemury you begin the la,
biou of the fifty-sixth congress with
on every hand *f individual and national
perity and with proof of tho growing strength
and increasing power for good of republican
When the sixth confess assembled In No
vember, 1800 the population of the United
States was r>,304,483. His
we had sixteen states.
70.301.793. Then
Now we have forty
five, Then our territory consisted of OuO.OSÔ
square miles It is n
3,846,595 square miles,
digion and morality have kept
pace with our advancement in other direction ,,
nnd while extending its power the
has adhered to its foundation principles and
abated none of them in dealing with
peoples and possessions.
In our foreign intercourse the dominant
tion has been the treatment of the Chinese
problem. Apart from this our relations » it H
the powers have been happy.
The recent doubles iuChina spring from the
anti-foreign agitation which, for the past three
years, has gained strength In the northern
provinces. Their origin llos deep in the char
acter of the Chinese races and in the traditions
of their government. The Tai-Plag rebellion
and tho opening of Chines
trade and settlement disturbed alike thehomo
gcnlety and the seclusion of China.
The telegraph and the railway spreading
their land, the steamers plying on their
ways, the merchant und tho missionary pone
trating year by year farther in
became to the Ch
qtu R
l orts to foreign
the intori'
:se mind types of t
invasion, changing the course of their national
life and fraught with vague forebodings of dis
aster to their beliefs and their self-control.
Anti-foreign agitation throughout the empire
resulted in attacks upon foreigners, destruction
of property, and slaughter of
ativo converts
reported from all sides. The tsung-lb
yamen, already permeated with hostile sympa
thies, could make no effective response to the
appeals of the legations. At this critical junc
ture. in the early spring of this yes
was made by the other powers that a combined
fleet be assembled In Chinese waters as a moral
demonstration, under cover of which to exact
of the Chinese government respect for foreign
treaty rights and the suppression of the Box
. a proposa
Still the peril increased. While preparations
in progress for a large expedition, to
strengthen the legation guards aud keep tho
railway open, an attempt of the foreign ships
to make a landing at Taku was met by tire from
the Chinese forts. The forts were thereupon
shelled by the foreign vessels, tho American
admiral taking no part In the attack, on tho
ground that
vith China, and
that a hosti'e demonstration might consolidate
tho auti-foreigp element and strengthen the
Boxers to oppose the relieving column. Two
days later the Taku forts were captured after a
sanguinary conflict. Severance of communica
tion with Pekin followed and a combined force
of additional guards which was advancing to
Pekin by the Pei Ho wascheoked at Langfang.
The isolation of the legations was complete.
On Juno 9 all the ministers at Pekin
were not at wi
ordered to leave under a promised escort. The
disregarded and preparations for de.
fensemade. On the morning of the 20th the
German minister, Bar
Kettolcr, while
proceeding to visit the tsung 11 vamen, w
killed by
mob. An attempt to recover his
body was thwarted. From that time until
July 17 the legations were under tire almost
every hour. Attempts were made to burn the
legations by setting tire to adjoining buildings,
and the Austrian, Belgian. Dutch and Italian
legations were destroyed.
During the siege the defenders lost slxty-tivo
killed, one hundred and Uiirty-fivo wounded
and seven by disease, the last all children.
The only communication had with the Chin
ese government related to tho occasional de
livery or despatch of a telegram or to the
demands of the tsung-li-yameu for tho with
drawal of the legation to the coast under
escort. Not only are the protestations of the
Chinese government that it protected and suc
cored the legations positively contradicted,
but irresistible proof accumulates that the
attacks upon them were made by imperial
troops, regularly uniformed, armed and offi
cered belonging to the command of Jung Lu,
tho Imperial cotnmunder-in-chlef.
encouraging the Boxers, organizing them un
der prominent imperial officers, provisioning
them, and even granting them large sums in
the name of tho empress-dowager,
to exist. Members of the tsung-li-yamen who
counseled protection of the foreigners
beheaded. Even in the distant provinces men
suspected of foreign sympathy were put to
death, prominent among these being Chang
Yen Boon, formerly Chinese minister in
rc re
The policy of the United States through all
this trying period
scrupulously carried out. A circular note to
the powers, dated July 3. proclaimed our attl
s clearly announced and
tude treating the condition in the north as one
of virtual anarchy in which the great provinces
of the south and southeast had
share. An
tion and its dependents was accomplished, we
withdrew from active hostilities, leaving our
legation under an adequnte guard in Pekin,
a chanuel of negotiation and
course adopted by others of the interested
powers. Overtures of tho empowered repre
sentatives of the Chinese emperor have beea
considerately entertained.
