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The Kootenai herald. [volume] (Kootenai, Idaho) 1891-1904, October 10, 1891, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86091083/1891-10-10/ed-1/seq-6/

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flow Bi" SlHgp Fire* are Produced —
Fluftlieft of Lightning Unit ifliike (lie
Falllii": Hater Drop* Appear Like
a Ileal Shower of llain
ing has become
one of the most
complex and re
fined of arts. The
spectator, in fact,
is no longer sat
isfied, as of old,
with a vain illu
sion that his imag
ination is called
upon to complete,
but he requires a
semblance of real
ity capable of giv
ing him the sensa
tion of the genu
ine thing, and,
naturally, all hands, the impresarii,
machinists, scene painters, etc., put
their wits to work (in most casés with
success) to gratify his taste. Each new
spectacular piece reveals to us some
novel innovation, and, in truth, it is an
occupation not without interest or util
ity to study the modifications and im
provements that have been made in
time in the same scenic effect.
Let us take, for example, the rep
resentation of fires, in the theater,
formerly, as in Mignon, or in the
Prophet, some flames of lycopodium
and some red Bengal lights sufficed to
satisfy everybody. Great improve
ments have been made since, and in re
cent years the skillful stage mounters
of the opera-house have twice shown
us (first in Sigurd, ami hut a few days
afterwards in the Magian, Mr. Mas
sent's new opera) conflagrations that
have been improved to such a
degree as to be capable of vying with
real fires, as far as effect is concerned.
In this regard, the setting of the Ma
gian is particularly remarkable,
are at the last act of the drama,
temple of Djahi is in ruins
ranians have burned it.
intact the triumphant
goddess, before whom, like smoke of
incense, rise puff's of bluish vapor from
the rubbish. The Magian Zarastra
contemplates the pile of debris with
horror, and near him stands Anahita,
the queen of Tuvan. Meanwhile,
the priestess of the temple, Vare
dah. mortally wounded and ly
ing prone upon the earth, revives and,
seeing Zarastra triumphant near her
rival, invokes the Djahi in a burst of
fury. The latter obeys her voice. The
fire, which is still smoldering under
the ashes, breaks out again. At first,
the smoke becomes more intense, and
its spirals, on rising in the air, become
tinged with red. Then the flames soon
reappear along the cornices that are
still in place, the statue gives way,
the tire extends by degrees, and the
stage is soon nothing but an immense
glowing brazier, in which sparks are
crackling, fiâmes are flickering and
smoke is curling.
Now what is the secret of this
wonderful stage mounting? It will be
recalled that in Sigurd the effect ob
tained is produced by jets of steam to
which a rose color is given by means
of Bengal lights. The steam tinder
pressure enters through large conduits
running under the stage and escapes
through small tubes soldered to the
supply pipes and traversing the stage
floor. The inanem er is executed by
operating a cock. The inconvenience
of the process lies in the loud strident
noise made by the steam escaping into
the air.
In the Magian, where the orchestra
music at the moment of the fire is rela
tively sot, and low, this circumstance
would have been most annoying. It
therefore became necessary to find a
means of producing the steam in abun
dance, while at the same time prevent
ing noise being made by its escape.
The difficulty was happily surmounted
as follows:
Tne steam generated by a boiler is
The Tu
Alone stands
statué of the
15 :
here again led by pipes as in Sigurd;
but instead of its being allowed to es
cape through a thousand narrow ori
fices, it is made to pass into special ap
paratus—-large boxes in the shape of
an isoceles triangle connected in pairs
at the two extremities of the same
supply-pipe. These boxes, which are
fixed by the apex opposite the
oase of the triangle, have, at their
point of attachment, considerable
thickness, which gradually diminishes
in measure as the wide part ». if the ap
paratus is approached. At the base of
the triangle the thickness is greatly
reduced, so that the steam, which is
distributed throughout the whole ex
tent of the box, escapes without any
noise, and throughout . its width.
■ through a narrow orifice between the
I two faces of the apparatus. In the in
terior of the boxes there are pie es of
felt, the principal object of which is to
absorb the drops of water carried alo.;g
mechanically. (Fig. li.
