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IN A FORBIDDEN BAND
TIBET IS DESPOTICALLY RULED BY ITS PRIESTS. Grand Lamas Who Practically Own All the Property in the Country—A Queer Code cf Penances—Praying; by Mechanism. For centuries Tibet has been almost a sealed bock to the rest of the world, and the result of the expedition under Col. Youngbusband, which the British have sent Into the region, will be watched with Interest, The high priests, or lamas, of Tibet have ever denounced the foreigner as an Incar nated devil, and they preach that so long as Tibet remains Isolated from the rest of the universe, so long shall she be great. A few missionaries and ex plorers have wandered across the cor ners of this great tableland, clambered up some of Its snow-clad mountains, and visited a few of Its stone cities; yet the greater part of Its 650,(XX) : 7 4 * 1 ..mm ■t Life WMel -(Wpsi A MOD XT ED I. AM A. «quare miles, au area equal to Ger many, France and Italy combined, Is «till unknown to the outside world. On the maps of the world there Is no oth er such white patch as this In the cen ter of Asia. From the account of travelers Tibet would seem to be a land where religion Is supreme. The people obey their priests with almost slavish obedience, and accept the most marvelous teach ings with utter credulity. The lamas possess most of the wealth of the coun try, and consequently they have rea son to fear the foreigner and the in trusion of the explorer. Colonel Younglmsband's punitive ex pedition Into Tibet was undertaken in retaliation for the grand lama's curt — I ■ ' % Vl-v" ■ ■. . ■ •.•••.■• , n-; m L>1 GRAND LAMA'S PALACE— LASSA. refusal to treat with the mission srnt by the British to discuss the Tibetans' non-observance of trade treaties. It may mean the complete unveiling of the mysteries that enshroud this Asia tic country which has so resolutely pursued a policy of shutting Its d ors to foreigners, and has since the expul sion of the Jesuit missionaries early in the nineteenth century been visited by but a scant handful of daring ex plorers. Of thes > but four or five suc ceeded In penetrating to the capital, the sacred city of Lassa, where the grant lama dreams his life away in his nine-story paiace. The hostility of the natives Is by no means the only thing that prevents ex plorers from pénétrât ng far into Tibet The country, a tableland of 15,(XX) to 20,(XX) feet above sea Lvi 1, wild, moun tainous and devoid of roads, is by na ture fully as Inhospitable as Siberia. Outside of the monasteries, or lamas eries, as they are called, there are no . houses, mud hovels serving to accom modate the natives. This, however, does not apply to Lassa itself, which, as the few photographs obtained show. Is a well laid out city, picturesquely lo cated on tlie southern slope of a moun tain. with the palace of tho grand lama towering above the other buildings. The grand lama, or, rather, the dalal lama—for there are two grand lamas— Is not only the chief personage In Tibet, but Is acknowledged as the bead of the Bm'.diilst church throughout Tibet, Mongolia and China. From the little that lias been written about him It ap that, as a rule, the dalal lama, pears who Is elected when a child, dies young, and It has been hinted that the length of his days depends upon the «mount of trouble he gives the gytdpo, the temporal ruler of Lassa. The lamas dominate the country. Their Influeoiqe can be easily undta' Btood when If *ls said that fully sixth of the population are numbered In their order. The lamaseries dot the mountain sides like fortresses, and the people w.URaglj labor to support their one 1 spiritual guides, who do not lose an opportunity to terrorize them. One thing that contributes to keep these priests In power Is the fact that the people believe them to possess god like powers, and wond<>rful are the tales travelers tell of remarkable exhi bitions going to support this belief. Human sacrifices are also said to be a component part of the religion of the country, which is described as being but a veneer of Buddhism over a body of savage and uncouth suporstlt on. As may be imagined, the spiritual, aes thetic and moral sides of the people of Tibet are in a very primitive condition. In the country districts the principal occupations are agriculture and cattle raising. Labor of all sorts Is very cheap in Tibet, the