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The Kootenai herald. [volume] (Kootenai, Idaho) 1891-1904, September 12, 1891, Image 2

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I
THE KOOTENAI HERALD
Issued Every Saturday By
S. D. TAYLOR, Proprietor.
PRIDE.
Oral4 one ascend with an unheard of flight.
An skyward, skyward without limit soar,
As if the pinion of a god lie wore,
Till earth were left a dwindling star, whose light
Flew faint upon his track; at last his height
All height would vanquish; there in deeps of
space
Were neither upper nor inferior place;
Distinction's little zone below him quite.
Oh : happy dreams of such a soul have I,
And softly to my heart of him I sing,
Whose seraph pride all pride doth overwing;
Soars unto meekness, reaches low by high,
And, as in grand equalities of the sky,
Stands level with the beggar and the king.
—David Atwood Wasson.
Emperor William at Waterloo.
The Emperor William, of Germany,
commanded a regiment at the buttle of
Waterloo, and Gen. Simon Cameron, of
Pennsylvania, had nearly reached man's
estate when that battle was fought. And
yet when we read of the first Napoleon
and his deeds we think of it all as belong
ing to some far distant period—indeed, it
reads almost like a fable. How many
people, by the way, on the whole face of
the earth, are now nlive who were living
when the Emperor William and Gen.
Cameron were born? Can there be more
than 1,000—or perhaps 2,000?—Philadel
phia Times.
How Electricity Kill..
An expert electrician seriously advances
a proposition that will provoke discussion.
He asserts that it is not the electricity
the human system receives that kills.
Life is destroyed, wrenched from the sub
ject of a superabundance of the fluid, by
the discharge. In other words, if a man
were converted into an electrical jar, he
would prove an entirely trustworthy res
ervoir of electricity. Any quantity of the
fluid might be "banked" in him. But
the moment it is drawn from him he drops
lifeless, limp as the sparrow that falls
from the wire.—Pittsburg Bulletin.
Calling the Waitress.
In the stylish up town houses in New
York now it is impossible to see how the
lady of the house communicates with the
kitchen while a meal is in progress.
This is because the call bell has become
a mere electric button on one of the
table legs, and she presses it with lier
foot whenever she wants the waitress.
For a very few dollars—about twenty-five
—New York houses are now fitted with
electric systems, including the front door
bell and bells in t ie bedrooms.—Good
Housekeeping.
Th« Southern Climate.
It seems to me that the old theory which
makes the southern climate enervating is
n false one. So far as I am concerned it
certainly is false. I find an exhilaration
in this latitude which tome is a tempta
tion to overwork rather than to the con
contrary. Sooner or later all this Gulf
coast will be to the United States what
the Mediterranean coast is to France and
Italy—a great winter resort, not only for
invalids but for all who prefer warm
weather and soft air.—Maurice Thomp
son.
Wearing Feather» I;
Although Brazil is noted for its birds
of brilliant plumage, it is said that the
empress does not countenance the wearing
of their feathers and will not allow them
to be used on any part of her dresses. She
is reported to have told a lady at Cannes
that, "much as she admires the feathers
of the magnificent birds of Brazil, she
only likes them on their bodies."—New
York Evening World.
Brazil.
Irrigation in California.
The irrigation of land in California not
only benefits the area to which the water
is directly applied, but tracts fifteen or
twenty miles away. The water thus con
ducted through the plains can go no
lower than the hardpan, which is always
near the surface—from three to twenty
feet—and thus the whole country is de
riving a benefit by its spreading.—Chicago
Times.
A Paying Profession.
One of the paying professions of Paris
is said to be that of trunk packer. In
many of the little trunk shops you can
hire for forty cents an hour a man
who will pack your trunks artistically,
folding expensive gowns and other gar
ments in tissue paper, and stowing away
delicate bric-a-brac iu the safest way.—
New York Sun.
Nothing to Wear.
Wife—I declare 1 am almost ashamed to
go to church with this hat on. IS isn't at all
the style.
Husband—Is this Bridget's .Sunday out?