The advantage of this peculiar ar
rangement, which at the opera-house,
vvas installed entirely by Mr. David, is
that it permits of the disengagement of
steam everywhere where it is neces
sary. These boxes, in fact, are easily
manipulated by two men. and
hooks fixed to their surface permit
of attaching them at will, and in
an instant, along a strip of light or
elsewhere, ai.ove'the stage or on a level
with it. After a simple coupling pipe
has been connected with thesteamcon
duit, the apparatus begins to operate.
In the Magian. twenty-nine of these
double boxes arc employed. Seventeen
are distributed over the stage at differ
ent points and nearly up to the height
of the soffit curtains.
The twelve
others are beneath the stage and the
orifice whefice the steam escapes and
traverses the flooring.
I his system of conflagration. the ef
fects of which are heightened by Ben
gal lights lycopodium flames, variously
nit^s of fire works designed Ä, 1
late the leaping of the sparks produced
bv the sinking of the statue, is not ab
sölutely new. 11 has, in fact, already
been employed at Dresden, and in the
Theater de la Monnaie, at Brussels, in
the mounting of Valkyrie. At Paris,
for example, it has been notably im
proved by Mr. David. At Dresden, in
fact, the boxes were of wood and al
? r

n| I
ji| 11
- . s
jlp/tfirarhis fnr imilstrng ilie smofe -
lowed of the spreading of the steam,
which s-oon filled all the parts beneath
the stage. They are now made of gal
vanized iron, and leakages are impos
This new method of producing the
illusion of a tire is not the only innova
tion made at the opera-house apropos
of the Magian, says a Paris writer.
The method of imitating thunder has
also been improved. In the third or
mountain act, we see a terrible storm,
the lightning flashes of which are as
vivid and blinding as those observed in
nature. They are produced in a very
simple way, and are due to the sudden
combustion, upon a highly heated
grille, of a mixture of three parts of
magnesium in powder and one part of
chlorate of potash (Fig. 2). It is a
similar process that is employed by
photographers for taking instantane
ous pictures at night. Combined with
the flames of lycopodium, these mag
nesian flashes produce surprising
effects of realism and far exceed any
thing that can be obtained in this direc
tion with the electric spark.
'rile Weather Bureau.
The signal service corps of the army
was relieved, on July l. according to
the provisions of an act of Congress, of
the duty of furnishing the public with
the Daily weather reports, and this
work was turned over to the Depart
ment of Agriculture. Gen. Greeley is
succeeded as chief of the Bureau by
I'rof. Mark VV. Harrington, professor
of astronomy in the University of
Michigan, at Ann Arbor, and editor
of the American Meteorological Jour
nal He is about 43 years old, and
lie has had considerable correspond
ence with the department about elima
tic matters in relation to agriculture,
having prepared a bulletin on the sub
ject, which is about to be published by
the forestry division of the department.
The intention of Congress in making
the change was that the work of the
weather bureau might be extended
beyond its present scope in
every way where such
enlargement could possibly be of bene
flt to our agricultural interests. Seere
• le i Jn l te l ,r '
enveniment iihik'i' 'V r 'V C ' t ate 9
government must go far beyond the
mere forecasting of the weather, and
be so extended as to include a thor
ough systematic investigation into the
climatic conditions of the various
tions of the country, in order that a
full knowledge of them and of their
effects upon plant growth should be
available for tne farmers.
Ouvertimviit Note Paper.
Anybody who wishes can go into the
big Crane & Co s factory at Dalton,
Mass., and see the workmen place the
blue silk on the machine that makes
paper for all the United States notes,
The silk comes in spools, and is made
by Belding, of Northampton. It is sold
m Bangor 1 here is no more se
cret about it than there is about the
toil SS? The rir ÎÏÎ2 "2
* ' 1 18
in the composition of the paper. The
silk thread idea is secured by patent,
to be sure, but the making of the pa
per, the compound of the ingredients,
is safe in the head of J. Murray Crane,
who received the art from his father,
' vl '° made l><>nds for Salmon r.
t,in«oin s secretary of the
treasury, »way back in war times,
, . pure linen pu p is >n *
; }'}« Icoki ng for .11 the world
j like any limn pa p i hen comes J.