i the sacred duty of relieving
The Russian proposition, looking to tho res
toration of the imperial power in Pekin has
been accepted as in full consonance with our
own desires, for we have held and hold Ä it ef
fective reparation for wrongs suffered Tnd an
enduring settlement that will make their re
v» r renee impossible, can best be brought about
under an authority which the Chinese nation
reverences and obeys. While
forego no jot of
.exemplary anti deterrent punishment of tte
responsible authors and abbetors of iho crimi
nal act whereby we and other nations have suf
fered grievous injury
doing, we
undoubted right to exact
For tho real culprits, the evil counselors,
who have misled tho imperial judgment and
diverted the sovereign authority
guilty ends, full expiation becomes imperative
within the rational limits of retributive justice.
their ow
Proposed Tunnel Cndrr*<llbraltar.
The state department has received
reports conveying information as to
the proposed tunnel from Europe to
Africa under the straits of Gibraltar,
from Mr. George Murphy, consular
clerk at Madgeburg, Germany. Mr
Berlier, the French engineer, who has
submitted the proposal of this project j
to the governments of Spain and Mo- j
rocco. is said to have perfect confidence |
in the feasibility of the plan. The
chief difficulty, the ventilation of a J
submarin« tunnel. Mr. Berlier believes j
, imperial
I edict, appolnllng Karl f.i Hung Cha«^!«!
I setùemrn !' P e ! ,ll ' 1 '''' s m '"Tango a
HI tlleniCnt. lin« t © edict of ** .»A
whereby certain high o rials *■ r - de"je . .m l
for punishment, this goternim-nt h. 1
in contort wi: h ihe rtLher p ..vers toward the
op uiing .,r negotiations which Mr C oncur us
M.s-e d l.y Ml Kocklilll,has been uu'lior*
T »B behalf Of Ute I'nlted state« '
ot.V*" malt#r , r *"demn:ty tor ,,ur wronged
citizens is a question of grave concern Me
ured In money alone, a suffi -i. nt reimrttiJ'u
may prove to bo beyond the ability of China to
mf ft. All the powers concur in emphatic dis
claimers Of any purpov of Ujr'r:in.1i/>m»nt
through the dismemberment of th
urn disponed to think that due
be tnado in pari by increa
Gi security for foreign rights an
d most ir
d to
mpire. 1
„ . „ 1 immunities.
orta.it of all by the opening of
equal commerce of the world
•s have been and « hi be earnestly
China t
Bed by our represent itives
'var in touthern Africa introduced Im
it Britain s
portant qu
through (i
neutral eai
» questions arose
*et to
Mioti i
s. not contraband in their
ir-". shipped to Portuge
score of probable or
•sttri llion. Appropriate ie >ie
art »esu tod in the British
e'.ug io purchase outright all
ui to be th ■» actual property of A
ci'i/ens. thus closing th.- ine d nt
>e South Africa, cn
el ultimate
rotation on
0 I
eh goods
. _ the satis
oi tho immediately interested parties,
although unfortunately v
mem of the question of
m nd good', not contra bn
port adjacent to a belligerent a
•it hot
u bruud sottlo
right to
i neutral
1 per sc to
Overtures with Nie.
to effect tho building
pkes of the United Sl:it
la the meantime tin
upon the subject i
the o
alive m
■ * P *
iu for
der the aus
3 in e
!■s of congress
iho light of the repo.'t of
on appoint d to examine the com*
its of the
-•I projects, r
mend to thti
te the eonventioi:
*arly attention of the
with Great Britai
'h a e
»■ objection which might at
y t
llltato tho
tl and
,sc out
' culled the City
of tho o
ton-Iiulwer treaty.
« o m in <
Our foreign trade shows a remarkable record
the tlrst time
•ed (I two bil
3 greater than
of commercial and industrial progress
total of imports and oxp rts f
in the history of
lions of dollar
they h
r country ex
The exports m
been before, the total for the
tiseal year 1900 being <1,394,183,08
over !899 of $167,459.780.
$163,000,75 Jr over lc97 of $143,180
than 1890 by $311,876.144.
The growth of manufactures in the United
States is evidenced by the fact that exports of
manufactured products largely exceed those of
any previous year, their value for 19 D being
$433,851.7*6, against $339,592.146 in 1899,
•er 1898 of
Jti. ami greater
crease of J8 per cent.
Agricultural products were also exported
during 1900 iu greater volume than in I8J9, the
total for the year beiug $835,858,123, against
$784,770,142 In 1899.