Wife—No.
Husband—Why don't you borrow hers?—
Harper's Bazar.
Notice of a Funeral.
The most noteworthy feature of the sad oc
casion was an eloquent address by Jim Peg
top, a brother-in-law of the remains. Jim is
a hustler from way back, and has done much
to corral the big boom which this town is
now having.—Arizona Howler.
Going Shopping in Volapuk.
In Volapuk, the universal language, "ale
mobs" is the word for "to buy." That settles
Volapuk hereabouts. No woman could
bring herself to remark thut she is goiug out
for an afternoon's alemobbiug.—Pittsburg
Bulletin.
Society's ( lasses.
Society is composed of two great classes,
those who have more apjietito than dinner,
and those who have more dinner than appe
tite.—Chamfort.
It is far more easy to acquire a fortune
like a knave thuu to expend it like a gentle
man.—Colton.
Better to go to bed supperless than to get
up in debt.
FlUTCHARD SIZED UP. |
THE VANQUISHER OF JEM
SMITH A FAVORITE.
■Ils Cliance* With FDzmI nimoiii,
Hull or AlcAiillfFe —The Lutter !tlay
Fight flint Alter the Affkir With
Gibbons.
There is now a great deal of talk at [
present among men who interest them- |
selves in the doings of boxers, about j
Mullivan and Slavin. The relative j
merits of "Long Jim" Hall and "Long j
Hob" Fitzsimmons are also being dis
cussed. George Dixon's latest victory
is still talked about. McAuliffe and
Gibbons come in for their share of j
the argument, but about a pugilist
whose name is often mentioned
nowadays Americans know compara
tively little. This man is Pritchard,
the present holder of the middleweight
and the heavyweight championships of
England. Un the other side of tiie
herring pond he is regarded as the
coining middleweight champion I
of the world. Pritchard is
anxious to try conclusions with ,
Fitzsimmons or IIaP. He would make ;
an admirable showing with either of ]
these - boxers. Should he get on a
match with the latter the probabilities '
are that he would be at least an even j
money chance. Against Fitzsimmons
Pritchard would be a second choice, ;
for American sporting men believed
Jack Dempsey invincible, and it is only
natural that they should have great
faith in his conqueror. No matter
what the odds may be against him
when he meets the New Zealander, for
it appears to ba a sure thing that they
of
a
run !
Jv
Æ
eled. "pV rictus
V
KS.
N
I
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....
will come together sooner or later,
1'riteliard will give his backers a
for their money.
When he reached his fifteenth year j
Pritchard became a member of a com- !
pany of traveling boxers. In England j
dozens of such troupes may be seen at , j
every county fair. Prizes ot from $1 to
$3, according to the condition of the
proprietor s exchequer, are offered to
outsiders who can "stay" four rounds
with any of the company. The man 1
who wishes to try for this money is
pitted against one ot' the boxers of
al out his own weight, and an admission
of from five to twenty-five cents is |
Pritchard was a ;
1
charged to the show,
great success. He was engaged at a
salary which would amount to about ;
$7.50 in American money, and he
thouglit himself well paid. ' His duties
consisted of meeting five, ten, and
sometimes as many as twenty men a
day. If any of them succeeded in
"staying" with him the stipulated |
number of rounds, one-quarter of the ;
suin paid to the successful contestant i
was deducted from Ted's weekly sti- J
pendiary emolument. It soon began
to dawn upon Ted that he could make i
more money in boxing competitions
with much less effort and he entered :
tournaments in Lambeth, both of which ;
ne won.
Subsequently he gave away too
much weight to a local boxer named
"Pudney" Sullivan and was beaten.
A heavy-weight named Bill Whatley
also proved too much for Pritchard.