Jw,l 1 r ™y Crane wit,, a gripsack. He
i " nd the ''grp enter the room togeth
® r ' and ir is presumed that he locks the
d( > or ' ,or tu« ,u *> locked o.i the in
sldo - and ' ie , «' ri P d «<-' s uot 8eem
a * , 't° , "• . .... ..
lded a ^ iait an b mr. When they
come out the pulp goes to the paper
m *®hine, and Mr. Crane and the grip
gju.home. but the pulp s changed by
that visit, and nobody lias been able
to penetrate the C rane secret,
com Puny gets about fifty times as
inuuh lor that paper as for other linen
paper made in the same mill.
KcUnllei for Writer'» Cramp.
Change all the conditions frequently,
the height of the chair or of the table,
the kind of paper, using sometimes the
smoother, sometimes the rougher sort,
Have everv description of pen and pen
holder at hand, and change them fre
quentlv. Don't try to write a handsome
huIld> ' f that ia something that a per
<« who has writer's cramp in perfection
Ca T°A d °' , B ° 8atlsli , eil 1 " lth
a " d tlua there need be no difficulty
about - The trouble seems to be a
nervous one, and very little things will
effect it. The change from paper that is
ruled to paper that is not, and vice versa,
will often give relief, and even a change
from black ink to blue lias been known
to be beneficial. Of course you must
liave quill pens in vour assortment, but
their exclusive use will not hein von A
has turned to the tv ne writer for relief
O« .• Li J e '
m* that is all that it affoids. The fingers
have got into t-lie cramp habit, and in
time the use of the typewriter wearies
and stiffens them. Nothing but an in
finite variety of appliances, constantly
changed, will afford the desired relief.—
"Causerie" in Boston Herald.
Dyeing with the Henna Plant.
The lady who is about to undergo the
,, ■ - , „ , , ...
dyeing process ts stretched out at full
length on her back, and is not allowed
lo stii The paste is ] ui t on the soles of
the feet, the toes included, about an inch
thick; the upper part of the feet is never
dyed. Soft leaves are then applied, as a
covering, and the whole is tightly
wrapped in linen.
The same process is gone through with
! the palm of the hand and the fingers. To
keep the application in place, the lady
must lie perfectly still all night, for no
Hvè er nndl S . f i, the b ?. d - V , D1U , st ^ iV t th !
dye and a spot on the back of the hand
or the finger joints would be a great dis
At this time she is dreadfully teased by
swarms of musquitoes and flies, but she
dare not move to drive them away. In
th" upper classes slaves watch all night
to keep away these pests with fans.
The same process must be repeated for
three nights to obtain the desired red
tint; but, once finished, it remains for a
month, and cannot be washed out.—"An
Arabian Princess ' '
. , , , .
When there were buffalo on the plains
the Manitoba grizzlies were great hunters
of them. When a grizzly and a buffalo
met there was always sure to be a con
test, but it seldom lasted long, and the
buffalo was usually the victim. The
buffalo would charge upon the bear,
which awaited the onset of his foe erect
on his haunches. As the buffalo dashed
upon him the bear threw himself aside,
and with a blow as quick as lightning
with one of his fore paws seldom failed
to break lus antagonist's neck. A grizzly
bear has been known to engage in quick
succession four and even fiva> big buffalo
bulls, and to kill every one of them. It
f _' n , j, .. .
frequently happened however that some
younger and mme active hull than Ins
companions succeeded in evading the fa
I tal blow of the grizzly s terrible tore paw
I long enough to give in turn a fatal thrust
Grizzly and Buffalo.
j with his horn in the bear's side, punctur
i ifg the vitals, and making of the contest
a mutual slaughter.—New York Sun.