men being paid but 2 or 3 cents a day, while the women generally receive but their board and lodging. Where the country is not a barren waste the principal products are wheat, barley, peas and beans, the live stock raised including horses, tissas, mules, cattle, sheep and yaks. As In everything else, primitive methods pre vail, and prosperity Is constantly ab sent. The population, which has at times been estimated at over 30,000,000, whereas a tenth of that figure would probably be nearer the mark, is rap idly on the decrease on account of the prevalence of disease, the chief 111 be ing smallpox. Dirt abounds every where, as explorers soon discover to their great disgust. The reason for this state of affairs is not hard to seek, since dirt is considered sacred, and washing Is religiously tabooed. Religion amounts to a passion with lamas and laymen alike, but It Is in many ways a religi n of but formal ob servance. Prayers are regarded as of great potency, and the lamas have de vised an ingenious method of saying a great many prayers in a short space of time. A small, hollow cylinder is fixed on an axle, one end of which extends beyond the cylinder to serve for a handle. In this "praying wheel," as It is called, are deposited small slips of paper on avhich have been wrliten prayers composed by the lamas. The wheel is then revolved rapidly, the the ory being that the devotees will thus attain the felicity of Nirvana without having to pass through many interme diate stages of reincarnation. Th? prayer wheels, it might be remarked, also serve to wreak vengeance on an enemy, the person injured stealing his enemy's prayer wheel and revolving 1 In the wrong direction In the bell f that this will certainly assure an un happy hereafter for the luckless er. This alone ts sufficient to convince the observer of the state of spiritual degradation into which the people plunged. Tibet as at present constituted clearly no place for white men, nor cai. it be said to offer many advan.ages miller a high s ate of civilization, addition to its topographical .shortcom ings, of which mention has been made, climate plays no small par. in making it« undesirable fur of settlement, tober and months which can be considered "dry," rain or snow contributing to render the remaining months unj leasant. Accord ing to Zoubfkov, the average annual temperature Is 42 degrees for morning, 07 for noon and 50 for night, a varia bility float, to say the least, cannot be conducive to comfort. A not unnatural result of the condi tions which have so effectually barred communication between Tibet and the outside world is the maintenance of very small army. It Is said that there are not more than 4,000 soldiers In all the dalal lama's domains, and these very poorly equipped and disciplined. As a consequence robbery and outrage are prevalent throughout Tib t. The lamas. It should be said, control the administration of Justice as well ns the dispensation of religious Instruction, and the courts are more remarkable for their superstition than for (heir law. Crude and barbaric methods prevail of a nature that would disgrace even the Middle Ages. Drowning, torture and flogging are common penalties for slight offenses. own art If 1 1 alread purposes August, September, Oc November are the only a are Not Quite as Had as Reported Madge—They say your mother takes in washing? Marge—No such thing; she hasn't come to that yet She only goes out washing.—Boston Transcript THIRTY-SEVEN PEOPLE KILLED AND HUNDREDS INJURED. Town of Motuidville Sufferered Most Every Biiaineto« House Destroyed Swept a Clean a I'alh a Quarter of a Mile Wide People Hurled Hundreds of Feet—Town of Hull Also Hit. Tuscaloosa, Ala., Jan 24.—A disas tertrous tornado swept over Mouud ville, Ala., a town of 800 inhabitants, 16 miles south of Tuscaloosa, early in the day and as a result 37 persons were killed and more than 100 injured. Every business house with the excep tion of a small store was destroyed. The tornado struck the city from the southeast and mowed a path a quarter of a mile through the to vn. Surgeons were rushed to Mouudville from Greensboro and Tuscaloosa and all possible was done to alleviate the sufferings of the injured By the fo^cw of the Rtn-m nelsons were bio -vn hundreds of feet from their beds in the blackness ot lue night. Through ter ror, a father, mother and three chil