After these experiences he decided to
pick out men of his own weight, but
as he won battle after battle with
ir.iddle-weights he grew harder and
tackled big bin- with unvarying suc
cess. After making a second tour with |
a "penny" show, as these traveling
companies are calkd. Pritchard went ,
to London. He won several com- I
peti ions there, and was soon |
matched against Jim Hayes for I
{500 a side. This fight took place in Feb- j
ruary, ls8J. Seeing the r favorite j
badly beaten. Haves' friends broke in- :
to the ring and stopped the proceed- j
ings. Pritchard, however, was given
the stakes. Three months later
Pritchard was matched against Ober
Burns for a like amount. This con
test lasted two rounds, and Burns was
not "in it." By this time the London
sports began to talk about the Lam
beth boxer and
then regarded
est middle-weight in England, and
sought a match with the newcomer.
Pritchard readily found hacking for
$ 1 , 000 , hut it was several months be
fore the affair was arranged.
I ritchard was attacked with pneu
monia. and it was not until December |
of last year that he faced Mitchell in
the ring. Ah interesting battle ensued
and Pritchard won m four rounds.
Jack Burke, the "Irish lad, who was
considered a first-class man in his class,
saw Mitchell vanquished and lost no
time in challenging the winner they
signed articles to box for $2,500 a side
and the middleweight championship
of England.
March. Burke was the favorite. The j
fact that lie hail made such a good
showing with both John L. Su livan
and Frank Sla in told in the betting.
Burke was so far outclassed by Prit
chard, however, that many of his
Alf Mitchell,
as the clever
They
last
met
ad
Û
n
55
.
j
!
To 1
LLÜ
il I I
[IM
mirers belived that he had sold the
fight.
this suspicion. Pritchard proved him
self to be an infinitely better boxer
and a greater general. Burke was
badly beaten in tnree rounds.
After this victory Pritchard an
nouneed his willingness to box any
middleweight in the world, with pre
ferences for Fitzsimmons and Hall,
As negotiations were then pending be
tween the Antipodean«, neither of
them paid any attention to the Briton s
defy. Meanwhile Mr. Abington, an
English sport, whose name is known
nearly the world over, set about to
match Pritchard against Jem omith,
who in spite of his defeats
by Jackson and Slavin. was
the recognized heavyweight champion
of England. Abington never liked
Pritchard and he vowed that he would
have him whipped, it was Abington
who furnished Alf Mitchell's stake
money. He also put up Jack Burke's
stakes. Pritchard was ready to make
a match with Smith, and after some
dilly-dallying on "the latter's "part
articles of agreement were finally
signed.
The result of the contest was a sur
prise to the pugilistic world. Pritchard,
although fifteen pounds the lighter,
mowed his opponent down in thre ;
rounds. In the early part of the
tight Smith floored him three times,
lie quickly recovered and the tables
were soon turned. So Abington lost
another $2,500. As he is worth several
millions, however, the loss will not
worry him to an alarming extent.
Abington, it is said is ready to back
Fitzsimmons against Pritchard for $5,
000. The latter would have an ad
vantage of two inches in height, as
Pritchard is 5 feet o inches tall.
Jack McAuliffe was interviewed at
his place of training the other day. He
said if he won the fight with Gibbons
he would challenge Pritchard.
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'JacT-M.-flolïifiL
There was no real grounds for
T. H. J.
j ack p ma|1 w|lo VreHentM
Almost I nbroken Record,
Jack^ Pefc;
champion wrestler of Australia, is
years of age. He made his first ap
pearance as a wrestler in a contest for
a medal ami the amateur champion -
ship of the colonies, at Victor's Hall,
Melbourne. Nov. 7, 1887, when he won.
His next performance was at Prof.
Miller's benefit, when he wrestled
In 1 SSK lie threw
AUSTRALIAN WRESTLER.
the heavyweight
vman,
M
Chasen and won.
out a challenge to any 128 pound ama
teur, and was accommodated by Theo
dore Lawrence of Germany. They
met on Aug.
Temperance Hall, Hotham, when
Ferryman won very easily. In
1881* he won first prize at the Cale
donian sports against A. Berryman, C.
Evton. A. Christel, M. Ewans, M.