I disc
The imports for the year amounted to $8-19.
941.181, an increase over 1899 of $152,795,615.
This increase is largely in materials for manu
facture. and is in response to the rapid develop
ment of manufacturing in the United States.
While there was imported for use in
Hires in 1900 material, to the value
078 ill excess of 1899, it is r»
that there is a tendency to
importation of articles manufactured
consumption which in 1900 formed 15 17 per
cent of the total imports against 15.14 ]>er cent,
in 189», and 21.09 per cent, in lb»6.
*f $79.1:8.
ssuring to observe
urd (lucre;
in the
ly for
I recommend that the congress at this sessic
reduce, tho internal
5 tax. imposed to
meet the expenses of the war with Spain in the
of thirty millions of dollars. This reduc
tion should be secured by the
these taxes which experience has shown to be
the most burdensome to the industries of the
I especially urge that there be included in
whaiever reduction is made the legacy tax
bequests for public uses of a literary, educa
tional or charitable character.
ssion of
American vessels during the past three years
have carried about 9 per centof our exports and
Imports Foreign ships should can y the least. i ng
not the greatest part of American trade. The I
remarkable growth of.our steel industries, the rural
i^SÄÄrM S l'om- 55S
merctnl maritime powers. I again urge ini- !lwu
mediate action by the
1 dll
and i
•ngress on
» American shipping and foreign trade,
attention to ike recommendations on
the subject in previous messages, and pri
pally to the opinions expressed in the message
of 1899. I am satisfied tin? judgment of the
country favors the policy of aid to our merchant
marine, which wiil broaden our commerce anti
îarkets and upbuild our sea carrying capacity
the products of agriculture and manufac
e. which, with the increase of our navy,
means work and wages to our countrymen, as
safeguard to American interests in
; up
; cui
every part of iho world.
ULM- to tho Corurress i 1
m eo Nil V fnrTl re h /
",'ht hf-fiiiiini I sity
i t ti th( . combinetions uun(
(ornnin.. lions j . serv
In my last annual nn
I called attention to t
action to nemedy such <*
to exist in connection \v
•f capital organized inb
vite attention to my discussion of the subject I i
nt that time, which concluded with these
words ; £/>
"It is apparent that uniformity of legislation 1
upon this subject in the several stutes is much ! ,
uniformity'll, a Vi inrt b JusÄrimh,ariml ! V'i'*
between what U injurious ami wlmt Is useful I
SSfaSSra I
tlvc code Of (.lute legislation as to malte a
complet' system of laws throughout the
United States adequate to eon,, ml a itene al
observance of the salutary rules to which i
referred. !
b ° for
ml again in
Th" whole quest!
reaching that I am >
lightly considered, but every phase of It will
have to be studied delibi
resulting In wise
is so important ami far
part of it
tel y by Congress
Restraint upon such combination* as are in
jurious and which are within federal jurisdic
tion, should be promptly applied by the c on
In my last annual message
length upon the conditii
ippines. YVhiU
that the grave :
dwelt at some
of affairs In tlje Pihl
e seeking to impress %,
responsibility of the futi
with the congress of the United
mending at that
'eminent for
n yon
■ g
States, I abstained fr
time a specific und filial form of g
»he let ri tory actually held by the United States
forces, and 11
continues the military arm
I stated my purpose,
aade tho formal exprès
use the authority v« stod in me *v tho
rhich as loug as the insurreetio
st nei'Ksurily b
I il congress
of its
sup re
Khali hn
will, to
Constitution and the statutes to uphold the
»overi-rnty of the United States in those dis
tant islands as in all other places where our
flag rightly floats, placing to that end. ut th«»
disposal of the
y and navy all the means
which the liberality of the congress an'i the
people have provided. No contra*, expression
of the will of congress having made I hav*
steadfastly pursued the purpose so declared,
employing the civil arm
cotnpl siiiuenl of pacification and the institu
tion of local government within toe lines of
authority and law.
Progress in the hoped for direction has been
favorab'e. Our forces have
trolled the greater part
comi.ig the organized fore
*11 toward the ac
îoe-sfully con
f the islands,
sol the iohureeuts
he can overcome by u secret pracess of
his own.