dren fled from ther homes to seek ref uge and in their excitement left a five year old boy in bed. Today he was pulled from beneath some timbers and thus far it is impossible to find anv other member of the family. Bed ding, carpets and wearing apparel are scattered over a distance of 10 miles through what was a forrest, but which is now clear as if cut by the wood man's axe. Freight cars were torn to splinters, the trucks from them being hurled hundreds of feet from the track. The depot, the hotel, warehouses, gins, 30 homes, seven storehouses, to gether with their stocks, were com pletely destroyed. Where they stood it is impossible to find even tho pillars upon which they rested. Bales of cotton which were stored in warehouses were torn to atoms, the fragments of lint lodging in trees, making it appear as though that sec tion had been visited by a snow stem. Heavv Iron safes, the doos of which in some cases were torn from their hinges, were carried away by the force of the wind. The town of Hull, for miles north of Mouudvlls, suffered from the tor nado. The Bates Lumber company's planing department was completely wrecked and the nergo fireman crushed. Four residences and one church were destroyed. THE OHIO RIVERS ON RAMPAGE Property Loss Will Reach Hundreds of Thousands of Dollars. Lorain, Ohio, Jan. 24. —The loss to property in the Hood district in this city is placed at fully |500,000, with the probability of the amount being above rather than below that sum. Piqua, Ohio, Jan. 24—The Maimi river rose three and one ha*f feet dur ing the night and tha* section of the ctiv pnown as Roseville is completely inundated. Hundreds of families have been driven from their homes. Zanesville, Ohi, Jan.24.—The Lick ing and Muskingum rivers are rising rapidly. Roseville and Crooksville. in the southern part of the country 1 are partially submerged. A mist rone Hune. Baker City, Ore., Jan. 23.—Pleasart Armstrong, who murdered Minnie Ensminger near Haines,in this county, on Christmas evening, 1902, was exe cuted in the jail yard here. The trap was sprang at 6:68 o'clock in the morning and the doctors pronounced him dead in nine minâtes after the drop. His neck was broken by the rail. The execution was perfect as to Armstrong was brave and maintained his iron nerve until the last. He made an address to the crowd. detail. Trade Report. New York.— R. G. Dun & Co.'s Week ly Review of Trade says: Weather conditions have furnished the chief influence In the trade situa tion. Wholesale trade is fairly active, traveling salesmen sending in about average orders, and jobbing trade is normal. more active, witn little change in quo tations, and the outlook for spring trade is considered favorable. Collec tions are somewhat more prompt. Leading staples have risen to new maximum prices for the crop year. Iron and steel plants that resumed at the turn of the year have obtained sufficient business to continue operat ing. and thus far the adjustment of wages has not produced the threaten ed strike. Increased activity and strength is reported in the domestic hide market Failures numbered 358 in the Unit ed States, against 265 last year, and 33 in Canada, compared with 27 a year ago. Manufacturing plants are Glass houses of a very substantial kind can now be builL Silesian glass nakers are turning out glass bricks for all sorts of uuilding purposes. er the' f C0JTÛ38 KBS. CH. gf.esh:m Was Given Up Pe=m=na Saved Her Life. It Was Catarrh of tho Lungs, so Common in the Winter Months. TiiTT • - m A . ■ 'iry V/ * . rM.y: f ^ $3 -J y lyi ✓ * ■r V >• \ n mi Jiv t ih 7 IF « j t ■ SR v • fi ■ V • ; V » i i M II I mm sa» m I I ; \ I M mm \ / m k n ^ A / m V ms.JEmmmcoLL X. Miss Jennie Driscoll, 870 Put nam Ave.,Brooklyn, N.Y., writes; "If peopla knew how efficient Peruna was in the cure of tarrh, they would not hesitate to try it. I have all the faith in the world in it, as it cured me, and I have never kn>.vn of when the person was not cured in a short time."