O'Brien, J. Stag pool. Subsequently
i beat .1 Cashen for $50 a side at Birch's
hotel; I then met M. Ewans in a five
: style match, winning the ti st three
; falls — G ne co-Roman, Cornish, and
catch-as-catch can. On April 25, 18D0,
the
at
10.
|
,
I
|
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j
j
:
j
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he de f eated Andre Christol at the Mel
bournu Athletic Club, the best of three
f B n s , Gra co-Roman.for
^ven bv the c i 0 b.
j i arr y Pierce for Si00 and a purse given
^ the same club, and subsequently
defeated J. B. Benjamin for $50 and a
purse, in the Commotion Gymnasium,
Fitzroy.
j
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5
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m
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Y
and a purse
He also defeated
In Turkey when a man is caught in a
lie an official is sent around to paint the
front of his house black.
The deadly car stove has been advised
"go west and snow up with the
to
>i
I country.
CHEROKEE LAND TITLE.
to
ly
A CURIOUS ILLUSTRATION OF THE
SOCIALISTIC IDEA.
The Band Held n* Commun Property,
but the Improvements Are tlie Prop
erty of the Individual — Certain Re
nt lierions Laid—farmer« and Farm.
To the student of land problems the Chero
kee land title is a most interesting feature of
their life, and the inferences to be drawn
from its workings are many and valuable.
Tire Cherokee is usually known as a com- |
munist, and in some sense of the word this
is true; but the peculiar situation is such
that what he lacks in legal communism he .
makes up through other circumstances. In;
.. * . ■ . il i
so far as the ideal ot the communist will be
realized when every man lives on his own
land, and finds his wants as a member of
the community supplied by the central gov
ernment—in so far as this is the communistic
I
., , .. . . . .
ideal, the Cherokee presents today an illus- ;
tratwn of national land holding. , M
On the 1st day of August, 18o8, the Chero- .
kee tribe, assembled w camp at Oquohee, I.
1., began their proceedings with this some- j j
what grandiloquent claim; j
"W hereas, lhe titieot the Cherokee people
to their lands is the most ancient and abso- ;
lute known to man, its date is beyond the
, . in
recall of human record, its validity con
united and illustrated by possession and en
joyment antecedent to all pretense and claim j
by any other portion of the human race.
I
j
On this basis the remarkable men assent- •
bled in this council proceeded to form the
wonderful constitution under which the
tribe has lived and prospered so signally, |
and from which were copied in a measure |
the constitutions of the other nations. Prob
NATIONALlZATION OP LAND.
ably influenced by the Indian idea of prop
erty in land the idea of socialism they
held that the land belonged to the Cherokee
tribe, and not to the individuals thereof. 1
Land, says the Indian, liko his communistic |
brother, is as air and water, the property of
all; it cannot be given away to the few. Pur
suing this theory, the Cherokee constitution
secured the nationalization of laud in the
Cherokee state in these words: |
main the common property, but the improve
merits made thereon and in the possession of
the citizens of the nation are the exclusive
and indefeasible property of the citizens re
spectively who made and may be rightfully
in possession thereof.
"The land of the Cherokee nation shall re
These improvements therefore descend to
the heirs of the citizen, or they may lie sold
by him, but the land, occupy it as long as he
will, can never be his. He may oceupy as
much laud as he can cultivate, provided he
does not come within one-quarter of a mile of
his neighbor. This prohibition does not, of
course, refer to the towns. He must establish
a claim to this land by proving it to be un
occupied, and at the proper distance from
his neighbor, and when he shall have fenced
it, or put upon it $50 worth of improve
ments, he has the right to occupy as long as
he chooses; but if he fails to so occupy it for
two years, it reverts to the nation again. |
Thera is absolutely no limit to the amount he |
may thus use if he can cultivate it; but if he I
wishes to possess himself of two different
farms, they must be the required quarter of a
mile apart.
CERTAIN RESTRICTIONS LAID.
To be sure that speculation does not inter
fere with the common right of all to her
land, the Cherokee nation through her legis
lature has laid certain restrictions upon her
people. The valuable black walnut and j
pecan t.im lier belongs to the nation; the in- |
dividual may neither cut. it nor sell it. The 1
possible mines of lier rocky hills may not be
opened, for an old statute makes the discov- !