1 he entire cost of the tunnel alone is
approximated at over f 2 . 1 , 000 , 000 , and ate's
of the connecting railroad line between J
Spain and Algiers at about S43.00(.,0()0. I
The French press is said to criticise ! canal
the project unfavornbly on the ground
that Mr. Berlier has overestimated the j Bica
earning power of the road, and that it !
seems hardly credible that the nassen- I
»nd freight trafüo between Frunce town
Algen» could be diverted to this j some
Indirect and expensive route. | ing
aod cort-ylr.p order and aaminNtrntiVC femlaf
jty to all quarters. Wlmt opputdltcn rrmuma
I» for Ibo m„»t pnrt
oj' ta
ter the t;<
aiiered, obeying no con
l un d utraUtfit* *tHon< o* ♦ radfi^r only
}\\ uutnckls Oonmldil ifl Ibt? li*<liiK>n* of
r V* a warfare, which while ineITe<'llV«* to »1*
.—, al patrol noW o.siubilahetl.
'iill Hi. uii lcni to b<Ket irixcjntv union* iho
popul-.itious that Ua va felt the Rood results of
our coni r 1 and thus delay the confirment uni n
them ofthe fuller tn^asttres of Real nelf-irov
■ romenti or cdUcntl ft and of industrial and ag
ricultural deVt lopmout which we stand ready
t give to them.
To klv© ©flout to this I have appointed lion.
William H Taft of Ohio. Brof. Lean C. Wor
cester i t Michigan. Hon Luke E Wright of
rtnnessoe, Hon. Henry r. id«- of Vermont
t'ro Bernard Moses of
ulifornlti, fommls
the Philippine islands to Continue
and perfect the work of organization ahd estab
lish clv.l government already commenced by
the military authorities, subject in all respect*
to any laws which congress may hereafter
The many different degree* of civilization
and varieties of custom und capacity among
the people of the different islands precluded
very deft alte Instruction us to tie part which
the people shall take in the selection of their
general rules the com
,, it» observe: That in
ail cases the municipal offi vers, who administer
the local aff tirs of the poop e. are lo be seit
by the people
siouers t
own or.i
s: 1 ut t
s in -
*' extended jurisdiction arc to be selected
f the islands are to bo
can be found competent
truth, Xrs ü
nt tndadminis
thon zed to ,
in mind j
in am
P -efe
und willing to
receive the o ft.
In nil of th ' forms of gave
trntivo provisions wh ch they
lif h

In pro fere
prescribe the eommis-ion should bear
that the governmout which they are establish
ing i> do-t^norl not for our sutlsfuetii
the express!''»n of our th<
the happine s. pou- c and pt
< 1© of tho Puillppiuo Island
or for
'ticul views, but for
e: p Tity of the peo
, ^ jastires
adopted Fh )u d bj made to tonform to their
custom^, tu» ir habits and even their prejudices,
just und effective government. |
i nd the
On ihe 25th dav of July. 19 w. I directed that
a «oll bo issued for an elect! m i
for members of a constitutlonrl conve
frame » ootistltutlm a basis for
i independent government iu the island.
Hie election was held on the I5.1i of Septem
ber, and tho convention assembled on the 5tli
of November, 19 0, and i-, no
In o.tiling the convention to order the mili
tary g ) ver nor of Cuba made tho following
'As military governor of the island, repre
senting the president of the United States,
call this convention loonier It will bo you.
duty, first, to irame and ud »pt a constitution
for Cuba and
formulate. w«nt. i
the relat.1
secure a stable.
which, in y «
ution lo
© Mu bio i
in Notion
been doue to
your opinion, ought to bo
?en Cuba and the United
on must bo adequate to
xkrly and free govemmont,
o for mu ated tho relations
opinion, ought to exist between
a ud tho United states, the gove
j United State*
Its part
s bet
Thu (ionNtltuti
will doubtless take such
authoritative agreement between the people of
common interests 58 lUü P^motiou of their
you hav
I renew the rec
inondation made in
age of February 10, Irtft), as to the •
necessity for cable communication between the
. exiensio
special m
i JJ
United States and Hawaii, with
strikingly emphasized this need,
have sli >wn the entire feas.ibillt
cables which at euch slopping pi
American territory, so that the syste
be under our own complete control.
The present strength of the army is 100, noo
men— 65,000 regulars aud 33.0 0 volunteers.
