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w Y ! » & KOOTENAI, IDAHO. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1891 VOL. 1. NO. l<>. THE KOOTENAI HERALD Issued Every Saturday By S. D, TAYLOR, Proprietor. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. $3 00 2 (X) One year. Six months. ... Three months. Singles copies. 1 (K) IN No paper will be sent to any address unless laid for in advance. ADVERTISING RATES PER MONTH. $1.50 pays for 1-Inch space. $2,50 pays for 2 inch space. $4.50 pays for ;l inch space. $5.00 pays for one fourth of a column. $8.00 pays for one-half of a column. $12.50 pays for one column. $5.00 pays for one-eightli of a doable column. $8.00 pays for one quarter of a double on $12.50 pays for one-half of a double column. $20 .00 pays for one double column. itimn Local reading notices, 10 to 25 cents Tier line each insertion, according to the nature of the advertisement. CORRESPONDENCE .■*r iUcited from all parts of the Panhandle. All communications should be accompanied by the writer's name, not necessarily for publication, bat as a guarantee ef reliability. PETER 3L.TT3STD, —WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF— Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Goods delivered at Croesport, Galena Landing and all points on the Lower Kootenai river. 3 W" Branch House at Crossport. "3HI THEN. P. HOTEL •V A. KAISER, Proprietor. Give us a call. Charges reasonable. The N. I\ is conveniently located one block north of the depot, on Kootenai avenue. The taiile is supplied with everything the market affords, the kitchen being under the immediate supervision of Madam Kaiser, a caterer of large experience. ___ OPEN DAY AND NICHT. The Headquarters Saloon. A. RICKERT, Proprietor, -CARRIES THE BEST Wines, Liquors and Cigars. * Pabst's celebrated Milwaukee Beer always on draught. Try our famous Cuban Blossom Cigars. DRUG STORE. H. W. CATES & COMPANY, *» -DEALERS IN ®<IDRUGS. PATENT MEDICINES,!» Stationery, Perfumery, Toilet Articles, Etc. A full line of Paints and Oils. Fine Cigars a specialty. Dr. T A. Bishop's Office at the Store. COB. MAIN AND BONNEU STKE8TS, BONNER'S FERRY. IDAHO. i É THE OLD RELIABLE. » » .. THE -:- MINER'S -:- SALOON. The Favorite Resort ot the Town. —ALWAYS ON HAND A CHOICE STOCK OF— WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. Open always. Give us a call. y * JAMES E, DOLAN 1 Attorney at Law, KOOTENAI, IDAHO. Collections promptly attended to. C. L HEITMAN » ATTORNEY AT LAW, RATHDRUM, IDAHO. Special attention given to mining busineea. H. D. HOEYE'S RARRl R aH()P GO UrllVUI—IV • VJIIVJI • k All Kinds of Work Done in an Artistic Manner. When you want anything in the barberlug Hue, give me a call. Shop in Headquarter* Saloon. PACIFIC COAST. in in in is of of Oregon Naval Reserve Incorporated. WASHINGTON IRON INDUSTRY Deady Decides in Favor of a Chinese Merchant's Wife Without a Certifieate—Etc. The pine-nut crop is shortr in Nevada. The iron industry in Washington gives great promise. A copper-smelting furnace at San Di ego is being diseased. The Oregon naval reserve hhs been in corporated at Portland. / Riverside is talking of a co operative kitchen on the Bellamy plan. Nevada people want the Governor to call an irrigation convention at Reno. Ogden's street-car system has been changed from steam motor iofelectricity. J. de Barth Shorb is to represent Los Angeles county in the California Board of Trade. All the railroad washouts'in New Mex ico have been repaired, and (Mains are moving regularly. Two hundred Tucson ladies have signed a petition asking the Constitutional Con vention not to discriminatengainst wom en's civil rights in the constitution. The work of construction'on the Santa Fe, Prescott and Phoenix railroad, which will connect Phoenix, A. T., and the Salt River Valley with the Saufe Fe system, has begun. The grand jury at Reno 5s unable to find the slightest evidence upon which to indict any one for the liftnging of the ruffian Ortig by vigilante* and asks be discharged. > Los Angeles complains tjjat the Chino beet-sugar factory lias not made sugar cheaper there, owing to fhe fact that only three firms handle tfe sugar and no one else can get it in eaiload lots. Mrs Maillard, who - .-ed^irom her home near San Rafael, Cal., several weeks ago, was found at Fortuna, Cal , where she has been living with W. H. Ingram, a hired man formerly employed by her husband. Bradstreet's mercantile agency reports twenty-seven failure^ in the Pacific Coast States and Territories for*the past week, as compared with twenty-five for the previous week and ten for the corre sponding week of 18!ft). The San Diego Sun eavs : They are having daily showers of rain at San Ja cinto, which come from the evaporation of the Salton Lake. Their origin and drift have been watched from the sum mit of San Jacinto Peak, and there is no further room for doubt as to the effect the lake is having upon the rainfall. The Itata's officers testify that the ves sel when she came to San Diego had no sailors, soldiers or arms on board. The vessel changed captains three times be fore leavin&Chili, and four breech-load ers that she carried were put off at Arigo. The arms were taken on board at San Clemente. A bill has been filed in equity in the United States Court at Los Angeles