The
ery of a mine punishable with death,
remembrance of their cruel ejectment from ,
their rich mineral lauds in Georgia is thus '
curiously embalmed in the law. And while
tliere is no limit to the amount which a citi- j
zen may cultivate, he can take up for pastur- I
age but fifty acres, thus effectually prevent- ;
lug the absorption of the land by great gruz
Ing firms. Thus the Cherokee lias his land
held for him forever by his state. He may
sell his improvements, and he and his family
mav practically reside in the same place per
manently, since the right of occupancy may
be devised. This right may also be sold.
But the individualizing of the land that
would seem to be thus brought about is neu
tralized by the vast tracts of rich unoccupied
territory waiting the industrious hand.
How thoroughly this plan has worked, as
its sanguine modern advocates would have
us believe it always will work, is shown by
the exact correspondence l>etween the num
ber of male inhabitants and the number of
dwellings ( 5,000 each), and the nearly similar
number of farms and farmers—3,500 farmers
on 4,000 farms. Moreover the right of a
woman to the land is the same as that of a
man; and her husband, although not a Cher
okee nor even an Indian, may acquire her
rights by marriage, and be adopted into the
prietorship and "Cherokee rights," joined to
This is the only dower; for alien pro
tribe.
the pretty faces gained from a mixed Indian
and white ancestry, have proved a strong at
traetion to many a wanderer, and a herit
age of joy and sorrow, as it might be, to
Indian woman.—Anna Laurens
I
j
j
j many an
Dawes iu Harper's Magazine.
To Put Out Chi
ey Fires.
Zinc, placed upon the lire in stove or grate,
is said to have proved itself an effective ex- j
I tinguisher of chimney fires. To a member of
the Boston fire department is reported to be j
due the credit of successfully introducing
When a fire starts in
I this simple scheme.
side a chimney, from whatever cause, a piece
of thin sheet zinc, about four inches square,
is merely put into the stove or grate con
necting with the chimney. The zinc fuses
aud liberates acidulous fumes, which, passing
up the flue, are said to almost instantly put
out whatever fire there may be there. It
certainly sounds simple enough.—Fire and
Water.
A Keasonahle Kxplaniition.
"How is it you have so many young men
call on you?" asked a jealous girl.
"Because," was the reply, "fathor has the
gout in one foot and the rheumatism in the
other; besides we don't keep a dog.—Judge.
a
The first slave labor within the present
' limits of the United States was that em
ployed at the founding of SL Augustine, in
, 1505.
An fffly Elephant.
"Of all the ugly elephant* I have
known,'' «u'<l the trainer, "Albert was
the worst. You could gain some idea of
his disposition by looking into his eyes,
lie used to go out into the ring to carry
me in on his tusks after the act.was ovCi.
That was all it was possible to train hitb
to do. One night at Nashua, N. H., as
one of the keepers was getting Albert
ready for the ring, the elephant sudden
ly turned on him and felled him to the
earth with a blow from his trunk. An
elephant in attacking a man curls up his
trunk and then throws it out, like one
striking straight from his shoulder.
Wheu Albert had knocked the keeper
down, he coiled his trunk about him,
raised him up in the air and then thrashed
the earth with him, breaking every bone
. ^ ^,
', lr , 1 C _ , , .. . . ,, ,
"W hen it was learned that Albert had
killed the keeper, the ring master re
quested members of the local militia com
pany who were in the audience at the
time to step forward. A squad of them
were requested to appear in the morning
and ghuot Albt , rf . i could always control
M indeed) he was perfectly docile to
lne w ben 1 captured him after he had
kiUed the keeper and chained him up. I
j ed j,j m out ou t he morning of the execu
tion and gave him some hay. I never saw
him so docile. As he ate his breakfast I
just back of his fore legz
in the region of the heart. Then twenty- - ^
seven militiamen stood off a little dis
j n to that circle,
chalked a circle
tance and at the word of command fired
Five bullets pierced the
elephant's heart, and he dropped dead,
making the ground tremble as he fell.