"Educate a girl!" exclaimed a Mo
; amm t n r r J r ui " a missio r y
the Arabs, who was urging him
to P la , ce oa, ' of J 118 daughters in a girls'
school in Tripoli. "Educate a girl! \nu
ml 8 ht as well try to educate a cat!"
Several aristocratic Mohammedan gentle
I m cn of Beirut were induced a few years
' a g > to place tlieir daughters in one of
the Protestant schools there, and one of
them remarked : "Would you believe it?
I heard one of the girls read the other
day, and she actually asked a question
about the construction of a noun pre
ceded bv a preposition! I never heard
the like of it! The things do distinguish
and understand what tliev read after all !"
r a uni* ** u
T ,, , repjjed : Mashallah i Marii
a :i l The will of God be done, —St.
* jOU * s Republican,
Educating Arabian
The coolies work excellently. They
are picturesque additions to the land
scap-*, as they keep to the bright colors
and graceful drapery of India. The grave
dignity of their faces contrasts remark
ably w ith the broad, good humored, but
| common features of the African. The
black women look with envy at the
straight hair of Asia, and twist their un
happy wool into knots and ropes in
vain hone of beinc mistaken for the
purer race; but this is all. The African
and the Asiat ic will not mix, and the
African being the stronger, will and
! mu «ÏS ÄtoH eieewh«S in
the West Indies. Out of a total popula
tion of 170,000 there are 25,000 whites
and mulattoes, 10,000 coolies, the rest
The Coolie« of Trinidad.
! negroes. The English part of the Eu
ropeans shows no tendency to increase,
I —J- A. Froude.
Way» That Are Hark ami Trick* That
Arc Vail*—A Successful I'erhller Must
Have tlu»t
t'p Stair» ami Down.
igli Self 1'on lit le »ice.
. "Good peddlers, like successful men in the
higher walks of life, are born, not made,''
said tiie particular member of the fraternity
whom a reporter questioned on the subject.
He was loaded down with rugs, door mats,
feather dusters and other articles until he
looked like a perambulating house furnishing
store. Any or ull of the articles under which
he struggled he offered to sell on "time pay
ments of fifty cents a week," and when the
reporter gently but unhesitatingly declined
'he offer, the peddler looked so unutterably
disgusted that the rei«>rter offered him a
chair and some refreshments. Soon the two
j hasn't it in him.
1 1>cddler I s generally good for nothing else on
I earth. Let him try to stop peddling for any
other business and the chances are ten to one.
j that he 11 make a fizzle ot it.
| "Now, I am a born peddler, and at peddling
I have at last made a success, where in all
things that I tried before I failed. I went to
j sch ° o1 uutil 1 was 18 . *nd since then—that's
; lw * ,lve years ago—I have been successively a
I lawyer's clerk, bookkeeper in an importing
i « *
de h very wagon, ear driver, elevated railroad
guard, waiter and peddler. It's four years
j 8 i 1K , e j found my true vocation, and I've done
were engaged in a conversation which
brought forth the observation made above.
"No," he continued, "a peddler is naturally
. good peddler, and no amount of training
or trying will make a good one of a man who
On the other hand, a good
pretty well."
"Does a good peddler make much money?"
the reporter asked guardedly.
"Well, that depends. Now, I average £30
a week. Borne, a few, make more, but the
majority make less. Anybody that's a good
peddler, though, should bo able to make $35
a week without au T trouble and be able to go
on ^nday for a go.xi time."
"W hat characteristics must a good peddler
possess? »
"Oh, a great many. Self confidence, or
'cheek,'os it is called, is the most essential,
Without it no peddler ever peddled with
success. But too much of it is even more
fatal for his prosperity, for in addition to
I failure he often gets a broken head. No, he
[ must have self-confidence, but not too much
—just enough, you know. Then he must bo
a character reader—know just to whom he can
B; ' u and whom not, who will stand a stiff
1*"" and who must be offered the goods at
' ""To be a good peddler you must also have
ft fl t * entle ' disposition. You must al
low nothing to deter you when you see a per
sou P) w | lom y OU f ee i y 0U can ggii. No mat
i tor what ho or she says, you must persevere,
This is where the fix-mness comes in. The
gentleness is necessary, so that you may, un
der no circumstances, lose your temper. It
doesn't pay. If the door is slammed in your
face, swearing will only make matters worse,
The people next door will only laugh at you.