Under the act of March *2, 189 », on the 3 th of
rtit"?,L"? 1 1 1 h .''I 1 1 vuiunlct 'r force will be j
disc hurged and the regular unity will be reuuced
Jo S.H;°nie,.rs anil, enlisted men The |
ho built pi'ovlUc'fôr acTOmmodarions forl unil'i'i ;
have m Fubu '"bJaw-clinTuttfa." uoops®
the present our troops in that Island caunot
re have'red'ueeif t he'îlurri «mis m
or further reUeviion'hSe. Wewill
considerable force iu the
mds for some tiim
ppurent that we will require an
niy ofabout 6 >,oi 0, and that during present
conditions in Cuba and the Philippines the
president should have authority to increase
the force to the present number of luo.duu. In
cluded in this number authority should be given
to raise native troops in the Philippines up to
15,non, which the Taft commission believe will
be more effective in detecting and suppressing
guerrillas, ussussius und ladrones than
Porto Kin
1.636, which Include 896native t
be required to keep
Philippine isk
It must be a
The continued and
service i-* » sm-*- imii-v
i ng busim ss activity of the country i is
strikin'* new levcl.mniur. IV J 1 »";^2. f
rural fre© d«11v# rv ^>JV„ Ce 11 h i° *» i? f 1
!lwu i, r. l plications
pul growth of the postal
the great and ine
pending and
r act ion nearly equals ull those granted
the present time, and by the close «.f the
about i, 0 J 0 routes will have
ent tiseal yei
been established.
At the end of the fiscal year there
il 993
a net increase of
ber I
the pensio
rer the lineal
ir 18JJ.
added to the rolls during tho ye
The amount disbursed for ai
as $234,.00,594.25.
533.4 .
my pensions dur*
d for navy
. . total Of $1.18.462,130.6),
leaving uu unexpended balance of $6,542,768.23.
ing this ye
s $3.761
i 1 he , rcsults obtained from our forest reserves
h / lvo demonstrated its wisdom and the neees
sity iuthc tatore.st of the public, its coutin
uun( ' e * During the past year the Olympic re
. serv ,.. in the state of Washington, was reduced
2ti5.aw acres, leaving its present area at
i 9-3 «40 ur ti...
11,1 , , ,.
£/> 1Z u,? a " Us hicreascd from 10,249 acres to
IvvmnimT«'^ ,h< * 1 *?H l ... r w rs, ' rv ^ * n
, , hicreascd from 1.127,69o acres to
V'i'* W in""n™rnrni 1 ." rmbrS V p' a!.'"'.£a oï
oS'octoberio lulw i2 U ( 1 ' lnK 1 V" 1- '
Wy,, " Wl *"
The department of agriculture has been ex
tendloe Us work during the p ist yi nr. rcnchlne
farther for now varieties of seeds and niants®
eo-operatlng more lolly with the states and
territories in research alone useful lines
maUint; progri ssts ,n meUoroglcal work relut
for CKX'un'going
t.» animal disease; looking into the extent und
character of food adulterating; outlfng plant*
for th'* cure, préservât!« n ami intelligent l.ar*
producer*/ may cuRWa^e^Hh^uetfer^knowh
dares f w ,n,i, V-. ,ns *V' d h °P i,IK t° clothe divert j
glens our isiund possessions are b«fngVon- •
p^/u/ i ;i t h/\f, h, ,',ical''pr P ôdmTs"'now' ü/,'ex/e£ !
sively brought Into the United state*.
■; v
In our greif prosperity we must guard against
the danger It invittN in ext.uvagame In gov
appropriatlons; and
the chosen n présentât! ves of the people will. 1
doubt uot. furnish an example
tion of that wise economy
plenty husbands f<
eminent expenciitun
their leglslu
roicb in a .season of
this era of
•livity and opportunity cau
»n is not un finely. ,It will not. abate but
rei gthen our confidence. It will not retard,
but promote legit.mate industrial aud commer
cial expansion.
the I uture.
great business
Our growing power brin
tiens and perils requiting
to avoid It must not be used
filets, nor for opprt
fective main ten;
equality an 1 justice upon '
Lions and happiness depe nd,
ways in mind that the foundath
eminent is liberty : its supers', r
with it tempta
nsiant vigilance
invite con
. but for the more ef
of those principles of
rhich our fnstitu
keep al
of our gov
*ture peace.
william McKinley.
Executive Mansion, December 4, 19Ü0.
Tlie program of the administration
regarding isthmian canal
during the first two weeks of the sen
ate's session is to ratify the Hay
Pauncefote treaty without the Davis
amendment; to
pass the Nicaragua
canal bill; to ratify the canal treaties
between the United States and Costa
Bica and the United States and Niea
Budyard Kipling will sail for Cane
town next Saturday, and will remain
some months in South Africa recruit
ing his health*
itj Kaganllnc Ha l oaMauctlon Throa(h
Nicarafu© Sl£u©it.
Secretary Hay, Saturday morning,
for the government of the United
States, and Senor Correa, the Nicara
guan minister, for his own govern
ment, signed a treaty whereby the lat
ter government concedes to the gov
ernment of the United States the nec
essary rights und privileges within her
bestowal for the construction of the
Nicaraguan canal.