Success in handling elephants depends on
letting them know that you are boss, and
never for a moment relaxing your stern
discipline.''—New York Evening Sun.
Brass Signs Expensive.
It was the custom about five years ago
to have brr.S3 signs on doors, and every
merchant invested in bright sheet metal
with name and business painted in in
| dented letters. You don't see so many of
them now, and most of those you do see
are dingy and coated with a dirty oxidized
changes* in the styles are, but of all I am
| acquainted with this has been the most
expensive. It is not like the sign one sets
in his door and allows to remain there
without further concern until it goes tc J
pieces. It has been a cost of $25, and®
looked very attractive the first week or
so. Then the variations q( climate
covering. Merchants know what these
proved so great that I had to have it
burnished very frequently in order to
keep it in good condition. There was a
man here who used to make a business of
polishing these signs, and for $2 a month
he used to come around and burnish the
sigu. This made the sign cost me over
$ 100 before the style changed and mer
chants began to stick porcelain letters on
their windows. Styles in ligns seem to
change every three or four years. You
can observe that by making a survey of
the business houses, some of which have
signs five, ten and fifteen years old.—
Merchant iu Globe Democrat,
Paper From Tobacco Stems.
"What do you think that is?" inquired
a wholesale stationer of the writer, at
the same time handing the latter a sheet
of note paper of excellent quality and the
finest finish.
' 'Paper. ' ' answered the reporter. "Can't
you give me something hard?"
•Oh, yes; of course it's paper, but
what's it made from?"
"Linen rags. - '
"Just what I thought you'd say, but
yon see you don't know it all. No sir;
that paper which appears to be, and is
equal to paper manufactured from linen
ras», wus in its natural state nothing but
I
1 bo stems and waste of the tobacco plant,
use bas Lius been discovered for thou
sands of tons of material, that has hereto
^ ole bt ' en practically worthless. Another
IK5W paper making material is bamboo,
wh,ch - after beil1 « crushed to a pulp, can
bc into an excellent quality of pa
P e , r ; / shouldn't be very much surprised,"
ad<led the stationer, ruminatively "to
hear that some genius had succeeded in
manufacturing paper from pulverized
cobbl ° st « nes - „ " great country, and
can t most a ways tell what's going
to happen.''-Mail and Express,
Biff Afr'can Enterprise».
Considerable amounts of American cap
ital are being invested in some big African
enterprises. The railroad from Delagoa
bay, the best harbor on the east coast of
Africa, which is now completed for a dis
tance of fifty-four miles inland, was built
by an American syndicate under
from Pretoria, the capital of the Trans
vaal. The largest trading company on
the Upper Congo, and tiie only one that
baa jet sent two steamers to the upper
river, is the Sanford company, which was
organized and until recently was managed
< 'fii ulerable Belgian W
a con
cession from tiie Portuguese government.
It will conuect with the line to be built
b y Americans,
capital, however, is invested in the com
P a ny. American engineers surveyed and
are now building the railroad from Loanda
to Ambaca, which is backed by the Portu
I guese government. Some American
j money also is finding its way into quartz
j crushing machinery for the new gold
fields of South Africa.—Chicago News.
j
j
Asking T
Much.
She (not at all handsome)—Oh, Tom, now
you've got your outfit down here, won't you
take my picture?
He (amateur photographer)—Good gra
cious, Sally, you can't ex|>eet a fellow to
ta * J0 all J' risks with a hundred ami fifty dol
* ur lens.—Racket,
Not. on Ire.
Husband—Are there any oysters in the
house?
Wife—Only two, and you can't have them.
Husband—W by?
Wife—Johnnie's been in a street fight, and
they are on his eyes.—Epoch.
I
Furnished Dooms.
Smith—Look here, when I engaged this
room you told me it was furnished, but I
find nothing but a bed in it. How is that?
Landlord—That's all right. I furnish the
room and you furnish the furniture.—Law
rence American.
*
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