No, you must preserve a dignified silence
nnd smile indulgently as you turn away.
Then you can sell to the neighbor. Her sym
pathy will be aroused, and by patroniziug
! you she thinks she can administer a rebuke
, to the unmannerly woman next door and
. gpnie by comparison,
,, Ig hard workr
"Trudging up stairsand down with this as
sortment of goods isn't as much fun as play
ing poker, but there is more money in it for
the average person; and, besides, it's no
harder than many other things—selling dry
goods, for instance. I can pick my custom
ers in this business, but when I was a counter
jumper 1 was entirely at the mercy of any
w °™* n ' vt '" happen'd "
; M hat becomes of all the peddlers.
That question has often puzzled me. There
i art ' ^ things I never saw m my life-a
dead . " aleand a dead P f!ddler ; ^° me m c"
1 think that when mules anil peddlers die Old
Ni( . k carries 'em off bodily as choice bits of
j "Are all peddlers full of ways that lead to
(jm Nick?"
This was rather a leading question, but the
peddler met it unblushingly.
"Well, generally," he replied, nonchalantly.
"Some save their money, but very few. I
generally turn up with a big head and empty
pockets on Monday morning."
"Then how do you manage to buy your
goods? On time?"
"We don't buy our goods. We get them
from houses around town that are only too
walling to let us have them to sell on commis
sion. When a new hand starts in he has to
deposit the value of the goods he takes out,
but after awhile, when he gets better ac
quainted, he can get all the goods he wants
to take out.
"I must go now. I just saw the red headed
woman who lives across the street return. I
knew she was out, and I've been waiting for
her all this time. I can always sell to a red
headed woman. I don't know why, but I
can. A red headed man, though, is a useless
being as far as peddlers are concerned."
With this parting shot (the reporter's hair
takes on a russet tinge at sunset) the ungrate
ful vender of rugs took his departure.—New
York Press.
Paddy Shea, "heavy-weight champion
of Kansas," claims to have backing
against Ed Kmitn, Jake Kilrain or
George Godfrey for »1,000 to »2,500 a
slde -
George Siddons, Chicago's feather
weight, wants to get on a match with
anyone of his weight at the Olympic
club, New Orleans,
A forfeit of »250 has been posted in
Youngstown, Ohio, in behalf of Jack
Bates' challenge to Mike Dugan of
Newcastle, Pa.
J. E. Roddy, the Manhattan athlete,
who broke down while in England, has
I**»» «» «I»« MI Ua«,
I Bob Ferguson. Chicago stock yards
giant, and Pat Killen are reported
matched for a finish go next Octobi r
The Prize lllnz.
Editor Charles A. Dana is 70 years old,
yet no man walks up Broadway with a jaun
tier air than bei.
Tell mo what shall we do, baby bye.
You and I?
On some bright sunny day
Let us sail far away.
Far away to the sky, blue and high.
Tell me what we will see, baby bye,
You and I?
All around we will go
On a pretty rainbow-.
Far away in the sky, blue and high.
We will hide in the clouds, baby bye,
You and I,
We will laugh at the sun,
And away he will run.
Till his face disappears from the sky.
O ! the man in the moon, baby bye.
You and I,
W? will worry and tease
Till we get him to sneeze
Just to look at the crick in his eye.
We will say, "Mr. Moon," baby bye.
You and I,
"Is it true, if you please.
You are made of green cheese?
Do they nibble you up in the sky?"
With the dear little stars, baby bye,
You mid I,
As (hey twinkle and peek.
We r. iil play hide-and-seek
Till we chase them all out of the sky.
I stance in proof of Luna's effects upon
j mundane affairs. He says that in Penn
; sylvania, before he left that state, two
men put new roofs upon tlmir houses.