This action is taken in anticipation
of congressional action upon the pend
ing Nicaraguan canal bill and the 11 ay
Pauncefote treaty. Pending the sub
mission of the trerty to the senate,
which body must ratify the agreement,
its terms will not be made public.
It is understood, however, that gen
erally Nicaragua grants to the United
States government the exclusive right
to construct and operate the canal be
tween the Atlantic and Bacific
j Nicaragua,
including the free use of
the San Juan river nnd of lake Mana
gua as part of tho watercourse. Ni»
caragua is also to rid herself of anv
«. . .. ... , , . .
outstanding treaties that would tend
in "»y to <»'« privileges to
| be acquired by the United States.
| it is understood also that Nicaragua
concedes to the United States full
thority to police the canal. Nicaragua
j is to receive in compensation a certain
amount of the securities of the Canal
I Construction company, and although
it is not possible now to learn the Ag
ile treaty, it is be
lieved to approximate 950,000,000.
set d
It Is Now the Largent Ho 11 :
Ever Had
The largest stock of gold and bullion
ever held in the United States is now
accumulated in the treasury and iti
branches. 1 he total has been rising
steadily during the whole of the prea
I eut year, and is now §475,108,336, or
about §76,000,000 greater than at the
close of 1899.

This gold is not all tho
direct property of tlie United States
but is held against outstanding' gold
certificates. The amount of these, less
amount in the treasury and branches,
j i* $230,755,809. All the remaining gold,
amounting to about 8243,000,000. bc
s „„„ . ,, .
lon 8 s treasury, as a part of the
j reserve fund of 5150,000,000.
| The influx of gold into tho treasury
; comes partly from tlie new gold from
the K . londlke and otl,<,r mines . its
retention is due to tlie pressure for
currency, which leads to the accept
""" of * old certificates and other
paper money in preference to coin.
The treasury recently has been ship
ping small notes iu large quantities to
New Orleans and other points, upon
deposits of gold in the New York sub
treasury by the New' York
agents of the Southern banks.
Kitchener In Cl
i maud In South Africa
Lord Roberts has handed over the
command of the British troops in
South Africa to Lord Kitchener. It is
asserted that the queen approve* Lord
Kitchener's promotion to be lieutenant
general, with the rank of general
while in command in South Africa.
Despite some misgivings, hearty ap
proval is generally expressed of Lord
Kitcheners appointment. It is felt
that if any one can clear up matters in
South Africa, he is the mau; and it is
readily admitted that the task before
him, though of a different kind* is al
most as difficult as that which faced
Lord Roberts ten months ago, aud is
calculated to give him the fullest scope
to all of Kitchener's talents as
fcouth American Republics nn Verge of War.
tnfnpmnfnn i
Information of a positive character
bas confirmed the reports that Uruguay
is a b° ut to sever friendly relations
Wlth »«"»• Jt i» admitted that the
government at Montevideo i. expect
Ul % soon Gj hand hia passports to the
lirariliun minhi.c
,Haz,,mn m,n,fct «r.
The Brazilian cabinet has discussed
.i_t .... ,
*hts attitude, but in the absence of
aCti0 " h " " 0t de ° ided what
course shall be pursued,
i»_i; •_ • » .
Bolivia, is also showing some feeling
a P ain!it Brazilians. Its minister has
j presented a protest against alleged
• * lî PP<>i*t given to the republic of Acre
! by tUe ot the state of
an or
Montana Woman Arrested.
Mrs. Grace Robinson, aged 18, of
Libby, Montana, was arrested at Cleve
land, O., Saturday, at a leading hotel,
charged with being a fugitive from jus
Mrs, Robinson is the wife of one
of the officials of the American Koote
I nay Mining and Milling company at
Libby. His wife is charged with hav
ing stolen 826,000 worth of the stock of
that company belonging to her hus
The woman says the stock is in
her nar .10 on the books of the
She offers to return to Montaus.
Civil Service In Philippine«.
President McKinley has issued
ecutive order directing the United
otatea Civil Service commission to
der such assistance as may l>e practi
cable to the civil service board created
by «lie Philippine commission to estab
lish and maintain "an honest and effi
cient civil service" in the Philippines.
The commission is instructed to
duct civil service examinations there
on the request of the board under
an ex
lations hereafter to be agreed upon, be
tween the two bodies
On© Hundred Injured-Crowd Had Gath
ltoof to Witness Football Game.