against the Southern Pacific railroad and 218 other defendants to quiet title and forfeit to the government 850,000 acres of land in Los Angeles, San Bernardino and Ventura counties, Cal. The land is overlapping grants to the Atlantic and Pacific Company of 1886 and 1871. The Iowa Hill hydraulic miners have asked for a removal or modification of the injunctions which will permit them to clean up the bedrock. The miners are operating in gravel which is not washed into the river. The Sacramento Super visors will take the matter under consid eration of permitting the miners to work the lower gravel beds. It is reported on what Seems to be good authority that a large plant for the man ufacture of tin plate will soon be located in San Francisco by a wealthy manufact urer, a resident of that city. It is ex pected that 1,000 hands will he at work manufacturing tin plate before the end of the year. The material will come from Australia, San Bernardino and the Black Hills. Archbishop Gross has called a provin cial council of the prelates of the Cath olic Church to meet in Portland October 18. The prelates who wdl attend are Bishop Junger of Washington, Bishop Glorieux of Idaho, Bishop Brondel of Montana and Bishop Leinens of Van couver Island. The object is to take ac tiomlooking to the unification of Catho licity in the Northwest. The new' building of the Concordia Club, the leading Hebrew institution of San Francisco, was thrown open for in spection the other night, and was visited by fully 3,( 00 people, who were hospita bly entertained in the luxurious quar ters. The building has Iieen erected and furnished at a cost of about $500,000, and is beyond doubt the handsomest and most elegantly equipped house in San Francisco. in EDUCATIONAL. Sweden Stands Behind No Country In Popular Education. Of 361 towns and cities in Massachu setts 248 have free public libraries. The average salaries of the mistresses in the Ixmdon board schools is $050. It costs the teachers of Kansas $200, 000 a year to attend the Normal Insti tutes. There are 230 Normal Schools, with an attendance of 50,000 students, in the United States. Philadelphia turns out more medical students in a year than any other city in the country. President Warfield of Lafayette Col lege, Pa., is taking vigorous measures to stamp out hazing. Pittsburg is trying industrial courses in the public schools, and their success is reported to be marked. Albert G. Lane has been chosen Su perintendent of the public schools of Chicago, vice Howland resigned. The Kansas University is a good deal set up because a Harvard graduate is sending his son to Lawrence this year. The number of students registered this year in Sibley College of Mechan ical Engineering, Cornell University, is something like 450, including a consid erable number of graduates from other colleges. Superintendent Anderson of the Mil waukee public schools is talking about getting up a procession of children of school age who are denied an education from the lack of school room in that city. They number about 2,000. It is said that Miss Mary E. Holmes of Rockford, 111., proposes to invest from $75,000 to $100,000 in establishing in Missouri a colored women's literary and industrial school to accommodate 150 pupils as a memorial to her mother. According to an educational journal the number of illiterate persons in Rus sia, Siberia, Roumania and Bulgaria form 80 per cent, of the population, in Spain 03, Italy 48, Hungary 43, Austria 39, Ireland 21, France and Belgium 15, Holland 10, United States 8, Scotland 7, Switzerland 2V> and in the greater part of Germany only 1 per cent. Sweden stands behind no country— not even the United States—in popular education. To this may perhaps I« due the superiority of the Swedish emigrant to this country over emigrants from other European countries. The number of school children per l'OOO inhabitants is 140. Technical instruction, especially of woman, is a great feature. The diffi culties in the way of school attendance are very great, not only because of the severe Northern winters, but also because the people live to a large extent on iso lated farms. Prof. Michaelson has just returned to Boston from California, where he has spent a large portion of the summer, lie has been working at Lick Observa tory, experimenting there with his recent invention—the refractometer. This lie attached to the smaller of the telescopes at the observatory, and during the sum mer he made numerous measurements of the bodies of the solar system, partic ularly of the satellites of Jupiter. The results of this work were highly satisfac tory, and the mean of the measurements made varies from the maximum and minimum measurements by but 1 or 2 per cent.