On. 1,0,,*. » m*.l while ,1» moon
was new, and the other while it was
; ,i„ rt fll n
Belief In the Moon's Influence.
Men are not superstitious nowadays.
Oh, no ' but some of them kill their hogs
only in the light of the moon, and plant
their potatoes when it is full. One of
our citizens relates a remarkable in
Before he came
; away the roof of the former house had
I drawn up till a full story had to be put
: underneath, while the roof of the latter
j nailed shoe for wet weather, there is
little leather used—the materials being
1 principally calico, silk, satin, velvet and
felt. Children's summer shoes are made
of fine open rush work, with bright Un
ling. Ladies'shoes are made and mended
j bv their wearers. From childhood the
^irls of the upper classes have their feet
j tightlv bound, and they are thus, at the
| c £ t o{ years of suffering, enabled to
; ",«' r 8,,oes . about thr ™ '<™g. The
| Ch "' ese cobbler goes from house to house,
a . ,ld announces lus presence with a pecu
i dar rattle.—Philadelphia Times.
* are prepared for shipment by being put
into casks and packed into a solid mass
by being trodden by the feet of the na
tives.—New York Sun.
Duration of infection stages,
The duration of the infection stages of
various diseases is thus giv°n by Dr. T.
F. Pearse, an English physician. Measles
from the second day of'the disease, for
three weeks; smallpox from the first dav
fo ' lr w . e k' "cmdet fever from ho
fourth dav fo seven weeks nTimns
murm uay, xur se\cn weias, mumps
from the second day, for three weeks;
j diphtheria from the first day, for three
weeks. The incubation periods, or in
tervals occurring between exposure to
j infection and the first symptoms, are as
i follows; Whooping cough, fourteen
| davs; mumps, eighteen davs; measles,
; ten days; smallpox, twelve days; scarlet
fever , three days; diphtheria, fourteen
davs.-Herald of Health.
had pressed the building down till the
lower story was under ground !—Ameri
can Magazine.
Chinese shoes and Shoemaking.
Shoemaking, shoe mending and shoe
selling are distinct branches of business
in China. Chinese shoes
exhibit grpat,'
Except in the hoff
variety of shape.
Something About "Zante Currants .' 9
The word currant is said to be a cor
ruption of Corinth, a city from which
once came all the Greek currants. The
currants, commonly called zante, are
, really raisins, produced from a grape that
i grows no larger than peas, like the
I American wild or fox grapes, and lianas
in bundles only three inches long. These
grapes are dried in the sun, and then
stored in bulk, where the sugar that
exudes from them makes them
! masses so compact that tliev have to IlfT
dug apart by force when wanted. They
Made Her Feel at Home.
A lady from Nebraska was the guest of
a Pittsburg family. As the thermometer
only touched zero once during the winter
the fair stranger would have been home
sick but for the thoughtfulness of her
host. By an ingenious arrangement a
powerful fan drove snow dust in lier face
every time she opened the front door. The*»
snow was banked against the windows of '
her room and her meals let down the
chimney with a string. Another device
imitated the roar of a blizzard, and so
■ soothed her to gentle slumber—wherein
1 she dreamed of her native state. These
little attentions deeply touched the fair
guest.—Pittsburg Bulletin.
Florida's Opium industry.
Florida promises to become a large
producer of opium. The poppy grows
there very readily, and larger than any
where else in the United States. Sixteen
p i ants will produce an ounce of opium,
and an acre should give a profit of $1,
000. __ . .. ...
trees, the land'on which are voung and
non -bearing orange orchards can be util- '
ized while the trees are reaching matur
New York Sun
Comumptinn of Tobacco.
M. Paul Leroy-Beaulieu gives figures
showing the quantity of tobacco con
sumed in the different countries of
Europe. The rate per 100 inhabitants is,
according to him, as follows: Spain, 110
pounds; Italy, 128 pounds; Great Brit
ain, 138 pounds; Russia, 182 pounds;
Denmark, 224 pounds; Norway, 229
pounds; Austria, 273 pounds.— ChicagoY
News. w

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