As a result of the falling in of the
roof of a glass factory in San Fran
cisco, Thursday, thirteen people were
killed and 100 others were more or test
About 100 people fell through the
roof upon the red-hot furnaces and
glass vats below. All were horribly
burned, ami it is feared that in addi
tion to tlie dead already reported there
will be several more. The list of iden
tified dead and injured is ns follows:
Dead: J. A. Mulrooney, Talleyrand
Barn wall, W. II. Eckfeld t,
lUrold, Edgar Flaharen, Frank New
by, T. J. Kippon, William Valencia,
M. Van Dina.
Walter Griffin,
Campbell, George Miller, Louis Cooper,
John Lane, L. E. Macaulay, Frecbtile,
•lesse Cohen. Clarence Burns, Harold
Palmer, Martin Traynor, John Brogb,
serious; Fred Garity, skull fractured
and left leg fretured, serious; R. Ess
tnann, Will Huusch, Leon Gerard, Cla
rence Burns, serious; J. Frechtier, L
Doyle, Fred Ruwinklc. George C. Mil
ler, Arthur Oulsen,
l >
George Ilcnsur,
Fred Hartman. John Houser, Theodore
Baker, George Pelle, Ed Home, James
Bowen, Carroll Harold Palmer, Albert
Gerke, George Campbell, Albert Loux,
George Morehnt,William Conway,
Darcy, W. K. Grant, Otto Benueister.
Eighty-two persons, more or less in
jurrd, were taken to the various hos
pitals or removed to their homes.
Most of those killed and injured
were boys between 9 and 10 years of
age. Nearly nil of the victims had
their skulls fractured or limbs broken
and sustained serious internal injuries.
hundred people, all men und
boys, hail gathered on the sheet-iron
roof of the glass works to obtaiu a free
view of the annual football game be
tween Stanford and University of Cali
fornia. About twenty minutes after
the game had commenced there
crash, plainly audible from the foot
ball grounds, and a portion of the
crowd on the roof went down to a
horrible death below.
The fires iu the furnaces had been
started for the first time for the season
and the vats were full of liquid glass.
It was upon these that the victims
was a
Some were killed instantly aud
others were slowly roasted to death.
The few who missed the furnaces with
workmen saved tlie lives of many who
lay unconscious by dragging there
Away from their horrible resting place
dilp Line to Europe.
A new steamship line lias been
tahlished to ply between Portland,
Oregon, and Europe, via Yokohama,
Kobe, Hongkong, Manila, Singapore
atnl Colombo. There is always a large
local trafiic between these ports.
Freight offering* from Europe to the
Orient are always heavy, and there
will be no difficulty in securing full
outward cargoes for the steamer*
ing this way. They expect to secure
enough through freight from Europe
to the Pacific coast to enable the
6teamers to till up their capacity when
they leave the Orient to cross the
Visit of Battleship
Smyrna Brings Tur
key to Ti
The arrival of the United States
battleship Kentucky to Smyrna has so
shaken up Turkey that indications are
accumulating of a desire to hasten a
settlement to the satisfaction of the
United States. An irada has been is*
sued, calling for the purchase of a
cruiser at Philadelphia, tho price foi
which is to include the $90,000 Arme
nian indemnity,
Despite the dispute
relations betweeu the United
States legatiou and the Porte continue
Ktrwnger Tl.au a Divorce.
An Audrain couuty (Missouri)
found that he could not live happilj
with his wife and lather than a s foi
a divorce, they signed a deep of aepS'
ration which was fll?d with the conn
ty recorder. It is said to be the first
instrument of the kind ever
ord in Missouri.
on réc
it divides the proper
ty and Is more binding than a decre.
of divorce, in that It forever
rate* the contracting rarties and pro
vides against any reconç'Uatlon In tha
i*uccn to Reward II11
fur III* A merleau
vhich has always shown it
$elf particularly well informed as to
fliplomotic affairs, says it is probable
'Jueen Victoria will offer a viscountcy
pr an earldom to Lord Bauncefote, the
British ambassador,at Washington, on
his retirement from the diplomatic
service, in recognition of his successful
embassy, adding, "all the more as this
mark of royal favor will be much ap
preciated in the United States.'* •
Typhoon ut G
Advices have been received from
Manila that the island of Guam ban
been visited by a terrible typhoon
which wrecked hundreds of houses,
among them the quarters of General
Tlie towns of Indrajan and Terrafore
were swept away, and it is estimated
that hundreds of the native population
in various parts of the island met their
The coeoanut crops were rendered
absolutely worthless, and the vegeta
tion of the island killed by salt water.