—a variation many times less than is obtainable by other methods. The refractometer will be used by the staff' at Lick Observatory during the com ing year, and in that time Prof. Michael son hopes to perfect his invention still further. The refractometer bids fair to he an instrument of great importance in future astronomical work. THE NATIONAL CAPITAL. Secretary l*roctor Has Approved the New Tactic« for the Army. Secretary Proctor lias finally approved the new tactics for the army, and they will lie put in practice as soon as the necessary arrangements can be made. The President lias passed upon the record of the court-martial in the case of Colonel Compton of the Fourth Cavalry, who was charged with failure while in command of the military poBt at Walla Walla to take steps to prevent the lynch ing of a man named Hunt under arrest for killing one of the soldiers under him. The court found him guilty, and sen tenced him to suspension from rank and command for three years on half pay and to be confined in the limits of a mil tary post. The President approved the proceedings of the court, but mitigated the sentence to suspension from rank and command on half pay for two years. The Director of the Mint, with the approval of the Secretary of theTreasury, has issued instructions to the superin tendents of the assay office in New York that in cases of deposits of foreign gold or bars such an approximation of value as in the discretion of the superintendent may be regarded as safe, not to exceed 90 per cent, of the value, will be paid pending the melt and assay. The pur pose of this regulation is to encourage, so far as can be legally done, the govern ment importation of foreign gold into the United States by allowing the im porters spot cash for "foreign gold so soon as received instead of requiring them to wait while the denosits are being melted and the exact gold determined. EASTERN ITEMS. The Coal Product of the United States. GEORGIA TO TAX BACHELORS Arrangements Complete for the Poly technic Excursion to the World's Fair. % The Twin City (Minneapolis) Athletic Club has assigned. It is said Canada intends to reimpose an export duty on logs. k Ohio this year produces the largest to bacco crop in her history. A cooking school is a part of the pubs, lic-school system of Milwaukee. « • The validity of the convict lease sys tem in Tennessee is to be dec.ded bv the courts. * ** Turkey's flag has been the first to be unfurled on the Chicago World's Fair grounds. < The waters of Lake Erie are to be piped to Cincinnati, taking in many other cities en route. Most of the fires in Wisconbln were confined to districts burned over last • spring. The rains have eheeked them. A factory is to oe built at Minneapolis by parties who claim to be able to tem per copper so that it can be made hard as steel. * The Millionaires' Club of New York will erect a $750,000 house. The prophet, site is on the corner of Fifth avenue and Sixtieth street. The people in Emmons county, N. D. wlio lost their property by prairie fires are said to be in a deplorable condition, without food or shelter. Since the passage of the American copyright law it is said that one New York song publisher has paid $6,000 in London for manuscripts. France, it is believed, will next month rescind the p<?i^prohibition laws. Italy promises to rescind lier prohibitory reg ulations after Franco acts. It is stated that the government has realized $6,000,000 from the sale of lands in that part of Kansas which is beyond the line of certain rainfall. 4 » In the Red River Valley, N. D., farm labor is very scarce, and the railroads to that section carry men free to various points where they are needed. ' ^ The large yield and high price of wheat will, it is estimated and expected, make this season's Dakota crop equal in value to those of the five preceding years. A railroad surveying party that went up the Big Horn Canyon "in Colorado nearly two months ago lias not been lieard from, and there are fears that the members have been lost. Vessel agents and mariners on the Great Lakes are urging the establish ment of a branch hydrographic office on A time interests centered there. The Sovereign Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F., has voted down the proposition that members could become eligible to the degree of Patriarchs Militant without going through the encampment. Georgia is going to tax bachelors. A bill for that purpose has been brought into the Georgia Legislature, and the House Committee on Hygiene and Sani tation has reported it favorably. An extra session of the Pennsylvania Legislature has been called with a view to remove the Auditor-General and State Treasurer, whose connection with the financial scandais has been charged openly. The Sovereign Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows lias voted against the eighteen year limit to eligibility to join the order. The vote was 107 to 58. The question regarding liquor sellers was postponed until next year. In a drunken fight on a train from Mount Vernon to Carini, 111., William Robertson stabbed Sheriff Williams slightly, and a man named Stanley, who went to Williams' assistance, was badly cut and will die. The conductors, switchmen and brake men on the Southern Pacific Atlantic system have demanded an increase in wages, and a strike at an early day is possible, as the company refuses" to "ac cede to the demands. Florida's Secretary of State, Mr. Craw ford, refuses to attest the commission of ex-Congressman Davidson, appointed by ex-Governor Fleming to succeed Senator Call. Mandamus proceedings will be taken by the Governor. A committee of physicians at Louis ville is examining tliecaseof Mrs. Stuck enburg, who, it has been widely pub lished, on Fridays goes into a trance, when the stigmata or bleeding wounds similar to those of the Savior when on the cross are said to appear.