—Jennie Dris coll. ca jtËÊiS. a case mS.COLEMRESHAM i Mrs. Col. E. J. Gresham, Treasurer Daughters of the Confederacy and Presi dent Hemden Village Improvement Society, writes tho following letter from Hernden, Fairfax Co., Va. : > ■ The Peruna Medicine Co., Columbus, Ohio: Hernden, Va. Gentlemen—"I cannot speak too highly of the value of Peru ta. i bolieve that I owe my life to its wonderful merits. I suffered with ca;arrh of the head and lungs in its worst form, until the doctors fairly gave me up, and I despaired of over gett'ng well again. "I noticed your advertisement and the splendid testimonials given by the people who had been cured by Peruna and determined to try a bottle. I felt but little better, but used a second and third battle and kept on improving slowly. "It took six bottles to cure me, but they were worth a king's ransom to me. I talk Peruna to all my friends and am a true bctiever in its worth."_ Mrs. Col. E. J. Gresham. A PLAIN TALK On a Plain Subject in Plain Lan guage. The coming winter will cause at least one-half of the women to have catarrh, colds, coughs, pneumonia or consump tion. Thousands of women will lose their lives and tens of thousands will acquire some chronic ail ment from which they will never recover. Unless you take the neces sary precautions, the chances are that you (who read this) will be one of the unfortu KEEP PERUNA IN THE HOUSE A man in Tonopah, Nev., has built a house of beer bottles because lum ber was too expensive, and It took 10, 000 bottles to build the house. The man may be said to be living in the at mosphere of the past. HOW'S THIS? We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for ny case of Catarrh that can not be cured by tail's Catarrh Cure. F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Props., Toledo, O. We. the undersigned, have known F. J ' heney for the past 15 years, and believe Mir -rfertiy honorable in all business transactions id financially able to carry out any obligations •nade by their firm. WEST ft TRUAX, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. WALD 1 NG KINNAN & MARVIN, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo. O Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, aci ing directly on the blood and mucous surfaces' of the system. Price 75c per bottle. Sold hi all druggists. Testimonials free. Hall's Family Pills are the best. Don't think a girl always comes from an old family because she looks It. »• !••• % The Improved Alvord Sage Brush Orubber Land Cleaner and ,i will i-emove sage brush, labbit : bnuh, ohioo greased wood, sui t 1 j will wa, etc. It also level« 'he ground, leaving the soil in per a feel conditio" tor planting livil R positively do the work in bette manner than vs men with grub binghnes, It take«out all brush by the roots, lexvingthe same In piles at regular intervals. Teeth ere automatically cleaned. N • c ogging Will work on ftony land Onr booklet, describing the machine . < e.aii, its a 1 - mages, cost, shipping weight, etc., sent iree to any address upon application. THE BUTTON MFG. CO., 162a Arapahoe St.. DEnVHW, COLORADO. | • • . srv m giape •' rag«*»- - "to f«ni| - - •Ï £ a P&USSiAM STOCK FOOD, the Greatest Conditioner and Stock Fattener known. HOUSES do more work on less Iced. COWS give more and richer milk HOGS grow and fatten quicker If given this food. MAKES PIGS GROW. GOOD FOR STUNTED CALVES. lbs«» t>»»n fwdlng I'russlso Slock Ko«*l to mr Ihnroughbr«! »wins ,t gl«M them on sppetll» sod make» the plgegrow 1 slao tried II on etuatod rsl.ee with isUstse tory reeulte. Y w o Hon Mt £güi. " ' F RE El ns-page Hand Book N'** STOCK-P 00 D rta rrasktsa Kerned? Cs Si. PsaL NlmA. Spokane Drug Co , Agents, Spokane, Wash. Little or no risk need bo nate ones. run if Peruna is kept in the house and at the first appearance of any symp tom of catairh taken as directed on the bottle Peruna is a safeguard, is a preventa tive, a specific, is a cure for all cases of catarrh, acute and chronic, coughs, colds, consnmptin, etc. If you do not receive prompt and satisfactory results from the use of Pe write at once to Dr. Hartman, giving a full statement of your case, and he will be pleased to give you Lia valuable advice gratis. Address Dr. Hartman, President of The Hartman Sanitarium, Columbus, Ohio. runa, Mothers will find Mrs. Winslow's Soothing syrup the best remedy to use for their children during teet hing period. An optimist is a man who boasts of his hard luck. Good Pills Ayer's Pills are good liver pills. You know that. The best family laxative you can buy. They keep the bowels regular, cure constipation. Want your moustache or beard a beautiful brown or rich black ? Lise J. C. Ayer Co., Lowell, Macs. BUCKINGHAM'S DYE ftm CTS Of DK1 .ist- un 11 f. hm 1 « ru , msmi» h n.