British Garrison at Oewetsdorp VnmpnHii
to Surrender.
Lord Roberts cabled from Johannes
burg Thursday that the Dewetsdorp
garrison of two guns of the Sixty
eighth field battery, with detachments
of the Gloucestershire regiment, tbs
Highland Light infantry and Irish
rifles, 400 in all, surrendered Wednes
day to the Boers under Dewet.
British losses were fifteen men killed
and forty-two wounded, including
Msjor Hansen and Captain Digby.
The regiment is said to lie 2100 strong.
Four hundred were dispatched from
Edinburg to relieve Oewetsdorp, but
they did not succeed In reaching there
in time. Knox joined this force, sod
found Dewetsdorp evacuated,
ty-flve sick and wounded had been left
Knox pursued and is reported to have
engaged Steyn and Dewet near Vall
The disaster at Dewetsdorp has sent
a thrill of alarm through Great Britain.
The censorshipcontinues so strict that
there is no hope of arriving at a clear
conception of the actual position of af
fairs in South Africn.
lllliml, II,ilk Hobb.d.
Four masked men wrecked the
Farmers' bank of Emden, III., Friday
the funds of the hank, between $3,(ki0
and 54,000.
When the robbers discharged their
first blasts of dynamite in an effort to
open the vault, the explosion aroused
John Alberts, four hiooks
herts hurried to the bank.
They retired west tod south
It is aaiil they secured all
away. AD
One of the robbers was on guard in
He seized Alberts, who
was bound hand and foot and dragged
into the bank, where he witnessed the
gang drilling into the vault door,
mak ing ready a second blast.
When the fuse was lighted the rob*
bers stepped outside and Alberts laj
in the corner when it went off. Us
was not seriously injured.
The second blast unhinged the vault
doors, and the robbers made off with
all the cash.
the street.
Securing a hand car,
they pulled in the direction of Delà*
There they were met by Night*
Patrolman Sanford, who attempted tc
arrest them. One of the robbers fired
and Sanford fell, mortally wounded.
Outside the town the men boarded a
passenger train on the Chicago & Al
All traces of them were lost.
Uryan Sayaairight Maat Go On.
In answer to a congratulatory ad
dress presented by the Bryan Home
Guards of Lincoln, Neb., W. J. Bryan
sent a letter to H. F. Itookey, thank
ing' him for the expressions of esteem,
and concluding as follows:
"When a political party meets with
reversion the greatest consolation the
candidate has, aside from the approval
of conscience, is the knowledge that
he retains the confidence of those with
whom he was associated, and I thank
the guards for this
assurance. The
contest between democracy and plu
tocracy will go on and those who be
lieve in the Declaration of Independ
ence and the doctrine of equality be
fore the law must still defend human
rights from the encroachment of
Report of Secretary of the Navy.
The annual report of the secretary
of the navy has been made public.
Secretary refers to the co-operation of
the fleet in Asiatic waters with the
army in the Philippines in patrolling a
wide area of badly-chartered waters
and keeping- the coast clear of the
enemy. Jle cites the good work done
by the marines in aiding in defense o!
the legation at Peking and pays higli
tribute to their bravery and efficiency.
The nèed of officers for sea duty ii
shown and the statement made that an
additional force of 5,000 men will be
needed when vessels now under con*
struction are completed.
As to when or how, or. Indeed,
whether we may compass the destruc
tion of the liquor traffic, wc are anx
ious, but we do not despair; confi
dent, but we do not prophesy;
meanwhlla we roll In the luxury of
salf-respect and glorify God and
country with our bodies and our spir
its, which are theirs.—Johu G. Wool
the Future.
Nome Locked tn Ice.
Nome it now completely isolated
from the outer world by a barrier of
ice. For seven long months this con
dition of affairs will continue. The
camp is well supplied with provisions
and fuel. It is possible that before the
first steamers arrive at Nome in the
spring there may be a slight shortage
of coal, but it is not anticipated that i*
will be serious.
November 8th the Ice had crept ont
from Nome into the 6ea for a distance
of 200 feet. Several mornings pre
vious lighters had been frozen in.
Fourteen-Year-Old Boy Convicted of Mar
Richard Novak of Chicago, aged 14
years, has been found guilty of mur
companion, Albert Olsen, during a
quarrel, September 17.
He will be sent to the reformatory
under the indeterminable act, where
he will be confined until he is released
on parole, or sent to the state prison
when he ie of age. Novak is said to be
the youngest murderer ever convicted,
in Cook county..
Kovak stabbed and killed his

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